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Snt, the terms which had been agreed to between himself and Her Majesty's Ambassador at Constantinople, respecting the retreat of the Persian troops from Herat and Afghanistan, and the ceremonies to be observed on Mr. Murray's return to Tehran; and, secondly, the conditions which he had not been empowered to discuss at Constantinople, but which he had passed in review with me at our first interview.

Ferokh Khan then observed, that he regretted that Her Majesty's Government had not empowered me to discuss these matters with him. He asked whether it would not be possible to sign at Paris a document specifying the exact demands of Her Majesty's Government, if he couid agree to them.

After some further conversation, he asked me to tell him as a friend what I recommended him to do. I replied that, without a better knowledge of the instructions under which he was acting, it was impossible for me to offer advice. If he would accept the terms on which Her Majesty's Government were determined to insist, I should strongly recommend him to undertake the journey to London. If, on the other hand, he merely meditated an escape from those conditions, in honesty 1 must tell him that he would fail, and would do better to remain where he was.

1 then again inquired as to the nature of Ferokh Khan's powers, and be again assured me that they were ample, offering, at the same time, to show them to me. They were shortly afterwards produced, •nd, as • copy has since been furnished to me, I inclose it, together •ith a translation. Tour Lordship will observe that the powers are dated before the departure of the Ambassador from Tehran; that ihej enable him to discuss the questions of Herat and Afghanistan, •nd the differences which have arisen between Persia and Great Bntain. I inquired whether he should consider himself at liberty, under those powers, to conclude a Treaty of Commerce. He replied in the affirmative, and gave me to understand that he had other powers than those, both from the Shah himself and from the Sadr Azuu, but he probably meant that he had instructions.

I explained likewise that military operations would be continued Haul any Treaty, signed by him, had received the ratification of the Shah

A somewhat lengthened conversation terminated by Ferokh khan thanking me for the communication which I had made him, expressing, at the same time, his sense of the kindness with which I W treated him. He said that he would reflect on my proposal, «n<f that I should hear from him again in a day or two. XU Earl of Clarendon. COWLEY.

(Inclosure.)Full Powers from the Sltah to Ferokh Khan.
(Translation.)

As it has always been the earnest desire of our Gracious Majesty, the Shah-in-Shah, &c, of Persia, to increase and strengthen the bonds of friendship and alliance, as well as to remoye every source of doubt connected with the British Government, which always has been, and is, the ancient friend of Persia; therefore, agreeably to the issue of this auspicious power to his Excellency Ferokh Khan, our Chief Keeper of the Eobes, Ambassador Extraordinary of the Persian Government, decorated with the Boyal Portrait ornamented with diamonds, aud also with the Cordon, we have given him special and full powers (that he should discuss*) with the Ministers of that Government (Great Britain) the circumstances connected with the rupture of relations by the Minister Plenipotentiary (Mr. Murray) of that Government (England), and also concerning the affair of Herat, and also an arrangement of the affairs of Afghanistan; every promise and agreement, and arrangement, that he shall make will be agreed to and ratified by our Majesty with the greatest satisfaction; and in the fulfilment of these (arrangements), in which will result contentment to the Ministers of both parties, whatever is necessary to friendship will be observed.

Written in the month of Shawal, 1272.

No. 183.—The Earl of Clarendon to Lord Cowley. (Extract.) Foreign Office, February 6,1857.

Hee Majesty's Government have fully considered your Excellency's report of your further communications with Ferokh Khan, contained in your despatch of the 5th instant, and they entirely approve the course which your Excellency has adopted in carrying out the instructions conveyed to you in my despatch of the 3rd instant.

The result of your communications with the Persian Ambassador inclines Her Majesty's Government to hope that an arrangement may be entered into with him by which friendly relations may be established between England and Persia.

Tour Excellency will explain to Ferokh Khan that wherever the nature of the subject admits of their so doing, Her Majesty's Government are willing to undertake towards Persia engagements corresponding with those which they require Persia to undertake towards themselves; that Her Majesty's Government are prepared, if other powers in amity with Persia agree to do so, to renounce the right of protecting Persian subjects, except such as may be actually in their service; and that Her Majesty's Government, although put

• Those words are omitted in the Persian, though implied in the context.

to great expense by the disregard which the Persian Government htf shown for its engagements in regard to Herat, asks no pecuniary indemnity of any kind.

H.E. Lord Cowley. CLABENDON.

A'o. l&L—Lord Cowley to the Earl of Clarendon.—{Rec. Feb. 10.) (Extract.) Paris, February 8, 1857.

I Had the honour to receive, yesterday morning, your Lordship's despatch of the 6th instant.

Previously to receiving that despatch, Ferokh Khan had requested to see me again on the subject of the invitation which I had conveyed to him in the name of Her Majesty's Government, to proceed to London if his instructions permitted him to do so, and if his powers were sufficiently ample to allow him to conclude a Treaty on the basis already known to him, and I had fised Saturday afternoon to receive him. He came at the appointed hour, unattended by any one of his own suite, but accompanied by Captain Lynch.

His Excellency expressed uncertainty as to his intentions. He said that his position was most embarrassing; that he was alone in a strange land, at a great distance from his own country, without any one to whom he could turn for advice; therefore he said that he had again come to apply for mine. I told Ferokh Khan, in reply, that I could but repeat what I had said to him before; but tiat I was willing to enter with him at once into such further discissions as the present state of the questions at issue rendered necessary.

