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to inflict upon us a most severe loss, under circumstances of extreme cruelty, if not in direct violation of the ordinary usages of war.

I transmit, however, for their Lordships' further information a copy of a letter which I have forwarded to Captain Fanshawe, ordering him forthwith to rejoin my flag, and calling for further explanations upon the subject.

Their Lordships will gather from the questions which I have addressed to him, the views which I am at present disposed to adopt in reference to this melancholy loss; but I abstain for the present from communication with the military authorities of tho district in the absence of further information.

I have, Ac.

T. Pkinn, Esq. B. S. DUNDAS.

(Inelosure 1.)—Captain Fanshawe to Admiral Dundas. Sir, H.M. steam-ship Cossack, -Niargen Islands, June 6, 1855.

It is with the deepest concern that I have to report to you the destruction of a cutter's crew and the officers who went into Hango with a flag of truce yesterday, the 5th instant, in order to land the three prisoners who had been taken with some merchant-vessels by Her Majesty's ships Cossack and Esk, and also four others to whom I gave a passage to Nargen, they having received their liberty from the prize officers of the vessels captured by Her Majesty's steamship Magicienne.

The ship having arrived off Hango Island yesterday forenoon, the boat was despatched at 11 A.m. in charge' of Lieutenant Geneste, with orders to land the above persons, and to return without delay, taking care that no one straggled from the boat. The officers' stewards were allowed to go in the boat on the same conditions, as was also, at his request, Mr. Easton, surgeon of this ship.

The inclosed statement of what occurred on the boat's approaching the shore, is that of the only man who has returned alive, and I have every reason to believe it correct.

rinding that the boat did not duly return, I sent the first lieutenant, about half-past 4 P.m., in the gig, also with a flag of truce, to ascertain the cause of the delay; and as neither had returned at the close of the day, I anchored with this ship and the &k in the inner roads.

The gig returned about half-past 8, after a long search, having discovered the cutter hauled within a small jetty, and containing the dead bodies of two or three of her crew.

It being then late, I made arrangements that the ship should *eigh at half-past 2 o'clock A.m., and take positions as close to the inner village and telegraph station as possible; and as I then supposed that the rest of the crew and officers had been made prisoners, I proposed to send in a letter to the nearest military authority demanding that they and the boat should be given up.

But whilst getting under way, the cutter was observed to leave the shore with one man at the stern, who was endeavouring to scull her out. I therefore immediately sent a boat to her assistance, which brought her on board, and she was found to contain the dead bodies of four of the crew, which were riddled with musket-balls.

The man who came out in the boat made the accompanying statement of the details of this atrocious massacre; he is very dangerously wounded in the right arm and shoulder, and was left for dead in the boat; but the account he gives of what he saw before he was struck down ia clear and consistent, viz.: that on the boat reaching the jetty, Lieutenant Geneste, Mr. Eaaton, Surgeon, Mr. Sullivan, Master's Assistant, and the Eussian prisoners stepped on shore, and advanced a few paces, Lieutenant Geneste carrying and waving the flag of truce. On their landing, a large party of soldiers, commanded by an officer who spoke English, appeared suddenly, and advanced in a threatening manner. The officers then pointed to the flag of truce and claimed its protection, and also endeavoured to explain the reason of their landing, but of no avail. A volley of musketry was immediately fired at them, which killed them, and also some or all of the Eussian prisoners; volleys were then fired into the boat, by which all were struck down, and the assailants then rushed into the boat and threw most of the bodies overboard, and then removed the arms and ammunition which were stowed underneath.

Neither before nor during this indiscriminate slaughter was any resistance made, nor hostile intention shown by the boat's crew with the flag of truce, the muskets that were in the boat not having been loaded, and being in the bottom of the boat; and therefore there appeared to be nothing to justify this barbarous infringement of the usages of war.

I therefore opened fire with both ships upon the place, at about 600 yards distance; but it was not returned either with rifles or artillery; and a thick fog having come on shortly afterwards, I ceased firing, and withdrew the ships, the position which they were in not being one in which they could with safety remain at anchor.

I inclose herewith the names of the officers and men who hare met their deaths on this occasion.

I have, &c.

Admiral Thimbu. E. G. FANSHAWE.

(Inclosure 2.)—List of Officers and Gutter'* Grew who were killed ct Mango on the 5th June, 1855.

(Inclosure 3.)

H.M.S. Cossack, JSango, June 6, 1855.

About a quarter to four o'clock, John Brown, ordinary seaman, after being taken to the sick bay, stated, that on the cutter, with a flag of truce flying, getting alongside the small jetty at the Tillage, the officers and liberated Russian prisoners jumped out, and Lieutenant Geneste held up the flag of truce, and told the Russians (who had assembled close to the water and on the jetty to the number of about 500, dressed as riflemen, and armed with muskets, swords, and bayonets) what it meant, and why they had landed.

The old Fin (meaning the Captain of the prize Johanna) also explained to them, but they said they did not care for flags of truce there, and would show them how to fight the Russians, or words to that effect. A volley was immediately fired at the officers and liberated prisoners, and then into the boat.

