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4864 Chitrabhanu,) he possessed himself of Ikkeri by treachery, seized and killed Nambyarami, and sent Irammaji a prisoner to Kauledurga. Hyder now called the residence of the Ikkeri Rajah's Hydernagara, and began to style himself Nawab Hyder Al i Khan Bahadar. He took formal possession of the whole country, formerly subject to the Ikkeri Rajahs, except Amara-Sfi/ya, which, he was informed, had been given to the Rajah of Coorg by S6mash6kara Nayaka. On his return to Seringapatam he seized the public treasury, and killed all the principal officers who refused to submit to his authority. The higher military appointments he gave to his own relatives and friends, augmented his army gradually, and at last laid siege to the fort of Mysore. Having reduced it, he made Karachuri Nandaraja prisoner, and was now sole master of the country. When Chikka KrwAnarajah died, Hyder placed on the throne another KrisAnarajah of the same family. The time had now arrived, when Hyder chose to unfold his plans regarding Coorg. He demanded from the Rajah of Coorg the Ittarige country (Bemmatti, Mallyapa«araa and Hosuru), instead of the mere payment of the revenue. The Rajah complied with the demand. Hyder Ali Khan forthwith built a fort at MallyapaWana and placed an Amildar there. The Rajah of Coorg, on the other hand, put the remaining part of the Ye/usavira country into a state of defence. After a time Hyder Ali sent Parjulla Khan with an army against Coorg. This was done in the year 1765, (Kaliyuga 4867, Parthiva.) Parjulla Khan encamped on the heath of Ubbalganrfi, a place near the North-eastern frontier of Coorg. Many battles were fought between the Coorgs and the Mysoreans, At last Parjulla Khan was defeated, and retired to the Aigur country (northward of Coorg), Hyder Ali now offered to the Rajah of Coorg eternal peace, and the Uchchingi district, which is contiguous

BARGAIN OF CCHCHINGI. PARJULLA KHAN. 89

to the Northern frontier of Coorg for 300,000 pagodas. Chikka Virappa inquired, when the district would be ceded to him, in case he became purchaser. Parjulla Khan replied: "as soon as you pay one fourth of the price and give your General as hostage for the payment of the remainder." Upon these terms a solemn treaty was concluded. The Rajah paid 75,000 pagodas, sent Charamawwi, the brother of his Commander-in-Chief, as hostage, and demanded the cession of the district. Parjulla Khan forwarded the treasure aud the hostage to Hyder Ali Khan. During these transactions Chikka Virappa died, childless (a. D. 1766, Kaliyuga 4868, Yyaya). He was the last of the family of DoeMa Virappa. After his death, his two cousins, Mudduraja of Hater* son of Appajiraja, the younger brother of Dorfrfavirappa, and Muddaya of Horamale, the son of another younger brother of Dorfrfavirappa, ruled Coorg together, in good harmony. They lost no time in reminding Parjulla Khan of the transfer of the Uchchingi district according to the solemn treaty. Hyder Ali to whom Paijulla Khan referred the question, sent an evasive answer. The Rajah with whom he had carried on negotiations, having died, he would now offer new terms to his successors. The Coorg Rajahs should first pay the whole sum of 300,000 pagodas. Then they might take possession of the country. Seeing that Hyder only wished to cheat them, the Rajahs recommenced hostilities. Lingaraja, the younger brother of Mudduraja Of Haleri, attacked Parjulla Khau near the YeAisiivira district. Parjulla Khan lost the battle and retired towards Bisligha^. Lingaraja came up with him, beat him again, and routed his army. The whole camp, treasure, guns and ammunition fell into the hands of the Coorgs. Parjulla Khan fled with the fragments of his force into the Aigur country.

Charamanna, the Coorg hostage, had died at Mysore of the small pox. When Hyder learned the disaster of Parjulla Khan, he proposed peace. In lieu of the Uchchingi country he gave the districts of Pauje and Bellare for the sum of 75,000 Rupees paid by the Rajahs to Parjulla Khan, and fixed the boundary between Mysore and Coorg at the river Sarve. Thus peace was, for a while, established in the year 1768.

