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9. VOLUNTEERS IN THE PARKS ACT OF 1969 1 AN ACT To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to establish a volunteers in the
park program, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Interior (hereinafter referred to as the Secretary) is authorized to recruit, train, and accept without regard to the civil service classification laws, rules, or regulations the services of individuals without compensation as volunteers for or in aid of interpretive functions, or other visitor services or activities in and related to areas administered by the Secretary through the National Park Service. In accepting such services of individuals or volunteers, the Secretary shall not permit the use of volunteers in hazardous duty or law enforcement work or in policymaking processes, or to displace any employee: Provided, That the services of individuals whom the Secretary determined are skilled in performing hazardous activities may be accepted.
Sec. 2. The Secretary is authorized to provide for incidental expenses, such as transportation, uniforms, lodging, and subsistence.
Sec. 3. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a volunteer shall not be deemed a Federal employee and shall not be subject to the provisions of law relating to Federal employment, including those relating to hours of work, rates of compensation, leave, unemployment compensation, and Federal employee bene fits.
(b) For the purpose of the tort claim provisions of title 28 of the United States Code, a volunteer under this Act shall be considered a Federal employee.
(c) For the purposes of subchapter I of chapter 81 of title 5 of the United States Code, relating to compensation to Federal employees for work injuries, volunteers under this Act shall be deemed civil employees of the United States within the meaning of the term "employee" as defined in section 8101 of title 5, United States Code, and the provisions of that subchapter shall apply.
(d) For the purpose of claims relating to damage to, or loss of, personal property of a volunteer incident to volunteer service, a volunteer under this Act shall be considered a Federal employee, and the provisions of 31 U.S.C. 3721 shall apply.
Sec. 4. There are authorized to be appropriated such sums a may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act, but not more than $1,000,000 shall be appropriated in any one year.
SEC. 5. This Act may be cited as the “Volunteers in the Parks Act of 1969."
1 The Volunteers in the Public Act of 1969 (16 U.S.C. 18g-18j), as set forth herein, consists of Public Law 91-357 (July 29, 1970) and amendments thereto.
10. SECTIONS 3 AND 4 OF THE ACT OF OCTOBER 24, 1984 1 SEC. 3. (a) The Congress finds that
(1) the public lands administered by the National Park Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service contain valuable wildlife, scenery, natural and historic features, and other resources;
(2) the Congress has specified the duties and responsibilities of the National Park Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to balance the conservation and protection of these public lands and resources with permitted uses in ways Congress has found to be appropriate for each of the various land areas;
(3) the National Park Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service are currently under congressional mandates to maintain sufficient visitor and recreational services in our national parks, campgrounds, and wildlife refuges;
(4) the Congress has authorized the National Park Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to contract for the provision of certain facilities, accommodations, and services by non-Federal entities, but with certain limitations that reflect the values and appropriate management policies of the various conservation areas, parks, wildlife refuges, and other public lands;
(5) expansion of the contracting authority of the managers of these conservation areas, parks, wildlife refuges, and lands should be considered only after careful study of the existing management mandates and contracting authorities; and
(6) management and regulation of natural resources on Federal lands are inherently Government functions and should be performed by Federal employees. (b)(1)(A) The provisions of Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76 and any similar provisions in any other order or directive shall not apply to activities conducted by the National Park Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Bureau of Land Management which involve ten full time equivalents (FTE) or less.
(B) For fiscal years 1985 through and including 1988, no contracts, for activities conducted by the National Park Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, or the Bureau of Land Management which have been subject to the provisions of Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76 or any similar provision in any other order or directive, shall be entered into by the United States until funds have been specifically provided therefore by an Act of Congress.
* Sections 3 and 4 of the Act of October 24, 1984, as set forth herein, consists of sections 3 and 4 of Public Law 98-540. (43 U.S.C. 1457a note and 16 U.S.C. la-8).
(2) Nothing in this section shall prevent the National Park Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Bureau of Land Management from entering into contracts for services and materials under provisions of law and rules, regulations, orders, and policies other than the circular referred to in paragraph (1) or any similar order or directive.
SEC. 4. (a) Beginning in fiscal year 1985, the National Park Service shall implement a maintenance management system into the maintenance and operations programs of the National Park System. For purposes of this section the term “maintenance management system” means a system that contains but is not limited to the following elements:
(1) a work load inventory of assets including detailed information that quantifies for all assets (including but not limited to buildings, roads, utility systems, and grounds that must be maintained) the characteristics affecting the type of maintenance work performed;
(2) a set of maintenance tasks that describe the maintenance work in each unit of the National Park System;
(3) a description of work standards including frequency of maintenance, measurable quality standard to which assets should be maintained, methods for accomplishing work, required labor, equipment and material resources, and expected worker production for each maintenance task;
(4) a work program and performance budget which develops an annual work plan identifying maintenance needs and financial resources to be devoted to each maintenance task;
(5) a work schedule which identifies and prioritizes tasks to be done in a specific time period and specifies required labor resources;
(6) work orders specifying job authorizations and a record of work accomplished which can be used to record actual labor and material costs; and
(7) reports and special analyses which compare planned versus actual accomplishments and costs and can be used to
evaluate maintenance operations. (b) The National Park Service shall transmit to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate, at the end of each fiscal year, a copy of a report summarizing the status of implementation of a maintenance management system until such a system has been implemented. The report shall incorporate the following information:
(1) the number of units in the National Park System that have implemented a maintenance management system during the period;
(2) contract costs versus management efficiencies achieved;
(3) the total amount of dollars spent on contracts for services; and
(4) estimation of the total value of benefits achieved through greater management efficiency.