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hand breadth, round about, and thou shalt make a 33 Three bowls made like unto almonds, with golden crown to the border thereof, round about a knop and a flower in one branch; and three

26 And thou shalt make for it four rings of bowls made like almonds in the other branch, gold, and put the rings in the four corners, that with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches are on the four feet ihereof.

that come out of the candlestick. 27 Over against the border, shall the rings be 34 And in the candlestick shall be four bowls, for places of the etaves, to bear the table. made like unto almonds, with their knops and

28 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim their flowers. wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table 35 And there shall be a knop under two may be borne with them.

branches of the same, and a knop under two 29 And thou shalt make i the dishes thereof, branches of the same, and a knop under two and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and branches of the samé, according to the six bowls thereof, a to cover withal: of pure gold branches, that proceed out of the candleshalt thou make them.

stick. 30 And thou shalt set upon the table " show 36 Their knops and their branches shall be of bread before me alway.

the same: all of it shall be one beaten work of 31 1 And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold. pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick 37 And thou shalt make the seven lamps therebe made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, of: and " they shall light the lamps thereof, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same that they may ” give light over against it.

32 And six branches shall come out of the sides 38 And the tongs thereof, and the snuff-dishes of it; three branches of the candlestick, out of thereof shall be of pure gold. the one side, and three branches of the candle 39 Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, stick, out of the other side:

with all these vessels.

I Ch. 37. 16. Nurnb. 4. 7.-k Or, to pour out withal - Lev. 21. 5,6.-m Ch. 37. 17.

1 Kings 1. 49. Zeeb. 1. 2. Hebr. 9. 2 Rev. 1. 12. & 4. 5.

n Ch. 27. 31. & 30. 8. Rev. 21. 3, 4. 2 Chron. 13. 11.- Or, cause to ascend.

p Numb. 8.2.- Heb. De face of its

be eaten or consumed by himself, in an extraordinary man- all, ver. 37. These seven lamps were lighted every evenner."-See on ver. 22.

ing, and extinguished every morning. Verse 29. The dishes thereof] wayp keârotaiv, pro We are not so certain of the precise form of any instrubably the deep bowls in which they kneaded the mass, out ment or utensil of the tabernacle or temple, as we are of of which they made the shor-bread.

this, the golden table and the two silver trumpets. The spoons thereof) unos capotaid, probably censers, Titus, after the overthrow of Jerusalem, A. D. 70, had on which they put the incense; as seems pretty evident the golden candlestick and the golden table of the showfrom Numb. vii. 14, 20, 26, 32, 38, 44, 50, 56, 62, 63, 74, bread, the silver trumpets, and the book of the Law, taken 80, 86. where the same word is used; and the instrument, out of the temple, and carried in triumph Rome; and whatever it was, is always represented as being filled with Vespasian lodged them in the temple which he had conseincense.

crated to the goddess of Peace! Some plants also of the Covers thereof) riep keshutaio, supposed to be a balm of Jericho, are said to have been carried in the prolarge cup, or tankard, in which pure wine was kept on cession. At the foot of mount Palatine there are the ruins the table along with the show-bread, fur libations, which of an arch, on which the triumph of Titus for his conquest were poured out before the Lord every sabbath, when the of the Jews, is represented; and on which the several old bread was removed, and the new bread laid on the table. monuments, which were carried in the procession, are

Bowls thereof) unipo menakiyotaiv, from apa nakah, sculptured, and particularly the golden candlcstick, the to clear away, remove, empty, &c. supposed, by Calmet, | table of the show-bread, and the two silver trumpets. A to mean either the sieves by which the Levites cleansed the correct MODEL of this arch, taken on the spot, now stands wheat they made into bread: for it is asserted, that the before me; and the spoils of the temple, the candlestick, grain out of which the show-bread was made, was sowed, the golden table, and the two trumpets, are represented on reaped, ground, sifted, kneaded, baked, &c. by the Levites the pannel, on the left hand, in the inside of ihe arch, in themselves; or the ovens in which the bread was baked. | basso-relievo. The candlestick is not so ornamented as it Others suppose they were vessels, which they dipped into appears in many prints; at the same time it looks much the keshoth, to take out the wine for libations.

