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grounds before the Houfe. When they fufpended the Habeas Corpus Act, he was one of those who thought they were acting without fufficient grounds, but Minifters feemed to think that the danger was not fo great as to juftify them in continuing to deprive the People of that invaluable blefing. They had now recourfe to the attack which was made u pon his Majefty the first day of the Seffions: lamenting that event as he did, and abhorring the perpetrators of it, ftill he wanted proof of the affertion of Minifters. He believed the prefent were the firft Minifters that ever called upon a Parliament to be convinced of certain facts, nferely because thofe Minifters had chosen to affert thofe facts in a Proclamation. Mr Fox concluded with recommending mild and conciliatory measures, as more likely to be effectual than the fevere ones now propofed.

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Mr Pitt said, that confidering the latenefs of the hour, and the ample difcuffion thefe Bills would have hereafter, he should not intrude at any great length upon the time of the Houfe.

The Hon. Gentleman had ftated, that the Minifters had called upon Parliament to pass thefe Bills, without laying before them any.ground upon which they could be convinced of the neceffity of them. He had ftated before, that he would not anticipate the difcuffion upon thefe Bills; but when they did come forward, he would venture to affert, that he would

lay fuch grounds before the Houfe as fhould fatisfy their minds upon the fubject. The Right Hon. Gentleman did not mean to bring ftrict legal proof, fuch as would be neceffary to convict a man of a capital offence; but he would prove it by fair reasoning, and from a general view of the ftate of affairs. But then the Right Hon. Gentleman afks, why, if this danger exifts, and has exifted for fome time, why did you fuffer the Habeas Corpus Act to revive? why did you not continue its fufpenfion? When the im menfe mafs of matter was laid open, and the defigns of thefe Societies developed, it ferved to open the eyes of the unwary, to check the incautious, and to deter the tinid; there was fair ground for Ministers to fuppofe that the delufion would ceafe; it was therefore prudent to try the effect of a lenient measure; and what was the effect? From the moment the fufpenfion of the Habeas Corpus A& was taken off, all the plans of these Societies revived, and continued in a progreffive ftate till the meeting of Parlia ment. Could it be fuppofed that the da ring outrage was committed without fome, hope of fupport from fome party or other? Certainly not.

The queftion being called for, Sir William Milner, Sir Francis Baffet, Mr Fox. and Mr Sheridan, faid a few words; after which the Houfe divided. For Me Sheridan's motion, 22; against it, 167; majority 145. Adjourned.



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following day, circumftances occurred which induced Commodore Rainier and me to detain the hips then under dif patch, in the hope of that fuccefs which I have now the honour to announce. We broke ground on the evening of the 18th, opened our Batteries on the 23d, and before twelve o'clock on Wednesday the 26th, completed a practicable breach. Commodore Rainier and I then thought proper to fummon the garrison to fur

render, while preparations were making for the affault. Terms were demanded which could not be allowed, and fuch as U



we thought confiftent were tranfmitted the Officers appointed by us to receive in return: Thefe not being accepted within a limited time, our fire recomrhenced, and in a few minutes the White Flag was difplayed on the ramparts, the conditions we had offered were accepted, figned, and tranfmitted to camp, with two Captains of the garrison as hoftages for their performance.

I have the honour to inclofe a copy of the Capitulation offered to the garrifon and accepted by the commandant, and' of fome explanatory articles which were afterwards arranged, with a state of the garrifon return of ordnance and flores taken, and a list of the killed and wounded of the forces under my command.

This evening the prifoners taken here will embark for Madras. I fhall imme. diately take up a convenient pofition, and begin the neceffary preparations for the attack of Fort Ooftnaburg, the Commmandant of that garrifon having refufed to furrender when fummoned on the 27th inftant; and I have reafon to hope, that that fort alfo will be very foon in our poffeffion.

His Majefty's and the Honourable Company's troops, forming the force under my command, have fo uniformly diftinguished themselves on every former occafion, that I need only fay their zeal and gallantry on the prelent fervice has been well exerted to maintain the reputation they have fo juftly acquired.

I am beyond measure indebted to Commodore Rainier for his cordial cooperations, and the active affiftance of the, navy in every department of the public fervice; and I have particular pleafure in affuring you, that from the perfect harmony fubfifting between all defcriptions of the Naval and Land for ces employed here, every thing may be expected from this divifion of his Majefty's troops, which is capable of being attained by their united exertions...

I have the honour to be, &c.
J. Stuart.

Terms of Capitulation.

