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"thfe Mission, frnd to give rise to so much trouble; but they were not aware of the fact that persons seek the asylum of the Mission -premises, not against injustice, but to procure an increase of pay, or station, or with some other idea, and in this way caused annoyance. 'At nil events I am always ready to discuss, in this present case or in any other, either verbally or iu writing, when your Excellency has just arguments to advance, and I am prepared to trouble you with verbal communications.

No. 54.—The Earl of Clarendon to Mr. Murray. (Extract.) Foreign Office, January 4,1856.

I Have received your despatches of the 17th and 20th of November, reporting in detail your differences with the Persian Government on account of their refusal to acknowledge Hnshem Khan as British Agent at Shiraz; and I have to acquaint you that Her Majesty's Government approve of your striking your flag and no longer listening to the request for delay before resorting to that measure.

C. A. Murray, Esq. CLARENDON.

So. 55.—Lord Stratford de Redcliffe to the Earl of Clarendon.

(Beceived January 14.) My Lohd, Constantinople, January 8,1856.

TnE Persian Charge d'Affaires, acting under the instructions of his Government, sought an interview with me the day before yesterday. His object was to deliver a letter and accompanying note addressed to me by the Persian Grand Vizier, with reference to Mr. Murray's late proceedings and their present termination in his departure from Persia. He had no authority to enter into the merits of the question with me, and your Lordship is aware that I have no such authority myself. He expressed the deepest regret that any misunderstanding should have taken place between his Government and Her Majesty's Representative. It was evidently expected that I should interfere to effect a reconciliation without any surrender of the Persian pretensiou. It would, indeed, be highly gratifying to me if I could in nny becoming way be instrumental to the re-establishment, on proper grounds, of a good understanding between the estranged parties; and I am persuaded that the French Ambassador would willingly assist in the accomplishment of so good a work. Having occasion to see his Excellency yesterday, I found the Persian Charge d'Affuires engaged in talking over the subjeot with him, and I availed myself of the opportunity to repeat what I had stated before to the latter, namely, that I had no control over Mr. Murray's proceedings, that I joined with him in regretting an incident which was anything but opportune, and could only hope that the Persian Government would prove the sincerity of its assurances by enabling Mr. Murray to return to Tehran with satisfaction, reserving the power, if necessary and desirable, of appealing to Her Majesty's Government for a final decision on the point in dispute.

Inclosed herewith, in copy, are the letters which I have received from the Persian Sadr Azim. A rumour prevails that Mr. Murray is on his way to Samsoon. I have, &c.

Tie Earl of Clarendon. STRATFOED DE REDCLIFFE.

(Ineloturt.)The Persian Prime Minister to Lord Stratford de


(Translation.) 18 Bebiul-evvel, 1272. {November 29, 1855.)

The intelligence of your Excellency's personal well-being, and the reputation of your distinguished qualities, have encouraged me, who from my first entrance upon the duties of my high office up to the prcs?nt time, have been constantly and most cordially endeavouring to strengthen the relations of friendship between the Governments of Persia and England, to bring those circumstances to your notice which I have deemed hostile to the continuance of that friendship, and which must appear most critical in the eyes of every thinking and intelligent person; and in this sense I beg to appeal to the sagacity of your Excellency for assistance. I had previously communicated to ynu the conduct of former British Agents, and to that representation answer was made that a new English Minister had been appointed: from this nomination I had entertained strong hopes of compensation for the past and improvement for the future. Indeed, upon Mr. Murray's arrival in Tehran, bis conduct, as long as he was actuated by his own sincerity, justified vour Excellency's promise; but a change speedily took place under the influence of interested followers, and the line of conduct above alluded to became but more pronounced. On the 18th Zilliidge I addressed a second document, being an instruction to Meerza Ahmed Khan, the Persian Charge d'Affaires at Constantinople, in which he was directed to bring these particulars to the notice of vonr Excellency. For our part, in conducting ourselves in a spirit of acquiescence towards Mr. Murray, and in acting upon his representations, we used the utmost exertions in our power to avoid the possibility of any injury occuring to the friendship of the 2 countries from the hardness with which that Minister bore upon us; but, alas! all these endeavours of mine have proved fruitless. Whatever difference former Agents may have had with us, their coldness never Ms such as to close the path of satisfaction; the present Minister, hoTever, will not meet our advances in the course of reconciliation, hut, by his violent and untenable proposition?, which it is impossible for this country to accept, as being in many ways ruinous to its

interests, and which involve no possible difference or advantage to England, he has broken off his relations with the Persian Government. There are thus no means left us for explaining the circumstances except by sending the entire correspondence between the Persian Government and Mr. Murray to Meerza Ahmed Khan, for communication to your Excellency. That Mr. Murray, unacquainted as he is with the practices and tenets of this country, solely influenced by a desire to satisfy the people about him, aud earning out their interested objects, should have so easily disregarded a friendship of so many years' duration, has caused the most profound regret to the Persian Government; yet I derive consolation from 2 circumstances—the one being the judgment and clear-sightedness of the British Government, and their appreciation of the nature aud extent of that friendship which it has for so many years been tbe endeavour of both parties to cherish; the other is based upon the justice of your Excellency and your efficacious and powerful goodwill, which I specially invoke, under present circumstances, iu order most effectually to counterbalance the recent conduct of British Agents, by an appeal to a statesman of such distinguished reputation. I am convinced that the British Government, appreciating as it does the maintenance of mutual friendship, will not confirm the propositions in question, which, besides their casting slight and discredit on Persia, are without doubt of such a nature that she cannot entertain them; and that you, who have rendered your justice, integrity, and goodwill so universally celebrated, will not in any way approve of such a proceeding aa that the friendly relations of the 2 countries should in this manner be neglected and thrown back without cause. Lord Stratford de Eedcliffe. (Seal of the Meerza Agha Khan.)

