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and a large class who have removed and established themselves permanently in America, the national sympathy which has been extensively manifested in acts of charity and good will towards the Irish people, and the unsettled state of so large a portion of the civilized world, constitute a series of exciting causes so powerful as to render it hardly possible that au interference or outbreak to some extent should not have taken place.
But the power of the British Government is so great that it can well afford to be magnanimous. Perhaps no act on its part would have so happy an effect, or would be received by other nations with more universal approbation, than an act of general amnesty. "While the Government of The United States disclaims any right to interfere on behalf of British subjects, it is at liberty to say that such an act, so far as it embraces the case of our own citizens, would be regarded with particular favour. And should an act of grace and pardon, extended to our own citizens, be deemed to carry along with it the necessity of similar favour to British subjects in Ireland, it is believed that that necessity would constitute no objection to the measure, but would redound to the honour of Great Britain in the estimation of the wise and good in all ages.
It is the desire of the President that this subject be presented to Her Majesty's Government with great delicacy, and pressed by all the considerations that may occur to you and appropriately belong to it. I am, <fcc.
Q. Bancroft, Esq. ISAAC TOUCEY.
(4.)—Mr. Bancroft to Viscount Palmerston. My Lobd, 108, Eaton Square, September 6, 1848.
I Desiee to bring to your Lordship's knowledge that Mr. James Bergen, now held imprisoned in Ireland, is an American citizen, born in New England, and as such entitled to the protection which his country can afford him in a foreign land.
Mr. Bergen is a married man, with a wife and children in America dependent on him for their support, and he was arrested in Dublin for causes to him unknown, just as he was preparing to return to The United States.
I beg to be informed why he was thus suddenly taken into custody; and to request that he may enjoy such privilege of egress from this kingdom as belongs of right to foreigners who come to Her Majesty's dominions to engage in lawful pursuits connected with the commerce of the two countries. I have, &c.
Viscount Palmerston, O.C.B. GEOBGE BANCBOFT.
(5.)—Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Bancroft. Sib, Washington, September 7,1848.
Bt an accident, I am enabled to communicate to you some facta which you will doubtless consider of an extraordinary character, and which it may, perhaps, be useful for you to be apprised of, as our Minister at the Court of Great Britain and Ireland.
On the 2nd of August last, a general order (printed) was issued by Colonel McGregor, the head of the constabulary in Dublin, to the various officers under his authority, directing them to arrest all persons " coming from America," to seize, search, and examine their luggage, their persons, and the lining of their clothing. It allows no discretion to the agents of the police, nor does it even authorize that such persons arrested should be restored to their liberty in case of there being no ground for suspicion against them. Thus, you will perceive, Sir, that citizens of our republican land, those, too, tainted with the circumstance of having come from there, even when conducting themselves peaceably and inoffensively, and not interfering in political questions here, were ordered by this Government to be incarcerated at pleasure, and for an indefinite period.
On the 18tb of August this order was modified, Bo as to limit the arrest and incarceration, seizure and search, to returned emigrants and "those Americans against whom there may exist suspicion." If nothing should be found to warrant such suspicion, these latter were to be liberated, but watched. This order is the last upon this subject. I have seen and read both of those orders attentively, and you may rely upon the perfect accuracy and precision of what I have stated.
I have felt it my duty to make this communication to you, as the Representative abroad of the rights of our country and our people, to the end that you may know what steps have been taken by the Government of Great Britain to deprive, at one time, all Americans of their personal liberty and the ordinary privileges and rights extended to foreigners against whom there may have been no charge, no complaint, no suspicion; now, indeed, so limited as to affect more particularly our naturalized citizens who may have come here on peaceful pursuits, of pleasure or business, relying upon the protection of their adopted country. These proceedings are relics of ancient barbarism, as well as a violation of the Treaty stipulations usual among all civilized nations. I am, &c.
Q. Bancroft, Esq. JAMES BUCHANAN.
[The writer of the letter, of which the foregoing is a copy, is well known to me. J. B.]
(6.)—Mr. 'Bancroft to Mr. Buchanan.
London, September 8,1848. I Htclose a copy of an Act of Parliament, passed on the 25th of July, 1848,* "to empower the Lord Lieutenant or other Chief Governor or Governors of Ireland to apprehend and detain, until the 1st day of March, 1849, such persons as he or they may suspect of conspiring against Her Majesty's person and Government," which confers for a time arbitrary and unlimited powers of detention on the Irish Government. Under this law several Americans have been arrested. Some have been promptly released, some are still detained in custody. I have had interviews on the subject at the Foreign Office and at the Home Office. A readiness is avowed to recede where the arrests are founded on mistake. As to those, if any such there be, who took part in Ireland in the abortive insurrection, I believe no intention exists of adopting extreme measures towards them. I annex a copy of a note to Lord Falmerston on the incarceration of Mr. James Bergen.
J. Buchanan, Esq. GEOEGE BANCBOFT.
(7.)—Mr. Bedington to Mr. Brodhead. Sib, Dublin Castle, September 9,1848.
