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(Inclosure.)Portaria. (Translation.) Palace, October 20,1856.

Although various circumstances do not permit the immediate cessation of the condition of slavery in every part of the Portuguese Monarchy, His Majesty the King is desirous that such conditioa should be gradually abolished, and at the earliest possible period, without prejudice to the legally vested rights of slave owners, according to the provisions of the Law of the 5th of July last, published in the offioial "Gazette" of the 15th of the same month, regarding the district of Ambriz; and His Majesty, considering the small number of slaves now held in some islands of the archipelago of Cape Verd, as well as the little importance which slavery appears to have in those islands, directs, through the Secretary of State'» Office for the affairs of Marino and Colonies, the Governor-General of the Province of Cape Verd to report whether it may be possible, either now, or at some later period, to proclaim the entire cessation of slavery in one or more of those islands, while allowing, with this object, sufficient time for slaveholders in the islands in which slavery is to be abolished, to dispose of their slaves in the other islands in a similar manner to that provided in the said Law for Ambriz.

SA DA BANDEIBA.

No. 400.—Mr. Howard to tie Earl of Clarendon—{Bee. Bee. 3.) My Loed, Lisbon, November 28, 1856.

I Hate the honour of transmitting herewith translation of a Portaria issued by the Minister of Marine and Colonies, Yiscount de Sa da Bandeira, on the 19th instant, by command of the King of Portugal, and published in the "Diario do Governo" of the 20th instant, setting forth the expediency of the children of the principal native Chiefs, and other potentates of Angola, being well acquainted with the Portuguese language, and receiving a regular education which may qualify them for following the usages of civilized life, and directing the Governor-General of that Province, with that view, to employ the means he may think most fit in order to bring the children of the most notable of those Chiefs as scholars to Loanda, for the purpose of being well instructed in the Portuguese language, in reading, writing, and arithmetic, and in the Christian doctrine. I have, &c.

The Earl of Clarendon. HENET F. HOWABD.

( Tnclosure.)Portaria. (Translation.) Palace, November 19, 1S56.

As it is expedient that the sons of the principal Chief. Sobas, and other Potentates of the Province of Angola, should be well acquainted with the Portuguese language, and should have an education which may qualify them for following the practices of ciyilized life: His Majesty ordains, through the Secretary of State for the Marine Department and the Colonies, that the GovernorGeneral of that Province, employing all the means he may think most proper, should require that the sons of the most notable Chiefs be sent as pupils to Loanda, in order to learn the Portuguese language, reading, writing, and arithmetic, and Christian doctrine; the said Governor-General being authorized to assemble these pupils in a proper edifice, under the tuition of masters, and to expend the necessary sums for their board, their clothing in the European style, and their education; for which purpose the items of the corresponding expenditure will be examined before a financial board, in order to be included at the proper time in the general estimate of receipts and expenditure of the Province.

VISCOUNT DE SA DA BANDEIEA.

Ifo. 409.—The Earl of Clarendon to Mr. Howard. Sir, Foreign Office, December 26,1856.

I Transmit to you herewith a copy of a despatch which I have received from Her Majesty's Commissioners at Loanda, commenting upon the proceedings of the Board of Protection established in the Colony of Angola under the provisions of the Portuguese Decree of the 14th of December, 1854, for the registration and partial emancipation of slaves in the Portuguese Colonial Possessions.

Tou will perceive that the Commissioners accuse the Board of having misappropriated the funds in their possession, inasmuch as they lent to the Colonial Government, for the purpose of carrying out the expedition undertaken to the mines ofEncoge, the money assigned to the Board of Protection from the product of the registration fees, and which should, in accordance with the spirit of the Decree above referred to, have been applied for the education and instruction of the libertos and slaves, instead of being diverted to the purposes for which they have been applied. Moreover, the conduct of the Board of Protection in refusing to receive from the slave Fabiao, as the price of his manumission, the sum at which he had been originally valued, and their subsequent proceedings with regard to this man, appear to be in direct opposition to the letter and spirit of the Decree of the 14th December, 1854, which secured to the whole slave population the privilege of purchasing their own freedom at a valuation to be conducted upon fair and liberal principles; and I have to instruct you to bring these matters under the consideration of the Portuguese Government, who will doubtless take measures to prevent a recurrence of similar proceedings on the

part of the Board. I am, <tc.

H. F. Howard, Esa. CLARENDON.

iVb. 414.—Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.{Bee. Dec. 29.) My Loed, Lisbon, December 19,1856.

I Have the honour of transmitting, herewith, a translation of a Royal Decree of the 3rd ultimo, published in the "Diario do Governo" of the 9th instant, abolishing in all the territories of the Province of Angola the forced labour called " servico de carregadores" (porter's service), and other forced labour hitherto exacted from the free negroes.

Viscount Sa da Bandeira, the Minister of Marine and Colonies, on whose proposal the Decree is issued, tells me that he had been endeavouring, for a long series of years, to effect the object which it has in view; that lie attempted to do so when Minister at a former period, by the Portaria of January 31, 1839, referred to in the Decree; but that his successor in office having given up the Portaria after it had only been twelve months in operation, he had now had recourse to the form of a Boyal Decree, in order to carry out his views.

