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7. Substitute when the issue of both fresh meat and vegetables is impracticable. Whenever the issue of both the fresh meat and vegetable components is impracticable, there may be issued in lieu of them canned fresh-beef-and-vegetable stew, at the rate of 281 ounces to the ration.

William McKINLEY.

II. By direction of the Secretary of War, paragraphs 1251, 1252 as amended by G.O., No. 106, of 1898, from this Office, 1253 as amended by G. ()., No. 78, of 1899, from this Office, 1254, 1255, and 1256 as amended by G. O., No. 6, January 12, 1900, from this Office, of the Regulations are revoked, and the following paragraphs, numbered 1251, 1252, 1253, 1254, 1255, 1256, 1256a, 1256b, 1256c, and 1256d, are inserted in place thereof:

"THE RATION. “1251. A ration is the allowance for the subsistence of one person for one day, and varies in components according to the station of the troops or the nature of the duty performed, being severally known as the garrison ration, the field ration, the travel ration, and the emergency ration. The garrison ration is issued to troops in garrison or in permanent camps; the field ration to troops in the field in active campaign; the travel ration to troops traveling otherwise than by marching or when for short periods they are separated from cooking facilities; and the emergency ration to troops in active campaign for use on emergent occasions.

“1252. Enlisted men, hospital matrons, nurses in the Nurse Corps (female), general prisoners of war, and military prisoners at posts are each entitled to one ration in kind per day according to the station or the nature of the service, except that nurses are not entitled to rations while traveling; and when the rate of pay of a civilian employed with the Army does not exceed $60 per month, and the circumstances of his service make it necessary, and the terms of his engagement provide for it, there may be issued to him one garrison or field ration in kind per day according to the exigencies of the case.

"1253. The kinds and quantities of articles composing the garrison ration, the field ration, and the travel ration, and the quantities computed for 100 rations, are as follows:

1. Garrison ration.

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1 In Alaska, 16 ounces bacon, or, when desired, 16 ounces salt pork or 22 ounces salt beef. 2 In Alaska the allowance of fresh vegetables will be 24 ounces instead of 16 ounces. 3 In Alaska, 33 ounces instead of 24 ounces.

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1254. Food on transports for troops traveling will be prepared from the articles of subsistence stores which compose the ration for troops in garrison, varied by the substitution of other articles of authorized subsistence stores of equal money value when required. No savings will be allowed to troops on transports.

1255. Troops in active campaign will be supplied with an emergency ration prepared under direction of the War Department, which will not be used at any

time or place where regular rations are obtainable. It will be carried in the haversack or saddlebags and accounted for at inspection, etc., by the soldier. It will not be opened except by orde: of an officer or in extremity. If improperly opened or lost, the money value will be charged against the soldier.

1256. Fresh meats will ordinarily be issued seven days in ten and salt meats three days in ten. If fish (dried, pickled, or canned) is issued it will be in substitution of salt meat. The proportion of the meat issues to troops may be varied at the discretion of department commanders, not, however, without due consideration being given to the equitable rights of contractors engaged in furnishing fresh meats to the troops under their commands. Whenever the issue of both the fresh meat and veg. etable components is impracticable, there may be issued in lieu of them canned fresh beef and vegetable stew, at the rate of 281 ounces to the ration. The meat component to which the sick in hospital drawing rations in kind are entitled may, at the discretion of the medical officer, be called for and issued wholly in fresh beef, or partly in fresh beef and partly in salt meats.

1256a. When troops are not supplied with fresh or desiccated vegetables in kind by a commissary, or when, under paragraph 314, the troops raise vegetables for their own use in post gardens and such use does not prejudice the interests of any contractor under his contract for supplying fresh vegetables to the post, commutation of the fresh vegetable portion of their rations will be allowed by the commissary at the prices of potatoes and onions in the vicinity of the post or in the market from which the post is supplied, in the proportion of 80 per cent of potatoes and 20 per cent of onions, the commutation prices being determined monthly by the chief commissary of the department in which the post is situated. Where the raising of vegetables in a post garden is contemplated, the post commissary, with the approval of the post commander, will notify the chief commissary of the period during which the post garden will be relied upon for vegetables, and that period will be excepted from the operation of any contract that may be made for supplying vegetables to the post.

12566. At posts and stations where illumination is furnished by the Quartermaster's Department, candles are not issued as part of the ration except to individuals whom it is not practicable for that Department to supply with illuminants.

1256c. When troops supplied with travel rations arrive at their destination or rejoin their station, such of the travel rations furnished them in excess of the time actually consumed by the journey as may be in good condition will be turned in to the commissary in exchange for the regular ration, and subsistence upon the latter will thereupon be immediately resumed.

1256d. In adjusting charges to be made against enlisted men or others on account of increased expense to the Government for their subsistence, the value of the garrison or field ration will be estimated at 20 cents each, and that of travel ration at 40 cents.

III. By direction of the Secretary of War, paragraph 1259 of the regulations is amended to read as follows, and a paragraph will be inserted as paragraph 1259a, as follows:

"1259. The ration as issued to troops will be issued on ration returns signed by the medical officer in charge and approved by the commanding officer, to the Hospital Corps, the hospital matrons, the nurses of the Nurse Corps, and to such patients in hospital as can be subsisted on the ration as ordinarily issued.