I Am directed by his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 30th ultimo, and with reference to the case of Mr. James Bergen, beg to inform you that that gentleman has been detained in custody by the warrant of the Lord Lieutenant, under 11 Victoria, cap. 35, being charged with treasonable practices. Under these circumstances his Excellency regrets that he cannot at present direct any steps to be taken for the release of Mr. Bergen.
I am further directed by the Lord Lieutenant to state that the result of inquiries made in reference to Mr. Bergen leads his Excellency to believe that that gentleman is a subject of Her Majesty. I have, &c.
J. B. Brodhead, Esq. TH. EEDLNGTON.
(8.)—Viscount Palmerston to Mr. Bancroft. SlE, Foreign Office, September 11, 1S48.
I Hate the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 6th instant, stating that Mr. James Bergen, an American citizen, has been imprisoned in Ireland for reasons not known to him; and requesting that you may be informed why Mr. Bergen was taken into custody, and also that he may be allowed to leaTe this kingdom.
• 11 & 12 Tic. cap. 85. Page 1244.
And I have to inform you that I have not failed to send a copy of your letter to Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department for his consideration.
I have, &c.
6. Bancroft, Esq. PALMERSTON.
(9.)—Mr. Bancroft to Viscount Palmerston. Mt Lohd, 108, Eaton Square, September 12,1848.
I Hate received from some of my countrymen, who are well known to me, various statements of measures authorized to be adopted in Ireland, towards my fellow-citizens of the American Republic. These statements are of such a nature as to make me desire from Her Majesty's Government exact information on the subject; and, to that end, I ask for a full copy of the order issued on the 2nd day of August last, by Colonel McGregor, the head of the constabulary in Dublin, in reference to the arrest of persons coming from America, and also a copy of an order on the same subject of the 18th of August last.
I do this that I may be able to give proper advice to my countrymen, and exact information to the American Government.
I have, &c.
Viscount Palmerston, Q.C.B. GEOEGE BANCROFT.
(10.)—Mr. Bancroft to Viscount Palmerston. Mx Lord, 108, Eaton Sq uare, September 12, 1848.
I Leaen that Mr. Eichard P. Eyan, a citizen of the United States of America, and resident in the State of Ohio, is detained in prison in Dublin. He has, I understand, a passport from the American Secretary of State; and I have received also, respecting him, a letter from a distinguished member of The United States' Senate, of which I annex a copy. I am bound to ask the cause of his detention, and to express a hope that he may be released.
I have, &c.
Viscount Palmerston, Q.C.B. GEOEGE BANCROFT.
(Jnclosure.)—Mr. Hannegan to Mr. Bancroft. Deab Sib, Washington, May 16,1848.
This will be handed you by Richard F. Ryan, Esq., a citizen of Ohio, and a member of the Cincinnati bar. He is a gentleman of high standing and fine acquirements, and I take pleasure in commending him to your friendly offices.
Very respectfully, Ac. O. Bancroft, Esq. E. A. HANNEGAN.
(11.)—Viscount Palmergton to Mr. Bancroft. Sib, Foreign Office, September 16,1848.
I Hate the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 12th instant, requesting information as to the nature of the measures which have been adopted by the authorities in Ireland towards citizens of The United States, and as to the grounds upon which Mr. Richard Ryan has been imprisoned in Dublin; and I have to inform you that I have lost no time in referring your inquiries upon these matters to Her Majesty's Secretary of State for the Home Department. I have, &c.
G. Bancroft, Esq. PALMERSTON.
(12.)—Mr. Brodhead to Mr. Redington.
108, Eaton Square, September 23, 1S48.
Mb. Bbodhead presents his compliments to Mr. Redington, and is desired by the American Minister to request that Mr. Redington will cause the inclosed letter to be conveyed to Mr. James Bergen, now detained in Newgate Prison, Dublin.
With reference to the allegation in Mr. Redington's letter of the 9th instant, that the result of the inquiries made in reference to Mr. Bergen leads to the belief that the gentleman is a subject of Her Majesty, Mr. Brodhead is further desired to state that Mr. Bergen was born in the State of Connecticut, is a citizen of the United States of America, has never renounced his allegiance to The United States, and has never been naturalized in Ireland or any part of Her Majesty's dominions.
T. Redington, Esq. JOHN R. BRODHEAD.
(Inclosure.)—Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Bergen. Stb, London, September 23,1848.
I Beo leave to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 21st instant, and in reply, to inform you that at my request Mr. Brodhead had an interview with one of the Under Secretaries of State with reference to your detention in Newgate, Dublin; that I have myself several times called at the Foreign Office and at the Home Office on the same subject; and that I have also addressed an official note to Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, setting forth that you are an American citizen, born in New England; that you have a wife and children in America dependent on yourself for support; that you were arrested in Dublin, for causes to yourself unknown, just as you were about returning to The United States; and requesting to be informed why yon were thus suddenly taken into custody, and also that you may hare