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from the residence of the Consuls such particular places as they think proper.

The archives and papers of the Consuls of the Contracting Parties shall be inviolably respected, and upon no pretext can any public employe or any local authority take possession of the said archives and papers, nor interfere with them in the slightest manner.

The Consuls of the States of the Zollverein in the Argentine Confederation, shall enjoy all the privileges, exemptions, and immunities which are conceded or may be conceded, to Consuls of the same rank of the most favoured nation, and in like manner the Consuls of the Argentine Confederation in the territories of the States of the Zollverein shall enjoy with the most scrupulous reciprocity all the privileges, exemptions, and immunities which are conceded or may be conceded in the States of the Zollverein to the Consuls of the most favoured nation.

XII. For the greater security of commerce between the Argentine Confederation and the States of the Zollverein, it is agreed that in any case in which any interruption of the friendly relations of commerce may unfortunately occur, or in case of a rupture between the two Contracting Parties, the citizens and subjects of either of them residing in the territories or States of the other, shall have the privilege of remaining and continuing their trade or occupation therein, without any interruption, so long as they shall conduct themselves peaceably and not transgress the laws in any way, and their property and effects, whether intrusted to private individuals or to the State, shall not be subject to embargo or sequestration, or any other exaction than such as may be made in respect of the same class of property or effects belonging to natives of the respective States.

XIII. The citizens of the Argentine Confederation and the subjects of the States of the Zollverein respectively residing in the territories of the other Contracting Party, shall enjoy in their houses, persons, and property the complete protection of the Government. They shall not be disturbed, molested, or inconvenienced in any manner on account of their religion, and shall have perfect liberty of conscience, provided that they duly respect the religion and customs of the country in which they reside, and abstain from interference therein.

With regard to the celebration of worship in accordance with the rites and ceremonies of their own church, whether in private houses or in their own churches and chapels; with regard to the right of building and supporting such churches and chapels; and 6nally with regard to the right of acquiring, occupying, and maintaining sites for their own cemeteries, the citizens and subjects of each of the Con[1856-57. Xlvii.] 4 N

tracting Parties who reside in the territories and dominions of the other, shall enjoy the same liberty and the same rights, and the same protection shall be granted to them as to the citizens and subjects of the most favoured nation.

XIV. The present Treaty shall be in force for the space of 8 years from this date, and further until 12 months more after one of the Contracting Parties shall have given notice to the other of its intention to terminate it, each of the Contracting Parties reserving to itself the right of giving the other such notice at the expiration of the said period of 8 years or at any time thereafter.

And it is hereby stipulated between them that at the expiration of 12 months after the receipt of such notice this Treaty and all its stipulations shall cease and be entirely at an end.

XV. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged within the space of two years from its date, in the place of the residence of the Government of the Argentine Confederation.

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries hare signed this Treaty, and affixed their seals thereto in the City of Parana the 19th of September, 1857.

(L.S.) BEENABE LOPEZ. (L S.) H. H FBIEDEICH VON GULICH.

Sepaeate Aeticle

To Article III of the Treaty.

The stipulations of Article III of the Treaty concluded and signed this day between the Argentine Confederation and the States of the Zollverein, shall also extend to the dues which the Government of the Kingdom of Hanover collects under the denomination of Brunshausen (formerly Stade) dues, so that the vessels of the Confederation with their cargoes shall be treated in the same manner with respect to those dues as the vessels of the Kingdom of Hanover itself, and their cargoes arc treated, it being understood that the acceptance of this Article on the part of the Argentine Confederation, and for the duration of the Treaty, does not imply in any manner the recognition of the principle, that the freedom of rivers being one of the bases of public right in the Argentine Confederation.

This Separate Article shall have the same force and validity as if it had been inserted word for word in the Treaty signed at this date.

Tt shall be ratified and the ratifications shall be exchanged at

the same time.

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries sign the

same, and affix their seals thereto, in the City of Parana, on the 19th of September, 1857.

(L.S.) BERNABE LOPEZ. (L.S.) H. H. FRIEDRICH VON GULICH.

CONCORDAT between Rome and Wurtemberg.Signed at

Rome, April 8, 1857. (Translation.) —

In the name of the Most Holy and Indivisible Trinity.

His Holiness the Supreme Pontiff Pius IX, and his Most Serene Majesty "William I, King of Wurtemberg, being desirous of settling the affairs of the Roman Catholic Church in the kingdom of Wurtemberg, have appointed their Plenipotentiaries, that is to say:

His Holiness, his Eminence, Charles Augustus, of the Holy. Roman Church, by the title of St. Anastasia, Cardinal Priest do Reisach;

And his Majesty the King of Wurtemberg, the noblo Adolphus Baron de Ow, his Minister Plenipotentiary to his Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, the Emperor of Austria, and Privy Councillor of Legation.