Translation of a Note accompanying the above Letter. After Compliments, 20 Rebiul-evvel, 1272.

With reference to the lady in question, to Mr. Murray's business, and to his unjustifiable termination of our relations, I shall appear upon due reflection to have performed a great service, and evinced strong proof of goodwill towards the 2 countries. Meerza Ahmed Khan will inform your Excellency of all the particulars, and will place in your hands the originals of documents issuing from the most noted Ulemah of the capital. You will know what a serious affair took place here in the time of his deceased Majesty, Fatteh Ali Shah, about a Georgian girl; and also how vigilant an attention I have paid to the safety of the British Mission in an affair as serious as the present one, when the honour of the Sovereign is in question, when all the Ulemahs have come forward iu writing, and when the city populace have risen in tumult. For the particulars, I beg again to refer you to the statements of Meerua Ahmed Khan. Further I will not trouble you.

So. 56 — Mr. Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.—(Rec. Jan. 22,1856.) (Extract.) Tehran, November 28, 1855.

I Bati the honour to inclose, for your Lordship's information, copies of the correspondence that has taken place respecting the case of .Meerza Haaheiu Khan, and the suspension of diplomatic relations, from which your Lordship will see that the Persian Ministers having dragged the Shah personally into the arena of disea-ision, the rupture has been thereby widened, and an amicable solution rendered more difficult.

His Majesty's first autograph letter (Inclosure No. 3) contained some expressions respecting Mr. Consul Stevens, in reply to which, in my letter (Inclosure No. 5), I animadverted with some severity on the conduct of His Majesty's Minister. The Shah, in his second autograph letter (Inclosure No. 8), omits all the customary forms of courtesy employed here in speaking of a foreign Minister, and speaks of me as "Mr. Murray." He complains of my recommencing correspondence while my flag is struck, forgetting that he bad been the cause of it by writing a long letter himself, and causing his foreign Minister to write another, after I had suspended diplomatic relations: be orders my last despatch to be Bent back, and in the body of his letter he endorses and sanctions the offensive calumnies previously propagated by his Minister, in writing those words quoted in the inclosure, " Mr. Murray's object is this, forcibly to take (or carry off) the sister of my wife." My last reply to His Majesty's letter (Inclosure No. 9) was refused admission, and brought back by my messenger, who succeeded, however, on the following morning in placing it in the Foreign Minister's hands.

On the morning of the 23rd, the Sadr Azim's confidant (Meer Alee Nekkee Khan), called on me about 10. He told me that three hours previously he had seen the Sadr, and had found him in very low spirits, and that his Highness had said to him that he must put an end to this unpleasant difference, and that he should call on me in the course of the day and make the required reparation. The fact of his having that intention must have been known at the palace, for the Ferrashes who accompanied Meer Alee Nekkee Khan told my servants that the Sadr was coming down to pay me a visit. He did not come, however.

The Sadr Azim gives out that he has sent to Europe (probably thereby meauing to London and Paris) such complaints and charges against myself, and also against Mr. Consul Stevens, as cannot fail to bring both to disgrace. I am not the least afraid of what his Highness can write to any quarter where calumny is despised and falsehood easily detected. Your Lordship will, unless some of my despatches miscarry, have before you the whole correspondence that has pasged on this subject; you will see the affronts offered to the Mission; the insults and calumnies directed against myself; the infructuous pains that I took to accommodate matters before striking my flag; and if I am not mistaken in the sentiments of your Lordship and Her Majesty's Government, I should have deservedly been recalled from this post, had I failed in resenting as I have done tho illegal proceedings and offensive language of the Persian Government.

The Earl of Clarendon. CH. A. MUEEAY.

(Inalosure 1.)—Mr. Murray to the Persian Minister for Foreign


Excellency, Nominler 20,1855.

Tub conduct of the Persian Government, having rendered (necessary) the lowering of the flag of this Mission, and the interruption of diplomatic relations between the 2 countries, according to the contents of my despatch written to the Sadr Azim on Saturday last, and to the verbal messages conveyed to hig Highness yesterday, I beg to inform your Excellency that it is my intention to withdraw the British Mission to the Turkish territory; and I shall be obliged if the Persian Government will designate a Mehmandar to accompany me to the Persian frontier, as soou as my preparations for departure are completed. I beg also to inform your Excellency that during the absence of the Mission, Her Britannic Majesty's Consul will remain at Tehran, and all the affairs and claims of British subjects, or persons enjoying British protection, will ba placed undor his charge.


(jLnclosure 2.)—The Persian Minister for Foreign Affairs to

Mr. Murray.

(Translation.) November 23, 1855.

Aftee all the expressions of friendship of the Persian Ministers, and after all their endeavours to maintain the friendly relations between Persia and England, your Excellency has, contrary to m,y hopes, broken off diplomatic relations and asked for a Mehmandar. It is with regret that I have to state, in reply, that as the Persiau Ministers have submitted, as far as is in their power to your Excellency's propositions, which are unjust, and have evinced moderation, and as you, notwithstanding \\\\$, have persisted in suspending relations, ths Persian Ministers are compelled to nominate Hadcu Khan, Colonel, to be your Mehmandar.

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