A second ©eoree, bearing the same date, enacts an increase in the tribute called " dizimo," paid by the free negroes in such of the districts of the Province of Angola as furnished "carregadores." The preamble of this Decree states, that in consequence of the great benefits conferred upon these negroes by the abolition of the system of forced labour hitherto exacted from them, and by the improvement in the means of internal communication between different parts of the province, as contained in the provisions of the first-mentioned Decree, they will be enabled to pay with ease a higher rate of contribution than that to which they are at present subjected. This contribution, it is stated, can, without pressing heavily, be progressively raised to the maximum annual sum of 1,400 reis provincial currency (about 3*. lid.) for each hearth, exclusive of the sum of 200 reis at present paid for each hearth, under the same denomination; this increase being at the rate of 600 reis (about 1*. 8d.) for the first year, and to reach the specified maximum in three years, the total sum being still inferior to that exacted from free negroes residing in other parts of Africa subject to the dominion of foreign Powers, and whose social condition does not differ from that of the negroes of Angola. In the body of the Decree it ia stipulated that this tribute (" tributo de dizimo" ) may be paid cither in money or in the produce of the Province of Angola, such as coffee, cotton, iron, cattle, but never in goods produced or niauufactored out of the province; the inhabitants of the chief towns must, however, pay the tribute in money. The Governor-General in Council is empowered to extend the provisions of the Decree to the other Districts and Presidencies of the Province, according as their respective circumstances may admit of it.

I have, &c.

The Earl of Clarendon. HENET P. HOWARD.

(Tnclosure.)Decree abolishing Compulsory Labour of Free Negroes

in Angola.

(Translation.) Palace, November 3, 1856.

It being strictly in accordance with justice to abolish, as soon as possible, the abusive practice which has existed from remote times in a portion of the territories of the Province of Angola, consisting in obliging free negroes, Portuguese subjects, to perform the laborious work entitled there "porter's service" (" servico de carregadores"); considering that right which, according to the Constitutional Charter of the Monarchy, belongs to all Portuguese subjects, without distinction of race, colour, or religious creed, of disporing of their own labour and industry as it best suits them, ought to be secured to the said free negroes; considering that, far from the enforcing of this compulsory labour being' sanctioned by law, a Royal Order, dated 1796, expressly forbids the exaction of any forced labour from the negroes of Benguella; and that previous Royal enactments provided that in Angola no person might engage the services of free people without paying them; and that a Portaria, dated January 31, 1839, also strictly prohibits the forced labour of "carregadores" in the whole extent of the said province; and inasmuch as this abuse, being promoted and kept up by avarice, and exercised in opposition to these Royal provisions, has annulled the right of the above-mentioned negroes to dispose freely of their own labour; considering that the argument put forward for preventing the abolition of this vexatious practice, viz., that if the negroes were not forced to perform the said service (" de carregadores"), all trade with the interior of the province would cease, as well as that with the independent tribes in the interior, is a pretext, to be classed with those made use of by the advocates of slavery, against the adversaries of such iniquity; inasmuch as in all the Portuguese territories of Angola where the said forced labour is not exacted, free negroes are to be found who voluntarily hire themselves for the purpose of conveying the merchants' goods, and during the period that the said Portaria of January 31, 1839, was in execution in that province, free negroes came to offer their services for conveying cargoes, in the same manner as the free negroes of Bihe, Songo, and various other places, do now, in the same province, as well as in all the Portuguese territories in Guinea and in Eastern Africa. Finally, considering that such violence ought no longer to be tolerated, it having for more than a century been stigmatized by various zealous and intelligent authorities of that province, who considered it as the cause of serious impediment to the advancement of the province, and conforming with the reports of the Colonial Board, dated respectively December 10, 1851, and September 12,1854,1 think it right to decree the following:

Abt. I. The forced labour called "servico de carregadores" is hereby abolished and prohibited iu all the territories of the Province of Angola, without any exception.

II. All other forced labour, of whatsoever denomination, is also abolished.

Single §. The following are not included in the above provision:

1st. Military service, and the services to which the inhabitants of the continental portion of the Kingdom and adjacent islands are bound according to law.

2nd. The service set forth in Article 3 of this Decree.

3rd. The service of the sluices or dykes, for preventing the ravages of inundations, and which ia called there "servico de bongues."

III. The inhabitants of the districts and presidencies of the province are also obliged to contribute towards the service of the construction and repairs of the roads in their respective districts, in the proportion not to exceed twelve days' labour, either consecutive or otherwise, to be furnished in person or by a substitute, in each year.

Single §. The Governor-General in Council shall, as soon as possible, propose the roads to be opened first, and all else relating to the internal intercourse of the Province of Angola, and transmit a detailed report thereof, together with estimates of the outlay.

IV. ThiB Decree shall be published in the " Boletim Official" of the Governorship of Angola, as soon as received at Loanda, and without delay published in all the districts and presidencies, by proclamation, in the usual manner, in order that it may be carried out fully throughout the province, at the expiration of ninety days from its publication in the above-mentioned " Boletim."

V. Any of the authorities who may, subsequently to the publication of the present Decree, be convicted of having obliged, directly or indirectly, or consented, that any of the free inhabitants of the Province of Angola should be forced to perform the compulsory labours abolished by the present Decree, shall be dismissed from his post, and shall make compensation to the individuals thus injured, such compensation to be adjudged in accordance with the Penal Code. The Viscount Sa da Bandoira, Peer of the Realm, Minister

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