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but a scab: and he & shall wash his clothes, and 22 And if it spread much abroad in the skin, be clean.
then the priest shall pronounce him unclean: it 7 But if the scab spread much abroad in the is a plague. skin, after that he hath been seen of the priest 23 But if the bright spot stay in his place, and for his cleansing, he shall be seen of the priest spread not, it is a burning bile: and the priest again:
shall pronounce him clean. 8 And if the priest see that, behold, the scab 24 T Or if there be any flesh, in the skin, spreadeth in the skin, then the priest shall pro- whereof there is a hot burning, and the quick nounce him unclean: it is a leprosy.
flesh that burneth have a white bright spot, 9 [ When the plague of leprosy is in a man, somewhat reddish or white;, then he shall be brought unto the priest;
25 Then the priest shall look upon it: and, 10 1 And the priest shall see him: and behold, behold, if the hair in the bright spot be turned if the rising be white in the skin, and it have white, and it be in sight deeper than the skin; turned the hair white, and there be m quick raw it is a leprosy broken out of the burning : whereflesh in the rising;
fore the priest shall pronounce him unclean: it 11 It is an old leprosy in the skin of his flesh, is the plague of leprosy, and the priest shall pronounce him unclean, and 26 But if the priest look on it, and, behold, shall not shut him up: for he is unclean.
there be no white hair in the bright spot, and it be 12 And if a leprosy break out abroad in the no lower than the other skin, but be somewhat skin, and the leprosy cover all the skin of him dark; then the priest shall shut him up seven that hath the plague, from his head even to his days: foot, wheresoever the priest looketh;
27 And the priest shall look upon him the 13 Then the priest shall consider: and, be- seventh day; and if it be spread much abroad hold, if the leprosy hath covered all his flesh, in the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him he shall pronounce him clean that hath the unclean: it is the plague of leprosy. plague: it is all turned white: he is clean. 28 And if the bright spot stay in his place, and
14 But when raw flesh appeareth in him, he spread not in the skin, but it be somewhat dark; shall be unclean.
it is a rising of the burning, and the priest shall 15 And the priest shall see the raw flesh, and pronounce him clean: for it is an inflammation pronounce him to be unclean: for the raw flesh of the burning. is unclean: it is a leprosy.
29 | If a man or woman have a plague upon 16 Or if the raw flesh turn again, and be the head or the beard; chănged unto white, he shall come unto the 30 Then the priest shall see the plague: and, priest;
behold, if it be in sight deeper than the skin; and 17 And the priest shall see him: and, behold, there be in it a yellow thin hair; then the priest if the plague be turned into white; then the shall pronounce him unclean: it is a dry scall, priest shall pronounce him clean that hath the even a leprosy upon the head or beard. plague: he is clean.
31 And if the priest look on the plague of the 18 | The flesh also, in which, even in the skin scall, and, behold, it be not in sight deeper than thereof, was a bile, and is healed,
the skin, and that there is no black hair in it; 19 And in the place of the bile there be a then the priest shall shut up him that hath thé white rising, or a bright spot, white, and some plague of the scall seven days: what reddish, and it be showed to the priest; 32 And in the seventh day the priest shall
20 And if, when the priest seeth it, behold, it look on the plague: and, behold, if the scall be in sight lower than the skin, and the hair spread not, and there be in it no yellow hair, and thereof be turned white; the priest shall pro- the scall be not in sight deeper than the skin; nounce him unclean: it is a plague of leprosy 33 He shall be shaven, but the scall shall 'he broken out of the bile.
