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“ hopes beyond the river Euphrates? Do any “ of you think that your fellow-tribes will
come to your aid out of Adiabene? Besides, “ if they would come, the Parthian will not permit it.” (Jos. de Bell. Lib. ii. c. 28.) We learn from this oration, delivered to the Jews themselves, and by a King of the Jews, that the Ten Tribes were then captive in Media, under the Persian Princes. • In the fifth century, Jerome, author of the Vulgate, treating of the dispersed Jews, in his Notes upon Hosea, has these words: “Unto this
day, the Ten Tribes are subject to the Kings “ of the Persians, nor has their captivity ever “ been loosed.” (Tom. vi. p. 7.); and again
“ The Ten Tribes inhabit at this day ,“ the cities and mountains of the Medes." Tom. vi. p. 80.
There is no room left for doubt on this subject. Have we heard of any expedition of the Jews “ going forth from that country, “ since that period, like the Goths and Huns,
to conquer nations ?” Have we ever heard of their rising in insurrection to burst the bands of their captivity? To this day, both Jews and Christians are generally in a state of captivity in these despotic countries. No family dares
to leave the kingdom without permission of the King. *
Mahomedanism reduced the number of the Jews exceedingly : It was presented to them at the point of the sword. We know that multitudes of Christians received it; for example, 56 the seven Churches of Asia ;” and we may believe, that an equal proportion of Jews were proselyted by the same means. In the provinces of Cashmire and Affghanistan, some of the Jews submitted to great sacrifices, and they remain Jews to this day; but the greater number yielded, in the course of ages, to the power of the reigning religion. Their countenance, their language, their names, their rites and observances, and their history, all conspire to establish the fact. We may judge, in some degree, of the number of those who would yield to the sword of Mahomed, and conform, in appearance at least, to what was called a
* Joseph Emin, a Christian well known in Calcutta, wished to bring his family from Ispahan ; but he could not effect it, though our Government interested itself in his behalf.
+ Mr. Forster was so much struck with the general appearance, garb, and manners of the Cashmirians, as to think, without any previous knowledge of the fact, that he had been suddenly transported among a nation of Jews. See Forster's Travels.
sister Religion, from the number of those who conformed to the Christian Religion, under the influence of the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal. Orobio, who was himself a Jew, states in his History, that there were upwards of twenty thousand Jews in Spain alone, who, from fear of the Inquisition, professed Christianity, some of whom were Priests and Bishops. The tribes of the Affghan race are very nume: rous, and of different casts; and it is probable, that the proportion which is of Jewish descent is not great. The Affghan nations extend on both sides of the Indus, and inhabit the mountainous region, commencing in Western Persia. They differ in language, customs, religion, and countenance, and have little knowledge of each other. Some tribes have the countenance of the Persian, and some of the Hindco; and some tribes are evidently of Jewish extraction.
Calculating then the number of Jews, who now inhabit the provinces of ancient Chaldea,
the contiguous countries, and who still profess Judaism; and the number of those who embraced Mahomedanism, or some form of it, in the same regions; we may be satisfied, " That the greater part of the Ten Tribes, " which now exist, are to be found in the coun• tries of their first captivity.”
RESTORATION OF THE JEWS.
That many of the Jews, when liberated from their state of oppression, will return to Judea, appears probable from the general tenor of
prophecy, and from their own natural and unconquerable attachment to that country; but we know not for what purpose they should all return thither; and it is perfectly unnecessary to contend for the fact, or to impose it as a tenet of faith. We perceive no reason why they should leave the nations in which they live, when these nations are no longer heathen. Nor is it possible, in numerous cases, to ascertain who are Jews, and who are not. It is also true, that before Judea could nourish the whole body of Jews, even in their present reduced state, the ancient FERTILITY which was taken away according to prophecy, (Deut. xxviii. 23 and 38) must be restored by miracle. But we have no warrant to look for a miracle under the finished dispensation of the Gospel. We possess“ the MORE sure word of prophecy,” (2 Pet. i. 19,) and look not for signs and wonders. We expect no miracle for the Jews, but that of their
conversion to Christianity; which will be a greater miracle, than if the first Temple were to rise in its gold and costly stones, and Solomon were again to reign over them in all his glory.
Much caution is also required in stating to them our opinions concerning a MILENNIUM, or period of universal truth and felicity. prophesied to Israel, about seven hundred years before the coming of the Messiah, that a time should be, “ when nation should no longer lift “ the sword against nation, neither should men “ learn war any more :" when “ the knowledge “ of the Lord, which was then confined to “ Judea, should cover the earth, as the waters
cover the sea;" and when “they should not “ teach every man his neighbour, saying, , “ Know the Lord, for ALL should know him “ from the least to the greatest.” These prophecies were fulfilled generally when the Messiah appeared. The Gospel of Peace was preached to men, and “ the sound thereof went
to the ends of the earth.” The last prediction, which is the clearest and strongest of all,
They shall not teach every man his neigh
bour, saying, Know the Lord, for all shall “ know him, from the least to the greatest,” is expressly quoted by the Apostle Paul, Heb. viii.