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each, in a University, College, or School of Medicine approved "Your Excellency-Permit me before we leare this hall, to call

your attention to the fact that we have here about two hundred 9. Candidates for final examination shall furnish testimonials of young men who are studying literature and natural science, and attendance in the following branches of a medical education, namely : about eighty who are studying for the church. All are treated Anatomy, Chemistry, Theory and Practice of Medicine, Principles alike, without distinction of country and race. We have pupils and Practice of Surgery, Midwifery and Diseases of Women and from Upper as well as Lower Canada, from the other British provChildren, Materia Medica and Pharmacy, Institutes of Medicine, inces, and from the United States,--to us political views or status General and Practical Anatomy, of which two courses will be go for nought, -only this—we endeavor to incnlcate on all alike the required of six months each ; Chemical Surgery, Medical Jurispru principle of fidelity to the institutions of their own country. To dence, Botany, Practical Chemistry, of which one course of three the Americans we say—' Be good republicans when you get back to months will be required.

your homes.' On the subjects of our Sovereign, Queen Victoria, 10. Candidates must also give proof by ticket, of having attended we enjoin faithfulness and loyalty to her. We add that devotion to at least twelve months' practice of a general hospital, or that of their country is not only a duty enjoined by honor, but also by consome other hospital approved of, and certified to.

science. In these principles we rear the young men whose educa11. Morever, no one shall be permitted to become a candidate tion is entrusted to us, and we hope that you will always find them for examination whose final course shall consist of less than four faithful in persevering in this course of conduct.”. subjects of six months each.

Hon. Mr. Cartier spoke as follows :-"Gentlemen,--After an 12. That students shall not be permitted to attend any other absence of forty years from this institution, I experience much lectures, during their first year, than those on the following pri- pleasure in finding still here my old master--now the Superior of mary branches, viz ;-Final and Practical Anatomy, Chemistry, the College and you also, who are my fellow students, though I Materia Medica and Physiology ; nor will the certificates of any have preceded you by many years. You, gentlemen, perhaps have teacher, who lectures on more than one branch of medical science sometimes (I will not say envied) for a student of the Seminary of be recognized ; and more than one lecture each day shall not be Montreal can never have experienced such a feeling, but you somedelivered by the same person, on these primary branches. The times have allowed the position which I occupy to-day to seem to Professor of Surgery may lecture on Clinical Surgery ; the Profes- your imagination a high and important one. Well, gentlemen, sor of Medicine, and the Professor of Materia Medica may lecture this high place to which I have attained is not due to my merits. I on Botany and Medical Jurispi udence.

do not owe it to any ability of my own, but to this reverend gentle13. Each candidate to be required to produce a certificate of man and his valuable instruction.” (Applause.) baring compounded medicines for two periods of six months each, Before the dispersion of the students for their holiday, they inor one period of twelve months, in the office of a qualified medical sisted on playing Patrick's Day, and hearing from the Hon. Mr. practioner, in conjunction with which he must produce a certificate McGee, who accordingly mounted the steps of the grand entrance, of having attended at least six cases of midwifery,

and briefly addressed them. He congratulated them on the good 14. Four fifths of the actual teaching days of the session must be fortune they enjoyed in being inmates of so magnificent a foundation, attended before a certificate of attendance at said session can be under the superintendence of the venerable Seminary of St. Sulpice granted, except in cases of sickness.

-the true seed-plot of civilization on this island and throughout a 15. All graduates from recognised colleges in the United States great part of Canada. He was glad they had had an opportunity of shall matriculate and attend one full course of lectures ; and all seeing the Chief Magistrate of Canada among them, and he was students shall matriculate and complete a course of study in the equally certain his Excellency was pleased with what he had seen. college in which they intend to graduate, equivalent to the curricu- Without intending any disrespect, he was sure they would all join lum required by the Council.

him in wishing that when his Excellency was in the fulness of time 16. That from a student who is a graduate of any recognised removed from among them, he might be succeeded by a similar University or College, only three years of attendance on Medical order of Moncks. (Loud laughter and cheers.) lectures shall be required. The primary examination shall consist of the following branches : Anatomy, Chemistry, Materia Medica, Institutes of Medicine and Botany, while the final branches shall

III. Education in other Countries. consist of Practice of Medicine, Surgery and Surgical Anatomy, Midwifery, Medical Jurisprudence and Practical Chemistry, Hamilton's Outlines of English History to the present time, Schmitze's

1. THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF MICHIGAN, Manual of Ancient History, embracing Roman History to the death By C. B. STEBBINS, ESQ., DEPUTY STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC of Nero, and Grecian History to the death of Alexander, and Part I. of Fowne's Chemistry, be the subjects of matriculation examination for students entering upon the study of medicine in addition

To the Editor of the Journal of Education for Upper Canada. to the other subjects specified by this Council.

