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4. COINS OF THE TIME OF THE ACHAIAN LEAGUE. 7. SUPPOSED SITE OF THE GARDEN OF EDEN.
An interesting discovery has just been made at Trikali, near Cor- Biblical geographers point to the Lake Ian, in northern Armenia, inth. It consists of an antique bronze vase containing 9,170 coins and now a Russian possession, as the spot where once was situated in excellent preservation. The most modern of them date from tho the paradise lost by the fault of Adam and Eve. Indo-European time of the Achaian League, 280 years before the Christian era theorists locate the primitive Eden in northern Asia. It occupied The vase has been presented to the Queen of Greece, who takes all the present western and part of the eastern Siberia, extending groat interest in ancient art.
from 40° to 53° latitude, and from 60° to 100° longitude. The Arctic ocean, at that time as pleasant as the Mediterranean, with
the Ural mountains as islands, was the northern boundary. On the 5. “LOST CITIES.”
east lay the Altai and the Chinese Blue or Celestial mountains ;
on the south of Paropamisus, or Hindoo-Koosh ; and on the west From a lecture on this subject, by the Rev. Dr. McCaul, we the Caucasus and the Ararat. Both the Edens are now Russian make the following extracts :
possessions. Besides, Russian influence is preponderating in JeruThe Lecturer commenced with an observation upon the similarity salem ; and the spot in Rome assigned by archæologists as the ono in the death of cities and individuals, eloquently referring to the where Romulus was nursed by a she-wolf, is Russian property, sudden accidents which have destroyed cities, and again to the des- having been bought by Nicholas for the sake of excavations. By a truction of the great commercial cities from natural causes like the curious coincidence, Russia owns in this way the places most sacred death of individuals—from that insidious disease which fashions up in the history of our race. on and wears away the strength of manhood. The Rev. gentleman then commenced with a notice of the early history of the great city
8. DANISH REMAINS IN ENGLAND. of Babylon which long continued prosperous and powerful, but which 2,000 years B.O. was conquered by the Assyrians under
Very recently some interesting and very perfect antiquarian reNinus. But the day of the greatest glory of this city was during and Western Railway, Ireland. Some workmen employed in exca
mains were discovered at Island Bridge close to the Great Southern surrender, in ono memorable night, the seat of that glory to the vating for building purposes, came suddenly on a human skeleton hands of the Persians. Less than two centuries after this temple
of with a broad and commanding forehead. The bones were perfect Beluis—the tower of Babel-was in ruins ; at the birth of our Lord till the admission of the atmosphere, when they partly crumbled the city had become insignificant, and in the fourth century of our away. By the side of the figure lay a sword-pronounced by some era it had become the preserves for the games of monarchs ; and scientific men, who quickly visited the spot, to be of Danish workmain of the city of the great kings. The lecturer then
proceeded which lay across the breast of the figure, the weighing plates of fino now some shapeless heaps of mouldering brick-work are all that re- manship, also some arrows and spearheads of ancient form. The
most remarkable object found, however, consisted of a pair of scales to remark upon Nineveh, another of the great cities which were built to secure the trade of the East. A notice derived from the bronze, and the beam ingeniously formed so as to receive into itself sacred and profane records of that time made the audience acquain which the scales are held aloft. Precautions are being taken to
as the blade goes into the handle of a penknife, that portion by ted with its geographical and a short national history of that other great city of two millions of inhabitants, whose place even was lost preserve the remains for further investigation. till the beginning of this century, and only made known to us by the efforts of our own countryman, Layard. Greenland next engaged the speaker's attention, with some remarks upon the early evi
V. Biographical Sketches. dence of the Norsemen or Sea-kings in that country, and their discovery of this country as early as the year A.D. 1,000, with some
No. 23.-ROBERT STANTON, ESQ. extended observations upon the adventurous race who lived in a state of comparative civilization upon that wild coast, and who, at
We record to-day the death of Mr. Robert Stanton at the age of the end of several centuries, died out, leaving their bleaching bones 72. The deceased was a native Canadian and held several public upon the shores of that unknown coast. Coming to this continent, offices in his life-time. He fought bravely during the war of 1812. the audience were reminded of the ruins of the largo cities whose Subsequently he was Queen's Printer in Upper Canada ; Collector traces are yet to be seen in Central
