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255

Wide wasting ; such destruction to withstand
He hasted, and oppos’d the rocky orb
Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield,
A vast circumference: At his approach
The great Arch-Angel from his warlike toil
Surceas’d, and glad as hoping here to end
Intestin war in Heav'n, th’arch-foe fubdu'd
Or captive dragg’d in chains, with hostile frown 260
And visage all inflam'd first thus began.

Author of ev'il, unknown till thy revolt,
Unnam'd in Heav'n, now plenteous, as thou seest
These acts of hateful strife, hateful to all,
Though heaviest by just measure on thyself 265
And thy adherents: how hast thou disturb’d
Heav'n's blessed peace, and into nature brought

Misery,

his sword in the case of the High more for the ensuing combat bePriest's servant. Warburton. tween Michael and Satan. It is

255. Of tenfold adamant, ] In the practice likewise of Homer other poets the Angels are armed and Virgil, to make their heroes in adamant, and in Tallo there is discourse before they fight; it renparticular mention of an adaman- ders the action more solemn, and tin shield, Cant. 7. St. 82. Scudo di more engages the reader's attenlucidissimo diamante : But Milton's tion. is stronger, of tenfold adamant. 275. Hence then, and evil go with

262. Author of evil, &c.] These " thee along, speeches give breath as it were to Thy ofspring, to the place of evil, the reader after the hurry of the Hell, general battel; and prepare his Thou and thy wicked crew; tberi mind, and raise his expectation the mingle broils,] Imitated from

Tafía

Misery, uncreated till the crime
Of thy rebellion? how hast thou instillid
Thy malice into thousands, once upright 270
And faithful, now prov'd false? But think not here
To trouble holy rest; Heav'n casts thee out
From all her confines. Heav'n the seat of bliss
Brooks not the works of violence and war.
Hence then, and evil go with thee along, 275
Thy ofspring, to the place of evil, Hell, .
Thou and thy wicked crew; there mingle broils,
Ere this avenging sword begin thy doom,
Or some more sudden vengeance wing’d from God
Precipitate thee with augmented pain.. 280

So spake the prince of Angels; to whom thus
The Adversary. Nor think thou with wind

Of

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Taffo, where Michael in like man- The realms of death, of torments,
ner rebukes the infernal Spirits and of woes,
who fought against the Christians, And in the deeps of that in-
Cant. 9. St. 64.

fernal lake

Your battels fight, and there your Itene maledetti al vostro regno, triumphs make. Fairfax. Regno di pene, e di perpetua 282. The Adversary.] Not as any morte :

..enemy in fight may be call’d, but E siano in quegli a voi douuti

in a sense peculiar to him, Satan chiostri

being his name, and Satan in He. Le vostre guerre, et i trionfi voftri.

brew fignifying the adversary. Go hence you curft to your ap. 282. — Nor think thou &c.] pointed lands, Hom. Iliad. XX. 200.

Of aery threats to awe whom yet with deeds
Thou canst not. Hast thou turn’d the least of these
To flight, or if to fall, but that they rise 285
Unvanquish'd, easier to transact with me
That thou shouldst hope, imperious, and with threats
To chase me hence? err not that fo shall end

The strife which thou call'st evil, but we stile
- The strife of glory; which we mean to win, 290
Or turn this Heav'n itself into the Hell .
Thou fablest, here however to dwell free,
If not to reign: mean while thy utmost force,
And join him nam'd Almighty to thy aid,
I fly not, but have fought thee far and nigh. 295

They ended parle, and both address’d for fight Unspeakable; for who, though with the tongue

Of

Luard, un antic 80019, ver. 262 ? where Satan is called νηπυτιον ώς,

the author of evil, of evil display'd Ελπεο δειδιξεθαι'

in acts of hateful ftrife: and so in 289. The frife which thou calli

A ver. 275. evil go with thee along

Je &c. I think that bateful would evil,] The author gave it

have been a more accurate expresThe strife which thou call'it fion, but evil is juftifiable. Pearce. bateful.