not shave; and the priest shall shut up him that 21 But if the priest look on it, and, behold, hath the scall seven days more: there be no white hairs therein, and if it be not 34 And in the seventh day the priest shall lower than the skin, but be somewhat dark; look on the scall: and, behold, if the scall be not then the priest shall shut him up seven days: spread in the skin, nor be in sight deeper than
* Ch 11. 3. & 14. 8.–1 Numb. 12. 10, 12 2 Kings 5. 27. 2 Chron. 28. 20. m Heb. the quickening of living flesh.-n Exod. 9.9.-. Heb. a burning Are declared the man clean or unclean, according to signs well surface was perfectly dry, the absorbent vessels of another known, and infallible. The disciples, or ministers of person coming in contact with the diseased man could Christ, bind or loose, declare to be fit or unfit for church- imbibe nothing; and therefore there was comparatively no fellowship, according to unequivocal evidences of inno- danger of infection. Hence that species, or stage, of the cence or guilt. In the former case, the priest declared the disease that exhibited the quick raw rising, was capable person fit or unfit for civil society; in the latter, the minis- of conveying the infection, for the reasons already assignters of Christ declare the person against whom the sus-ed, when the other was not. Dr. Mead thus accounts
for picion of guilt is laid, fit or unfit for continued association the circumstance mentioned in the text. As the leprosy with the church of God. The office was the same in both, infected bodies, clothes, and even the walls of houses, is it a declaration of the truth, not from any power that they not rational to suppose that it was occasioned by a species possessed of cleansing or polluting, of binding or of of animalculæ or vermin, burrowing under the skin? Of loosing ; but by the knowledge they gained from the in- this opinion there are some learned supporters. fallible signs and evidences produced on the respective Verse 18. In the skin thereof, was a bile) Scheuchzer
supposes this and the following verse to speak of phleg. Verse 13. If the leprosy have covered all his flesh, he monic, erysipelatous, gangrenous, and phagedenic ulcers, shall pronounce him clean] Why is it that the partial all of which were subjected to the examination of the leper was pronounced unclean, and the person totally priest, to see whether they were infectious, or whether the covered with the disease clean? This was probably leprosy might not take its origin from them. A person owing to a different species, or stage, of the disease: the with any sore, or disposition to contagion, was more likely partial disease was contagious: the total not contagious. to catch the infection by contact with the diseased person, That there are two different species, or degrees of the than he was, whose skin was whole and sound, and his same disease, described here, is sufficiently evident. In habit good. one, the body was all covered with a white enamelled scurf: Verse 29. A plague upon the head or the beard] This in the other there was a quick raw flesh in the risings. refers to a disease, in which, according to the Jews, the On this account the one might be deemed unclean, i. e. hair either on the head or the chin, dropped out by the contagious; the other not: for contact with the quick raw Aceh would be more likely to communicate the disease, Verse 33. The scall shall he not shave) Lest the place than the touch of the hard dry scurf. The ichor proceed should be irritated and inflamed, which, assuming in coning from the former, when brought into contact with the sequence, other appearances, besides those of a leprous inAlcsh of another, would soon be taken into the constitution fection, the priest might not be able to form an accurate by means of the absorbent ressels : but where the whole l judgment.
the skin; then the priest shall pronounce him 48 Whether it be in the warp, or woof; of clean: and he shall wash his clothes, and be linen, or of woollen; whether in a skin, or in clean.
any · thing made of skin ; 35 But if the scall spread much in the skin 49 And if the plague be greenish or reddish after his cleansing ;
in the garment, or in the skin, either in the warp, 36 Then the priest shall look on him: and, or in the woof, or in any u thing of skin; it is a behold, if the scall be spread in the skin, the plague of leprosy, and shall be showed unto the priest shall not seek for yellow hair: he is un- priest : clean.
50 And the priest shall-look upon the plague, 37 But if the scall be in his sight at a stay, and shut up it that hath the plague seven days: and that there is black hair grown up therein ; 51 And he shall look on the plague on the the scall is healed, he is clean: and the priest seventh day; if the plague be spread in the garshall pronounce him clean.
ment, either in the warp, or in the woof, or in 38 | If a man also or a woman have in the the skin, or in any work that is made of skin; skin of their flesh bright spots, even white bright the plague is a fretting leprosy ; it is unclean. spots;
52' He shall therefore burn that garment, 39 Then the priest shall look; and, behold, if whether warp or woof, in woollen or in linen, or the bright spots in the skin of their flesh' be any thing of skin, wherein the plague is: for it darkish white; it is a freckled spot, that groweth is a fretting leprosy: it shall be burnt in the fire. in the skin; he is clean.
53 And if the priest shall look, and, behold, 40 And the man whose P hair is fallen off his the plague be not spread in the garment, neither head, he is bald ; yet is he clean.
in the warp, or in the woof, or in any thing of 41 And he that hath his hair fallen off from skin; the part of his head toward his face, he is fore 54 Then the priest shall command that they head bald; yet is he clean.
wash the thing wherein the plague is, and he 42 And if there be in the bald head, or bald shall shut it up seven days more: forehead, a white reddish sore; it is a leprosy 55 And the priest shall look on the plague, sprung up in his bald
head, or his bald forehead. after that it is washed ; and, behold, if the plague 43 Then the priest shall look upon it; and, have not changed his colour, and the plague be behold, if the rising of the sore be white red- not spread; it is unclean; thou shalt burn it in dish in his bald head, or in his bald forehead, as the fire; it is fret inward, w whether it be bare the leprosy appeareth in the skin of the flesh; within or without.