better than it does in the engraving of this arch, given by Verse 30. Shoro-bread] DVD ons lechem panim, lite- Montfaucon, Antiq. Expliq. vol. iv. pl. 32. It is likely rally, bread of faces, so called, either because they were that on the real arch, this candlestick is less in size than placed before the presence or face of God, in the sanctuary; the original, as it scarcely measures three feet in height. or, because they were made square, as the Jews will have See the Diarium Italicum, p. 129. To see these sacred it. It is probable that they were in the form of cubes or articles given up by that God who ordered them to be hexagons, each side presenting the same appearance, and made, according to a pattern exhibited by himself, gracing hence the Jews might suppose they were called the bread the triumph of a heathen emperor, and at last, consecrated or loates of faces; but the Hebrew text seems to intimate, to an idol, affords melancholy reflections to a pious mind. that they were called the bread of faces, DVD panim, be- But these things had accomplished the end for which they cause, as the Lord says, they were set vb lepanai, before were instituted, and were now of no further use. The my face. These loaves or cakes were twelve, representing, glorious Personage typified by all this ancient apparatus, as is generally supposed, the twelve tribes of Israel. They had, about serenty years before this, made his appearance. were in two rows of six each. On the top of each row The true light was come, and the holy Spirit poured out there was a golden dish, with frankincense, which was from on high; and therefore the golden candlestick, by burned before the Lord, as a memorial at the end of the which they were typified, was given up; the ever-during week, when the old loaves were removed, and replaced by bread had been sent from heaven, and therefore the golden new ones; the priests taking the former for their domestic table, which bore its representative, the shou-bread, was use.

now no longer needful; the joyful sound of the everlasting It is more difficult to ascertain the use of these, or what Gospel was then published in the world; and therefore the they represented, than almost any other emblem in the silver trumpets, that typified this, were carried into capwhole Jewish economy. Many have conjectured their tivity, and their sound was no more to be heard. Strange meaning; and I feel no disposition to increase their number providence, but unutterable mercy of God! the Jews lost by any addition of my own. The note on ver. 23, from both the sign and the things signified; and that very Dr. Cudworth, appears to me more rational than any thing people who destroyed the holy city, carried away the spoils else I have met with. The tabernacle was God's house, of the temple, and dedicated them to the objects of their and in it he had his table, his bread, his wine, candlestick, idolatry, were the first in the universe to receive the preach&c. to show them that he had taken up his dwelling ing of the Gospel, the light of salvation, and the bread of among them.-See the note on ver. 23.

life! There is a sort of coincidence or association here, Verse 31. A candlestick of pure gold] This candlestick, which is worthy of the most serious observation. The or chandelier, is generally described as having one shaft Jews had these significant emblems, to lead them to, and or stock; with six branches, proceeding from it, adorned, prepare them for, the things signified. They trusted in ut equal distances, with six flowers, like lilies, with as the former, and rejected the latter! God therefore deprived many bowls and knops placed alternately. On each of the them of both, and gave up their temple to the spoilers, their branches there was a lamp,

and one on the top of the shaft, land to desolation, and themselves to captivity, and to the which occupied the centre, thus there were seven lampe in sword. The heathens then carried away the emblems of


VOL. I. -35

40 And - look that thou make them after their stains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple pattern, 'which was showed thee in the mount. and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work CHAPTER XXVI.

shalt thou make them.

2. The length of one curtain shall be eight The ten curtains of the tabernacle, and of what composed, 1. Their length, 2, 3, their contes, location des couple with more o 10, Peaches, men ing tain four cubits: and every one of the curtains

and twenty cubits, and the breadth of one curremnant of the carins, how to be en.ployed, 12, 13. aki, 11. The Warlof the tabernacle for the south side, 15, their length, 16, shall have one measure. lerons, 17, number, 15, eockets, 19. Baula, &c. for the north sydle, 30, 21 Bours, &c for the west sile, 22. For the corners, 23, their rings and sockels, 21, 35. 3 The five curtains shall be coupled together The bars of the tabernacle, 24-30. The peil, ita pillars, hooks, and taches, 31How to place the merry-seat, 31, the table mrl the candlestick, 35, the

one to another; and other five curtains shall be hanging for the door of the tent, 36, and the hangings for the pillars, 37. coupled one to another. An. Exal In I.

TOREOVER thou shalt make And shalt make loops of blue, upon


MORE tabernacle, withalen male edge on the one baltamin er mooie Selvedge in the

r Ch. 28. 30. Numb. 8. 4. I Chron. 23. 11, 19. Acts 7. 44. Hebr. 8. 5.-Heb. which

thou worst caveed to see.

t Ch. 36. 8-u Heb. the work of a cunning workman, or embroiderer.

their salvation, and God shortly gave unto those heathens, building according to that form or pattern, which has that very salvation, of which these things were the em come through the express revelation of God. blems ! Thus, because of their unbelief and rebellion, the In different parts of this work we have had occasion to kingdom of heaven, according to the prediction of our remark, that the heathens borrowed their best things from blessed Lord, was taken from the Jews, and given to a Divine Revelation, both as it refers to wbat was pure in nation, the Gentiles, that brought forth the fruits thercof! their doctrines, and significant in their religious rites. Matt. xxi. 43. Behold the GOODNESS and SEVERITY of God! | Indeed, they seem in many cases to have studied the

