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are very bad at this season among the mountains of Kurdistan, through which we must pass, owing to the snows, which are just beginning to melt.

The Earl of Clarendon. CH. A. MURRAY.

No. 73.—Mr. Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.(Bee. April 19.) My Loud, Tabreez, March 7,1856.

I HA.TE the honour to inclose, for your Lordship's information, copy of a despatch which I have received from Mr. Stevens, inclosing copy of a letter addressed by the Sadr Azim to the foreign Missions in Tehran, explaining the intentions of the Persian Government with regard to Herat and Candahar.

This document was accompanied by 12 inclosures, purporting to be copies of letters addressed to the Shah by the brothers and sons of the late Kohendil Khan; but as their contents are embodied in the Sadr Azim's letter, I have not thought it necessary to trouble your Lordship with translations of them. I have reason to believe that several of these letters are fictitious, and that the Persian Government received communications from only a few of the members of Kohendil Khan's family. I have, <fec. The Earl of Clarendon. CH. A. MUKEAY

(Inclostire 1.)—Consul Stevens to Mr. Murray. (Extract.) Tehran, March 1, 1856

1 Have succeeded in obtaining, and inclose herewith, for you Excellency's information, copy of a circular just addressed by th Persian Prime Minister to the foreign Missions at this Coin (together with copies of its 12 inclosures), acquainting them wit the reasons which compel Persia to adopt measures against Doi Mahomed Khan.

C. A. Murray, Esq. RICH. "W. STEVEN;

{Inclosure 2.)—Translated Substance of a Circular addressed by t Sadr Azim to the Foreign Missions in Tehran.

20 Jumadee-oos-Sanee, 1272. (February 27, 185( After his Excellency Mr. Murray, the British Minister, k this Court, as has already been made known to your Excellem certain events happened in Affghanistan, which had no conuccti whatever with the question upon which Mr. Murray broke relations, but were separate occurrences, directly at variance w; the Agreement regarding Herat, and calculated to disturb t internal affairs of Persia, besides causing serious dangers to 1 Persian frontier, especially in Khorassan, and to the independei of that province. Therefore, the Persian Ministers have fou themselves obliged to adopt measures for the removal of these dangers in accordance with the above Agreement and with their former conduct—that is to say, to preserve order in the Governments of Herat and Candahar. But as these events and movements have occurred about the same time that the English Mission quitted Tehran, uninformed persons have been led to suppose that these circumstances probably have some connection with the removal of the Mission, and that a coolness has arisen between the Governments of Persia and England, as appears from several articles which hire been published in the European journals. The Persian Ministers, however, being firm and stedf'ast in their friendship for the English Government, and believing that the conduct of Mr. Murray will not interfere with the maintenance of friendship between the two States, but that Ins suspension of relations with this Government was a personal matter, consider it necessary to communicate the true state of the case to your Excellency in thi3 letter, so that it may become known that the object of the Persian Ministers is merely to repress mischief and disturbance, and to establish order in the internal affairs of this Government, and not to adopt any new scheme or to oppose the British Government. The ancient and present practice and agreement of the Persian Government for the preservation of their frontiers in Khorassan, Seistan, Beloochistan, and Kennan, for the tranquillity of these parts, and for the encouragement of commerce, has been, that the Sirdars and Governors of Herat, Candahar, and Cabul, and indeed of all Afghanistan, should each one confine himself to the place of his own Government and not interfere with his neighbours. Lately, when Kohendil Khan of Candahar died, the Government and Sirdarship of that place ought by inheritance, and in accordance with the former practice, to have descended to one of his children; and the Persian Ministers, in consideration of the close connection which Kohendil Khan had with Persia, were on the point of dispatching a person to Candahar to condole with the family of the late Khan, and to reconcile them to each other, some misunderstanding having arisen about the succession, when Dost Mahomed Khan, of Cabul, under the pretext of coming to comfort the family, and to arrange their matters, arrived at Candahar and took possession of it, with an army much larger than he had the power or means to support of himself, or than'he had ever maintained before. The sons and brothers of Kohendil Khan, each one was forced to save himself by flight. They have all of them—amongst others, Eehemdil Khan, Meer Afrul Khan, Mahomed Sedeek Khan, Mahomed Omar Khan, Sultan Alee Khan (Moozuffer-ed-Dowleh, who, in the lifetime of Kohendil Khan, came as a servant of the Shah to Tehran, and received the »bove title, besides the rank of Colonel), Gholam Mohei-ed-Decn Khan, Abdullah Khan, Khooshdil Khan, Esan Khan, the Sahib Zadeh, Mahomed Alum Khan, and Patteh Mahomed Khan—written letters to His Majesty the Shah, complaining of the injustice of Dost Mahomed Khan's seizure of their home. Copies of these letters are inclosed herein for your information. They have implored the Persian Ministers to prevent the above oppressive act, and to cause the country to be left in its former position. Dost Mahomed Khan, not content with seizing Candahar, has determined to march on Herat, and Prince Mahomed Toussuf, the ruler of Herat, and all the Chiefs and authorities in that Principality, have also written separate letters to the Persian Ministers, complaining of the injustice of this.