44 He is a leprous man, he is unclean: the 56 And if the priest look, and, behold, the priest shall pronounce him utterly unclean; his plague be somewhat dark after the washing of plague is in his head.
it; then he shall rend it out of the garment, or out 45 And the leper in whom the plague is, his of the skin, or out of the warp, or out of the clothes shall be rent, and his head bare, and he woof: shall 9 put a covering upon his upper lip, and 57 And if it appear still in the garment, either shall cry, Unclean, unclean,
in the warp, or in the woof, or in any thing of 46. All the days wherein the plague shall be skin; it is a spreading plague: thou shalt burn in him he shall' be defiled; he is unclean: he that wherein the plague is with fire. shall dwell alone; without the camp shall his 58 And the garment, either warp, or woof, or habitation be.
whatsoever thing of skin it be, which thou shalt 47 | The garment also that the plague of wash, if the plague be departed from them, leprosy is in, whether it be a woollen garment, - then it shall be washed the second time, and or a linen garment;
shall be clean.
p Heb. head is pilled.- Exod. 24.17, 22. Mic. 3.7.- Lam. 4. 15.- Numb. 5. 2 & 12. 14.2 Kings 7. 3. & 15.5. 2 Chron. 26. 21. Luke 17. 12- Heb. work of. u Heb. teszel, or, instrument.
Ch. 14. 44.-Heb. whether it be bald in the head thereof, or in the fore head, thereof.--2 Kings 5. 10, 14. Psa. 51. 2 Acts 2. 16. 2 Cor. 7. 1 Res. l. 5-7, 14.
Verse 45. His clothes shall be rent, &c.] The leprous Verse 58. It shall be washed the second time) Accordperson is required to be as one that mourned for the dead, ing to the Jews, the first washing was to put away the or for some great and public calamity. He was to have plague; the second to cleanse it. his clothes rent in token of extreme sorrow, his head was Both among Jews and Gentiles, the leprosy has been to be made bare, the ordinary bonnet or turband being considered as a most expressive emblem of sin, the proomitted, and to have a covering upon his upper lip, his perties and circumstances of the one, pointing out those jaws being tied up with a linen cloth, after the same man of the other. The similitude or parallel has been usually ner in which the Jews bind up the dead; which custom is run in the following manner : still observed among the Jews in Barbary, on funeral oc 1. The leprosy began with a spot; a simple hidden incasions. A custom which, from Ezek. xxiv. 17. we learn, fection being the cause. had prevailed very anciently among the Jews in Pales 2. This spot was very conspicuous, and argued the tine. He was also to cry unclean, unclean, in order to source whence it proceeded. prevent any person from coming near him, lest the conta 3. It was of a diffusive nature, soon spreading over the gion might be thus communicated and diffused through whole body. society : and hence the Targumist renders it, Be not ye 4. It communicated its infectious nature not only to the made' unclean! Be not ye made unclean! A caution to whole of the person's body, but also to his clothes and others not to come near him.
habitation. Verse 47. The garment also] The whole account here 5. It rendered the infected person loathsome, unfit for, seems to intimate that the garment was fretted by this and dangerous to society, because of its infectious nature. contagion; and hence it is likely that it was occasioned 6. The person infected was obliged to be separated from by a species of small animals, which we know to be the society, both religious and civil; to dwell by himself cause of the itch; these, by breeding in the garments, without the camp or city : and hold commerce with none. must necessarily multiply their kind; and frei the gar 7. He was obliged to proclaim his own uncleanness, ments, i. e. corrode a portion of the finer parts, after the publicly acknowledge his defilement, and sensible of his manner of moths, for their nourishment. See ver. 52. plague, continue humbled and abased before God and man.
Verse 52. He shall therefore burn that garment] There How expressive all these are of the nature of sin, and the being scarcely any means of radically curing the infection. state of a sinner, a spiritual mind will at once perceive. It is well known that the garments infected by the psora, 1. The original infection or corruption of nature, is. or itch animal, have been known to communicate the dis- the grand hidden cause, source, and spring of all transease, even six or seven years after the first infection. This gression. has been also experienced by the sorters of rags, at some 2. Iniquity is a seed that has its growth, gradual inpaper-mills.
crease, and perfection. As the various powers of the mind Verse 54. Hc shall shul il up seven days more] To give are developed, so it diffuses itself, infecting every passion time for the spreading of the contagion, if it did exist and appetite, through their whole extent and operation. there ; that there might be the most unequivocal marks 3. As it spreads in the mind, so it diffuses itself and proofs, that the garment was or was not infected. through the life; every action partaking of its influence,
59 This is the law of the plague of leprosy 5 And the priest shall command that one of in a garment of woollen or linen, either in the the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over warp, or woof, or any thing of skins, to pro- running water. nounce it clean, or to pronounce it unclean. 6 As for the living bird, he shall take it, and CHAPTER XIV.
