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Ghost, in some mysterious manner, ally himself with our and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned : very corporeal part, in order that that corporeal part may be for until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not im. purified-in order that all its energies and members may puted when there is no law.” Then he goes on to argue be sanctified to God-and shall that body lie forever in "Nevertheless, death reigned from Adam to Moses, even the ruins of the grave? Will not the Holy Ghost come over them that had not sinned after the similitude of down again, some day or other, to claim his temple-to Adam's transgression.” Its influence, therefore, extends claim that which it enshrined itself in while man was over infants and idiots ; neither infants nor idiots ever sinupon the earth? Why, the very fact that the Holy Ghost ned after the similitude of Adam's transgression; there makes the body of man his temple, is itself a pledge that was no voluntary moral trespass on the part of infants or the body of the believer shall be raised at the last day. idiots; and yet both die, though neither the one nor the
Why, then, should it be thought a thing incredible, other ever sinned “after the similitude of Adam's transthat God should raise the dead ?" "It was not thought "agression.' The argument of the Apostle is this: that thing incredible," by Abraham. He, when on Mount there is no death when there is no transgression-ihat Moriah, having Isaac his son with him, built an altar there is no transgression when there is no law-that there laid the wood in order upon the altar, placed Isaac on the is no law that touches infants and idiots-and that as wood, and bound him on it; he had a knife in his hand, infants and idiots die a physical death, they die for the and there was the fire. Abraham went up the mountain infraction of the law perpetrated by Adam, their first father. to sacrifice-o take away the life of his son ; and not only That is the clear docirine of Scripture. But another docto take away his life, but he went on the top of the moun trine as clear, is—that as in Adam all die, in Christ we tain to burn the dead body after he had taken away his are made alive again; and that what we lost by the first life. Abraham went up to stand by the altar while it was Adam we recover by the second. burning the bones, flesh, and sinews of his son Isaac; and I remark, secondly, that Jesus Christ has giren us a he was to stand by the altar while all the winds of heaven pledge of the resurrection of believers, in the fact of his swept over the summit of the mountain, and carried the own resurrection: He has given us the proof and example ashes of Isaac east, west, north, and south, and scattered of it in his own history. So that passage which we read them all over the four hemispheres of the globe. But he before in the Corinthians, evidently ieaches us : "Christ the had faith enough to enable him to believe, that though that first fruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming" was the case-though the body of Isaac was burned to -"they that are Christ's,"—that is, believers. ashes, and though those ashes were diffused throughout Here I am aware there are two things which ought to be every region of the habitable and uninhabitable parts of embodied. The one is to show the fact of our Saviour's the globe, -he, by his faith, saw arom coming to atom, resurrection; and the other is, to show how that fact is a particle to particle, one part joining another; he stood by proof of the resurrection of his people from the dead. I the altar in faith and hope, and, in fact, saw the conjunc- must be exceedingly brief on each of these. tion of all the fragments of Isaac-the reunion, the re The proofs of our Saviour's resurrection. These are connexion of all the parts that had been severed by the threefold: they are negative, positive, and cumulative. processes of combustion; and, in fact, he saw the atoms Negative. All will allow that Jesus died; infidels allow come floating together at the command of God, and stood that: all will allow that Jesus was buried; infidels allow by the altar and saw the whole body of Isaac complete that: all will allow that his corpse was not in the grave above the altar, and saw life entering into it, and saw Isaac the third day after its crucifixion. "The question then comes, rising above the altar and going into the arms of his where was it? If it had risen out of the grave, it must father, and walking down the hill of Calvary to worship, have been somewhere. Let the high priest produce the as Abraham had said, with the servants that were left at body: let the scribes and pharisees produce the body. If the foot of it. Abraham believed all that: and if he be- they assert that the body of Christ has not risen from the lieved that, "why should it be thought a thing incredible grave, I demand the body of them; let them produce it, that God should raise the dead?”
and then we will know that it has not risen from the grave. It would be interesting if I were here to follow out the But as it was not in the grave, though it had been there, view that is given us in Scripture of the resurrection of and as nobody could find the corpse any where, nobody the body of the believer; but our time and my strength could produce it. The negative evidence is as clear as compel me-that is, the want of both compels me to pass any thing can be, that the body of Christ must have risen over this altogether. I can merely glance at the promise ; out of the grave. and now I pass on to notice,
The positive evidence is, that he was actually seen alive Thirdly, THE CONNEXION BETWEEN THIS MAGNIFI after his death and burial—that he was seen alive by those CENT EVENT AND THE MEDIATION OF THE REDEEMER. — that had been most intimate with him before his crucifixion. "Jesus said, I am the resurrection."
