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that the Persian Ministers, wishing to make (Mr.)* "Murray" acquainted with this circumstance, addressed an official letter to hioi and to the other foreign Missions! in Tehran; and under a diaguise, explained the matter to them all in general terms, intending that (Mr.) Murray should be warned, and alter his conduct so that mischief should not be excited for himself and the Persian Ministers. (Mr.) Murray paid no attention to these hints, and when he returned to Tehran, he again hired a house in the neighbourhood of the Mission for the wife of Meerza Hashem Khan.J The priesthood§ and people of Tehran, on learning this, sent letters and wrote petitions on the score of religion, and expostulated with the Persian Ministers, and, as nearly as possible, they were having a sudden and general tumult. (Mr.) Murray seeing that the curtain was withdrawn, began a discussion and correspondence with the Persian Ministers, under the pretext that he intended to employ Meerza H«hem Khan in the Mission, and to send him to Pars. Notwithstanding all the remonstrances made by the Persian Ministers, who demanded by what right or on what grounds be appointed a servant •f the Shah, who had been brought up in the Royal Family, to the Mj*si.»n, he would not listen; and, not satisfied with persisting in hit demand)), he alluded to the wife of Meerza Hashem Khan openly and publicly in an official letter, and demanded and intended to •onpel the Persian Ministers to lend themselves to the disgrace and -i;i2.?rof sending Meerza Hashem Khan's wife to the Mission.|| TWy, however, perceiving how dangerous the matter was, could not consent to Lis proposition, and (Mr.) Murray made this the pretext £>r striking the Mission flag, for suspending relations, and for withtj»-«ing the Mission towards the Turkish territory.^ Our corre«"r.>&dent writes that it is extraordinary indeed that this affair in a

* Throughout the rest of the paper. Her Majesty's Minister is mentioned as Hzm?,~ without any titles whatever.

* This Circuall the Missions, had no reference at all to the British Mission, ad m antecedent in date to all the discussions concerning Meerza Hashem rua md hit wife.

: A downright falsehood. She lived with her own husband, and Mr. Murray U Ua uid doe* not even know where their house was situated.

I "The Priesthood, Ac," that is, the Sadr Azim himself, drew up a paper tauiaiag ail his own calumnies and falsehoods, and sent it round among the pMta, requiring them to affix their seals to it, which many of them, for fear of

< rpl*«are, were obliged to do. The Chief Priest, Imaum-o'-Joomah, bad *» •nn^r to refuse to sign the paper, faring that he had no knowledge of the *** it itt content*.

Aaather grotu and abaurd falsehood. Mr. Murray's demand, often repeated (ki buomtted to the Foreign Office, was that she should be released, and be **-*x Ui her husband.

* TW flag was hauled down, and the MisBion removed1 from Tehran, before *» -—, „f pmi Mahomed Khan's inarch had reached that city.

Mahometan country did not lead to a general outbreak and tumult; and that the Persian Ministers must have taken great trouble in preventing things from going further. From what our correspondent hears, if Mr. Thomson struck the Mission flag, still it wasonaccount of a merchant, and was not so disgraceful; but it is very disgraceful that the English flag should come down for the sake of a woman. "We do not know in what way the British Government will remove this disgrace, or how they will treat their Representative.

16. Our correspondent has also learned that Dost Mahomed Khan, the Euler of Cabul, had marched, at the instigation of the English Government, and with their support, against Candahar, and had captured that place; and that he intended to take Herat also. Although our correspondent was not certain of the truth of this intelligence, if such should really prove to be the case, it is evident that the withdrawal of the English Mission from the capital of Persia has been planned on that account; otherwise, a matter of so little importance as that reported to us, and which is the ostensible reason for the removal of the Mission from Tehran as stated above, could hardly have caused a rupture in the relations of that friendship which has for so many years existed between the Government of England and that of Persia. This is a rumour which has reached our correspondent; but the truth or inaccuracy of it has not yet been ascertained.

