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trouver bon de trafiquer, et ne seront pas soumis à un droit plus élevé que la différence du prix coûtant au taux fixé par le Gouvernement pour la vente de ces articles.

Dans le cas où le Gouvernement de la Bépublique de Liberia fixerait le prix d'un article de production indigène, dans le dessein que cet article soit pris en payement d'autres articles dont le Gouvernement pourrait faire commerce, toutes les personnes commerçant avec le Bépublique de Liberia pourront, eu payement dea taxes, présenter au trésor ledit article de production indigène, an prix fixé par le Gouvernement.

VI. S'il arrive que quelque navire appartenant aux deux Pays Contractants naufrage dans les ports ou sur les côtes de leurs territoires respectifs, les plus grands secours possibles leur seront donnés, tant pour la conservation des effets que pour la sûreté, le soin et la remise des articles sauvés. La protection et les soins lea plus grands seront accordés aux officiers et équipages des bâtiments naufragés pour les secourir et les préserver du pillage, et de ton» mauvais traitements; le montant des frais et droitB de sauvetage sera réglé, en cas de discussion, par des arbitres choisis par les deux Parties.

VII. Chacune des deux Parties Contractantes aura le droit de nommer, pour le développement et la protection du commerce, des Consuls ou Agents Consulaires qui résideront dans les ports ou villes des possessions de l'autre. Ils jouiront dans l'un et l'antre Pays, tant dans leurs personnes que dans l'exercice de leur charge, des mêmes privilèges et de la même protection qui sont ou qui Beraient accordés aux Consuls de la nation la plus favorisée.

VIII. Les citoyens des deux Pays Contractants jouiront, dans toutes les possessions de l'autre, de la plus parfaite liberté de conscience en matière de religion, conformément au système de tolerance pratiqué dans leurs pays respectifs.

IX. L'intention bien formelle des deux Parties Contractante* étant de s'obliger, par la présente Convention, à se traiter l'une l'autre sur le pied de la nation la plus favorisée, il est bien entends qu'il ne sera accordé à aucune nation étrangère un avantage, un privilège quelconque en matière de commerce ou de navigation, ou pour toute autre cause, sans qu'il soit permis aux deux Pays Contractants de jouir immédiatement des mêmes avantages.

X. Le Gouvernement Français s'engage à ne jamais intervenir dans les affaires qui pourront avoir lieu entre les naturels et le Gouvernement de la République de Liberia sur les territoire! soumis à sa juridiction, à moins, toutefois, que la propriété d'un citoyen Français ayant été attaquée ou violée par les naturels, 1» Bépublique ne se trouvât pas en état de lui donner protection: dans ce cas, le Gouvernement Français s'engage, sur la réquisitioi faite préalablement à cet effet par le Gouvernement libérein, à prêter telle assistance dont on pourrait avoir besoin.

Les commerçants Français établis sur le territoire de la République de Liberia devront s'abstenir de toute intervention avec les naturels qui pourrait amener la violation des lois ou troubler la paix du pays.

XI. En cas de mésintelligence entre les deux Nations Contractantes, les citoyens de chacune d'elles résidant dans les possessions de l'autre pourront y rester pour l'arrangement de leurs affaires ou commerce dans l'intérieur, sans être gênés en quelque manière que ce soit, tant qu'ils continueront à se comporter pacifiquement et à ne commettre aucun acte contraire aux lois.

XII. Le présent Traité Bera ratifié, et les ratifications seront échangées à Monrovia dans l'espace de 12 mois, ou plus tôt, si faire se peut.

En foi de quoi, les Commissaires respectifs l'ont signé et y ont apposé leurs cachets.

Fait en triple original, à Monrovia, le 17 du mois d'Avril de l'an 1852.

(L.S.) A BATJDIN.
(L.S.) HILAET TEAGE.

Abticlb Additionnel.