Observe what they say: they don't tell us some specula. I remark here, first, that the resurrection of the believer Lion-they don't give us something problematical ; they tell has been purchased by the merits of Chrisl-that it has us that they saw him—that they touched him-ihat they been procured by the mediation of Christ. I know that handled him--that they thrust their hands into his side, and it is very common for us to say, that death is natural: we into the print of the nails—that some doubted and aftersay, that to die is natural. That is plausible, but not true: wards believed; and all of these were determined to mainit is not natural to die. Our philosophers tell us, that the tain the fact of having seen him alive, at all hazards and death of the body was part of the original plan of God at at all perils. the formation of the body of man-chat it was a part of There are only three ways of accounting for the conduct the original scheme which God entertained when he form of these men: one is, that they were impostors: another ed man; and therefore they say, that death is natural. - is, that they were deluded, though not impostors: you Death was not a part of God's original plan-death was know the other—that they were honest men, and told the not a part of the scheme-death did not enter into the ar truth. rangement. When God made man he made him immor. The first hypothesis is, that they were impostors. That, tal-he made his body immortal; and, in fact, it seems however, is now given up: infidels cannot come to that that man had, in the garden of Eden, the means of effect- now at all; they allow that the thing has not a leg to stand ing the immortality of his body: there was "the tree of upon : it has gone down completely, that the apostles life" that was in the midst of the garden. Death has been were impostors--everything about their history shows they brought in by sin; death is the penalty of the transgres were not impostors. sion of the law of God; death is the curse which has been The second hypothetical explanation of the phenomenon engendered by sin. When man took of the fruit of the is, that they were deluded—that some fallacy was passed forbidden tree, its mortal taste brought death into our upon them—that some trick or other was crammed down world;" and were it not for the mediation of the Lord their throats—that some manœuvre was played off on Jesus Christ, there would be no resurrection to life. What them—and that they were the victims of designing men. does that passage say that we quoted just now? “As in I appeal to those who have read the four Evangelists and Adam all die, so in Christ shall all be made alive." The the Acts of the Apostles, to say, whether or no every word, doctrine teaches us that all men die--that they undergo the every deed, every suffering of the lives of the apostles, death of the body as the consequence of Adam's trans- subsequent to the resurrection of Christ, docs not prove gression.
that they had common sense. And if they had but that, it I know that this is one of the deep things of God, which is impossible that such an imposition could be played off we can but very imperfectly develope; but the doctrine of upon them, as to make them believe that Christ had risen Scripture is exceedingly clear, that the universal death of from the dead, when he had done no such thing. mankind is the consequence of the one transgression of The third conclusion is the honest and the true one. I Adam, his progenitor. “So we are especially taught by the feel that here I carry along with me the sweet concurrence Apostle, in the epistle to the Romans. He says, that' " as of the immense crowd of human intellects that are within by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; 1 the application of the sentiment I am now bringing for.
ward. The only other conclusion is, that they were of terrible and universal bankrupicy, and bound all his honest men, and told the truth. So much for the posi- seed in the ruins of that bankruptcy; but Jesus Christ has tive evidence.
lent himself to the broken and dishonored family, to bring But the evidence is cumulative. The apostle argues, in them back again to their former condition. The first Adam his own irresistible manner, that if Christ is not risen from was at the head of the covenant of works—the second the dead, we are yet in our sins. I know that there are Adam is at the head of the covenant of grace. The first some scores, some hundreds, in this house of God to-nigha, | Adam brought a curse on us--the second Adam has brought whose sins have been forgiven them--that in that sense us unspeakable blessings. they are not yet in their sins : but how has that come I remark, once more, What an encouragement the words about? How has it come about that you are now accept of the text are to the ministers of the Gospel! I cannot ed, and are walking in the sunshine of the countenance of say here what I might, under other circumstances. Suffice the Almighty? It must have come about by God having it to say to that man who wrote to me last night-not subaccepted a satisfaction for your sins-that he has forgiven scribing himself by his name, but by one of the characters them; and in virtue of that satisfaction, you yourselves I have been recently addressing from this desk, “A backbelieving in it, Jesus has forgiven you your sins. The slider" --some man, I dare say within the range of my voice evidence, then, of that satisfaction being accepted, must to-night, whom I know not, wrote me a note, and subscribed have been the resurrection of Christ from the dead : as himself by that appellation. Just let me tell thee, O back, the apostle argues, in the eighth chapter of the epistle to slider, that Jesus is "the resurrection." If thou art dead, the Romang, where he says, “Who is he that condemn- twice dead, plucked up by the roots, Jesus can make thee eth ?” he throws out that triumphant challenge—“Who is alive again. Oh, he says unto us poor ministers, whose he that condemneth? It is Christ that died; yea, rather breath is in our nostrils, who are to-day and gone to-mor. that is rigen again" For the fact of his resurrection row,-he says, “Go into the valley of dry bones; and proves the acceptance of the oblation of his death ; and though the bones be dry, very dry, say unto them, Live, the fact of your being pardoned is a proof that Christ is live! Ah! is Jesus the resurrection of the dead?' Then risen ; for if he were not risen what an universal gloom I go and stand in the valley, and cry, "Live!” The silver would hover over the conscience of every individual ! trumpet of the Gospel has been blown, and great wonders Christ, then, is risen from the dead.