America, and which show proof of the Port of Toronto ; Manager of the Western Insurance Comof a civilization whose Asiatic origin is the most probable explana- pany; and latterly Clerk of Process in Osgoode Hall. Mr. Stanton tion. The speaker next carried his hearers to a consideration of was one of that gallant band of patriots who went forth for the dethe position and civilization of Pompeii. In the morning of tho fence of this province and the maintenance of British connection in 24th August, A.D. 79, the usual shakings of the earth became more the memorable war of 1812. One by one these old veterans are intense, but there was yet no fear ; for upon that day the theatro dropping off like the sore leaves in Autumn, and peacefully dropwas then to be opened for the first time in several years. From ping into the bosom of that earth that they defended from the atthe report of the younger Pliny, we learn of the premonitory symp- tacks of the invader
. It is but right and proper that we Canadians toms, and then the terrific explosion which, rolling down fires upon of a later generation should cease for a while from the busy pursuits that devoted city, burned its inhabitants in a grave, whose place for of life that engross us, and contemplate the acts of that generation eighteen centuries remained unknown, and whose civilization has that is so rapidly passing away. It is but meet that we should look only been met by that of our own. The roverend lecturer then gave back upon these stirring times when the few brave hearts and sturdy some accounts of the inscriptions which had been discovered in arms of Canadians purchased for us the privileges of Britons we now Pompeii, showing in an interesting manner the every-day incidents so happily enjoy ; and, while we follow the departed heroes to their of life in that ancient city. The sad conclusion of this drama of tombs, to drop a tear of gratitude in memory of their noble deeds old life showed the effect of the approach of death upon mankind, and gallant actions. The name of the late Robert Stanton is honorwherein the most interesting sight was the mother, who, binding to ably mentioned in " Auchinleck's History of the War of 1812." In her breast her dear offspring, was buried with them in a sleep which giving an account of the battle of Queenston Heights, where British knew no human waking. But, said the lecturer, when cities die valor proved victorious over a superior foe, and where the number they never again stand forth in their pristine splendour, but the of prisoners taken nearly equalled the entire force we had engaged, lowest and humblest mortal shall shake off the dust of the grave, an eye-witness states, "The flank companies of the York militia, and mortal shall put on immortality.
under Capts. Cameron and Heward, and Lieuts. Robinson, McLean and Stanton eminently distinguished themselves on this occasion."
Lieut. Stanton was the last survivor of those gallant officers whoso 6. PALACE OF THE INSTITUTE, ATHENS.
names will be forever emblazoned on the scroll of their country's
history. The next occurrence which took place in which we see the At Athens, on the first of the month, the Palace of the Instituto, name of Lieut. Stanton mentioned was one in which the inhabitants founded by the munificence of Baron Sine, was inaugurated with of York, now Toronto, were deeply interested. On the morning of considerable pomp. The ceremony was followed by an incident the 27th April, 1813, sixteen American vessels were seen off our which caused some sensation, the heart of the lato M. Charles Len. harbor, containing about three thousand men, whom they immediormant, the French savant, whose labours in connection with Greece ately commenced to land. To oppose this large force all the troops are no well known, was removed to the new building from the place Gen. Sheaffe had under command were six hundred, half of whom in which it had been deposited. It was followed by a vast cortege, were militia-men and dockyard-men. For eight hours this little oomprising the civil and military authorities and principal inhabi- band battled against such odds, when they were forced to retire. tants of the city, and a number of foreigners of distinction. The Gradually falling back into the town the inagazine was fired; the widow and son of the deceased appeared in the procession, and M. American commander, Gou: Pike, was killed, and two hundred of Rangabe, a friend and colleague of the deceased, delivered a suitablo his men were killed and wounded by the shower of missiles that rainaddress.
ed upon them, Gen, Sheafle, with his regulars, retreated unmo
lested to Kingston. The little band of militia-men, however, were which is the most celebrated is one suggested by a passage in Lord
No. 27.-JOHN GIBSON.
Gibson, the great sculptor, is dead. It was known that he was We regret to hear by the last mail of the death of the Hon. C. seriously ill, and a prematuré announcement of his end was made R. Ogden, Attorney General of the Isle of Man. He was well some time since, before the event actually occurred. Ho rallied a known in Canada. In 1841 he was elected a member of the first short time, and then his spirit fled its earthly tenement at Rome. Parliament of Canada after the Union, and sat till September 1844. He had attained a respectable age-76 years. Of late, deolining He was appointed a member of the Executive Council and Attorney years and increasing infirmities prevented him from following his General for Lower Canada in February, 1841, and held that office profession, to which the inducement was not strong, for he had retill September of the following year.-Montreal Gazette.