Dans le cas où un privilège ou avantage en matière de commerce aurait été accordé aux citoyens d'une autre nation, il sera également accordé aux citoyens des Parties Contractantes, gratuitement, si la concession en faveur de cette autre nation a été gratuite, ou par une compensation aussi équitable que possible, tant par sa valeur que par les effets qu'elle peut produire, le tout réglé d'un commun accord, si la concession a été accordée conditionnellement.

Fait et signé à Monrovia, le 20 du mois d'Avril de l'an 1852.

(L.S.) A. BAUDIN.
(L.S.) HILAET TEAGE.

II. Notre garde des sceaux, Ministre et Secrétaire d'Etat au Département de la Justice, et notre Ministre et Secrétaire d'Etat au Département des Affaires Etrangères, sont chargés, chacun en ce qui le concerne, de l'exécution du présent décret.

Fait à Saint-Cloud, le 18 Octobre, 1856.

Par l'Empereur: NAPOLEON.

Le Ministre des Affaires Etrangères, A. Walewskl.

TREATIES of Peace, Cession, fyc, between The United Stales and certain Nations and Tribes of Indians.—1855—1857.

(1.)—Tbeaty with the Choctaws and Chickasaws.Washington,

June 22, 1855.

[Eatified by the President of The United States, March 4,1856.] Aeticles of Agreement and Convention between The United States and the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes of Indians, made and concluded at the city of Washington, the 22nd day of June, A.D. 1855, by George W. Manypenny, Commissioner on the part of The United States, Peter P. Pitchlynn, Israel Folsom, Samuel Garland, and Dixon W. Lewis, Commissioners on the part of the Choctaws; and Edmund Pickens and Sampson Folsom, Commissioners on the part of the Chiclcasaws:

Whereas, the political connection heretofore existing between the Choctaw and the Chickasaw tribes of Indians, has given rise to unhappy and injurious dissensions and controversies among them, which render necessary a readjustment of their relations to each other and to The United States; and whereas The United States desire that the Choctaw Indians shall relinquish all claim to anj territory west of the 100th degree of west longitude, and also to make provision for the permanent settlement within the Choctaw country, of the Wichita and certain other tribes or bands of Indians, for which purpose the Chocktaws and Chickasaws are willing to lease, on reasonable terms, to The United States, that portion of their common territory n hich is west of the 98th degree of west longitude; and whereas the Choctaws contend, that, by a just and fair construction of the Treaty of September 27, 1830,* they are, of right, entitled to the net proceeds of the lands ceded by them to The United States, under said Treaty, and have proposed that the question of their right to the same, together with the whole subject matter of their unsettled claims, whether national or individual against The United States, arising under the various provisions of said Treaty, shall be referred to the Senate of The United States for final adjudication and adjustment, and whereas it is necessary for the simplification and better understanding of the relations between The United States and the Choctaw Indians, that all their subsisting Treaty stipulations be embodied in one comprehensive instrument: Now, therefore, The United States of America, by their Commissioner, George W. Manypenny, the Choctaws, by their Commissioners, Peter P. Pitchlynn, Israel Folsom, Samuel Garland, and Dickson W. Lewis, and the Chickasaws, by their Commission?!*. Edmund Pickens and Sampson Folsom do hereby agree and stipulate as follows, viz.:

* Vol. XIX. Page 1007.

Abt. I. The following shall constitute and remain the boundaries of the Choctaw and Chickasaw country, viz.:—Beginning at a point on the Arkansas Eiver, 100 paces out of old Fort Smith, where the western boundary line of the State of Arkansas crosses the said river, and running thence due south to Eed Eiver; thence up Red Eiver to the point where the meridian of 100° west longitude crosses the same; thence north along said meridian to the main Canadian Eiver; thence down said river to its junction with the Arkansas Eiver; thence down said river to the place of beginning.

