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Out of this aggregate the Toronto jail furnished 90 boys and 40 The school report for 1863 (the latest I have seen) states that girls, or nearly a third of the entire nnmber in Canada West. 1,632 children within school age (of whom 1,165 were Protestant

Thus it appears that last year 130 children under sixteen were and 467 Roman Catholic) neither attended school nor were taught prisoners in Toronto jail, a most melancholy fact for the considera- at home. tion not only of the Grand Inquest but of every Christian man in The classes most in want of instruction, and the most dangerous the community.

to society, are always those on whose ear the invitation to come and This picture is further darkened if we turn to the number of be taught falls unheeded. prisoners over 16 and under 20; and we find 84 males and 94 Often filthy and unwholesome in appearance and ragged in clothfemales—in all 178 youths of both sexes at this most impressible ing, they are rarely to be found in the clean and orderly ranks of and perhaps most dangerous period of life. In all, over 300 prison- our schools

. It is quite possible, and perhaps natural, that many ers in one year, under 20 years of age.

respectable parents have but little desire to see these unfortunates A glance at the jail statistics for the past five years gives us no mixed with their own clean and well cared for children. reason to believe that the evil is decreasing. The total number of It is, of course, the interest of all who use the schools to elevate prisoners in each year varies slightly till 1864, when the number their character and efficiency, and it is doubtless an advantage to was lowest, thus :

the community to have all its members thoroughly educated. It Total Prisoners.

Children under 16. may still be a matter of profound regret that year after year is pass1860 2,054

ing away, and a generation of children ripening into crime in our 155

midst, and refusing to avail itself of our noble provision for the free 1861



teaching of all. 1862


104 1863

It is for others to decide how a remedy is to be applied, whether 1,971

129 1864

by legislative action or the voluntary efforts of the ratepayers and 1,595


citizens generally. It is to be earnestly hoped that some attempt For the last four years we find the number of children in our jail may be made to work downward to reach the grade of children, steadily increasing, with but little change in the city population apparently below the influence of our present system, to gather Last year, though the total prisoners were nearly 400 less than in them in their rags and squalor (if necessary), apart from those of 1863, the children prisoners were slightly more numerous. During their own age who shrink from their contact. Those who know the the last five years nearly 600 children, male and female, under 16, poor can testify how they, too, shrink in their filth and tattered have been confined in the Toronto jail. We need hardly ask what clothing from church and school.

It is idle to discuss the soundmay be the probable after-life of those who begin the world under ness of their reasoning on such a subject—it is enough that the feelsuch degrading conditions. We may ask, firstly-Is such a state of ing exists. things without a remedy? Secondly-If there be a remedy have

I am painfully sensible that this is an unpleasing subject to many we sought to apply it ? Toronto has not neglected to provide for ears, but it is one constantly forcing itself on the consideration of a her children the blessings of education. On the contrary, in no judge, who has before him so often the sorrowful spectacle of the city in the world is a better education offered freely to all. We young criminals left alone in their sin and misery, in the midst of a have noble school houses, excellent teachers, and a sound English Christian community. education, at a cost to the ratepayers of many thousands of pounds

No subject more important from its terribly close connection with each year.

the state of crime amongst us, can be suggested for your consideraBut are our street vagrants reduced in number? Is our jail tion. burdened with fewer boy and girl criminals? Is the dangerous

From the figures which I have quoted, it is clear that juvenile class of society reached, the under darkness of vice and ignorance crime is not decreasing in our city. pierced by the light of instruction ? There are few subjects on

I am sure, gentlemen, that you will join me in the earnest hope which men differ more widely than the manner in which this ad. that some moans may be devised to lessen, what all niust admit, to mitted evil can be dealt with.

be a most dangerous symptom in our social state.” Many persons insist that the common school system is not designed to meet, and cannot properly be expected to meet, the case of the vagrant children who will not accept the free education

“Every Christian man and woman in our city must feel the offered.

deepest sorrow at the present life and probable fate of what may be Others argue that compulsory attendance, under a truant or termed the substratum of our juvenile population-the little outvagrant Act is the proper supplement to compulsory taxation.

casts who hang around the post office—the post office lane—and Another class contend that as the law compels them to support those who are daily applicants for charity at our doors. According common schools, they ought to see at least a portion of their rates to the precepts of our Christian faith, for these the Saviour diedexpended in a vigorous attempt to reach and educate the only class notwithstanding their rags and poverty, ,' of such are the kingdom from whose iguorance and destitution they apprehend danger to of Heaven.' Your Lordship has pointed out the fact that during the peace and prosperity of society and they argue strongly that it the last four years the number of children imprisoned under sixteen is a grave thing, even to talk of applying portions of the rates to years of age has been steadily increasing, establishing high schools for boys and girls or to expend our ener