Dear $1R,—The school census, taken every year under oath, 17. The regulation shall not act injuriously as to time in regard shows that the present population of Michigan is, at the least, to those students who have already attended one or more courses 900,000 ; and that 150,000 of this number have been added since the of lectures in any Canadian School, but such shall be allowed them. commencement of the late rebellion. In 1860 the number of chil.

dren from five to twenty years of age was 246,684 ; and the general

census taken the same year was 751,110. This, as well as a similar 5. VICE-REGAL VISIT TO THE GRAND SEMINARY,

comparison in other years, shows that the school census comprises MONTREAL.

scarcely one-third of the population. In 1865 the children numOn Monday last, his Excellency the Governor-General, visited by bered 298,091 ; a gain in five years, of 51, 407, of which 17,319 was invitation, the College of the Grand Seminary, Montreal. He was in 1865 alone. This increase has been exceeded in no past year in accompanied by his Excellency Major-General Michel, and a bril- the history of the State. liant staff. His Excellency was received, at the grand entrance, by Snch has been our increase of population--and the iucrease of the Superior, and Professors of the College, and conducted to the wealth has been greater-while a million and a half of our countryExamination Hall, where loyal addresses in Greek, Latin, French, men have been in fierce conflict in the field of a gigantic rebellion. and English were presented to him.

And, though Michigan furnished eighty thousand men for the His Excellency said in reply that he regretted that he was unable Federal army (nearly all volunteers), though our expenses of living to respond to the addresses which had been presented to him in the increased over fifty per cent, our taxes trebled, and a gloom which several languages in which they were couched-especially at the no human vision could penetrate overshadowed the future, we are short notice of a few minutes. He could, unfortunately, only not advised that a single school has been suspended at any time, in speak his native British, and that not too well, but in that he consequence of the war. On the contrary, the number of towns would return them thanks for their expressions of kindly welcome and cities reporting schools, has increased since 1860, from 649 to to himself personally, and their kind wishes for himself and family: 711 ; the number of districts, from 4,087 to 4,471 and the number He was rejoiced to receive also from the directors and pupils of of teachers, from 7,970 to 8,776. In the same time-five years this large educational establishment the expression of their loyalty to the annual wages paid to teachers increased from $468,988 to $719,; Her Majesty, and of attachment to the free institutions under 214 ; the total yearly resources, from $728,575 to $1,239, 124; and which they had the happiness to live. He was receiving fresh and the value of school houses, from $1,618,859 to $2,223,988. The most gratifying proofs every day that these feelings of loyalty existed number attending school in 1860, was 193, 107 ; and in 1865, it was not only in these great educational establishments, but among the 228. 260. whole people of Canada, of every origin and creed. (Applause.) He About one-third of the annount paid to teachers the past year, again thanked them for their kind reception. (Prolonged applanise.) was paid in 150 districts--Graded schools—which contained 81,000

“God save the Queen” was then sung, after which the Rev. Prin- children, owned full half the value of schoolhouses, and raised about cipal of the seminary said :

forty-five hundreths of all the sohool-resources. Yet, in, these

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schools tuition is the cheapest, the average paid to teachers being on the 1st of March, 65 freedmen's schools, 98 teachers, 6,767 but forty-four and a half cents per month fer cach one attending pupils—an increase over January of 3 schools, 9 teachers, and 198 school ; while in the State-including the graded schools--the aver- pupils, notwithstanding the small-pox so interfered with the schools age was fifty-one cents. This is because, in the graded schools, the in Macon as to decrease the attendance from 1,222 in January to whole number of papils average sixty-one to each teacher; and in 818 in February. The last quarter, ending March 1st, has witthe state at larye, bnt twenty-six. The aggregate expenses per pessed an increase of 13 schools, 36 teachers, and 2,875 pupils. scholar were greatest in the graded schools, because they averaged last month the freedmen in five localities contributed $341 toward terms of nine months during the year, while the average in the the support of their schools, and during the qnarter seven localities State was but six and two-tenths months. The latter was never contributed $4,662. All this in addition to charitable donations to exceeder, and never equalled save in 1860 and 1864.

their suffering poor. Some of the graded districts have school-louses that rank among There are in North Carolina 100 schools for the blacks, 132 the best public buildings in the country. Detroit has $200,000 (it teachers, and, in the month of January, 10,459 scholars, or 2,000 should have twice that) invested in school buildings. A few years more than in December. They are located in all the principal since Ypsilanti, with a population of 3,000, built a school-house, now towns, and are generally regarded with favour. The teachers exnearly paid for, worth $60,000. There are twenty-eight districts perience, however, the popular aversion. They and the employees that have expended , log voluutary self-taxation for school building, of the Bureau, civil and military, amount to less than two hundred over $10,000 ; twelve, over $20,000; nine, over 30,000 ; six, over persons-a slender a "ny of regeneration. $40,000 ; and five, over $50,000.

