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confining their attention to the question of capacity at the time of the execution of the will. The jory, after twelve minntea' consideration, found a rerJict establishing: the will.

Fbiexdly Societies.—A Parliamentary return which has been issued shows that 463 friendly societies in England and Wales have deposited their rales with the registrar under the Act of 1855, which provides that if a friendly society established for any purpose which is not illegal, whose rules have not been certified by the registrar, shall deposit a copy of its rules with him, all disputes shall be decided in a manner directed by such rales without appeal; the rules to be enforced in the County Court, or if they contain no directions application ma • be mode in the first instance to the County Court; and summary proceedings cay be taken before justices against any member or other person withholding or misapplying the property of the society. Of the 463 societies more than two-thirds are in four counties—namely, 137 in Lancashire, 112 in Yorkshire, 40 in Middlesex, 26 in Nottinghamshire.

Wills And Bequests.—The wills of the undermentioned have been proved in country registries -tu.. George Hall Lawrence (Liverpool), under 140,0001.: Henry Stanlev Robert Pearce (Winchester), 80,000?.; Edmund Robinson (York), 100,000/..;

and Edward Lloyd (York), 50,0007. The

will of the Right Hon. Frances Dowager Countess of Albemarle, of South Audley-street To administered to in Her Majesty's Court of Probate in Lonson, on the 4th ult., and the personalty sworn under 30,000/. Her ladyship was twice married, first, in 1816, to Augustus Frederick KeppeL fifth Earl of Albemarle, who died without .. iaoe in 1S51; secondly, in 1861 (as third wife), to Lieut-Col. the Hon. Peregrine Cnst, son of the fir-t Baron Brownlow, and brother of John, Earl Brownlow. Her ladyship died at Lyons, on 16th May last, having executed her will 14th July 1863, with two codicils, the last dated 13th Jan. 1357. The executors and trustees appointed are Ik? husband, the Hon. Peregrine Cust, and her brother, Mr. George John Steer. Her Ladyship was the laughter of Mr. Charles Steer, of Chichester, ltd possessed a power of appointment, under tb will of her late uncle, William Steer, over a Bomof 20,i)00/. and other property, and in execution thereof appoints to her husband a sum of 5000/., tod also leaves him the interest arising from tie remaining sum and from the other property, *ar iw life; and upon his decease the same is to « divided among several of her relatives who are tesmhod in her will. The residue of her property, on the decease of her husband, she bequeaths to her said brother, Mr. George John Steer,

absolutely. The will of Mr. Peter Maze, of

Portland-place, was proved under 350,000/. perwaalty. It bears date Nov. li», 1353, with two codittlg, 1855 and 1863. The executors appointed y M* nephew, the Rev. Maze William Gregory, MX, Mr. Philip William Skynne Miles, and Mr. Arthur John Knapp, solicitor, both of Bristol. The testator died May 14 last, aged 63. He bequeaths to his wife an immediate legacy of TO., and an annuity of 400/.: to his sister, tmaa Gordon, a legacy of 200/. and an anjwy of 200/.; and he has left legacies to &a nephews, nieces, cousins, and others. He JJ? a sum of 50,000/. for the younger audwn of his daughter and only child Charatte Emma Blackburn Maze (the testator reSPnxg the surname of Maze to ba used by the

Is^^sor of his estates, and the family arms Vttrtered with his). His real estates he had *£.ed upon his daughter and her issue. To his wa-in-law, William Ireland Blackburne Maze, ho Jj"es, as a token of e3teom and affection, a legacy

\ .i {**' * tD^ residue of his real and personal £m *° ^e applied to augmentation of his free

'^ J*- *"8 w^ no k*15 l°ft a contingent intefc^jn 35,0001. to several charitable institutions, i*l by Ms last codicil he has made absolute the

'■ "****% bequests to charitable institutions—

j TM~ Bristol Inhrmary, 1000/,; General Hospital at
rfUM.j Bristol Penitentiary, 500/.; Bristol
mutant Association. 250/.; London Female Aid

! J^*, 250/. These institutions, together with
^ seamen's Hospital at Bristol, are included in
w contingent bequest. AU legacies are to be paid
***fduty. The will of Miss Jane Morris, late of 7,
«aaaariit.placeT Hyde Park, was proved in Lon-
J* JUMier 110,000*, The executors appointed aro
**• nenry Buckcr, of Wandsworth, and Mr. James
*wiw her brother. To eash she loaves a legacy
Li T1* wU1 is d&tQd the 17th July 18G(i, and
^tnxdied on the 6th April last, aged seventy.
i^wIM!1**6 Tery many Kberul bequests. She
hlr T>eral legacies to her servants; to James
far W * rr man' at Bafcn' 8ne leases 6*. a week
Mr*?5 ■' ^fae appoints her brother James
£*u v04^ le«atee- Thcre arc the following
)t.,_ t)1« bequests:—To the schools at North
frn/^J ^orris Mill-lane, and Bai-nard's-green,
,. itte disprasary at Groat Malvern. 300/.;
^?clnb, Great Malvern, 50/.; the Horticul-
-^ Society, Great Malvern, 50/,

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Liitle Anglesey. Pet. July 31. Regr & O. A.'Howard!' Sol

Hoskins, Goaport. Sur. SepL 3
Bam Ford, Thomas, contractor, Ingol. near Preston. Pet. June

18. Reg. & O. A. Myrea. Sola. Plant and Abbott, Preston. Sur.

Aug. 2*
Banbury, Mary Ann. farmer, Bristol, and Totterdown. near

Bristol. Pet. June IH. Reg. & O. A. Harley and Gibbs. Sur

Aug. 25
Banks, Thomas, Twerton. Pot. Aug. 4. O. A. Smith. Sol.

Wilson, Bain. Sur. Aug. 25
Barlow, John, boot dealer, Shefflold. Pet. Aug. 9. Reg. ft O.A.

Wake and Rodgers. Sol. Clegg, Sheffield. Sur. Sept. 1
Baxendale, Thomas MELLON out of bualnesa, Hutme. Pet.

Aug. 5. Reg. & O. A. Kay. SoL Ambler. Manchester. Sur.

Sept. 8
Billingham, Benjamin, grocer. Birmingham. Pet. Aug. 10.

Reg. £ O. A. Guest. SoL Rowkmds, Binningham. Sur. Aug, 27
Brown, ROBERT, agent, Cronkeyshaw. Rochdale. Pet. Aug. 0.

Reg. ft O. A. Jacknon, Sol. Standring, jun., Rochdale. Sur.

Aug. ai
Brown, James Philip, out of business, Warbleton. Pet. Aug. 6.

lteg. ft O. A. Blaker. Sol. Philbrick. Hastings. Sur. Aug. «i
Brown, JOHN, grocer, Haverigg, In Milton. Pet. Aug. ». Reg. ft

O. A. Werv. Sol. Puitlewaite. Inversion. Sur. Aug. 24
BuascouoH, John, provision dealer, Preston. PeUJuly ltt. Reg

« O. A. My res. Sur. Sept. 7
Busby, Simon, potter, Longton. Pet. Aug. 0. Reg. ft 0. A. Keary.

Sol. Stevenson, Stoko-upon Trent. Sur. Aug. 28
Castree, William, sheet iron roller, SLourbridge. Pet. Aug. 8.