When all were supposed to be killed, the Russians jumped into the boat, and after throwing the bodies of the men lying on the arms, in the bottom of the boat, overboard, took away all the arms, magazine, &c. Brown, though dangerously wounded (having received two shots through the right fore-arm, and one in the shoulder where the bullet lodged), managed in the morning to get up and scull the cutter out. He states that when about 200 yards from the jetty, about 200 men came running down from the telegraph.

To Mr. "Wise.—I am positive that the officers were shot down at once, and before they fired into the boat.

To Mr. M'Kenna.—The Russian prisoners were also shot down while on the jetty.

To Messrs. M'Kenna and "Wise.—The boat went straight in to the landing-place. The Russians spoke English; and the person who led them, from his dress and appearance, seemed to be an officer.

Dr. Easton was the first officer who fell. The old Finnish captain took the flag of truce from Mr. Geneste, and waved it, shouting, "Flag of truce 1 Truce!" but the Russians yelled, and fired upon them. Before the men could do anything they were fired upon, and the Russians with cutlasses jumped into the boat. The Russians did not use their cutlasses.

GEO. H. L. WISE, Pat/matter.

ARTHUR M'KENNA, Assistant Surgeon. (Inclosure 4.)—General Memorandum.

Duke of Wellington, at anchor, SlE, Tolboukin Lighthouse, East 16 mile*, May 29,1855.

It is my direction that all coasting vessels, undoubtedly Russian property, which may be met with, passing and repassing within the Gulf of Finland, and not of sufficient value to be detained as prizes, are to be destroyed, but no injury is to be done to boats or small craft which may be found empty at anchor, and not trafficking.

This order, however, is not intended to preclude the exercise of the discretion of officers in special cases where the owners of vessels may be obviously poor and harmless; but the rule above ordered is to be generally observed, and made known, as far as possible, to all the owners of coasting vessels, it being the object to prevent, generally, all traffic along the coast.

To the respective Flag Officers, Captains, E. S. DTJNDAS.

Commanders, and Commanding Officers of
Her Majesty's ships and vessels under
my orders.

{Inclosure 5.)—Admiral Dundas to Captain Fanshawe.

Duke of Wellington, at anchor, Sib, Tolboukin Lighthouse, E.S.E. 3 miles, June 8,1855.

I Hate to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 6th instant, with its enclosures, reporting the painful circumstances under which a serious loss of officers and men has been sustained in consequence of a boat belonging to the ship you command having been detached for the purpose of landing and releasing prisoners upon the coast of the enemy; but much as I must regret the losses which have occurred, and sensible as I am of the distress which such occurrences are calculated to excite in the mind of any officer entrusted with command, it has nevertheless become my duty to call your attention to some important omissions in your report, and to several explanations which are necessary, not only to enable me to form a correct judgment upon the conduct of yourself and the officer who has been unfortunately sacrificed on the occasion, bat which are due also to the character of an enemy who is charged with tlie grave crimes of having violated the good faith of a flag of truce, and the indiscriminate massacre of prisoners about to be released and the unarmed and defenceless crew of a boat employed upon such a service. I have therefore to direct that you will furnish me with full and exact reports upon the following queries:

1st. What were the circumstances which rendered it necessary to select an opportunity for landing the prisoners in question when the boat was unsupported by the immediate presence of the ship you command, and when the display of a flag of truce from her own mast-head would have obviated all misunderstanding as to her object?

2nd. What were the particular instructions given to the officer in charge of the boat, and what opportunities were afforded to the enemy to grant or to reject conditions of truce before the party had actually landed upon his coast?

3rd. What was the distance of the boat from the ship when last seen previous to her landing, and what at that time was her distance from shore?

4th. When and at what distance from the shore was a flag of truce first displayed, and were any blank guns or muskets fired at the moment, and is the officer in charge of the boat supposed to have had any reason for believing it to have been acknowledged by the enemy on shore?

.5th. At what distance from the shore were the riflemen of the enemy first seen on the "jetty" by the crew of the Cossack's cutter.

6th. Was any assent, implied or understood, supposed to have been granted by the Eussian officer on shore to the landing of the prisoners or crew?

In directing your attention to the importance of accurate replies to the foregoing queries, I have to remind you that the spot at which these melancholy losses have been sustained had been recently visited by the ship you command, and acts,of hostility had been committed in that vicinity. There was, therefore, good reason to consider that the attention of the enemy might be directed to its protection, and every proper precaution should have been taken. I cannot but regret, therefore, that persons whose services were not necessary on the occasion were permitted to proceed in the Cossack's boat; and I have to remark that such permission was not calculated to impress upon others the importance of proper vigilance and of due attention to forms in communicating by flag of truce.

On the receipt of this letter you will repair immediately to this anchorage to rejoin my flag. I am, &c.

Captain Fanshawe. E. S. DTJNDAS.

No. 2.—Admiral Dundas to the Secretary of the Admiralty.

Duke of Wellington, at anchor, Sib, Tolboukin Lighthouse, E.S.E. 3 miles, June 11,1855.

I HAVE to report, for the information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that Her Majesty's ship Cossack rejoined me this morning, and I have now the honour to transmit, for their Lordships' information, further reports, which I have received from Captain [1856-57. Ilvii.] 4 G

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