The American Missionary Association have now 11 colored schools Our mears for carrying on the schools are mainly from the fol- in the Shenandoah Valley, with 1,800 papils. In Lexington the lowing so@rces :

collegians and populace together made strenuous opposition to Ist. The interest on the Primary School Fund. This fund is establish one there. In Richmond there are 1,000 blacks attendmainly from the sales of ore square mile of land in each township ing schools. —Nero York Paper. of thirty-six square miles, set apart for the purpose when the State was admitted into the Union. These lands amount to over one

3. EDUCATION IN MEXICO, million acres, not one half of which is yet sold ; but the fund is already but little short of two million dollars. It is loaned to the The Emperor Maximilian seeks to promote the education of the State, and pays seven per cent. per annum.

whole people, of which he proposes that the Government shall 2nd. A uniform tax of two mills on the dollar of taxable property, undertake the secular part leaving the religions part to the clergy ; amounting the past year to $288,000.

but, inasmuch as the latter have hitherto neglected their duty, they 3rd. Districts can tax themselves annually, not exceeding one are enjoined to begin wow. The following aconunt of the Emperor's dollar per scholar, (ind graded schools without limit) for payment remarkable manifesto, is part of a letter from Mexico in the New of teachers' wages. This amounted to $178,140 the past year.

York Times :4th. Any deficiency in means for paying teachers is supplied by

"Maximilian's recent communication upon education to his Minrate-bills, which, the past year, reached the sum of $90,250. All ister of Public Instruction, begins by expressing a desire that the the above means can be used only for paying teachers,

public instruction may be on a level with that of the first nations. 5th. Districts may vete such taxes as they please, within certain Education must be open to all, public, and, with respect to elemenlimits, according to the number of children (graded schools without tary education, gratuitous and compulsory. limit), for building and other purposes. There was raised the past

"Superior education (secondary) must be so arranged as on one year $375,00U.

hand to offer to the middle classes of society å proper general edu6th: Tuition of non-resident scholars, amounting the past year cation, and on the other hand the course of studies must be so to about $16,000.

arranged as to serve as a base for elevated and professional instruc7th. The proceeds of fines for breaches of the peace, &c., are tion. appropriated by law to the school libraries. This law is largely

“For elevated and professional education he considers special disregarded ; and not over $14,000 was reported the past year.

schools are requisite. What in the middle ages was called a uniThe number of studeuts in the Normal School, the past year, versity has become a word without a meaning. was 255. This school is doing a great work, but can reach ouly a

“ Now we come to the rock on which so many governments have small part of our teachers ; and the Superintendent of Public In- split, and which he must be a good pilot to escape. I mean relistruction annually holds ten to twelve Institutes, of one week each, gious education ; this he declares to be a thing which belongs to in different localities. From 1,000 to 1,500 teachers attend these every one's conscience, and the less the State meddles in religious Institutes, free of tuition, and are usually boarded free by the matters, the more faithful is it to its mission. He continnes. We citizeus.

have freed the church and consciences, and I wish to insure to the The number of male teachers the past year was 1,322 ; female, former the full enjoyment of its lawful rights, and entire liberty in 7,476. The proportion of inale teachers has been much diininished the education of its priests without any interference of the State. by the calls of patriotism ; and some have feared the schools would But, says Maximilian, a part of the church's duty is religious suffer in consequence, from the supposed inability of females to instruction, in which, unfortunately the clergy hitherto have scarcely govern large scholars,

But such persons reason from a stand point taken any share. The parish priest is, therefore, ordered to give of thirty years ago. The fact is, under our school law, the large such instruction according to the books adopted by the government. scholars are more easily governed than the small ones. With the “Strict public examinations, the formation of Normal schools, latter, the ultimate governing power must be force ; but with the and the employment of distinguished professors, both Mexicans and former, the teacher has but to appeal to the district board, which foreigners, are the concluding topics of the letter." bas ample power to subdue or remove any refractory pupil. The existence of this power puts “large boys" on their good behaviour, making its exercise seldom necessary, and a female can rule as well

4. EDUCATION, SCIENCE, AND ART IN ENGLAND. as a Hercules. As to her ability to teach, we are raising up a class The vote for public education this year is to be £693,078 for fully competent to instruct in any branch pursued in nearly all the Great Britain, and £325,583 for Ireland, an increase of £8,813 in schools. Some of the graded schools, where the higher branches the latter vote, and a decrease of £12,326 in the former. Tho are taught, have had female principals whose success has been un number of day scholars individually examined in England under questionable. It is probable that the former proportion of male the revised code, in the year ending the 31st of August, 1864, was teachers will never be restored.

523,713 out of 794,387, the average number attending the schools Thus the statistics indicate that our schools have enjoyed undi- visited, or 66 per cent. The number of nicht scholars individually minished prosperity during the late sanguinary war. All our infor: examined, out of 25,981 attending, was 15,627, or 60·14 per cent. mation corroborates this evidence. The reports of the district The percentage of failures was as follows:- In reading, 11.87 per Directors have improved in completeness and accuracy; and the cent. ; in writing, 13.98; in arithmetic, 23-69. In Scotland, where township Inspectors generally report improvement in discipline, also the inspection and examination of schools has been conducted thoroughness in teaching, and general progress.

since March, 1864, according to the revised code, the percentage of Equal prosperty has attended our University (now having over a failures was, in reading, 10-89 per cent. ; in writing, 28:6; in ariththousand students), our Colleges and Seminaries.

metic, 33 4. The percentage of day scholars in England over ten

years of age to those over six was 39:49 upon the whole number 2. COLORED SCHOOLS IN THE SOUTH.

