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i “ No other Department has a wider field, if the just expectations of the framers of the legislation are realized. None will have closer relations with the people or greater opportunities for effective work. While we can not dedicate a new and imposing structure to the uses of the Department, we can at least, and I am sure we all do, dedicate ourselves to the work which Chief Executives have recommended and Congress in its wisdom has set apart to be done. In this spirit I have thought it altogether fitting and proper that we should have these brief exercises, and that in them we should emphasize the fact that if we are to have the highest success as a nation in our commercial and industrial relations, whether among ourselves or with other peoples, we must keep ever to the front and dominant always those sturdy elements of character and the dependence upon Divine guidance which were so signally shown by the founders of the Republic, and to which we can not too often revert in these busy and prosperous times which make memorable for us the opening years of the new century.".
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ORGANIC LAWS OF THE DEPARTMENT
Organic acts, etc.
Department of Commerce and Labor.' See next page.
act of Ang. 7, 1789, Light-House Service reorganized and
Stat., 119). Bureau of the Census a........
First census taken under act of Mar. 1, 1790. Present status of
Bureal established by act of Mar. 6, 1902 (32 Stats., 51.) Coast and Geodetic Survey......
Survey first authorized by act of Feb. 10, 1807. Reorganized and
placed on present footing under act of Mar. 30. 1813 (5 Stats..
640). Name authorized by sundry civil act of June 20, 1878. Bureau of Statistics .........
First law authorizing statistics by Treasury Department, act of Feb, 10, 1X20. Bureau of Statistics organized and placed
on its present footing by act on July 28, 1866 (14 Stats., 330). Bureau of Foreign Commerce... Organized as a statistical office in the State Department by
act of Aug. 16, 1812 (5 Stats., 507). Organized as Bureau of Statistics, State Department, by act of June 20, 1874. Name changed to Bureau of Foreign Commerce in consular appro
priation et for year 1895, effective July 1, 1897 Bureau of Standards a....
Work of this oflice first authorized by Senate resolution of
May 29, 1830. Name "Office of Construction of Standard
(31 Stats., 1119). Steamboat-Inspection Service........ First sterumboat-inspection law, July 7, 1838. Service reor.
ganized and placed on present footing, practically, by act
of Feb, 28, 1871 (Title 52, R. S.). Seal and Salmon Fisheries.....
Regulation of these tisheries first established by joint resolu
tion of July 27, 1868; sections 1934 et seq., Revised Statutes, and acts approved Dec. 29. 1897 (30 Stats., 226), and Mar. 3.
1899 (Alaskan code) (30 Stats., 1280). Bureau of Fisheriesa.......
First Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries appointed by act of
Feb. 9. 1871. Commission reorganized under act of June 20. 1888 (25 Stats., 1). “United States Fish Commission" first
used in act of Dec. 15, 1877. Bureau of Labora....
Organized by act of June 27, 1881, as a bureau of the Interior
Department. Reorganized as the Department of Labor by
act of m e 13, 1858 (2,5 Stats., 182). Bureau of Navigation ......
Established by act of July 5, 1894 (23 Stats., 118). Shipping
Treasury Department order of July 18, 18.
Federal control of immigration assumed by act of Mar. 3,
1891 (26 Stats., 1081). Immigration laws codified by act of Mar. 3, 1903. "Bureau of Immigration” first used in act of
March, 1895. Bureau of Corporations. ...
Authorized by art of Feb. 14, 1903 (32 Stats., 825). Bureau of Manufactures ...
Authorized by act of Feb. 14, 1903 (32 Stats., 825),
a This name adopted by Secretary's order of July 1, 1903.
LAW PERTAINING TO THE DEPARTMENT
Art. 1, sec. 8.
Secretary of Ulve ae- Commerce and
Fib. 14, 1903.
Assistant Secretary of Com
Congress shall have power to regulate commerce with Constitution. foreign nations and among the several States.
There shall be at the seat of government an executive de- comm partment to be known as the Department of Commerce and labor. Labor, and a Secretary of Commerce and Labor, who shall (32 Stal., 825.) be the head thereof, who shall be appointed by the Presi-. dent, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, who shall receive a salary of eight thousand dollars per annum, and whose term and tenure of office shall be like that of the heads of the other Executive Departments; and section one hundred and fifty-eight of the Revised Statutes Revised Stat
utes amended. is hereby amended to include such Department, and the provisions of title four of the Revised Statutes, including all amendments thereto, are hereby made applicable to said Department. The said Secretary shall cause a seal of Seal. office to be made for the said Department of such device as the President shall approve, and judicial notice shall be taken of the said seal.