Reg. ft O. A. Harward. Sol. Collis. Stourbridge. Sur. Aug. 30
CLAYTON, JOSEPH, Ironmonger, Marple. Pet. Aug. 3. Reg. Macrae.

O. A. McNeill. Sol. Johnston, Stockport, Sur. Aug. 27
COCKER! LL, HENRY, farmer. Great Ay ton. Pet. Aug. 3. Reg. ft

O. A. Perkins. Sol. Palmer, Stokesley. Sur. Aug. 27
Cooper, James, coal merchant, Loxells near Birmingham. Pet.
Aug. U. Reg. Hiil, O. A. Kinnear. Sol. Fallows, Birmingham
Sur. Aug. 27
Connolly. Francis, Joiner, Halllwell. Pet. Aug. o, Reg. ft 0. A.

Holden. Sola. Edge and Dawson. Bolton. Sur. Aug. 2>
Costehton, James Hamilton, attorney, Manchester. Pet.
Aug. 3. Reg. ft O. A. Kay. Sol. Ambler, Manchester. Sur.
Sept. 8

Crossland, Frederick William, share broker, Huddersflcld.

Pet. July :«. O. A Young. Sola. Mlila, Hudderatleld, and Bond

and Bur wick, Leed*. Sur. Aug. 23
Da Vies, David, farmer, Guilatteld. Pet. Aug. 10. O. A. Turner.

Sols. Jones, Paterson, and Jones, Liverpool, agents for Yoursley,

Welshpoul. Sur. Aug. 2i'

Davis, John. Iron roUer. Walbrook Coseley, Se^gley. Pet. Aug. 6.

Hog. ft O. A. Walker. Sol. Stokes, Dudley. Sur. Aug. 24
FlELDSKND, Alf-hep, steel merchant. Sheffield. Pet. Aug. 9.

O. A. Young. Sol. Fernell, Sheffield. Sur. Sept. 1
FURZE, Elizabeth Rolstonk widow, Brizham. Pec. Aug. 4

Reg. ft O.A. Bryett. Sol. Carter, Torquay. Sur. Aug. 24

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Maskell, James Henry, out of employment, Camdcn-rd, Cam

den-town. Pet. Aug. 13. Reg. Muiroy. 0. A. Porkyns. Sol.

Roger*, F.ssex-st. Strand. Sur. Aug. 31 MORLKY, WILLIAM, smith. Btetchingley And Nutfleld. Pe'. Aug

12. O. A. Paget. Sil. Cooke, Greshain-buildings, Basatfhall

st. Sur. Auk- 31 Peal, William Oliver, builder. Riverside Works, Long Ditton.

Pet. Aug. 13. 0. A. Paget. Sol. Smith, Denbigh-at, Plmltoo.

Sur. Sept. 1 Peppiatt, LUKS, Great Brickhlll. near Lei rh ton Buisard. Pet.

Aug. 14. 0. A. Paget. Sol. Buchanan, Basingholl-st. Sur.

Sept. 1 RUMFORD. RODKN SILVESTER, tailor, Moddox-st, Rogent-st.

Pet. Aug. 10. O. A. Paget. Sol. Ryan, Lincoln's-Inn-fields. Sur.

Scales, Charles, brick-maker. Slttlnjrbourne. Pet. An?. 9. 0. A.

Paget. Sols. Gibson and Willi*. Sitting bourne, and Gibson and

Brook, Abchuroh-yard. Sur. Aug. 27 STONE, ALBERT, baker, Erith. Pet. July 26. O. A. Paget. Sols.

Harcourt and Co., Moonrate-at. Sur. Aug. 27 Stocks, Thomas Richard, builder. Dsnvers-st, and Benufort-«t,

Chelsea, Pet. Aug. it. Reg. Brougham. 0. A. Paget. Sol. Droko,

Rasing hall -st. Sur. Aug. 27 STANDEN. WILLIAM, greeng-ocer, Victoria-villas, Viotorta-docks.

Pet. Aug. 1»- O. A. Paget. Sol. Wood, Bosinghall-st. Sur Aug. 27 Woodh Ams, GEOROE. builder, Burdett-rd. Limohouse. Pet. Aug.

12. O. A. Paget. Sol. Reed. Guildhall-chambers, Baalnghall-st.

Sur. Aug. 31 Wrioht, ROBERT BALL, writer for the press. Great Coram-st,

and Fleet-st. Pot. Aug. 12. O. A. Paget. Sols. Keene and Co.,

Lower Thamea-st. Sur. Aug. 31

To surrender in the Country. AMES. David, colliery sinker. Ruabon. Pet. Aug. 13. Reg. ft 0. A.

Reld. Sol. Rymer, Wrexham. Sur. Sept, * APPLEBY, William, beer retailer, Burton-upon-Trcnt. Pet.

June 12. Reg. Hill. O. A. Kinnear. Sols. Messrs. Hodgson,

Birmingham. 8ur. Aug. 27 Bailey, John William Benton, coal agent, Oedney. Pet.

Aug. W. Reg- ft O. A. Caparn. Sol. Cammack, Spalding. Sur.

Bell Joseph, traveller. Sheffield. Pet Aug. 12. Reg. ft O. A.

Wake A Ttodgers. Sol. Sugg, Sheffield. Sur. Sept. 1 Bird Hannah, spinster, Birmingham. Pet. Aug. 13. Reg. Hill.

0 A Kinnear. Sol. Colli*. Birmingham. Sur. Aug. 27 Bat.helor, Georoe Francis cabinet maker, Bristol. Pet. Aug

IS. Reg. & O. A. Harley and Glbbs. Sols. Benaon and Elleteon,

Blackburn, Thomas, stonemason, Hlghtown. Pet. Aug. lo.

Reg ft 0 A. Nelson. Sol. Sykes, Heckmondwike. Sur. Sept. 2 BRAMLEY, Jonas, engine tenter, Whftwood. Pet. Aug 14. Reg.

ft O A. Coleman. Sol. Jefferson, Pontefract. Sur. Sept. 3 Britton, JOHN, butcher, Davygute. Pet. Aug. 12. Reg. & O. A.

Perkins. Sol. Mann, York. Sur. Aug. 28 Brown Thomas (trading as Stoby and Co.), hosier. Manchester.

Pet. Aug. 12. Reg- Fordell. 0. A. McNeill. Sol. Storer, Manchester. Sur. Aug. 30 BUTKRTON SAMPSON, journeyman potter, Fenton. Pet. Aug. 13.

Reg ft O. A. Keary. Sol. Welch, Hanky. Sur. Aug. 28 BUTTON, ALFRED GUY, fisherman, Kingston-upon-HulL Pet.

Aug 13 O. A. Young. Sol. Summers, Hull. Sur. Sept. 8 Chamberlain, JOSEPH Towell, baker, Plymouth. Pet. Aug. 14.

Reg. ft O. A. Peoroe. Sols. Gibson and Moore, Plymouth. Sur.

Sept. 1 Cro-h-hwaite, Daniel, stock broker, Liverpool. Pet. Aug. 12.

O. A. Turner. Sol. Pemberton, Liverpool, sur. Aug. 27 DAVENPORT, JOHN. frul'erer.Ardwick. Pet. Aug. 14. Reg. Macrae.

O.A. McNeil. Sols. Grundy and Coulson, Manchester. Sur.