Verse 39. Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, closest imitation possible, consistent with the adaptation with all these vessels) That is, a talent of gold in weight of all to their preposterous and idolatrous worship. They was used in making the candlestick, and the different ves- had their lao, or Jove, in imitation of the true JEHOsels and instruments which belonged to it. According to VAH; and from different attributes of the Divine Nature, Bishop Cumberland, a talent was three thousand shekels. they formed an innumerable group of gods and goddesses. As the Israelites brought each half a shekel, ch. xxxviii. | They had also their temples, in imitation of the temple of 26. so that one hundred talents, une thousand seven hun- God; and in these they had their holy and more holy dred and seventy-fire shekels, were contributed by six places, in imitation of the courts of the Lord's house. The hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty per- heathen temples consisted of several parts or divisions : sons. By halving the number of the Israelites, he finds 1, The area or porch; 2. The Nx05, or temple, similar to they contributed three hundred and one thousand seren the nare of our churches; 3. The adytum, or holy place, hundred and seventy-five shekels in all. Now, as we find called also penetrale, and sacrarium; and, 4. The orioso. that this number of shekels made one hundred talents, and Soros, or the inner temple, the most secret recess, where one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five shekels they had their mysteriu, and which answered to the Holy over, if we subtract one thousand seden hundred and of Holies in the tabernacle. And as there is no evidence seventy-five, the odd shekels, from three hundred and one whatever, that there was any temple among the heathens, thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, we shall have prior to the tabernacle, it is reasonable to conclude, that for a remainder three hundred thousand; the number of it served as a model for all that they afterward builded. shekels in one hundred talents; and if this remainder be | They had even their portable temples, to imitate the taber. divided by one hundred, the number of talents, it quotes nacle : and the shrines for Diana, mentioned, Acts xix. 24. three thousand, the number of shekels in each talent. A

were of this kind. They had even their arks, or sacred silver shekel of the sanctuary, being equal, according to coffers, where they kept their most holy things, and the Dr. Prideaux, to three shillings English, three thousand mysterious emblems of their religion; together with can. such shekels' will amount to four hundred and fifty dlesticks, or lamps, to illuminate their temples, which had pounds sterling; and reckoning gold to silver as fifteen few windows, to imitate the golden candlestick in the Moto one, a talent of gold will amount to six thousand seven saic tabernacle. They had even their processions, in hundred and fifty pounds sterling: to which add two imitation of the carrying about of the ark' in the wilderhundred and sixiy-three pounds for the one thousand ness; accompanied by such ceremonies, as sufficiently seven hundred and seventy-five shekels, at three shillings show, to an unprejudiced mind, that they borrowed them each, and it makes a total of seven thousand and thirteen from this sacred original. Dr. Dodd has a good note on pounds, which immense sum was expended on the can this subject which I shall take the liberty to extract. dlestick and ils furniture. It is no wonder, then, (if the Speaking of the ark, he says, “We meet with imitacandlestick in the second temple were equal in value to tions of this divinely instituted emblem, among several that in the ancient tabernacle) that Titus should think it heathen nations. Thus Tucitus, De Moribus Germaof sufficient consequence to be one of the articles, with the norum, cap. 40. informs us, that the inhabitants of the golden table and silver trumpets, that should be employed north of Germany, our Saxon ancestors, in general, worto grace his triumph. Their intrinsic worth was a mat- shipped Herthum, or Hertham, i. e. the mother earth; ter of no consequence to Him, whose are the silver and

Hertham being plainly derived from y ma arets, earth, and gold, the earth and its fulness : they had accomplished DN am, mother; and they believed her to interpose in the their design, and were of no farther use, either in the king- affairs of men, and to visit nations; that to her, in a sacred dom of Providence, or the kingdom of grace.-See the grove, in a certain island of the ocean, a vehicle covered note on ver. 31. and see that on chap. xxxviii. 24.