It was mainly with the view of reaching the depraved and dangies in raising the standard of education ; at least so long as vigor-gerous classes of the community that the respectable inhabitants of ous efforts are not made to reach the vagrant classes—by working this city consented to be taxed so largely. It was thought that the downward, as it were, instead of upward--and trying to get hold of common schools being made free, these arabs of the streets would the forlorn little creatures who fill the ragged schools and shoeblack be induced to attend ; but judging by the result of an extended brigades of which we hear so much in the old country cities.

experiment of fifteen years, it would appear that making the schools I have no intention to discuss the soundness of these differing absolutely free has not been entirely successful iu the main object, views. I only desire to invite attention to things as they are and for not only has juvenile crime increased, but we learn from the as they ought not to be.

report of the Local Superintendent for 1864 that the attendance We may feel pleasure in noticing that of late the subject seems to under the free systein has been less in proportion to population than be attracting more attention than formerly, and it seems an evidence it was under the rate-bill system ; for it appears that under the of a more healthy, public opinion that the expression of a doubt as rate-bill system the attendance was as 1 in every 20%, while under to the perfect working of our present system, no longer calls down the free system, it has been only 1 in 23. The attendance is also ungenerous charges against the doubter of being an enemy to the stated to have been more irregular and unreliable under the free cause of free education.

system than it was under the rate-bill. The Superintendent's With the jail statistics of the last few years before us, it is not report for 1865 states the daily absences as 722, or about one-fourth easy to suggest a more fitting topic for the consideration of a city of all on the roll, besides, 150 half day absences. By the same regrand jury than the possibility of extending the healthy influence port the grand jury learn that 5,550 children received some amount of education to the class of children by whom our streets are infested of instruction during the year, yet so irregular and desultory has and our jails burdened.

the attendance been that no less than 756 attending less than As already remarked, no place offers greater educational advan- twenty days, 1,296 from fifty to one hundred days ; in other words, tages than Toronto-a most excellent English education is obtained out of the 5,550 children, no less than 3,157 attended less than one for a mere trifle

hundred days, a period much too little to be of any real utility, The school assessment is two cents in the dollar-say five pence in either for their own good or the good of the public. the pound. An annual value of £25 or £30 will comprehend the

The free system has been very costly to the rate-payers as com. dwellings of perhaps a majority of the ratepayers and of respectable pared with the rate bill system, for it appears from the annual and comfortable citizens, and on such the school rate would be ten School Report for 1864, that the annual average taxation for school or twelve shillings annually, and for this any number of boys and purposes under the rate-bill system, including rent, was only girls can receive an excellent education.

$7,400, to educate about 1,200 children, while under the free


system, during many years, it has not been less than $20,000 where the only thing that strikes him as being amiss is dirty annually, to educate an average attendand of about 2,200, and this windows, he should go back and look at his own. This illustration is exclusive of an additional sum of about $5,000, as interest on is given because all are more prone to observe faults than excellenschool property as rental.

cies. Many will say, “We can't attend to every little matter of If, therefore, the present system has partially failed to reach the detail ourselves ; if we do we fail in something." Certainly you dangerous classes—if the attendance has not only not been increased, will not succeed in everything you undertake or attempt, neither but somewhat diminished--if at the same time it has proved costly, can you, as a reasonable being, expect to do so. The poet has said : and if the burden has fallen chiefly on those who do not avail themselves of the school, it appears to the grand jury that some modifi

I hold it true whate'er betide, cation of the present system should be adopted, which should

I feel it most when sorrows fall;

It's better to have loved and lost, remedy, if possible, its defects, and equalize the burden of taxation.

Than never to have loved at all. In your lordship’s charge, you state that 1,632 children of school age attend no school and receive no instruction at home; and that

Yes, disappointment and failure teach wholesome and salutary 143 juvenile delinquents—taken mainly, we believe, from this lessons. It is good to have met with rebuffs; it is healthy to have number—were confined in the jail during the year.

experienced a disarrangement of our plans in life. He who has The result of these prison statistics and of our school system cannot failed in what he has attempted, will be better enabled to make be separated. With proper cultivation of the mind and attention allowances for the shortcomings and faults of others. His sympato the body, we believe the dawning life of these 143 boys and girls ties and better feelings will oftener prevail and soften the asperities might have been the commencement of a career of usefulness to the of his character, and enable him to make greater allowance for the community and of honour to themselves.

failings of others. We must persevere in trying to do good in Where, then, is the remedy? How are we to extend the hand conveying lessons of order or cleanliness; but we must also know of Christian sympathy to these little ones, and rescue them from where to stop. The following anecdote will elucidate what is meant: the inevitable fate awaiting them?