No. 69.—Consul Stevens to the Earl of Clarendon.{Sec. Mar. 3.) (Extract.) Tehran, January 8, 1856

I Have been informed, on reliable authority, that the Persiat Government are sending proposals to Dost Mahomed Khan of i nature hostile to the British Government. It is probably more ii the belief that this will delay the Affghan Chief's march upo Herat, and thus give the Persians time to reach the place, tha from any real hope of drawing him into an alliance against Britis India.

The Earl of Clarendon. CH. A. MGRRA"

.Zvo. 70.—Mr.Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.(Rec.at ParUMar. 2' (Extract.) Tabreez, February 15, 181

If I am not much mistaken, the intelligence most interesting Her Majesty's Government, which can be transmitted from Per at this moment, is that which would throw light on the present st of affairs in Herat, and as the letters which reach me from In must doubtless have been, long ere this, delivered in London, it not improbable that their contents may have caused considcrn anxiety to Her Majesty's Government. I believe the sum and 8 lUnce of the truth to be, as J have before represented it to your Lordship, namely, that Prince Mahomed Youssuf seized, or rather recoTered, the throne of Herat, not only without the aid, but also without the knowledge, of the Persian Government; and that he has no predilection whatever for the Persians, but wished and hoped to rule as an independent Prince. Nevertheless, as a drowning man will catch at a straw, so the Prince, threatened by a powerful hostile party within the walls of Herat, and at the same time by an attack from Dost Mahomed Khan, has in all probability solicited the aid of the Persian Government; that aid has hitherto been limited to fair promises, and to the dispatch of 6,000 or 8,000 men towards the frontier, but the instructions issued to their commander have not transpired. In a country like this, where all political transactions are carried on by intrigue and treachery, it is scarcely possible to predicate what is the real intention of the Government; one thing, however, is certain, that they are endeavouring, and will endeavour, to the utmost of their power, to excite trouble in Affghanistan, so as to direct to that quarter a great portion of the attention and resources of the Indian Government. Our correspondent writes to Mr. Stevens to the effect that Sam Khau, a powerful Chief in Khorssran, and who has much influence among the Affghan tribes, has received 10,000 tomauns from the Persian Government, to be used in «ecuring the co-operation of the influential inhabitants of Herat, and if he succeeds in doing so, he is instructed to seize the person of Prince Mahomed Youssuf, and to take possession of the place in the name of the Shah.

Another circumstance worthy of notice is, that a Ghilzie Chief, named Gholaum Sadik Khan (who was Acting-Governor of Candahar during the absence of Kohendil Khan on his expedition against Herat), arrived some weeks ago at Tehran, ostensibly on a pilgrimage to Mecca. He offered to the Persian Government his services, en certain conditions, to direct an expedition against Candahar from Beioochistan and Seistan. He was honourably received, a house and present* were given to him, but it would seem that the terms which he had demanded were such as it did not suit the Persian Government to grant, and he was allowed to pursue his way towards Mecca. Soon after his departure, the news of the probable cessation of hostilities between Great Britain and Bussia reached Tehran from Contfsotinople, a special messenger was immediately Bent after the Gtikje Chief, who brought him back to Tehran, where he now is, in tat eojovment of high honour, favour, and promises from the Sadr

Tie £mrl of Clarendon. CH. A. MUBBAY.

No. 71.—Mr. Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.{Bee. April 26.) (Extract.) Tabreez, February 22,1856.

Hating at length obtained a copy of the original autograph letter addressed by the Shah to his Ministers, just after my departure from Tehran, a French translation of which was forwarded to your Lordship on the 26th December, I now inclose for your Lordship's information a literal translation of the said document in English.

