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consular and other reports.” (See “Introductory,” Consular Reports, No. 1, October, 1880.) The daily publication of reports in the form of Advance Sheets, combined afterwards in the monthly numbers, was begun January 1, 1898, by order of the Secretary of State of December 7, 1897.

Chiefs of the Bureau of Foreign Commerce, Department of State, with dates of service.

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Bureau.

R. S., 335.

[As modified by act of February 14, 1903.) Organic. There shall be in the Department of Commerce and R. S., 334.

Labor a Bureau to be called the Bureau of Statistics; and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor may appoint one division clerk, who shall superintend the Bureau, and shall be entitled to a salary of two thousand five hundred

dollars a year. a Purpose of the The purpose of the Bureau of Statistics is the collection,

arrangement, and classification of such statistical information as may be procured, showing, or tending to show, each year the condition of the manufactures), domestic trade, '[currency, and banks] of the several States and

Territories. Annual report The Chief of the Bureau of Statistics shall, under the navigation by direction of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor,

annually prepare a report on the statistics of commerce and navigation of the United States with foreign countries, to the close of the fiscal year. Such accounts shall comprehend all goods, wares, and merchandise exported from the United States to other countries; all goods, wares, and merchandise imported into the United States from other countries, and all navigation employed in the foreign trade of the United States; which facts shall be stated according to the principles and in the manner hereby

directed. Method of re- First. The kinds, quantities, and values of all articles

exported, and the kinds, quantities, and values of all articles imported, shall be distinctly stated in such accounts,

of commerce and

Bureau.

R. S., 336.

ports.

« Four thousand dollars is appropriated for “officer in charge of Bureau of Statistics.”

These statistics are gathered and published by the Bureau of the Census. See pages 84, 87, 88.

© These statistics are gathered and published by the Comptroller of the Currency. R. S. 333 and amendinents.

except in cases in which it may appear to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor that separate statements of the species, quantities, or values of any particular articles would swell the annual statements without utility; and, in such cases, the kinds and total values of such articles shall be stated together, or in such classes as the Secretary of Commerce and Labor may think fit.

Second. The exports shall be so stated as to show the exports to each foreign country, and their values; and the imports shall be so stated as to show the imports from each foreign country, and their values.

Third. The exports shall be so stated as to show, separately, the exports of articles of the production or manufacture of the United States, and their values; and the exports of articles of the production or manufacture of foreign countries, and their values.

Fourth. The navigation employed in the foreign trade of the United States shall be stated in such manner as to show the amount of the tonnage of all vessels departing from the United States for foreign countries; and, separately, the amount of such tonnage of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tonnage of foreign vessels; and also the foreign nations to which such foreign tonnage belongs, and the amount of such tonnage belonging to each foreign nation; and in such manner as also to show the amount of the tonnage of all vessels departing for every particular foreign country with which the United States have any considerable commerce; and, separately, the amount of such tonnage of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tonnage of foreign vessels; and in such manner as to show the amount of the tonnage of all vessels arriving in the United States from foreign countries; and, separately, the amount of such tonnage of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tonnage of foreign vessels; and also the foreign nations to which such foreign tonnage belongs, and the amount of such tonnage belonging to each foreign nation; and in such manner as also to show the amount of the tonnage of all vessels arriving from every particular foreign country with which the United States have any considerable commerce; and, separately, the amount of such tonnage of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tonnage of foreign vessels.

Fifth. Such accounts shall comprehend and include, in tabular form, the quantity by weight or measure, as well as the amount of value, of the several articles of foreign commerce, whether dutiable or otherwise; and also a similar and separate statement of the commerce of the United States with the British Provinces, under the late so-called reciprocity treaty with Great Britain.

The Secretary of Commerce and Labor shall make a Reports to Conreport to Congress on the first Monday of January in each fary.

R. S., 259.

of L

i megress by Secre.

Printing.
Jan. 12, 1895.

Sec. 73.

Regulations imposed on collectors.

year, containing the results of the information collected during the preceding year, by the Bureau of Statistics, upon the condition of the * * *, a[manufactures), domestic trade, a [currency, and banks] of the several States and Territories.

[There shall be printed] of the Statistical Abstract of (28 stat., 616.) the United States, twelve thousand copies; three thousand

for the Senate, six thousand for the House, and three thou

sand for distribution by the Bureau of Statistics. Regulations. In order to enable the Chief of the Bureau of Statistics

to prepare the annual report on the statistics of commerce R. S., 937.

and navigation required to be submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, the following regulations shall be observed by all collectors of customs:

First. The kinds and quantities of all imported articles free from duty shall be ascertained by entry, made upon oath or affirmation, by the owner, or by the consignee or agent of the importer, or by actual examination, where the collector shall think such examination necessary; and the values of all such articles shall be ascertained in the same manner in which the values of imports subject to duties ad valorem are ascertained.

Second. The values of all imported articles subject to specific duties shall be ascertained in the manner in which the values of imports subject to duties ad valorem are ascertained.

Third. The several collectors shall keep separate accounts of the kinds, quantities, and values of such parts of the imports subject to duties ad valorem as may be directed by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor.

Fourth. All articles exported shall be valued at their actual cost, or the values which they may truly bear, at the time of exportation, in the ports of the United States from which they are exported; and all articles imported shall be valued at their actual cost, or the values which they may truly bear in the foreign ports from which they are exported for importation into the United States, at the time of such exportation.