the cedar wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, Introduction to the sacrifices anni ceremonies to be need in cleansing the leper, 1-3
and shall dip them and the living bird in the Two lieing birds, celar wood, scart, and hyssop, to le trought for him who blood of the bird that was killed over the runce lar word, marki, anthip, ko te flipinal in the blow, and to be aprinklel un ning water; kim who had been a win the lepruny, 6, 7; after which he was wash his
7 And he shall é sprinkle upon him that is to eletbes, shave lis heut, ese-law, harini, &c. breathe himsoll, Larry abroad seren duys, 3, 9; on the riguth day, in most bring two lotamia, vue moolam'), a truth be cleansed from the leprosy e seven times, and was to priokle both lot in worland vil on the person to be clea 2100), 14--10. The one ing bird loose ' into the open field. oferint, was ferice, and singlering, ktore the Lord, 11-13 Alterward, tw shall pronounce him clean; and shall let the livmert marte by these offerings, 19,3). bour and oil, 123 turu-doces, or young pigeor, were only repaired, 21, 22 8 And he that is to be cleansed shall wash Then to be presel, an I the otan vil applied as lafüre, 2_31. onial wees rehause in house infected by the upriy, 33- 4An atonement to be
his clothes, and shave off all his hair, hand ina ke in urber lo cruise the house, similar to that nude for the healed leper, 19--53
wash himself in water, that he may be clean: A summary of this and the prereling chapter, relative to leprona per:ons garntenta,
and houses, 51-5. The end for which the different laws were given, 57. and after that he shall come into the camp, and An. Exod. Isr. 2
ND the LORD spake unto Moses, i shall tarry abroad out of his tent seven days. Abib Nisan. saying,
9 But it shall be on the seventh day, that he 2 | This shall be the law of the leper in the shall shave all his hair off his head and his day of his cleansing: He shall be brought unto beard and his eyebrows, even all his hair he the priest;
shall shave off: and he shall wash his clothes; 3 And the priest shall go forth out of the also he shall wash his fesh in water, and he camp; and the priest shall look, and behold, if shall be clean. the plague of leprosy be healed in the leper; 10 And on the eighth day k he shall take two
4 Then shall the priest command to take for he-lambs without blemish, and one ewe-lamb him that is to be cleansed, two y birds alive and of the first year without blemish, and three clean, and cedar wood, and, a scarlet, and tenth deals of fine four for ma meat offering, • hyssop:
mingled with oil, and one log of oil. » Mast & 2, 1. Mark 1. 40, 41. Luke 5. 12, 14. & 17. 14.-y Or, spartour. g Ch. 13. 6.-h Ch. II. 25.-i Numb. 12 15.- Matt 8 4 • Numb. 19. 6-a Heb. 9. 19.-b Pal 51. 7.-c Heb. 9. 13.-€ 2 Kings 5. 19, 14. 5. 14. -- lieb. the daughter of her year.-In Ch. 2 1. Numb. 15. 4, 15. ( led upon the face of the fields
Mark 1. 44.
till the whole conduct becomes a tissue of transgression ; wards, in order to be dipped in the blood of the bird that because every imagination of the thoughts of a sinner's had been killed. The whole of this made an instrument heart is only evil continually, Gen. vi. This is the natural for the gprinkling of this blood, and when this business state of man.
was done, the living bird was let loose, and permitted to 4. As a sinner is infected, so is he infectious ; hy his go whithersoever it would. In this ceremony, according precept and example, he spreads the infernal contagion to some rabbins, “the living bird signified that the dead wherever he goes; joining with the multitude to do evil, flesh of the leper was restored to soundness--the cedar slrengthening and being strengthened in the ways of sin rood, which is not easily corrupted, that he was healed of and death; and becoming, especially, a snare and a curse his putrefaction. The scarlet thread, wool, or fillet, that to his own household.
he was restored to his good complexion; and the hyssop, 5. That a sinner is abominable in the sight of God, and which was purgative and odoriferous, that the disease was of all good men, that he is unfit for the society of the completely removed, and the bad scent that accompanied righteous, and that he cannot, as such, be admitted into the it, entirely gone." Ainsyrorth, Dodd, and others, have kingdom of God, need no proof.