examined; but the children who were both over ten and presented

for examination above Standard Ill., was only 16 per cent., and The private benevolence of the northern people is doing an im- who passed without failure only 11:12 per cent of the whole nummense work in the South, among whites and blacks alike. We ber examined ; these two last percentages are slight improvements gave the other day some account of the colored schools in Macon. over the corresponding ones in 1863, which were 14:18 and 10.09 The Nation this week roports that there were counted in Goorgia; per cent. The estimates for day scholars iu elementary schools in

England in the financial year 1865–66 is for 897,513, at Os. 3d. naintaining. Having happily escaped the curse of slavery, they each. The calculation is based on the actual average vumber will never submit themselves to the dunination of slave-holles, (844, 222) in attendance in aided elementary schools in the year which pievails in, aud determines the character of the Uuited States. 1864, with 5 per cent. allowed for increase up to the end of 1865, They will be a Russia in the United States, which to them will be and 5 per cent. again for the three remaining months of the finan- France and England. But they will be a Russia civilized and Procial year. The grant per head in the year ending 31st August, testant, and that will be a very different Russia from that which 1864, was 98. upon the average number in attendance, against fills all Southern Europe with terror, and by veas n of that snperies. id. in 1863, and allowance is now made for a further increase, ority, they will be the more terrible to the dwellers in the southern as the schools become better prepared for examination. The esti- latitudes. mate for night scholars is 40.000 at 7s. 6d. In the elementary “ The policy of the United States is to propitiate and secure the day schools visited by Her Majesty's inspectors of schools in Great alliance of Canada while it is yet young and incurious of its future. Britain in 1864, 1,133,291 children were found present; the num- But on the other hand, the policy which the United States actually ber in 1863 was 1,092,741. The number of certificated teachers pursues is the infatuated one of rejecting and spurning vigorous, actually serving in aided schools was 10,136 in 1863, and 10,809 in perennial, and ever-growing Canada, while seeking to establish fee1864 ; of assistant teachers 461 in 1863, and 688 in 1864; of pupil. ble states out of decaying Spanish provinces on the coast and in the teachers 14,180 in 1863, and 12,161 in 1864. The number of islands of the Gulf of Mexico. students in training colleges was 2,701 at the end of 1864 ; the “ I shall not live to see it, but the man is already horu who will number resident for 1865 is about 2,493. The estimate contains see the United States mourn over this stupendous folly, which is charges for 64 inspectors of schools, and 20 inspector's assistants, ouly preparing the way for ultimate danger and downfall. All the same last year. The next vote in this class of estimates is of southern political stars must set, though many times they rise again £161,841 for the Science and art Department--an apparent in- with diminished splendor. But those which illuminate the pole recrease of £26,259, but in part it is merely matter of account. In main fur ever shining, for ever increasing in splendor.” — Montreal 1864 6,831 persons were instructed in science and navigation schools Gazette. and classes ; and there were 110,680 studeuts taught in schools of art at a cost of nearly 68. 9d. per student. Among the items in the

2. THE POWER OF THE EMPIRE. vute tør art silouls are £3,000 to be granted to schools for the labouring poor, and £5,000 in respect to artizans attending night

Great Britain is to-day the richest country in the world ; her classes ; there is also a sum of $2,600 for nainter ance of students ordinary home revenue iu time of peace is $350,000,000, which she sent to the national art-training school from local schools, the could double if necesary, without inci easing her debt and without allowance ranging between 206. to 40s. a week to each student. -- inflicting upon her people a burihen of taxation which they would Papers for the Schoolmaster.

be wable to support. At the present time she bas an any of regulars, Volunteers and Militia of 450,000 n.en, uneynalled the

world over in drill and efficiency. She has at her command man5. EAST INDIA UNIVERSITIES.

ufactw es and arsenals capable of turning « ut any amount of warlike Every year the number who flock to the schools and colleges, and material, while in case of war she could, by resorting to conscription aspire to university bonors, increase in India, but especially in put an army of a million of men into the tield in a very short time. Bengal. A few weeks ago the enormous hall of the fine new post

She has a navy of eight hundied vessels of war and 80.000 seamen

And in office in Calcutta, built just over the Black Hole, was crowded with aud marine to man them, exclusive of the Naval Reserve. the university candidates as ouly the examination-roc ms in China the event of a war for the maintenance of her power upon this are filled. There were 1,500 candidates for natriculation at or continent, an army of 100,000 men could be brought across the Atabove the age of 16, and 447 undergraduates of two years standing lantic, while as Inany more were thrown upon the Pacific coast for the little go. The following week there would le 120 aspiring from India, and her ar med cruisers would fill every sea, for with ut bachelors of arts, besides nasters of aris, and those who seek pro- any difficulty 800 or 1,000 vessels might readily be added to her fessional degrees. But among the would-be bachelor's there is not already formidable navy. one Mussulman. The Bengalese everywhere predominate in the

At the comniencement of the centnry with half her present popuproportion of four-fifths of the whole.