“1259a. The medical officer in charge of a general, post, or camp hospital, hospital ship, or transport carrying patients is authorized to purchase, under the laws and regulations relating to purchases of subsistence stores, such articles of food, both solid and liquid, not carried in stock by the subsistence officer who issues rations to the hospital, and to call upon such subsistence officer for the issue of such quantities of articles from the stock already on hand as in the judgment of the medical officer are required for the diet of enlisted patients under his charge who are too sick to be subsisted on the ration as ordinarily issued; the total combined money value of the stores hereby authorized to be purchased and issued as above in any month not to exceed the rate, calculated on the month's transactions, of 40 cents per man per day for those actually requiring special diet. Subsistence officers are authorized to pay all duly certified bills of purchases made by medical officers under the provisions of this paragraph, or to make the purchases themselves at the request of the medical officers, and to make issues for special diet hereunder from stores on hand at their request, provided the rate of 40 cents per man per day for those enlisted men actually requiring special diet is not exceeded in any month."

IV. By direction of the Secretary of War, paragraphs 1269 and 1277 of the regulations are amended to read as follows:

“SAVINGS.

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“1269. All articles of the ration (excepting fresh beef, dried or pickled fish, soft bread, fresh, or desiccated vegetables, and dried fruit) due a company, bakery, or other military organization not needed for consumption will, if public loss will not result, be retained for reissue by the commissary, and will be paid for by him as savings at the invoice prices. The entering of a more expensive component article of the ration on the ration return with the view of leaving it undrawn and selling it to the commissary as savings and purchasing from him for use in its place a less expensive article of the same component is prohibited. Savings not needed by the commissary for reissue may be sold by companies, bakeries, or other organizations to any purchasers."

“1277. When an officer orders commutation of rations to be paid, or rations to be issued, to a soldier on furlough to enable him to reach his proper station, the paying or issuing officer will report the full amount paid, or the money value of the issue, to the soldier's company commander. Should the soldier reach his station on or before the last day of his furlough, the company commander will charge the full amount of the payment or issue against his pay on the next muster and pay roll. Should he reach his post after the expiration of his furlough, and the delay be not excused, the full amount will be similarly charged. Should the over staying of his furlough be excused, the full amount, diminished by the value of the ration, at 20 cents per day, for the number of days during which he was absent after the furlough had expired, will be charged.”

V. By direction of the Secretary of War, paragraph 58 of the Subsistence Manual is amended to read as follows:

“58. Where the exact quantity of canned meats, canned tomatoes, or canned baked beans to which a company or detachment is entitled can not be furnished without breaking a can, an overissue of one can of the smallest size on hand will be allowed. Trade packages of canned baked beans being of varying weights, contents of cans will be estimated as follows in making issues:

“So-called 1-pound cans, 104 ounces; 3-pound cans, 34 ounces.
By command of Lieutenant-General Miles:

H. C. CORBIN,
Adjutant-General, Major-General, United States Army.

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GENERAL ORDERS,

HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,

ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
No. 57.

Washington, April 24, 1901.
I. By direction of the Secretary of War, the following is published to the Army
for the information and guidance of all concerned:

The act of Congress making appropriations for the support of the Army, etc., approved March 2, 1901 (published in General Orders, No. 26, March 8, 1901, from this office), provides as follows:

“That any officer or enlisted man in the service of the United States who was discharged in the Philippine Islands and there reentered the service through commission or enlistment shall, when discharged, except by way of punishment for an offense,

receive for travel allowances from the place of his discharge to the place in the United States of his last preceding appointment or enlistment, or to his home if he was appointed or enlisted at a place other than his home, four cents per mile: Provided further, That for sea travel on discharge actual expenses only shall be paid to officers and transportation and subsistence only shall be furnished to enlisted men."

In order that officers and enlisted men entitled to the benefits conferred by the foregoing provisions of the act may receive the same, the places in the United States of last appointment or enlistment preceding their discharge in the Philippine Islands in the cases of volunteers will be noted on the muster-out rolls of the organization to which they belong and on the final statements, and in the cases of enlisted men of the Regular Army on their final statements.

II. By direction of the Secretary of War, paragraph 220 of the Regulations is amended to read as follows:

SERVICE COLORS AND STANDARDS.

“220. A national color made of bunting or other suitable material, but in all other respects similar to the silken national color, will be furnished to each battalion of engineers and to each regiment of infantry for use at drills and on marches and all service other than battles, campaigns, and occasions of ceremony. A similar color of the same dimensions as the silken standard will be furnished for like purposes to each regiment of cavalry.By command of Lieutenant-General Miles:

H. C. CORBIN, Adjutant-General, Major-General, United States Army.

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GENERAL ORDERS,

HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,

ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
No. 58.

Washington, April 25, 1901. By direction of the Secretary of War, sections 1 and 5 of paragraph 13951, added to the regulations by Paragraph I, General Orders, No. 52, April 17, 1901, from this office, are amended to read as follows:

“(1) Candidates for appointment as dental surgeons must not be less than twentyfour nor more than forty years of age. They must be graduates of standard medical or dental colleges, trained in the several branches of dentistry, of good moral and professional character, and prior to appointment will be required to pass a satisfactory professional examination before a board of dental surgeons convened for that purpose by the Secretary of War.

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(5) Each dental surgeon will ordinarily be allowed one enlisted man as an assistant, who will be detailed from the acting hospital stewards or privates of the Hospital Corps, and whose duty it will be to assist the dentist in his operations, in caring for the instruments and other public property, in keeping the records, and in the performance of such other official work pertaining to this position as he may be directed

proper authority to do. A member of the Hospital Corps detailed as dentist's assistant and stationed in a city or town will be allowed commutation of rations at the rate prescribed by the regulations, and will be provided with suitable room as quarters by the Quartermaster's Department; but when stationed at a post, in camp, or in the field he will be attached to the Hospital Corps or other organization for rations and quarters.” By command of Lieutenant-General Miles:

H. C. CORBIN, Adjutant-General, Major-General, United States Army.

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II. By direction of the Secretary of War, the following is published to the Army for the information and guidance of all concerned:

The act of Congress approved February 2, 1901, authorizing the appointment of “contract surgeons,” and that term being also employed in the act making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1902, the

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