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72 62 & 94. 14 Jer. 10. 16. Zech. 2. 12.-b Deut. 5. 2 & 12, 14.- Deut. 4. 32

will by no means clear the guilty ; visiting the this day: behold, 'I drive out before thee the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, upon the children's children, unto the third and and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jeto the fourth generation.

busite. S TAnd Moses made haste, and ? bowed his 12 6 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a head toward the earth, and worshipped. covenant with the inhabitants of the land whi

9 And he said, If now I have found grace in ther thou goest, lest it be for sa snare in the thy sight, O LORD, 5 let my LORD, I pray thee, midst of thee: go among us; for ? it is a stiff-necked people; 13 But ye shall i destroy their altars, break and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us their k images, and I cut down their groves: for a thine inheritance.

14 For thou shalt worship » no other god: 10 1 And he said, Behold, "I make a cove- for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a nant:"before all thy people I will do marvels, • jealous God such as have not been done in all the earth, nor 15 P Lest thou make a covenant with the inin any nation: and all the people among which habitants of the land, and they 'go a whoring thou art, shall see the work of the LORD: for it after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, is d a terrible thing that I will do with thee. and one call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice;

11 - Observe thou that which I command thee 16 And thou take of their daughters unto A Ch. 1 31.-y Ch 3. 15, 16. - Ch. 3 3-4 Deut. 2. 9. Pea. 2 9 8 7 12 i Ch. 23. 21. Dent. 12. 3. Judg. 2.2-k Heb. statues.- Deut. 7. 5. & 12 2 Judg

6.25. 2 Kings 18. 4. & 23. 11. 2 Chron. 31. 1. & 343, 1.-m Ch. 20. 3,5.- So Ixal 2 Sam. 7. 23. Psa. 77. 14. & 78. 12. & 117. 2.- Deut. 10. 21. Psa. 145. 6. Isai. 64. 9.6. & 57. 15.-o Ch. 20.5.--p Ver. 12- Deut. 31. 16. Julg. 2 17. Jer. 3. 9. Ezek &- Deut. 5. 32 & 6.3, 25. & 1223, 32. & 3.1.- Ch. 30.2-8 Ch 322 Deut. 6.9.- Namb. 3. 2. 1 Cor. 10. 27.- Paa. 106. 28. I Cor. &. 4, 7, 10. - Deat. 7. 3. 7.2 Jutg. 22-h Ch. 2. 33.

1 Kings 11. 2. Ezra 9.2 Neh. 13. 25. of stone. Then he wrote all in a book, chap. xxiv. 4. CHUM, the merciful Being, who is full of tenderness and which was called the book of the covenant, ver. 7. After compassion. 4. in CHANUN, the gracious One: He, this there was a second going up of Moses, Aaron, Nadab, whose nature is goodness itself-the loring God. 5. 7* Abihu, and the seventy elders, chap. xxiv. 9. when that O'DN EREC APAYIM, long-suffering, the Being who, be glorious discovery of God, mentioned in verses 10 and 11. cause of his goodness and tenderness, is not easily irritated, of the same chapter, took place. After their coming down, but suffers long, and is kind. 6. 20 RAB, the great or Moses is again commanded to go up: and God promises mighty One. Z non CHESED, the bountiful Being: He to give him tables of stone, containing a law and precepts, who is exuberant in his beneficence. 8. hon EMETH, the ver. 12. This is the first place these tables of stone are Truth, or true One: He alone who can neither deceite mentioned; and thus it appears that the ten command nor be deceived—who is the Fountain of truth, and from ments, and several other precepts, were given to, and ac whom all wisdom and knowledge must be derived. 9. 733 cepted by, the people, and the covenant sacrifice offered, on NoTSER CHESED, the preserver of bountifulness : He chap. xxiv. 5. before the tables of stone were either writ- whose beneficence never ends, keeping mercy for thouten or mentioned.” It is very likely that the command-sands of generations--showing compassion and mercy ments, laws, &c. were first published by the Lord, in the while the world endures. 10. uni yudiy koNose hearing of the people ; repeated afterward by Moses, and avon vapeshâu vechataah ; He who bears away iniquity and the ten words or commandments, containing the sum and transgression and sin; properly the REDEEMER, the Parsubstance of the whole, afterward written on the first ta- doner, the Forgiver, the Being whose prerogative alone bles of stone, to be kept for a record in the ark. These it is to forgive sin, and save the soul. Aps (15) mp3 NAKEN being broken, as it is related, chap. xxxü. 19. Moses is lo yinnakeh, the righteous Judge, who distributes justice commanded to hew out two tables like to the first, and with an impartial hand; with whom no innocent person bring them up to the mountain, that God might write upon can ever be condemned. 11. And 13 7pD PAKED âror, them what he had written on the former, chap. xxxiv. 1. &c. He who visits iniquity; he who punishes transgresAnd that this vas accordingly done, see the preceding sors, and from whose justice no sinner can escape. The part of this note.