On the other hand, Sirdar Alee Khan of Seistan has sent with great speed a letter to this Government from Sehkoohee, which is Persian territory, stating that Dost Mahomed Khan has sent one of his sons to plunder Seistan and Beloochistan. As the Persian Ministers perceive that, from the improper and dangerous policy of Dost Mahomet Khan, these countries, as well as the province of Khorassan, are on the point of being plunged into extreme disorder, and in consideration of the letter which I Wrote to your Excellency on the 5th instant, they are compelled to dispatch an army to Herat to repress this disturbance, and to preserve that Principality and the Province of Khorassan, and to maintain troops between these 2 countries, so that Dost Mahomed Khan may not interfere beyond his own Government, and give rise to disturbances. The Persian Ministers are obliged to protect the sons of Kohendil Khan, and to maintain order in that Government.

No. 74.—Mr, Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.{Bee, Jipril 19.) (Extract,) Tabreex, March 7,1856.

1 Have the honour to inclose, for your Lordship's information, copy of a despatch received this day from Mr. Stevens. Th« Earl of Clarendon, CH. A. MUBBAY.

(Inclosure.)Consul Stevens to Mr. Murray. (Extract.) Tehran, February 29, 185G.

Rumours have for some days past been current hero_ of an intention on the part of the Persian Government to send a largo army into AfFghanistan, for the purpose of wresting Candahar from the hands of Dost Mahomed Khan. I think I can confidently state that the step has been positively decided upon, and that the force will comprise 12,000 or 15,000 regular, and 5,000 irregular troops, and 20 pieces of artillery, the whole to be commanded by Mocrza Mahomed Khan, Scrkesbikchebashee, assisted by the mosW-xperienced nativo officers, who have been ordered to be ready for leaving Tehran about the latter end of March.

The Government to-day received a messenger announcing the entry into Herat of 8am Khan, who had subsequently summoned Sultan Moorad Meerza to join him with all possible dispatch. His Royal Highness accordingly quitted Toorook for that place on the 15th instant, and it is now supposed here that he has, ere this, quietly occupied it in the name of the Shah. This, however, is only a surmise; but in a very few days we may expect to hear what has really occurred.

I continue without any intelligence from Meshed. 0. A. Murray, E*q.' RICH. W. STEVENS.

No. 75.—Mr. Murray to the Earl of Clarendon.(Rec. April 20.) (Extract.) Tabreez, March 7, 1856.

1 Have the honour to inclose, for your Lordship's information, copy of a despatch addressed to me by Mr. Consul Stevens, containing translation of a letter which the Persian Government has exhibited to the foreign Missions in Tehran, as having been addressed by Mr. Thomson to the Buler of Herat. The absurdity of the letter itself would be sufficient to mark it as a fabrication; but I thought it right, for form's sake, to communicate it to Mr. Thomson, of whose reply I inclose herewith a copy. It will not be a matter of surprise to your Lordship that the Persian Government, which has lately thought fit to propagate so many slander- and calumnies against Her Britannic Majesty's Mission and Government, should, in this instance, have had recourse to forgery, for the purpose of giving a colour of justice to their own act of aeerension on Herat and Afghanistan.

The Earl of Clarendon. CH. A. MURRAY.

(Incloture 1.)—Consul Stevens to Mr. Murray. (Extract) Tehran, March 1, 1856.

I Have the honour to inclose a copy of the letter which the Persian Government pretends was written by Mr Secretary Thornton to Sved Mahomed Khan of Herat.

0. A. Murray, Esq. RICH. W. STEVENS

hclonrr 2.)—L*tter said to have been addressed to the Ruler of

Herat by Mr. Thompton. (Translation.) 7 Shaaban, 1270. (May 5, 18ol.)

The kindly letter which your Excellency dispatched in charge of Muatoofee Moolla Akrain Khan and Hassan Beg, became collyrium to my eyes at the time when they were anxiously directed along the road of expectation.

Now that the Mustoofee is about to return, I have considered it necessary to bring myself to your recollection by writing and forwarding this friendly letter. Tour Excellency, as the Mustoofee is an intelligent and sensible man, I have told hiin 3 things: First, let an Englishman be placed in Herat, and whatever ammunition and muskets, and other warlike stores, may be required by you will not be refused; and of ready money for expenditure, he will be authorized to give as much as two crores (500,000Z).

But as the Mustoofee did not approve of this, I told him to have one of the sons of Zeheer-ood-Dowleh (Ruler of Herat) sent to the Governor-General. In this case whatever he desired would be granted without delay; any part of Affghanistan which the Zeheerood-Dowleh might take possession of must be open to the interference of the British authorities, however. Affghanistan, that is, all those who are Affghans in the country, will belong to the Zeheerood-Dowleh. This also did not please the Mustoofee. He snid that these two propositions depended entirely on a reference to the Zeheer-ood-Dowleh.

The third matter is that if you do not agree and still continue your intercourse with the Persian Government, very good; tho friendship of the British Government will not be withheld from you. You must also not neglect to send persons occasionally to the British (authorities), and do not act contrary to custom in your dealings with Persia. Eefrain from plundering in Khorassan, Affghanistan, and Seistan, so that the British Government may not be liable to complaints being made by any foreign Government. You can choose for yourself in these two or three propositions. From the friendship of certain persons, about whom you have been deceived, you can expect nothing. At any time, when you feel disposed towards these propositions, you will not be disappointed in the reply, even after 10 years. No one will know the substance of this letter excepting ourselves. This paper is a voucher in your hands.

(Inclosurc 3.)—Mr. Thomson to Mr. Murray. SlE, Tabreez, March 7, 1856.

In returning to you the copy of the letter said to have been written by me to some person in Herat, I have only to say that it is from first to last an entire forgery, and that no such letter was ever written by me, or with my cognizance, either to the then Ruler of Herat or to any other person in that place.

I have, &c.


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