given many of these rabbinical conceits. Of all these pu6. It is owing to the unircrsality of the evil, that sin- rifications, and their arcompanying circumstances, we may ners are not expelled from society as the most dangerous safely say, because authorized by the New Testament so to of all monsters; and obliged to live without having any do, ihat they pointed out the purification of the soul, commerce with their fellow-creatures. Ten lepers could through the atonement and Spirit of Christ; but to run associate together, because partaking of the same infee- analogies between the type and the thing typified, is diffition: and civil society is generally maintained, because cult and precarious. The general meaning and design composed of a leprous community.
we sufficiently understand; the particulars are not readily 7. He that wishes to be saved from his sine, must hum-ascerininable, and consequently of little importance; had ble himself before God and man, sensible of his own sore they been otherwise, they would have been pointed out. and the plague of his heart; confess his transgressions, Verse 5. Orer running water] Literally, liring, that is, look to God for a cure, from whom alone it can be receiv- spring water. 'ihe nenning appears to be this; some ed ; and bring that sacrifice, hy which alone the guilt can water (about a quarter of a log, an egg shell and half be taken away, and his soul be purified from all unrighi full, according to the rabbins,) was taken from a spring, eousness. See the conclusion of the following chapter. and pill in a clean eurthern ressel, and they killed the bird
over this water, that the blood might drop into it and in NOTES ON CHAPTER XIV.
this blood and water niixer, they dipped the instrument Verse 3. The pricst shall go forth out of the camp] As the before describeil, and sprinkled it seven times upon the Ieper was separated from the people, and obliged, because of pereon who was to be cleansed. The liring or spring his uncleanness, to dwell wihout the camp, and could not irator was chosen, because it was purer than what was be admitted till the priest had declared that he was clean; taken from pita or wells, the latter being often in a putrid hence it was necessary that the priest should go out and or corrupt state; for, in a ceremony of purifying or cleansinspect him, and if healcı, offer for him the purifices re ing, every thing mus! be as pure and perfect as possible. quired, in order to his realmission to the camp. .. the Verse 7. Shail let the living bird loose] The Jews priest alope had an hority to declare a persou clean or un leach that vild birds were employed on this occasion ; no clean, it was necessary that the healed person should show tame or domestic animal was used. Mr. Ainsworth pihimself to the priest, that he might make a declaration ously conjectures, that the liring and dead birds were that he was clean and fit for civil and religious society, intended to represent the death and resurrection of Christ, without which, in no case, could he be almitted : hence by which an atonement was made to purify the soul from when Christ cleansed the lepers, Matt. viii. 2–4. he com iis spiritual leprosy. The bird let loose bears a near analogy manded them to go and show themselves to the priest, &c. to the scape-goal.-See chap. xvi.
Verse 4. Two birds alive and clean, &c.] Whether Verse 8. Shall shure of all his hair] That the water these birds were sparrors, or turtle doves, or pigeons, we by which he was to be washed, should reach every part know not; probably any kind of clean bird, or bird proper of his body, that he might be cleansed from whatever deto be eaten, might be used on this occasion; though it is filement might remain on any part of the surface of his more likely that turtle-dores or pigeons were emploved, body. The Egyptian priests shaved the whole body every because these appear to have been the only birds offered third day, to prevent all manner of defilement. in sacrifice. of the celar wood, hyssop, clean bird, and Verse 10. Tuo he-lambs] One for a tresspass-offering, scarlet wool or fillet, were made an uspergillum, or instru ver. 12. the other for a burnt-offering, ver. 19, 20. ment to sprinkle with. The cedar wood served for the One eve-lamb] This was for a sin-offering, ver. 19. handle, the hyssop and living bird were attached to it, by Three tenth deals! Three parts of an ephah, or three means of the scarlet wool or crimson filld. The bird was omers; see all these measures explained, Exod. xvi. 16. 80 bound to this handle, us that its tail should be down- | The three tenth deals of flour were for a minchah, mcat. VOL. I.-14
11 And the priest that maketh him clean 26 And the priest shall pour of the oil into the shall present the man that is to be made clean, palm of his own left hand; and those things, before the LORD, at the door 27 And the priest shall sprinkle with his right of the tabernacle of the congregation.
finger some of the oil that is in his left hand, 12 And the priest shall take one he-lamb, and seven times before the LORD. notler him for a trespass-offering, and the log 28 And the priest shall put of the oil that is in of oil, and wave them for a wave-offering be- his hand upon the tip of the right ear of him that fore the LORD.
is to be cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right 13 And he shall slay the lamb p in the place hand, and upon the great toe of his right foot, where he shall kill the sin-offering and the burnt- upon the place of the blood of the trespass-ofoffering, in the holy place: for 'as the sin-offer- | fering: ing is the priest's, so is the trespass-offering : 29 And the rest of the oil that is in the priest's rii is most holy.