God of retributive and vindictive justice. Verse 6. And the Lord passed by, and proclaimed, The These eleven attributes, as they have been termed, are Lord, &c.] It would be much better to read this verse

all included in the name JEHOVAH : and are, as we have thus ; " And the LORD passed by before him, and pro- before seen, the proper interpretation of it: but the meanclaimed, JEHOVAH'—that is, showed Moses, fully, what ing of several of these words has been variously underwas implied in this angust name. Moses had requested God stood. to show him his glory, see the preceding chapter, 18th Verse 7. That will by no mcans clear the guilty) This verse, and God promised to proclaim, or fully declare the last clause is rather difficult: literally translated, it signi. namé, JEHOVAH, verse 19. by which proclamation or in- fies, in clearing he will not clear. But the Samaritan readterpretation, Moses should see how God would "be gra- ing lo, to him, instead of the negative as lo, not, rencious to whom he would be gracious;" and horo he would ders the clause thus, With whom the innocent shall be in

be merciful to those to whom he would show mercy." nocent; i. e. an innocent or holy person shall never be Here therefore God fulfils that promise by proclaiming treated as if he were a transgressor, by this just and holy this name. It has long been a question, what is the mean God. The Arabic version has it, He justifies, and is not ing of the word 717 JEHOVAH, Yehovah, Yehue, Yehveh, justified; and the Septuagint is nearly as our English or Yere, Jeue, Jao, lao, Jhueh, and Jove; for it has been text, *** ou xc6 upis tov ivoxov, and he doth not purify the as variously pronounced, as it has been differently inter- guilty. The Alexandrian copy of the Septuagint, edited preted. Some have maintained that it is utterly inexpli- by Dr. Grabe, has, *** TON ovozov xaizpuruw ev xmbc pors, and cable. These of course have offered no mode of interpre- the guilty he will not cleanse with a purification offering. tation. Others say, that it implies the essence of the divine The Coptic is to the same purpose. The Vulgate is a nature. Others, that it expresses the doctrine of the Tri- paraphrase, nullusque apud te

, per se innocens est; "and nity connected with the incarnation: the letter Yod, no person is innocent by or of himself before thee. This standing for the Father, He, for the Son, and · Vau, (the gives a sound theologic sense, stating a great truth, That connecting particle) for the Holy Spirit; and they add, no man can make an atonement for his own sins, or puthat the n he, being repeated in the word, signifies the hu- rify his own heart: and, that all have sinned and come man nature united to the divine in the incarnation. These short of the glory of God. speculations are calculated to give very little satisfaction. Verse 9. O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee go among How strange is it that none of these learned men have us! The original is not mit Jehovah, but vix Adonai, in discovered that God himself interprets this name in verges both these places, and seems to refer particularly to the 6, and 7. of this chapter!" And the Lord passed by be- Angel of the Covenant, the Messiah. See the note on fore him, and proclaimed 70 YEHOVAH, the LORD God, Gen. xv. 8. merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in Verse 10. I will do marvels) This seems to refer to goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, for what God did in putting them in possession of the land of giving iniquity, and transgression, and sin, and that Çanaan, causing the walls of Jericho to fall down-making will by no means clear the guilty."' These words con- the sun and moon to stand still, &c. and thus God made tain the proper interpretation of the venerable and glorious his covenant with them, binding himself to put them in name Jehovah.

possession of the promised land; and binding them to obBut it will be necessary to consider them in detail. The serve the precepts laid down in the following verses, from different names in this and the following verse, have been the 11th to the 26th inclusive. considered as so many attributes of the Divine Nature. Verse 13. Ye shall destroy their images) See the subCommentators divide them into eleven, thus : 1. JEHOVAN jects of this and all the following. verses, to the 28th, min. 2. Su El, the strong or mighty God. 3. Din Ra. I treated at large, in the notes on chap. xxiii.

thy sons, and their daughters "go a whoring of the feast of the passover be left unto the after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring morning. after their gods.

26 - The first of the first-fruits of thy land 17 Thou shalt make thee no molten gods. thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy

18 The feast of w unleavened bread, shalt God. • Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mothou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleaven- ther's milk. ed bread, as I commanded thee, in the time 27 | And the LORD said unto Moses, Write of the month Abib: for in the x month Abib thou thou "these words: for after the tenor of these camest out from Egypt.

words I have made a covenant with thee and 19 y All that openeth the matrix is mine; and with Israel. every firstling among thy cattle, whether óx or 28 P And he was there with the LORD forty sheep, that is male.

days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, 20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt re nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables, deem with a lamb: and if thou redeem him the words of the covenant, the ten commandnot, then shalt thou break his neck. All the ments. first-born of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And 29 | And it came to pass, when an. Exod, fer. L. none shall appear before me empty.