After some little hesitation, Ferokh Khan decided that he would remain at Paris for the present, reserving, however, to himself, the privilege of going to England hereafter, should he deem it advisable.

I then proposed to put in writing, and to send to him, the conditions of Her Majesty's Government. I said that I should niake them as complete as possible, so as avoid all possibility of misunderstanding in future.

The Earl of Clarendon. COWLEY.

No. 185.—The Earl of Clarendon to Lord Cowley. Mr Lobd, Foreign Office, February 10, 1857.

Heb Majesty's Government entirely approve the language held by your Excellency to Ferokh Khan, as reported in your despatch of the 8th instant, with regard to the negotiations for peace with Persia. I am, &c.

HE. Lord Cowley. CLARENDON. No. 186.—Lord Cowley to the Earl of Clarendon.—{Bee. March 5.) (Extract.) Fori*, March 4, 1857.

1 Hate the satisfaction to transmit herewith to your Lordship a Treaty of Peace between the Queen and the Shah of Persia,* signed this day by the Persian Plenipotentiary and myself. The Earl of Clarendon. COWLEY.

No. 187.—The Earl of Clarendon to Lord Cowley. (Extract.) Foreign Office, March 6, 1857.

I Have received your Excellency's despatch of the 4th instant, inclosing the Treaty of Peace between Her Majesty and the Shah of Persia, signed on that day by your Excellency and the Persian Ambassador.

It is my agreeable duty to convey to your Excellency the entire and cordial approval of Her Majesty's Government of the remarkable ability and judgment with which you have conducted the negotiation with the Persian Ambassador, which various circumstances combined to render difficult, and to the successful issue of which the patience, moderation, and firmness displayed by your Excellency so essentially contributed.

R.E. Lord Cowley. CLARENDON.

No. 188.—Lord Cowley to the Earl of Clarendon.{Bee. March 12.) (Extract.) Paris, March 4,1857.

I Hate the honour to inclose herewith the translation of a note which his Excellency addressed to me on the 2nd instant, together with a copy of my reply, dated the 3rd, relative to the abandonment by Her Majesty's Government of certain of the conditions which had been originally put forward as those on which peace with Persia might be restored.

The conclusions at which I have arrived with Ferokh Ehan on these points are the result of much discussion; but I have thought it expedient, in order to avoid the possibility of future difficulties, that they should now be consigned to writing. Hence the exchange of notes to which this despatch refers.

The original note of Ferokh Khan is likewise inclosed. The Earl of Clarendon. COWLEY.

{Inclosure 1.)—Ferokh Khan to Lord Cowley. (Translation.) 5 Bejel, A.h. 1273. {March 2, 1857.)

H rs Excellency, the abode of greatness, the support of friends, the kind, the revered.

From the communications which have hitherto taken place, it is evident that the British Ministry consider his Excellency, Ac. the Grand Vizier of Persia to be an obstacle to the friendship of the two

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exalted States of Persia and England; whereas everything that he haa hitherto done has been by the command of His Majesty the King, his benefactor. His Majesty, my benefactor, however, has not considered the incidents which have occurred as being contrary to the Treaty which ia the basis of the friendship between the two States. For this reason, His Majesty has specially commissioned me to explain the real state of this matter to the British Ministry, and to assure them that the continuation of his Excellency in the office of Grand Vizier will not be detrimental to the friendship of the two 8tates, but that it will, on the contrary, be the very best means of preserving and confirming that friendship. I therefore feel certain that the British Ministry will no longer insist upon a change in the Grand Yiziriate.

As regards any compensation to the inhabitants of Herat, it may be said that since the marching of the Persian army in that direction was solely caused by the obstinacy of those very inhabitants of Herat; and as the commissioning an army was not intended as an act of enmity against them, but simply for their protection, therefore no injury whatever happened to the inhabitants of Herat from the Persian troops, since each month remittances of cash have been made to Herat from the capital, and from Khorassan, for the wants of that army; and at no time, either before or after the conquest of Herat, did any molestation or injury happen to the inhabitants; on the contrary, they have been the objects of every sort of consideration and kindness. Besides this, it has been fully ascertained, since my departure from Constantinople, that HiB Majesty, my benefactor, after the conquest of Herat, exercised every species of favour and benevolence towards them, so much so that, in tho view of encouraging the agriculture and cultivation of the country, he has sent considerable sums of money thither.

I am quite sure, that upon the representation of these my sincere explanations, perfect confidence will be felt that the inhabitants of Herat, instead of suffering injury and loss, have derived great benefit and advantage therefrom; and that, in consequence, the British Ministry will not renew the propositions and discussions entered upon at Constantinople.

In respect of Bender Abbas, as I have already often mentioned, the negotiations between the Persian Government and the Imaum of Muscat have been completely satisfactory to both parties. And for this reason, the renewal of said negotiations would lead to no other result than to be the source of fresh difficulties.

It is also evident that, according to the agreement made at Constantinople, and according to the paper given to the Persian Government by Meerza Hashem, in respect to his renouncing the asylum of the British Mission, he will hereafter have no connection

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