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Both her first-born and all her bleating Gods. ..
Belial came last, than whom a Spi'rit more lewd 490
Fell not from Heaven, or more gross to love
Vice for itself: to him no temple stood
Or altar smok’d; yet who more oft than he
In temples and at altars, when the priest
Turns atheist, as did Eli's sons, who fill’d.495
With lust and violence the house of God?

: . In

sam, hence corriger Ammon? Cle- ends the passage as he began ite mens Alexandrinus tells us that with the Gods of Egypt. the people of Sais and Thebes worshipped sheep; and R. Jarchi 490. Belial came laft, &c.] The upon Gen. XLVI. 34. says that a characters of Moloch and "Belial thepherd was therefore an abo- prepare the reader's mind for their mination to the Egyptians, because respective speeches and behaviour the Egyptians worshipped sheep as in the second and fixth book. Gods. We may farther add, that

. Addifon. Onkelos, Jonathan, and several And they are very properly made, others are of the same opinion, one the first, and the other the laft, and fay that shepherds were an in this catalogue, as they both abomination to the Egyptians, be. make so great a figure afterwards in cause they had no greater regard the poem. Moloch the first, as he to those creatures which the Egyp- was the fierceft Spirit that fought it tians worshipped, than to breed Heaven, II. 44. and Belial the last, them up to be eaten. These au- as he is represented as the moft tithorities are sufficient to justify our morous and Nothful, II. 117. It doth poet for calling them bleating not appear that he was ever wor. Gods; he might make use of that hipped; but lewd profligate fel. cpithet as one of the most infigni- lows, such as regard neither God ficant and contemptible, with the nor Man, are called in Scripture same air of disdain as Virgil says the children of Belial, Deut. XIII. Æn. VIII. 698.

13. So the Sons of Eli are callid Omnigenûmque deûm monftra & !

i Sam. II. 12. Now the fons of ER latrator Anubis;

were fons of Belial, tbey knew met

the Lord. So the men of Gibeah, and fo returns to his subject, and who abus d the Levite's wife, Judg.

In courts and palaces he also reigns 255
And in luxurious cities, where the noise :7:319
Of r’ot ascends above their loftieft towers, KI
And injury and outrage : And when night i na 500
Darkens the streets, then wander forth the sons c's
Of Belial, flown with infolence and wine. mum
Witness the streets of Sodom, and that night
In Gibeah, when the hospitable door

Expos'd XIX. 22. are called likewise fons of 504. when the hospitable door, Belial; which are the particular in. Exposd a matton to accid worde. stances here given by our author. Je rape.) So Milton caus:d it. -502, flown with infolence and to be printed in the second edition;

in wine.] I have heard a con- the firit ran thus, i mer jecture of some body proposing to get when hofpitable doors -9222 read blaun instead of flown, blown Fielded their mitrons to preventi with insolence and wine, as thetes worfe rape. Hindi lang sa sa is in Virgil inflatus Iaccho, Eci." VI. 15. MR . Ang masy And Milton did well in altering the

Irfatum hefterno venas, ut fempers passage: for it was not true of Somr, * Jacobo de gent gagn

dom, that any, matron was yielded ! 6973 there, the

there; the women had not known Bus flown I conceive is a participle man, Gen. XIX. 8. and as they were from the verb fiy, and the meaning only offer'd not accepted, it is not is that they were raised and hight- proper to say that they were yielded, end with insolence and wine, inso- But observe that Milton in the selence and wine made them fly out cond edition changed yielded into into these extravagances. Or as expos'd, because in what was done others chink, it may be a parti- at Gibeah, Judg. XIX. 25. the ciple from the verb flow, as over; Leyite's wife was not only yielded, fiozun is sometimes used for over, but put out of doors and exposda flow'd, And the meaning is the to the mens lewdness. Why then same as fiufi'd with insolence and does Dr. Bentley prefer Milton's wine. An expression very common first reading to his second, when he from the verb fuo. In the same alter'd the passage to make it more sense we use flybd with success, as agreeable to the Scriptural story? Mr. Thyer observes. Soos oro VOL. I.


506. Thell

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Expos’d a matron to avoid worse rape. . 505
These were the prime in order and in might;
The rest were long to tell, though far renown'd .
Th’Ionian Gods, of Javan's issue held
Gods, yet confess’d later than Heav'n and Earth,
Their boasted parents: Titan Heav'n's first-born, 510
With his enormous brood, and birthright seis'd
By younger Saturn; he from mightier Jove
His own and Rhea's son like measure found;
So Jove usurping reign’d: these first in Crete
And Ida known, thence on the snowy top 515


