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with all practicable expedition, put themselves in communication with the parties to such controversy, and shall use their best efforts, by mediation and conciliation, to amicably settle same; and if such efforts shall be unsuccessful, shall at once endeavor to bring about an arbitration of said controversy in accordance with the provisions

of this act. Çity statistici. "The Commissioner of Labor is authorized to compile July 1, 1898. (30 Stat., 6.8.) and publish annually, as a part of the Bulletin of the Bureau

of Labor, an abstract of the main features of the official statistics of the cities of the United States having over

thirty thousand population. Congressional A bound copy of the Congressional Record shall be

furnished gratuitously to the Bureau of Labor. [This provision is made a part of the printing act of January 12, 1895, hy act of January 30, 1903.]

(28 Stat., 614. Sec. 73.

Mar. 2. 1895.
(28 Stat., 805.)

Report, distri- [There shall be printed] of the report of the CommisJan. 12, 185. sioner of Labor, twenty-five thousand copies; five thousand

1.) for the Senate and ten thousand for the House, and ten

thousand for distribution by the Commissioner of Labor. Bulletin.cos: The Commissioner of Labor is hereby authorized to pre

pare and publish a bulletin of the Bureau of Labor, as to the condition of labor in this and other countries, condensations of state and foreign labor reports, facts as to conditions of employment, and such other facts as may be deemed of value to the industrial interests of the country, and there shall be printed one edition of not exceeding ten thousand copies of each issue of said bulletin for distribution by the Bureau of Labor. Under this provision the bimonthly Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor is published. Purchase of reports and material for Bulletins is author

ized in appropriation acts.] Bulletin, extra The Public Printer is authorized to print such number

om of extra copies of the bimonthly Bulletin of the Bureau of (31 Stat., 6'4.) Labor, not to exceed 20,000 of any single issue, when in

the opinion of the Commissioner of Labor the demand for

the Bulletin makes an extra edition necessary. Louisiana Pur- [An exhibit by the Bureau of Labor at the Louisiana

Xp0sl Purchase Exposition, and a representative on the United Mar. 3. 1901... States Government Board, is provided for by law. I

- - - - a This duty was transferred to the Bureau of the Census by Department Circular No. 3. See page 83,

edition,

June 6, 1900.

chase Exposition.

(31 Suat., 1942

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BUILDING OCCUPIED BY THE LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD, THE BUREAU OF NAVIGATION,

AND THE STEAMBOAT-INSPECTION SERVICE

CHAPTER VII

LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD

[Including Light-House Establishment.]

The eight light-houses established by the maritime colonies were accepted by the Federal Government by act of Congress of August 7, 1759, and since that date all jurisdiction over and maintenance of aids to navigation have been in the General Government. They were placed under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, where they remained until their supervision was given to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor by act of Congress approved February 14, 1903, entitled "An act to establish the Department of Commerce and Labor.”

The office of Commissioner of Revenue was established May 8, 1792, and the superintendence and control of lights devolved upon him, but when, in 1802, his office was abolished, the Secretary of the Treasury resumed direct control, and it remained with him until July 24, 1813, when the office of Commissioner of the Revenue was reestablished, and the control of the lights again became a part of his work. That office was a second time abolished by act of December 23, 1817, which went into operation July 1, 1820, when the care of the lights passed to the Fifth Auditor of the Treasury.

By act of July 7, 1838, Congress authorized the division of the lighthouse system into districts, in order that more exact information might be furnished to the Congress, and provided for the purchase abroad and importation of two sets of lenticular apparatus, and one set of reflector apparatus.

Beginning in 1812, Congress made a thorough investigation of the Light-House Establishment and its administration, and in 1815 sent abroad two naval lieutenants to procure information which would tend to the improvement of the light-house system of the United States.