Moses came down from mount Sinai 21 | Six days thou shalt work, but on the with the two tables of testimony in Moses? seventh day thou shalt rest; in earing time and hand, when he came down from the mount, that in harvest thou shalt rest.

Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone 22 1 . And thou shalt observe the feast of while he talked with him. weeks, of the first fruits of wheat harvest, and 30 And when Aaron and all the children of the feast of ingathering at the eyear's end. Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face

23 | Thrice in the year shall all your men- shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him. children appear before the LORD God, the God 31 And Moses called unto them; and Aaron of Israel.

and all the rulers of the congregation returned 24 For I will & cast out the nations before thee, unto him: and Moses talked with them. and enlarge thy borders: i neither shall any 32 And afterward all the children of Israel man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to came nigh: and he gave them in commandappear before the LORD thy God, thrice in the ment, all that the LORD had spoken with him in year.

mount Sinai. 25 T Thou shalt not offer the blood of my 33 And till Moses had done speaking with sacrifice with leaven; 'neither shall the sacrifice them, he put ' a veil on his face.

Numb. 15. 1,2 1 Kings It. - Ch. 32. 8. Lev. 19. 4.-w Ch. 12. 15. & 2. 15. . Ch. 13 -y Ch. 13. 9, 12 & 22 29. Ezek. 41. 30. Lake 2 2-2 Ch. 13. 13. Nurab. 18. 15 - Or, kid. - Ch 23. 15. Deut. 16. 16. I Sam. 9. 7, 8. 2 Sum. 24. 24. c Ch 20.9.& 23. 12. & 35.2 Deut. 5. 12, 13, Luke 13. 11 Ch 23. 16. Dent. 16. 10. 13 - Heb resolution of the year. - Ch.23. 14, 17. Deut. 16. 16. —g Ch. 33.2

Lev. 18. 21. Deat. 7. 1. Psa. 78.55. & 80.8.-h Deut. 12. 20. & 19. 8-i See Gen. 35 & 2 Cluron. 17. 10. Prov. 16. 7. Acts 18. 10.-k Ch. 23. 18.-1 Ch. 12. 10.-m Ch. 23. 19 Deut. 26. 2, 10-a Ch 23. 19. Deut. 14. 21.-o Ver. 10. Deul 4. 13. & 31. 9.-p Cha 21. 18. Deut. 9. 9, 18.- Ver. 1. Ch. 31. 18. & 32. 16. Deut. 4.13.& 10.2, 4.- Heb. words.- Ch. 32 15.-i Matt. 17.2 2 Cor. 3. 7, 13.-u Ch. 24. 3.- 2 Cor. 3. 13.

Verse 21. In earing time and in hardest thou shalt See on ver. 1. Allowing this mode of interpretation, the rest} This commandment is worthy of especial note : accompanying precepts were, probably, what was written many break the sabbath on the pretence of absolute neces on the back side of the tables by Moses; the ten command. siły, because, if in harvest time the weather happens to be ments, what were written on the front by the finger of what is called bad, and the sabbath-day be fair and fing Jehovah: for we must pay but little attention to the supthey judge it perfectly lawful to employ that day in en position of the rabbins, that the letters on each table were deavouring to save the fruits of the field, and think that cut through the stone, so as to be legible on each side. See the goodness of the day beyond the preceding is an indica- chapter xxxii. 15. tion from Providence that it should be thus employed. But Verse 28. Forty days and forty nights) See the note is not the command above pointed directly against this ? ! on chap. xxiv. 18. have known this law often broken on this pretence, and Verse 29. The skin of his face shone] ip karan, was have never been able to discover a single instance where horned: having been long in familiar intercourse with his the persons who acted thus succeeded one whit better than Maker, his flesh, as well as his soul, was penetrated with their more conscientious neighbours, who avail themselves the effulgence of the Divine glory: and his looks expressed of no such favourable circumstances, being determined to the light and life which dwelt within. Probably Moses keep God's law, even to the prejudice of their secular in- appeared now as he did, when in our Lord's transfigura. terests; but no man ever yet ultimately suffered loss hy a tion he was seen with Elijah on the mount. Matt. xvii. conscientious attachment to his duty to God. He who is As the original word ip karan, signifies to shine out, to willing and obedient, shall eat the good of the land; and dart forth, as horns on the head of an animal, or rays of God will ever distinguish those in his providence wlio re- lighi, reflected from a polished surface, we may suppose, spect his commandments.

