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the matter with the eyes of justice; and as I am unwilling to enter into discussions and disputes, for these reasons, I refrain always as much as possible from commencing altercations of this description If this had not been the case, a discussion would have been commenced by me regarding Meerza Hassan, who is now in the Mission, and has no reason whatever for remaining there. Thirdly, if out of respect for the Mission, Meerza Hashem Khan or others, while the->_ remain in the Mission-house, are not molested, it is no evidence of" t lie weakness of this Government in the control of their servants.

You also state that when you came to Tehran, you found Meerza Hashem Khan in the Mission, where he has resided for a year, and that you were as much justified in engaging him as a servant of the British Government as you would have been at liberty to engage the services of any other Meerza or Persian subject in Tehran. I have already mentioned that this person is in the position of a man who lias disobeyed orders, and is a refugee in the Mission-house, and your Excellency lias no right on any plea to engage a servant of this Government in the pay of the (Shah. But, yes, you have a right to employ any servant who is not a Government servant, and who is himself desirous to serve in any ordinary post in the Mission which may be necessary, and such a person has a right to accept such employment.

Be this as it may, if your Excellency notwithstanding the just arguments of the Persian Ministers, should still dispatch this person from Tehran to any place whatsoever in the service of the Mission, I state to your Excellency distinctly that, by the orders of His Majesty the Shah, he will be seized, and any grave consequences which may arise from this will rest with your Excellency. But if he should himself leave the Mission like Abbas Koolee Khan, Koocheek Khan, and Hoossein Khan, and others, who without reason took sanctuary in the Mission, and afterwards left it without the intervention of the Mission, and were treated with kindness, he also will be kindly treated.

C. A. Murray, Esq. SADK AZIM.

(Inclosure 7.)—Mr. Murray to the Sadr Azim.

November 14, 1855.

I Have received your Highuess's letter of the 11th of November, and it requires a very brief reply, as all that your Highness lias advanced has been already answered in my last despatch. The only point to which it is necessary to call your Highness's special attention is the fact and the manner of Meerza Hashem Khan's dismissal from the Persian service. Your Highness states in yourletter that when Meerza Hashem Khan solicited an increase of pay, you told him that his salary would not be increased at "present," and "that he might go and petition his master the Shah." Now I beg to inform your Highness that these last expressions quoted were never made use of until they were written in your last letter. Your Highness's answer, as delivered to the Meerza and as stated by yourself to ine, was that his pay would not be raised a farthing, and that he might go about his business aud get more where he could. This answer from a Prime Minister in this country, as in all other countries, amounts to a dismissal, or, at all events, to a permission to seek service elsewhere, and the Meerza in seeking service in this Mission did no more than obey your Highness's orders. If, as your letter states, it was out of your power to dismiss a public servant without the Shah's commands, it is evident that you used those expressions either with or without His Majesty's permission; if you used them with that permission, then the man was legitimately dismissed; if you used them without that permission, and thereby committed a breach of the rules of the Persian service, that is an affair which it rests with your Highness to settle with the Shah.

But, as I said before, those expressions used by your Highness were considered by the Meerza as an order or permission to retire from the public service, and to seek his wages elsewhere; they were ^o considered by this Mission and by Her Majesty's Government, and consequently the Meerza was taken into the British service. Your Highness writes, indeed, about his having abandoned his post in the Military Department, but it is well known to you that he never held any military post, rank, or charge whatever. Your Highness has written a great many words about this Mission, by offers of high pay, taking away hundreds of Persian officers from the public service; if these words were not in a public despatch I should suppose your Highness to be joking, for you well know that this Mission has never taken nor wishes to take a single officer from the Persian service, and that our Persian employes amount to a certain number, which we neither wish to increase nor diminish.

I return therefore to the principal topic of this correspondence, which is to renew to your Highness a clear and unequivocal statement that Meerza Hashem Khan having been taken into the service of this Mission, and by the special order of Her Majesty's Government, I shall employ him here or elsewhere in Persia as the service of the Mission may require, and if the Persian Government seize or molest him in the discharge of his duties, the consequences of such a proceeding, which will be the same as seizing any other employe" of the Mission, are well known to your Highness. If.E. ~The Sadr Azim. CH. A. MUllRAY.

(Inclosure 8.)—The Sadr Azim to Mr. Murray. (Translation.) November 15,1855.

I Have received your Excellency's letter of yesterday's date, regarding Meerza" Hashem Khan, and it also has been perused by His Majesty the Shah. By His Majesty's orders, I bep to state in reply that there is no necessity for writing at any length. The answer is exactly that contained in my letter of the 4th November, which was written from the Royal autograph. Any consequences arising from Meerza Hashem Khan, a servant of this Government, will rest with that person who illegally commits an act at variance with the customs of this country.

With regard to the verbal communication, which I do not recollect in the least, your Excellency has written a good deal. My engagements in official business are confined to those which are contained in official documents. Anything which I may have written, or you may write, will be considered as binding and received in evidence. As the affairs of Meerza Hashem Khan were entirely terminated between me and Mr. Thomson, I do not trouble you further, and these few lines have been penned solely for your information.