have followed. Louder than the thunder of Sinai has been Then the other thing remaining, is, to state how the the sound of the Gospel that has stirred the bones into fact of the resurrection of Christ from the dead, is a which Jesus has put his vivifying influence: the darkness proof of the resurrection of his people from the dead. of the human mind has been dispelled, the strong holds of
wish I had time to go into this. It is evidence of it in the powers of darkness have been broken up, and the dead many ways. The resurrection of Christ from the dead have come to life again. May God raise the spirituallyproves that he was a true teacher--that he spoke the dead this night! truth, because he foretold his own resurrection. He said, Lastly, What consolation the text affords to those acho “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will build it are mourning over their dead! Ah! we were some of us again." They did destroy that body, and in three days it at the chamber of the mighty dead a few days since, dewas built again. He proves, therefore, that he was a true positing all that was mortal of him concerning whom we teacher: and as he proves he was a true teacher, he proves will now address you. I could then imagine that the also the resurrection of the believing people of God: we bones of the dead lay mouldering on the mouth of the have an evidence of the one in the truth of the other.-So, grave; and as I was taking them up and saying, Shall again, Jesus Christ came to destroy the works of the devil. these dry bones live again ?-will these come forth “new Death is emphatically the devil's work: the devil is said rising from the tomb?" methought I saw written on the to have the power of death ; but Jesus Christ has come to lid of the coffin by the finger of the Son of God, "I WILL destroy the devil's work—to counteract the devil's work RAISE HIM UT AT THE LAST DAY.” Dry your tears, beto undo the damage he has done--to repair the mischief he loved brethren; the dead shall live again. has engendered—ro render innoxious the venom and poison I am truly sorry, on your account, that I have not had he has injected into human nature. And I say-and so the so much management of myself as to prevent me dilating Bible says, and so the fairest consideration of the matter this sermon to such an unusual and frightful disproportion, says-that if Jesus leaves the bodies of his people in the on an occasion of such interesting solemnity, I will now, grave forever-if he does not ransom them, and prove the my hearers, tell you of him of whose death I cannot speak death of death,-then the devil's work is not counterworked. as I would. Bus, blessed be God, Jesus Christ has not undertaken to do With the nation at large we have been called on to that which he cannot accomplish; and having come to lament a very afflictive public bereavment, in the death of destroy the works of the devil, he will enter into the grave, that great man and able minister, Dr. ADAM CLARKE, -a empty its caverna, call up his people, unlock the prison- venerable and beloved servant of the Lord Jesus Christ, house, bring out the dead to life and light and liberty; and endeared to us by the valuable labors that crowded his then shall come the jubilee of the resurrection—"Hallelu- public life, and further endeared to us all by the many virjah! Hallelujah! Death is swallowed up in victory!” The tues that adorned his private life-a life extended to threeresurrection of Christ, then, is the example and the proof score and ten years, that it might prove a blessing of the of the resurrection of his people.
very first order to the past and present generations, and I find I am going into the matter at much greater even, by its remote and posthumous influence, stretch length than I intended, or ought to have done. There are 10 generations yet unborn. Our venerable friend, whose some inferential remarks with which I think I ought to capacious energies had been directed to the welfare of close the sermon part of this exercise.
mankind, has fallen asleep: he rests from his mighty The first inference is, What an awful curse is sin! Oh, and beneficent labors, and his works follow him. But it has made this land a land of graves! Oh, it has made we may well mourn his departure from among us ; this planet of ours "the valley of the shadow of death!" for the inscrutable event has overtaken us at a time when Oh, it has broken in pieces families! Oh, it has torn asun we looked not for it—when all our churches and people der the tenderest relations! Oh, it has snapt the connexion were looking with eager anticipation to the favour of between the church and its ministers! Oh, sin, sin! what his visils and services during the coming year-when it hast thou done! and oh, sinner, what art thou doing? seemed certain to all, that much benefit to the Connexion Thou art drinking ein as the ox drinketh up water-living at large, and to the interests of our common Christianity, in sin and wallowing in it. May God convince thee of was about to ensue—when he had actually come from sin !--Then, secondly, What a blessing is Christ Jesus to his own house into town to commence another year's a lost world! Are we blind? He is the light of the ministry amongst us, and a large congregation had asworld.--Are we afar off ? He brings us nigh.-Are we sembled to hear him--when his name was published from wandering sheep? He is the Good Shepherd who leaves the pulpits of the city, announcing him to preach on the ninety and nine and goes after the stray sheep into the this very day in one of them-when all was on the wildernese. Are we guilty? He procures us pardon. tip-toe of expectation-when his own mind had been Are we polluted ? He opens to 118 a fountain for sin and pretty free from painful occurrences, that I know, during for uncleannesz. Are we miserable ? He makes us happy. ihe past twelve months, had clouded the last year of Are we dead? He is "the resurrection and the life." What his invaluable life, when all eyes and all hearts were a blessing is Christ Jesus! the greatest blessing, the best turned towards him with a quickened impulse and enlarged blessing that God has bestowed on man!
