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power, to inftitute claims, on our ignorance, incompatible with the rights and exigence of the power of Great Britain in Britijh India. The public, in the abovementioned treatifc * of Mr. Grant, the late Serijhtadar, may examine the arguments which Sir John Shore rejected; and by perufing the treatifepublifhed by Mr. LrfWf, late a Member of the Council of Revenue in Fort William, may examine the arguments on which Sir John Shore adopted, in 1788, the Mocurrerry plan, ordered by Lord Cornwallis in 1/89. It is fufficient for me to refer to tbefe documents to juftify my opinion of the inveftigation of 1788 and 1789, and it will not bedifputed that the revenue and criminal regulations were publifhed in Bengal in 1/87, and that the definition of the pcrfons to whom they applied was not decided in 1788, nor publicly determined before the date of the following order.
* Inquiry into Zemindary Tenures. Debrclt, 1790. f Sketch of the late arrangements in Bengal. Stockdale, 1792.
To John Shore, Efq. Prejident, and Member of the Board of Revenue.
Fort William, May lo*11, 1789. GENTLEMEN,
WITH a view to carry into execution the orders of the Court of Directors for a fettlement of the Bakar province, we have thought it expedient to take the fubjecl: into our confederation at this early period, that at the expiration of the Fufillee year, in September next, the meafure may be wholly accomplifhed, or, as far as practicable carried into execution.
Our inftru&ions to the Collectors of Babar, regarding the fettlement of laft year, were preparatory to the meafure, and had a reference to it; we have accordingly paffed the following refolution, with a view to the final attainment of the intended object
i ft, That at the expiration of the prefent Fufillee year a new fettlement of Bahar be concluded with the Zemindars, the actual proprietors of the foil, whether at prefcnt independent or dependent upon any other Zemindars paying their rents immediately to Government.
2nd, That the fettlement be made for a period of ten years certain, with a notification that, if approved by the Court of Directors, it will become permanent and no farther alteration take place at the end of ten year*.
3rd, That the Jumma which each Zemindar is to pay, be fixed by the Colle&or, with the referve of the approbation of the Board of Revenue, on fair and equitable principles, according to the beft accounts which he can procure of the value of the knds, without a mcafuremcnt of them; that if he fhould deem it eligible, he may call upon the Zemindars to deliver in propofals for renting their lands, but that his judgement is to determine the amount.
4th, That the Gunges be not included in any fettlement with any Zemindar, but that, for the prefent, they remain under the exclufive jurifdiction of an officer appointed by the Collector, who is to propofe fuch regulations as he may think beft calculated for regulating and fixing the duties.
5th, That the Jumma of each Zemindar, being afleflcd, the amount thereof fhall be apportioned by the different villages in it, if poffible, previous to the conclulion of the Sudder Jumna, either by the Zemindar, who is to be required to make this diftribution, or Collector; or fubfequent thereto, under a claufe binding each Zemindar to deliver in an account of the afleflment on the villages apportioned to the Sudder Jumma within three months from the fignature of the Cabooliat.
6th, That if there are villages of which there are no proprietors, the fettlement of them be made as above with a farmer.
7th, That the Sudder Kijlbundy be fo regulated as to afford the Zemindars all poffible convenience on the difcharge of their rents, with a due regard to the fecurity of Government, and that the Collector report whether any, and what, inconvenience would enfue from extending the period of the Sudder and Mofuffil Kiftbundy to two months inftead of
8th, That the Collector do alfo eftablifti the Mofuffil Kijlbundy in fuch a form as may be moft convenient for the Reyuts, without rifking the fecurity of their payment to Government.
pth, That as the number of renters paying revenue immediately to Government may, in confequ*nce of framing a iettlement with the Zemindars, be greatly increafed, the Collectors report if it will be neceffary and advifeable to appoint TehJtldars to receive the revenues from a certain number of the landholders, and whether any, and what, additional expence will be required on this account.
loth, That every Zemindar, or Talookdar, who is a minor or female, be declared