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with the royal harem, and who has ties of relationship with a powerJnl tribe or clan, like the Kajjars? Would not the shame be everlasting, and the bitterness affect the authority of the Sovereign?

Ihe Persian Government were unable to accept Mr. Murray's terms; and, under the necessity and compulsion of the case, and with the utmost sorrow and profoundest regret at the cessation of relations by that gentlemen, remained silent. In point of fact, it does not lie against Mr. Murray as a matter of so great blame that he, newly arrived in Persia, should be imperfectly acquainted with the customs of that people, and with the importance with which they view matters of decorum and of religion; but that the people woo surround him. and especially Mr. Stevens, should have led him into this course, is eminently matter of reprobation, for they who thus urge him are well acquainted with Persian customs. This is the same Mr. Stevens whose conduct when at Tabreez is well known, and has often been made the subject of complaints to the English Government, sent by us immediately and without intervention, as toe Ambassador at Constantinople is, doubtless, not unaware; and he had hardly arrived at the capital when he did what he bos done. When was it ever known that political questions, which have nothing to do with the transaction of Consular business, should be brought forward under the notice of Consuls? This Mr. Murray has appointed Mr. Stevens as his own Vizier, and with him throws political affairs into confusion.

The result of all this is, that you are instructed to make his Eicellency the British Ambassador informed of the whole circumstances from beginning to end, and to request him to send copies of the whole correspondence to the British Government, in order that they may be fully acquainted with the conduct of their Minister, and the dependents of the Mission in Persia, and may, in the interest of the friendship of the two countries, adopt some decisiun to obviate the possibility of such occurrences henceforward, and to prevent the interference of the British Mission in the internal affairs of this country.

No. 62.—Mr. Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.— (Sec. Feb. 15.) Mt Lobd, Tabreez, January 5, 1850.

The Mehmander in attendance upon me having, in course of conversation, intimated that the'greatest obstacle to a reconciliation between myself and the Persian Goverment was, my insisting upon certaiu of the Mooshtehids coming in person to apologise at the Mistion, I have been induced to modify my terms, as contained in the accompanying inclosure. I have no doubt that the Persian Ministers will consider a«y alteration a concession; but I think your Lordship will agree with me, that a written apology, sealed by all the offending Moollahs and Mooshtehids, and delivered by their Chief, the Imaum-o'-Jooma, in person, will prove as complete a satisfaction, if not more so, than the mode of apology prescribed in the first instance. I have, Ac.

The Earl of Clarendon. OH. A. MURRAY.

{Inclcsure 1.)—Mr. Murray to the Mehmandar.

January 2, 1856.

As you have expressed to me your belief that the Persian Government is disposed towards a reconciliation with this Mission, and to accede to the demands which I have made for reparation for the injuries and calumnies of which I have had reason to complain, I inclose, for your information, a copy of those demands* as they were communicated to the Persian Government at Tehran, and I now add one or two modifications which subsequent events have led me to make.

With respect to demand No. 3, I have learnt, since I left Tehran, that a third destkhet of the Shall, though not sent to me, was communicated to the Russian, French, and Ottoman Missions, and that it contained expressions concerning myself, in the highest degree offensive and unbecoming. As it would be impossible for me ever to resume friendly relations with the Persian Court while this destkhet remains unretracted, I must demand that the same officer appointed by the Shah to retract the destkhet of which I before complained, should also bring with him a letter sealed by the Sadr Azim, stating, in the clearest terms, that His Majesty entirely withdrew and retracted all the offensive expressions contained in the last destkhet, and wished me to consider it as never having been written, a copy of that letter to be sent by the Persian Government to the 3 Missions to whom the destkhet itself had been communicated.

With regard to the demand No. 4, you have explained to me that, on religious grounds, some of the Mooshtehids and Moollaha might decline to come in person to the British Mission, and that my insisting on that demand might cause insuperable difficulties, such as might impede all measures of reconciliation. Although I have pointed out to you the obvious truth that if Mooshtehids and Moollahs will, either of their own accord or at the instigation of others, put their seals to calumnies and falsehoods, they must also, like other men, be compelled to make* apology and retractation; nevertheless, in order to show you that I personally have no wish to throw obstacles in the way of a fair and proper reconciliation, I am willing so far to modify my demand No. 4, as to agree that if the Imaumo'-Jooma, accompanied by one or two of the Moollahs or Mooshte* Enumerated in despatch of December 6,1855.

hids selected by the Persian Government, calls in person at the Mission and destroys, in my presence, the istishhad nameh of which I complain, and leaves in the Mission a paper expressing the matter contained in my Inclosure No. 2, bearing the Beals of all the Mooshtehids and Moollahs who had signed the istishhad nameh, I am content to accept this arrangement in lieu of my demand No. 4, as it originally stood. I remain, &c.

CH. A. MUEEAY.

(Iacloiure 2.)—Draft of Document to be given in to the Mission on the part of the Mooshtehids and Moollahs. We, the Mooshtehids and Moollahs whose seals are hereunto appended, and who, in the month of Eebiul-evvel, 1272, signed at Tehran an istishhad nameh containing various charges and accusations against Her Britannic Majesty's Minister and Mission, hereby declare that the above-named charges and accusations were made under error and false information, and we are convinced that they were entirely without truth or foundation, for which reason we have requested the Imaum-o'-Jooma to visit the British Minister, at the Mission-house, and there, in his Excellency's presence, to destroy the above-named istishhad nameh, and to express our regret that it vaa written; also to leave with his Excellency this document, to which we have affixed our Beals.