The Garrison of Trincomale, in confi-, deration of the defence they have made, will be allowed to march out of the fort with the honours of war, drums beating and colours flying, to the glacis, where they will ground their arms, and fuerender themfelves prifoners of war: the Officers keeping their fwords. Private property will be fecured to them; but all public property, papers, guns, fores and provifions of every kind, must be delivered up, in their prefent condition, to

The garrifon to march out, and the British troops to be put in poffeffion of the fort, in one hour after this capitulation is figned; and two officers of the garrifon of the rank of captain to be delivered immediately as hostages for the performance of this agreement. Thefe are the only terms we, the undersigned Officers, commanding his Britannic Majefty's forces, can grant. Major Fornbauer, if he accepts the conditions, will fign this paper, and return it by the Officers he fends as hoftages, within half an hour from the time he receives it.

Given under our hands, in camp before Trincomale, this 26th day of Auguft, 1995.

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(Signed) Peter Rainier. J. Stuart. Thefe articles were returned, figned by J. G. Fornbauer, with fome explanatory articles of no importance.

State of the Garrison of Trincomale. Fit for fervice- Major, 1 Town Major, I Garrifon-Writer, 9 Captains, 2 Captain-Lieutenants. 13 Lieutenants, 15. Enfigas, Cadet, 5 Quarter-mafterSerjeants, 4 Bombardiers, 45 Serjeants, 44 Corporals, 5 Gunners, I Surgeon, 2 Cadets, 24 Drummers and Fifers, and 506 Privates.

Sick and Wounded. Total-1 Captain, 5 Serjeants, ro Corporals, 1 Gunner, I Surgeon, I Cadet, 1 Drummer and Fifer, and 69 Pri


Ordnance taken in the Fort of Trincomale Brafs Ordnance. twenty pounders, I

eighteen ditto, 1 twelve ditto, 2 nine ditto, a fix ditto, 2 four ditto, 7 three ditto, 5 one ditto, 1 fwivel, 2 fix-inch bowitzers, 2 five and half inch ditto, z four and half inch ditto, 3 twelve and quarter inch mortars, I eleven and three-quarter inch ditto, I ten and half inch ditto, 1 eight-inch ditto, 2 five and half inch ditto, and 5 four-inch ditto.-Total, 37 serviceable, and 5 unferviceable.

Iron Ordnance-2 twenty-four pounders, 3 twenty ditto, 21 eighteen ditto, 17 twelve ditto, 14 nine ditto, 3 fwivels, and four Carronades.-Total, 55 ferviceable, and to unferviceable.

J. W. Dixon Capt. Royal Artillery. 7. Glow. Lt. Com. Stores. J. Quale, Lt. Royal Artillery. C. Carlile, Capt. Com. Artillery.


General return of Killed and Wounded of the Troops under the command of Colonel Stuart; during the fiege of Trincomale.

His Majefty's Troops. Royal Artillery.-t bombardier and 3 gunners killed; z gunners wounded. Flank companies of his Majefty's 71ft and 73d regiments- Captain, I ferjeant, and 6 rank and file wounded. —His Majesty's 72d regiment-1 Enfign, 2 ferjeants and 7 rank and file wounded.-Royal Navy-1 feaman killed; 2 feamen wounded.

The Honourable Company's Troops. Staff-Major Smart, Deputy QuarterMafter-General, wounded.-Madras Artillery, 3 Matroffes and 6 Lafcars killed; Lieutenant, 1 Serjeant, I Corporal, 10 Matroffes, I Syrang, and 8 Lafcars wounded.-ft battalion of Native Infantry-1 Sepoy killed and 6 wounded.-23d ditto, I Sepoy wounded. Corps of Pioneers-2 Se poys wounded.

Total- Bombardier, 3 Gunners, 3 Matroffes, I Seaman, I Sepoy, and 6 Lafcars, killed; Major, Captain, r Lieutenant, 1 Enfign, 4 Serjeants, I Corporal, 2 Gunners, to Matroffes, 13 Privates, and 2 Seamen (Europeans) Syrang, 9 Sepoys, and 8 Lafcars, (natives) wounded.

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the fort, and the British colours were hoifted in it before fun-fet.

I have the honour to inclofe the articles of capitulation, but have it not at prefent in my power to tranfmit the feveral returns which will be neceffary, as Commodore Rainier and I do not think

it proper to detain the Indiamen any longer, particularly as the Commodore propofes recommending to the Government of Madras to difpatch the John Schooner in a few days to Europe, as a more expeditious conveyance.

I have the honour to be, with great refpect, &c. 7. Stuart. [Here follow the Articles of Capitulation, by which the garrifon are made prifoners of war, and the reft of the articles are the fame with thofe of Trincomale, inferted above.]