A. D. 1770 (Kaliyuga4872, Vikritu) both Muddaya of Horamale, and Mudduraja of Hal6ri died. Lingaraja of Haleri wished to see his nephew Appajiraja, the son of his elder brother Mudduraja, on the throne. On the part of the Horomale family, Mallaya the son of Muddaya, proposed his own son as successor to the Government of Coorg. A fatal family dispute arose. The Horamale man, being the stronger party, succeeded in enthroning his son, Devapparaja, atMercara, and in making himself master of the country. Lingaraja of Haleri, unwilling to be worsted, went to KrisAnappa Nayaka of Aigur, a dependant of Hyder Ali, with his son, Viraraja, and his nephew Appajiraja, who was accompanied by his two sons. From this retreat he sent MuttanhaWi Basava with two other messengers to Hyder Ali, imploring "the old friend and patron of the Coorg Rajahs," to settle the dispute between the houses of H&leri and Horamale, and to restore the Haleri-branch to the government of the country. Wolf Hyder was delighted to be chosen umpire between the quarrelling jungle-sheep of Coorg, and immediately promised every assistance to his new clients. Lingaraja of Haleri, upon this friendly answer from the great man, went in person to Hyder Ali. Hyder repeated his assurances of friendship and kept Lingaraja, as his guest, at Seringapatam.

A. D. 1771 (Kaliyuga 4873, Kara) Triyambaka, Mava, i. e. uncle or father-in-law to Shrf mant Peahva of Puna, came with a great army and laid Mysore

TRIYAMBAKA MA'VA. HYDAR INVADES COORG. 91

waste. A great battle was fought at Chinna Kurufi. Hyder Ali was utterly defeated. A fleet horse carried him from the battle field to Seringapatam, but he had no means to renew the combat. For two years the Mahrattha Chief pillaged Mysore. At last Hyder Ali purchased peace for a large sum of money, and Tnyambaka returned home. The departure of the Mahratthas was followed by a severe famine. Multitudes died all over Mysore. Lingaraja took the opportunity to propose to Hyder Ali an expedition into Coorg. "Plenty of grain will be found in Coorg," he said, "enough to feed the army. In the mean time the famine season will pass over." Hyder Ali took Lingaraja's advice. He marched his army into Coorg in ] 773 (Kaliyuga 4875, Kali year); taking the route of AfkalgWu and Be^ikanave. In Yerfavanarfu, a district belongiug to the Nanjarajapa^ana Talook, an action took place. Hyder Ali sustained a defeat, and retreated as far as Arkalgurfu. He sent for Lingaraja, who had accompanied him on the expedition, and said to him: "the Coorgs are determined to shut me out of their country. To effect an entrance is a matter of great difficulty. What are we to do?" Lingaraja replied: "I have many friends among the Coorgs. I will send word to them and engage their help." Hyder Ali begged of him to do so, and Lingaraja wrote to his partizans, that Hyder Ali had come with a large army, to support the cause of the Hal6ri family, and that he, Lingaraja, expected them to act accordingly. Some of the men, thus addressed, listened to the proposal and replied, if Hyder Ali would enter Coorg at Ba/ele, in Kigga^liiu/u, they would fight only to save appearances, and oppose no serious resistance. Hyder moved to Bafele, the Coorg friends of Lingaraja kept their promise, and the Mysore army entered. De>apparaja fled. He sought refuge with Viravarma the Rajah of Kbte. Hyder Ali seized the whole Horamale family and sent them prisoners to Seringapatam. The K6*e Rajah, true to the character of his house, said to the fugitive Coorg: "Your ancestor, Dodda Virappa, took the life of my ancestor, Viravarma, at Tomara. Your head shall now atone, unless you redeem yourself with a round sum." The hapless refugee paid to his treacherous friend the sum of 40,000 Ha>m, equal to Rs 1,660-10-8. But having still reason to distrust Viravarma, he fled in disguise, accompanied by four faithful dependants. He intended to escape to the Mahrattha country, but before he reached the Southern Mahrattha frontier, he was seized by Hyder's people at Harihar, and carried to Seringapatam. Hyder Ali threw him into prison and murdered him together with his whole family. Thus the Horamale branch of the Coorg family was cut off by the knife of Hyder Ali. In 1774, (Kaliyuga 4876, Jaya year) the line of Nandaraja of Horamale, the younger brother of Dodda. Virappa, perished in the dungeons of Seringapatam.

Hyder Ali now offered to restore Coorg to Lingaraja, if he paid the expense of the expedition. Having sustained, as he alleged, heavy losses, his bill amounted to a very large sum. Lingaraja declared his inability to satisfy Hyder Ali's demands, because he had for some years drawn nothing from his country." Hyder proposed, that an annual tribute of 24,000 rupees should be paid by Lingaraja. The latter agreed, provided Hyder Ali would assist him in the recovery of the Wynaad (Bainarfu) as far as the village of Kalpavati, from the Rajah of Koife, who had possessed himself of that part of Coorg. Hyder Ah replied, that Lingaraja should set Appaji, his elder brother's son, upon the throne at Mercara, and accompauy himself to Seringapatam, where he would make due inquiry into the Wynaad affair. Accordingly a number of Wy

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