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Part 3.-Report of the Lieutenant-General Commanding the Army and

Department Commanders:

Lieutenant-General.

Adjutant-General.

Inspector-General.

Chief of Artillery.

Department of the East.

Department of the Lakes.

Department of the Missouri.

Department of Texas.

Department of Dakota.

Department of the Colorado.

Department of California.

Department of the Columbia.

Department of Alaska.

Department of Cuba.

Department of Western Cuba (final).

Infantry and Cavalry School.

Cavalry and Field Artillery School.

Artillery school.

Part 4.-Report of the Lieutenant-General Commanding the Army and

Department Commanders-Continued.

Division of the Philippines (Major-General MacArthur).
Part 5.-Report of the Lieutenant-General Commanding the Army and

Department Commanders—Continued.

Department of Northern Luzon.

Department of Southern Luzon.

Part 6.-Report of the Lieutenant-General Commanding the Army and

Department Commanders—Continued.
Department of the Visayas.
Department of Mindanao and Jolo.

Military operations in China.
Part 7.-Report of the Lieutenant-General Commanding the Army and

Department Commanders—Continued.

Division of the Philippines (Major-General Chaffee).

Department of Northern Luzon.

Department of Southern Luzon.

Department of the Visayas.

Department of Mindanao and Jolo.
Part 8.-Report of the Philippine Commission from December 1, 1900, to

October 15, 1901.
Part 9.-Report of the Philippine Commission from December 1, 1900, to

October 15, 1901-Continued.

Part 10.–Public Laws and Resolutions passed by the Philippine Commis-

sion.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Page.

1. Annual report of Lieut. Gen. Nelson A. Miles, U. S. A., commanding the

Army...

2. Annual report of the Adjutant-General of the Army to the Lieutenant-

General commanding the Army

3. Annual report of the Inspector-General of the Army to the Lieutenant-

General commanding the Army.

4. Annual report of the Chief of Artillery, United States Army, to the Lieu-

tenant-General commanding the Army....

5. Annual report of Maj. Gen. John R. Brooke, U. S. A., commanding Depart-

ment of the East..

(a) Report of Lieut. Col. James A. Buchanan, commanding District

of Porto Rico

6. Annual report of Maj. Gen. Elwell S. Otis, U. S. A., commanding Depart-

ment of the Lakes

7. Annual report of Brig. Gen. Henry C. Merriam, U. S. A., commanding

Department of the Missouri..

8. Annual report of Col. James N. Wheelan, Twelfth U. S. Cavalry, command-

ing Department of Texas

9. Annual report of Maj. Gen. Elwell S. Otis, U. S. A., commanding Depart-

ment of Dakota..

10. Annual report of Brig. Gen. Henry C. Merriam, U. S. A., commanding

Department of the Colorado...

11. Annual report of Maj. Gen. Samuel B. M. Young, U. S. A., commanding

Department of California..

12. Annual report of Maj. Gen. Samuel B. M. Young, U. S. A., commanding

Department of the Columbia ..

13. Annual report of Brig. Gen. George M. Randall, U. S. A., commanding

Department of Alaska....

14. Annual report of Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood, U. S. V., commanding

Department of Cuba

(a) Final report of Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, U. S. V., commanding

Department of Western Cuba....

15. Annual report of Lieut. Col. J. M. Lee, Sixth U. S. Infantry, Commandant

U. S. Infantry and Cavalry School.....

16. Annual report of Col. George B. Rodney, Artillery Corps, Commandant

U. S. Cavalry and Field Artillery School...

17. Annual report of Col. F. L. Guenther, Artillery Corps, Commandant

U. S. Artillery School..

3

ANNUAL REPORT

OF THE

LIEUTENANT-GENERAL COMMANDING THE ARMY.

HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,

Washington, October 1, 1901. Sır: I have the honor to submit herewith the annual reports of the following officers:

The Adjutant-General of the Army.
The Inspector-General of the Army.
The Chief of Artillery.
Maj. Gen. John R. Brooke, U. S. A., commanding Department of the East.
Maj. Gen. Elwell S. Otis, U. S. A., commanding Department of the Lakes.
Maj. Gen. Elwell S. Otis, U. S. A., commanding Department of Dakota.
Maj. Gen. Samuel B. M. Young, U. S. A., commanding Department of California.

Maj. Gen. Samuel B. M. Young, U. S. A., commanding Department of the Columbia.

Maj. Gen. Arthur MacArthur, commanding Division of the Philippines, including the annual reports of the department commanders therein.

Brig. Gen. Henry C. Merriam, U. S. A., commanding Department of the Colorado.
Brig. Gen. Henry C. Merriam, U. S. A., commanding Department of the Missouri.
Brig. Gen. Leonard Wood, U. S. A., commanding Department of Cuba.
Brig. Gen. George M. Randall, U. S. A., commanding Department of Alaska.
Col. James N. Wheelan, Twelfth U. S. Cavalry, commanding Department of Texas.
The Commandant of the U. S. Cavalry and Field Artillery School.
The Commandant of the U. S. Artillery School.

And also:
Special report of Maj. Gen. Adna R. Chaffee, U. S. A., commanding China Relief
Expedition.

Final report of Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, U. S. A., commanding Department of Western Cuba.

The reports above referred to show in detail the condition of the troops in the various departments and describe the military operations of the Army during the past year.

The act of Congress, approved February 2, 1901, authorized an increase in the enlisted strength of the line of the Army to 100,000 men, but owing to the cessation, to a great extent, of hostilities in the Philippines it was found that that number would not be required, and by an order of the President dated May 8, 1901, the enlisted strength

5

of the line was fixed at 74,504 men, with the addition of 2,783 men in the staff departments, etc. This aggregate does not include the Hospital Corps, which now comprises 4,300 men, or the Porto Rico Provisional Regiment, whose present strength is 800.

The Army is now recruited to very nearly its full strength, and the following statement shows approximately the disposition of the force, including officers, at the present time:

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The above total includes 4,678 noncombatants, comprising chaplains, officers in the Medical Department, and the men in the Hospital Corps.

In addition to the figures above given, there are 4,973 native scouts, with 73 officers, employed in the Philippines, but their work is not strictly of a military character.

It is expected that the force in Cuba will be very much reduced in the near future and it is hoped that the force in the Philippines can also be very much reduced. It will, however, be necessary to occupy with military and naval forces for an indefinite time certain strategic positions in that archipelago.

The condition of the Indians in the past year has remained practically the same as during the preceding few years, and has been very satisfactory, no disturbances of any importance requiring the use of the troops having occurred. Still, there is no doubt that the presence of military stations within a reasonable distance of their reservations has had a restraining influence upon them. These stations will have to be maintained for some years to come or during the time that they are in a state of transition from a nomadic, uncivilized condition to that of a peaceful, industrious life.

Adequate military garrisons have been maintained adjacent to the Mexican and Canadian boundaries and have been available for assisting our civil authorities in maintaining law and order, thus contributing to the preservation of friendly relations between the governments of these countries and our own.

In my annual report for the year 1897 I made the following recommendation:

In my opinion it would be wise and judicious for Congress to establish a standard limiting the recruiting of the Army for all future time, unless the condition of the country should be other than what can now be anticipated. The nation is developing in most unusual and extraordinary proportions—in wealth and population—and as

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