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Of Theologians; but with keen dispatch
Of real hunger, and concoctive heat
To transubstantiate : what redounds, transpires
Through Spi'rits with ease; nor wonder; if by fire
Of footy coal th’empiric alchemist
Can turn, or holds it possible to turn,
Metals of droffieft ore to perfect gold
As from the mine. Mean while at table Eve
Ministerd naked, and their flowing cups
With pleasant liquors crown'd: O innocence 445



logians: this fame word he uses in bold trials and experiments (eure: his Tetrachordon, p. 223. Vol. i. erreo in Greek from when a trial Edit. 1738.

or experiment) without much skill 428. – what redounds, transpires and knowledge in the art, like a &c. This artfully avoids the inde- quack in physick. And they must cené idea, which would else have be strange empirics indeed, who can been apt to have arisen on the hope to find out the philosopher's Angels feeding, and withal gives stone, and turn metals of droflieft ore a delicacy to these Spirits, which to perfe£i gold. But it is not strange finely distinguishes them from us in that our author so frequently alone of the moft humbling circum- ludes to alchemy (as he does in Itances relating to our bodies. II. 517. III. 6o9. as well as here)

Richardson. when Johnson has written a whole 439. — nor wonder; if by fire &c.) comedy upon it. Nor is it a wonder, that the Angels 445. With pleafant liquors crown'd: have conco&tive heat in their sto. To crown their cups was a phrase inachs sufficient to tranfubftantiate, among the Greeks and Romans to turn their food and nourishment for filling them above the brim, into their own substance, to ahimi- but yet not so as to run over. late as it was said before, and turn Thus it is used by Homer, Iliad. corporeal to incorporeal; if by fire 1.470. the alchemift can turn or thinks to turn all metals to gold. The em- Kr@g! fully xpntnegs 67856 farlo

007010. piric alchemijt, is one who makes


Deserving Paradise! if ever, then, .
Then had the sons of God excuse to have been
Enamour'd at that fight; but in those hearts
Love unlibidinous reign’d, nor jealousy
Was understood, the injur'd lover's Hell.

- 450
Thus when with meats and drinks they had fuffic'd,
Not burden'd nature, sudden mind arose
In Adam, not to let th’occasion pass
Giv'n him by this great conference to know
Of things above his world, and of their being 455
Who dwell in Heav'n, whose excellence he saw
Transcend his own so far, whose radiant forms

Divine and by Virgil, Georg. II. 528. Autap !TH T051G roceduru

e ceoverlo. et socii cratera coronant.

Homer. Iliad. I. 469. 447. Then had the fons of God ex. Poftquam exempta fames epulis,

cufé &c.] The doubling of menlæque remotæ. the then adds great force and em

Virg. Æn. I. 216. phasis; if ever, then, then had the Poltquam exempta fames et amor Jons of God excufe &c. and this is

compressus edendi. said in allusion to that text, Gen.

... Æn. VIII. 184. VI. 2. The fomas of God saw the Our author fays the same thing, daughters of men, that they were but at the same time insinuates a fair, and they took them wives of all fine moral of the true end of eatmbat they chose, as if the fons of God ing and drinking, which is to la. there signified Angels. See note on tisfy but not to burden nature; and III. 463.

this sort of temperance he not only

recommends as in the beginning of ..451. Thus when with meats and this book and XI. 530. &c, but re

markably practic'd himself. Not burden'd nature, ]

455. above his world,] This

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drinks they had sufficd;

Divine effulgence, whose high pow'r fo far . Exceeded human, and his wary speech . . . Thus to th’empyreal minister he fram’d. 460

Inhabitant with God, now know I well ! Thy favor, in this honor done to Man, Under whose lowly roof thou hast vouchsaf'd To enter, and these earthly fruits to taste, Food not of Angels, yet accepted so, 465 As that more willingly thou couldst not seem At Heav'n's high feasts to have fed: yet what compare?