that the heavenly glory which filled the soul of this holy Verse 24. Neither shall any man desire thy land] man, darted out from his face in coruscations, in that man What a manifest proof was this of the power and particular ner in which light is generally represented. The Vulgate providence of God! How easy would it have been for the renders the passage, et ignorabat quod cornuta esset surrounding nations to have taken possession of the whole facies sua—"and he did not know that his face was horn: Israelitish land, with all their defenced cities, when there ed;" which version, misunderstood, has induced painters were none left to protect thern but women and children! in general to represent Moses with two very large horns, Was not this a standing proof of the divine origin of their one proceeding from each temple! But we might naturally religion, and a' barrier, which no deistical mind could ask, while they were indulging themselves in such fancies, possibly surmount? Thrice every year did God work an why only two horns ? for it is very likely, that there were especial miracle for the protection of his people : control hundreds of these radiations, proceeding at once from the ling, even the very desires of their enemies, that they face of Moses. It was, no doubt, from this very circummight not so much as meditate evil against them. They stance, that almost all the nations of the world, who have who have God for their protector, have a sure refuge: and heard of this transaction, have agreed in representing bow true is the proverb, The path of duty is the way of those men, to whom they attributed extraordinary sanctity, safety. While these people went up to Jerusalem to keep and whom they supposed to have had familiar intercourse the Lord's ordinances, he kept their families in peace, and with the Deity, with a lucid nimbus, or glory round their their land in safety.

heads. This has prevailed both in the east and in the Verse 25. The blood of my sacrifice] That is, the west-not only the Greek and Roman saints, or eminent Paschal lamb.-See on chap. xxiii. 18.

persons, are thus represented, but those also among the Verse 26. Thou shall not seethe a kid in his mother's | Mohammedans, Hindoos, and Chinese. milk] See this amply considered, chap. xxiii. 19.

Verse 30. They were afraid to come nigh him) A sight Verse 27. Write thou these words] Either a transcript of his face alarmed them; their consciences were still of the whole law now delivered, or the words included from guilty from their late transgression, and they had not yet ver. Il. to 26. God certainly wrote the ten words on both received the atonement. The very appearance of superior sets of tables. Moses either wrote a transcript of these sanctity often awes the guilty into respect. and the accompanying precepts, for the use of the people ; Verse 33. And till Moses had done speaking) The or he wrote the precepts themselves, in addition to the ten meaning of the verse appears to be this : as often as Mosca commandments, which were written by the finger of God. I spoke in public to the people

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34 But when Moses went in before the 5 Take ye from among you an offering unto LORD to speak with him, he took the veil off the LORD: whosoever is of a willing heart, let until he came out. And he came out, and spake him bring it, an offering of the LORD; gold, and unto the children of Israel that which he was silver, and brass, commanded.

6 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine 35 And the children of Israel saw the face of linen, and goats' hair. Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and 7 And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' Moses put the veil upon his face again, until he skins, and shittim wood, went in to speak with him.

8 And oil for the light, and spices for anoint

ing oil, and for the sweet incense, CHAPTER XXXV.

9 And onyx stones, and stones to be set for Mooca nembles the congregation to deliver to them the commandments of God, 1. the ephod, and for the breastplate. Directions concerning the sabbath, 2, 3. Free-toill offerings of gold, silver, bras', &c for the tabernacle, 1-7. of oil and spices, or precious stones, 9.

10 And every wise-hearted among you shall Proper artists to be employed, 10. The inbernacle and its tent, 11. The ark, 12. come and make all that the LORD hath comTable of the show-brent, 13. Candlestick, 14. Altar of incense, 15. Altar of burnt-offering, 16. Hangings, ping, Ac. 17, 18. Clochea of serrice, and holy manded; vestments, 19. The people cheerfully bring their ornarnents, as offerings to the Lord, 20-22; together with blue, purple, scarlet, &c. &c 23, 24. The women 11.' The tabernacle, his tent, and his coverspin, and bring the produce of their skill and undamine; 3. The meal core bringing, his taches, and his boards, his bars, his link appointed to condnct and superintend all the work or the tabernacle, for pillars, and his sockets; which they are qualified by the spirit of wisdom, 30-35.

12 6 The ark, and the staves thereof, with ND Moses gathered all the congre- the mercy seat, and the veil of the covering;

13 The 5 table, and his staves, and all his together, and said unto them, - These are the vessels, ' and the show-bread; words which the LORD hath commanded, that ye 14 The candlestick also for the light, and his should do them.

furniture, and his lamps, with the oil for the 2 | Six days shall work be done, but on the light; seventh day there shall be to you ' a holy day, a 15 1 And the incense altar and his staves, sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth mand the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, work therein shall be put to death.

and the hanging for the door at the entering in 3. Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your of the tabernacle; habitations upon the sabbath-day.

