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your proposal only on condition, that you seize KSdat Khan alive, and bring him to me. The Coorgs said: "we cannot promise to take Kadar Khan prisoner. He may be slain in the turmoil of the engagement. WhQ is to recognize him in the throng? If you wish it, we shall call Kadar Khan by name, three times, and invite

Rajah to Kadar Khan "and the lives and honor of your family" «eem to afford a glimpse of the real obligation, which Kadar Khan had conferred upon Viraraja. For in return for a mere act of hospitality, why should Viraraja desire to save the lives and honor of Kadar Khan's family? But if, according to Thornton's account Vol. 11. page 500, note, Kadar Khan had preserved the honor of one of Viraraja's sisters, every thing is intelligible and reflects honor on the Rajah. Thornton, who in his fifth volume gives a very unfair account of the late history of Coorg, is quite taken with the elder Viraraja, the uncle, not, as he alleges, the father of the present ex-Rajah of Coorg. He writes of the elder Viraraja : "his character was altogether extraordinary, and was marked by a degree of romantic generosity of rare occurrence anywhere, and most rare among the generally corrupt, effeminate, and perfidious race of Eastern princes. At the time of General Abercromby's passage through Coorg in 1791 (read, "a short time before the arrival of General Abercromby on the Malabar Coast ") the Mysoreans had been dispossessed of every Fort which they had occupied in Coorg, except Mercara, which was closely invested, and expected to surrender within a very short period. Intelligence, however, was received of the approach of a convoy of provisions, escorted by a considerable body of troops; but this force was attacked and defeated by the Rajah, and being ultimately surrounded, was left without the possibility of escape. The immediate surrender, of Mercar?. was consequently anticipated by the English General, who was greatly surprised to learn from the intelligence which next reached him, that the coDvoy had been allowed to enter Mercara, and the escort to return in safety. The obvious conclusion was, that such an arrangement could only be the result of treachery, and that the Rajah was leagued with Tippu against those with whom he had hitherto been acting. But his conduct merited a more favourable interpretation, and such an explanation was given as satisfied the English authorities of his sincerity, however they might disapprove of his acts. The Commander of the escort had, during the Rajah's imprisonment shown him some acts of kindness, and he had established a still higher elaim upon his gratitude, by preserving the honor of one of his Bisters and restoring her to the protection of her brother."

Vi'rara'je'ndra's Generosity. 109

him to leave the camp. The Rajah agreed. Upon this two messengers went to the Musulman camp offering to spare Kadar Khan's life, if he would surrender himself to the Rajah of Coorg. Kadar Khan, Natfarf Khan, and two other officers, left the Musulman camp, and appeared before Virarajendra. The latter addressed Kadar Khan, and said: in return for the kindness, which you have shown me in times past, I wish to spare your own life and the lines and honor of your family. Kadar Khan replied: if I lose the supplies which I am ordered to carry to Mercara, how can I return to Tippu? If I escape to-day, I am sure of being destroyed with my family by my master. If you wish to save my life, you must permit me to execute my orders. If you do, I shall be greateful for your goodness to the last hour of my life. The Rajah gave orders to Karyakara Kongeri Ayanna: "escort this force to Mercara, invite Jaffar Kulli Beg to capitulate, and report to me again!" Ayanraa did so. Jaffar Kulli Beg accepted the proposal in a frank manner. "Yesterday," he said, "I thought of capitulating, but today, having received fresh supplies through the kindness of the Rajah, I conceive, that I must hold out longer, in order to avoid Tippu's vengeance. As soon, however, as the new stores will be consumed, I shall surrender. Thus my life may be saved." Kongeri Ayanna conducted Kadar Khan to the Mysore frontier, and reported Jaffar's answer to the Rajah.

While these affairs took place in Coorg, Tippu Sultan lay before Be/<ikote with his whole aimy. After a long siege he possessed himself of the fortress. All the cannon and warlike stores were seut to Seringapatam. TSettik6te was razed to the ground, the country pillaged, men and women driven away to Mysore, and the victorious army returned to the capital.

