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or publicly, the subjects of the Persian Government, and they shall never suffer a departure from the principles here laid down and agreed to by mutual consent.

And it is further understood, that if any of those Consuls shall engage in trade, they shall be subjected to the same laws and usages to which private individuals of their nation engaged in commercial pursuits in the same place are subjected.

And it is also understood by the High Contracting Parties, that the Diplomatic and Consular Agents of The United States shall not employ a greater number of domestics than is allowed by Treaty to those of Russia residing in Persia.

VIII. And the High Contracting Parties agree that the present Treaty of Friendship and Commerce, cemented by the sincere good feeling and the confidence which exists between the Governments of The United States and Persia, shall be in force for the term of 10 years from the exchange of its ratification; and if, before the expiration of the first 10 years, neither of the High Contracting Parties shall have announced, by official notification to the other, its intention to arrest the operation of said Treaty, it shall remain binding for one year beyond that time, and so on until the expiration of twelve months, which will follow a similar notification, whatever the time may be at which it may take place; and the Plenipotentiaries of the two High Contracting Parties further agree to exchange the ratifications of their respective Governments at Constantinople in the space of six months, or earlier, if practicable.

In faith of which, the respective Plenipotentiaries of the two High Contracting Parties have signed the present Treaty, and have attached their seals to it.

Done in duplicate in Persian and English, the 13th day of December, 1856, and of the Hijereh the 15th day of the moon of Eebiul Sany, 1273, at Constantinople.


CORRESPONDENCE between Great Britain and The United States, relative to Recruiting in The United States; and the Neutrality of The United States in the War between Great Britain and Russia.—1854, 1855.

No. 1.—Consul Barclay to the Earl of Clarendon.{Rec.Jan.%1, 1855.) (Extract) New York, December 23, 1854.

1 Have the honour to transmit herewith to your Lordship a copy of a letter which I addressed to Her Majesty's Minister at Washington, containing information concerning the desire which tiists here, on the part of a large number of efficient men, of enlisting in ller Majesty's army to serve in the present war. Tie Earl of Clarendon. A. BAECLAY.

(Inclosure.')Consul Barclay to Mr. Crampfon. (Extract.) New York, December 22, 1854.

I Beg to acquaint you that the sudden and total stagnation of trade and commerce has, within a few weeks past, thrown out of employ thousands of sturdy men in this State, a large proportion of whom are native British subjects. Numerous applications are made to me daily, to know whether I will pay the passages of the applicants to England to enable them to enlist there, and several of them hare offered to pledge themselves to take with them hundreds— others, thousands—with the same intention; and one fine intelligent fellow said that ho would guarantee 25,000 men to leave this port as recruits within a month, himself being one, if they had the means of defraying their expenses across the Atlantic, and that, if they cannot be arranged here, he would go to England for the purpose.

1 am grieved that the Neutrality Laws prevent any aid being given to these volunteers; so apt a time will not occur again, for they are at present not earning their daily bread, and are in great solicitude about their increased necessities during the severe season of winter on which we are just entering.

I have replied to the applicants that no pecuniary aid or encouragement could be given, nor any agreement be entered into, to induce them to go and offer themselves; but that, as recruiting for the army was going on, there could be little doubt that the Government would reimburse the reasonable expense of passage of such as were accepted after the customary examination.

They appear very eager to embark, but I apprehend that the want of an assurance that tho expense of passage-money will be refunded to those whose services may be accepted will prevent many from embarking, and the want of means will prevent many more.

It is said that the free disbursement of cash by Eussian agents here lias roused the patriotism of native British subjects, who, iiot being apprised of the existence of the Neutrality Laws and their penalties, suppose that the Government of their mother country cannot be less active in the application of its funds for the public service. Americans also—several surgeons and one commissioned officer of infantry—have offered to serve. J. F. Cratnpton, E*q. A. BAECLAY. No. 2.—Consul Boweroft to the Earl of Clarendon.(Sec. Jan. 23.) (Extract.) Cincinnati, January 5, 1855.

The passing of the Foreign Enlistment Bill has attracted the notice of persons here, and has given rise to an offer which I think it my duty to communicate without delay.

The offer is this:

1. To convey 500 Germans to Liverpool, there to take service with the British Government.

2. The payment of the conveyance of such 500 to be made after their arrival and enrolment at Liverpool.

3. These 500 to be, for the most part, trained soldiers, and fit for immediate service.

4. Most of them, it is averred, are men who served in the Mexican war.

I have made private inquiries, and have reason to believe that the party making this proposal is a competent person, and I hear nothing unfavourable to his character.

Of course I hear all that is said to me; but I have made no. other reply to this proposal than to request that any communication which the party had to make might be made in writing.