16 • The altar of burnt-offering, with his bra4 1 And Moses spake unto all the congrega zen grate, his staves, and all his veseels, the tion of the children of Israel, saying, This is laver and his foot ; the thing which the Lord commanded, saying, 17 p The hangings of the court, his pillars,

e Ch. 31. 6.– Ch. B. 1, 2, đc.- Ch. 25, 10, đc.- Ch. 5 3– Ch. 5 g 22, &c Deul 5.12 Luke 13. 14. Heb. holiness.-a Ch. 16. 23.- Ch. 25. 1, 2 Lev. 24. 5,6-k Ch 25. 31, &c.- Ch. 30. 1.-m Ch 30. B.-n Ch 30 34. Ch.

27. 1.-p Ch. 27. 9. because they could not bear to look on the brightness of his from which they have never yet been recovered. When a countenance; but when he entered into the tabernacle, to Jew, even at the present day, reads the law in the synaconverse with the Lord, he removed this veil

, ver. 34. gogue, he puts over his head an oblong woollen veil with St. Paul, 2 Cor. iii. 7, &c. makes a very important use of four tassels at the four corners, which is called the taled the transactions recorded in this place. He represents the or thaled : this is a very remarkable circumstance, as it brightness of the face of Moses as emblematical of the appears to be an emblem of the intellectual veil referred to glory or excellence of that dispensation ; but he shows by the apostle

, which is still upon their hearts when that however glorious or excellent that was, it had no glory Moses is read; and which prevents them from looking to when compared with the superior excellence of the Gospel. the end of that which God designed should be abrogated, As Moses was glorious in the eyes of the Israelites, but and which has been abolished by the introduction of the that glory was absorbed and lost in the splendour of God, Gospel. The veil is upon their hearts, and prevents the when he entered into the tabernacle, or went to meet the light of the glory of God from shining into them; but we Lord upon the mount, so the brightness and excellence of all, says ths apostle, speaking of believers in Chris, with the Mosaic dispensation are eclipsed and absorbed in the open face, without any veil, beholding as in a glass the transcendent brightness or excellence of the Gospel of glory of God, are changed into the same image from Christ. One was the shadow, the other is the substance. glory to glory by the Spirit of the Lord, 2 Cor. ii. 18. One showed sin in its exceeding sinfulness, together with Reader, dost thou know this excellence of the religion of the justice and immaculate purity of God; but in, and of Christ { once thou wert darkness, art thou now light in itself, made no provision for pardon or sanctification. The the Lord ? Art thou still under the letter that killeth? Or other exhibits Jesus, the Lamb of God, typified by all the under the spirit that giveth life? Art thou a slave to sin ? sacrifices under the law, putting away sin by the sacrifice Or a servant of Christ ? Is the veil on thy heart? Or hast of himself; reconciling God to man, and man to God; thou found redemption in his blood, the remission of sins ? diffusing his Spirit through the souls of believers, and Knowest thou not these things ? Then, may God pity, encleansing the very thoughts of their hearts by his inspira- lighten, and save thee! tion, and causing them to perfect holiness in the fear of

NOTES ON CHAPTER XXXV. God. The one seems to shut heaven against mankind, Verse 1. And Moses gathered] The principal subjects because by the law was the knowledge, not the cure of in this chapter have been already largely considered in SIN; the other opens the kingdom of heaven to all believ- the notes on chapters xxv. xxvi. xxvii. xxviii. xxix. XXX.

The former was a ministration of death; the latter a and xxxi. and to those the reader is particularly disired to dispensation of life. The former ministered terror, so that refer, together with the parallel texts in the margin. even the high priest was afraid to approach, the people Verse 3. Ye shall kindle no fire) The Jews understand withdrew and stood afar off, and even Moses, the mediator this precept as forbidding the kindling of fire, only for the of it, exceedingly feared and trembled; by the latter we purpose of doing work or dressing victuals; but to give have boldness to enter into the holiest through the blood them light and heat, they judge it lawful to light a fire on of Jesus, who is the end of the law for righteousness, jus. the sabbath-day; though themselves rarely kindle it: they tification, to every one that believeth. The former gives get Christians to do this work for them. a partial view of the divine nature; the latter shows God Verse 5. An offering] A terumah or heave-offering, As he is,

see Lev. vii. 1, &c. "Fall orbid la his whole roand of rays complele.”

Verses 5 and 6. See on these metals and colours, chap. The apostle farther considers the veil on the face of xxv. 3, 4, &c. Moses, as being emblematical of the metaphorical nature Verse 7. Rams' skins, &c.] See ch. xxv. 5. of the different rites and ceremonies of the Mosaic dispen Verse 8. Oil for the light) See ch. xxv. 6. sation, each covering, some spiritual meaning, or Verse 9. Onyx stones) See ch. xxv. 7. spiritual subject; and that the Jews did not lift the veil to Verse 11. The tabernacle). See ch. xxv. 8. penetrate the spiritual sense, and did not look to the end Verse 12. The ark] See ch. xxv. 10–17. of the commandment, which was to be abolished ; but Verse 13. The table) See ch. xxv. 23—28. rested in the letter, or literal meaning, which conferred Verse 14. The candlestick] See ch. xxv. 31–39. peither light nor life.