Bob is a sullen, big, and, perhaps, an evil-disposed boy. He We are strongly of opinion, that to feed and clothe their bodies habitually came to school with dirty shoes. At first, gentle permust accompany any attempt at educating their minds.

suasion was used, and his attention called to those of his classIt is obviously impossibie to extend to them the benefits of our mates. He still came with them dirty. He was next sent home to present school system without attending at the same time to their clean them : occasionally he came back with his shoes a trifle cleaner personal wants. We should respectfully suggest the establish.nent than when sent home; but more frequently his mother sent him on of one or two schools, in which the children of the lowest and de- an errand and back again to school in the afternoon with them still graded could not only be taught free, but where some small amount dirty. Next, threatening was resorted to; that failed. He was of decent clothing and food could be provided when necessary, kept in and a task set ; he was equally callous. Next he received together with the appointment of one or more outside officers, corporal punishment. The very next day his master was sitting at whose business it should be to visit the houses of absentees, ascer- his window, watching the boys in the playground, as it wanted atain the causes of absence, and endeavor to influence the parents to few minutes to nine. Bob was amongst them, leaning with his the performance of their duty. It appears to the grand jury, that back against the school wall, and his feet pushed a little out. in order to accomplish this without additional expense to the city, Every now and then a slight movement of his head was made forand in view of the partial failure of the free school system to reach ward, caused by endeavouring to spit upon his shoes. Out of a the classes whose good was principally contemplated, it would be dozen expectorations, perhaps one would hit the mark, then the spot expedient to place a very small rate per week, or say three cents was as lazily burnished on his trousers. Thus he performed the per pupil, upon the junior divisions of the city school-a somewhat finishing touch to his toilet with teu times more time and trouble, larger rate, say five cents, on the intermediate divisions, and say in his laziness, than he would have taken had he properly polished ten cents on the senior divisions.

them at home. The master gave up Bob's clean boots from that This very small rate would produce a sum of about $5,500 per hour, believing that he was incorrigible, and not worth the necessary annum, quite sufficient to carry these proposed schools for the very expenditure of time and labour, whatever effect his untidy ways poor into successful operation. With the formation of the schools, might have on the others, which it was believed would be the less, and of high schools for the more advanced pupils, our school system as he was unpopular with the school. In such cases as this, teachers would, we believe, be as nearly perfect as it is possible to make it. - must learn when they have failed, and not unnecessarily provoke Canadian Churchman.

wrath and render themselves unpopular at their own expense,

Much may be done in minor matters in school by personal neat

ness. Always remembering that immaculate boots, untouchable III. Lapers on Practical Education. broad-cloth, and a loud style of dress, bespeak a foolish man, and

one who does by his "elegant manners" à vast sight more injury

by example than he can ever do good by precept. That a teacher 1. MINOR POINTS IN SCHOOLS.

should be in his place ready to commence work always a few Careful consideration given to minor points and matters of detail minutes before time, is not a minor point, but one of essential frequently constitutes a good school. For be sure that the teacher, importance. Children knowing well that their teacher is invariably who is painstaking in small things, will not be careless in those of punctual

, cannot have the opportunity of ever saying, "Oh, don't greater import. To have a cleanly-swept floor, a tidy room, windows be in a hurry, master may be behind this morning:

To be ever bright and whole, everything in its place handy for use at any at the proper post in time, whilst constantly reminding children of moment, bespeak a thoughtful teacher, and give sure indication of their duty, is the most effectual way of teaching punctuality and a good school. It is attention to such things that impresses upon amending (if it can be mended at all) irregularity, children their first lessons in habits of thoughtfulness and cleanli- How much better it is for a teacher to continually shew the ness. These minor points do not entail upon teachers any extra children, by his own example, and by his constant reverence in all amount of labour; they entail nothing but a little forethought things, how to behave themselves during their religious exercises, In fact, by seeing after little things, much not only of time but and the proper posture in which they should place themselves, thau temper is saved. A bad school, subject to many derangements and by everlasting precept. By making children kneel and assume a useless expenditure of time, is that where there is not “A place reverential posture during the devotional part of school work, whilst for everything, and everything for its place.” Many precious min- the master himself stands, is but to ensure that they will do as he utes are lost, and many evil habits implanted, in those schools does, when freed from their teacher's control. This seems but a where, as soon as a lesson begins, one lad runs to the proper place thing of trifling moment, but its influence is vast, and, perhaps, (say) for the reading books. He brings a part : “Oh, I saw them never ceasing. A really more useful lesson will have been taught so-and-so,” says one ; "Fetch them,” replies the teacher. They by that teacher who endeavors to make his children copy his devout are brought; the number is still insuficient. Then a child or two is manners, than by him who compels and persuades.-H. E., in sent to look for the rest under the desks and in various cupboards. Papers for the Schoolmaster. Thus the lesson commences after a needless expenditure of half the time and much irritation to the teacher, of which the children soon, perhaps, feel the effects. This is not a picture of every IV. Lapers on Education in Cauada. school, but how many are there where such a proceeding is a daily occurrence ? Be sure that things like this, while they ruffle the teacher's temper, sow the seeds of future indolence and negligence 1. EXPENDITURE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO. in those to whom the schoolmaster has undertaken to give lessons Just before Mr. Brown's resignation, an order in Council was in carefulness and diligence. A sensible person, pondering on the passed. introducing a very important reform into the management failings of others, will learn a lesson, and go to his own school and of Toronto University. Our readers are aware that for some time immediately note what he himself can mend. If he visit a school the expenditure of this institution has exceeded its income, The

managing body of the University frequently protested against the several colleges and bodies named shall, when required by the Councontinuance of this error, and have earnestly desired Government cil, furnish such information as they may require as to the course of action for the purpose of acquiring a reform. Long delays took study and examination to be gone through in order to obtain the place, however, and it was now a cause of congratulation that the cortificate of qualification which they are entitled to grant; and question has been brought to an issue.