Which Plenipotentiaries having reciprocally exchanged their respective authentic and legitimate full powers, have agreed upon the following Articles:

Abt. I. Respecting appointments to the Episcopal See of Rothenburg, and to the canonries and prebends of the Cathedral Church, those arrangements only shall be observed which have already been agreed upon with the Holy See.

II. Before the bishop assumes his government, he shall take before Hia Majesty an oath of fidelity expressed in the following words:

"I swear and promise on the Holy Gospels of God, as becomes a bishop, obedience and fidelity to His Majesty and his successors; I also swear and promise that I will hold no communication and take part in no counsel which may be injurious to the public tranquillity, that I will maintain no suspicious connections either within or beyond the limits of the Kingdom; and that if I •hould know of any public danger impending, I will do all I can to avert it."

III. The Royal Government shall not fail in the obligation, which it has always recognised, of endowing the bishopric with real property as soon as the circumstances of the time shall admit.

IV. In the government of his diocose the bishop shall bo frco to exercise all the rights which belong to him in virtue of his pastoral office, or by the declaration or disposition of the sacred canons, according to the present discipline of the Church approved by the Holy See; and especially,

a. To confer all benefices except those which are subject to a right of patronage legitimately acquired.

b. To choose, nominate or confirm his vicar-general, and the extraordinary counsellors or assessors of the Ordinary, as well aa the rural deans.

c. To prescribe, fix, and direct the examinations, as well of students to be received into the seminaries as of those upon whom benefices are to be conferred.

d. To confer holy orders on clergymen not only for places approved by the sacred canons, but also for a place established by himself.

e. To regulate according to the prescriptions of the sacred canons, all things which pertain to divine worship, to ecclesiastical functions, and to those religious exercises which are established for exciting and-confirming the piety of the faithful.

/. To convoke and hold the diocesan Bynod, as well as to attend provincial councils.

g. To establish in his own diocese religious orders or congregations of both sexes, approved by the Holy See; consulting, however, in each case with the Royal Government.

V. The episcopal tribunal exercises jurisdiction, by the rules of the Canons, and in accordance with the decrees of the Council of Trent, in all ecclesiastical causes which relate to the faith, the sacraments, the sacred functions, and the duties and rights belonging to the sacred ministry; it also gives judgment in matrimonial causes, leaving however to the secular judge tho decision of the civil effects of matrimony.

The bishop shall be free to watch over the conduct of the clergy, and to inflict, in his own court, penalties in conformity with the canon laws, on those whom he shall find to deserve reprehension, either by their mode of life or for any other cause, saving always the canonical appeal.

It is also competent for the bishop to censure laymen who transgress the ecclesiastical laws.

Although the ecclesiastical judge takes cognizance of the right of patronage, nevertheless the Holy See consents that, in cases of lay patronage, the secular tribunals may decide concerning the cinl rights and burdens attached to this description of patronage, as well as concerning the right of succession as regards the same patronage, whether the disputes be between real and supposed patrons, or between ecclesiastics presented by them.

Considering the circumstances of the times, His Holiness permits that the secular judges may take cognisance of and decide purely civil suitB, to which clergymen are parties, such as suits respecting contracts, debts, and inheritance.

The Holy See also consents that suits concerning the civil rights, or burthens of churches, benefices, and tithes, as well as those concerning the burthen of constructing ecclesiastical buildings, may be decided in the secular courts.

For the- same reason the Holy See does not refuse to suffer trials of clergymen for crimes or misdemeanours, which are punished by the penal laws of the kingdom, to take place before the lay judge, on whom, however, it shall be incumbent to inform the bishop thereof without delay. And if sentence of death, or imprisonment for a longer period than five years, shall be pronounced upon an ecclesiastic, the judicial acts shall always be communicated to the bishop, and he shall have the power of hearing the condemned person,, so far as is necessary to decide respecting the infliction of an ecclesiastical penalty on him. The same shall be done when the punishment is of a less degree, if the bishop request it.

VI. The communications of the bishop, clergy, and people with the Holy See in ecclesiastical affairs shall be free. The bishop shall also communicate freely with the clergy and people.

Consequently the instructions and ordinances of the bishop, as well as the acts of the Diocesan Synod, of the Provincial Council, and of the Holy See itself, in ecclesiastical matters, shall be published without being previously examined and approved by the lioyal Government.

VII. The bishop, by virtue of his pastoral office, shall direct the religious instruction as well as the religious education of the Catholic youth, in all public and private schools, and shall watch over both. He shall also determine what books and catechisms are to be used for religious instruction.

In the elementary schools religious instruction shall be given by the parish priests; in all other schools only by those persons on whom the bishop shall have conferred authority and commission, and from whom he shall not subsequently have withdrawn the same.

VIII. The bishop shall be free to establish a seminary in the form laid down by the Council of Trent, into which he shall admit for education such youths and boys as he shall think fit, with regard to the wants and advantages of his diocese, to be received. The regulation, teaching, government and administration of this seminary shall be subject,.of full and free right, to the authority of the bishop.

The bishop shall also appoint the rectors, professors and, masters,

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