Verse 15. The incense aliar] The golden altar, seo He considers the veil also as being emblematical of thatch. xxx. 1-10. state of intellectual darkness into which the Jewish peo Verse 16. The altar of burnt-offering] The brazen ple, by their rejection of the Gospel, were plunged, and I altar, ses chap. xxvii. 1—8.


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and their sockets, and the hanging for the door 29 The children of Israel brought a "willing of the court;

offering unto the LORD, every man and woman, 18 The pins of the tabernacle, and the pins of whose heart made them willing to bring for all the court, and their cords;

manner of work, which the LORD had command19 . The clothes of service, to do service in ed to be made by the hand of Moses. the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the 30 1 And Moses said unto the children of Ispriest, and the garments of his sons, to minister rael, See, * the Lord hath called by name Bein the priest's office.

zaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the 20 And all the congregation of the children tribe of Judah; of Israel departed from the presence of Moses. 31 And he hath filled him with the spirit of

21 And they came, every one whose heart God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowstirred him up, and every one whom his spirit ledge, and in all manner of workmanship: made willing, and they brought the LORD's 32 And to devise curious works, to work in offering to the work of the tabernacle of the gold, and in silver, and in brass, congregation, and for all his service, and for the 33 And in the cutting of stones, to set them, holy garments.

and in carving of wood, to make any manner of 22 And they came, both men and women, as cunning work. many, as

were willing-hearted, and brought 34 And he hath put in his heart that he may bracelets, and ear-rings, and rings, and tablets, teach, both he, andy Aholiab, the son of Ahisaall jewels of gold: and every man that offered, mach, of the tribe of Dan: offered an offering of gold unto the LORD.

35 Them hath he filled with wisdom of 23 And every man, with whom was found heart, to work all manner of work, of' the enblue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and graver, and of the cunning workman, and of the goats' hair, and red skins of rams, and badgers' embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, skins, brought them.

and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of 24 Every one that did offer an offering of sil- them that do any work, and of those that devise ver and brass, brought the LORD's offering: and cunning work. every man, with whom was found shittim wood for any work of the service, brought it.

CHAPTER XXXVI. 25 And all the women that were i wise- Moses appoints Bezaleel, Aholiah, and their associates, to the work, and delivery

to them the free-will offerings of the people, 1-3. The people bring offerings hearted did spin with their hands, and brought more than are needed for the work, and are only restrained by the proclamation that which they had spun, both of blue, and of

of Mosts, 4—7. The curtains, their loops, taches, &c. for the tabernacle, 8-18.

The covering for the tent, 19. The boards, 20–30. The bars, 31-34. The veil purple, and of scarlet, and of fine linen.

and its pillars, 35, 36. The hangings and their pillars, 37, 38. 26 And all the women whose heart stirred WHEN wrought Bezaleel and Ahothem up in wisdom, spun goats' hair.

and every * wise-hearted An. Exol.ler. 1. 27 And the rulers brought onyx stones, and man, in whom the LORD put wisdom Tiori 10 Adar. stones to be set, for the ephod, and for the and understanding, to know how to work all breastplate;

manner of work for the service of the

sanc28 And spice, and oil for the light, and for tuary, according to all that the Lord had comthe anointing oil, and for the sweet incense. manded. 4 Ch. 31. 10. & 39. 1, 41. Numb. 4. 5, 6, &c.-r Ver. 5, 22, 23, 29. Ch 25. 2. & 36.

6. Isai. 28. 21, 29.-2 Ver. 31. Ch. 31. 3, 6. 1 Kings 7. 14. 2 Chron. 2 14. Isai. 28. 2. + Ch. 23. 3. & 31. && 36. 1. 2 Kings 23. 7. Prov. 31. 19, 22, 2.- 1 Chron. 29. 6. a Ch. 2. 3. & 31. 6. & 35. 10, 35.- Ch.25 8.

Verse 17. The hangings of the court) Exod. xxvii. 9. stones, and other stones, the names of which are not here

Verse 19. The clothes of service) Probably aprons, mentioned. They must also have brought looms, spintowels, and such like, used in the common service, and ning-wheels, instruments for cutting precious stones, andifferent from the vestments for Aaron and his sons. See vils, hammers, furnaces, melting-pots, with a vast variety these latter described, chap. xxviii, 1, &c.

of tools for the different artists employed on the work of the Verse 21. Every one iphose heart stirred him up] tabernacle, viz. smiths, joiners, carvers, gilders, &c. &c. Literally, whose heart was lifted up, whose affections 2. God could have erected his tabernacle without the were set on the work, being cordially engaged in the ser- help or skill of man: but he condescended to employ him. vice of God.

