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List of Officers Elect.
Mayor.—T. J. Martin.

City Council.W. Geering, B. Mooney, "W. P. Kirkland, A. Sigaud, and F. Mancho.

Judges of Supreme Court.—F. Cody, J. Eeddy, and P. Castillan.
Health Officer.—H. A. Eichards.

{Inclosure 6.)—Captain Hollins to the Mayor of Greytown. Sie, U.S. ship Cyane, off Point Arenas, April 1.1853.

I Hate the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of this date, enclosing the resolutions passed by the citizens of San Juan on the evening of the 31st of March, 1853.

I will acknowledge your authority and the officers named in your letter, as elected by the citizens of San Juan, so far as my instructions will allow, and no further.

That there may be no misunderstanding between us, I send you the words of the late Daniel Webster, by which I am guided: "meanwhile a temporary recognition of the existing authorities of the place, sufficient to countenance any well intended endeavours on its part to preserve the public peace and punish wrong-doers, would not be inconsistent with the policy and honour of The United States."

I am pleased to hear you have again formed a Government. The persons selected to fill the various offices are their own choice, of course I make no objection to them.

I am, &c.

GEOEGE N. HOLLINS, Commanding U.S. ship Crane. T. J. Martin, Esq.

SPEECH of the Emperor of Brazil, on the Opening of the General Legislative Assembly.Rio de Janeiro, May 3, 1856.


Most Augttst And Wohtht Sibs,

Eepbesentatives Of The Nation, I Congbatulate you on the present meeting of the General Assembly.

The epidemic which, in the course of the last year, invaded some provinces of the empire, and this capital, has successively attacked the greatest part of the other provinces.

The evils occasioned by that terrible scourge continue profoundly to afflict my heart. I, however, confide in Divine Providence, that, in His infinite mercy, hearkening to our fervent prayers, He will for ever remove it from Brazil.

My Government have not been sparing of their efforts, nor will they cease to exercise them, towards affording relief to such populations as may be attacked by the disease.

They have generally given proofs of resignation and courage; and by numerous acts of charity and dedication have rendered themselves worthy of my especial praise, and of public thankfulness.

Our agriculture has suffered a considerable loss of hands, and it therefore becomes daily more urgent to provide for the acquisition of industrious and well-behaved colonists towards the maintenance and development of the productions of our fertile soil.

This undertaking, however, does not only depend upon the powers of the State; it principally calls for the spontaneous co-operation of all our rural proprietors, and I reckon upon their patriotism, which will cause them to be sensible of the truth of this statement.

I watch with the greatest solicitude over the accomplishment of this national interest, and over the confidence which you may repose in my Government, by aiding them, as I trust, with the necessary means for the realizing of so transcendant a benefit, which will be requited by decisive and persevering execution on their part.

The public revenue, notwithstanding the unfavourable circumstances of the last two years, has been superior to the forethought of the Government. Its progressive tendency is manifested in such a manner, that such an excess of receipts would appear in the budget which will be presented to you, if it were not for the natural increase of the public expenditure, and the differences resulting from the general rise of prices.

As the new Customs tariff contains some notable reductions of duties, it will not be prudent to carry it into execution, unless you should enable them to avoid the disproportion of the receipts, which, however, there is reason to suppose will be but of short duration.

Notwithstanding all the measures taken for the repression of the abominable Slave Trade, some adventurers have dared to attempt new speculations; but the vigilance of my Government, aided by public opinion, succeeded in frustrating their designs, as I trust will ever be the case.

The administration of justice, the army, and the navy, still claim from your wisdom those measures which, upon another occasion, I recommended to your consideration.

Peace with all other nations, the incessant object of my cares, subsists unaltered.

In accordance with the Government of the Eepublic of the Uruguay, I resolved upon the cessation of the military aid which we afforded that State.

I saw, with pleasure, that the conduct of the Brazilian division has been always most praiseworthy, and* that its discipline and morality were publicly and solemnly acknowledged by the Government and the Oriental people.

The stipulations which for a length of time have bound us to the Argentine Confederation have been confirmed and developed by means of a Treaty of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation, which is grounded on a solid and durable basis.

A Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation has likewise been made between my Government and that of the Republic of the Paraguay, by which the question of navigation and fluvial transit is solved; another respecting boundaries being put off until a more suitable occasion, within the term of the said Treaty.

August and most worthy Sirs, Representatives of the Nation,

Peace and internal order are becoming daily more consolidated by the calmness which presides over the spirits of the public, and by the general tendency to labour, and towards improving the state of the country.

