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abwabs Akbar amount ancient beegah Behar Benares Bengal British India British Indian Association cent cesses Chap claim collection collectors constitution of India contd Court of Directors crop custom dacoity debt demand Desmukhs distraint district engagements enhancement of rent established pergunnah rate estates exactions existing favour fixed former Government hereditary Hindu Hindu law hold increase interest jumma khoodkasht ryots labour land revenue landholders landlord law and constitution leases levied limited Lord Cornwallis Lower Provinces Madras Presidency Mahomedan ment middlemen millions sterling officers oppression Orissa paid paragraph payable payment permanent assessment permanent settlement perpetual persons police polygars possession pottahs principle produce proportion proprietary right purchase rajahs rate of rent redemption Regulations of 1793 resident cultivators rule ryot's share Sir John Shore soil talookdars tenants tenure tion VIII village village communities waste lands zemin zemindars and ryots zemindary settlement
28 페이지 - The village communities are little republics, having nearly everything that they want within themselves, and almost independent of any foreign relations. They seem to last where nothing else lasts. Dynasty after dynasty tumbles down : revolution succeeds to revolution; Hindu, Pathan, Moghul, Mahratta, Sikh, English are masters in turn ; but the village communities remain the same...
9 페이지 - The movement of the progressive societies has been uniform in one respect. Through all its course it has been distinguished by the gradual dissolution of family dependency and the growth of individual obligation in its place. The Individual is steadily substituted for the Family, as the unit of which civil laws take account.
3 페이지 - The elementary group is the Family, connected by common subjection to the highest male ascendant. The aggregation of Families forms the Gens or House. The aggregation of Houses makes the Tribe. The aggregation of Tribes constitutes the Commonwealth.
7 페이지 - It is to be noted, however, that the legal testimony comes nearly exclusively from the institutions of societies belonging to the Indo-European stock, the Romans, Hindoos, and Sclavonians, supplying the greater part of it ; and indeed the difficulty, at the present « stage of the inquiry, is to know where to stop, to say of what races of men it is not allowable to lay down that the society in which they are united was originally organised on the patriarchal model.
28 페이지 - ... pass unprovoked. If plunder and devastation be directed against themselves and the force employed be irresistible, they flee to friendly villages at a distance, but when the storm has passed over they return and resume their occupations.
169 페이지 - There shall be left for every man who cultivates his lands as much as he requires for his own support till the next crop be reaped, and that of his family and for seed. This much shall be left to him, what remains is the land-tax and shall go to the public treasury.
7 페이지 - The eldest male parent — the eldest ascendant — is absolutely supreme in his household. His dominion extends to life and death, and is as unqualified over his children and their houses as over his slaves ; indeed the relations of sonship and serfdom appear to differ in little beyond the higher capacity which the child in blood possesses of becoming one day the head of a family himself.
149 페이지 - The tax which each individual is bound to pay, ought to be certain and not arbitrary. The time of payment, the manner of payment, the quantity to be paid, ought all to be clear and plain to the contributor, and to every other person.
16 페이지 - Majesty, from principles of gratitude, equity, and policy, has thought proper to bestow this important employment on the Company, the nature of which is the collecting all the revenues, and, after defraying the expenses of the army and allowing a sufficient fund for the support of the Nizamut, to remit the remainder to Delhi, or wherever the King shall reside or direct.