A Supplement has been published to the Gazette, containing letters from Admiral Rainier, which give exactly fimilar details with those in Colonel Stuart's letters inferted above, and it is therefore unneceffary to repeat them. Admiral Rainier adds the following particulars :

"Moft unfortunately, as his Majefty's fhip Diomede, with her tow, were working up against a strong land wind into the bay, fhe ftruck with fo much violence on a rock, lying in fifteen fathoms water, and not delineated in our charts, between Pigeon island and the outer point of this bay, that the water the fhip made gained fo faft on every exertion of both feamen and foldiers at the pumps, there was barely time to take the men out before fhe foundered, without a pol fibility of faving a fingle ftore of any confequence but the boats.-The employment of all the boats on this preffing occafion prevented the landing the army till the following morning, when the first detachment of 530 Europeans and 110 Natives, and two field-pieces, landed at the White Rocks within Elizabeth Point, without oppofition, and were followed by the remainder of European troops and natives as faft as the boats could convey them. The boats with the first detachment rendezvoused on board the Heroine, who was placed as near the landing-place as fhe could anchor in fafety, and, on the boats pushing off, presented her broadfide to cover them: the broadfides of the Suffolk and Centurion would also have done execution, had there been any oppofition made. In the courfe of the next ten days the ftores and provifions were landed with all expedition; not without the most vigorous exertions of the officers and fea2


men, the land breeze blowing ftrong all the time, as it ftill continues, and keeping up the most extraordinary high furf I ever remember to have feen here: the army had then to move them from the landing place to the camp, a diftance of three or four miles, over a very heavy fand.


"Trincomale furrendered to his Majefty's arms the 26th of Auguft, the eight day from the opening of the trenches, a work the eneiny moft unaccountably neer interrupted. The grand battery of 8 eighteen pounders and 2 ten inch mortars, from five to fix hundred yards diflant from the Glacis of the N. W. Baftion, was fo judiciously planned by Col. Stuart, and the work fo ably exccuted, as to do amazing execution from its firft opening, difmounting, in the courfe of the attack, almoft every gun the enemy could bring to bear upon it. "There were also two batteries erected to the right of the grand battery, one of a twelve pounders, the other of a eight inch howitzers, that annoyed the enemy much, and diverted their attention from the working parties of the grand battery, which was opened on the 23d inft. Du ing the three first days, the enemy kept up a very fmart fire from all their works that looked towards our batteries, but with little execution, and few cafualties. "In the courfe of the operations of the army, obferving Col. Stuart to be fhort of men for working parties, the diftance of the camp from the trenches being nearly two miles, partly over a heavy fand, and no draught cattle or vehicle of any kind to affift, I prefied him to accept of the fervices of the feamen of his Majefty's fhips, who were accordingly landed as required, in parties of one and two hundred, and worked with great chearfulness. A party of twenty. feven artillery men, who had entered at Madras, their time being expired, were alfo at Col. Stuart's requeft landed to affift in the battery under Mr William Stains, one of the midshipmen of the Suffolk. Three of the Suffolk's upper deck guns were landed to fupply as many found defective in the grand battery from injury received, and falfe boring.

"Three hundred feamen and marines, under the command of Capt. Smith, late of the Diomede, were all under orders to affift in ftorming the breach, had the enemy determined to hold out: With the feamen were Lieutenants Page and Hayward, with Mefirs. Clarke, Dredge, Jeunings, Elliot and Percy, under Cap

tain Smith's orders for the feamen, and Lieutenants M Gibbon and Percival for the marines; a confiderable part of both were felected from the Diomede's late



Every fervice required of the Captains. Officers and feamen of his Majesty's fhips under my command, was executed with amazing alacrity and fleadinefs, the only contention being who fhould be foremoft on every fervice required.

"Col. Stuart and myself have fent all the prisoners, with a few exceptions, to Madras, in a tranfport and prize, under convoy of his Majefty's fhip Heroine. There appeared tome difpofition among the foldiers of the garrison to mutiny after the fummons was delivered, which probably accelerated the furrender. His Majefty's forces were put in poffeffion of the garrifon that very evening; the Dutch troops marched out, and grounded their arms in the battery.

"Previous to the furrender of Trincomate, the fhips and boats of the squadron took two fmall veffels laden with provifions and ftores for the garrifon from Columbo, and fome small craft belonging to the port; having alfo found one fmall ketch under the guns of the fort laden with rice, the whole of little value.

"Lieutenant Pulham, of the Suffolk, cut out a small veffel from under the guns of Fort Ooftenburgh, without receiving any moleftation from the enemy, the crew having abandoned her." A General Return of Killed and Wounded of the Seamen of his Majefly's fquadron under my command, during the fiege of Trincomale.