To whom the winged Hierarch reply'd. O Adam, one Almighty is, from whom

. All

is the reading in Milton's own edi. 468. To whom the winged Hierarch tions, and not above this world as reply'd. ] Raphael's behaMr. Fenton and Dr. Bentley have viour is every way suitable to the caus d it to be printed.

dignity of his nature, and to that 456. whose excellence &c.]

character of a sociable Spirit, with Excellence is a general word; and

which the author has so judiciously he branches the excellence of An

introduced him. He had received

instructions to converse with Adam, gels into two particulars, their ra- ;

as one friend converses with anodiant forms (which were the efful

ther, and to warn him of the enegence of the Deity) and their high

my who was contriving his depower. Pearce.

struction: accordingly he is repre. 467. get what compare? ) sented as fitting down at table with His speech was wary; and he was Adam, and eating of the fruits of afraid to ask the Angel directly of Paradise. The occasion naturally the different conditions of Men and leads him to his discourse on the Angels; but yet intimates his de- food of Angels. After having thus sire to know by questioning whe- enter'd into conversation with Man ther there was any comparison be. upon more indifferent subjects, he tween them.

warns him of his obedience, and


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All things proceed, and up to him return, - 470 If not depravid from good, created all Such to perfection, one first matter all, Indued with various forms, various degrees Of substance, and in things that live, of life; But more refin’d, more spiritous, and pure, 475 As nearer to him plae'd or nearer tending Each in their several active spheres affign'd, Till body up to spirit work, in bounds Proportion’d to each kind. So from the root Springs lighter the green stalk, from thence the leaves More aery, last the bright consummate flower 481 Spirits odorous breathes: flow'rs and their fruit, Man's nourishment, by gradual scale sublim'd,


makes a natural transition to the As nearer to him plac'd er zearer history of that fallen Angel, who tending &c.] So Spenser in was employ'd in the circumvention his Hymn of heavenly Beauty, of our first parents. Addison. speaking of the earth, the air, and 471.

created all above that the pure cryftallin, Such to perfeétion, one first matter By view whereof it plainly may all, &c.] That is, created

appear, all good, good to perfečtion, not ab.

That still as every thing doth up

T folutely so, but perfect in their dif

ward tend, ferent kinds and degrees; and all

And farther is from earth, so ftill consisting of one first matter, which

more clear firft matter is indued, (indutus)

! And fair it grows &c. Thyer. clothed upon, with various forms,

478. Till body up to spirit work, 475. But more refin'd, more spiri- &c.] Our author ihould have contous, and pure,

sidered things better, for by attri


To vital spirits aspire, to animal, To intellectual ; give both life and sense, 485 Fancy and understanding; whence the soul Reason receives, and reason is her being. Discursive, or intuitive; discourse . Is oftest yours, the latter most is ours, Differing but in degree, of kind the same. 490 Wonder not then, what God for you saw good. If I refuse not, but convert, as you, To proper substance: time may come, when Men With Angels may participate, and find No inconvenient di'et, nor too light fare; And from these corporal nutriments perhaps Your bodies may at last turn all to fpirit,



buting his own false notions in phi- philosophy, so was too much of a. losophy to an Arch-Angel he has systematiit in his divinity. really lessen'd the character, which 482. Spirits odorous ] We must he intended to raise. He is as much take notice in reading this verse, mistaken here in his metaphysics, that Spirits is here a word of two as he was before in his physics. syllables, tho' it is often contracted This notion of matter refining into into one or pronounc'd as two fhort spirit is by no means observing the ones, and particularly in the se. bounds proportion'd to each kind. I cond line after this suppose, he meant it as a com

To vital spi'rits aspire ; ment on the doctrin of a natural body changed into a spiritual body, and the second fyllable in odorous is as in i Cor. XV. and perhaps bor- to be pronounced long, tho' the row'd it from some of his systems of poet makes it fort in other places, divinity. For Milton, as he was IV. 166. too much of a materialist in his

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