298. - can relate, &c.] The This appears from Michael's words accusative case after the verbs rs. above, ver. 264.

late and liken is fight before menThese acts of hateful Arife, hate

tion'd, and here understood. For

who though with the tongue of Angels ful to all. Bentley.

can relate that fight or to what cor. But why may not this evil relate to Spicuous things on earth can liken it,

Of Angels, can relate, or to what things
Liken on earth conspicuous, that may lift
Human imagination to such highth

300
Of Godlike pow'r? for likest Gods they seemid,
Stood they or mov?d, in stature, motion, arms,
Fit to decide the empire of great Heaven.
Now wav'd their fiery swords, and in the air .. .
Made horrid circles; two broad suns their shields 305
Blaz’d oppofit, while expectation stood
In horror; from each hand with speed retir’d,
Where erst was thickest fight, th’angelic throng,,
And left large field, unsafe within the wind
Of such commotion; such as, to set forth
Great things by small, if nature's concord broke,
Among the constellations war were sprung,

Two

fo conspicuous as to lift human ima- limity of this description. Those gination &c. A general battel is a are the combats of Men, but this scene of too much confusion, and of Angels; and this so far surtherefore the poets relieve them- passes them, that one would think selves and their readers by draw. that an Angel indeed had related it. ing now and then a single combat 306. – while expe£tation flood between some of their principal In horror ; ) Expectation is perheroes, as between Paris and Me. sonify'd in the like sublime manner nelaus, Hector and Ajax, Hector in Shakespear, Hen. V. Act II. and Achilles in the Iliad, and be.

.

En

For now fits expectation in the air. tween Turnus and Pallas, Æneas and Mezentius, Turnus and Æneas 311. - if nature's concord broke, in the Æneid: and very fine they Among the constellations war were are, but fall very short of the sub Sprung, ] The context shows

(says

Two planets rushing from afpéct malign Of fiercest opposition in mid sky

314 Should combat, and their jarring spheres confound. Together both with next to’ almighty arm Up-lifted imminent, one stroke they aim'd That might determin, and not need repeat, As not of pow'r at once; nor odds appear’d

.

In (fays Dr. Bentley) that Milton gave with his asual judgment. Æn. VIII. it warfare instead of war were. I 691. suppose the Doctor to mean, that -pelago credas innare revalfas in the common reading there is Cycladas, aut montes concurrere wanting a copulative particle be. '

montibus altos. tween the 312th and 313th verses. Now how does the Doctor's akera

But (as Mr. Thyer observes) he has tion mend the matter? Broke and

i lessen'd the grandeur and sublimity

of this fimile by tarnishing it with Sprung (he says) are both participles of the ablative case. Sup."

the idle superstitious notion of the pose them so; will there not be ma

malignancy of planets in a partiwanting in the Doctor's reading a car

cular aspect or oppofition, as the copulative particle between the Juan

judicial astrologers term it. 311th and 312th verses, to connect broke and sprung? So that they

mighty arm fault of Milton (if it be a fault) is a

Uplifted imminent,] So I conceive not remov'd from the poem by the

ho the passage should be pointed with Doctor, but only shifted to another

the comma after imagineat, and not verse. We had better keep then

after arm, that the words uplifted

imminent may be join'd in constructhe old reading, and allow the poet the liberty of dropping the copu

tion with erm, rather than with lative before the words Two planets, :

w stroke or they following. The arm on account of that fire of imagina

"was quite lifted up, and hanging tion which was kindled, and the

over just ready to fall. One thinks highth of that noble fury with

one fees it hanging almoft like the

fone in Virgil, Æn. VI. 602. which he was poffefs’d. Pearte. ...313. Iwo planets &c.] Milton Quos super atra filex jam jam lapseems to have taken the hint of fura cadentique this fimile from that of Virgil, but Imminet affimilis. varied and applied to his subject 321. - from the armoury of God

Milton,

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