Suffolk—2 seamen wounded.
Centurion-1 feamnan killed, and 2 ditto


Heroine feamen wounded. Total feaman killed, and 6 feamen wounded.

From the London Cazette Jan. 9.

Carleton House, Jan, 1.

This morning, bet ween nine and ten o'clock, the Princess of Wales was happily delivered of a Princefs. His Royal Highnefs the Duke of Gloucefter, his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Prefident of his Majefty's Council, his Grace the Duke of Leeds, his Grace the Duke of Devonfhire, the Earl of Cholmondeley, Lord Chamberlain, and the Earl of Jerfey,


mafter of the horfe to his Royal Highnels the Prince of Wales, the Right Honourable Lord Thurlow, and the Ladies of her Royal Highnefs's Bedchamber, were prefent.

Her Royal Highnefs is as well as can be expected, and the young Princefs is in perfect health.

This happy event was immediately made known by the firing of the Tower guns, and other demonftrations of joy in London and Westminster.

From the London Gazette, Jan. 16.

Downing freet, Jan. 16.

A difpatch, of which the following is an extract, has been received from Lieutenant-Colonel Crauford by the Right Hon. Lord Grenville, his Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Foreign Department, dated Headquarters of Marthal Clerfay's Army, Creutzenach, the 21st of December, 1795:

In confequence of the advantages obtained by Marshal_Clerfaye, as stated in my laft, General Jourdan, after having attempted in vain by different mancuvres to fecure the right of his army, began his retreat from the Nahe, on the 13th inftant, and on the 15th took a poLition upon the Hunfruck, occupying all the principal paffes between Bacharach on the Rhine, and Trarbach on the Mofelle.

From the 15th to the prefent date feyeral unimportant actions have taken place between the advanced corps of these two armies, and the Auftrian light troops have at different times fcoured the country from Birkenfeldt to Treves; but the ftrength of the enemy's pofition in the mountains, and the roads that lead to it being rendered fo bad by the late rains as to make the march of heavy artillery almost impoffible, have prevented Marthal Clerfay from undertaking any operation of confequence. His excelleney's line now extends from Dreyekhaufen on the Rhine, by Stromburg, Kirn, and Oberftein, to Birkenfeldt, from whence the left of his army is connected by a chain of light troops with Marshal Wurmfer's right, which occupies Kai'ferflattern. Marshal Wurmier has drawn his line from Kaiferflautern, by Neuftadt, along the rivulet called the Spirebach, to the Rhine.

Gen. Pichegru has made feveral at tempts to oblige the Auftrians to abandon the poft of Kaiferflautern, and on the 20th inft. he attacked it with very fuperior numbers; but, after an action of fe

veral hours he was completely repulfed, with the lofs of near two thousand men and feveral cannon. The Auftrians had, on this occafion, twenty-nine officers, and between fix and feven hundred noncommiffioned officers and privates killed and wounded.

The enemy fometimes make demonftrations from Duffeldorf, but the Auftrian corps ftationed upon the Sieg rivulet keeps them completely in check on that fide.

Part of Marshal Wurmfer's army and the Prince of Conde's corps defend the right bank of the Rhine from Phillipfbourg to Bafle.

[Here end the Gazettes.]

Court of Exchequer.

Edin. Jan. 25. This day was tried in the Court of Exchequer, here, a caufe wherein the Advocate Gen. was plaintiff, and Meff. Tennant and Co. Glafsmakers at Carfdyke, near Greenock, defendants: The object of the profecution was, to recover penalties from the defendants, for fubftituting large for fmall pots, in the annealing oven, without giving notice to the Officers of Excife, by which the Revenue was faid to be defrauded of its duty; and for different obftructions of the Officers in the execution of their duty. The Jury retired at 12 o'clock at night, and in a few minutes brought in a verdict for the Plaintiff on five Counts, four of which being one and the fame in the Information, (which confifted of 22 Counts,) for four penalties of L. 50 each, for ufing pots for making glafs without notice, and one of L. 20 for not making entry every fix weeks, of the quantities of glass by them made; and a verdict for the Defendants on the remaining seventeen Counts, the penalties of which amounted to L.770.

Jan. 25. Last night there was a most dreadful form of wind at Greenock, accompanied with a great deal of thunder and lightening; none of the fhipping, we are happy to fay, fuffered any damage. For two days previous, the tides, were remarkably high; but this day there was one of the highest tides ever remembered; the whole quays, the breafts, and the laigh ftreet from the Long Vennal to the Weft Bridge, and the whole east end of the town, from Virginia- ftreet to Crawford's dyke, were completely overflowed. Some of the property in the cellars, con fting of Sugar and Tobacco, was loft. The tide flowed with the most aftonishing rapidi


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