Dawson, Edward Hunter, shipowner. Sunderland. Pet. Aug. 13. Reg. Gibson. 0. A. Laidman. Sol. Bglinton, Sunderland.

DYER, Thomas, grocer, St. Anstell. Pet. Aug. 13. Reg. ft 0. A.

Carlyon. Sol. Wrefon. Fowey. Sur. Aug. 27 Eshklby, JOHN, joiner, Sheffield. Pet. July 26. Reg. ft O. A.

Wake and Roofers. Sol. Taylor, Sheffield. Bnr. Sept 1 FERRY JOHN, (rrocer, Enslngton. Pet. Aug. 13. Reg. ft O. A.

Wn-ht. Sol. Bell. Sunderland. Sur. Sept. 4 Glover William, provision dealer, Liverpool. Pet. Aug. 12.

Reg. ft O. A. Hime. Sol. Etty, Liverpool. Sur. Aug. 27 GRAVER, JOHN, out or employment, St. Helen's. Pet. Aug. 12.

Reg ft O. A. Palmer. Sol. Sudd, Norwich. Sur. Aug. 28 GRAY WILLIAM, labourer, Barnack. Pet. Aug. 9. Reg. & O. A.

Sheild and Hough. Sol. Law, Stamford. Sur. Aug. 27 Hancock Edwin, house pointer. Talk-o'-tir-Hlll. Pet. Aug. 11.

Reg & 6. A. Slancy. Sols. Messrs. Tennant, nanley. Sur. Aug. 28 Hewitt, Peter Joseph, and Rod Well, Hannah, shoemakers,

Dewsbury. Pet. Aug. 12. Reg. ft O. A. Nelson. Sols. Scholes

and Brearey. Dewsbury. Sur. Sept. 2 HlLi ERY George, sen , licensed victualler, Nottingham. Pet.

Aug. 11.' Beg. * O. A. Patchitt. Sol. Belk, Nottingham. Sur.

HUDSON, Eppleston, out or business, Barkaton Ash. Pet. Aug.

13 Reg. ft O. A. Bickers. Sol. Harle, Le^ds. Sur. Sept. 20 HUdHEs, RICHARD HEMMING, ale d. alcr, Wolverhampton. Pet.

Aug. I*. Reg. A O. A. Brown. Sol. Stratum, Wolverhampton.

Hunt Benjamin, and Hunt. William Edwin, sutioncr. Birmingham. Pet. Aug. i:t. Keg. Hill. O. A. Kinnear. Sols. Stubbs an<I Fowke. Birmingham. Sur. Aug. 27 Ives, Ahel, chair turner, Prestwood. Pet. Aug. 5. Reg. ft O. A.

Francis. Sur. Sept. 1 __

Jones, Llewelyn Pryce LLOYD, surveyor s cleik, Corwen. Pet.

Aug. 12. Reg. ft O. A. James. Sol. Pugh, Dolgvley. Sur. Sept. 22

LIPTROTT, Thomas, licensed victualler, Everton, near Liverpool.

Pet Aug. 14. O. A. Turner. Sol Ritson. Liverpool. Sur. Aug. 27

LLOYD JOHN, collier, Ystradyiodwg. Pet. Aug. 11. Reg. X 0. A.

Sptckett Sol. Davis, Cardiff. Sur. Aug. 28 LEE, Robert, blacksmith. T-rtlerbury Pet. Aug. 12. Reg. ft O. A.

Codd. Sol. Freeman, Maldon. Sur. Aug. 31 MlCHELL, Richard, out of business Owennap. Pet. Aug. 10.

O A Carrlck. Sols. Messrs. Daw, Exeter. Sur. Aug. 27 Nolan. James, innkeeper, Cardiff. I\t Aug. 9. Reg. ft O. A.

Langley. Sur. Aug SO Morton William HENRY.ehlnaclsymerchant, Deronport. Pet. Aug. 13. O. A. Carrick. Sols. Messrs. Daw, Exeter. Sur. Auk. 30 Osborne, Robert, grocer, Darl&ston. Pet. Aug. 12. 0. A. Clarke.

Sol. Crump, Walsall. Sur. Aug. 30 Paine, John Mackktt, assistant to a nurseryman, Rusthall. Pet. Aug. 13. Reg. ft O. A. Allcyne. So). Cripps, Tollbridge Wells. Sur. Aug. 30 PARRY, HUGH, currier, Llangefni. Pet. Aug. II. Reg. ft O. A.

Dew. Sol. Joii'-s, Menai Bridse. Sur. Aug. Si PrOH, JOHN, telegraph messenger. Mountain Ash. Pet Aug. 0.

Reg. ft U. A. Spickett. Sur. Aug. 28 Ran, John Henry, draper. Ware. Pet. Aug. 12. Reg. ft 0. A.

Spenc«. Sol. Fo-tcr, Hertford. Sur. Autc.2H Richardson, William, butcher, Hoiboach. Pet. Aug. 12. Reg.

ft O. A. Caparn. Sri. Cammack, Spalding. Sur. Aim. 30 SALMON, BERNARD, marine store, dealer, Wolverhampton. Pet. Aug. 9. Keg. ft O. A. Brown. Sol. Strut ton, Wolverhampton. Sur. Aug. 30 Scutt William, bed manufacturer, Manchester. Pet Aug. 4. Reg Macrae. O. A. McN.ill. Sols. Maryland, St. Swithin's-la, and M.tr»iaud a- d Addlcshaw, Manchester. Sur. Aug. 27 SIMMONDS, WILLIAM, eating-house ki-epcr, Tything. Pet. Aug.

14. R*g. ft O. A. Crisp. Sol. Tree. Worcester. Sur. Aug. JO T*YLOH GEORGE. Juiner, Kingston-upon Hull. Pot. Aug. 12.

Reg. ft O. A. Phillips. Sol. Jacobs, Hull. Sur. S-pt 8 Thomas. JOHN, cattle dealer. Lentraeth. Pet. July 17. Reg. ft

O A. Dew. Sol. Jones. Mcnal Bridge. Sur. Aug.SH Thomas. JonN Kemp*on, *>tock broker, Bristol. Pet. Aug. 14. Reg. Wilde. O. H. Acraman. Sols. Messrs. Brittun, Bristol. Sur Aug. 28 Twist, William, grocer, Birmingham. Pet. Aug. 13. Rrg. Hilt.

O A Kinnear. Sol. Coleman. Birmingham. Sur. Aug. 27 VARLEY, REUBEN, car proprietor. New Ferry. Pet. Aug. 16.

O. A Turner. Bols. Jenkins and Rae, Liverpool. Sur. Aug. 30

Wagktaff, Elizabeth, rope manufacturer, Warrington. Pet

Aug. 11. Reg. ft 0. A. Nicholson. Sol. Brctnerton, Warrington

Sur. Aug- 26

Walkku John, rug weaver, Kidderminster. Pet. Aug. 13. Reg.

& O.A.Talbot. Sol. Crowther, Kidderminster. Sur. Aug. 30.

Ward James, wcoden ware manufacturer, Berkhampsteod. Pet

Aug. 2. Reg. ft 0. A. Francis. .Sol. Cheese, Ameraharo. Sur.

Way, Richard, bootmaker, Torquay. Pet. Aug. 11. O. A. Carrtok. Sols. Hooper and Wollen. Torquay; and Force, Exeter. Sur.