alized a handsome fortune. He began life in very humbled circumstances, and rose to the height of his craft. Sculpture,
however, has advanced greatly since Gibson became famous, and No. 25.-J. J. DUNLOP, Esq.
there are now young sculptors, male and female, who, some of them John James Dunlop, A.M., F.E.I.S., and Principal of the Brock- having received the benefit of his council and experience, are likely ville Grammar School, who died on the 26th ult., was, we believe, to outstrip the master. He has bequeathed to the Royal Academy a native of Strabane, County Tyrone, Ireland. He was born in in England all his works and models not sold at the time of his death; 1793, and was consequently in the 73 year of his age at the time the first cast of Venus de Medicis, which was sent to Canova to be of his death. Of the early life of Mr. Dunlop, we kuow nothing, executed in marble, and which when executed, was to replace the but believe he was educated for the ministry, his father being a noble statue carried off to Paris : and, in addition, the sum of thirty Presbyterian clergyman. One thing we do know, a romantic idea two thousand pounds, on the following conditions :-A space suffi. of following in the footsteps of the celebrated tragedian, Edmund cient for their reception and easy accommodation is to be provided Kean, took possession of his mind, and he consequently quitted for his works, which are to be open to the use of the students of the his studies for the church and entered the “
green room.” The Royal Academy, and are to be exposed to the public under such rewriter of this notice well remembers Mr. Dunlop playing the lead-gulations as the council shall direct. ing parts in the tragedies enacted in the Theatre of Paisley, Scotland, about the years 1827 and 1828. Fven then there was a hallo around his character which could be earned by no ordinary man.
VI. Papers on Natural History.
1. THE BIRD'S PETITION.
Oh, stay your hand, my little boy,
And do not rob my nest; arrived in Brockville, the eminent tragedian only lived in his
Why should you, for a moment's joy, memory. It would appear, however, that shortly after the years
My happy brood molest ? mentioned, Mr. Dunlop was induced to leave the stage and take to teaching. He settled for several years at Lochgilphead in Argyle
My little ones, my hope and pride, shire. He was afterwards installed as Rector of the Classical and
Have not yet learned to fly; Mathematical Academy of Stirling, Scotland, and remained in that
And if you take them from my side, situation till engaged to teach the Grammar School of Brockville.
They soon will pine and die. The deceased was a fine scholar, and appears to have been most choice in the selection of friends and correspondents. This is
Think, gentle boy, what you would feel, evinced from letters found after his death ; among them one from
And your dear mother too, Dr. Sadlier, Provost of Trinity College, Dublin, of which college
If to your bed some thief should steal, Mr. Dunlop was a student; from W. Digby Sadlier, D.D., F.T.C.D.,
And hurry off with you ? formerly a pupil of Mr. Dunlop ; from Professor Ramsay of Glasgow University ; Dr. Thomson, do. ; Sheridan Knowles, etc.
Oh, do not, do not climb the tree, Few men, after an active life, quit the world without enemies,
To spoil our nest so warm, but we question if there be a living man or woman who knew
For you indeed must cruel be, deceased but esteemed and respected him while he lived, and now
If you would do us harm. mourn and regret his death. We never heard of a pupil of his who did not love him, and to the day of his death this love was exhibited
Return then to your happy home, in acts of kindness and attention both by his pupils in Brockville
And be it happy long; and those he had left in Scotland. He was eccentric, and, it may
And to your window, I will come, be, not easily understood, but he possessed a most noble spirit, full
And thank you with a song. of Christian tenderness, and a heart ever open and ready to sympa
-S. W. Partridge. thize with the sons and daughters of affiiction wherever he found them. As a friend writes of him, on hearing of his death—"What a true friend, what a noble hearted man he was. I never knew
2. A CARDINAL ON SMALL BIRDS. one whom I admired more in many respects. True as steel, he had the highest sense of honour, and was thoroughly faithful as a friend.