There shall be in said Department an Assistant Secre- re tary of Commerce and Labor', to be appointed by the merceand Labor. President, who shall receive a salary of five thousand dollars a vear. He shall perform such duties as shall be prescribed by the Secretary or required by law. There shall also be one chief clerk and a disbursing clerk and Clerks. such other clerical assistants as may from time to time
Auditing of acbe authorized by Congress; and the Auditor for the State counts. and other Departments shall receive and examine all accounts of salaries and incidental expenses of the office of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, and of all bureaus and offices under his direction, all accounts relating to the Light-House Board, Steamboat-Inspection Service, Immigration, Navigation, Alaskan fur-seal fisheries, the National Bureau of Standards, Coast and Geodetic Survey, Census, Department of Labor, Fish Commission and to all other business within the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce and Labor, and certify the balances arising thereon to the Division of Bookkeeping and Warrants and send forthwith a copy of each certificate to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor. It shall be the province and duty of said Department to Province of
the Department. foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic $c.3. commerce, the mining, manufacturing, shipping, and fishery industries, the labor interests, and the transportation facilities of the United States; and to this end it shall be vested with jurisdiction and control of the depart-vo! ments, bureaus, offices, and branches of the public service hereinafter specified, and with such other powers and duties as may be prescribed by law. All unexpended appropriations. appropriations, which shall be available at the time when this Act takes effect, in relation to the various offices, bureaus, divisions, and other branches of the public seryice, which shall, by this Act, be transferred to or included
a Title four includes Sec. 158 and contains the provisions of law governing Executive Departments.
Unexpended ferred to Department.
in the Department of Commerce and Labor, or which may hereafter, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, be so transferred, shall become available, from the time of such transfer, for expenditure in and by the Department of Commerce and Labor and shall be treated the same as though said branches of the public service had been directly named in the laws making said appropriations as parts of the Department of Commerce and Labor,
under the direction of the Secretary of said Department. Bureaus trans- The following-named offices, bureaus, divisions, and
part branches of the public service, now and heretofore under Sec. h.
the jurisdiction of the Department of the Treasury, and all that pertains to the same, known as the Light-House Board, the Light-Hlouse Establishment, the SteamboatInspection Service, the Bureau of Navigation, the United States Shipping Commissioners, the National Bureau of Standards, the Coast and Geodetic Survey, the Commissioner - General of Immigration, the commissioners of immigration, the Bureau of Immigration, the immigration service at large, and the Bureau of Statistics, be, and the same hereby are, transferred from the Department of the Treasury to the Department of Commerce and Labor, and the same shall hereafter remain under the jurisdiction and supervision of the last-named Department; and that the Census Office, and all that pertains to the same, be, and the same hereby is, transferred from the Department of the Interior to the Department of Commerce and Labor, to remain henceforth under the jurisdiction of the latter; that the Department of Labor, the Fish Commission, and the Office of Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries, and all that pertains to the same, be, and the same hereby are, placed under the jurisdiction
and made a part of the Department of Commerce and eign Comineree Labor; that the Bureau of Foreign Commerce, now in the lidated Department of State, be, and the same hereby is, trans
ferred to the Department of Commerce and Labor and consolidated with and made a part of the Bureau of Statistics, hereinbefore transferred from the Department of the Treasury to the Department of Commerce and Labor, and the two shall constitute one bureau, to be called the Bureau of Statistics, with a chief of the bureau; and that the Secretary of Commerce and Labor shall have control of the work of gathering and distributing statistical infor
mation naturally relating to the subjects contided to his under Secretary. Department; and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor
is hereby given the power and authority to rearrange the statistical work of the bureaus and offices confided to said Department, and to consolidate any of the statistical bureaus and offices transferred to said Department; and said Secretary shall also have authority to call upon other Departments of the Government for statistical data and results obtained by them; and said Secretary of Commerce and Labor may collate, arrange, and publish such statistical information so obtained in such manner as to him may seem wise.
Bureau of For
with Bureau of Statistics.