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Her Majesty commands us to recommend to your consideration the expediency of renewing for a further period the privileges of the Bank of England, tlie conditions imposed on the issue of bank notes in the United Kingdom, and the state of the law relating to Joint Stock Banks.
Her Majesty commands us to express the gratification which it affords Her to witness the general well-being and contentment of Her people, and to find that, notwithstanding the sacrifices unavoidably attendant upon such a war as that which has lately terminated, the resources of the country remain unimpaired, and its productive industry continues unchecked in its course of progressive development.
Her Majesty commits with confidence the great interests of the country to your wisdom and care, and she fervently prays that the blessing of Almighty God may attend your deliberations, and prosper your councils, for the advancement of the welfare and happiness of Her loyal and faithful people.
SPEECH of the Lords Commissioners, on the Closing of the British Parliament.—Westminster, March 21, 1857.
My Lords and Oentlemen,
Vi are commanded by Her Majesty to inform you, that in releasing you at this early period from your attendance in Parliament it ia Her Majesty's intention immediately to dissolve the present Parliament, in order to ascertain in the most constitutional manner the sense of her people upon the present state of public affairs.
Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
"We are commanded by Her Majesty to thank you for the liberal provision which you have made for the exigencies of the public service during the period that will elapse before the new Parliament which Her Majesty will direct immediately to be called, shall have been able to give its deliberate attention to these matters.
My Lords and Gentlemen,
"We are commanded by Her Majesty to express the satisfaction which she feels at your having been able, during the present session, materially to reduce the burthens of her people.
Her Majesty commands us to assure you, that it is her fervent prayer, that the several constituencies of the United Kingdom, upon whom will devolve the exercise of those high functions which by the Constitution belong to them, may be guided by au All-wise Providence to the selection of Bepresentatives whose wisdom and patriotism may aid Her Majesty in her constant endeavours to maintain the honour and dignity of her Crown, and to promote the welfare and happiness of her people.
SPEECH of the Lords Commissioners, on the Opening of the British Parliament.—Westminster, May 7, 1857.
My Lords and Gentlemen,
"we are commanded to inform you that Her Majesty has availed herself of the earliest opportunity of having recourse to your advice and assistance after the dissolution of the last Parliament; and Her Majesty trusts that there will be found sufficient time during the present session to enable you satisfactorily to deal with various important matters, some of which had occupied the attention of Parliament in the beginning of this year.
"We are commanded by Her Majesty to inform you that the general aspect of affairs in Europe affords a well-grounded confidence in the continuance of peace.
All the main stipulations of the Treaty of Paris have been carried into execution, and it is to be hoped that what remains to be done with regard to those matters will be speedily accomplished.
The negotiations upon the subject of the differences which had arisen betweeen the King of Prussia and the Swiss Confederation, in regard to the affairs of Neucliatel, are drawing to a close, and will, Her Majesty trusts, be terminated by an arrangement honourable and satisfactory to all parties.
The negotiations in which Her Majesty has been engaged with the Government of The United States, and with the Government of Honduras, in regard to the affairs of Central America, have not yet been brought to a close.
We are commanded by Her Majesty to inform you that a Treaty of Peace between Her Majesty and the Shah of Persia was signed at Paris on the 4th of March, by Her Majesty's Ambassador at Paris and by the Ambassador of the Shah; and Her Majesty will give directions that this Treaty shall be laid before you as soon as the ratifications thereof shall have been duly exchanged.
Her Majesty commands us to express to you her regret that, at the date of the latest advices from China, the differences which had arisen between the High Commissioner at Canton and Her Majesty's civil and naval officers in China still remained unadjusted. But Her Majesty has sent to China a Plenipotentiary fully instructed to deal with all matters of difference, and that the Plenipotentiary -will be supported by an adequate naval and military force, in the event of such assistance becoming necessary.
We are commanded to inform you, that Her Majesty, in conjunction with several other European Powers, has concluded a Treaty with the King of Denmark for the redemption of the Sound dues. This Treaty, together with a separate Convention between Her Majesty and the King of Denmark, completing the arrangement, will be laid before you, and Her Majesty will cause the measures necessary for fulfilling the engagements thereby contracted to be submitted for your consideration.
Gentlemen of the Blouse of Commons,
Her Majesty has directed the estimates for the present year to be laid before you.
They have been prepared with a careful attention to economy, and with a due regard to the efficiency of the departments of the public service to which they severally relate. My Lords and Gentlemen,
Her Majesty commands us to recommend to your earnest consideration measures which will be proposed to you for the consolidation and improvement of the law.