Cardinal Archbishop Dormat of Paris in a popular lecture said : How little he was understood, and how comparatively unsuccessful on It is calculated that in Spring time there were no less than 10,
000 birds nests in each square league. We know that every nest here when one thinks of his exceedingly fine mind, and great talents.” As a teacher of Latin, Greek, &c., he was esteemed averages four young birds. It has been shown that each of these second to none while in Scotland, possessing in a remarkable degree and that the parents require too their share, making a total daily
young birds requires for its daily food 15 worms or caterpillars, the power of gaining the affoctions of those under him.-Brockville
consumption of 120 insects for each nest. If you multply 120 Recorder.
worms by 10,000 nests, you have a total of 1,200,000 worms de
stroyed every day, or 36,000,000 a month on every square league of No. 26.-SIR CHARLES LOOK EASTLAKE, P.R.A. the country Thrirty-six millions of worms and grubs! Have you Sir Charles was born at Plymouth, in the year 1793, and was reflected that those 36,000,000 of devourers, if you do not respect therefore in the 73rd year of his age. In his youth he studied the existence of the poor birds that consume them, will eat up the under the celebrated Fuseli, who in his younger days was a favorite leaves, flowers, and fruits of our trees, as well as the produce of our of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the first President of the Royal Academy: kitchen gardens? And you must not forget that the insects and Under his guidance, Eastlake's genius was early developed, and parasite plants of which these birds would rid us, levy an impost many of his pictures have become widely known by engravings. nearly double the amount of the property-tax! Remember, also, Among these we may name his “Christ weeping over Jerusalem,” that these insects have already done such damages to the cabbages and " Christ blessing little children." A portrait of the first Napo- that this vegetable has nearly disappeared, and that they are already loon, on board the ship of war that conveyed him to his island working the same havoc among the pine-woods.' The Archbishop prison of St. Helena, was one of his works ; but perhaps the one I might have added that since the almost total destruction of small birds in France the terrible' white worm'— the first stage of Cock
We arm ; and must quell the approaching foe chafer developement-has literally cleared certain localities of the
Our banners will conquer wherever we go. strawberry-plant, the root of which is the favourite food of this
Arm ; ye flower of the land, most destructive worm.
Arm ; ye brave and noble band,
Well may we dismiss our fears, 3. HABITS OF THE SEAL.
Guarded by such Volunteers, The mode the seal adopts when he discovers he is frozen out of
Blend with that well tested host, his element is curious in the extreme. Finding himself disturbed
Far from Britain's wave washed Coast. and the means of retreat cut off, he stands as it were on his head,
Tread the proud invader down, and, using the fore-fins or phripper as a motive power, whirls him
O'er you floats the Cross, the Crown, self round at an inconceivable speed. The mouth being open during the rotary motion, acts somehow as an immense augur, and soon
Canada will ne'er forget penetrates the five or six inches of newly-formed ice on the surface
How her earnest call was met, of the blowing hole. - Recollections of Labrador Life.
How' in one night's quiet life,
Loyal Irish, Britain's sons,
Canada's unshrinking ones, Prince Albert was intensely fond of animals, and especially of
Forming threefold cords to chain birds. Few grounds have been so densely peopled by the feathered
Wolf-hounds and their skulking train. songsters as those attached to the Palace at Pimlico, for it was a privilege to them ; not a nest was ever knowingly disturbed and it
Fenced with love and many a prayor, was the constant aim of the royal father to teach his children to
Given into Jehovah's care, show tenderness to helpless creatures. The prince and princess had
Go ; and if a need must be, each their little garden ; nests were often watched- not to terrify
That you rush to battle's sea, the parent birds, but to guard them from accidental disturbance, so
When this peaceful land resounds that every family of fledglings had from the moment of their birth a
To the clash of fearful sounds, guarded home on sacred ground. On one occasion one of the
Charge ; for He will by you'stand, children found in the garden a blind sparrow. This member of a
Charge ; for God and the Fatherland. great pugilistic community had had its eyes scratched out in a fight, Hamilton, March 12, 1866.
HARRIETT ANNIE. and when found was completely helpless. The child was much concerned about its fate and secured the good sevices of Mrs. Wyness, 2. SPIRITED AND PATRIOTIC CHARGE OF THE CHIEF thegardner's wife begging of her to nurse it while the family were away
JUSTICE OF UPPER CANADA. at Osborne. On their return to Pimlico, the child, who had never forgotten the blind sparrow, hastened to enquire of Mrs. Wyness,
At the opening of the Spring Assizes in Toronto, on the 19th respecting it, and was deeply grieved to hear that it had died in instant, the Hon. W. H. Draper, Chief Justice of Upper Canada, spito of most careful tending. - Hibbard's Gardener's Magazine.
delivered the following admirable and appropriate charge on the present crisis :
REASONS FOR A DEPARTURE FROM ORDINARY PRACTICE. VII. Miscellaneous.