Wei-t Joseph, grocer, Swindon. Pet. Aug. 13. Reg. Wilde.

O A. Acr»msn. Sols. Moseley, Bristol, and Messrs. Pigeon and

Ward, Bristol. Sur. Aug. 27 Winn, GEORGE, coat merchant, Lincoln. Pet. Aug. 14. 0. A.

Young. Bole. Messrs. Rhodes, Market Rosen. Sur. Sept. 8

Wood, William, Jun., Journeyman baker. Lancaster. Pet. Aug.

12. Reg. ft O. A. Tweedale. Sol. Bent, Manchester. Sur. Sept. 1 Woodland, Edward Gabriel,blindmak<-r, Birmingham. Pet.

Aug. 12. Reg. ft O. A. Guest. Sol. East, Btnningham. Sur.

Aug. 27


Gazette, Ana. 13. Palmer, John, beerhouse keeper, lute East Ham. July 17,186°.


Apply at the Provisional Assujmre's Office, Portugal-street,
Lincoln'a-inn-jieldit, between the /tours of eleven ami ticooii
/Vw, J. grocer, 20*.—Ju/-1«>m, J. of Llsesrd, fifth, 1». CVM-—TVot^,

Rev. G. clerk, 'JDt.—SendaMvrr, W. F. of Bromptoa, fourth, U. « faif.

Assignment, Comnositian# |usntftarsbip, nnb ffrust JJtibs.

Qaxttte, Aug. 13. Bradshaw, Ann, widow, provision dealer, Wlllaston. July 19.

Trust- J. Bcbbington. miller. Audlem BUTLER, John, carpet manufacturer, Kiddeinlnster. July 13.

5«. by two equal Instalments, in 14 days and tJ mos. Trust. W.

Haigh, stonemason, Kidderminster Clark, Ada* ALFRED, draper, Newark. Aug. 7. ftt. 8a\ by

three instalments, '2m. 3d. in 3 mos, 2s. 2«(. In 6 mos, and 2*. 3d. in

9 mos, —secured CLARK, WILLIAM, watchmaker. RawtenstsJJ. July 14. 5«. by

four equal instalments, on Jan. 7, April 7, July 7, and Oct. 7 Col I, is, Mary Fdllager, widow, Brighton. July 2H. lot. In 14

days CULVER. GEORGE STEPHEN, Ironmonger, Rumstrste. July 31,

In full, bv four equal instalments, on Oct. 1, and Jan. 1, 18fi9.

Apnl 1 and July 1, 1870 Davenport, James, farmer, Marton. July 19. 2*. in 2 mos.

Trust. W. Staton, butcher, Congleton Deadman, JEREMIAH, builder, Relgate. Aug. 6. In full, by

three Instalments, of t>. 8»f. on Oct. 1, Jan. IS, and April 10.

Trusts. C. C. Elgar. huckmaker, Relgate, and W. Stenning,

timber merchant, Redhlll Dodd, Robert, cabinetmaker, Chester. Aug. 6. ir«. by four

equal quarterly instalments. In 3, ti. 9, and 12 mos,—secured DUPr.ocK. PETER, builder, Warwick-at, Deptfonl. July 19.

2*. (W. In 3 mot) Edwards, Walter John, grocer's assistant. Rootle. July 15.

2s. in 7 days. TruBt. J. Molyneux. flour dealer, Liverpool HALL, JOHN, cloth finisher, Crumpsoll. July 6. 2*. on July 0,

1870 Hamilton, Georoe, sen., victualler, Bury. July 14. Trust. O.

Wilkie, wine merchant. Bury Hammond, William Bennett, miller, Ratcliff. Aug. 6. Kw. by

four equal Instalments, In 3, (J. 9, and 12 mos from July 15 HEPPLE, John, grooer, South Shields. July 6. Trusts. J. Crisp,

Sroviaion merchant, South Shields, and W. Brown, miller, orth Shields HITCHCOCK, GEOROE, Uilor, Aylesbury. July 24. 5#. on Sept. 1 Hopkins, Thomas, and Westoe, Robert John, woollen drapers, Blshopsgate-st-without. July 15. Trusts. W. Bliss, Chipping Norton, and M. Palmer, Trowbridge, both woollen manufacturers How. Dixon, ironmonger, Robert's - pi, Commerolal-rd, and Chlgwell row. July 10. Trust. M. E. Wesley, gentleman, Upper Thames-st Keall, Frederick Peard, chemlot, Swansea. June 17. G*. in

3 and ti mos Lloyd, Richard, builder, Welchpool. Juno 25. Trust*. W. T. Parker, draper, Welshpool; W. Stuttle, lronfounder, Shrewsbury, and C. Morris, bootmaker, Welshpool Macdocoall. William Inglis, outfitter, Otway - ter. Upper Norwood. Aug. 11. 5*. by two equal instalments. In 3 and 6 mos from June 8,—secured. Trust. J. Roddls, baker, Hlgh-st, South Norwood Marley. James, innkeeper, Ormesby, near Middlesbn-ugh. July 23. 3». tif. bv two instalments,— 2«. in 1 mo and Is. trf. In 3 mos,—secured. Tru.it. J. Peacock, joiner, Ormesby Mason, George, worsted spinner. Clayion. July 3. Trusts. W. Hodgson, w rsted spinner, Bntdford; L. Greenhough. worsted top maker, Dudley-hill, and W. Barber, stuff manufacturer. Little Horton Mcdonald, Angus, furniture dealer, Jorrow, and South Shields. July 21. 10*. by four equal instalments, in 4, 8, 12, and 18 mos from July 1,—secured. Trusts. G. Sims, wholesale lookinggla^s manufacturer, Aldersgate-st. and W. Brown, wholesale cabinetmaker. Commercial-st, Shoreditoh Orkord, John Stephen, paper hanger, Preston. July 30. 8*.—

3*. In :* m"S, 2*. tW. in 'i mos, and 2*. M. in 12 mos Page, William Joyce, and Page. Joseph Medrury, tailors, Birmincham. June 23. Trusts. J. G. Howes, St. Paul's-churchyard, and M. Crowe, Bristol, merchants PARHY, JOHN Wilton, man'.lemaker, Upper - st, Islington. Aug. 3. 5«.—1*. 8rf- in 3, 6, and It mos.—secured. Trust. S. W. Bagga, accountant, KinR-st, City Pethkhick, John, ironmonger, Camborne. Aug. 5. Trusts. J. H. Budge, merchant, and B. Matthews, Jun.. bank manager, both Uninhorne Pitt, John, provision dealer, Renfiew-rd, Kennington. Aug. 9.

Trust. R. Carter, provision merchant, Newgate-st POOLE, James, cabinetmaker, Klinbolton. July 10. Trust. J.

Elgood. merchant, Gximanchester Roberts, John Llewrllyn, grocer, Birmingham. July 13.

Trust J. H. Everton, wholesale grocer, Birmingham Sargent, Robert, baker, Relgate. July 14. Trust*. H. Mills,

miller, Dorking, and E. Nye, Horley Sewakd, Georoe Mintkr, corn chandler, Pockham - rye. July SB. S«. by monthly instalments of Urf. on Sept. 1, Oct, 1 Nov. 1, Dec. 1, Jan. 1, and Feb. 1 Sewakd, Joseph, ironmonger, Biixton-hill, Lambeth. July 29.