desires. In these circumstances, how suddenly-in a moThen, thirdly, What a difference there is between the ment-were our hopes blasted with the withering intellifirst and the second Adam! The first Adam ruined ug-the gence, that Dr. CLARKE was ill-dying-dead-buried ! second Adam restores us. The first Adam cast the ship Solemn is the lesson imparted to us by the Supreme Ruler, upon the rock-the second Adam gets us off again, sets us in whose hand is the soul of every living thing and the alloaand guides us into a secure haven. The first Adam breath of all mankind! Let us remember, that our times, traded with the capital of all his family,
committed an act | all
that the number of our months is with him—that when he must come over to England, go to Kingswood school, the decree shall come forth, nothing shall be able to ward and see if there was anything he could learn; after that, off the stroke of death, or to protract our existence a single Mr. Wesley would tell him what further was to be done.
Mr. Clarke left his parents, and landing at Liverpool, The loss we have sustained is, indeed, unspeakable. It proceeded immediately to Bristol, and safely arrived at has created a void in our community and a chasm in our Kingswood school. Owing to some error or neglect, the attachments which we can never hope to get supplied. master was not duly apprised of his coming, and his reHe was not one of those ordinary men who may disappear ception was anything but cordial and agreeable. It was from the stage of life without being missed or regretted winter, and he was sent into a room to study alone, and beyond the circle of their private acquaintance, and whose without fire. Looking out of the window one day, he saw place may be well filled up from among the circle which some men digging up the soil in the garden: and being they leave behind them. It is not enough even to say, that much annoyed by the cold, he went down to try to warm he belonged to that more limited class whose abilities and himself by breaking the clods after the men. While thus education and influence have raised them above their employed he found half a guinea. He took it to Mr. brethren, and given them a superiority which few, com- Bailey, the head master-afterwards Dr. Bailey, of the paratively, can ever expect to reach. He towered above Old Church at Manchester. One of the masters owned it, us all in peerless and isolated grandeur, and held a station and after some time, this master came to Mr. Clarke with to which the most accomplished of us felt ourselves con the half-guinea, saying, he had lost half a guinea and that strained to look up with reverence. He stood forth from that might be his; but whether it was or not, he was deamong his contemporaries pre-eminent in strength of per- termined not to retain it; "for," said he, “I have been sonal faculties and also of public character; and in his sway quite miserable ever since I received it.”.
As no one of intellectual power and greatness, he was like Saul would own the money, Mr. Clarke was obliged to retain among the men of Israel-head and shoulders higher than it; and, perhaps, never half guinea did so much good as any of them all. His intellectual and moral worth won that half guinea; for I heard him say, myself, that with for him the respect and honour and reverence, which all that half guinea he bought a few coals to warm himself men conceded to him. He occupied a place which nothing with, and a few books, and those books oriental books ; else could have enabled him to have acquired and after and that those few oriental books laid the foundation of wards maintain to his dying day. And we may affirm, his being all that he ever was as an oriental scholar. that among those that can discern the things that differ He wrote by and by to Mr. Wesley, to say that there who know how to appreciate intellectual vigour, moral was nothing taught in the school which he did not know, worth, honest independence, real learning, practical use and therefore wished to be informed what next was to be fulness, disinterested generosity, and inflexible integrity, - done. Mr. Wesley came to the school-had an interview there never was a man more highly and sincerely honoured with him--asked him certain questions--examined him while he lived, or more deeply and deservedly lamented concerning his experience, his views of scriptural doctrine, when he died.
