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and Secretary of State for Marine and Colonial Affairs, shall thus understand and cause it to be carried out.

Viscoust De Sa Da Bandeiea. KING.

No. 415.—Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.{Bee. Bee. 29.) Mt Lord, Lisbon, December 19, 1856.

I Hate the honour of transmitting herewith a translation of a Portaria of the 5th ultimo, addressed by Viscount Sa da Bandeira to the Governors of all the Transmarine Provinces of Portugal, and published in the " Diario do Governo" of the 9th instant, containing directions with a view to secure the full enjoyment of freedom by liberated negroes being entitled to it, I have, &c.

The Earl of Clarendon. HENEY P. HOWAED.

(Indosure.)Decree securing the Enfranchisement of Liberated

Negroes.

(Translation.) Palace, November 5, 1856.

His Majesty the King, desiring that no delay or obstacle may be placed to the legal enjoyment of liberty by individuals who, in virtue of legislative enactments, belong to the class of liberated negroes, when once they may have complied with the requirements of the law, and conforming to the representation of the Colonial Board, has thought proper to determine the following:

I. That if there should be found, in any of the transmarine provinces, liberated negroes to whom, from any motive whatsoever, letters of enfranchisement may not have been given in due time by the proper authority, the Governor-General of the province shall immediately furnish them with the same.

II. That as soon as the said liberated negroes may have completed the term of service to which they were bound by law, the GovernorGeneral of the province shall cause them to be declared sui juris, provided they be of age, and if not yet of age he shall cause them to to declared free, subject however to the guardianship of the Board appointed by Article X of the Decree of 14th September, 1854, till «uch time as they become of age. His Majesty commands that the execution of the provisions of this Portaria be strongly urged upon the Governors-General of the transmarine provinces, in order that no delay may ever occur in declaring the full enjoyment of liberty to such liberated negroes as have actually, or may in future have, completed the term of service to which they were bound by law: all of which is made known through the Marine and Colonial Department, to the Governor-General of the Province of Cape Verd, for his information and due performance.

SA DA BANDEIEA.

Similar Portarias were issued to all the Governors of the transmarine provinces.

No. 417.—Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.{Bee. Jan. 14.) My Loed, Lisbon, January 5, 1S57.

Inclosed I have the honour of transmitting a copy of the note which I addressed to the Marquis de Louie on the 3rd instant, bringing under his consideration, in compliance with the instructions contained in your Lordship's despatch of the 26th ultimo, the proceedings, as reported in the despatch of Her Majesty's Commissioners at Loanda to your Lordship, dated the 30th September last, of the Board of Protection established in the Colony of Angola under the provisions of the Portuguese Decree of the 14th December, 1854, for the registration and partial emancipation of slaves in the Portuguese Colonial Possessions, in respect of the loan made by them to the Colonial Government for the purpose of carrying oat the expedition to the mines of Eucoge, and to the case of the slave Fabiao, whom they refused to manumit on the payment by him of the sum at which he had been originally valued.

I have, Ac.

The Earl of Clarendon. HENEY F. HOWABD.

(Inclosure.)Mr. Howard to the Marquis de Louie. SiE, Lisbon, January 3, 1857.

Heb Britannic Majesty's Commissioners at Loanda have reported to Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, two circumstances respecting the proceedings of the Board of Protection, appointed according to the provisions of the Decree of the 14th December, 1854, in the Province of Angola, to which it now becomes my duty, by the instructions of the Earl of Clarendon, to call the attention of His Most Faithful Majesty's Government.

The first of these circumstances is the alleged misappropriation of a portion of the funds of the Board of Protection, which has, upon the application of the Treasury Board, been advanced by way of loan to the Colonial Government for the purpose of carrying out the projected expedition to the mines of Encoge.

Although the Decree of the 14th December, 1854, is silent as to the purposes to which such funds should be applied, yet its spirit seems to point out that the sole object in view must be the improvement, by education and every other possible means, of the slave or liberto, under whichever denomination or class he may be specified, and that to promote this object they should be religiously reserved, from whatever source they proceed.

One of the members of the Board in question, as Her Majesty's Government have been informed, when tho proposition for a loan ■was under discussion, not only pointed out to his colleagues what he apprehended to be their obligations, according to the spirit of the Decree, but also suggested a specific application of their funds with a view to the improvement of the condition of their charge, both socially and morally. His proposal, however, did not meet with that support which it merited, and the casting vote of the President of the Board is stated to have determined the grant of the loan.

The other circumstance which I have been directed to represent to your Excellency, is, according to the Report of Her Majesty's Commissioners, an act of misconduct, for which the parties concerned are amenable to the law, supposing it to have been actually transgressed, or to the censure of the Home Government for their remissness.

The particulars of this case are as follows: A slave of the name of Fabiao, who was valued on the death of his master, Silva, under the authority of the Juiz de Direito, as part of the inheritance of the widow, at 50 milreis, claimed his liberty on the 12th of July last, in virtue of Article XXVII of the Decree of the 14th December, 1854, depositing the amount for which he had been so valued with tho Board of Protection, who instructed the Curator to proceed according to law, causing the slave to be placed in deposit in the meantime, agreeably to Article XXI, and to the 2nd section of Article XXVIII. The Curator allowed a lapse of three days to occur without making any report, and then gave it as his opinion that the slave was not entitled to redeem his liberty at the original valuation, the proceeds of the estate of the deceased master of the (lave having been divided at the time between the heirs thereof. The Board upon this directed the Curator to proceed in the manner prescribed by the Decree; on which he summoned the widow before the Court of Conciliation. On various excuses, however, acquiesced in by the Curator himself, without any attempt to enforce the summons, she did not obey the mandate, until, on the 28th of July, a certain Senhor Jose de Senza de Cruz presented a bill of sale of the said slave, purporting to have been that made to him by the widow, for the sum of 300 milreis, dated the 1st of July, tendering payment at the same time of the 5 per cent, ordered by the 3rd section of Article.XXXVI.