“any member or members of the Council, or any person or persons The Bursar's office has hitherto been conducted at an expense en- deputed for this purpose by such Council, may attend and be pretirely disproportioned to the amount of labour done, and the money sent to see that such curriculum is duly pursued, and the examinawhich passes through it. The Bursar has now been entrusted with tion duly held.” Any attempt of a college or school to evade these the entire control and apointment of the clerks under him, and a provisions will be severely dealt with, a clause in the bill providing fixed sum has been given him to defray expenses. The amount is stringent measures for dealing with obstreperous bodies. Every $4,000 a year--a sum quite sufficient for the purpose ; but as the year the Registrar of the Council shall publish a current register of expenditure has hitherto been about nine thousand dollars, the medical practitioners, which shall be prima facie evidence in all saving will be a very important one for the interests of the College. i courts that the persons therein specified are registered according to

The Agricnltural chair of the institution has not been sustained the provisions of the act. Any registered medical practitioner who by the farming community with the zeal which was anticipated when shall have been convicted of felony in any court, will forfeit his it was created. Sometimes only one or two students have been in right to registration. The act also provides that registered practiattendance at the lectures ; and the amount of $1,400 per annum, tioners may sue in open court for "reasonable charges for profeswhich has been hitherto appropriated for the support of the chair

, sional aid,” and the cost of medicine and surgical appliances rendered is disproportioned to the amount of benefit derived from it. The to their patients ; those not registered shall have no such powers. Government were not desirous, however, of abolishing the lecture- Stringent clauses are inserted for persons pretending to be registered ship altogether ; and have contented themselves with ordering a re- when they are not. There are several other clauses of a less imporduction of the salary to $400 per annum.

tant character. - Leader. The Professor of Meteorology, Mr Kingston, has also the charge of the Observatory in the Queen's Park. His lectures secure the attendance of but a very few students ; and, indeed, the chair was

3. TESTIMONIAL TO MR. LOCAL SUPT. SCARLETT. created more with the idea of providing a salary for the head of the A large number of influential friends of education, met in the Observatory than of making the students weather-wise, This in- Town Hall at Castleton, on Saturday November 25th. for the purjustice to the University the Government have remedied by referr- pose of presenting Edward Scarlett, Esq., Local Superintendent of ing the support of Mr. Kingston to the fund devoted to the Obser. Education for the County, with an address for his valuable services vatory-thereby effecting a saving to the College of $680 per annum. in raising the standard of education there. The address was as fol.

It has been for some time felt that the teaching of modern lan- lows :-We, the Teachers and friends of Education in this County, guages in the University might be managed more efficiently and at have great pleasure in presenting to you this purse, containing One loss expense than has been the case. This chair, filled by Professor Hundred Dollars, as a slight token of our personal esteem, aud also Forneri, has been abolished, in consequence, and the Senate has of our appreciation of your labors in the useful calling in which you been empowered to appoint lecturers in French and German, whose have for so many years been engaged. When ten or twelve years support will be afterwards provided for. Professor Forneri receives ago you were appointed to the office which you now bold, the schools two years' salary on his retirement.

of tõis County were in a very backward state. Indeed the Schools The Order of Council also fixes the annual expenditure of the in- were very far below the position in which they are to-day; and stitution at $45,000. When the amount is excecded, a deduction while educational progress throughout this Province has been ex. will be made from the salaries of the Professors. If within five traordinarily rapid, no County, we are confideut, has advanced with years the expenditure falls below the amount fixed, the Professors a steadier pace than that over which you have the honor to preside. will then be repaid what has been deducted. - Toronto Globe. In comparing our County with others, we are more than ever satis.