and then put the question, Whether or not he would become To give any suitable delineation of him is a task to which a minister in the Methodist Connexion ? He paused, and I feel and confess my inadequacy. I knew him, and knew then answered—If Mr. Wesley thought him worthy he him well, and was privileged with his friendship. Some was willing. Mr. Wesley paused; his countenance asyears ago, when my local nearness to his own residence sumed an unusual heavenly placidity and radiance, there allowed it, I enjoyed much personal intercourse with him. was solemn silence for some time between them; and at My very knowledge of him satisfies me I cannot do justice length Mr. Wesley rose from his seal, moved forward to to his memory; I cannot speak of him as he ought to be Adam Clarke, and invoked upon him the blessing of spoken of; I cannot speak of him as you will justly ex- Almighty God, that he would make him a successful pect; I cannot speak of him as my heart would fondly minister of the New Testament. wish; I cannot speak of him as others who have I will He was then sent into Cornwall as an itinerant minis. not say, loved him more, but who have known him more, and the intelligent people there welcomed this youthand who have powers more equal to the subject, will speak ful evangelist, highly valued and greatly profited under of him. This inability I regret the less, as his character, his ministry, and predicted some of his subsequent emiin all its aspects, was familiar to your minds. You knew nence; and to this day, his name in that county is held him well-you loved him dearly-you venerated him absolutely sacred : and as I had opportunity-when in the highly: hundreds of you, under God, owe much to his spring I was on a tour through that part of the countryministry; it has been unto you “a savor of life unto life." of witnessing, I found that everywhere his name was as Many of you recognized him as your spiritual father ; you ointment poured forth. At Launceston, which was one of were converted under his zealous, faithful preaching the places he preached at, a persecutor of gigantic stature Many of your fathers and mothers he has visited in their and rage, determined to take away the life of this zealous sickness and attended on their dying beds. I hardly need evangelist; and for this purpose filled his pockets with to tell you this night his character: it had, indeed, a length large stones, that he might, as he expressed it, "dash out and breadth which made it obvious to all mankind; it had the brains" of the preacher. On arriving at the place with nothing hidden or equivocal about it; it was all wide, open, this awful intent, he found Mr. Clarke in his sermon, and candid, and majestical. There was a magnanimity, a he thought that, before he executed his purpose he would strength, a fulness, a freshness, an originality about his listen to a few words that the preacher was saying. He modes of thinking and acting, which were as eminent to listened, and listened, and whilst listening, suddenly fell the eye of observation as the lineaments of his face. down as if he had been shot. He was convinced by the
Dr. CLARKE, as you have learned from the public papers, word, judged of all, and acknowledged that God was with was born in Ireland, but his parents were natives of Great the preacher. Mr. Clarke's life was saved, and the man's Britain-his father being, I believe, an Englishman, and soul was saved! Glory be to God most high! his mother a Scotchwoman: I don't wonder that the whole On his removal from that scene of toil, he was sent to of the three kingdoms claim him as their own.
In a ser
the Norman isles of Guernsey and Jersey, and here he mon which he preached in Derby, two or three years ago, was truly and eminently a missionary. When about from the words—"I am the light of the world: he that these islands he had much persecution; but he carried on followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have his labors among those people, and was the means of the the light of life," --he observed, that before he heard the revival of religion at Guernsey; such prosperity crowning Methodist preachers, Adam Clarke was as stupid a lad as his labors, that a considerable society and a large congrewas any in the place: than, nevertheless, he was charac- gation were raised by his influence, and a large chapel built, terized by an insatiable thirst for learning; and that after for which they were soon out of debt. The treatment hé the light of the Gospel shone upon his mind, Adam Clarke received here was most severe and violent, especially at could learn anything. It seems that he was brought to St. Olives, where the house was frequently surrounded God under the ministry of a methodist preacher of the by a furious mob, and in one of their attacks it was name of Brecdon. He became the subject of a sound, nearly pulled to pieces. To himself the most violent thorough, scriptural conversion; how genuine and radical indignities were offered, which even endangered his life. was that change, a life of uniform, practical, growing But the island was too strait for him, and he longed for a piety, covering over the space of more than half a century, wider field in which to put forth the might of his energies, is the delightful and triumphant witness. He soon after- and to expatiate in all the fulness of his benevolence. wards was called of God to preach the gospel. This he In addition to this craving after a more suitable and exrevealed to his parents, having been brought under the tensive sphere of action, he had considerable doubts as to notice of Mr. Wesley, by letter from Mr. Breedon, who the fairness of the manner in which his appointment had saw that he was no common individual. His parents been brought about. This is quite apparent, and put were strenuously, and for a considerable period, opposed beyond all doubt by his letter to Mr. King, one of the 10 his convictions and wishes: but in this distressing per- preachers with whom he had travelled on the Plymouth ploxity, he recoived an intimation from Mr. Weslay, that I éircuit, with whom he formed a most affectionate' friend
