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can be faid to be entitled to tribute only when he effe&ually protects the fubject from the oppreffions and injuftice of ufurpers or lawlefs tyrants.

Anfwer to the Second Queftion.

The jurifdi£tion of the Zemindar is defined in the Zemindary Sunnud, or patent; and is juit as extenfive as is therein cxpreffed.

Anfwer to the Third Queftion.
Thefe are alfo defined in the Sunnuds.

Anfwer to the Fourth Queftion.

The powers of the Zemindar extend fo far only as they are fixed by the Hakims authority: thefe are alfo ftated in die Sun* nud.

Anfwer to the Fifth Queftion.

All the rights of the State or Crown, agreeably to the nature of the Hakim's (perhaps it fhould be the Sovereign's) bounty, are vefted in the Jageerdar.

Anfwer to the Sixth Queftion.

Thefe points are all fettled in the Sunnud of every falook, from the terms of which it is not ufual to deviate.

Anfwer to the Seventh Queftion.

Sunnuds were introduced in order to remove all doubtful points: all the particulars of theie feveral heads are fet forth in the Sunnuds, and alfo appear on the records: it is with the fame view that written inftruments are taken from perfons entering into engagements with Government.

Anfwer to the Eighth Queftion.

In order fully to explain the ufages of former times, and of the prefent, it would be neceflary to enter into a minute detail; nor is it practicable, without confulting Sunnuds and Muchclkehs, (or engagements) to treat at all of fuch intricate and contradictory matters in a narrow compafs.

N. B. The chara&er of the Nizam's Mtnifter is publicly known to be highly refpe&able for ability and intelligence.

The character of the native Judge in Bengal is authenticated by a tranflation of the Teftimonial of Mr. Petrie, in Perjian.

Thefe are to certify, that Meer Bundah My* Duroga, of the Calcutta Adawlut, conducted the bufinefs both of the Fouzdarry and Dewannee Ada-volute, during the whole time of my holding the office of Judge and Magiftrate, (till fucceeded by Mr. Glad-win) with propriety and great ability; and that I was well fatisfied with his conduct, which, as far as I know, gave general fatisfaction.

(Signed)

John Petrie.

October 29, 1785.

Calcutta, Jan. 18, 1786.

Meer Bundah Aly having requefted that I would perufe the above-written Teftimonial, and certify what I know of his character and conduct, I think myfelf bound in juftice to fay, that, in my opinion, he fully merits all the praife which Mr. Petrie has given him. While Chinfura was under Brii'J}} Government, and I prefided in the Court of Juftice there, the late Mr. 'fbomas Dugald Campbcl acted under me as Zemindar of Chinfura, and Meer Bundah Aly was his Daroga, in that capacity, as well as in the Calcutta Dewannee Adaulut; I had in that fituation conftant opportunity of hearing what the natives laid of him, and of feeing the ability and temper with which he conducted bufmefs, and from what 1 have feen and heard of him, I think him a very fit man to be employed in the adminiftration of juftice.

(Signed)

Robert Chambers.

Tranjlafion of the Anfwer of Mahomed Abdul Speckocr Khan, Governor of Allahabad In Owde, to the aforefaid eight

Apfwer to the Firft Queftion,

Formerly the Rajahs and Zemindars throughout the country were the proprietors of the lands, but fince the reign of Timur Shah ^Tamerlane is meant) the King has been the proprietor of the foil, and enjoyed the power of difpofleffing the Zemindars at his pleafure.

Anfwer to the Second Queftion.

The object of the jurifdiction of the Zemindary office is to promote induftry among the Reyuts.

Anfwer to the Third Queftion.

The Zemindars, who excite induftry among their Reyuts, are entitled, in con

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