As a general rule, courts and judges abstain from making observations to grand jurors on public or political matters not immediately
connected with the administration of public justice. Occasionally 1. TEN THOUSAND VOLUNTEERS TO THE FRONT.
exceptions arise. Thus in 1837 a painful duty in this respect was To the front ; to the front ;
cast upon the judges, to which I am under no necessity to make Ye dauntless sons of a dauntless race,
and gladly abstain from making further allusion. A new era has There are foes invading your lands,
dawned upon us since, and the events of that period are now no There are chains for your freeborn hands,
more than matters for the historian. At a later period the public There are arms prepared to drag
mind was much agitated by a so-called question of annexation-and From the midway heavens our flag,
that, too, has fallen into oblivion, or, if remembered by those who Steadily, furiously turn each face,
then favoured it, it is, I apprehend, with a devout feeling of thankTo the front ; to the front.
fulness that it has been irrevocably abandoned. A third exception
presents itself now. No one who passes through our streets can To the front ; to the front ;
doubt to what I allude, and few I trust will think that it is out of Softly and sternly the whisper came,
place for me to offer some observations in regard to it. It is imIn the hours of midnight dim.
possible to make an enquiry of the most superficial nature into the 'Mid the merry festal hymn,
cause of what we see around us, without having our attention forced To the side of the dreamer's bed,
as it were upon Ireland and its condition and we cannot avoid lookIt crept with a noiseless tread,
ing back far beyond the events of the present time to understand And a host were armed by the morning's flamo,
the pretext out of which has arisen the crisis apparently impending. Thus sang the unshrinking brave,
IRELAND LONG A BATTLE GROUND-CAUSES. “Oh lead us on to the fight,
From the reign of the first Plantagenet-through the times of the Shoulder to shoulder, or side by side,
Tudors—under the unsparing sword of Cromwell down to the cul. We'll stand or fall for the right.
minating victory gained by William of Nassau, Ireland has been a Keep back, keep back, oh invading foo,
battle-field. Wars of invasion and territorial conquest-wars beOur banners will triumph wherever wo go.
tween the ancient races and the descendants or successors of the
invaders ; wars to maintain or extend the ascendancy of the crown Hinder us not beloved,
of England ; wars of dynasty—the latter more especially, though it With kisses and love and tears,
was not confined to them, embittered or inflamed by difterences of We shall remember you all when there,
religion--successively wasted the land, and prevented the prosperity Quiet those trembling fears.
arising from the cultivation of peaceful and industrial pursuits. Shoulder to shoulder we'll crush the foo,
And since then, down to a modern period—among some sources of Our banners will conquer wherever we go.
active discontent, after breaking out into open violence--and among
complaints not without reasonable foundation—the legal disqualifiSide by side with the men,
cations of men on account of their religious opinions held a promiOf whom Russia tells a tale,
nent place. Since the change of law in that particular, and down Ranked with the heroes of India's sod,
to the present time, a very different course of policy has been fol. Who have no such a word as fail.
lowed-having for its leading object, the promotion of the material We prepared to astound the foe,
prosperity of the whole people, without reference to differences of Our banners will conquer wherever we go.
race or of religious opinions. But, during that iime also, the im
patient folly of some, the perverse malevolerce of others and an For Liberty and Right,
almost wilful blindness to the good that has been done, as well as For the hearts and homes we love,
to the promise for the future which had thus been given, has checked For the Word of Truth our heritage,
progress, and has, at the present, forced the adoption of repressive For the God in Heaven above ;
measures to avert from Ireland tho horrors of civil warfara.
CHARACTER OF THE PRESENT UNPRINCIPLED CONSPIRACY, will not find us divided among ourselves, or unprepared to resist the That a conspiracy-formidable by its numbers, though not ex- invader ! I can make no stronger appeal for the truth of this astending to the classes possessed of education, intelligence or pro- sertion, than to the proceedings in every part of the province on perty-exists against the government of that country is now beyond Saturday last (St. Patrick's Day). Whatever our national origin, doubt. That such conspiracy has been enconraged if not originated, we are all Canadians. Whatever our convictions and opinions on fostered if not created, by men of Irish Birth or of Irish descent, religious subjects, we are all equally protected in their peaceable resident in the United States, is brought home to our conviction enjoyment. Our laws recognize no immunities, privileges or disby the daily record of passing events; and that the inevitable result tinctions for any one class that are not equally open to all
. Our inmust be prejudicial to the peace and prosperity of Ireland is as stitutions are both in theory and practice, as free as those of any obvious as the necessity for vigorous measures of repression and nation upon earth. To a profound and zealous adherence to our restraint.