A short time after the fall of JSettik6te, Major General Sir Robert Abercromby, Governor of Bombay, came with an army to Tellicherry. He inquired into the treachery of the Bibi, and resolved on punishing her guilt by depriving her of her principality, and sending her prisoner to Bombay. His camp was at Cannanore, whither the Rajah of Coorg was invited through an officer and a Company of Sipahis. Virarajendra promptly complied with the invitation. Before the Rajah arrived on the coast, however, the troops of Tippu, amounting to 6000, and the Mapli force of the Bibi consisting of 4000 men capitulated. Sir Robert Abercromby granted a free passage to the Mysorean force, and permitted them to carry away their arms and private property; but the Bibi, he declared, should be deposed and exiled to Bombay. In this plight the Bibi, friendless and despairing, bethought hefself of the Rajah of Coorg who, she was informed, had last night arrived at Tellicherry. Her ancestor had saved Dodda Virappa's Captain out of the hands of the Cherkal Rajah. He might now, in return, save her. That very night she sent her son, under the charge of Kunnipakki, one of her principal officers, in a boat across the bay to Virarajendra at Tellicherry. "She had hitherto," she sent word to the Rajah, "been the mother of the lad: Virarajendra, she begged, might now be father to him." Virarajendra was staying at the house of a Mapli of the name of Hayaja. Thither Kunnipakki, accompanied by Mus6 Behari, went with the young prince. He reminded Virarajendra of the service done by the Cannanore Rajah to his ancestor Dodda Virappa, and begged him to intercede with his English friends for the Bibi's son. Viraraja, unable to withstand such entreaties, went to Cannanore, accompanied by Chief Robert Taylor and waited upon Sir Robert Abercromby. He introduced the Bibi's son, as a suppliant, and entreated the General to save the youth, and show him THE Bi'bi Pardoned. Ill

kindness. Sir Kobert gave the desired promise, and then inquired, -who his new protege1 was. Being told, that it was the son of the Bibi, he felt much annoyed. But Virarajendras supplications prevailed, and the Cannanore family was assured of the protection of Sir R. Abercromby, as long as they would prove their fidelity to the Company. Viraraja had the joy of presenting the Bibi's son to his mother, and to apprize her at the same time of the success of his intercession with Major General Abercromby. The Mysore garrison departed, and the English flag was hoisted on the fort of Cannanore, hy Mr. Taylor, Mr. Sandiford and Mr. Samuel Wilson.

The only safe passage for the Bombay army from the coast into the Mysore was through Coorg, and Sir Robert requested the Rajah to- permit the troops of the Company to march through his country to the eastward by the Hegga/a pass, and to assist them at the same time with draught cattle and provisions. Viraraja returned home, promising to do all in his power to serve his friends. Tippu had laid Coorg waste, and robbed the Rajah of all his wealth. Coorg was on all sides surrounded by enemies. Viraraja therefore resolved to lay Mysore under contribution. Accordingly spies were despatched into Tippu's territory to ascertain, where stores and cattle were kept. After having collected the necessary information, the Rajah made some foraging expeditions, which put him in possession of 1,500 heads of cattle and a considerable supply of provisions for the army. 1,111 bullocks, the choice of the Mysore spoil, were sent to Tellicherry.

Meanwhile Colonel Hartley had arrived at Calicut. He took the fort of the place, and joined the forces under Sir Robert Abercromby.

Jaffar Kulli Beg, who held the fort of Mercara, had consumed his provisions, and offered to evacuate the place, if he was permitted, to leave Coorg unmolested, and to carry away his private property. The Rajah consented. The fort of Mercara, with all its guns, ammunition and treasure, was delivered to the Coorgs. The Rajah himself came over from Nalkanarfu on the occasion. The Mysore soldiers had received no pay for three months and were consequently in great distress. They begged the Rajah to furnish them with money to support their families. Viraraja made them a present of one thousand pagodas, and sent the whole garrison under a safe conduct across the frontier. Jaffar Kulli Beg returned to Seringapatam. Viraraja took formal possession of Mercara.

Sir Robert Abercromby ascended the Hegga/a pass and encamped on the plain above it. The Rajah came over from Nalkanarfu and had an interview with the Major General. The Company's troops were supplied with the stores brought from Mysore. General Meadows (always called General Mendys in the Rajendranama), then Governor of Madras, marched an army against Seringapatam. He took the route of Dindigul and Coimbatoor. Tippu marched his army from Seringapatam to Satyamanga/am, where an action took place. On this occasion, the brother-in-law of Tippu, a great favorite and excellent officer, Buran-u-din (alias Barkar-u-din) fell. Unable to meet the English in the open field, Tippu harassed them by attacks upon detached parties, and by cutting of their communications. The Governor General, Lord Cornwallis now came to Madras with a great army. On receipt of this uncomfortable intelligence Tippu descended by the KrisAnagiri pass to Arcot. General Meadows followed him upon the heel, by the same road, and joined the army under Lord Cornwallis. United, the English army re-ascended the KrisAnagiri pass and encamped at Banga

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