10*. by four equal instalments. In 3, tt, 9, and 12 mos SMITHIES, JOSEPH JOHN, glass merchant, Upper Thamet«-«t. July 14. 10*. to all creditors except H. Neall, by three equal instalments, In :t, (•, andHtnosi and to H. Neall. by instalm-nta nf 2- in 12. 1">. 18, 21, and 24 mos. Trust. F. Erwood, accountant, W,itling-»t Thorley, Rupert Henry, chins merchant, Bath. July 16. Trusts. G. Grove, china merchant, aud W. Smith, accountant, both Bath THORNTON, ALFRED Elijah, cabinetmaker. South Norwood. July '2>. &». by two equal instalments, in 3 and ij mos,—secured Tiirelfall, Emwari), out of business, Devonshire-st, Portlandpi. July 1. 5s. in 12 mos Tl'Ri.EY. KLEA7.ER, and DlLNOT, Harriet, grocers, Pelham,

near Canterbury. July 16. 2». ft*. In 30 days VANN, THOMAS, wire worker, Aston, near Birmingham. Aug. 5. 2s. frf. by two equal Instalments, In 1 and 4 mos. Trust. G. Lovedee, horse h«lr seating manufacturer, Birmingham WHITE, STEPHEN EVE, and WHITE, HENRY, builder-i. Pcniance. July 24. Trusts. J. It. Coulson, merchant, and J. H. James, ironmonger, both Pentance Winch Est R, CHARLES, ship ironmonger, Gloucester* st, Han

over-sq Aug. 2. tW. on Sept. 29 Woodford. Henry, b'ncksmith, Romsey. July 10. Trust. W.

Downs, Ironim'ttgei, Romsey Woodley. Francis, Innkeeper, Fulmer. July IS. Trust. G. Weller, brewer, Amtr.-ham

Gazette, Aug. 17. Beer, Philip Henry, cool merchant, Swansea, and Oyster,

mouth, near Swansea. Aug. 2. 5*. by four equal inatahnents

in ti, 12, 18, and 24 mos, first on Dec. 31 Bellamy, Jemima, and Bellamy, Henry, boxmokers. Little

Knightrtder-et, Doctors'-commons. July 12. Trusts. R. H.

Williamson, Adam's-ct, Old Brood-st, and E. Mills, King

Wllliam-**t, both timber merchants BOWEN, William, glass merchant, Nottingham. July 22. 3*. 4d.

by ewo equal Instalments, In 2 and 4 mos,—secured Browne, William, saddler, Egerton. July £>. Trusts. D.

Fitch, sen., farmer, Woodchurch, and T. Austin, gentleman,

Egerton Clarke, John, needle manufacturer, Reddltch. July 29. +*. by

two instalments—2*. 6rf. In 14 days and Is. t*f. in H mos from

registration. Trusts. F. Clsydon, honk manager, Reddltch, and

H. Parr, paper manufacturer, Beoley COCKRBLL, JOHN Edward, oil merchant, Manchester. July 21.

5*. by two equal instalment*, in 3 and 0 mos from registration,—


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Poor Mr. BRIERLEY is now comfortably provided for at the Hanwell Asylum. Immediately on his committal for contempt by Mr. Serjeant Cox, the deputy assistant judge, the regular steps were taken to procure his safe custody, under the provisions of the Lunatic Act, which enacts that if any prisoner in custody on any conviction, &c., “ or for any other than civil process,” be considered to be insane, two justices shall call to their aid two medical men, and if satisfied that such prisoner is insane, shall certify the same to the Secretary of State, who shall thereupon order that he be sent to such asylum as he may name. In this instance the directions of the statute were strictly observed ; two doctors certified to Mr. Brierley's insanity, and the certificate of the justices was sent to the Home Office. There an obstable presented itself. The Home Secretary doubted whether a prisoner in contempt was within the act, in spite of the very plain words, “any other than civil process,” and refused to make the order. Thereupon Mr. Serjeant Cox had no option but to order his discharge, and mischief might have come of it but for the promptitude of the parish authorities, who performed the duty which the Home Office should have done. On receipt of the order of discharge from the Judge, the governor of the gaol was bound to deliver him as a lunatic to some person who would take charge of him. No friend offered to do this, and, as a matter of course, he was taken to the union. There he was placed in the ward devoted to insane inmates until a place could be found for him at one of the county asylums. These are all full to repletion, and the poor old gentleman might have continued for a long time in the ward to which, of necessity, he had been consigned, but for the generous exertions of Sir ALExANDER SPEAR. MAN, who, as one of the visiting justices of the Hanwell Asylum, secured for him a place in that establishment, where he will have all the comforts, and even luxuries, which his case requires. It was to bring about this end that the resolute course was adopted by the Judge at the sessions, and it is only to be regretted that the same firmness had not been exercised towards him long before, as his lunacy has been unquestionable for some three years past.

THE HABITUAL CRIMINALS ACT. This important Act, hastily passed at the very close of the Session, is now in actual operation.

Let us at once state that the clause against which the Law TIMEs so often and so earnestly

protested, viz., that which made penal servitude compulsory on a third conviction, has been altered, and the discretion of the Judge remains untouched. Had it become law as it passed the Lords, the consequences would have been very serious. The indiscriminate severity of the law would have defeated itself, and unjust acquittals would have marked the reluctance of juries to recognise as a fact, what their experience would have told them to be untrue, that the number of convictions is a test of the calling of the convict. It is at the professional criminal that the new law was aimed, and the test of crime being a profession is not determined by previous convictions. We still hold the opinion that the best means of attaining the purposes of the law would be to make the fact that the prisoner is a professional criminal the subject of a distinct charge, to be tried after conviction for the particular crime, precisely as if it had been a distinct accusation, admitting the prisoner as a witness to show, if he can, that he has pursued some honest calling, and the jury to find, as a substantive charge, if he is or is not a professional criminal; and, if found so to be, the sentence to be extended to a very long term of penal servitude. The Act is very short, but it is very stringent. It gives power to the police to apprehend without warrant any convict having a ticket-ofleave whom they may have reason to believe to be getting a livelihood by dishonest means, and to bring him before justices; and if it shall appear to them that there is just ground for such belief, his licence is to be forfeited, and he is to be committed to serve out the remainder of his term of penal servitude. A register is to be kept in London of all persons convicted of crime in England; and, to make it complete, all gaolers and chief officers of police throughout the kingdom are to make such returns as shall from time to time be required, and supply evidence of identity. The third part of the Act is devoted to Habitual Criminals. On a third conviction for any of the offences described in the schedule to the Act, that is to say, any felony not punishable with death, also uttering or counterfeiting base coin, obtaining by false pretences, conspiracy to defraud, or misdemeanor under sect. 58, of 24 & 25 Vict. c. 96, the convict shall, in addition to his punishment, unless otherwise declared by the court, be subject to the supervision of the police for seven years, or such less time as the court shall direct, exclusive of the time during which he is undergoing his punishment. And the effect of being under the supervision of the police is thus defined: He is to be guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction with imprisonment for not more than one year, if 1st. On being charged by a police officer with getting his livelihood by dishonest means, he fails to make it appear that he is not so living; 2nd. If found by any police officer in any place under such circumstances as to satisfy the magistrate that he was about to commit or aid in the commission of a crime, or waiting an opportunity to aid in such commission; 3rd. If found by any person in or upon any dwelling-house, or any building, yard, or premises, shop, warehouse, or other place of business, garden, orchard, pleasure ground, or nursery ground, without being able satisfactorily to account for being found there. And persons charged with an offence under this section (8) may be taken into custody by any police officer without warrant, or under the third offence above defined may be taken into custody by the owner or occupier of the premises, or by any of his servants. The 4th sect. of the Vagrant Act, which subjects any suspected person or reputed thief frequenting any street, highway, &c., with intent to commit a felony, to arrest and conviction as a rogue and a vagabond, has been nullified by difficulties as to proof of the intent to commit a felony. To remedy this, it is now enacted that, in proving such intent, it shall not be necessary to show that the person suspected was guilty of any particular act tending to show his purpose or intent, and he may be convicted if, from the circumstances of the case and from , his known character, it appears to the magistrate that his intent was to commit a felony. Every person keeping a lodging-house, beer house, public-house, or pluce of public entertainment or resort, who knowingly harbours thieves or reputed thieves, or knowingly permits them to meet or assemble there, or allows the deposit of goods therein, having reasonable cause to believe them to be stolen, is to be liable to a penalty not exceeding 10/., and may also be required to enter into recognisances to keep the peace for twelve months. But no person is to be imprisoned for more than three months for not finding sureties. Nor is the security required to be for more than 20/. His licence is to be forfeited on a first conviction, and on a second conviction he is to be disqualified for two years from receiving such a licence. Moreover, where two convictions have taken place within two years in respect of the same premises, whether the persons convicted were the same or not, the magistrate may direct that no licence be granted for such house for a time not exceeding one year.