fied with the bold, novel and judicious proceedings of our Counties

Council, in abolishing the office of Township Superintendent of 2. THE MEDICAL COUNCIL OF UPPER CANADA. schools, at a time when the success of any other system was highly A bill of considerable importance to the present members of the problematical, and in making an appointment, in the person of medical profession passed the Legislature during the last session of yourself, at once so useful to the cause of education and so satisfacParliament. It makes some radical changes. The old Medical tory to all parties who have in view the welfare of our County. Board is entirely swept out of existence. The several schools now While other Counties are following our example, one by one they empowered to grant degrees are not interfered with so far as their are proving the inadequacy of the Township system and the superpowers in this respect are concerned, but the act materially affects iority of the system that appoints one well qualified man to take their relations with the student-class, as will be seen from the fol- charge of the schools of a whole county: It must be gratifying to lowing summary of its contents :-The act is to take effect on the us all to know that the Provincial Association of Teachers, strongly first January next. The new council is to be styled “The General urges from year to year, the necessity of appointing thoroughly edCouncil of Medical Education and Registration in Upper Canada." ucated practical men to act as County Superintendents. In a few It is to consist of one person from each of the following bodies, years more, no doubt, every County in Canada West will have its chosen from time to time in such manner as the several bodies shall Superintendents to aid in making our schools worthy of the position provide :- The University of Toronto, the University of Queen's we hold as a free and enlightened people, thoroughly alive to all the College, the University of Victoria College, the University of Trin- great interests involved in the dissemination of sound learning ity College, the Toronto School of Medicine, and " by every other amongst the masses of our people. The ability to think clearly is a college or body in Upper Canada, by law authorized or hereafter to rare and invaluable attainment; and it has ever been your high and be authorized to grant medical or surgical degrees or certificates of noble aim to inspire our teachers to rise completely above the Textqualification to practise medicine, surgery, or midwifery, or either," book to the full comprehension of the subject in all its principles and of twelve persons to be elected from among the registered prac- and bearings. In part at least through this very means, we are at titioners of Upper Canada. For the purpose of election, the Upper this day enabled to look with justifiable pleasurə and pride on the Province is divided into twelve electoral divisions, each consisting position of many of our schools, in which the power of the young, of two of the electoral divisions established for the election of mem- instead of being dwarfed as is often the case are developed in har. bers of the Legislative Council

. Every medical practitioner regis- mony with the laws of their being. It must be a source of sincere tered under the provisions of the act will be entitled to a vote at the gratification to know that between our Grammar Schools and the election (registration, of course, not being required at the first elec- Common Schools under your charge the greatest harmony prevails, tion), which is to take place by open public meeting in the electoral and that while the former send out many qualified teachers, the division in which he resides. The members of the Council are to be latter repay them by sending them in return well disciplined and chosen for a period of three years. The first election is to take thoroughly prepared pupils. To your friendly' aid, and the deep place at such time as the Attorney-General West may appoint. The interest manifested towards both ourselves and our pupils, we owe officers of the society will be a President, Registrar, and Treasurer. in a great measure the marked success of our Teachers' Association, Any person entitled to be registered under the act, but who shall as well as the smaller oves in the diflerent townships as the larger neglect or omit to be registered, will not be entitled to any of the one for the whole County, We are well aware that you have at rights or privileges conferred by its provisions.

tended them, and aided in their formation often at great inconveniSo much as to the formation of the Council. Now as to its ence and personal sacrifice ; and we trust they are doing a good powers. It is empowered to establish a uniform standard of matri- work for all who engage in them, and that they will be instrumental culation for the admission of students to all the schools, and to make in making us more thorough in the great work of education and inby-laws and regulations for determining the admission and enrolling spiring us with zeal in the discharge of our duties. Nor are teach. the students. It shall also have power to determine from time to ers alone benefitted by these Associations. Their influence extends time a curriculum of studies to be pursued by the students. The to the smallest School Section in the County, and often benefits

them to a degree which it would be difficult to estimate. To the the Chief Superintendent to the Boards of Public Instruction, if enlightened friends of education the action taken by one of the acted upon, would be attended with excellent results. It would “ Boards of Public Instruction” in this County in refusing to grant not only be a safeguard to the interests of our youth, but would Third Class Certificates, except in special cases, must be a source of promote the welfare of qualified teachers. I regard our grammar extreme pleasure. First to move in this direction, that Board has schools as a great link in the chain of our excellent educational given to the Province an example worthy of imitation, and one system. They are really miniature training institutions for our which we hope, before long to see acted upon by many others. But common school teachers. I cannot refrain from alluding to the while we have much to rejoice at we regret exceedingly that the Grammar School in Colborne ; it is an excellent and efficient instiCounties Council has not as yet made the emoluments of your office tution. Its influence over the adjacent townships is unquestionsufficient. A suitable addition to your salary would be no more ac- able, our best teachers in this County having passed through this ceptable to you than pleasing to us. The amount of labor perfomed seminary of learning. by you, as well as the dignity, importance and respectability of your In conclusion, let me thank you for the very deep interest you office, should procure for you an addition to the amount hitherto have taken in my welfare. I trust that my future course in the granted, and we are confident that there is liberality and enlighten- discharge of the duties of my office may continue to be such as to ment enough amongst our Councillors and the people, to procure merit the approval of men whose esteem cannot be measured by for you this desirable object, especially as prosperity has again visited gold. our country. May Providence spare you for many years to preside over the educational destinies of this County, grant you the privilege 4. ENGLISH SCHOOL. COMMISSIONER IN CANADA. of seeing realized your highest ideal, and enable you to persevere in assisting the honest laborious seeker after knowledge, make you in

