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a letter which I had prepared, demanding that the vessels should he given up with their sails and rigging.
At some distance from the upper end of the town, I was met by a boat bearing a flag of truce, in which were two persons in plain clothes, one of whom called himself the burgomaster.
This person told me there was no one in the place who understood English; I did not therefore deliver the letter; I made my demands verbally; he appeared to perfectly understand them, and agreed to my taking the vessels out, and promised that the sails and rigging should be sent out.
He then returned to the shore. I hauled down the flag of truce, and sent the boats, under the first lieutenant, to bring out the nearest vessel, wnich waB lying a little further out than where the parley took place.
Whilst in the act of casting her off from the shore, a fire of musketry was poured into the boats by men concealed in the houses along both sides of the creek or harbour.
This was replied to by the men in the boats, and several soldiers who exposed themselves were seen to fall; but as the enemy were mostly under cover, and taking us in front and rear, they could be dislodged only by landing, which I did not think it advisable to attempt, and therefore withdrew the boats to a safer position; from whence I sent the first lieutenant to destroy the two vessels further out, and opened fire upon the town with 24 and 121b. rockets from the boats.
When the enemy commenced firing on the boats, the second lieutenant left in command of the ship opened a well-directed fire from the guns, throwing shot and shell over the boats into the town.
After continuing the fire for an hour and a half, and throwing some 80 shot and shell into the place, besides the rockets, none of which, however, took effect in setting the town on fire, I ceased firing, weighed, and steamed out of the bay.
I have to regret that in this affair the carpenter and five men were wounded, two of the latter mortally.
The following evening I anchored inside the islands off Christianstad, where George Bucket ts, A.B., and Colin Smith, ordinary, breathed their last.
On the 5th instant I weighed and stood out to the westward.
On the 6th captured a small sloop partly laden with salt; destroyed the sloop, and put the salt into the Pallas prize.
On the 9th I captured a small sloop, but finding her not engaged in trade, and apparently the property of very poor persons, let her
Captain Warden. A. H. GABDNEB.
CORRESPONDENCE between Great Britain and The United States, respecting the Arrest and Imprisonment of American Citizens (Messrs. Bergen, Ryan and others), in Ireland. —1848.
(1.)—Viscount Paimersion to Mr. Bancroft. Sib, Foreign Office, August 21,1848.
I Hate the honour to inclose, herewith, a copy of a memorandum 1 which was drawn up by Mr. Bedington, the Under Secretary for Ireland, and which has been communicated to me by Sir George Grey, Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department.
This memorandum contains an account of the circumstances under which 5 American gentlemen were arrested at Armagh, on Sunday, the 13th instant, in consequence of its being supposed that they were some of those numerous parties who have lately come from The United States for the purpose of exciting rebellion in Ireland; but as soon as it was ascertained, by competent authority, that they were persons travelling for pleasure, they were released.
In transmitting to you this memorandum, I have to express the regret of Her Majesty's Government that measures of precaution, which have become necessary for the safety of the country, should, in their execution, have been productive of unintended inconvenience to gentlemen travelling merely for their own lawful purposes. I have, &c. O. Bancroft, Esq. PALMEBSTON.
(Inclosure.)—Memorandum drawn up by the Under Secretary for
Dublin Castle, August 15,184S. In consequence of information received by the Irish Government, that a considerable number of citizens of The United States, and others from America, might be expected in Ireland as agents of the sympathisers with the revolutionary party in this country, and for the purpose of forwarding the treasonable designs of the disaffected, it became necessary that a strict watch should be placed upon all persons arriving from, or who appeared to be inhabitant of The United States. There was, moreover, reason to believe, that • many of those persons would appear in the character of disappointed emigrants, while many who, it was reported, had volunteered to come over and superintend the military organization here, were officers and men who had recently served in the Mexican war. Under these circumstances the order No. 1 was issued by Colond McGregor. A circular had also been some time previously issued to the magistrates, calling their attention to 50 Geo. III., C. KB>
sec. 7, under which strangers may be examined, detained, and required to give security for good behaviour.
On Sunday, the 13th instant, 5 American gentlemen, named W. A. Newbold, Franklin Taylor, Thomas N. Taylor, George S. Pepper, and Frederick Pepper, were arrested by Sub-Inspector Kelly, at Armagh, and brought before the magistrates, who, feeling a difficulty as to the course to be pursued, and the gentlemen detained stating that much inconvenience would be experienced by them if they were not allowed to proceed at once to Liverpool, it was arranged that the sub-inspector should proceed in charge of the party to Dublin. Immediately that the case was reported to me, on yesterday morning, finding that there were no grounds of suspecting these gentlemen to be connected with treasonable proceedings, I directed their discharge.
