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(Inclosure.)Law liberating Slaves upon entering the Kingdom of (Translation.) Portugal.

Abt. I. All slaves embarked on board of Portuguese vessels become free on entering any port or anchorage of the Kingdom of Portugal, or of the Archipelagoes of Madeira and the Azores.

II. All slaves belonging to foreigners shall become equally free on landing in any of the Portuguese territories above mentioned.

§. With regard to such slaves as, although they have become free by virtue of the provisions of the preceding Articles, will have to be given up to the Commanders of the vessels to which they belong, the provisions of Treaties entered into with foreign nations shall be observed.

III. The provisions of the preceding Articles are applicable to slaves entering the Kingdom of Portugal by the frontier.

IV. The stipulations contained in the two first Articles shall come into execution six months from the date of the publication of this law in the " Diario do Governo."

V. The stipulations of Articles I and II of this law shall be observed in the territories forming the States of India, and in the city of Macao and its dependencies. The period treated of in Article IV shall be extended to one year for these territories.

VI. The Alvara of the 10th March, 1800, and all other legislative enactments to the contrary, are hereby revoked.

No. 359.—Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.(Bee. August 3.) My Lord, Lisbon, July 27,1856.

I Uave the honour to inclose a translation of a State Paper signed on the 25th instant, by the Viscount de Sa da Bandeira, as Minister of the Marine and Colonies, and published in yesterday's official " Gazette," directing the Governor of Macao, by order of the King of Portugal, to report whether and on what terms slavery, which is stated to be happily extinct de facto in that city, can be proclaimed to be likewise extinct dejure.

I have, &c.

The Earl of Clarendon. HENfiY F. HOWABD.

(Inclosure.)Instruction to the Governor of Macao respecting the Extinction of Slavery.

Palace, July 25, 1850. His Majesty the King having been made acquainted with the despatch from the Governor of the province of Macao, Timor, and Solor, dated 7th May last, which inclosed a copy of the despatch addressed to him by the Board of Guardians of Slaves and Liberated Negroos, representing the impossibility, or rather the uselessness,

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of applying to them the provisions of the Decree of 14-th December, 1854; and TTia Majesty observing, from what is set fortli by the said Board, and confirmed by the Governor in his despatch, that slavery may be considered extinct at Macao, and that the few individuals still registered as slaves and liberated negroes, can hardly be termed such, inasmuch as they remain voluntarily with their masters as honsehold servants, owing to their ignorance of a mechanical trade, and to their being almost all of an advanced age; from which circumstance the inference may be drawn that, without inconvenience or loss to the masters of those so-called slaves, but rather with their good will, and with much credit to their sentiments of humanity, Blavery might be declared extinct in the city of Macao de jure, as happily it is already de facto, thus obtaining the honour of being the first of the Portuguese colonies where this great principle of civilization was proclaimed: His August Majesty command*, through the Marine and Colonial Department, that the said Governor, in presenting these views to the Colonial Government in Council, shall give information through the same department as Id whether they can be carried out, and as to the best method for so doing.

VISCOUNT DE SA DA BANDEIEA.

So. 361.—Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.(Bee. August 11.) Mr Lonv, Lisbon, August 2, 18SG.

With reference to my despatch of the 28th of .Tune last, I have the honour of transmitting herewith a translation of the law therein referred to, dated the 24th ultimo, and published in the official Gazette of the 30th of the latter month, providing for the freedom of the children of female slaves born in the transmarine provinces of Portugal, subsequently to its publication.

I have, &c.

The Earl of Clarendon. HENEY E. HOWARD.

(Inchmire.)Law providing for Freedom of Children of Female Slaves in the Transmarine Provinces of Portugal.July 24, 185G. (Translation.)

Dom Pedro, by the grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarves, &c.

We hereby make known to all our subjects that the General Cortes have decreed, and we confirm the following law:

Art. I. The children of female slaves born in the transmarine provinces, subsequently to the publication of this law, shall be considered free.

II. The children of female slaves mentioned in the preceding Article are bound to serve their mothers' masters gratuitously up to the age of 20 years.

III. The owners of female slaves are bound to provide for the board and education of such children as are born of them subsequently to the publication of this law, during the whole period of their gratuitous service.

IV. The service of the children of females, as specified in Article II, shall cease whenever the person having a right to such service shall be compensated, either for the value of the remaining period of service according to the said Article, or for the expenses incurred for board and education as provided by the preceding Article.

§. The Government, in concert with the Colonial Board, shall take such measures and frame such regulations as may be found necessary for determining the mode of compensation in such cases as may demand it, and with reference to the local circumstances, and to the different manners and customs.

V. In sales or transfer of female slaves, either made by contract during lifetime, by testamentary dispositions, or by right of succession, the children of such slaves declared free by virtue of this lav, and not exceeding seven years of age, shall always accompany their mothers.

VI. The children of female slaves not exceeding the age ot . four years shall be delivered up to their mothers when the latter

obtain their liberty, provided they wish to take them, and in that case the engagements contained in Articles II and III of this Law shall cease.

