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ctitnftaneeS,, it would be advifeable to delay the plan with a view to this object is another* and ferious, confideration." The Prefident of the Board of Revenue * ftated that " Mr. Law obferves, the Canongoe't meafuremettt cannot be relied upon; he has ihierted in the Pottah and Cdbooleat the term more or lefs. In reverting to the copies of theie inftruments, accompanying the Collector's letter of the 24th of October, I could not find the term more or lefs" Thefe obfervations lead to the explanation of the Collector's arbitrary rule of correcting the defects •}-: he " had only to diminim upon the highly cultivated, and cdnfequently heavily affefled villages, and in fome inftances to incfeafe a little the Jumna of a few villages with an exteniive tra& of land which paid almoft nothing." By freeing the Meourrydars from the capricious claims of head Zemindars, *' it were nearly impoffible to over aflefs any villages |." In refpect to boundaries, " fully aware of the confequences from litigated limits, I (Mr. Law) inferted tfce claufe in the Pottah, or title deed, for die reciprocal fecurity of Government and landholder*" ** On reference to the Perfian grant the word T"uckmettum is inferted, but, by forne miftake, the copier of the Englijh Poitah tranfmitted to the Board has omitted its tranflate ejlimated more or lefs +." ** Sooner or later the village holders will even mark their boundaries, which are fufficiently afcertained now, but they could not be relied upon for a report; firfl from their reluctance to incur trouble and expence; fecondly from fear of expofing themfelves to higher rent, or from a wifh to obtain a lower; thirdly to their liability to err, from ignorance or negle6t. No report can exclude the revifion of Adaulets when dvfputes arife; to attempt defining every limit would be to excite a fpirit of difpute and encroachment inftead of preventing it* J'he Collector's ajjijlant would be apt to miftake, and his menfuration cculd not be in juftice a bar to the Court's inveftigation upon an appeal, and therefore his trouble ab initio be nugatory *." This important word " fuckmenum" will leave every grant, or Pottah where boundaries are afcertained, open to the dccifion of the Adaulet; and where boundaries are not afcertained and increafed, cultivation fhall make it worth difpute: " the courts of juftice will decide, in what manner is immaterial to the Government, whofe quit rent cannot be endangered f•"
* Sketch of late Arrangements, p. 106. t Ibid. p. 85. J Ibid. p. 106.
Having thus fettled the afleflment, if the land proprietor refufe the'quit rent allotment, he will receive permanent compenfation J of cne tenth; if he accepts, he muft make good his payments, or the lands muft be fold privately § by the Zemindar, or .publicly by the Collector, fubject to the fpecified tax ||. "A purchafer's refufal of the quit rent cannot be admitted, elfe the applica
* Sketch of late Arrangements, p. in. t Ibid. p. no. $ Ibid. p. 42. § Ibid. 121. || Ibid. p. 85.
tions for deductions on various pleas would be endlefs; mould an earthquake happen, overflowing rivers depofit fand, or m'l/laken ajjejjment render the village inadequate to bear the land tax, the proprietors mould be at liberty to refign the eftate, (the quit rent being the condition of his tenure) and the Board of Revenue may afterwards grant it to another *." The Reyuts can eafily move from one Mocurreydar>$ eftate to another; ** thus oppreflion will be prevented f." "The Adaulets will prevent oppreflion, and as rack-renting can only drive the Reyuts to a neighbouring Mocurrery, they will return immediately upon a change of proprietor J." It appears that fo much of the old cuftom of corn rent had prevailed during the Company's farming fyftem, that the Reyut had the option of delivering rice in kind§', if he cultivated valuable' articles, cotton, fugar cane, opium, &c. he was liable to pay thofe crops in coin; the exactions of the Zemindars had leflened the
* Sketch of late Arrangements, p. 95. t Ibid. p. 60. £ Ibid. p. 96. § Ibid. p. 60.
cultivation of thofe articles; if the Zemin dar or farmer demanded during the farming /yjtem more than his .proportion of the crop of rice; " the Reyut refu-fed to cut it down, and fteals enough at night for fubfiftence, leaving the remainder to rot on the ground*" but by the Mocurrery plan, the heritable Pottah is of no avail, the Reyut muft fubmit to exaction or run away.
I am unable to ftate the charge of this fyftem. It appears that a Tehfildar, a native officer muft be appointed to collect in each Purgunnah -j- at an allowance of 21 per cent. and "as the country becomes flouriming, offices under government will be follicited more for honor than the falary J" when Zemindars are .deprived of " the management of their own lands, they are, agreeable to the conftitution of the Soubah, to receive permanent allowance of 10 per cent. Malconnah on the net Jumma of the Ztmndary §. Mr. Law obferves "that
* Sketch of late Arrangements, page 60. t Ibid. p. 92. £ Ibid. p. 57. § Ibid. p. 240.