Later in the day, the three first-named gentlemen called at my office, and I had a long interview with them. They expressed a desire to be furnished with a copy of the circular issued by Colonel McGregor, or the orders of the Government under which they were arrested, as they wished to make a communication on the case to their Minister in London. I stated that I regretted they should have been thus inconvenienced, that, however, the state of the eountry was such as to render these stringent regulations necessary, and that they must be satisfied that no unnecessary delay had taken place, when the matter was brought under the notice of the Government in directing their liberation; but that I did not feel it consistent with my duty to give them a copy of the order referred to, being a document issued by a department of the Government for the instruction and guidance of its subordinates. They said they felt annoyed at being subjected to such treatment without having any previous notice that travellers were liable to be thus arrested, and that their principal object in wishing to send a copy of the order to their Minister in London was, that such of their countrymen as were travelling in Europe, and might desire to visit Ireland, should be aware of the risks they incurred in coming here. I replied, that I must still decline to comply with their request. I explained to them that there were laws in this country which affected strangers sojourning or wandering through the country, which, in more settled times, were seldom put in operation, but which, at present, it had become necessary rigidly to enforce. They stated that they were in no way connected with the sympathising demonstrations' in America, nor was their visit connected with any political matter. I stated that I was fully satisfied of that, and had, immediately on being informed of the case, directed their discharge from arrest.
Having intimated that, when questioned at Armagh as to their journey and its objects, tbey had produced passports showing that they had spent the last few months on the continent of Europe, I assured them that I did not doubt the truth of their statement, but that I could not undertake to admit the production of such documents generally as conclusive evidence either of the identity or of the previous movements of the parties who presented them; adding that there was at present confined in one of the prisons here a person who stated that he had just returned from America, where he resided, and offered evidence of the fact, while on the following day or so two gentlemen arrived from England stating that he was the ordinary medical attendant of one of them, and living in Liverpool, and that the story of his having been in America was false. They complained of the order of 2nd August particularising Americans, on which I reminded them, although I did not accuse The United States' Government, or American-born citizens of the Republic of forwarding the Irish revolutionary movement, yet that they must be aware that at this moment an association existed in that country, composed of persons admitted to American citizenship, who were actively engaged in organizing means for overthrowing the sovereignty of Her Majesty Queen Victoria in this country; and that, therefore, however much I regretted persona having no such evil intentions being inconvenienced, yet they must not be surprised at the attention and measures of the Government being particularly directed to the proceedings of persons from America landing in this country.
After some further observations on the inconvenience thus occasioned to travellers in a country where, like their own, the circulation had hitherto been unrestricted, and the impossibility of protecting themselves against such annoyances where no passport system existed, they retired, expressing to me their opinion that some notice of the measures thus directed to be taken against Americans should have been communicated to Mr. Bancroft, for his information, and that of their fellow-citizens visiting this country.
(2.)—Mr. Brodhead to Mr. Bedington. Sib, London, Auyiut 30,1848.
In the absence of Mr. Bancroft, who is in Scotland, I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 28th of this month, forwarding a letter addressed to Mr. Bancroft by Mr. James Bergen, of New York, now confined in Newgate Prison, Dublin.
I have this day transmitted these letters to the Minister for his consideration, and await his directions thereupon.
I cannot but avail myself of this occasion, however, to state to you that Mr. Bancroft has ascertained that Mr. Bergen, who is an American citizen by birth, is an insurance broker, doing business in New York, that he came over to this country to see if he could find business at Liverpool, &c, and had already decided to return to America, when he was suddenly and unexpectedly arrested while on a visit to Dublin, and that Mr. Bancroft has been told by some of his countrymen, who saw Mr. Bergen in Ireland till a few hours before his arrest, tliat they could discover nothing about him that had the least aspect of fomenting discontent.
Under these circumstances, Mr. Bancroft writes to me that, while we would not interfere if Mr. Bergen were chargeable with any offences committed in Ireland, yet that, as we believe, he came here solely for business purposes, and was, at the time of his arrest, on the point of embarking for America, we cannot but hope the authorities in Ireland will offer no further obstruction to Mr. Bergen's return to his native land. I have, &c.
T. Uedington, Esq. JOHN E. BEODHEAD.
(3.)—Mr. Toucey to Mr. Bancroft. Sib, Washington, September 4, 1848.
HAYmro been appointed Secretary of State ad interim, during the temporary absence of Mr. Buchanan, I am directed by the President to call your attention to the condition of those American citizens who have been arrested and held for trial under the charge of sedition or treason, for interference in the affairs of Ireland.
The department has no official knowledge of any such arrest or interference, nor any information on the subject, except such as is before the public. I am not, therefore, able to furnish you with a list of names, or to aid your inquiries; yet so much has transpired through the public journals as to induce the belief that such arrests have taken place, and to make it expedient that they should attract some official notice.
If, upon inquiry, it shall be ascertained that any such arrests have occurred, it will be right, and the duty of the Government to see that the persons arrested have the full benefit of legal defence. And it may be, and in the present instance is, its duty also, to interpose its good offices in their behalf, beyond the strict limit of securing for them a full and fair trial.
It is the wish of the President, and he instructs you to urge upon the British Government the adoption of a magnanimous and merciful course towards these men, who have been implicated in the late disturbances in Ireland. The calamities which have recently befallen her starving population by the dispensation of Providence in the destruction of her crops, the close bonds of sympathy between them