with a restment, was consecrated, and allowed to be touchVerse 40. And look that thou make, &c.) This verse ed by the priests only, (compare 2 Sam. vi. 6, 7. 1 Chron. Bhould be understood as an order to Moses after the taber xii. 9, 10.) who perceived, when the goddess entered into nacle, &c. had been described to him: as if he had said, her secret place, penetrale, and with profound venera“When thou comest to make all the things that I have al tion attended her vehicle, which was drawn by cous : see ready described to thee, with the other matters of which I 1 Sam. vi. 7–10. While the goddess was on her progress, shall afterward treat, see that thou make every thing ac- days of rejoicing were kept in every place which she cording to the pattern which thou didst see in the mount." vouchsafed to visit—they engaged in no war, they hanThe Septuagint have it κατα τον τυπον τον διδειγμενον σοι. dled no weapons; peace and quietness were then only According to the TYPE, FORM, or fashion which was shown known, only relished, till the same priest reconducted the thee. It appears to me, that St. Paul had this command goddess to her temple. Then the echicle and restment, particularly in view, when he gave that to his son Timo and if you can believe it, the goddess herself, were washihy, which we find in his second epistle, chap. i. ver. 13. ed in a sacred lake.” υποτυπωσιν εχε υγιεινόντων λόγων, ων παρ' εμου ηκουσας-Hold Apuleius, describing a golemn idolatrous procession, fast the FORM of sound words which thou hast heard of De Aur. Asin. lib. ii. after the Egyptian mode, says, “A me. The tabernacle was a type of the church of God: chest, or ark, was carried by another, containing their sethat church is built upon the foundation of the prophets cret things, entirely concealing the mysteries of religion.” and apostles, Jesus Christ being the chief corner-stone, And Plutarch, in his treatise De Iside, &c. describing Eph. ii. 20—22. the doctrines, therefore, delivered by the the rites of Osiris, says—“On the tenth day of the month, prophets, Jesus Christ, and his apostles, are essential to at night, they go down to the sea, and the stolists, together the constitution of this church. As God, therefore, gave with the priest, carry forth the sacred chest, in which is a the plan, or form, according to which the tabernacle small boat or vessel of gold." must be constructed, so he gives the doctrines according Pausanias likewise testifies, (lib. vii. c. 19.) that the to which the Christian church is to be modelled ; and apos- ancient Trojans had a sacred ark, wherein was the image tles, and subordinate builders, are to have and hold 'fast of Bacchus, made by Vulcan, which had been given to thai FORM of sound words, and construct this heavenly Dardanus by Jupiter. As the ark was deposited in the

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coupling; and likewise shalt thou make in the 10 And thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge uttermost edge of another curtain, in the coup- of the one curtain, that is outmost in the coupling of the second.

ling, and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain 5 Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one cur- which coupleth the second. tain, and fifty loops shalt thou make in the edge 11 And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass, of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second; and put the taches into the loops, and couple the that the loops may take hold one of another. wtent together, that it may be one.

6 And thou shalt make fisty taches of gold, 12 And the remnant that remaineth, of the and couple the curtains together with the taches: curtains of the tent, the half curtain that reand it shall be one tabernacle.

maineth, shall hang over the backside of the ta7 | And thou shalt make curtains of goats' bernacle. hair, to be a covering upon the tabernacle: 13 And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on eleven curtains shalt thou make.

the other side r of that which remaineth in the 8 The length of one curtain shall be thirty length of the curtains of the tent, it shall hang cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cu over the sides of the tabernacle, on this side and bits: and the eleven curtains shall be all of one on that side to cover it.

14 | And y thou shalt make a covering for the 9 And thou shall couple five curtains by them- tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering selves, and six curtains by themselves, and shalt above of badgers' skins. double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the 15 | And thou shalt make boards for the tatabernacle.

bernacle of shittim wood standing up.


Ch. 36. 14--* Or, covering.

» Heb. in the remainder, or surplusage.-y Ch. 36. 19.

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Holy of Holies, so the heathens had, in the inmost part materials, might make a perfect fac simile of the ancient
of their temples, an adytum, or penetrale, to which none Jewish tabernacle. It was a moveable building, and so con-
had access but the priests. And it is remarkable, that structed that it might be easily taken to pieces, for the greater
among the Mexicans, Vitzliputzli, their supreme god, convenience of carriage, as they were often obliged to trans-
was represented under a human shape, sitting on a throne, port it from place to place, in their various journeyings.-
supported by an azure globe, which they called heaven: For the twined linen, blue, purple, and scarlet, see the
four poles or sticks came out from two sides of this globe, notes on chap. xxv. ver. 4, &c.
at the end of which, serpents' heads were carved, the Cherubim] See the note on chap. xxv. 18.
whole making a litter, which the priests carried on their Cunning work] Jun chosheb, probably means a sort
shoulders, whenever the idol was shown in public.” Re of diaper, in which the figures appear equally perfect on
ligious Ceremonies, vol. iii. p. 146.

both sides; this was probably formed in the loom. Another Calmet remarks, that the ancients used to dedicate can kind of curious work is mentioned, ver. 36. opo rokem, dlesticks in the temple of their gods, bearing a great num which we term needle-work: this was probably similar to ber of lamps.

our embroidery, tapestry, or cloth of arras. It has been Pliny, Hist. Nat. lib. xxxiv. c. 3. mentions one made in thought unlikely that these curious works were all manuthe form of a tree, with lamps in the likeness of apples, factured in the wilderness : what was done in the loom, which Alexander the great consecrated in the temple of they might have brought with them from Egypt; what Apollo.