constitutional rights and liberties we add a personal devotion to our ATTEMPT OF THE CONSPIRATORS TO MAKE CANADA A BATTLE GROUND. Queen, honoring her as the head of our government, loving her as
the mother of her people, praying God for the prolongation of her We might, here in Canada, whilst earnestly desiring the mainten, reign and for her domestic happiness and welfare. Experience has ance of the established government in Ireland, and that the mad amply assured us, that there is no despotism under her sceptre, effort to dismember the United Kingdom might meet with speedy while we are not equally convinced that there is as great a freedom and ignominious failure, have thought ourselves beyond the imme- from it and as great an actual enjoyment of more real liberty under diate reach of the threatened conflict
. We might expect to hear forms of government more popular in their external character. And its echo, but not that we should be made parties to it in our own what stronger proof that we rightly appreciate our advantages, land. For, admitting, for the argument sake, the existence of could be given than is afforded by the events of last week. The injustice and oppression which is advanced as the justification of sounding of the alarm was instantaneously followed by the gathering this conspiracy-no such discontent exists or ever has existed here. of willing thousands to defend our altars and our homes. The Canada, among whose most valued inhabitants are many of Irish country which was, as it were, slumbering in peace, has aroused birth and descent, is no more responsible than the United States of itself into activity and presents the aspects of a vast extended camp, America, in which a very large number of the Irish become domi- and while relying as heretofore on the co-operation of the mother ciled, for any of the causes, real or fictitious, which are made the country, the Canadian people from Sarnia to Gaspé have sprung to manifesto of these conspirators—and I firmly believe that few indeed, arms for self defence. If forced to employ them, they will strike if even one of all the Irish residents in Canada, no matter what his in a good cause, and in the humble hope of protection of the Divine creed or party, are so insensible to the advantages of our present Providence. There can be but one reception for the invaders—a form of government as to desire a change, least of all by armed stern and pitiless opposition to repel the aggression-striking for invaders. And yet such is the danger that seems to be imminent. Queen and country, for law and liberty, for wives and children ; It is not war, as that term is understood in the law of nations, that and may God defend the right! threatens ; war tempered by modern civilization by a regard to considerations of humanity, by a desire not to inflict needless suffering on the inhabitants of an invaded country. It is not even civil VIII. Short Critical Notices of Books. internal conflict arising between inhabitants of the same country and subjects of the same government where one part of the subjects, greater or less, of some government desire to subvert it and to Civil POLICY OF AMERICA ; by John W. Draper, LL.D. Foolscap, establish another in its place. But it is an intended invasion from 8vo. pp. 226.*—This work contains the substance (with additions) of leo. a foreign country which cannot be carried into effect without vio-tures delivered before the New York Historical Society, entitled "Thoughts lating the laws of the foreign country and the duties of its governs on the Future Civil Policy of America," and is an application to America ment by a body of men whose acts will place them beyond the pale of the principles contained in the author's former work on the “Intellecand protection of all national law, and who cannot therefore be expected to act in conformity therewith, or to acknowledge any of tual Development of Europe." It is designed to show the bearing of some its obligations. Their avowed motives include that of revenge upon of the more prominent principles thus presented on certain questions of England for the alleged wrongs of Ireland, and as they do not hope great political interest, and that “Social advancement is as completely under at this moment to raise an insurrection and strike at the Queen's the control of natural law as is the bodily growth of an individual.” The government in that country, they propose to assail this province, as value of the work may be learned from an enumeration of the followa means of insult and annoyance which is more within their reach
ing chapters on “The influence of climate," "The effects of emigration,” and in which they may indulge in the hope of an easier temporary success. Such an attack, conceived and executed in such a spirit, “The political force of seas," and " The natural course of national developwould, in all human probability, be an outlet for the most fiendish ment." passions of the most abandoned of those associated in it, where
Social LIFE OF THE CHINESE ; by Rev. J. Doolittle. 2 vols. 12m0., success would be accompanied by rapine and violation, by wholesale pp. 459, 499.*_We regard this as one of the most interesting and valu. plunder and unrestrained licentiousness.