ship and maintained a close correspondence for many likely to be done by his still preaching too loud or too long. years afterwards. Mr. Clarke disclosed his views to Mr. It is a sure way of cutting his own throat. Whenever king, in the following letter-a letter for which I am you write, warn him of this; it may be he will take advice obliged to the kindness of Mr. Toase, who is nephew to before it be too late. He may have work enough to do if this same Mr. King, and has the whole of Mr. Clarke's he adds the isle of Alderney to those of Guernsey and letters which were written in this early period of his life Jersey. If you have a desire to go and be with him, you to his attached friend. This is the very letter which was may, up to the conference. At that time I expect they will written by Mr. Clarke, and is dated "Guernsey, Feb. 22, have both work and food for another laborer. 1787.” After some introductory remarks, from which it Now here is a part of Mr. Clarke's letter to Mr. King, should seem that Mr. Clarke had given an invitation to in reference to this communication of Mr. Wesley. This Mr. King to come over to Guernsey, and that an intima- small scrap contains both Mr. Clarke's and Mr. Wesley's tion had been given that he would visit the island, letter; for Mr. Wesley's letter got into the hands of Mr. Mr. Clarke goes on—"Your first letter, I acknowledge, Clarke ; and as Mr. Clarke was then going to sail for the buoyed me up with the hope of seeing you. With affec- island, and had reason to suppose that the letter for Mr. tion I have frequently mentioned it to our friends, who King referred to himself,—he having a particular intimacy were taught to expect what I promised them as a blessing; with Mr. King, -opened the letter, and found what Mr. but to my surprise, and perhaps their and my loss, we are Wesley said here. " It seems from the contents, that you all disappointed. To donmus tou Kuprou govogow!*—There have been saying something to Mr. Wesley on my affairs, is still a friend that sticketh closer than the most affec- which I did not desire. However it is an evidence of tionate brother. Glory be to his name, He is at present your sincere friendship. May the kind Lord give me what the portion of my soul, and in my many trials, the lifter up í possess not, and increase in me that which, in a meaof mine hread. Through eternity I trust to praise him for sure, already exists! I find Mr. Wesley is willing you what he has done for me, for whose unworthiness the should come to the island, if you please. Were I to stay widest extremes can have no parallel : on me salvation here your presence would be a pleasure to my soul and must shine with peculiar lustre.-On a review of your body; but should my kind brother suffer in consequence epistle, I can find many intentional, but very well ex of his affection for me, I know not what to say. If I stay, pressed ironia. For instance-you say you have much I pray God to send Mr. King to labour with me, if it be work to do, and many other letters to write, which must not injurious to his welfare ; but otherwise I cannot take up much time. I have much work to do too, which, desire it.” accompanied with frequent afflictions and temptations, Well, since Guernsey and Jersey were too small a cirhave caused my body to acknowledge its weakness by cuit for this young man, he proceeded to make the annexasinking under it. Yet I could do more were I in a tion of the isle of Alderney. It is a little curious, that moreenlarged sphere. As to my writing, it has generally last evening, about this time, I received the letter I 'referbeen a curse to me; but my conscience acquits me of a red to, written by “A backslider;" and while I was single desire to write one letter, or hold any correspond- actually upon the very part about the doctor going to Alence with any person, which is not necessary or for the derney, a letter came to my house from a person giving me glory of God. Yes, I find that in this, as in every other a history of his introduction into Alderney. Here it is : respect, it is full time to have done with all trifling. Oh, “Permit the writer to say, that he has been acquainted may Jesus more deeply teach me to do all I do to the with the Old Arminian Methodist church for forty-eight glory of God!”–Now, here there is an ellipsis : he must years ; wherefore he remembers the late most excellent be referring now to the contents of a letter from Mr. King and truly devout man of God, Adam Clarke, in early life. on the subject of the unfairness or the fairness of his And give me leave to observe, that a few years after he appointment by the Conference to Guernsey. It may be became a preacher, he was appointed for Jersey and 80, my brother ; but still I am induced to scruple my Guernsey. "While Mr. Clarke was at Jersey, it was imappointment as the immediate result of the Divine coun- pressed on his mind to visit Alderney; but this place sels. Had Mr. Wesley appointed me, it is probable ! being at this time peopled by outlaws, no mariner could should have had little doubt concerning the maiter : but I be found who would trust this virtuous young apostle to have been credibly informed by Mr. Day, that Mr. Wes- the mercy of such miscreants. Mr. Clarke, being under ley had no hand in the affair. But I bless God I neither the influence and direction of the Holy Ghost, determined murmur nor repine-yea, what is more, am far from de on paying them a visit. He got a passage in a smuggler's siring to leave it ; I am heartily willing to stay, whatever boat, from which he was landed safely on the isle of Alderprivileges I am obliged to relinquish, as long as God sees ney; but knowing no one on the island, he for some time meet to detain me. Glory be to thee, O Lord most high! roamed about, with a heart truly devoted to the work in That he has blessed and is blessing my labor, is a truth which he was embarked. At last, placing his eye on a for which I can never be sufficiently grateful : yet still little cottage, he ventured to enter it with the promise of this is no proof that he would not have prospered me his Master, Christ Jesus the Lord, 'Peace be to this more abundantly in a situation where I should have had house! ten times the ground to sow the seed of life in. But this Well, Mr. Clarke, in writing to Mr. Wesley, observes shall work eventually for my good. And never did I so that the same little house was inhabited by an aged man comprehend what is implied in watching over souls, as I and woman, the latter of whom understood his mission, do now. Before, having two or three preachers always and, like the Shunamite