Fifth. Before a clearance shall be granted for any vessel bound to a foreign place, the collector shall require the owners, shippers, or consignors of the cargo to deliver to the collector manifests of the cargo, or of the parts thereof shipped by them respectively, which manifests shall specify the kinds and quantities of the articles shipped by them respectively, and the value of the total quantity of each kind of articles; and state that such manifest contains a full, just, and true account of all articles laden on board of such vessel by the owners, shippers, or consignors, respectively, and that the values of such articles are truly stated, according to their actual cost, or the values which they truly bear at the port and time of exportation. And the collector shall also require the master of the vessel, and the owners, shippers, and consignors of the cargo, to state

a See notes and con page 106.

July 16, 1892, (27 Sat., 197) ACC.

in writing, to the collector, the foreign place or country in which such cargo is truly intended to be landed. The manifests and statements hereby required shall be verified by the oath of the person by whom they are respectively made and subscribed.

Sixth. Every collector shall keep an accurate account of the national characters and tonnage of all vessels which depart from his district for foreign countries, and of the foreign places or countries for which such vessels depart; and, also, an accurate account of the national characters and tonnage of all vessels which enter his district from foreign countries, and of the foreign places or countries from which such vessels arrive.

Seventh. The several collectors shall make quarteryearly [monthly-see page 110) returns to the Bureau of Statistics of all the facts and matters which they are hereby required to ascertain. Hereafter collectors of customs shall render to the Returns by col:

lectors of exports Bureau of Statistics, in such manner and form and at such by rail. *** periods as the Secretary of Commerce and Labor may ( prescribe, returns of exports to foreign countries leaving ì, as amended

"8 Mar. 3, 1893 (27 the l'nited States by rail. Any person who shall here- Stat., 689). after deliver to any railway or transportation company or other common carrier commodities for transportation and exportation by rail from the United States to foreign countries, shall also deliver to the collector of customs at the frontier port through which the goods pass into the foreign country a manifest, in such form as the Secretary of ('ommerce and Labor may prescribe, duly certified as to its accuracy by said person or his agent, exhibiting the kinds, quantities, and values of the several articles delivered by such person or his agent for exportation. And no railway (ar containing commodities, the product or manufacture of the United States or foreign goods, duty paid or free of duty, intended to be exported to any foreign country, shall be permitted hereafter to leave the United States until the agent of the railway or transportation company, or the person having such car in charge, shall deliver to the customs officer at the last port in the United States through which the commodities pass into foreign territory a manifest thereof, which shall specify the kinds and quantities of the commodities in the form prescribed by the Secretary of (ommerce and Labor, and until the manifest, exhibiting the kinds, quantities and values of the several commodities, shall have been delivered to the collector of customs, as above required, by the person exporting such commodities, or by his agent, or information satisfactory to such customs officer as to the kind, quantities, and values of the domestic and foreign free or duty paid commodities laden on such car. The agent or employee of any railway or transportation company who shall transport such commodities into a foreign country before the delivery to the collector of customs of the manifest, as above

included.

required shall be liable to a penalty of fifty dollars for each offense: Provided, That the provisions of this law shall apply to commodities transported to the frontier in railway cars for exportation and transshipment across the frontier into the adjacent foreign territory in ferry boats or vehicles, so far as to require the person in charge thereof to furnish to the collector of customs information of the kinds, quantities and values of such commodities: And provided further, That nothing contained in the foregoing shall be held as applicable to goods in transit between American ports by routes passing through foreign territory or to merchandise in transit between places in the Dominion of Canada by routes passing through the United States, or to merchandise arriving at the ports designated under the authority of section three thousand and five of the Revised Statutes, and which may be des

tined for places in the Republic of Mexico. Coasting trade The annual report of the statistics of commerce and R. S., 358.

navigation shall state the kinds, quantities, and value of the merchandise entered and cleared coastwise into

and from the collection districts of the United States. Annual report, It shall be the duty of the officer in charge of the Bureau by Bureau, of foreign and inter of Statistics to gather, collate, and annually report to the state commerce, Secretary of Commerce and Labor, for transmission to

Congress, statistics and facts relating to commerce with Mar. 3, 1875. (18 siat., 3523.) foreign nations and among the several States, a the rail

road systems of this and other countries, the construction and operation of railroads, the actual cost of such construction and operation of railroads, the actual cost of transporting freights and passengers on railroads, and on canals, rivers, and other navigable waters of the United States, the charges imposed for such transportation of freight and passengers, and the tonnage transported; and the reports (see sec. 339 below] now by law required to be prepared and published monthly in the said Bureau of Statistics shall hereafter be prepared and published quarterly under the direction of the Secretary of Commerce

and Labor. Monthly re- The Chief of the Bureau of Statistics shall, under the

Tand direction of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, preimports.

pare and publish monthly reports of the exports and R. S., 339.

imports of the United States, including the quantities and values of goods warehoused or withdrawn from warehouse, and such other statistics relative to the trade and industry of the country as the Secretary of Commerce and Labor may consider expedient. [See last clause of paragraph above.]

FR. S. 310 carried out by Bureau of Navigation under act of July 5, 1881, page 156.]

ports.

port, by Bureau, of exports and

a Statistics concerning railroads are gathered and published by the Interstate Commerce Commission. (Act of Feb. 4, 1887, as amended Mar. 2, 1889.)

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