No. 63.—Mr. Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.(Bee. Feb. 15.) (Extract.) Tabreez, January 8, 1856.

I Hate the honour to inform your Lordship, that according to the most recent intelligence from Tehran, the Persian Government is making active preparations for repelling any attack which the British or Indian Government may make on the Southern Provinces.

If I am rightly informed, while the Shah was at Jajrood (whither His Majesty had gone for the ostensible purpose of hunting), circulars were addressed to the Governors of Fare, Kerman, Tezd, Kermanshab, and Arabistan, ordering them to keep up a constant interchange of communication, and to be ready to assist each other in case of need. ,

The latest advices from Khorassan state that Prince Mahomed Toussuf, present Euler of Herat, had requested the Persian authorities at Meshed to delay for a fortnight any force which they might be about to send to his assistance, as he hoped to be able to arrange matters amicably with Dost Mahomed Khan. This request arrived very opportunely, as I am told that at the time of its reaching Meshed, the Persian troopB there were clamorous for their pay, and iiot disposed to march till they received it. The Commander of the

[1856-57. iLvn.] L

expedition, however, Sultan Moorad Meerza, had orders from Tehran to push forward with all speed; notwithstanding these instructions, I am of opinion that the fate of Herat will be decided by a compromise or a battle long before a single Persian regiment arrives in sight of the town.

The Earl of Clarendon. CH. A. MUEEAY.

No. 64.—Mr. Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.{Bee. Feb. 15.) My Loud, Tabreez, January 8,1856.

I Have the honour to inclose, for your Lordship's, information, copy of a despatch which I have addressed to llr. ppnsul Stevens, in consequence of the Kaimakam having stated that the Persian Government were in possession of a letter from Her Majesty's Mission to Dost Mahomed Khan, which had been intercepted by Prince Mahomed YousBuf, the Buler of Herat, and which proved that the British Mission had broken faith with the Persian Government in respect to Herat. I have, &c. The Earl of Clarendon. CH- A- MUBBAY.

(Inclosure.)Mr. Murray to Consul Stevens. (Extract.) Tabreez, December 31, 1855.

In a despatch addressed to me by Mr. Coueul Abbptt on the 22nd instant, relating to a conversation which he had just held with the Kaimakam, in which the latter had expressed a hope and expectation that the differences now existing between the Persian Government and Her Britannic Majesty's Mission might be amicably arranged, there occurs the following passage:

"He (the Kaimakam) added afterwards, that since sending mp the above message, he had learnt that affairs had recently become more complicated and difficult in consequence of what had ocpureed regarding Herat; that letters from Her Majesty's Mission to Dost Mahomed Khan had been intercepted by Mahomed Youssuf Meerza, Governor of Herat, in which it was apparent that the British Mission had broken its faith with the Persian Government, in respect of an arrangement made 4 years since respecting Herat; that th« Sadr Azim had appealed to the French Minister on the subject, who had sided with him."

With reference to the statement contained in this passage, 1 have to instruct you to infprm the Minister for Foreign Affairs that, like all the other charges which the Persian Government has latelyadduced against Her Britannic Majesty's Mission, it has not even a shadow of foundation in truth; neither have I, nor has my predecessor, Mr. Thomson, as he himself assures me, ever written one single note or letter, private or official, to Dost Mahomed Khan; and so far from encouraging or inviting him to march ngaiust Herat, I have, for the last 2 or 3 months, believed bim to be dead, according to a report which reached me from Meshed, which I transmitted to Her Majesty's Government. Tou are entitled to demand that the Minister for Foreign Affairs should show you this pretended intercepted letter, in order that you may, if possible, discover the author of the forgery. If he declines to do go, I can only believe that the whole story has been fabricated by the Persian Government in order to vilify and calumniate the British Mission, and to endeavour to produce a misunderstanding between it and the French Mission. It will not be amiss that you convey a warning to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, that if the Persian Government endeavour to make this forged letter, or this groundless falsehood, a pretext for moving troops on Herat, or interfering in the affairs of Afghanistan, in a manner contrary to the agreement entered into *ith Her Majesty's Government, they will seriously aggravate the difficulties that have already arisen from their late conduct towards this Mission, and will oblige the British Government to have recourse to measures calculated to enforce a respect for diplomatic engagements.

Tou will communicate the purport of this dispatch to the Foreign Minister.

S. W. Stevens, Esq. CH. A. MUEEAY.

Sott.—Consul Stevens to the Earlof Clarendon.—(Bee. Feb. 15,1856.) (Extract.) Tehran, December 31, 1855.

1 Have the honour to inclose for your Lordship's information copies of the following despatches recently addressed by me, viz.:

1. December 21.—To the Indian Government, inclosing translation of a Persian manifesto, announcing a military expedition to Herat.

2. December 29.—To Mr. Murray, with remarks on the above document.

3. December 23.—To the Indian Government, announcing the departure of Sultan Moorad Meerza for Herat, and conveying information on the military forces in Khorassan and Fars.

4. December 29.—To Mr. Murray, reporting a communication nadeby the Persian Government to the Foreign Ministers in Tehran,

Iof the pretended discovery of a secret correspondence between
Mr. Thomson and Syed Mahomed Khan, late Euler of Herat.
The Earlof Clarendon. EICH. W. STEVENS.

{Inclorttre 1.)—Consul Stevens to the Sec*, to the Government of India.
(Extract.) Teh an, December 21, 1855.

Ik transmitting herewith, for the information of the Eight Honourable the Governor-General of India, tho "Tehran Gazette,"

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