As all are interested in the worship of God, so all should Verse 22. As many as were willing-hearted] For no bear a part in it; here God employs the whole congregaone was forced to lend his help in this sacred work; all tion; every male and female, with even their sons and was a free-will offering to the Lord.

their daughters, and the very ornaments of their persons, Bracelets, nn chach, whatever hooks together, orna are given to raise and adorn the house of God. The ments for the wrists, arms, legs, or neck.

women who had not ornaments, and could neither give Ear-rings, or nezem, see this explained Gen. xxiv. 22. gold nor silver, could spin goats' hair, and the Lord gra

Rings, nysy, tabbaâth, from you tabâ, to penetrate, ciously employs them in this work, and accepts what they enter into, probably rings for the fingers.

can give and what they can do, for they did it with a willTablets, in, cumaz, a word only used here and in ing mind; they were wise of heart, had Icarned a useful Numb. xxxi. 50. supposed to be a girdle to support the business, their hearts were lifted up in the work, ver. 21. breasts.

and all felt it a high privilege to be able to put only a nail Verse 25. All the women that were wise-hearted did in the holy place. By the free-will offerings of the people, spin) They had before learned this art, they were wise the tabernacle was erected, and all the costly utensils behearted, and now they practise is and God condescends to longing to it provided. This was the primitive mode of require and accept their services. In building this house providing proper places for divine worship; and as it was of God all were ambitious to do something, by which the primitive, so it is the most rational mode. Taxes they might testify their piety to God, and their love for his levied by law, for building or repairing churches, were not worship

known in the ancient times of religious simplicity. It is Verse 27. The rulers brought onyx stones] These an honour to be permitted to do any thing for the support being persons of consequence, might be naturally expected of public worship: and he must have a strange, unfeeling, to furnish the more scarce and costly articles. See how and ungodly heart, who does not esteem it a high privilege all join in this service! The men worked and brought to have a stone of his own laying or procuring in the offerings, the women spun and brought their ornaments, house of God. How easily might all the buildings necesthe rulers united with them, and delivered up ther jewels sary for the purpose of public worship be raised, if the and all the children of Israel brought a willing offering money that is spent in needless self-indulgence by our. unto the Lord.

selves, our sons, and our daughters, were devoted to this Verse 30. The Lord hath called by name Bezaleel] purpose! By sacrifices of this kind the house of the Lord See this subject discussed at large in the note on chap. I would be soon built, and the top-stone brought on with xxxi. 3.

shouting grace! grace! unto it. 1. From the nature of the offerings made for the service

NOTES ON CHAPTER XXXVI. of the tabernacle, we see of what sort the spoils were Verse 1. Then wrought, &c.] The first verse of this which the Israelites brought out of Egypt, gold, silver, chapter should end the preceding chapter ; and this should brass, blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, rams skins dyed begin with verse the sccond: as it now stands, it does not red, what we call badgers" kins, oil, spices, incense, oynx I make a very consistent

sense. By reading the first word

Ezra 2. 68 - Ch. 30. 23-W Ver. 21. 1 Chron 29. 9.- Ch. 31. 2, &c.-y Ch. 31.

L'i Chron 22, 9. & 29. 9. Errn 7. 27. 2 Cor. 8. 12. & 9.7.-21 Chron. 23.8.

2 And Moees called Bezaleel and Aholiab, most edge of the curtain, in the coupling, and and every wise-hearted man, in whose heart the fifty loops made he upon the edge of the curtain Lord had put wisdom, even every one whose which coupleth the second. heart stirred him up to come unto the work to 18 And he made fifty taches of brass, to coudo it:

ple the tent together, that it might be one. 3 And they received of Moses all the offering 19 1 And he made a covering for the tent which the children of Israel had brought for of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering of the work of the service of the sanctuary, to badgers' skins above that. make it withal. And they brought yet unto him 20 k And he made boards for the tabernafree offerings every morning.

cle of shittim wood standing up. 4 | And all the wise men, that wrought all 21 The length of a board was ten cubits, and the work of the sanctuary, came every man the breadth of a board one cubit and a half. from his work which they made;

22 One board had two tenons, equally distant 5 And they spake unto Moses, saying, The one from another : thus did he make for all the people bring much more than enough for the boards of the tabernacle. service of the work, which the LORD command 23 And he made boards for the tabernacle; ed to make.

twenty boards for the south side southward : 6 And Moses gave commandment, and they 24 And forty sockets of silver he made under caused it to be proclaimed throughout the camp, the twenty boards; two sockets under one board saying, Let neither man nor woman make any for his two tenons, and two sockets under more work for the offering of the sanctuary. So another board for his two tenons. the people were restrained from bringing. 25 And for the other side of the tabernacle,

7 For the stuff they had was sufficient for all which is toward the north corner, he made the work to make it, and too much.

twenty boards. 81' And every wise-hearted man among 26 And their forty sockets of silver; two them that wrought the work of the tabernacle, sockets under one board, and two sockets under made ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, another board. and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cun 27 And for the sides of the tabernacle westning work made he them.

ward, he made six boards. 9°The length of one curtain was twenty and 28 And two boards made he for the corners eight cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four of the tabernacle in the two sides. cubits: the curtains were all of one size.