With respect to the animus which may have prompted this offer, I will make the following observation: Public opinion in this city and State and in the adjacent States, and generally, and I might say universally, throughout the interior, where the true American opinion is best to be gathered, is decidedly favourable to Great Britain in respect to the Russian war. This favourable opinion pervades all classes. I speak only of the interior, as it is my Consular district, leaving those on the sea-board to report according to their information; but I can confidently affirm that this favourable feeling is prevalent throughout the whole of The United States.

With respect to the remarkable circumstance of 500 Germans being ready to quit this country, and abandon their pursuits, with the high wages accompanying mechanical labour, the reply is, that "they are adventurous men," and that "they are fond of that sort of life," &c.

This is all the information which I am able to communicate at the present moment.

I beg to assure your Lordship that no fear need be entertained of my committing myself or the Government.

At present I have only to communicate the proposal which I have described and which I could not help hearing. I hasten to make it known to your Lordship, and I respectfully await your Lordship's instructions in respect to this or any similar offer. The Earl of Clarendon. CHAS. ROWCKOFT. fib. 3.—Consul Roweroft to the Earl of Clarendon.(Bee. Jan 31.) (Eitract) Cincinnati, January 12, 1855.

Sisce I had the honour to forward to your Lordship my despatch of the 5th of January of the present year, I have had further communications from the gentleman who made the proposal relative to the Foreign Legion therein mentioned.

His proposal, as I communicated in that despatch, is to convey 500 Germans to Liverpool, there to take service with the British Government.

He now offers to increase this number to 1,000 men, all trained soldiers who have served in Europe or The United States, of ages not more than 35 years, practised in the use of the rifle, and fit for immediate service.

Five hundred of these men he could engage to land at Liverpool, or other place appointed, immediately, and 500 more within a • month.

He stipulates that they shall be officered by their own countrymen, who will accompany them or meet them at the appointed port of debarkation. He reckons these officers to be about 15.

TCith respect to the remarkable circumstance of so many as 500 Germans being ready to quit this country and their lucrative occupations (for all mechanics here earn from two to three dollars a-day), it may be observed, that great distress has prevailed for some months past here and in the surrounding parts, among all classes, io whitb. the employed have severely participated; and that it is here, in the interior, and especially in Cincinnati, that the German emigrants mostly congregate. In this city alone there are more ttao 40,000 Germans; the neighbouring State of Indiana (westward), and the State of Illinois (the next State westward of Indiana), contain a large number of Germans; and in the city of Louisville, in the neighbouring State of Kentucky (southward), about 130 miles from Cincinnati, many German soldiers, who have served in Europe and in The United States, have fixed their abode; w that this city of Cincinnati has become the central rendezvous of the Germans, and the western and interior States their chosen locations.

I will add, with reference to the Neutrality Laws, that the men

ftas proposed to be landed at Liverpool are represented to me to

be not Americans but Germans.

Earl of Clarendon. CHAS. EOWCKOFT.

, ^.—Consul Matheic to Mr. Hammond.(Received January 31.) (Eitract.) Philadelphia, January 15, 1855.

Proposals were some time since made to me, with regard to Scoteh and German recruits, from residents in the State of New



York; but I felt it right, from various circumstances, that any communication with Her Majesty's Minister or the Foreign Office should come from Her Majesty's Consul at New York.

From time to time a considerable number of men, for sea and laud service, have applied to me. I regret that Her Majesty's Minister at Washington has not felt authorized to permit my intervention in their behalf.

E Hammond, Esq. GEO. B. MATHEVV.

No. 5.— Consul Mure to the Earl of Clarendon.(Jtec. Feb. 2.) (Extract.) New Orleans, January 4, 1855.

Sevebal British subjects, principally Irishmen, have recently applied to me to be returned to England in order that they may join the military and naval service. I have written to Mr. Crampton for instructions on the subject.

The Earl of Clarendon. W. MURE

No. 6.—Mr. Merivale to Mr. Hammond.{Received February 2.) Sib, Downing Street, February 2, 1855.

I Am directed by Secretary Sir George Grey to transmit, for the information of the Earl of Clarendon, the copy of a despatch from the Governor of Canada, forwarding a copy of a communication from a German officer of the late Schleswig-Holstein army, offering the services of himself and other members of that late force, who are living in the United States of America, to Her Majesty's Government in the formation of the Foreign Legion.

I have, &c.


(Inclosure 1.)—Sir Edmund Head to Sir O. Grey. (Extract.) Government House, Quebec, January 12, 1855

I Hive the honour to inclose a copy of a paper which I have received this day from New York.

I have sent a copy of this paper to the British Consul at New York, and have requested him to collect all possible information with reference to the persons from whom it professes to come, and I have also told him that it will be expedient that he should communicate such information, when obtained, to the English Government.

Sir G. Grey. E. HEAD.

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