VII. The owners of female slaves are also bound to maintain the children of the daughters of such slaves, provided that the mothers respectively are entitled to their maintenance, as specified in Article III of this Law. This engagement, however,on the part ot the owners, shall cease as soon as their right to the gratuitous service of the mothers of such children ceases.

VIII. The Boards of Guardians for slaves shall see that the provisions of this Law are faithfully carried out.

IX. The Government are hereby authorized to create any establishments or associations, and to make the necessary outlay, in order to afford due protection to the children of female slaves mentioned in Article I, as well as to the effect that this Law may be tally and promptly executed.

X. All Legislative enactments to the contrary are hereby revoked.

"We therefore command all the authorities to whom the knowledge and execution of the said Law may apply, to carry it out, and cause it to bo carried out and observed as fully ;vs contained therein.

The Secretary of State for Marine and Colonial Affairs shall cause it to be printed, published, and circulated.

Given at the Palace of Cintra, on the 24th July, 1856. Viscount Sa Da Bandeiba. KING.

(Royal Seal.)

No. 362.—Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.{Bee. August 11.) My Loed, Lisbon, August 2, 185G.

In my despatch of the 8th ultimo, I had the honour of transmitting translation of a Law of the 30th of June last, extending to the slaves belonging to the Municipal Chambers, and charitable institutions called "misericordias," in the Portuguese colonial possessions,the freedom stipulated by Article VI of the Royal Decree of the 14th of December, 1854, for all slaves belonging to the. State.

I have now the honour of inclosing a copy and translation of a further Law passed by the Cortes during the last days of the session, dated the 25th ultimo, and published in the official Gazette of the 30th of that month, likewise extending the same freedom to the slaves belonging to churches. I have, &c.

The Earl of Clarendon. HENRY P. HOWARD.

(Inclosure.)Law providing for Freedom of Slaves belonging to
Churches in the Dominions of Portugal.July 25, 1850.
(Translation.)
Dom Pedbo, by the grace of God, &c.

We hereby make known to all our subjects that the General Cortes have decreed, and we confirm the following Law:—

Art. I. The provision contained in the single § to Article 6, cap. 2, of the Decree of 14th December, 1854, is made extensive to the slaves belonging to churches.

II. The provisions contained in Article 29 and its §, of the said Decree of 14th December, 1854, are applicable to the slaves mentioned in the preceding Article.

III. All Legislative enactments to the contrary are hereby revoked.

We therefore command all the authorities to whom the knowledge and execution of the said Law may apply, to carry it out, and cause it to be carried out and observed as fully as therein specified. The Secretary of State for Marine and Colonial Affairs shall cause it to be printed, published, and circulated.

Given at the Palace at Ciutra on 25th July, 1856. Viscount Sa Da Bandeiba. . KING.

(Eoyal Seal.)

No. 363.—Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.—(Rec. Sept. 3.) Mi Loed, Lisbon, August 26, 1856.

With reference to my despatch of the 18th ultimo, I have the honour of inclosing a translation of the Law signed by the King of Portugal on the 18th instant, and published in the "Diario do Governo" of yesterday's date, providing for the freedom of all slave3 entering, in Portuguese or foreign vessels, the ports or anchorageof the continent of Portugal and of the adjacent islands, as well as the Portuguese possessions in India and the city of Macao, or arriving in the continent of Portugal by the land frontier.

I have, &c.

The Earl of Clarendon. HENRY F. HOWABD.

(Inclosure.)Law providing for Liberation of Slaves on entering th
(Translation.) Kingdom of Portugal.August IS, 1S56.
Don Pedbo, by the Grace of God, &c.

We make known to all our subjects that the General Cortes have decreed, and we confirm, the following Law:

Aet. I. All slaves shipped on board of Portuguese vessels, on entering any port or anchorage of the Kingdom of Portugal, or of the archipelagoes of Madeira and of the Azores, shall be considered as free.

II. All slaves belonging to foreigners, and landing in the above-mentioned Portuguese territories, shall also be considered free.

Single §. With regard to claims made for the delivery of individuals comprehended in the two preceding Articles, to the commanders of their respective ships, the stipulations of existing Treaties shall be observed.

III. The provisions contained in the preceding Articles are applicable to slaves entering the Kingdom of Portugal by the frontier.

IV. The provisions contained in the two first Articles shall come into execution six months from the publication of this Law in the " Diario do Governo."

V. Tiie provisions of Articles I and II of this Law shall 1* observed in the territories forming the Indian State, and in the city of Macao and its dependencies. The term mentioned in Article 4, shall bo extended to one year for these territories.

VI. The Alvard of 10th March, 1800, and all Legislative enactments to the contrary, are hereby revoked.

We therefore command all the authorities, &c.

Given at the Palace of Cintra, August 18,1850. Mabquis De Loule. KINGJumo Gomez Da Silva Sanchez. Viscoxde He Sa Da Bandeiba.

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