could be done by hand, without the use of complex maAnd Atheneus, lib. xv. c. 19, 20. mentions one that sup- chinery, the Israelitish women could readily perform ported three hundred and sirty-five lamps, which Diony- with their needles, during their stay in the wilderness. sius the younger, king of Syracuse, dedicated in the Pry. But still it seems probable, that they brought even their taneum at Athens. As the Egyptians, according to the looms with them. The whole of this account shows, that testimony of Clemens Alexandrinus, Strom. lib. i. were not only necessary, but ornamental arts, had been carried the first who used lamps in their temples, they probably to a considerable pitch of perfection, both among the Israborrowed the use from the golden candlestick in the taber- elites and Egyptians. The inner curtains of the tabernacle nacle and temple.

were ten in number, and each in length, luenty-eight cuFrom the solemn and very particular charge-Look that bits, and four in breadth-about sixteen yards twelve thou make them after their pattern, which was showed inches long, and two yards twelre inches broad. The curthee in the mount, it appears plainly that God showed tains were to be coupled together, five and five of a side, Moses a model of the tabernacle and all its furniture: and by fifty loops, ver. 5. and as many golden clasps, ver. 6. so to receive instructions relative to this, was one part of his that each might look like one curtain, and the whole make employment while on the mount forty days with God. As one entire covering, which was the first. God designed that this building and all that belonged to it, Verse 7. Curtains of goats' hair] Stuff made of goats' should be patterns or representations of good things to hair. See the note on chap. xxv. 4.' This was the second come, it was indispensably necessary that Moses should covering, receive a model and specification of the whole, according Verse 14. Rams' skins dyed red). See on chap. xxv.. to which he might direct the different artificers in their 5. This was the third covering; and what is called the constructing the work. 1. We may observe that the badgers' skins, was the fourth. See the note on chap. whole tabernacle and its furniture resembled a dwelling- xxv. 5. Why there should have been four coverings, does house and its furniture. 2. That this tabernacle was the not appear. They might have been designed partly for house of God; not merely for the performance of his wor respect, and partly to keep off dust and dirt, and the exship, but for his residence. 3. That God had promised to tremely fine sand, which in that desert rides as it were on dwell among this people; and this was the habitation which every breeze; and partly to keep off the intense heat of the he appointed for his glory. 4. That the tabernacle, as sun, which would otherwise have destroyed the poles, bars, well as the temple, was a type of the incarnation of Jesus boards, and the whole of the wood-work. As to the conChrist, see John i. 14. and íl. 19, 21. 5. That as the glory jecture of some, that “the four coverings were intended of God was manifested between the cherubim, above the the better to keep off the rain," it must appear unfounded mercy-seat, in this tabernacle; so God was in Christ to those who know, that in that desert rain was rarely ever and in him dwelt all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. seen. 6. As in the tabernacle were found, bread, light, &c. Verse 15. Thou shalt make boards) These formed probably all these were emblematical of the ample provi- what might be called the walls of the tabernacle, and were sion made in Christ

for the direction, support, and salva- made of shittim wood, the Acacia Milotica, which, Dr. tion of the soul of man. Of these, and many other things Shaw says, grows here in abundance. To have worked in the law and the prophets, we shall know more when the acacia into these boards or planks, the Israelites must mortality is swallowed up of life.

have had sawyers, joiners, &c. among them; hut how NOTES ON CHAPTER XXVI.

they got the tools, is a question. But as the Israelites were Verse 1. Thou shall make the tabernacle] Mischan the general workmen of Egypt, and were brought up to 1790 from 150 shacan, to dwell, means simply a dwelling every kind of trade for the service of their oppressors, we place, or habitation of any kind; but here it means the may naturally suppose, that every artificer brought off some dwelling place of Jehovah, who as a king in his camp, had of his tools with him.' For though it is not at all likely his dwelling or pavilion among his people, his table always that they had any armour or defensive weapons in their spread, his lamps lighted, and the priests, &c. his attend power, yet for the reason above assigned, they must

have ants, always in waiting.' From the minute and accurate had the implements which were requisite for their respecdescription here given, a good workman, had he the same tive trades.

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16 Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, 27 And five bars for the boards of the other and a cubit and a half shall be the breadth of side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the one board.

boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the two 17 Two : tenons shall there be in one board, sides westward. set in order one against another: thus shalt 29 And the middle bar, in the midst of the thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle. boards, shall rcach from end to end.

19 And thou shalt make the boards for the 29 And thou shalt overlay the boards with tabernacle, twenty boards on the south side gold, and make their rings of gold for places southward.

for the bars: and thou shalt overlay the bars 19 And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver with gold. under the twenty boards; two sockets under one 30 And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle, bacboard for his two tenons, and two sockets under cording to the fashion thereof, which was showed another board for his two tenons.

thee in the mount. 20 And for the second side of the tabernacle, 31 | And · thou shalt make a veil of blue, and on the north side, there shall be twenty boards: purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cun

21 And their forty sockets of silver; two ning work; with cherubims shall it be made : sockets under one board, and two sockets under 32 And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars another board.

of shittim wood, overlaid with gold: their hooks 22 And for the sides of the tabernacle west- shall be of gold, upon the four sockets of silver, ward, thou shalt make six boards.