29 And they were Icoupled beneath, and 10 And he coupled the five curtains one unto coupled together at the head thereof, to one another: and the other five curtains he coupled ring: thus he did to both of them, in both the one unto another.

11 And he made loops of blue on the edge of 30 And there were eight boards; and their one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling: sockets were sixteen sockets of silver, * under likewise he made in the uttermost side of an- every board two sockets. other curtain, in the coupling of the second. 31° | And he made bars of shittim wood;

12 : Fifty loops made he in one curtain, and five for the boards of the one side of the taber fifty loops made he in the edge of the curtain nacle, which was in the coupling of the second: the 32 'And five bars for the boards of the other loops held one curtain to another.

side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the 13 And he made fifty taches of gold, and boards of the tabernacle for the sides westward. coupled the curtains one unto another with the 33 And he made the middle bar to shoot taches: so it became one tabernacle.

through the boards from the one end to the 14 And he made curtains of goats' hair other. for the tent over the tabernacle: eleven curtains 34 And he overlaid the boards with gold, and he made them.

made their rings of gold to be places for the 15 The length of one curtain was thirty cu- bars, and overlaid the bars with gold. bits, and four cubits was the breadth of one cur 35' | And he made • a veil of blue, and purtain: the eleven curtains were of one size. ple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: with

16 And he coupled five curtains by them- cherubims made he it of cunning work. selves, and six curtains by themselves.

36 And he made thereunto four pillars of 17 And he made fifty loops upon the utter- shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold:


e Ch 35.2, 26. I Chron. 23. 5-d Ch 35. 27.- 2 Cor.-8. 2, 3.- Ch. 26. 1.-g Ch.

2. 5-0 Ch. B. 1– Ch. 3. 4.–k Ch. 6. 15.

1 Heb. twined.-m Heb. two sockets, tro sockets under one board.-a CL **

26.-0 Ch. 28. 31.

nwy), veâ sah, then wrought, in the future tense, instead where all forms of religion, and modes of worship, are of the past, the proper connexion will be preserved; for tolerated by the laws, it would be well to find out some all grammarians know that the conjunction i vau, is often less exceptionable way of providing for the national clergy conversive; i. e. it turns the preter tense of those verbs to than by tithes. Let them by all means have the provision which it is prefixed, into the future, and the future into allowed them by the law; but let them not be needlessly the preter: this power it evidently has here; and joined exposed to the resentment of the people, by the mode in with the last verse of the preceding chapter, the connexion which this provision is made, as this often alienates the will appear thus : chap. xxxv. ver. 30, &c. The Lord affections of their flocks from them, and exceedingly inhath called by name Bezaleel and Aholiab; them hath jures their usefulness, he filled with wisdom of heart to work all manner of Verse 8. Cherubim of cunning work] See on chap. xxvi. work, chap. xxxvi. ver. 1. And Bezaleel and Aholiab ver. 18. Probably the word means no more than figures SHALL WORK, and every wise-hearted man, in'whom the of any kind, wrought in the diaper fashion, in the loom, Lord put wisdom.

or by the needle in embroidery, or by the chisel or gratVerse 5. The people bring much more than enough) ing-tool

, in wood, stone, or metal, see on chap. xxv. 19. With what a liberal spirit do these people bring their free- This meaning Houbigant and other excellent critics conwill offerings unto the Lord! Moses is obliged to make a tend for. In some places the word seems to be restricted proclamation to prevent them from bringing any more, as to express a particular figure then well known; but in there was at present more than enough! Had Moses been many other places it seems to imply any kind of figure intent upon gain, and had he not been perfectly disinter- commonly formed by sculpture on stone, by carving on ested, he would have encouraged the to continue their wood, by engraving upon brass, and by weaving in the contributions, as thereby he might have multiplied to him- loom, &c. self gold, silver, and precious stones. But he was doing Verse 9. The length of one curtain] Concerning these the Lord's work, under the inspiration of the divine Spirit

, curtains, see chap. xxvi. 1, &c. and therefore he sought no secular gain. Indeed this one Verse 20. And he made boards) See the notes on circumstance is an ample proof of it.-Every thing neces- chap xxvi. 15, &c. sary for the worship of God will be cheerfully provided Verse 31. He made bars). See on chap xxvi. 26, &c. by a people whose hearts are in that worship. In a state Verse 36. He made a deil) See on chap. xxvi. 31, &c.

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