The fourth part of the Act deals with the receivers of stolen goods.

It enacts that where any person previously convicted of any of the above described offences involving fraud and dishonesty is found in possession of stolen goods, evidence of such previous conviction shall be admissible as evidence of guilty knowledge, and in any proceedings proof may be given of his previous conviction before the evidence of the offence; but seven days' notice is to be given to the prisoner that such proof will be produced, and that he will be so presumed to have guilty knowledge, unless he proves the contrary.

And evidence may be given also that other goods stolen within twelve months were received by him for the purpose of proving guilty knowledge.

Any police officer, authorised by a chief officer of police, may enter any premises in search of stolen goods, and seize any property he may believe to have been stolen, as if he had a search ■warrant. Wherever any property is seized, the person on whose premises it is, unless previously charged with receiving, is to be summoned within three days before a justice to account for the possession of such property, and the justice shall make such order as to the disposal of the property as he may think fit.

The chief officer of police may authorise such search.

First, when the premises are, or within eighteen months have been, in the occupation of a person who has been convicted of receiving stolen property or of harbouring thieves.

Secondly, when the premises are at the time of search in the occupation of a person who has been convicted of any offence involving fraud or dishonesty, and punishable by penal servitude or imprisonment.

And it is not to be necessary to specify any particular property, but such authority may be given if there is reason to believe generally that such premises are being made the receptacle for stolen goods.

Part 5 empowers magistrates to punish with imprisonment for not exceeding six months an assault on any police or peace officer.

Sect. 13 gives to magistrates power to remand for offences under the Act.

The provisions of the Industrial Schools Act 1861 are to apply to all children under fourteen of women convicted for the second time when such children are under her care and control, and have no visible means of subsistence.

Any dealer in old metals, as defined in the Old Metal Dealers Act 1861, who shall personally, or by any servant or agent, purchase or bargain for lead, whether new or old, in any quantity at one time of less weight than one hundredweight, or copper in any quantity of less weight than GGlbs., is to be liable to a penalty of 5/.

This Act is to be cited as "The Habitual Criminals Act 18G9." It came into operation the 9 th Aug.

REPRESENTATION OF WORKING MEN. Thk working men are vigorously prosecuting their laudable endeavours to be represented in Parliament by men of their own class. It is impossible that their wants and views can be rightly advocated by men of another class, who use them merely to subserve the purposes of their own ambition. But whence arises the difficulty in accomplishing their object? The working men are an overwhelming majority of the electors in all the metropolitan boroughs and in the great manufacturing towns, whose representation, therefore, is in their own hands, and they can return whom they please. At the next

election they might easily secure thirty seats. And they ought to do so. Why should Sheffield, Birmingham, Manchester, Bradford, for instance, where three-fourths of the electors are working men, be represented by baronets, manufacturers, and merchants? Gentlemen of this class might surely look for seats elsewhere, instead of occupying the places that properly belong to the working men who compose those constituencies.

The appearance of thirty or forty intelligent mechanics in the House of Commons would be cordially welcomed by both sides. They would certainly be heard with respect on the many subjects on which they are peculiarly qualified to assist the work of legislation. The movement will have the cordial good wishes of all who prefer patriotism to party.

It has been stated that the main obstacle to the return of working men is the provision of a maintenance while performing their senatorial duties. A very small monthly subscription by their fellow workmen would supply their modest needs. But Sir C. Dilke has suggested a plan that well deserves consideration. It is that they shall be treated as are retiring ministers. On application to the Treasury, with an affidavit that they have not independent means of support, they shall be allowed a limited pension so long as they hold their seats. This would effect the object without subjecting the applicants to any humiliation.

THE NEW LAWS OF THE SESSION. XVHI.—Law Op Evidence. (32 4 S3 Vict. o.68.) The Act further extends the principle of admitting all kinds of witnesses, in the assumption that the court can better discover the truth by hearing what all persons have to say, than by excluding certain persons because of their interest in falsehood.

The parties in all cases in which adultery is the fact in issue are now admissible, so that husband, wife, and co-respondent can be examin ed.

So also the parties in actions for breach of promise of marriage are admissible.

Any person objecting to take an oath, or objected to as incompetent to take an oath, shall, if the judge is satisfied that the taking of such oath will have no binding effect on his conscience, make the following declaration :—

"I solemnly promise and declare that the evidence given by me to the court shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth."

And to make a false statement is to subject the party to the penalties of perjury.

It is to be cited as "The Evidence Further Amendment Act, 1869."

(32 4 33 Vict. o. 81.)

This is an Act to amend the Volunteer Act.

It enacts that if any person, after demand, refuses to give up any arms, clothing, &c, the property of the public, or of any volunteer corps, or administrative regiment, issued to him as an officer or volunteer, any justice may, on reasonable grounds shown, issue a search warrant to a person named therein, who may search and seize such property, and the same penalty for detention may be inflicted as if no such seizure had been made.

The Act prescribes the manner in which the demand shall be made.

The 29th section of the Volunteer Act, as to wrongfully buying or selling of volunteer property, is extended to the pawning or receiving in pawn of such property.

The commanding officer may appear in any county or magistrate's court by any member of the staff or serjeant-major authorised by him in writing.

XX—New Parishes And Church

Building Acts.

(32 4 33 Vict. c. M.)

This Act amends the previous Acts on this subject.

It enacts that the powers of the New Parishes Acts are to apply at any time to new parishes for ecclesiastical purposes.

Where pews or sittings in any church or chapel are subject to any trust as to the grant or disposal of them, or are the private property of any estate whatsoever, the trustees may yield up their interest in the same with or without communication to the bishop of the diocese, or to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England, such surrender to be received and executed by the

bishop, and thereupon all rights of ownership are to cease, and the pews are to be subject to the same law as ancient pews.