able books on the Chinese that has appeared for some time. It relates to SYMPATHY OF AMERICANS WITH THE ATTACK UPON CANADA, their religions, governmental and educational institutions, and their busi
When I reflect on the consequences of such an invasion, I feel ness customs and opinions. The text is illustrated by upwards of one reluctant to believe that citizens of the United States who are un- hundred and fifty excellent illustrations. The author has been fourteen connected with the alleged motives and excuses, are, as has been repeatedly and confidently affirmed in their own public journals, years a member of the Futi-chau mission of the American Board and has contributing their means to promote such atrocious results. I do bad abandant opportunities for obtaining accurate infcrmation on the subnot think the occasional outbursts of “envy, hatred, and all un-jects to which he refers. Nearly two thirds of the volume bad previously charitableness" with no measured mingling of falsehood and mis- appeared in the China Mail-a newspaper published at Hong Kong-and representation, which some portions of the public press display, is therefore popular in its style and very agreeable reading. Now, since exhibiting in the same moment the malevolence of the worst passions the Chinese Empire bas ceased to be a sealed kingdom to foreigners, an with the irritating consciousness of impotency to indulge them, re- insight into the peouliar manner and custom of this ancient and semiquire notice at my hand. I can understand political theorists speculatiug upon the superiority in their estimation of a republican civilized people, would be the more interesting; we therefore heartily form of government over a monarchy, and that in America at all recommend these volumes to our readers. events the one should supersede the other. I can understand that A NOBLE LITE; by Miss Muloch, author of " John Halifax, Gentle enthusiasts in favor of this theory would rejoice in any course of map." 12mo. pp. 302. *—This is a beautifully written sketch of a truly events which would bring about such a result, and that if their
poble life. The hero of the story is "Lord Cairpforth"-a Scottish Earl sense of national obligation, restrained them from active proceeding in its support, they would take no measure whatever to prevent it. of the last century. Though suffering under a life long infirmity, he was But I cannot understand how any men who recognize the force of ever a devoted follower " after goodl ” and exemplified in his history an pational and moral obligations can aid, whatever their abstract op- acquiescence in that prayer of heartfelt resignation : “ Tby will be done." inions, in sending fire and sword among a neighbouring people, to The moral of the story is excellent, and its influence upon any one who force them to change a form of government under which they are should read it cannot be otherwise than good. prosperous and contented, and to adopt another, against which their feelings revolt and from which they see no good reason to anticipate
RICHARD COBDEN, his Political Career and Public Services: by Jolo a larger amount of happiness or liberty.
McGilchrist. 18mo. pp. 304.*_This biographical sketch of the great Eng. NOBLE SPIRIT OF THE CANADIAN PEOPLE IN THE CRISIS. lish champion of Free Trade, is free from some of the defects of ordinary But if such a storm bo gathering on our horizon, thank God it • Harper & Brothers, Now York; W.C. Chowett, Toronto
biographers, too often mere panegyrios upon the life and services of great Common Schools, of any text book wbich is not included in
To avoid this error, the author tells the story of Mr. Cobden's life the list of Text Books authorized by the Council as provided as far as possible in his own words. Selections have therefore been made by law, after the close of the current year (1866.) from such of Mr. Cobden's speeches, both in and out of parliament, as were In regard to this disapproval of unauthorized Text Books autobiographical. This adds greatly to the interest of these extracts, and by the Council
, the one hundred and twenty-eighth section of aloo to the roliability of the statements which they contain. The book is the Upper Canada Consolidated Common School Law enacts nicely illustrated and is very neat in its appearance. It is designed espe- that—"No person shall use any foreign books in the English cially for the use of young men just entering upon life, and is well calcu- branches of education, in any model or common school, withlated to interest and instruct them.
out the express permission of the Council of Public InstrucMemoir of PETIGRU ; by Wm. J. Grayson, 12mo., pp. 178*—This tion; and no portion of the Legislative School Grant shall be is a very touching and beautiful tribute to an old and valued friend. applied in aid of any common school in which any Book is Oharleston, South Carolina, was the scene of his life, and was also his last
used that has been disapproved of by the Council of Public resting place before " this cruel war,” which desolated his native state,
Instruction, and public notice given of such disapproval.” was over," as it was also in the same year of the gifted author of the II. OTHER PROVISIONS OF TIE, SCHOOL LAW IN REGARD TO memoir. Mr. Petigru was for many years at the head of the bar of South
TEXT BOOKS IN COMMON SCHOOLS. Carolina, and was a genial poble character. Mr. Grayson was also a lead-1. Duty of the Council of Public Instruction for Upper Canada. ing literary man in his native state. The volume is a contribution to a
The fifth clause of the one hundred and nineteenth section history of the inner life of the war for independence at the South. It con. of the Upper Canada Consolidated Common School Law ains an excellent portrait of Mr. Petigru.
enacts that—"119. It shall be the duty of the Council of HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES CATALRY; by Major;A. G. Brackett. Public Instruction
(5) To examine, and at its 12mo. pp. 837.*—This work contains a history of the United States cavalry discretion, recommend or disapprove of Text-books for the from the formation of the Federal Government to the 1st June, 1863. It use of schools." is illustrated with several engravings.