lation aud one fourth of her present reso mi ces, she stood alone a ainst the greater part of Europe and the United States, all beut

upon her destruction. The spirit of the nation which canie triumIV. Lapers relatin, to various countries. phaut out of that mighty conflict is as strong and unconquerable

now as it ever was. The British race of to-day are worthy of their

fathers ; they love their country as dearly, and prize the honour of 1. MR. SEWARD'S OPINION OF CANADA.

the British nation as highly, as the men who won at Waterloo, at At the present time it may be opportune to reproduce the views Trafalgar, at Vittoria and at Queenston Heights. Lovers of peace on the future of British North America, expressed by Mr. Secre. and of the blessings which few from it, should the call to arnis be tary Seward, in a letter to an Albany newspaper. These views sounded, they would rally like their fathers did around the same were formed before Mr. Seward became a Cabinet Minister ; but unconquered flag, and teach their foes a lesson as to the power and the wily Secretary still keeps them in mind, for by his policy of

resoui ces of that empire, which a few foolish men are seeking to commercial coercion he seeks to secure the annexation of Canada

subvert. — Hamilton Spectator. wbile it is yet young and “iucurious of its future." The attempt, however, is too late for success :

3. PROGRESS OF QUEENSLAND. Hitherto, in common with most of my countrymen, as I suppose, I have thought Canada, or, to speak more accuratoly, British dates from 1839, appears to be very satisfactory. The last available

The progress of this colony, the separate existence of which only America, a mere strip lying north of the United States, easily de- census in January, 1864, showed that the colony had then a poputachable from the parent state, but incapable of sustaining itselt, lation of 61,467 persons. Of these 2878 were employed in agriculand therefore ultimately, nay, right soon, to be taken on by the ture, 7693 in pastoral pursuits, and 14,919 in domestic duties, Federal Union, without materially changing or affecting its own while 17,893 were “ under tuition.” The origin of the 61,467 incondition or development. I have dropped the opiwion as a national habitants is thus given :-Born in Queensland, 9592 ; born in other conceit. I see in British North America, stretching as it does across Australian colonies and New Zealand, 7205 ; boru iu Great Britain the continent, from the shores of Labrador and Newfoundland to and other British domiuious, 38,185 ; born in foreign countries, the Pacific, and occupying a cousiderable belt of the temperate zone, 6485 ;-total, 61,467. The whole number of paupers or persons traversed equally with the Uuited States by the lakes, and enjoying receiving public support was ouly 222. The revenue increased to the magnificent shores of the St. Lawrence, with its thousands of £390 823 in 1863, while the impor s in that year were valued as islands in the river and yulf, a region grand enough for the seat of £173,263, and the exports at £1,888,381. & great empire.

Although Queensland is In its wheat fields in the West, its broad ranges of the chase at ed at the close of 1863 to 61.467, while that of New South Wales

the youngest of the Anstralian settlements, her population amontthe North, its inexhaustible lumber lauds--the most extensive now remaining on the globe—its invaluable fisheries, and its yet uudis- 140,416, &c.

was returned at 378,934 in 1863, and that of South Austialia at tui bed mineral deposits, I see the elements of wealth. I find its inhabitants vigorous, hardy, energetic, perfected by the Protestant religion and British constitutioual liberty I find them jealous of

4. THE MAROONS OF JAMAICA. the United States and of Great Britain, as they ought to be; and, A Jamaica writer to a London paper thus speaks of the “Matherefo-e, when I look at their extent and resources, I know they roons” in a late letter :can neither be conquered by the foruer nor permanently held by These people of Jamaica, ubo formed Her Majesty's allies in the the latter. They will be independent, as they are already sell-late insurrection, are of Coromantes descent, aud represent the ori