It is much to be regretted that His Majesty should have permitted himself to be induced, by the pernicious counsels of an unprincipled and intriguing adviser, to put his name to such a paper, but it is evident to me that the Sadr Azim having himself insulted the Mission, was resolved that the Shah should be dragged into the quarrel; he accordingly filled his Sovereign's ear with a multitude of slanders and falsehoods concerning me, and incensed the Shah to such a degree that in a moment of passion His Majesty forgot what was due to hia own position and to mine.

The Sadr Azim is now endeavouring to deny the existence, or at least the promulgation of this document, which was, however, communicated to all the Missions in Tehran excepting this.

With respect to the alleged impropriety of the despatches which I had addressed to the Persian Government, as referred to in this autograph, I have only to observe that every line written by me has been forwarded to your Lordship. Her Majesty's Government is, therefore, in a condition to judgo whether my despatches have contained a single expression disrespectful to the Shah, or unbecoming my character as British Minister.

The Earl of Clarendon, OH. A. MUEBAY

(Incloture.)The Shah to the Sadr Azim. (Translation.) December, 185E

Last night we read the paper written by the English Ministc Plenipotentiary, and were much surprised at the rude, unmeanin; disgusting, and insolent tone and purport. The letter which 1 before wrote was also impertinent. "We have also heard, that in L own house, he is constantly speaking disrespectfully of us and you, but we never believed; now, however, he has introduced it an official letter. We are, therefore, convinced that this man, Mist Murray, is stupid, ignorant, and insane, who has the audacity impudence to insult even kings! From the time of Shah Sultan U< sein (when Persia was in its most disorganized state, and during t last 14 years of his life, when, by serious illness, he was incapacital for business) up to the present time, no disrespect towards 1 Sovereign has been tolerated, either from the Government or agent. What has happened now that this foolish Minister Pleni mtixj acta with such temerity? It Rppears that our friendly Missions are not acquainted with the wording of that document; give it now to Meerza Abbas and Meerza Malcum, that they may take and duly explain it to the Trench Minister and Hyder Effendi, that they may see how improperly he has written. Since last night till now, our time has been passed in vexation. We now command •<m, in order that you may yourself know, and also acquaint the Missions, that until the Queen* of England herself makes us a stiitible apology for the insolence of her Envoy, we will never receive Jack this her foolish Minister, who is a simpleton, nor accept from et Government any other Minister.

Xa.l2.-2lr. Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.—(liec. April 19.) Eitart.) Tabreex, March 0, 1856.

I Havi the honour to inform your Lordship that, although I had *nded remaining here until I received distinct intimation of the aha of Her Majesty's Government as to the movements of the lission, circumstances have ooourred which have determined mo to W nearer to the Turkish frontier.

A few days ago the Kaimakam (Governor of Azerbijan and nephew ; tneSadr Azim) wrote to our Mehmandar a note, which the latter ris instructed to communicate to me, stating that he wished to go a Tehran for the approaching Noorooz; and as he did not like to :»vsTabreez whilst I remained, in case anything disagreeable should -ppen to me, he desired to know how long I proposed to stay hero,

what was my object in remaining. To which I wrote, in reply, £it I wan quite at a loss to imagine why his Excellency's presence «re could be necessary on my account, as I supposed that here, as &erhere in Persia, a foreign Minister would be sure to meet with '«anty and respect j but that, as I did not choose that my remainLi here should subject his Excellency to any inconvenience, or r!*!f to questions w hich I considered out of place, I requested the Mehmandar to procure the mules necessary for our departure as Mil as possible.

1 aa of opinion that the Kaimakam was either exceeding or ^parting from his instructions in writing thiB impertinent note, for x has made great exertions to get it back into his own hands, but I »»»* declined to give It up, knowing that, like his uncle and the sl?Vr powers at Tehran, he would shortly deny ever having written it.

At present I shall proceed to Ooroomiah, where I shall await ^^ffpost; and if no contrary instructions arrive, I shall continue a.Tftmtesouthward by any route that I may find practicable. All • The objectionable term " Malikeh" is used.

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