On the 5th ultimo last we had the pleasure of hearing the Rev. strumental in despelling ignorance and therefore in lessening crime, Mr. Fraser, Assistant Commissioner

' nnder the Royal “Middle and in enlargeing the sphere of human perceptions, and give you Schools Inquiry Commission.” For convenient reference, schools the power of moulding wisely the rising intelligence of this young in England are arranged in three classes. In the first class are inand rapidly developing country. And at last, when reviewing the cluded the great public schools, such as Eton and Westminster, past career, and when about to enter on a higher and holier life, Harrow and Rugby, which, in form as well as degree, are next to may you enjoy the consciousness of having faithfully fulfilled your the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. In the lowest class are important mission, and a pleasare of looking back over a life spent comprehended all the elementary schools in which children are inin the honest and successful attempt to make mankind purer, nobler structed in the rudiments of knowledge, from the A, B, C, to the and more intelligent.

Rule of Three. Between these are the Middle Schools—a class Io reply, Mr. Scarlett said, -I thank you for this substantial to embracing seminaries of every degree of excellence, from those ken of your approbation. Altho' I feel great pleasure in receiving which, both in efficiency and in status, are really little colleges, from you so valuable a gift, 1 experience a still higher pleasure from down to the establishments of which Dickens presented a caricature the knowledge that you appreciate my services, and the pleasing in his well known “Do-the-Boys' Hall.” consciousness of your approbation of the course pursued by me, as

The systems of education and internal government pursned in the expressed through your very flattering address. Public men, in the great first-class schools were recently subjected to a thorough invesfaithful discharge of their duty, require the sympathy of their fellow tigation by a Royal Commission. A similar commission has been men; and iu no office, I presume, is it more needed than in the one appointed to inquire into the general working of the Middle Class which I have the honor to fill. For years I have stood between Schools. To the members of said Commission it appeared that twu opposing parties, the intelligent and the unintelligent, the one additional light might be thrown upon the subject of middle class clamoring for cheap teachers without regard to their standing, the education by inquiries, instituted on the Continent of Europe and other requiring qualified men at any reasonable salary. Without in the United States, if the services of competent commissioners yielding to the one I have endeavonred to meet the demands of the could be secured for such a work. After due deliberation, Mr. other, on all occasions struggling against the downward current of Matthew Arnold, well known in literary circles by his poems and popular prejudice. In the diffusing of knowledge much has been Essays on Criticism, was deputed to the Continent to prosecute the accomplished through the agency of conventions, school lectures necessary inquiries. The Rev. Mr. Fraser, an accomplished scholar, and teachers' improving classes ; but I know of no means attended and a high authority in educational matters, was appointed to diswith such excellent results as our townshlp meetings for the receiv. charge the same duty in the United States. ing of School reports. I have invariably observ.d, in those munici.

This gentleman, having finished his work in the Republic, is now palities whose leading men have taken a lively interest in these engaged in visiting some of the grammar schools of this Province, meetings, that our schools are in a very prosperous and rising condi- previous to his return to England. He will thus be enabled to pretion; nor is this to be wondered at when we consider that here, sent a more full and aceurate report of the general state of education teachers, trustees, and others of influence and experience, untram. in North America. Mr. Fraser expresses himself as having been melled by formalities and unfettered by preconceived designs, meet surprised at the school buildings provided by the municipal authoin friendly conference, and discuss school matters of most grave and rities in American cities. Of some of these the terms “ neat" and vital importance. To attain a high intellectual and moral standing "commodious” do not suffice to convey any accurate idea ; they should be the ambition of a people, the development of whose wealth require to be described as "magnificent." No such school-buildings and resources may yet give them a prominent position among the and furniture are even yet to be found in any part of England. nations of the earth. Is it too much to hope that the Cavadas, Ottawa Citizen. with the Maritime Provinces, may yet attain such a position ? If otherwise, let us trust that it may not be the fault of Canada, 80 far as her institutions of learning can contribute to such a desidera

V. Biographical Sketches. tum. It rests with ourselves to give effect to the excellent educational system of Canada. If we do our duty in this respect, who can reckon the amount of good resulting to the rising youth of our

No. 1.--HON. JAMES MORRIS. country, and to posterity ? Let us then have a class of teachers Mr. Morris was born at Paisley, Scotland, in the year 1798. He worthy of themselves, worthy of our children, worthy of our fine died on Friday evening last, the 29th September, thus having nearly country, and worthy of the high position which we trust she is des- reached the promised three score years and ten." In 1801, his tined to occupy. The aphorism “Shew me the company you keep father emigrated to Canada, having been sixty-three days on the and I will tell your character," may fitly be applied to school teach passage from Greenock to Quebec. For a time he settled in Moners. Shew me the men who have charge of the youth of a country treal, but afterwards came to Elizabethtown, and settled near Brockand I will tell you the national characteristics of that people. ville, where he and other members of the family for many years There is an imperceptible influence, independent of book knowledge, carried on business as general merchants. Mr. Morris, after retir exercised by our teachers over the expanding intellects of children ing from mercantile life, fulfilled the duties of cashier to the branch bright bulbs of promise that may be blasted in the spring-time, or of the Commercial Bank established in Brockville. In Morgan's by a skilful hand matured to beauty, fragrance, and delicious fruit-“Celebrated Canadians,” we find that Mr. Morris received the lat