The Treasurer refused to receive this " siza," upon the assurance °f Fabiao that he had no knowledge of his having been sold to Senhor Cruz or any other person j that up to the day of claiming his liberty he had lived as usual, in the house of the widow, and had been in the habit of delivering his daily earnings to her, and receiving orders from her as her slave. In the propriety of this refusal the Treasurer was soon confirmed by the appearance of a public document, in which the widow requires tho Chief of the Police on the 25th of July to cause her slave Fabiao to be taken out of the custody of the person with whom he had been placed in deposit.

This petition was negatived, and three days afterwards, namely, the 28th of July, Senhor Cruz presented this fictitious bill of sale, ante-dated the 1st of the same month; and at the same time deposited, under judicial authority, the amount of the "siza" on the sum alleged to have been paid by him for the slave.

The Court then recognized Senhor Cruz as the owner of Fabiao, and ordered him to be cited before the Court of Conciliation; but no agreement being come to there, the course prescribed by Article XXIII was pursued, and a final award of 300 milreis Wm made by the Arbitrators as a proper compensation to Senhor Crui for a property which he had thus surreptitiously acquired, but to which he had no just or rightful claim. To enable him to defray this, Fabiao petitioned the Board for a loan of 250 milreis, engaging at the same time to repay that sum out of his wages.

The Board replied that the money could not be lent from the funds at their disposal, unless upon interest, and under the further condition that the slave should deposit some article of sufficient value as security for its repayment.

These conditions might have put it out of the power of the slave to obtain his freedom, and been, moreover, the cause of exposing him to much vindictive feeling on the part of his owner, had not the President of the Municipal Chamber, who, as a member of the Board, had voted against the above conditions, offered, on behalf of the slave, to mortgage some article of his own private property for the amount.

This offer was eventually acceded to, [and 250 milreifl were delivered to Fabiao from the funds of the Board, and by him handed oarer to the Curator.

The conduct of the Curator in this business appears to have been very reprehensible; but one of the most scandalous and crying features in the case is, perhaps, the simulated sale in order to put so much money into the widow's pocket, when she found the slave was about to obtain his freedom, and the countenance and aid which she met with in that endeavour in quarters where she ought least to have found such.

Her Majesty's Commissioners have reported their opinion, that much of the mischief occasioned in this instance would have been prevented if the regulations directed by Article XVII of the Decree under which the Board of Protection is constituted, had been drawn up and put in force; but up to the date of their Beport, no such regulations had been promulgated.

On a review of the circumstances so reported to them, Her Majesty's Government consider the refusal of the Board of Protection to receive from the slave Fabiao as the price of his manumission the sum at which he had been originally valued, and their subsequent proceedings with regard to this man, to be in direct opposition to the letter and spirit of the Decree of the 14th of December, 1851, which secured to the whole slave population the privilege of purchasing their own freedom at a valuation to be conducted upon fair and liberal principles.

They have, therefore, directed me to bring this matter, as well as the conduct of the Board of Protection iu granting a loan of their funds to the Colonial Government in prejudice of the objects for which those funds were entrusted to them, under the consideration of His Most Faithful Majesty's Government, in the confident expectation that adequate measures will be taken to prevent a recurrence of similar proceedings. I avail, Ac. The Marquis de Louis'. ^ HENBY F. HOWAED.

No. 418.—Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.(JRec. Jan. 14.) Mi Lord, Lisbon, January 6,1857.

With reference to my despatch of the 27th of July last, inclosing a translation of a Portaria issued on the 25th of that month by the Viscount de Sa da Bandeira, the Minister of Marine and Colonies, directing the Governor of Macao to report upon the feasibility of proclaiming slavery to be extinct de jure in that city, I have the hoaour of transmitting herewith a translation of a Decree signed by the King of Portugal on the 23rd ultimo, and published in the "Diario do Governo" of the 30th of that month, declaring, with reference to the report received from the Governor of Macao, slavery to be at present and for ever abolished in that city and its dependencies, and eulogizing the conduct of the Governor in carrying out His Majesty's instructions, and that of the owners of slaves in Macao in giving the latter their full liberty.

1 have, &c.

The Earl of Clarendon. HENEY F. HOWAED.

{Inclosure.)Law abolishing Slavery in Macao. (Translation.) Palace, December 23, 185G.

My Government having, in a Portaria of the 25th of July of this year, and in consideration of the peculiar circumstances attending the city of Macao, instructed the Governor of that city to state whether it were possible to declare, without delay, that the condition of slavery was dejvre abolished there; and the said Governor having forwarded on the 11th of October laBt, an authentic copy of the deed drawn up in presence of the Judge of that district, in which all the owners of slaves, by an act extremely creditable to them, agreed to consider and to declare all slaves then existing in the city

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