33 And thou shalt hang up the veil under the 23 And two boards shalt thou make for the taches, that thou mayest bring in thither within corners of the tabernacle in the two sides. the veil, d the ark of the testimony: and the

24 And they shall be a coupled together be- veil shall divide unto you between the holy neath, and they shall be coupled together above place and the most holy the head of it unto one ring: thus shall it be for 34 And thou shalt put the mercy-seat upon them both; they shall be for the two corners. the ark of the testimony, in the most holy place.

25 And they shall be eight boards, and their 35 And thou shalt set the table without the sockets of silver, sixteen sockets; two sockets veil, and " the candlestick over against the table, under one board, and two sockets under another on the side of the tabernacle toward the south: board.

and thou shalt put the table on the north side. 26 And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood; 36 | And i thou shalt make a hanging for the five for the boards of the one side of the taber- door of the tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, nacle,

and fine twined linen, wrought with needle-work.

Heb. bands.-a Heb. twined. -b Ch. 25. 9, 40. & 27. 8. Acta 7. 44. Hebr.& 5.

c Ch. 36. 35. Lev. 16. 2 2 Chron. 3. 14. Matt 27.5L. Heh. 9. 3.

d Ch. 25. 16. & 40. 21.- Lev. 16. 2. Heb. 9. 2, 3.–Ch. 5. 21. & :0. 20. Hebr.

9. 5.-g Ch. 40. 22. Hebr. 9. 2-h Ch. 40. 21-i Ch 36. 37.

Verse 16. Ten cubits shall be the length of a board] by the golden candlestick, which stood on the outside of Each of these boards, or planks, was about five yards and this veil. two feet and a half long, and thirty-two inches broad; and Verse 32. Their hooks shall be of gold] 0771 tareyas they are said to be standing up, this was the height of hem, which we translate their hooks, is rendered xv9 ansios, the tabernacle. The length being thirty cubits, twenty capitals, by the Septuagint, and capita, by the Vulgate

. boards, one cubit and a half broad each, make about seren As the word » rav, or rau, plural din rarim, occurs only tecn yards and a half, and the BREADTH was about five in this book, chap. xxvi. 32, 37. xxvii. 10, 11, 17. xxxvi

. yards.

36, 38. xxxviii. 10, 11, 12, 17, 19, 29. and is used in these Verse 29. Thou shalt overlay the boards with gold] places in reference to the same subject, it is very difficult to It is not said how thick the gold was, by which these ascertain its precise meaning. Most commentators and boards, &c. were overlaid: it was, no doubt, done with lexicographers think, that the ideal meaning of the word is, gold plates ; but these must have been very thin, else the to connect, attach, join to, hook ; and that the letter tau i boards, &c. must have been insupportably heavy: The has its name from its hook-like form; and its use as a pargold was probably something like our gold leaf, but not ticle in the Hebrew language, because it serves to connect brought to so great a degree of tenuity:

the words and members of a sentence, and the sentences Verse 31. Thou shalt make a veil] nad paroceth, of a discourse, together; and that, therefore, hook, must from 770 parac, to break, or rend, the inner reil of the be the obvious meaning of the word, in all the above texts. tabernacle, or temple, 2 Chron. iii. 14. which broke, inter- Calmet thinks this reason of no weight, because the ray 1 rupted, or divided between the holy place and the most of the present Hebrew alphabet is widely dissimilar froin holy-The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the rau of the primitive Hebrew alphabet, as may be seen the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the on the ancient shekels : on these the characters appear as first tabernacle was standing, compare Heb. ix. 8. The in the word JEHOVAH, chap. xxviii. 36. This form bears Septuagint constantly render it by καταπιτασμα. .

Does not no resemblance to a hook ; nor does the Samaritan 3 rau, the Hebrew name hand paroceth moreover intimate the which appears to have been copied from this ancient chatypical correspondence of this veil to the body or flesh of racter. Christ? For this x45271TXT us, or veil, was his flesh, Heb. Calmet, therefore, contends, 1. That if Moses does not x. 20. which being rent, atfords us a new and living way mean the capitals of the pillars, by the om ravim of the into the holiest of all, i.e. into heaven itself-compare Heb. text, he mentions them nowhere; and it would be strange, X. 19, 20. ix. 24. And accordingly, when his blessed body that, while he describes the pillars, their sockets, bases, was rent upon the cross, this veil also (70 **T4787294& Tou fillets, &c. &c. with so much exactness, as will appear on vwou) :5 %oin, was RENT in train from the top to the bol- consulting the preceding places, that he should make no tom Matt. xxvii. 51.-See Parkhurst under the word 790. mention of the capitals; or that pillars, every way so cor