19

gival ivhabitants of the island,

" Maroon

means “hog hunter," with whom I am acquainted adopt the same method, as being the and was viveu to the slaves of the Spanish culonists of 1657, who easiest for children to acquire, because when they have learn::d the (the slaves), on the iu vasion of England, fled to the monntains and cases of no uns, they have overcome all the difficulties (if there are supported themselves ly jobbery and bvar-hunting. They skulked any) of th se verbal nouns. about the skirts of the out-lymg plantations and murdered strag- Although, in teaching children, I include all the verbal nouns glers, and at night set fire to cane pieces and out-houses. A regn- which express the cause or end of a previous actiul, under the golar war was undertaken against them in 1730, during which they verument of the preposition for; as, “He stood up for to rrad;" were headed by a famous chief nameri Cudjoe. It lasted four years, " Winter comes (for) to rule the varied year.” Yet, when the end and presented some of the most curious features of which war ad- of a previous action is expres ed by the verbal noun, it would be mits. The Marv on chiefs wred to station themselves in glens, more in accordance with ieason to term the particle to a preposition called, in the West Indies, “cockpits "-inclosed by nearly perpen- and the accompanying word a ver! al noun, in the "bjective case, dicular mountains and rocks, and only to be entered from a narrow governed by it ; as. "He forced him to retire iuto Gaui ;” and, in defile. Here, when an enemy was expected, they planted them- this case only would I separate them. selves on the ledges of the rock on each side, and fired on them as Next, with regard to the participle, I teach my pupils that they they advanced in single li e. So harassing were hostilities of this are all (both in perfect and perfect) derived from verbs, and parkind that in 1738 and 1739 regular treaties were made and conces take of the nature of the verb and some oher part of speech. sious given to these brave savages. Land was yielded to them, and sometimes they partake of the na: ure of the verb and a rinin, in a jurisdiction bestowed on the chiefs which culistituted an imperium which case they are verbal nouns, and have all the cases of the verin imperio in the island. This state of things, modified now and bal nouns mentioned above ; for instance, take the four sentences, then by new reyulations, continued till near the end of the last cen- (1.). "Generally speaking, the wea her is fine;”. (2), Sinking tury, when the influence of the French Revolution (acting on the wells is laborious work ; (3.) Seeing is believing;” (4.) “I West Indies just as that of the American revolution is acting now) could not avoid submitting ;They had conquered the enemy ; produced the great Maroon war of 1795. Jamaica was then go- “ Health is improved by ecercising the budy.” In the above senverned by a distingnished soldier-Alexander Lindsay, Earl of Bal- tencer, (1.) Speaking is in the independent case ; (2.) Sinking is in cai res- who conducted the struggle to a satisfactory conclusion. the nominative case to the verb is ; (3.) Believing is in the predicaAt that time the common neyr es did not, as a general rule, join tive case after is : (4.) Submitting is in the objective case, governed the rebellion, while vow it is they who rise and the Marvons who by the verb avoid ; Conquered is in the objective case, governed by renain firm to Her Majesty's Guverument.

the verb had ; Exercising is in the objective case, governed by the

preposition by. All other participles partake of the nature of the 5. EXPLORATION OF CENTRAL ASIA.

verb and an adljective ; as, “The sun was rising in the east ;"

Wright was respected ;" where rising is a verl al adjective beSir John Lawrence has sent three native agents, disguised as louging to the nom snn, and respected a verbal adjective belongmerchants, to explore Central Asia by different ruutes. Each ing to the noun Wright.' All participles are, therefore, either verone is independent of the others, and kept in ignorance of their ap- hul adjectives or verbal nouns. pointment, so that on their return thiee independent varratives In treating the participle in this way, we simplify the verb; and, may be boked for. They are instiucted to tike note of all they instead «f making six tenses, we only have the three divisions of see, to observe the temper of the different peoples among whom they time into which it is philosophically divided. No doubt, in the travel, whether njivements are taking place in favour of Russia, sentences which Mr. B. qnotes, the sense would not be lost by and to visit Bukhara, Kkohand and Samai cand, before they turn back. making two propositions, but it would materially change the con

struction, and the participle would no longer be a participle ; it 6. PERIODICALS IN THE NEW ITALIAN CAPITAL. would be much easier to leave the constructions as we fiud them, It is calculated that 31 periodicals have. transferred their seat of (“ The sun rising : darkness flees away”), call the noun sun the

sauctioned by good usage ; and, in the sentence which he quotes publication from Turin to Florence, where at the present moment nominative case absolute, and the participle rising a verbal adjec64 serials exist, giving employment to about 1500 persons in the tive belonging to it. His next sentence (** Having been there beprinting hunses only, without counting the individuals indirectly fore, he knew the road well") is more simple, the imperfect particontributing their part to the production of the smallest leaf ofciple having being a verbal adjective belonging to the pronoun he, printed paper.

and the perfect participle been a verbal nou governed by having.

With the remaining item, which he mentions, there can be no V. Correspondence of the Journal.

difficulty ; if the words are in the same construction, they are the same part of speech : and, otherwise, they are not ; for instance,

“ It moves slowly and silently;in this example, slowly and silently 1. REMARKS ON ENGLISH GRAMMAR.

are in the same construction, and are both adverbs, modifying

moves ; but, if I say “It moves very sluwly ;" here very and slowly To the Editor of the Journal of Education :

a'e not in the same construction-very being used to aid the word In the last (February) number of the Journal, I notice that Mr. slowly in expressing an extended signification, and is only an auxilR. Blackwood, in his remarks mpon (rainmar, expresses a desire iary adverb belonging to slowly; the same applies to adjectives ; that some other teachers would give their experience on this topic. as, "A more powerful king," where more is an auxiliary adjective With him, I ain of opinion that, if our teachers would write more belonging to powerful ; but, if the word modifies both the adjective on these subjects, it might lead to more uniformity in the method and a noun, the construction is different again, and the word is a of teaching them, and be productive of good results ; with this ob- secondary adjective, e.9., "A talented young author ; his sole reject in view, I venture to give my experience in dealing with the maining joy" here talented belongs to young author, and sole moitems which he meutions,

difies remaining joy. Such examples as these are frequently met First, with regard to the rule," One verb governs another in the with in our reading lessous ; and children can see the difference in infinitive mood," I fully agree with Mr. B., in doing away with the covstruction, and I hare found this mode of dealing with these infinitive moud in English, and terming this construction a verbal items to be readily caught by pupils who have been unable to learn noun, but cannot conceive that they can all be governed according or understand them in any other way. to any single rule, for these verbal nonny are found in all the five Putnamville, Dorchester,