, perceiving that he was a man of with me, we all shared the labor and concern; I had less God, showed him to an "upper room on the wall, where burdens to bear; but here, I may truly say, I stand alone; there was a bed, a table, a stool, and a candlestick.” Here every load falls on my shoulder, very incapable of bearing Mr. Clarke, the good man, and his wife, spent a short it; and my feelings are so increased, and my concern so time in prayer, when he prevailed on them to publish that deepened to get eternal souls brought to and kept with it was his intention to preach. Around him they gathered, Jesus, that any backsliding among the people is a sword and he truly unfolded the gospel of our Lord and Saviour to my soul, and gives me some of the most poignant sen Jesus Christ; when many, being convinced of sin, were sations." He then goes on to say, "My language is inca- constrained to cry out for mercy; and many, gratified pable of describing facts as they are, and I must cease. with the doctrine delivered, cleared out a large store-room, Here I stand-God help me! My brother, rush into every where he delivered to them his second sermon. On leavplace; there call-call immortal perishing souls back ing the island, he was followed by the people, entreating to God! How should my soul triumph to have such him to stay with them, or shortly to return, or send one towns here to introduce the gospel in, as are vacant in like himself; for they needed such preaching. Further, your circuit! I now see, more than I did, how I am Mr. Clarke adds, in his letter to Mr. Wesley, that there etraitened; and being so circumscribed, my soul earnestly was no minister on the island but an old French Roman desires to be more useful.” There you see the man and Catholic priest, who cared nothing for the souls of the the workings of his mind. It seems that his friend, Mr. people ; and here, in early life, Mr. Clarke was made the King, so far sympathized with him as to write to Mr. sole instrument of establishing a society in that place, Wesley, and state the views of Mr. Clarke ; and I hold in which hell and death have never yet been able to prevail my hand the letter which was written by Mr. Wesley to against. God be thanked, and of his infinite mercy grant, Mr. King on this very subject. Here is the letter written that the death of this eminent man may be the occasion of by Mr. Wesley, from Ireland, to Mr. King; and you will the resurrection of the soul of the man who wrote me see what Mr. Wesley's opinion of Adam Clarke was, that letter! almost fifty years ago. Athlone, April 21, 1787. My It seems that his preaching extempore was considered, dear brother, ---Adam Clarke is doubtless an extraordinary in the island, as a phenomenon; and on one occasion the young man, and capable of doing much good; therefore governor heard him on the stairs, and at the conclusion of Satan will shorten his course if possible, and this is very the service, politely requested him to allow him to see his
Bible-fully expecting to find his sermon enclosed in it. • " The will of the Lord bo dona."
He found it a simple Bible, without note or comment; and
returning it to the preacher, expressed his pleasure at never pretended to refinement, though he was eminently having heard the discourse.
affable and polite, and disclosed by his manner the effect I hold in my hand a copy of an extract from one of his of that intercourse which he, more than any other man who letters to Mr. King, from Guernsey. He says, "Here I ever bore the appellation of Methodist, actually had with am determined, by the grace of God, to conquer and die; what is usually called good society and exalted rank: all and have taken ihe subsequent for a molto, and have it who approached him felt the indefinable but irresistible placed before me on the mantel-piece.” It is a Greek sen fascination which such intercourse never fails to produce tence, the meaning of which is, “Stand thou as a beaten on a nature like his. anvil to the stroke; for it is the property of a good warrior The excellencies of his sentiments were not drawn from to be flayed alive and yet to conquer.” That was the exterior embellishments, their character not needing the motto of Dr. Clarke's life.
aid of foreign ornament, but were, "when unadorned, Having fulfilled his mission, he was removed : and now adorned the most." From his extended and unbounded the scene widened before him, and the whole length and acquaintance with the religious world, and from his access breadth of England and Ireland laid at his feet. As it is to every walk of life, his information was universal. As impossible I can continue this narrative, I shall merely say his discourse combined the agreeable with the edifying, he that God gave him, henceforth, his heart's desire. He had was listened to with delight. He was the very reverse of now a noble and spacious theatre of action for the play of moroseness, as every body knows; his heart was the region his faculties; and it must now be pleasing to observe, that of cheerfulness, and on his tongue was the law of kindness. all the way from the Norman Isles in ihe south to the Warm in his friendships, none could surpass bim in symShetlands in the extreme north, he has diffused the savor pathy for his afflicted people and suffering friends, or his of the knowledge of Christ; and all along-from one ex- possession of sentiments of participation in their joys. In tremity of the British islands to the other, taking Britain fine--the spirit, influence and virtues of Christianity uniitself as a centre—he has left a track of light and glory formly diffused over his character a serene splendorbehind him. In what great division of the country has he adorned and imbued his whole behaviour. His fine intellectnot been ? and where has he been and has not left the print ual and commanding mien, together with the natural and of his feet, a memorial of his genuine piety, and acknow- easy manner, that seemed to pervade him like an almosledgment of his sterling worth, the sweet odour of his phere, were particularly prepossessing and delightful; and name? The whole land is mourning for him : this day his perhaps it was impossible for any person, however uninname has been on myriads of lips since this morning's sun fluenced by religion, to experience disgust or to feel uneasy appeared above the horizon. What portion of the people in his company; for the heart that did not vibrate to his, is there not sighing to think that he is no more-that the felt constrained to pay homage to his superior greatness wind has passed over him and he is gone? Oh, my heart and unaffected goodness. is sad! I will not-I must not-I dare not utter all that I But you expect me to speak of him as a preacher. On feel. Oh, thou great and gracious God, teach us to bow this I am aware some will differ from me. I consider him meekly before thee, and to profit greatly by this most to have been pre-eminently great, and that he occupied a stunning blow of thine hand !