The veil in the tabernacle was exceedingly costly: it rectly formed, should have been destitute of this very newas made of the same materials with the inner covering, cessary ornament. blue, purple, scarler, fine twined linen, embroidered with 2. As Moses was commanded to make the hooks, ou tacherubim, &c. It served to divide the tabernacle into two rim, of the pillars, and their fillets of silver, chap. xxvii

. parts-one, the outermost, called the holy place; the other, 10, 11. and the hooks, varim, of the pillars of the veil, of or innermost, called the Holy of Holies, or the most holy gold, chap. xxxvi. 36. and the one thousand scren hundred place. In this was deposited the ark of the covenant, and and seventy-fivc shekels were employed in making these the other things that were laid up by way, of memorial. hooks, ravim, overlaying their chapiters, onun rasheyInto this the high priest alone was permitted to enter, and hem, their heads, and filleting them, chap. xxxviii. 28, it is that only once in the year, on the great day of atonement. more reasonable to suppose, that all this is spoken of the It was in this inner place that Jehovah manifested himself capitals of the pillars, than of any kind of hooks, especially between the cherubim. The Jews say, that this veil was as hooks are mentioned under the word taches or clasps in four fingers breadth in thickness, in order to prevent any other places. On the whole, it appears much more reasonaperson

from seeing through it; but of this, as Calmet ob- ble to translate the original by capilals than by hooks. serves, there was no necessity, as there was no window or After this verse, the Samaritan Pentateuch introduces the place for light in the tabernacle, and consequently the most ten first verses of chapter xxx. and this appears to be their simple veil would have been sufficient to obstruct the dis- proper place. Those ten verses are not repeated in the covery of any thing behind it

, which could only be discern.xxxth chapter in the Samaritan : the chapter beginning ed by the light that came in at the door, or by that afforded l with the 11th verse.

pillare 101 hangings, 10-15.
breaith, and height, 16-18. All the vessels used in the court of the labernacle to

An. Exod. lor. L


37 And thou shalt make for the hanging k five 5 And thou shalt put it under the compass of pillars of shittim wood, and overlay them with the altar beneath, that the net may be even to gold, and their hooks shall be of gold: and thou the midst of the altar. shalt cast five sockets of brass for them.

6 And thou shalt make staves for the altar,

staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with CHAPTER XXVII.


7 And the staves shall be put into the rings, The altar of burnt-offerings, and ita dimenslens, 1, its horns, 2, pans, shovels, &c. 3, iu grase, and reticork, 15, is strices, 5, 7 Court of the tabernacle, 9, with its and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the

Gate of the court

, its pillars, hausines, length altar, to bear it. be of brass, 19 "The larselites to provide pure olive oil, for the light, 20. Every 8 Hollow with boards shalt thou make it : Pas thing to be ordered by Aardo and his sona, 21.

o it was showed thee in the mount, so shall they AN

ND thou shalt make lan altar of make it.

shittim wood, five cubits long, 9 | And e thou shalt make the court of the and five cubits broad; the altar shall be four- tabernacle: for the south side southward, there square: and the height thereof shall be three shall be hangings for the court, of fine twined cubits.

linen of a hundred cubits long for one side: 2 And thou shalt make the horns of it upon 10 And the twenty pillars thereof and their the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of twenty sockets shall be of brass; the hooks of the same: and mthou shalt overlay it with brass. the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver,

3 And thou shalt make his pans to receive his 11 And likewise for the north side, in length ashes, and his shovels, and his basins, and his there shall be hangings of a hundred cubits long, flesh-hooks, and his fire-pans: all the vessels and his twenty pillars and their twenty sockets thereof thou shalt make of brass.

of brass; the hooks of the pillars, and their 4 And thou shalt make for it a grate of net-fillets, of silver. work of brass; and upon the net shalt thou 12 And for the breadth of the court on the make four brazen rings in the four corners west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits: their thereof.

pillars ten, and their sockets ten.

k Ch. 36. 38.- Ch.38 1. Ezek. 43. 13.-m See Numb. 16. 38.

n Ch. 25. 40. & 26. 80.-- Heb. be showed.-p Ch. 38. 9.