506. These were the prime) It is manders; and as it was not possible observed by Macrobius and others, or indeed proper, so neither was it in commendation of Homer's cata. at all his intention. He propos'd logue of ships and warriors, that only to mention the chief, and he hath therein mention'd every such who were known in Palestine body who doth, and no body who and the neighbouring countries, doth not afterwards make his ap- and had encroach'd upon the worpearance in the poem: whereas it ship of the God of Israel: and is otherwise in Virgil; some have what he propos'd he hath executed a place in the list, who are never with wonderful learning and judg. heard of in the battels, and others ment. He hath inlarg'd very much make a figure in the battels, who upon each of these idols, as he are not taken notice of in the list. drew most of his materials from Neither hath Milton in this respect Scripture : The reft were long to tell, attaind Homer's excellence and the rest he slightly passes over, as beauty; but then it should be con- our knowledge of them is deriv'd fider'd what was his intent and only from fabulous antiquity: purpose in this catalogue. It was not possible for him to exhibit as 508. Th' Ionian Gods, of Javan's complete a catalogue of the fallen issue held Angels, as Homer hath given us . Gods, &c.] Javan, the fourth of the Grecian and Trojan com- son of Japhet, and grandson of


Of cold Olympus rul’d the middle air,
Their highest Heav'n; or on the Delphian cliff,
Or in Dodona, and through all the bounds
Of Doric land; or who with Saturn old
Fled over Adria to th' Hesperian fields, 520
And o’er the Celtic roam’d the utmost iles.

All these and more came flocking; but with looks
Down cast and damp, yet such wherein appear’d
Obscure some glimpse of joy, to have found their chief
Not in despair, to' have found themselves not lost 525
In lofs itself; which on his count'nance cast

Like Noah, is supposed to have settled terwards became the name of Heain the south-west part of Asia Mi- ven among their worshippers ; or nor, about Ionia, which contains on the Delphian cliff, Parnassus, the radical letters of his name. His whereon was seated the city Delphi descendents were the Ionians and famous for the temple and oracle Grecians; and the principal of of Apollo; or in Dodona, a city their Gods were Heaven and Earth; and wood adjoining sacred to JuTitan was their eldest son, he was piter ; and through all the bounds of father of the giants, and his em- Doric land, that is of Greece, Do. pire was seised by his younger bro- ris being a part of Greece ; or fled ther Saturn, as Saturn's was by Ju- over Adria, the Adriatic, to th' Hifpiter son of Saturn and Rhea. perian ficlds, to Italy; and o'er ile These first were known in the iland Celtic, France and the other coun. Crete, now Candia, in which is tries overrun by the Celtes, roam'd mount Ida, where Jupiter is said the utmost iles, Great Britain, Ireto have been born; thence passed land, the Orkneys, Thule or Iceover into Greece, and resided on land, Ultima Thule, as it is callid, mount Olympus in Thessaly; the the utmost boundary of the world. frowy top of cold Olympus, as Ho. Such explications are needless to mer calls it, Oumov ay animov, those who are conversant with the Iliad. I. 420. and XVIII. 615. Ou- classic authors; they are written for aulete y opossos. Which mountain af- those who are not.

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529. Sema

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Like doubtful hue: but he his wonted pride
Soon recollecting, with high words, that bore
Semblance of worth not substance, gently rais'd
Their fainting courage, and dispell’d their fears. 539
Then strait commands that at the warlike found
Of trumpets loud and clarions be uprear’d .
His mighty standard: that proud honor clam’d
Azazel as his right, a Cherub tall;
Who forth with from the glittering staff unfurl'd 535
Th’imperial ensign, which full high advanc’d

: Shonc

529. Semblance of worth not fub- Demon, as the learned Dr. Spencer

stance, ] An expression of hath abundantly proved in his disSpenser's Fairy Queen, B. 2. Cant. sertation De birco emissario. . He 9. St. 2.

shows that this name is used for Full lively is the femblaunt, though

fome Demon or Devil by several the substance dead. Thyer.

ancient authors Jewish and Chri

er. stian, and derives it from two He530. Their fainting courage,] In brew words, Az and Azel fignifythe first edition he gave it Their ing brave in retreating, a proper fainted courage, if that be not an appellation for the standard-bearer error of the press.

to the fall'n Angels. We see Mil532. Of trumpets loud and clarions] ton gives Azazel a right to be ftanA clarion is a small fhrill treble dard-bearer on account of his itatrumpet, a claro quem edit sono. ture; he had no notion of a dapper

Hume. ensign who can hardly carry his So Fairfax mentions and distin- colors. guishes them; Cant. I. St. 71. When trumpets loud and clarions 535. W bo forthwith &c.] There Ihrill were heard.

are several other strokes in the firft

book wonderfully poetical, and in533. - that proud honor clam'd stances of that sublime genius so

Azazel as his right, a Cherub tail;] peculiar to the author. Such is the Azazel is not the scape-goat, as it is description of Azazel's stature, and commonly call'd, but fignifies some of the infernal standard which he

unfurls ;

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