hand, he shall put upon the head of him that is 14 And the priest shall take some of the blood to be cleansed, to make an atonement for him of the trespass-offering, and the priest shall before the Lord. put it upon the tip of the right ear of him that 30 And he shall offer the one of the turtleis to be cleansed, and upon the thumb of his doves, or of the young pigeons, such as he can right hand, and upon the great toe of his right get; foot:
31 Even such as he is able to get, the one for 15 And the priest shall take some of the log a sin-offering and the other for a burnt-offering of oil, and pour it into the palm of his own left with the meat-offering : and the priest shall make hand:
an atonement for him that is to be cleansed, be16 And the priest shall dip his right finger in fore the Lord. the oil that is in his left hand, and shall sprinkle 32 This is the law of him in whom is the plague of the oil with his finger seven times before the of leprosy, whose hand is not able to get LORD:
which pertaineth to his cleansing. 17 And of the rest of the oil that is in his 33 | And the LORD spake unto Moses and hand, shall the priest put upon the tip of the unto Aaron, saying, right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and upon 34 e When ye be come into the land of Cathe thumb of his right hand, and upon the great naan, which I give to you for a possession, and I toe of his right foot, upon the blood of the tres- put the plague of leprosy in a house of the land pass-oflering;
of your possession; 18 And the remnant of the oil that is in the 35 And he that owneth the house shall come priest's hand, he shall pour upon the head of him and tell the priest, saying, it seemeth to me there that is to be cleansed: " and the priest shall is as it were fa plague in the house. make an atonement for him before the LORD. 36 Then the priest shall command that they
19 And the priest shall offer the sin-offering, empty the house, before the priest go into it to and make an atonement for him that is to be see the plague, that all that is in the house cleansed from his uncleanness; and alterward he be not made unclean: and afterward the priest shall kill the burnt-offering ;
shall go in to see the house: 20 And the priest shall offer the burnt-offering 37 And he shall look on the plague, and behold, and the meat-offering upon the altar; and the if the plagge be in the walls of the house with priest shall make an atonement for him, and he hollow etrakes, greenish or reddish, which in shall be clean.
sight are lower than the wall; 21 And if he be poor, and w cannot get so 38 Then the priest shall go out of the house much, then he shall take one lamb for a trespass to the door of the house, and shut up the house offering x to be waved, to make an atonement seven days; for him, and one tenth deal of fine flour mingled 39 And the priest shall come again the seventh with oil for a meat-offering, and a log of oil. day, and shall look: and behold, if the plague
22 y And two turtle-doves, or two young pi-be spread in the walls of the house; geons, such as he is able to get; and the one shall 40 Then the priest shall command that they be a sin-offering, and the other a burnt-offering. take away the stones in which the plague is, and
23 2 And he shall bring them on the eighth day they shall cast them into an unclean place withfor his cleansing unto the priest, unto the door out the city. of the tabernacle of the congregation before the 41 And he shall cause the house to be scraped LORD.
within, round about, and they shall pour out the 24 « And the priest shall take the lamb of the dust that they scrape off, without the city, into trespass-offering, and the log of oil, and the priest an unclean place: shall wave them for a wave-offering before the 42 And they shall take other stones; and put LORD:
them in the place of those stones; and he shall 25 And he shall kill the lamb of the trespass-take other mortar, and shall plaster the house. offering, band the priest shall take some of the 43 And if the plague come again, and break blood of the trespass-offering, and put it upon out in the house, after that he hath taken away the tip of the right ear of him that is to be the stones, and after he hath scraped the house, cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and after it is plastered: and upon the great toe of his right foot:
44 Then the priest shall come and look, and
n Ch 5 2, 18. & 6.6, 7.-o Exol29. 21,-p Exod. 29. 11. Ch. 1. 5, 11 & 14, 24. 4 Ch.77 - Ch. 2 3. & 7. 6. & 21. 22-Exod. 29. 20. Ch. 8. 23. -- Ch. 1. 25. u Ch.5 1,6. & 12 7.--v Ch. 5. 7. & 128. --w lleb. his hand reach noi - Heb.
for a waring.-y Ch. 12. 8. & 15. 14, 15.-2 Ver. 11.-a Ver. 12-5 Ver 14 c Ver. 22. Ch. 15. 15.- Ver. 10.-e Gen. 17. 8. Nunb. 32. 22. Deut. 7. 1 & 32 49 (Psa. 91. 10. Prov. 3. 33. Zeph. 5 4-8 Or, prepare.