field of religious eloquence altogether and exclusively his Whai did I say?-that Great Britain and Ireland formed own. The whole kingdom hias acknowledged the sway of the theatre of his usefulness? It was a great mistake: all his master mind as a teacher of the people. The truths of over the United States of America he is read, and studied, revelation received a coloring and flew forth from his and felt
, and all but seen and heard by the germinating skilful hands with an energy that secured the attention, mind of that new and teeming hemisphere. No wonder admiration, and reverence, of myriads, and the actual recepthat its chief men should send an invitation to him to come tion and personal belief of thousands. He took up the and see their shores, as the last“ Christian Advocate” so precious ore as it lay in its original bed; and by such a beautifully lells us,--that he may go and tread their shores, disposition of its several parts, and such a powerful handand visit iheir pulpits, and bless their youth, and lift up his ling of it, as a whole, compelled myriuds io acknowledge honoured head among their rising schools and colleges; its heavenly worth and origin, and to sink, and flinch, and and by showing them Adam CLARKE, let them see what a quiver, under its searching power. His manner of preachthinking head, and a diligent hand, a gracious heart can ing was, beyond all comparison, authoritative and forceful; bring forth, under the divine blessing. °But what a shock and no one could listen to him without being assured that is now vibrating towards that land! How will they he was as certain of the truth of what he was enforcing as grieve-not that they shall see him no more, but that they of his own existence. He spoke in the fulness of his shall never see him at all! In Germany, as I was told by heart, and delivered, with the earnestness of a messenger a learned friend and a great traveller, who was present at of God, that which he had received from the Lord Jesus his funeral, he will be lamented as much as in ihis coun Christ. try—that he is beyond measure respected and revered there, There was, in his preaching, not only intellectual perhis works having revealed and praised him in their gates. ception, but also the power of moral suasion; and his When I think on these things when I look back on the hearers were made sensible of it; they felt that he and his course he has thus so long and so splendidly pursued subject were one-that his being was possessed of it--and when I reflect on the rectitude and gentleness of his doings, that it was twined and intertwined, laced and interlaced, as a ruler in our Israel—when I call to mind that his single with the very essence of his nature—that they might cut object was to advance the power of religion in every part off his right arm, but that nothing could separate bim and of the land, and to render Methodism its chief blessing, his faith. It was this air of authority in which his message safeguard and glory-when I call to mind his unparalleled was steeped, that made it altogether his own, and perfectly pleadings for the thousand charities among us-when I unique. 'He demonstrated and expounded, perhaps, as know that he drew over to our society individuals of sta much as any uninspired man ever did, how the truth was tion and exalted character, that the fame of no other than as it was, and that it could not but be so. He conveyed the his name could attract-when I remember that he had set knowledge of it and commended the testimony of it to his heart on the conversion of all men, and how dear that every man's conscience; and with his mighty galvanic object was to his benevolent mind, and how vigorously, battery of logical argumentation, stormed the citadel of and steadfastly, and triumphantly he worked for its accom many a proud and lofty spirit, and gained a lodgment for plishment-when I think how wise, and good, and great the heavenly message. He made the truth flash forth its he was—and then, when I bethink myself of the melan own evidence; so that you saw its coruscations and felt its choly fact
, that he has been taken away, hurried away out weight. This gave his addresses the momentum, the peneof the land of the living, and that we shall see his face no tration and the force which it is difficult to describe to one more, behold his form, and hear and profit by his discourse who never heard him, and impossible to conceive. no more, I am amazed and very heavy. When I remem But, after all, I think it will be adınilled, that the great ber those words that he ultered in the last Conference on and prominent characteristic of his preaching, was the the first day,—"I am the father of the Conference, and you high degree of unction that generally pervaded it; hence cannot help yourselves," --words which are now ringing it was that a sermon of Dr. Clarke's was universally in my ears and thrilling through my heart-how can I be looked forward to, by the people, as a feast-a spiritual lieve that he is gone? And yel, gone, gone, gone from us banquet-as food into which, as into that of Elijah, on one he is! and I can only exclaim, as Elisha did, when, with occasion, a heavenly seasoning was transfused, so that the Borrow and surprise, he saw Elijah carried from him into receiver could go on in the strength of the meal for many heaven, “My father, my father, the chariot of Israel and days. It was this that made the word of the Lord so the horsemen thereof!"-But I must go on.
precious. From his lips the gospel came, not distinguished In his conduct amongst men he was remarkably plain by its authority alone, but also by its fragrance. In fact, to and manly-natural, simple, honest, ingenuous, and unaf-hear the doctor was regarded by multitudes of sensible pious fected. His conversation was pleasing and lovely, not people, as the greatest treat of their lives. Some years since, learned, except when circumstances so combined as to when coming from the pulpit stairs, after preaching before render it a duty to give it that particular character. He I the Conference, the subject having been the account of