C. A. Murray, Esq. SADK AZIM.

(Itwlosure 9.)—Mr. Murray to the Sadr Azim.

November 16, 1855.

It is my duty to inform your Highness that the day before yesterday a complaint was made to me by Meerza Hashem Khau, lately taken into the service of this Mission, that his wife was forcibly detained and imprisoned in the house of Sultan Hoossein Meerza by order of the Persian Government.

On inquiry into the particulars of his complaint, 1 learnt that this seizure and detention of his wife was occasioned by his having taken service under this Mission, and that she was threatened, if he did not leave the British service and protection, that she would be forcibly divorced from him.

As I could not believe, without full evidence, that the Persian Government was capable of conduct so contrary to all the rules of law and justice, I sent Meerza Hashem Khan yesterday, accompanied by two employes of the Mission, to the house of Sultan Hoossein Meerza, to demand that his wife might be restored to him. His Highness positively refused to do so. Upon this, Ateena Hashem Khan produced and showed to him the fetwahs* of two of the principal Mooshtehidst in Tehran, proving to him the illegality of his proceedings. He replied, that he was perfectly aware of * Rclijrions decrees. t High Priests.

the law on the subject, but that he was acting under orders which as could not disobey, and that if any further explanation were required, application must be made to your Highness.

It must be some secret and malignant enemy of your Highness who has persuaded you to order or to sanction thiB most irregular and unjust proceeding, which is at once an affront to a friendly GoTemment and a flagrant violation of the laws of Islam. Those who hare evinced their courage in threatening and terrifying .in imprisoned woman, will scarcely hare the courage to avow that, br the Persian laws, a wife not charged with any crime can lawfully be withheld from her husband, or that she can be forcibly divorced by command of any third party, without the consent of her husband.

It is not, however, my object at present to comment upon any art* of injustice committed by the Persian Government, so long as they do not affect persona connected with this Mission; but as in the present case the complainant is in the employment and under the protection of the British Government, and as on that very ground his wife ia forcibly imprisoned and withheld from him, it is my duty to request that your Highness will give immediate orders for the lady's liberation and restoration to her husband. H.E. The Sadr Azim. CH. A. MURRAY.

(Inclosure 10.)—The Sadr Azim to Mr. Murray. (Translation.) November 17, 1855.

I Have received your Excellency's letter of yesterday's date. As the subject of which it treats touches on a discussion regarding Uliea—moreover those connected with the Royal harem, and clashes with the honour of His Majesty; and as the discussion of such a subject is not only extremely delicate, and not to be thought of in thia country, but is also unprecedented, I have always myself avoided doing go, and have never allowed myself even to contemplate the niatter, far less to make it a subject of a correspondence with *ny person being a foreigner, and the Representative of a foreign Government.

It being quite out of my power to discuss this matter in any »ay, and more especially in an official correspondence, 1, therefore, *ith the greatest respect, beg to state this much in reply to your Excellency, that I am excused from considering your letter as an official communication, and that I am in duty bound to look upou it M if it had never been received.

C A. Murray, E*q. SADR AZIM. {Inclosure 11.)—Mr. Murray to the Sadr Azim.

November 17,1855.

I Have the honour to acknowledge your Highness's despatch dated 17th November: and in reply, to inform your Highness that, although you are pleased to state that, on account of the nature of the subject of which it treats, you cannot consider my despatch of the 16th as official, it is my duty to state, that not only is it official but that the continuance of the friendly relations existing between the Persian Government and this Mission depend upon the answer which your Highness gives to the demand contained in it, and renewed in what I now write.

Your Highness truly says that an official discussion concerning ladies, and especially ladies connected with the Royal "anderoon," is a matter of extreme delicacy, and without precedent. I grant it; but I add, that, however unbecoming or unprecedented it may be, the blame of it rests with those who have provoked it; for it is also unbecoming aud unprecedented that the Persian Government should give orders for the forcible detention and imprisonment of the wife of an employe in this Mission.

Tour Highness well knows that the protection enjoyed by employes in this and other foreign Missions, extends to their houses and family; and the Persian Government, in seizing and imprisoning the wife of Meerza Hashem Khan, has offered the same affront to Her Majesty's Government as if they had seized and imprisoned the Meerza himself, which last step your Highness has informed me officially that you would take if 1 sent him on the duty to which he has been appointed. Although I do not intend to enter into any further discussion on this matter, 1 wish to give your Highness full time to consider the consequences of the decision to which you may come; and I therefore now officially inform you that if, by 12 o'clock on Monday next, the wife of Meerza Hashesn Khan is not set free and restored to her husband, the flag of the Mission will be hauled down, and the responsibility of the interruption of friendly relations between the British and the Persian Governments will rest on those who have caused it, by an act of flagrant and unprecedented injustice.

H.E. The Sadr Azim. CH. A. MURRAY.

No. 52.—Mr. Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.—(Bee. Jan. 1,185G.) (Extract.) Tehran, November 20, 1855.

In continuation of the matter contained in my despatch of the 17th instant, I have the honour to inform your Lordship that yes terday Prince Seif-ed-dowleh Meerza called upon me on the part of the Sadr Azim aud discussed at length the case of Meerza Hashem Khan. He said that with regard to the liberating of the Meerza'a

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