Verse 36. A hanging for the door of the tent.] This There is a medal of Antoninus, on the reverse of which is may be called the first veil, as it occupied the door or en an altar, on which a fire barns, consecrated, Diro Pio, trance to the tabernacle: the veil that separated the holy where the horns appear on each of the corners. place from the Holy of Holies, is called the second veil, There is one of Faustina, on which the altar and its Heb. ix. 3. These two veils and the inner covering of the horns are very distinct, the legend Pietas Augusta. All tabernacle, were all of the sa ma

and of the same the following have altars with horns. One of Valerian, workınanship.-See chap. xxvii. 16.

legend consecratio; one of Claudius Gothicus, same le1. For the meaning and design of the tabernacle, see gend; one of Quintillus, same legend; one of Crispina, the note on chap. xxv. 10. and while the reader is struck with the legend Diis Genitalibus; and several others. with the curious and costly nature of this building, as See Numismatica Antiq. a Musellio, under Consecratio, described by Moses, let him consider how pure and holy in the Index. that church should be, which it was a very expressive Verse 3. Thou shalt make his pans), ono sirotaiv, type; and what manner of person he should be in all holy a sort of large brazen dishes, which stood under the altar, conversation and godliness, who professes to be a member to receive the ashes that fell through the grating. of that church, for which, it is written, Christ has given His shorels] hy yaâiv. Some render this besoms : himself, that he might sanctify and cleanse it—that he but as these were brazen instruments, it is more natural to might present it unto himself a glorious church, not having suppose, that some kind of fire-shovels are intended, or spot or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be scuttles, which were used to carry off the ashes that fell holy and without blemish.-See Eph. v. 25—27.

through the grating into the large pan or siroth. 2. In the Jewish tabernacle almost every thing was His basins) upp mizrekotaiv, from py zarak, to placed out of the sight of the people. The Holy of Holies sprinkle or disperse: bowls or basins to receive the blood was inaccessible, the testimony was comparatively hidden, of the sacrifices, in order that it might be sprinkled on the as were also the mercy-seat, and the divine glory. Under people, before the altar, &c. the Gospel, all these things are laid open-the way to the His flesh-hooks) rebio mizlegotaiv. That this word Holiest is made manifest-the veil is rent, and we have an is rightly translated flesh-hooks, is fully evident from 1 entrance to the Holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new Sam. ii. 13. where the same word is used, in such a conand living icay, which he hath consecrated for us through nexion, as demonstrates its meaning: And the pricst's the reil, that is to say, his flesh, Heb. x. 19, 20. How custom with the people, was, that, rchen any man offered abundantly has God broughi life and immortality to light sacrifice, the priest's servant came while the flesh was in by the Gospel! The awful distance is abolished, the mi the secthing, with a FLESH-HOOK (2bio mazleg) of three nistry of reconciliation is proclaimed, the kingdom of hea teeth (prongs) in his hand, and he struck it into the pan, ven is open to all believers, and the Lord is in his holy &c. all that the FLESH-HOOK (2570 mazlog) brought up, temple.-Sinner, weary of thyself and thy transgressions, the priest took for himself. It was, probably, a kind of fainting under the load of thy iniquities, look to Jesus! he trident, or fork with three prongs, and these bended to a died for thee, and will save thee.- Believer, stand fast in right ang at the middle, as the ideal meaning of the Hethe liberty wherewith God has made thee free, and be not brew seems to imply crookedness or currature in general. entangled again in the yoke of bondage.

His fire-pans) and machtolaiv. Bishop Patrick NOTES OŃ CHAPTER XXVII.

and others suppose, that "this was a larger sort of vessel, Verse 1. Thou shall make an altar] maro mizbeach, wherein, peobably, the sacred fire, which came down from from na zabach, to slay. Septuagint, Auristtuprov, from heaven, Lev. ix. 34. was kept burning, whilst they cleansed borists, to sacrifice, or from sun, to kill, &c. See the note the altar and the grate from the coals and the ashes; and on Gen. viii. 20.

while the altar was carried from one place to another, as it Foursquare] As this altar was five cubits long, and five often was in the wilderness.” broad, and the cubit is reckoned to be twenty-one inches, Verse 4. Thou shalt make a grale] Calmet supposes hence it must have been eight feet nine inches square, and this altar to have been a sort of box, covered with brass about fide feet three inches in height, the amount of three plates, on the top of which was a grating to supply the cubits, taken at the same ratio.

fire with air, and permit the ashes to fall through into the Verse 2. Thou shalt make the horns of it) _The horns siroth, or pan that was placed below. At the four corners might have three uses : 1. For ornament; 2. To prevent of the grating were four rings and four chains, by which carcasses, &c. from falling off; 3. To tic the victim to, pre- it was attached to the four horns; and at the sides were viously to its being sacrificed. So David, -Bind the sa- rings for the poles of shittim wood, with which it was crifice with cords to the horns of the altar.-Psalm cxviii. carried. Even on this, there is a great variety of opinions. 27. Horns were much used in all ancient altars among Verse 8. Hollow with boards ] It seems to have been a the heathen, and some of them were entirely constructed kind of frame-work, and to have had nothing solid in the of the horns of the beasts that had been offered in sacri- inside, and only covered with the grating at the top. This fice: but such altars appear to be erected rather as trophies rendered it more light and portable. in honour of their gods. On the reverses of several me Verse 9. The court of the tabernacle] The tabernacle dalg, we find altars represented with horns at the corners. I stood in an enclosure or court, open at the top. This court

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