The same enactments are to apply to the surrender to the ecclesiastical commissioners of the freehold of any church or chapel; and upon such surrender all rights created by the Act for buildthe church are to cease.

Provision is made for the sites of churches pulled down.

The portions of a benefice held in severalty may be incorporated into one.

Provision is made for parishes where there is no chnrch and no patron. Such a parish is to be deemed an extra-parochial place for the putposes of the Act.

A contract for the assignment of patronage under the Church Building and New Parishes Acts is not to be deemed simoniacaL Certain assignments already made are declared to be valid, and none of the penalties against simony are to attach to them.

XXL—The Pharmacy Act.
(32 4 33 Vict. e. 187.)

This amends the Pharmacy Act of 1868 by enacting that nothing contained in the first fifteen sections of that Act shall affect any person who has been registered as a legally qualified medical practitioner before the passing of this Act, nor apply to any person who may hereafter be registered as a legally qualified practitioner, who shall have passed an examination in pharmacy; nor prevent any veterinary surgeon duly certificated from dispensing medicines for animals under his care.

The period for presenting certificates to the registrar is extended to 31st Dec. next.

Nothing in sect. 17 of the Act of last year is to apply to any medicine supplied by a duly qualified medical practitioner to his patients, provided it be distinctly labelled with the name and address of the seller, and the ingredients thereof entered with the name and address of the person to whom it is sold or delivered in a book to be kept by practitioners for that purpose.


As we had anticipated, the land law question is not to be limited to Ireland. Already an agitation is being organised in England for the promotion of the same object in this country. A Land Law League is formed, and to in manifesto are affixed the signatures of a considerable number of gentlemen, some of whom have already appeared before the public as lecturers and orators, having for their theme the propriety of a redistribution of the land. or, as it was most tersely expressed by their very able organ, the Westminster Review, "the elimination of landlords and capitalists from the social organisation."

But the promoters of this revolution assert, and doubtless with all sincerity, that it is not their design nor desire to accomplish their end by any other than lawful means. They propose to work it out through the Legislature by changes in the law. They proclaim, in a series of distinct propositions, the nature of those changes, although they discreetly avoid anything approaching to a description of the specific laws they would substitute for the existing la*. The creed is skilfully framed to enlist a variety of votaries. It allures the tenants by an intimation that they are to share, in some manner not defined, the interest in land now enjoyed by the owner exclusively. It attracts the working classes by the broad assertion that the land of a country is the inalienable property of the people of the country, and that it is their object to restore the land to its true owners, so that eTery working man may have a share of it if ha pleases. To soothe the alarms which such a menace could not fail to kindle in the minds of all possessors of property, whatever their political creed, it is proposed to begin the process of distribution by confiscating the land of corporations, on the plea that corporations are onlv creatures of the State; that the State may al any time dissolve them and seize their possessions, merely making compensation for fife interests: in fact, following precisely the fruitful example of the Irish Church. The Democratic spirit is enlisted by the gratification of its one absorbing passion—the desire of equality. It will undoubtedly do that for which every true Democrat pines—to pull down all above him. To the Radical politician it offers the gratification of annihilating, with the extinction of landjorfj and capitalists, the only remaining obstacle! to the final establishment of the despotism of Democracy, to which he looks as to a millejium, though the history of the world shows it to be the most hateful, hideous, and intolerable of all tyrannies.

With a net so widely spread, the Land Law leform Lengtie cannot fail to enlist a formidable Amy of followers. The practical work of imitation has been appropriately commenced on Clerkenwell-green, by a fitting colleague, Mr. JjiDiACOH, and at a time fitly chosen—Sunday «oraing. The form was that of a lecture. The f.i*tance of this discourse is thus reported by tbe newspapers:

A meeting of the working classes was held yesterday morning on Clerkenwell-green, under %i aoipices of the Holborn branch of the Beform learae, for the purpose of hearing a lecture from Ir. C. Bradlaugh on " The Land and the People." there were about 1000 persons present, Mr. ftkorne being in the chair. The lecturer said ftit to obtain life and happiness from the land Tl> the right of all, and if there were any barrier fa tie way the attention of the people should be ferfed to its removal. The landowners of the (mntry numbered but 30,000, and while in 1800 *■ land was taxed to the amount of 2,300,0001., rent received by the landed aristocracy being iw,000I., in 1869 the rent received had increased over 66,000,000*., while the taxes paid had to 1,750,0001., in consequence of the ademption of the land tax. Referring to Mr. Bli's statement that the landed aristocracy had 'grown rich while they slept," Mr. Bradlaugh ■i I that it was not so, for the heads of families hi:; provided for by the law of primogeniture zv. entail, the aristocracy had provided for ttf younger eons in other ways out of their Jonntry's earnings. The rights of property in d were different from those in possessions nired by labour, and those who owned A now had no right to shut it up for IJuspre when it would produce grain for the "ring millions. He advocated reform in the i laws, firstly, because they had it in their ■er to reform them; secondly, because it was hi; thirdly, because, whether it was lawful or BR they could do it, meaning thereby that the kfrwnas of the nation was higher than mere "J right A personal attack on the Prince of and others followed, and the fact that Enga monarchical Government was denied, the eminent being that of a lauded aristocracy. did not advocate the equal distribution of L bnt he asked that the cultivator of the soil aid share in the profits of his labour. A ogism of Mr. Gladstone closed the lecture. A **■ of thanks was given to the lecturer, and Hke: speeches terminated the proceedings.

Faring thus before us a tangible declaration H the designs of the new Land Law Reform Ass iition of England, and a more carefully ■ended but not less unmistakeable statement

■ the aspirations of the Land Law Reformers

■ Ir.land, we shall be enabled to take each of tie:.- propositions in turn and see what there pir. them that is desirable and practicable, ■d "hat must be viewed with distrust and •Tm: what may be conceded, what must be Hated.

CLERKS OP ASSIZE. Iep0bt "op Committee Appointed By The T&iastjbt To Inquire Into Duties And Su-akt Op Clerk Op Assize."

(CorulucUd from pog« 315.)

We have stated that, during the continuance of « circuits, there is ample work for the clerk of "oie. as well as for his officers, and we were j^red that if the former did not attend himself, » mast send a deputy. He has power to dis'•large the duties by deputy if he pleases, but this P°»er ia now very rarely exercised. Seeing, how"«f, that the greater portion of the business of «»circuit is no doubt discharged by the snbordi!"e officers, and that the clerk of assize is under K obligation to attend personally, we took into ^deration whether it was necessary for the j* performance of the business to retain a winy salaried officer at the head of the establish**t,OT whether the duties could not be equally JTM performed by the engagement of an addiJcoal assistant of the same status, and receiving J* «»me amount of pay as is now found sufficient

i?S? "** ^^c^ of competent person for the TM°fdinate posts.

We are bound, however, to say that the opinions »taoae whom we consulted, not only of the clerks

Jf"8 wm'»Tn* naturally be opposed to any j*» proposition, but also of their officers, were 4ret8e to the discontinuance of the superior JTMw, and on full consideration, we are disposed * free that such a change would not be desirable.