And pursuant to an Act of Congress approved May 28, 1830, The United States do hereby for ever secure and guarantee the lands embraced within the said limits, to the members of the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes, their heirs and successors, to be held in common; so that each and every member of either tribe shall have an equal, undivided interest in the whole: Provided, however, no part thereof shall ever be sold without the consent of both tribes; and that said land shall revert to The United States if said Indians and their heirs become extinct, or abandon the same.

II. A district for the Chickasaws is hereby established, bounded as follows, to wit: beginning on the north bank of Eed Eiver, at the mouth of Island Bayou, where it empties into Eed Eiver, about 26 miles on a straight line, below the mouth of False Wachitta; thence running a north-westerly course along the main channel of said bayou, to the junction of the three prongs of said bayou, nearest the dividing ridge between Wachitta and Low Blue Eivers, as laid down on Captain E. L. Hunter's map; thence northerly along the eastern prong of Island Bayou to its source; thence duo north to the Canadian Eiver; thence west along the main Canadian to the 98th degree of west longitude; thence south to Eed Eiver; and thence down Eed Eiver to the beginning: Provided, however, if the line running due north, from the eastern source of Island Bayou, to the main Canadian, shall not include Allen's or Wa-pa-nacka Academy, within the Chickasaw district, then, an offset shall be made from said line, so as to leave said academy two miles within the Chickasaw district, north, west, and south from the lines of boundary.

III. The remainder of the country held in common by the Choctaws and Chickasaws, shall constitute the Choctaw district, and their officers and people shall at all times have the right of safe conduct and free passage through the Chickasaw district.

IV. The Government and laws now in operation and not incompatible with this instrument, shall be and remain in full force and effect within the limits of the Chickasaw district, until the Chickasaws shall adopt a constitution, and enact laws, superseding, abrogating, or changing the same. And all judicial proceedings within said district, commenced prior to the adoption of a constitution and laws by the Chickasaws, shall be conducted and determined according to existing laws.

V. The members of either the Choctaw or the Chickasaw tribe shall have the right, freely, to settle within the jurisdiction of the other, and shall thereupon be entitled to all the rights, privileges, and immunities of citizens thereof; but no member of either tribe shall be entitled to participate in the funds belonging to the other tribe. Citizens of both tribes shall have the right to institute and prosecute suits in the courts of either, under such regulations as may, from time to time, be prescribed by their respective legislatures.

VI. Any person duly charged with a criminal offence against the laws of either the Choctaw or the Chickasaw tribe, and escaping into the jurisdiction of the other, shall be promptly surrendered, upon the demand of the proper authorities of the tribe, within whose jurisdiction the offence shall be alleged to have been committed.

VII. So far as may be compatible with the constitution of The United States and the laws made in pursuance thereof, regulating trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes, the Choctaws and Chickasaws shall be secured in the unrestricted right of self-government, and full jurisdiction, over persons and property, within their respective limits; excepting, however, all persons with their property, who are not by birth, adoption, or otherwise, citizens or members of either the Choctaw or Chickasaw tribe, and all persons not being citizens or members of either tribe, found within their limits, shall be considered intruders, and be removed from, and kept out of the same, by The United States' Agent, assisted if necessary by the military, with the following exceptions, viz.: Sach individuals as are now, or may be in the employment of the Government, and their families; those peacefully travelling, or temporarily Bojourning in the country or trading therein, under licence from the proper authority of The United States, and such as may be permitted by the Choctaws or Chickasaws, with the assent of The United States' Agent, to reside within their limits, without becoming citizens or members of either of said tribes.

VIII. In consideration of the foregoing stipulations, and immediately upon the ratification of this Convention, there shall be paid to the Choctaws, in such manner as their national council shall direct, out of the national fund of the Chickasaws held in trust by The United States, the sum of 150,003 dollars.

IX. The Choctaw Indians do hereby absolutely and for ever quitclaim and relinquish to The United States all their right, title, and interest in and to any and all lands, west of the 100th degree of west longitude; and the Choctaws and Chickasaws do hereby lease to The United States all that portion of their common territory west

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