2. Duty of the Chief Superintendent of Education. IX. Departmental Notices.
The tenth section of the one hundred and sixth section of
the Consolidated School Law enacts that—"106. It shall be NOTICE IN REGARD TO THE USE OF UNAUTHOR- the duty of the Chief Superintendent of Education ISED TEXT BOOKS IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
use his best endeavours to provide for
and recommend the use of uniform and Approved Text-books I. PROVISIONS OF THE LAW IN REGARD TO TEXT BOOKS IN in the schools generally.” GRAMMAR SCHOOLS.
3. The Duty of County Boards of Public Instruction. The twelfth, fifteenth, nineteenth, and twenty-fifth sections of the Upper Canada Consolidated Grammar School Law Law enacts that _"98. It shall be the duty of the County, or
The third clause of the ninety-eight section of the School enacts as follows:
Circuit Boards of Public Instruction
(3) To select 12. In each County Grammar School provision shall be (if deemed expedient) from a list of Text-books recommended made for giving * instruction * • according or authorized by the Council of Public Instruction, such books to a programme of studies and general rules and regulations as they may think best adapted for use in the common schools to be prescribed by the Council of Public Instruction for of the county or circuit, and to ascertain and recommend Upper Canada, and approved by the Governor in Council; the best facilities for procuring such books." and no Grammar School shall be entitled to receive any part of the Grammar School Fund, which is not conducted accord.
4. Duty of Local Superintendents of Schools. iog to such programme, rules and regulations.
The sixth clause of the ninety-first section of the School 15. Such Council shall prepare and prescribe a list of Text-Law enaets that—"91. It shall be the duty of the local superbooks, programme of studies, and general rules and regulations intendent of schools
(6) To see that all the schools for the organization and government of the County Grammar are managed and conducted according to law-to prevent the Schools * *
use of unauthorized, and to recommend the use of Autborized [Note. In accordance with this section of the Act the Books in each school, -and to acquire and give information as Council of Public Instruction have passed the following order to the manner in which such Authorized Books can be obon the subject of Text Books: The text books for use in the tained, and the economy and advantage of using them. Grammar Schools being prescribed by the Council of Public 5. Duty of City, Town, and Village Boards of School Trustees. Instruction, the Grammar School Trustees can select such
The fifteenth clause of the seventy-ninth section of the text books from that list as they approve ; but in no case can School Law enacts that_“ 79. It shall be the duty of each more than one series of books be permitted to be used in a Board of School Trustees school.]
(15) To see that all the 19. T'he Chief Superintendent of Education *
pupils in the schools are duly supplied with a uniform series
of Authorized Text-books. shall see that the County Grammar School Fund apportioned by him, is, in all cases, applied to the purposes hereinbefore 6. Duty of School Trustees in Rural School Sections. prescribed, and that each County Grammar School is con- The eighteenth clause of the twenty-seventh section of the ducted according to the rules and regulations legally estab- School Law enacts that~"27. It shall be the duty of the lished.
Trustee School Corporation * (18) To see that no 25. It shall be the duty of such Trustees to see that the unauthorized books are used in the school, and that the pupils pupils of such Grammar School are supplied with proper Text are duly supplied with a uniform series of Authorized TextBooks
and that such School is conducted in books, sanctioned and recommended by the Council of Public accordance with the legally established regulations.
Instruction” A committee, including the Rev. Doctors McCaul, Ormiston, Barclay, and Rev. H. J. Grasett, B.D., having been
Short ADVERTISEMENTB inserted in the Journal of Education for 20 appointed by the Council of Public Instruction for Upper
cents per line, which may be remitted in poslage stamps or otherwise, Canada, to revise the National Readers, and the List of Text back vols., neatlystitched, supplied on the same terms. All
TERM8: For a single copy of the Journalof Education, $1 per annum, Books for Grammar and Common Schools, the Council have to commence with the January Number, and payment in advance nust passed the following order in regard to that list :
in all cases accompany the order. Single numbers, 10 cents each. The Council disapproves of the use, in any Grammar or
All communications to be addressed to J. GEORGX Hopsins, LL.L.
Edwoation Office, Toronta. • Harper Brothers, New York; W. C. Chewett, & Co., Toronto.
LOVELL AND GIBBON, PRINTÉRS, YONGE STREET, TORONTO.