Bills will be submitted to you for improving the laws relating to the testamentary and matrimonial jurisdiction now exercised by the ecclesiastical courts, and also for checking fraudulent breaches of trust.
Her Majesty commands us to express to you her heartfelt gratification at witnessing the continued well-being and contentment of her people, and the progressive development of productive industry throughout her dominions.
Her Majesty confidently commits to your wisdom and care the great interests of her Empire, and fervently prays that the blessing of Almighty God may be vouchsafed to your deliberations, and may lead you to conclusions conducive to the objects of Her Majesty's constant solicitude, the welfare and happiness of her loyal and faithful people.
SPEECH of the Lords Commissioners, on the Closing of the British Parliament.—Westminster, August 28, 1857.
My Lords and Gentlemen,
We are commanded by Her Majesty to releaso you from further attendance in Parliament, and at the same time to express to joU
Her Majesty's cordial acknowledgments for the zeal and assiduity with which you have performed your important duties during n. session which, though shorter than usual, has nevertheless heen unusually laborious.
Her Majesty commands us to express to you her satisfaction that the present state of affairs in Europe inspires a well-grounded confidence in the continuance of peace.
The arrangements connected with the full execution of the stipulations of the Treaty of Paris have, from various causes, not yet been completed; but Her Majesty trusts that by the earnest efforts of the Contracting Parties to that Treaty, all that remains to be done with reference to its stipulations may, ere long, be satisfactorily settled.
Her Majesty commands us to inform you that the extensive mutinies which have broken out among the native troops of the Army of Bengal, followed by serious disturbances in many parts of that Presidency, have occasioned to Her Majesty extreme concern; and the barbarities which have been inflicted upon many of Her Majesty's subjects in India, and the sufferings which they have endured, have filled Her Majesty's heart with the deepest grief; while the conduct of many civil and military officers, who have been placed in circumstances of much difficulty, and have been exposed to great danger, has excited Her Majesty's warmest admiration.
Her Majesty commands us to inform you, that she will omit no measure calculated to quell these grave disorders; and Her Majesty is confident that, with the blessing of Providence, the powerful means at her disposal will enable her to accomplish that end.
Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
Her Majesty commands us to thank you for the liberal supplies which you have voted for the service of the present year, and for the assurances which you have given her of your readiness to afford Her Majesty whatever support may be necessary for the restoration of tranquillity in India.
Her Majesty has been gratified to find that you have been enabled to provide the amount required to be paid to Denmark for the redemption of the Sound dues, without on that account adding to the National Debt.
My Lords and Gentlemen,
Her Majesty commands us to convey to you her heartfelt acknowledgments for the provision which you have made for her beloved daughter, the Princess Royal, on her approaching marriage with His Royal Highness Prince Frederick William of Prussia.
Her Majesty commands us to inform you that she has seen with satisfaction that, although the present session has been short, you have been able to pass many Acts of great importance, and to which Her Majesty has given her cordial assent.
The Acts for establishing a more efficient jurisdiction for the proving of wills in England and Ireland, correct defects which have for many years been complained of.
The Act for amending the law relating to Divorce and to Matrimonial Causes will remedy evils which have long been felt.
The several Acts for tho punishment of fraudulent breaches of trust;
For amending the law relating to secondary punishments;
For amending the law concerning Joint Stock Banks;
For consolidating and amending the law relating to bankruptcy and insolvency in Ireland;
For the better care and treatment of pauper lunatics in Scotland;
For improving the organization of the County Police in Scotland;
Together with other Acts of less importance, but likewise tending to the progressive improvement of the law, have met with Her Majesty's ready assent.
We are commanded by Her Majesty to express to you Her confidence that, on your return to your several counties, you will employ that influence which so justly belongs to you, to promote the welfare and happiness of her loyal and faithful people; and she prays that the blessing of Almighty God may attend and prosper your endeavours.
SPEECH of The Queen, on the Opening of the British Parliament.—Westminster, December 3, 1857.
My Lords and Gentlemen.
Circumstances have recently arisen, connected with the commercial interests of the country, which have induced me to call Parliament together before the usual time.
The failure of certain Joint Stock Banks and of some commercial firms, produced such an extent of distrust as led me to authorize my Miuisters to recommend to the Directors of the Bank of England the adoption of a course of proceedings which appeared necessary for allaying the prev«lent alarm. As that course has involved a departure from the existing law, a Bill for indemnifying