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incapable of having any concern whatever in the management of the revenues, and that no engagements for the payment thereof be contracted with any Zemindar under this defcription.
The management of the revenues of Zemindars who are minors or females, fhall be affigned to a perfon efpecially appointed by Government for this truft, to be denominated Serbuzacar, or Manager, who, previous to the receipt of his commiflion* is to execute an obligation binding himfelf to a faithful difcharge of the duties afligned to him, and no farther.
The Manager is to be chofen by the Collector, fubject to the approbation of the Board of Revenue, and his commiflion is to be figned by the Collector, and to be authenticated by the official feal. In recommending the perfon to this truft, the following confiderations are to be obfervedv
In the firft inftance, a near relation of the Zemindar is to be preferred to all others; in the fecond, a creditable fervant of the family; and in the laft refort, a perfon unconnected with it: capacity for the bufinefs is underftood to be a neceffary qualification, and to be particularly attended to in determining the preference.
Lunacy, contumacy, or notorious profligacy of character, are to be deemed difqualifications of a Zemindar, and the fettlement, in fuch cafes, is to be regulated by the provifions above laid down with regard to the lands of minors and females; but no Zemindar is to be excluded for any of the difqualifications mentioned in this article without the previous approbation of
the Governor General in Council.
lith, That the engagements with the Zemindars and Farmers be made for Sicca rupees, and in order to obviate any inconvenience which may arife from there not being a fufficient number of Sicca rupees in circulation for the payment of the revenues, that the farmers and Zemindars be allowed, till the expiration of the Fttfillec year* 1197, the option of paying their rents in Siccas, or in Sonauts at the Batta i E e 2
at which the latter are reduced into Siccas in the treafurv account of the Collector. That the Collectors do either remit fuch Sonant to the Prefidency, or in the event of their being obliged to pay them away to anlwer bills drawn on them in Siccas, they infert in their treafury accounts the profits or lofs, or on the difpofal of them, under the head of profit and lofs on exchange. That after the expiration of the year. 1197 no other rupees except Siccas be received at the treafuries of the Collectors, it being the intention of Government to put a ftop to the -currency of every other fpecies of rupees by that period,
We direct that the above refolutions be tranfmitted to the Collectors of Bahar, and that they be directed to prepare for the formation of a fettlement accordingly, to the prefcriptions of them, advifing you by the end of June, if any objeflions fhould occur to any of them, either as to the propriety or practicability of them, to fubmit, with fuch objections, any other propofitions which they may deem more eligible.
This ten years fcttlement, and new definition of perfons, deliberately refolved on,. were publifhed, Zemindars were invited to fubfcribe to it, but fcarce had they reached the more diftant frations than they •were followed by orders cancelling parts of the agreement; for Government found, by the experience of three months, ftrong objections which ought to have been forefeen by a curfory view of the proceedings of the revenue departments referred to in the above order, and particularly by the correfpondence of Sir John Shore and Mr. Law *. The firft operation of the article -faffecting Abfenteez appeared in the accounts Havillee Bahar, in thofe diftricts of Bahar in which the Mocurrerry fettlement had then taken place: the newly defined proprietors were difpoflefled folely on account of thtir abfence; of 70 villages, confifting of 22,452 Begas, aflefled at 18,535 rupees; and 40 villages of 10,760 Begas, affefled at 10,569 rupees, were rejufed by the proprietors on the conditions offered by
* Sketch of late Arrangements. Stockdale, 1792. t Ibid. p. 117.
the Collector; and 4 villages, confifting of 2,679 Begas, aflefled at 773 rupees, were taken from proprietors without any caufe afligned; and in other parts of the return the detail was by no means fufficiently explained. Sir John Shore could not withftaad public opinion, fupported by fuch official evidence, and he confeffed that the Mocurrerry plan,' profeffing to eftablim hereditary eftatcs withjixed rents*, in practice, eftabiifhed an Ideal permanency; that the rules which he had deemed adequate tor fecure Zemindars in their rights, and the Reyuts from oppreflion, though numerous, had proved indefinite and arbitrary; that the undefined relation of Zemindars with falookdars and Reyuts, which he conceived would have been lettkd by defining the relation of Zemindar to the fovereign, and by leaving the Zemindar to fettle with the dependants on his landed property, had brought forward cafes which the Revenue Board were unable to underftand or define;
* Sketch of late Arrangements; Mr. Law's Letter to John Shore, Efq. Preiident, and Members of the Board of Revenue, p. 48.