This result, which is in a great part owing to the policy hitherto followed, justifies a continuation of the frank and decided support which it always has deserved on your part. I therefore hope that, in paying attention to the necessities pointed out by my Government, you will vote for the measures which they call for, and thus promote the happiness and aggrandizement of the nation.

The session is opened.

DECREE of the President of Mexico, respecting Privateers and Naturalization of Foreigners.Mexico, September 24, 1816.

Jose Mabiano De Salas, General exercising the Supreme Executive Power, to the inhabitants of the Eepublic — Be it known: Considering that the Mexican nation is at war with The United States, according to the Proclamation made J by their Government on the 13th May* of the present year, and that therefore it finds itself under the harsh necessity of ordering every kind • Vol. XXXIV. Pag« 1137.

of measure to weaken its enemy, one of these being the establishment of privateers which may injure its commerce; that adequate regulations are wanting for this purpose, since the decree of the 25th and the regulations of the 26th of July of the present year, are neither valid nor effective, having been given by incompetent authority; and that, notwithstanding it is the attribute of the general Congress, according to Article L, part 17, of the Constitution of 1824,* to make regulations for granting letters of marque, and to declare the legality or illegality of captures made by sea or land, the peculiar position of the Republic requires that the executive of the nation should exercise this power, I have decreed and do decree as follows:

REGULATIONS for privateering by Individuals during the

present War.

To whom and upon what conditions Letters of Marque are to be granted.

Art. I. To engage in privateering against The United States during the present war, letters of marque must be obtained from the Supreme Government, which will grant them in the form and nnder the conditions prescribed in these regulations.

II. The letters of marque referred to in the foregoing Article will only be granted to vessels of which the captain, officers, and other individuals of its crew are Mexican citizens, according to tho laws of the Eepublic.

III. Every individual who may wish to fit out one or more privateers, shall deposit for each one a sum of not less than 4,000 dollars, should tho vessel not exceed 100 tons, or 8,000 dollars if of larger burthen; or shall give security for the like amounts, to the satisfaction of the person who shall grant him the patent.

To whom to apply for Letters of Marque.

IV. The applications shall be addressed to the Supreme Government in the territory of the Republic, through the respective Governors; and in foreign countries, through the Consuls or agents authorized for this purpose.

V. In the application everything shall be minutely expressed that may be necessary to give a circumstantial account of the vessel destined for cruizing, its tonnage, force, equipment, and crew; with the understanding that it must never be less than 60 tons.

VI. "With the letters of marque will also be given to the parties interested, letters of commission for those in charge of the prizes, if they should solicit them, to the number which the functionary

• Vol. XIII. Page 695. [1856-57. Iltii.] 3 X

who has to deliver the said letters of marque may think necessary considering the armament of the vessel.

VII. All the functionaries, or persons authorized for issuing letters of marque, or letters of commission, shall immediately notify to the Government those which have been issued, with a circumstantial account of the owners, their bonds, or sureties, the vessels which they have armed, their captains, force, equipment, and crew.

VIII. They will likewise keep a register of all letters of marque and letters of commission which they issue, with every other particular to which the preceding Article refers.

The Aids which are to be afforded to the Outfit.

IX. The naval commanders, harbour-masters, and other local authorities, shall afford to the owners and captains of the privateers all the assistance which they may need, and which may be in their power, in everything conducive to the quick armament of the vessels, permitting them to receive all the men they may require, excepting those in actual service of the national vessels of war, coercing those who refuse to fulfil their engagements, and prosecuting deserters, who shall be condemned to six yeara' service in the army or navy, if apprehended after the privateer shall have sailed.

X. They shall also be furnished with arms of every description, powder, and shot, when thoy ask for them and the service does not want them, supplying them with these last articles at cost price, with a credit ot'6 months at least, if they should not be able to make immediate payment, but taking sufficient security. That which may not be consumed during this period they may return, the value thereof being credited to them.

XI. In case of shipwreck, or of the vessel being taken, they shall be freed from all responsibility, both themselves and their securities, the loss or seizure being fully proved.

The Mights of those engaged in Privateering, and the Privileges granted to them.

XII. All those who may be engaged on board of privateering vessels shall be subject, in their internal police and regulations, to the ordinances of the navy, and shall enjoy the rights of the navy in all that does not relate to prizes.

XIII. The service of the captains and subaltern officers shall be considered as rendered to the national marine, and those who may distinguish themselves in signal actions shall be rewarded with appointments and promotion, pensions or grants of land, according to the force of the vessel of war or privateer which they may take,

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