Children are imitators-living wax ; how true then should ter part of his education at the academy of the late Mr. Nelson, of be their model, how accurate the seal by which they are impressed. Sorel, the father of Dr. Wolfred Nelson of Montreal. On leaving Teachers, you stamp imperishably the impress of your living selves school, Mr. Morris devoted his attention to mercantile pursuits in on our youth. How carefully, then, should you enquire, What Brockville, in connection with his brothers the late Alexander Mormanner of spirit are we of ?". In the words of one who has done ris, of Brockville, Esquire, and the late Honorable William Morris, much to elevate your position, "Respect yourselves if you would of Perth, and latterly of Montreal. He early devoted a portion of have others to respect you." Act as men who have a great work his attention to public matters. In July, 1837, he was returned to to perform. Be strong, morally and intellectually, and your me- the Upper Canadian House of Assembly-as one of the members for mory will live in the great heart of your country. The advice of the county of Leeds, and has ever since continued to be a member


of one or other of the branches of the legislature. In 1838, he was the pastorate of a church in the metropolis. He soon united with appointed a commissioner for the improvement of the navigation of the church at the Tabernacle, Moorfields, (built by Rev. G. Whitethe river St. Lawrence, and served as such until the completion of field,) of which Matthew Wilks was then the minister. After the St. Lawrence canals. In 1841, he was again returned for the receiving a course of private instruction from his pastor, Mr. Hay. county of Leeds to the Parliament of United Canada, the govern- den entered the academy at Hackney, where the Rev. George Colment being then administered by Lord Sydenham. In 1844, he was lison filled at the time the office of theological tutor. In 1835, Mr. called to the Legislative Council, under the administration of Lord Hayden came to Canada by the advice of Drs. Reed and Matheson, Metcalfe. In 1851, Mr. Morris was called to a seat in the Executive and on his arrival, established himself at Cobourg, where the present Council, under the administration of Lord Elgin, and was also ap- chapel was soon built. The townships of Manvers, Clarke, Darpointed postmaster-general, being the first incumbent of that office lington, Keene, Asphodel and Otonabee, and the villages of Brightafter the transfer of the department from imperial control to that on and Pleasant Bay, were travelled over almost every month. of Canada. Immediately upon his appointment he proceeded to Throughout this extensive district the name of "Father Hayden” Washington, and there negociated with the American government became a household word in many a log cabin of the early pioneers. a postal treaty with the United States. He also introduced a After about ten years' residence in Cobourg, he resigned the pastouniform postal letter-rate of five cents, the average rate previously rate of the church in that town and removed to Cold Springs. having been sixteen cents or thereabouts. In 1853, Mr. Morris During the last twenty years of his life, therefore, he did not travel vacated the post-office department, and was appointed speaker of the much, but as long as he was able, and even beyond his power, he Legislative Council, which office he held until the retirement of the delighted to preach the gospel in the little chapel adjoining his own Hincks-Morin administration, in the autumn of 1854. In 1858, he residence. When he could no longer stand to preach the gospel, he was appointed a member of the Executive Council and speaker of spoke from his chair. But finally it became evident even to himself the Legislative Council, on the advent to office of the Brown- that his work was done, and he resigned his pastoral charge on the Dorion administration, and retired with that administration on the 5th of June, 1864. From that time, step by step, he went downgovernor general (Sir Edmund Head) refusing to dissolve the house. wards to the grave. For the last fiiteen months he was confined to When Sand field McDonald formed his government, Mr. Morris was his bed, growing helpless, lamenting much that he could preach no again called on, and filled the office of Receiver General till his more, and towards the end, suffering from the decay of his senses failing health, in 1863, compelled him to resign, and leave public and mental powers. He fell asleep in Jesus, September 6, 1865, in life altogether, very much to the regret of his political friends, and the 77th year of his age, and the 49th of his ministry.-Canadian greatly to the loss of the country generally. Since then M. Morris Independent. has lived in retirement, his graduaily failing health giving evident token that soon the place which knew him now, would know him

No. 5.--GENERAL LAMORICIERE. no inore. At last, in the bosom of his family, and surrounded by his friends, he has "passed the bourne from whence no traveller Foreign files announce the death of General Lamoriciere, well returns,” followed by the love, respect, and esteem of the whole known by his campaigns in Algeria, and later, as Commander-incommunity.-Brockville Recorder.