As a result, by the act of March 3, 1851, the Secretary of the Treasury was authorized to put the Fresnel illuminating apparatus into light-houses, and to appoint a board to inquire into the condition of the Establishment and make a detailed report and programme to guide legislation in extending and improving the system of construction, illumination, inspection, and superintendence. The elaborate report of this board formed the basis of the act of Congress approved August

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65

31, 1852. This organic act constituted the Light-House Board as it has existed down to the present time, composed of officers of the Army and Navy and eminent scientists in civil life. The Establishment is modeled on the French service, and has complete supervision of all aids to navigation on our coasts.

Chairmen of the Light-House Boord with dates of service.

Name.

From

To

William B. Shubrick, captain, U. S. Navy......

Oct. 9,1852 Feb. 7,1819 Lawrence Kearney, captain, U. S. Navy..

Feb. 7,1859 June 6, 1539 William B. Shubrick, captain, rear-admiral, U. S. Navy, who served until retired by law.........

.. June 6, 1859 Oct. 30, 1871 Prof, Joseph Henry, LL. D., secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, who served until his death ....

Oct. 30,1871 May 13, 1878 John Rodgers, rear-admiral, U.S. Navy, who served until his death .... June 23, 1878 May 5, 1882 Robert H. Wyman, rear-admiral, U.S. Navy, who served until his death. June 5, 1982 Dec. 2, 182 Stephen C. Rowan, vice-admiral, U.S. Navy, retired at own request.. Jan. 18, 1883 Feb. 26. 1849 David P. Harmony, rear-admiral, l'. s. Xavy ...

Feb. 27, 1889 May 29, 1991 James M. Greer, rear-admiral, U. S. Navy .........

June 1, 1891 Dec. 1, 1894 John G. Walker, rear-admiral, U. S. Navy....

.. Dec. 4, 1894 Mar. 23, 1897 Winfield 8. Schley, commodore, U. S. Navy....

. Apr. 5.1897 Mar. 25, 1898 F. V. McNair, rear-admiral, U.S. Navy .....

Mar. 18, 1898 July 5, 1898 Rush R. Wallace, commodore, U.S. Navy (retired

July 11, 1898 Oct. 3, 1998 Francis J. Higginson, commodore, U.S. Navy ....

Oct. 3, 1898 Apr. 22, 1901 Norman H. Farquhar, rear-admiral, U.S. Navy...

May 2, 1901, May 6, 1902 George C. Remey, rear-admiral, U.S. Navy .........

May 6, 1902 Aug. 8, 1903 John J. Read, rear-admiral, U.S. Navy .................

Aug. 8,193

LAW PERTAINING TO THE LIGHTHOUSE BOARD AND LIGHTHOUSE ESTABLISH.

MENT

(As modified by act of February 14, 1903.)

ORGANIZATION AND DUTIES OF LIGHTHOUSE BOARD

Board.

President.
R.S., 4659.

Chairinan.
R. S., 4655.

Composition of The President shall appoint two officers of the Navy, of R.S., 4653. high rank, two officers of the Corps of Engineers of the

Army, and two civilians of high scientific attainments, whose services may be at the disposal of the President, together with an officer of the Navy and an officer of engineers of the Army, as secretaries, who shall constitute the Lighthouse Board.

The Secretary of Commerce and Labor shall be ex-officio president of the Lighthouse Board.

The Lighthouse Board shall elect, by ballot, one of their number as chairman of the Board, who shall preside at their meetings, when the president is absent, and shall perform such acts as may be prescribed by the rules of the Board.

The Lighthouse Board shall meet, for the transaction of R. S., 4656.

business, on the first Mondays in March, June, September, and December. But the Secretary of Commerce and Labor may convene the Board whenever, in his judgment,

the exigencies of the service require it. Government of The Lighthouse Board may adopt such regulations for R.S.,2657. the government of their meetings as they judge expedient. Duties of The Lighthouse Board shall be attached to the office of R. S., 4659. the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, and under his

Meetings,

meetings.

Board.

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