It seems necessary to have an officer in whom the superintendence and control of the whole administrative business of the assizes is vested, who shall be responsible for every department of work, to whom the public and the practitioners may look for the information required in the conduct of their cases, and to whom the judges may refer on points of practice; and these conditions appear to be best fulfilled by the retention of an officer in the position of the clerk of assize. This, however, leads us to the consideration whether for the proper discharge of the duties of that office it is, or is not, necessary that the clerk of assize, prior to his appointment, should have had a professional training. The opinions which we elicited from those who attended before us differed on this point; but the general concurrence of testimony appeared to lead to the conclusion that, even if it was not essential that a clerk of assize should have been a practising barrister or attorney before his appointment, he would be in a far better position to discharge the duties if he had possessed the- advantages of a legal training than if he camo quite new to the work, and had to rely upon his officers for information on every point of practice.

We aro of opinion, therefore, that it would be expedient to prescribe that persons hereafter appointed to these offices should have had some degree of legal training, i.e., that he should be a barrister or certificated attorney of, say, three years' standing, or should have served prior to his appointment for a similar period in one of the subordinate offices above-mentioned on circuit, and that a Bill should be introduced in the House of Commons to effect this object.

Having thus stated it as our opinion that it will be desirable to retain the office of clerk of assize, we come to the consideration whether the remuneration now assigned to that office on the principal circuits is not more than is adequate to secure the services of competent and sufficiently trained officers. It was stated in the earlier part of this report that the circuits did not, on an average, last for more than from three to four months in a year, and probably, as a rule, they do not greatly exceed the first-named period. The clerk of assize is, therefore, not called upon to devote his entire time to the dutieB of his office for more than about a fourth of the year, and for the remaining nine months he is at liberty to pursue other avocations. It is true that some one must be in attendance at the office in London on every day in the year; and if the clerk of assize occupies chambers for his private business, which he also makes the circuit office, he can, if he chooses, be in constant attendance there himself, but he is under no obligation to do so, as the presence of ono of his officers would be all that was necessary for the business. If a barrister, he is not precluded from private practice except on his own circuit; but as the assizes throughout England are held at the same period, it is probable that he may not often have the opportunity of holding briefs on another circuit. He can, however, take business at his own chambers, and this, we understand, is done by some clerks of assize. Again, though we have thought it our duty to recommend that some degree of professional knowledge should be required of persons hereafter appointed to these offices, it does not seem necessary that the standard of qualification should be placed at such a point as would be essential in the case of offices involving duties of a judicial character.

Having regard to these considerations, and especially adverting to the salaries paid to persons holding offices of greater importance, and upon whose time much larger demands are made than is the case with the clerks of assize; finding, moreover, as before stated, that the first proposal of the Treasury, when the settlement was made in 1856, was to fix the salary at 8001., we consider that a salary of lOOOi. per annum is more than is sufficient to secure the services of officers properly qualified to fill these posts. We have not overlooked the fact that out of his salary a clerk of assize is called upon to meet certain expenses. He has to find an office, and to defray the cost of stationery, copying, postages, Ac. We understand that these expenses, as a rule, average about 100{. a year, though on the Midland Circuit they are higher, owing to the length of the assizes and number of the cases at York and Leeds. It was stated to us, however, that in the new courts of justice it is intended to provide offices for the clerks of assize, and if this be the case they will hereafter be relieved of the charge for the rent, which constitutes the largest portion of their expenses.

We have also reason to believe that there was no sufficient ground for assignment to the clerk of assize a higher sum per night for travelling and subsistence than to his officers. It does not appear that he is called upon to incur greater charges than they do : and they occasionally live together on circuit, and bear the expenses in equal proportions.

He is thus a gainer to the extent of about 12s.

a night; and this profit, we were informed, was regarded as having been intended to meet the expense of an office.

Whether this be so or not, we should recommend that the allowance should in future be the same to the clerk of assize and his officers.

We have now to recommend that the salaries of the clerks of assize on the Home, Western, Oxford, Midland, and Norfolk Circuits, should, as vacancies occur, be reduced to a sum not exceeding 800'. per annum. As regards the Northern Circuit, we have no hesitation in stating that if the duties of the clerk of assize remain, as at present, limited to the counties of Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmoreland, a sum of 5002. per annum would, in our opinion, afford a sufficient remuneration. We do not see any reason for an alteration in the salaries of 5001. per annum each, now received by the clerks of assize on the two Welsh Circuits.

As the salary of the office of clerk of assize can now only be revised upon a vacancy, and with the sanction of the three chief judges, it will probably be thought fitting to notify to the chief judges the proposals herein contained for any observations they may think fit to offer before proceeding to legislation the subject.

The foregoing proposals are based on the assumption that the circuits remain as they now are; but in the event of any addition to the number of counties now attached to a particular circuit under the powers conferred by the Act of 26 & 27 Vict. c. 122, involving a large increase of the duties of the clerk of assize, power may bo reserved to the Treasury to assign such additional salary as may be reasonable and proper in consequence of such alteration.

We would further propose that the additional salary of 1001. a year, which the clerk of assize can now assign to one of his officers whom he may select to act as his deputy, should be discontinued on the death or resignation of the officers at present receiving these extra allowances. We are of opinion that the power thus placed in the hands of a clerk of assize to remunerate one of his officers more highly than the others, might be exercised with partiality, and that it has a tendency to diminish that responsibility which rightly belongs to his office, and to induce him to delegate to others duties properly devolving upon himself.

We would state, in conclusion, that although the County Palatine of Lancaster was not strictly embraced in tho terms of the inquiry committed to us, we thought it desirable to request the attendance of the clerk of the Crown for that county, who performs duties analogous to those of a clerk of assize in the Crown Court, but who has a distinct jurisdiction from, and whose office is regulated by, a different statute from that applying to clerks of assize. The Act of 19 & 20 Vict. c. 118, extended and mode applicable to this officer tho powers conferred by 18 &■ 19 Vict. o. 126, for the payment of clerks of assize by salary in lieu of fees, and the Treasury, in the exercise of these powers, assigned to the present clerk of the Crown a salary of 989?. 15s., being the full amount of his net yearly emoluments from fees prior to the passing of the Act. Out of this amount the olerk of the Crown continues to pay his officers, who are understood to be clerks employed in his private office, as he did before he was placed upon salary. Whenever a vacancy occurs in the office, it will be for the Treasury to re-consider the question of salary, and to decide whether a staff of officers, similar to those employed on other circuits, and paid out of public funds, should be assigned to the clerk of the Crown. If this be conceded, having regard to the fact that the duties of the clerk of the Crown are confined to the criminal court, and that he has no duties at Nisi Prius, we think that a salary less in amount than that which wo have proposed for the clerks of assize, would be found sufficient for this officer.

W. Baliol Brett.

10th Aug. 1868 G. Sclater Booth.

William Law.


NOTES OF NEW DECISIONS. Bribery Agency Mixed Question Op Law And Fact—Treating By Agent.—The language of sects. 2 and 3 of 17 & 18 Vict, c 102, is sufficient to include every unfair attempt to influence by a gift or of any advantage. Under the 4th section it appears that the misconduct of the candidate in respect of treating can alone have the effect of treating; but by the 36th section the election is to be avoided whether the candidate himself or his agents be guilty of bribery, treating, or undue influence: Held, that although, reading the sections together, it would seem doubtful whether sect. 36 ought not to be limited to bribery, treating, or undue influence of a candidate, and bribery or undue influence (not treating) of his agent, it

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