Chief of the Papal army. Christophe Leon Louis Juchalt de Lam

oriciere was born at Nantes, February 6, 1806, and was descended No. 2.-WILLIAM NOTMAN, ESQ.

from an old legitimist family. After receiving a military educa

tion, he joined the corps of Zouaves in Algeria, at the time of its Mr. Notman, the member for North Wentworth, died on the formation (November, 1830.) He took an active part in most of 19th, at Dundas, after a long and lingering illness. Mr. Notman the brilliant exploits of the French army against the Arabs, and was a prominent member of the Reform party. He has been in the celebrity of the Zouaves for superior organization was chiefly Parliament for a great many years, having represented the United his merit. On the departure of Bugeand, in 1847, he became Counties of Halton and Wentworth during the reign of the Baldwin- Provisional Governor General of Algeria ; but, hoping to exercise Lafontaine government. In 1857, he again entered Parliament, a greater influence upon the destiny of Algeria in the French Parhaving defeated the Hon. Robert Spence, then Postmaster General, liament, he went, in 1846, and became a member of the Chamber and has ever since represented North Wentworth in Parliament of Deputies, which position he retained until 1848. During the Although a man of good abilities, an earnest energetic speaker, and revolution of 1848, he unsuccessfully exerted himself, first, in favor a great favorite with his party, he was doomed to witness from time of forming a new adıninistration under Louis Phillipe, and next in to time greatly inferior men elevated to positions of ministerial favor of a regency of the Duchess of Orleans. He was a prominent responsibility. He was frequently mentioned in connection with member of the Constituent and Legislative Assemblies; was conoffice, especially during the existence of Mr. Sandfield Macdonald's spicuous in June, 1848, in the fight against the insurgents in Paris, government; and at the opening of the present Parliament, was said and officiated as Gen. Cavignac's Minister of War until December, to be a candidate for the speakership. But in every case other men 1848. He was a strenuous and unwavering opponent of Louis were preferred before him, and he died without having received at the Napoleon, and, after the coup d'etat of December 2, 1851, was hands of his party those political appointments which usually fall to arrested, and detained until January 9, 1852. In April, 1860, he the lot of party men of ability. Personally, Mr. Notman was very was appointed, by Pope Pius IX., Commander-in-Chief of the generally esteemed, and his death will be truly felt by a large circle Papal troops. "He hoped to make a head against the army of tho of sympathising friends of both political parties. ---Spectator. King of Italy, and prevent the unification of that country, but he

was defeated by the Italians at Castlefidardo, and his troops of No. 3. JOSEPH CARY, ESQ.

volunteers dispersed. Since then he has lived retired, and not Mr. Joseph Cary, late Deputy Inspector General of Canada, died taken a prominent part in any political movement. recently, at his residence, near Paris, aged 80. He first entered the civil service in 1804, as a clerk in the office of the Surveyor General

No. 6.-A. M. J. J. DUPIN. of Lower Canada. He was appointed Deputy Inspector General in 1841, and held the office till 1855, when, in consideration of his long

The China brings news of the death of Andre Marie Jean Jacservices, he was permitted to retire, with the understanding that he ques Dupin, a well-known politician of France, and ex-President of should be allowed to enjoy his full pay. In 1863, however, he was

the National Assembly. He was born February 1, 1783, bred to dismissed from the service, and deprived of his salary by the Holton- | the bar, defended Marshal Ney in 1815, and has filled a great numDorion government, without the slightest recognition of his services. ber of public trusts. After the revolution of 1830 he was chosen Though he had served his country long and faithfully, he was made President and Speaker of the Assembly, and won considerable fame

At the great exhibition in London, in 1851, one of those victims of that so-called "Retrenchment policy,” which as a presiding officer. deprives the old and useful public servant of a pension in order to he was President of the French Commission of the International reward the political supporter of the hour. Mr. Cary died in retire- Jury. Although not an active participant in the coup d'etat of ment, at an advanced age, but as long as there is a record of the Louis Napoleon, he has ever since been a supporter of the governpublic accounts of Canada, his name will live in connection with the ment of the Emperor, and latterly held important oftices under it. establishment of system and order in the important department of In 1857 he was made Procureur-General of the Court of Cassation, which he was so long the working head.—Quebec Mercury

and at the time of his death was Senator.


No. 7.--MARTIN BOSSANGE. The late Rev. William Hayden was born at Marten, in Kent, The London Reader says that the oldest book-seller in Europe, England, on the 2nd of May, 1789. When about eighteen years of Martin Bossange, died in Paris on the 27th of October, aged ninetyage, he was led to attend an ordination among the dissenters, it nine years. He began business in Paris on the eve of the revolubeing the occasion on which Rev. Arthur Tidman, D.D., now For- tion of 1789, and was the first exporter who established efficient eign Secretary of the London Missionary Society, was set apart to trade intercourse with continental and American houses shipping

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