or gratitude-offering, ver. 20. The sin-offering was for person be poor, he must provide one lamb; this could not his impurity; the trespass-offering for his transgres be dispensed with : so every soul to whom the word of sion; and the gratilude-offering for his gracious cleans divine revelation comes, must bring that Lamb of God ing. These constituted the offering which each was or which takes away the sin of the world. There is no redered to bring to the priest ; see Mat. viii. 4.
demption but in this blood. Verse 12. Wave-offering) See Exod. xxix. 27. and Levit. Verse 34. When yo be come into the land and I put vii. where the reader will find an amp account of all the plague of sy) It was probably from this text that the various offerings and sacrifices used among the Jews. the leprosy has been generally considered to be a disease
Verse 14. On the tip of the right car, &c.] See the inflicted immediately by God himself; but it is well known note on Exod. xxix. 20.
that in Scripture, God is frequently represented as doing, Verse 21. And if he be poor-he shall take one lamb] what in the course of his providence, he only permits or There could be no cleansing without a sacrifice. On this suffers to be done. It is supposed that the infection of the ground the apostle has properly observed, that all things house, as well as of the person and the garments, prounder the law are purged with blood ; and that without ceeded from animalcula.–See the notes on chap. xiii. 47. shedding of blood there is no remission. Even if the and 52.
behold, if the plague be spread in the house, it 52 And he shall cleanse the house with the is a fretting leprosy in the house; it is unclean. blood of the bird, and with the running water,
45 And he shall break down the house, the and with the living bird, and with the cedar stones of it, and the timber thereof, and all the wood, and with the hyssop, and with the scarlet : mortar of the house; and he shall carry them 53 But he shall let go the living bird out of the forth out of the city, into an unclean place. city, into the open fields, and make an atone
46 Moreover he that goeth into the house all ment for the house: and it shall be clean. the while that it is shut up, shall be unclean until 54 This is the law for all manner of plague the even.
of leprosy, and mscall, 47 And he that lieth in the house shall wash 55' And for the " leprosy
a garment, and his clothes; and he that eateth in the house shall of a house, wash his clothes.
56 And 'n for a rising, and for a scab, and for 48 | And if the priest shall come in, and a bright spot: look upon il, and, behold, the plague hath not 57 To i teach ' when it is unclean, and when spread in the house, after the house was plaster- it is clean: this is the law of leprosy. ed: then the priest shall pronounce the house
CHAPTER XV. clean, because the plague is healed.
Laws concerning nucleanness of men, l--12 Mode of cleansing, 13.-15. Of un 49 And á he shall take to cleanse the house,
Laws concerning the uncleanness of
women, 19.-27. Mole of cleansing, 28--30. Recapitulation of the ordinances two birds, and cedarwood, and scarlet, and relative to the preceding cars, 31-33. hyssop:
ND the LORD spake unto Moses An ExodIgr. 2. 50 And he shall kill the one of the birds in an earthen vessel, over running water :
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say 51 And he shall take the cedar wood, and the unto them, When any man hath a ' running hyssop, and the scarlet, and the living bird, and issue out of his flesh, because of his issue he is dip them in the blood of the slain bird, and in unclean. the running water, and sprinkle the house seven 3 And this shall be his uncleanness in his times:
issue: whether his flesh run with his issue, or
cleanness, accidental and casual, 16-18.
A and the Aaron, saying
Abib or Nisan
h Ch. 13. 15. Zech. 5 4-1 Heb. in coming in shall come in, &c.-k Ver. 4. I Ver. M -- Ch. 13. 30-n Ch. 13. 47.-0 Ver. 31.-p Ch. 13. 2.- Deut. 24. 8. Ezek 11. 23.
r Heb. in the day of the unclean, and in the day of the clean -- Ch. 22. 4. Numb. 5.2 2 Sam 3. 2. Matt. 9. 20. Mark 5. 35. Luke & 43.-- Or, running of the reins.