H. M. COOPER, cases of the noun, except the possessive ; for instance, in the ex- March 17th., 1866. pression, To be ; or, not to be ; that is the question ;" the verbal nouns, to be, are in the independ. case ;; or, verbal noun indepen. dent. Then, in the sentence, “ To obey is to enjoy;" to obey is in

VI. Biographical Sketches. the numinative case, and to enjoy in the predicative case, after the intransitive verb is. Ayain, in the sentence which Mr. B. gives ("* Forget not to do good '), to do is evidently in the objective case,

No. 28. -THE HON. CHIEF JUSTICE BOWEN. governed by the transitive verb forget ; also, in the sentences, I was about to tell thee ;” “He was about to send a flood ; " "That We record the death of the Honorable Edward Bowen, D.C.L., all men are ab ut to live,” &c.; the verbal nouns to tell, tu send, and Chief Justice of the Superior Court for Lower Canada. He was to live, are in the objective case, governed by the preposition about. born at Kinsale, Ireland, on the 1st December 1780, and had When not found in the above positions, they alwa s express the consequently attained the venerable age of upwards of 85 years. cause or purpose, or the end of a previons action, and are the object He was name:l Attorney General for Lower Canada a short time of the preposition for, either expressed or muderstood, because the after he was admitted to the bar, and was only thirty-two years of word for always introduces a complemeut of cause or purpose. age when elevated to the bench on the 3rd May, 1812. Since that Such is the way in which I teach my classes, and other teachers time, that is for almost 54 years, he has been a member of the

judiciary, and was probably the longest in office of any judge in the land in the Township of Smith, and lived on it till he removed into British dominions. In 1849 the deceased was appointed to the Town in 1848. In 1849 under the Bildwin LaFontaine Government Chief Justiceship of the Superior Court which he held up to his he was appointed Crowu Land Ayent. This office he held for ten or death. He was a member of the Legislative Council in 1823, and eleven years, until it was removed to the back country.-Revieu. was president of that House in 1837. In fact, Mr. Chief Justice

-Lieut. Col. MATHESON, whose decease was noticed in our last Bowen may be regarded as one of the last of the “old family com issue, was born in the town of Wexford, Ireland, on the 8th March, pact” celebrities of bureaucracy, who wielded such extensive power 1783 When fifteen years old his father and several other relatives previons to the era of responsible government. He was a man of were murdered by the rebels-his father being “piked” on the considerable acuteness, and though his temper was somewhat keen bridge of Wexford. He then joined the 13th Regiment of foot and and manner occasionally abrupt, was nevertheless a thorough gentle served with them on what was called the "secret expedition” to man, generons and humane in disposition. The degree of D.C.L. was conferred upon the deceased judze went with Sir Ralph Abercrombie to Egypt. He was in the three

Ferrol and other places on the coast of Spain, after which they some years ago. in recognition of his long services in the history of first actions in Egypt and escaped with a slight sabre cut. Gen. the country. For a few years he has been prevented by increasing Sir Johu Francis Cradock took him up the country with him as his infirmities and a painful maladv, from an active participation in the duties of his office, and his death has been expected for a few weeks. at the surrender of the French at Grand Cairo-accompanied the

Orderly Sergeant. He was present in the actions on the Nile and The curts arljourned this morning out of respect to his memory.-General ou board the No.thumberland man-of-war to the Islands of Quebec Mercury.

Elba and Malta, where he joined the Commissariat Department as

Clerk. He was at the taking of the Islands Martinique aud GuaNo. 29.-COLONEL WILGRESS.

deloupe, and in 1813 was transferred as Sergeant-Major to the Colonel Wilgress was born at Ethan, Kent, 1781 ; entered the Glengary Light Iufantry Fencibles, and served with thein against Royal Artillery in 1797 ; went on foreign service inmediately ; re- the Americans in every engagement during the last war-1812 & 13. turned from the Cape, 1803 ; in 1806 went out to South America, On the Regiment being desembodied in 1816, be was appointed under General Whitelocke, where he served with the celebrated Sir Clerk to the Military settlement at Perth. On the opening of the Alexander Dixon, who remained his friend to the last. He return-Rideau Canal Colonel By appointed him Lock-muster on it, where ed to Englaud to be cured of his wounds ; after which, in 1810, he he remained till his decease—with the exception of the outbreak in returned to the Cape of Good Hope, and there served until 1819. 1837 & 38, when he was appointed Captain and Adjutant of the His health failing, he was employed in Enyland up to 1826, when Queen's Borderers at Brockville. During the whole of his checkhe left the army, and resided 5 years in Edinburgh, where he becaineered life of 83 years, all bu 12 days, of which he spent twenty in interested and actively employed in the religious work of the day, the army, seven in the Quarter-Master General's Department, and particularly in connection with the Military and Naval Bible Society, upwards of thirty-three as Lock-master on the Rideau Canal-he of which he was Secretary : of the Colonial and Continental Church was also Lientenant-Colonel of the Leeds Provincial Militia. Society, attending to its committee meetings, and contributing Smith Falls Review, C. W. largely to its funds. In 1834 he came to Canada, when he was at