Verse 45. He shall break down the house] “On the sus proof of his gratitude, and an evidence of his obedience. picion of a house being infected, the priest examined it, and When a sinner is restored to the divine favour, he ordered it to be shut up seven days: if he found the plague should offer continually the sacrifice of a grateful heart : or signs of the plague, (hollow streaks, greenish or red- and in willing obedience, show forth the virtues of Him dish) were not spread, he commanded it to be shut up who has called him from darkness and wretchedness, to Beven days more. On the thirteenth day he revisited it: marvellous light and happiness. and if he found the infected place dim, or gone away, he 5. Reader, such was the leprosy, its destructive nature look out that part of the wall
, carried it out to an unclean and consequences, and the means of removing it! such is place, mended the wall, and caused the whole house to be the spiritual evil represented by it
, such its consequences, new plastered. It was then shut up a third seven days, and such the means by which alone it can be removed. and he canne on the nineteenth, and if he found that the The disease of sin, inflicted by the devil, can only be plague was broken out anew, he ordered the house to be cured by the power of God. 1. Art thou a leper? Do the pulled down.”-See Ainsworth. From all this may we spots of this spiritual infection begin to appear on thee? not learn a lessen of instruction ? If the means made use 2. Art thou young, and only entering into the ways of the of by God and his ministers for the conversion of a sin- world and sin? Stop! bad habits are more easily conner he, through his wilful obstinacy, rendered of no avail- quered to-day, than they will be to-morrow. 3. Art thou if, by his evil practices he trample under foot the blood of stricken in years, and rooted in transgression? How the covenant wherewith he might have been sanctified, and kind is thy Maker to have preserved thee alive so long ! do despite to the Spirit of God, then God will pull down Turn from thy transgressions, humble thy soul before him, his house; dislodge his soul from its oarthly tabernacle, con confess thine iniquity, and implore forgiveness. Seek, sign the house, the body, to corruption, and the spirit to the and thou shalt find? Behold the Lamb of God, who perdition of ungodly men. Reader, see well how it stands taketh away the sin of the world! 4. Hast thou been with thy soul God is not mocked; what a man soweth cleansed, and hast not returned to give glory to God? that shall he reap.
Hast not continued in the truth, serving thy Maker and Verse 53. He shall let go the living bird] This might Saviour with a loving and obedient heart? How cutting as well be called the scape-bird, as the goat, in chap. xvi. is that word, Were there not ten cleansed, but where are is called the scape-goal. The rites are similar in both the NINE? Thou art probably one of them! Be concases, and probably had nearly the same meaning. founded at thy ingratitude, and distressed for thy back
We have already taken occasion to observe (see the end sliding, and apply a second time for the healing efficacy of the preceding chapter) that the leprosy was strongly of the great Atonement. Turn, thou backslider ! for he emblematical of sin; 10 which we may add here: is married unto thee, and will heal thy backslidings, and
1. That the leprosy was a disease generally acknow will love thee freely.' Amen. So be it, Lord Jesus ! ledged to be incurable by any human means; and therefore the Jews did not attempt to cure it. What is directed to
NOTES ON CHAPTER XV. be done here, was not in order to cure the leper, but to de. Verse 2. When any man halh a running issue] The clare him cured and fit for society.-In like manner the cases of natural uncleanness, both of men and women, contagion of sin, its guilt, and its power, can only be re mentioned in this chapter, taken in a theological point of moved by the hand of God; all means, without his espe- view, are not of such importance to us as to render a parcial influence, can be of no avail.
ticular description necessary, the letter of the text being, 2. The body must be sprinkled and washed, and a sacri- in general, plain enough. The disease mentioned in the fice offered for the sin of the soul, before the leper could be former part of this chapter, appears to some to have been declared to be clean.-To cleanse the spiritual leper, the either the consequence of a very had infection or of some Lamb of God must be slain, and the sprinkling of his criminal indulgence; for they find that it might be comblood be applied. Without the shedding of this blood there municated in a variety of ways, which they imagine are is no remission.
here distinctly specified. On this ground, the person was 3. When the leper was cleansed, he was obliged to show declared unclean, and all commerce and connexion with himself to the priest, whose province it was to pronounce him strictly forbidden. The Septuagint renders un him clean, and declare him fit for intercourse with civil ha-zab, the man with the issue, by ogoropeurs, the man and religious society.-When a sinner is converted from with a gonorrhæa, 110 less than nine times in this chapter; the error of his ways, it is the business, as it is the preroga- and thnt it means what, in the present day, is commonly tive of the ministers of Christ, after having duly ac understood by that disorder, taken not only in its mild, but quainted themselves with every circumstance, to declare in its worst sense, they think, there is little room to doubt. the person converted from sin' to holiness, to unite him Hence they infer, that a disease which is supposed to be with the people of God, and admit him to all the ordi- comparatively recent in Europe, has existed almost from nances which belong to the faithful.
time immemorial in the Asiatic countries; that it ever has 4. When a leper was cleansed, he was obliged by the been, in certain measures, what it is now; and that it ever law to offer a gift unto the Lord for his healing, as a musi be the effect of sensual indulgence, and illicit and