Mr. Thomas THOMPSON was an old Peninsular hero. Ho once identified with the varions religious societies, and was one of was a pensioner of the 1st Royals, aved 84 years, at Esquesthe earliest promoters of the French Canadian Missionary Society, ing. “Mr Thompson was a native of the county of Tyrone, Ireland, of which he becaine president, and remained so to his death, presidl, ani enlisted in the Donegal Militia at an early age. He served two ing at the last annual meeting but one. He was the confidential friend of Major Christie, who made him one of the trustees of th afterwards in the 1st Royals. During his military service, he was

years in that regiment, through the Irish rebellion of 1798, and churches he had endowed and built in this country. He was also a warm friend of the poor around hin, for he not only aided them by one hundred skirmishes. He was compelled to serve three months

in four expeditions, twenty general engagements, and upwards of his means, but visited them in their hoines, and during their sick. in French prisons, having been taken prisover. He received five ness read to them, and ministered to their spiritual wants. ---Gazette. wounds, three of which were received at Waterloo. Was at Gen,

eral Moore's retreat, at the battle of Corunna, and at Flushing, No. 30.-REV. MR. SYNNOTT, LOCAL SUPERINTENDENT. which he took. He next went to Portugal, under the Duke of The reverend deceased was a native of the parish of Mooncoin, Spain during the Peninsular war.

Wellington ; his regiment was at the battles fought in Portugal and

He was also at the battles of county Kilkenny, Ireland. Though not old, yet at an age most young men dream but little of the Church in connexion with Almeida, Fuentes D'Onore, Toulouse, Vimeira, Vittoria, Badajos, the sacred ministry, his dreains and the warm feelings of his heart and St. Sebastian, and assisted in driving the French troops into turned towards her. With the advice and under the council of leon I. effected his escape from Elba, he was sent out on the fourth

Paris. Afterwards his regiment was called home, and when Napowise directors, he resolved finally to dedicate his persoa, his services, and his talents to God's holy altar, With this view, he expedition-to fight the ever-memorable battle of Waterloo, where finished an exact course of preliminary studies in Ireland, embra- he received three painful wounds ; one in the temple, one in one of cing humanities, logic, and metaphysics, and in the year 1851, at and he carried them to his grave. He emigrated to Canada in 1831,

his eyes, and a sword-cut on his head. All those were quite visible, the invitation of Mgr. de Charbonnell, theu Bishop of this diocese, and served his country through the disturbances of 1837 and 1838 entered the Seminary of St. Sulpice, Montreal, in order to acquire He settled in the township of Esquesing in 1831, where he resided the theological training that is necessary to fit the young clerical aspirant for the becoming discharge of the sacerdotal functions. until his death, and was highly respected. The reverend deceased was ordained priest in 1854, was attached to DR. THOMAS WEEKS ROBISON, one of our most prominent the Cathedral in the capacity of curate for a few years, and endeared citizens, who died in the 56th year of his age, having been born in himself to all who shared his acquaintance by the kindliness of his Napanee, in 1810. He was elected Mayor in August, 1844, and nature, the urbanity of his manners, and the exact and conscien- served for a year and-a-half. His appointment as Police Magistrate tious discharge of his priestly office. In 1855, Father Synnott was dated as far back as 1847, which office he filled for nearly nineteen promoted to the parish of Orillia, North Simcoe, where almost all years. He was always considered a just and faithful public servant, remained to be done. But in a brief time, under the divine bless-performing the duties of his office without fear, favor, or affection, ing, coupled with his own untiring energy, Father Syunott witnessed more particularly during the troublous period of the late American a complete renovation of his parish. For the last few years M. war, during which his duties were very arduous. -Kingston News. Synnott acted as Local Superintendent of Schools for the Township. -Freeman.

No. 32.—THE REV. JOAN KEBLE, M.A.
No. 31.-RECENT CANADIAN DEATHS.

The Rev. John Keble, author of the “Christian Year,” and COLONEL CRAWFORD was born during the struggle for Ameri- was born in the year 1792, and was consequently 74 years of age

other beautiful religious metrical compositions is dead. Mr. Kelle can Independence, and living in the stirring times of the Irish re- when he died. He obtained high honors at Oxford, and was bellion, and during the tragic events of the first Napoleon, he readily appointed Professor of Poetry. His beautiful Morning and Evenassumed his share of duty incumbent upou every loyal subject. In ing hymys have obtained a place in almost every hymn book, more 1820 he emigrated with his family to this country from the County especially is the evening hymn commencing with the words Down, Ireland. He resided a short time in Lachine, subsequently made his way to Cobourg, and from there in 1830 to Peterborough.

“Sun of my soul. thou Saviour dear, He bought land and settled in the Township of Douro, about seven

It is not night if thou art near." miles above here, where he erected a saw-mill, the first erected in familiar to most of our readers. He was Vicar of Hurley for more the Township. Here he encountered some of the privations and than 30 years, and on the 6th instant was buried in the beautiful trials incident to backwoods life. Some time after he purchased | little church which was built out of the profits of the “Christian

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