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22.2), 12-11

terity, 60.500, 26, 27

Dan

In this censtis or

40.

with they have beguiled you in the matter of of • Zephon, the family of the Zephonites: of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter Haggi, the family of the Haggites: of Shuni, of a prince of Midian, their sister, which was the family of the Shunites: slain in the day of the plague for Peor's sake. 16 Of • Ozni, the family of the Oznites: of CHAPTER XXVI.

Eri, the family of the Erites: Moses and Eleazar are cominanded to take the sum of the Israelites in the plains 17 Of P Arod, the family of the Arodites: of Mont), 1.- Reuben and his posterity, 43,70;

5. Simeon and his posterity, | Areli, the family of the Arelites. 76.500 19-22 1seachar anal his posterity, 61,300, 23.-25. Zebulun and he pos 18 These are the families of the children of

Manasser and his posterily, 32,700, 23-31. Ephrain and his posterity, 34,500,35 -37 Benjamin anl his posterity, 45,600, 36-41

Gad according to those that were numbered of and his posterity, 61.400, 12, 43. Asher and his posterity, 53,400, 44-17. Nagh them, forty thousand and five hundred. icli and his posterity, 61,100,48-50. Totai unout of the twelve tribes 601,730 51. The land in to he divuled by lot, and how, 52-56. The Levites and their families, 19 | The sons of Judah were Er and Onan: 57, 58. Their gerkaloxy, 59-61. Their number, 23,000, 62. enumeratiou, not one man was forud, kave Joshua and Caleb, of all wbo has been

and Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. reckoned 3 years before, the rest having die in the wilderness, 63-65.

20 And the sons of Judah after their families Ap Exod. lat.

ND it came to pass after the plague, were; of Shelah, the family of the Shelanites: and unto Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, rah, the family of the Zarhites. saving,

21 And the sons of Pharez were; of Hezron, 2 • Take the sum of all the congregation of the the family of the Hezronites: of Hamul the fachildren of Israel, from twenty years old and mily of the Hamulites. upward, throughout their father's house, all that 22 These are the families of Judah according are able to go to war in Israel.

to those that were numbered of them, three3 And Moses and Eleazar the priest spake score and sixteen thousand and five hundred. with them in the plains of Moab by Jordan, near 23 . Of the sons of Issachar after their faJericho, saying,

milies; of Tola, the family of the Tolaites: of 4 Take the sum of the people, from twenty u Pua, the family of the Punites: years old and upward; as the Lord commanded 24 Of Jashub, the family of the Jashubites : Moses and the children of Israel, which went of Shimron, the family of the Shimronites. forth out of the land of Egypt.

25 These are the families of Issachar accord5 1 • Reuben, the eldest son of Israel: the ing to those that were numbered of them, threechildren of Reuben; Hanoch, of whom cometh score and four thousand and three hundred. the family of the Hanochites: of Pallu, the fami 26 T w Of the sons of Zebulun after their ly of the Palluites:

families: of Sered, the family of the Sardites: 6 Of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Elon, the family of the Elonites: of Jahleel, of Carmi, the family of the Carmites.

the family of the Jahleelites. .7. These are the families of the Reubenites: 27 These are the families of the Zebulunites and they that were numbered of them were according to those that were numbered of them, forty and three thousand and seven hundred and threescore thousand and five hundred. thirty.

28 1 The sons of Joseph after their families 8 And the sons of Pallu; Eliab.

were Manasseh and Ephraim. 9 And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Da 29 Of the cons of Manasseh: of , Machir, than, and Abiram. This is that Dathan and the family of the Machirites: and Machir begat Abiram, which were ' famous in the congrega- Gilead: of Gilead come the family of the Giletion, who strove against Moses and against adites. Aaron in the company of Korah, when they 30 These are the sons of Gilead: of Jeezer, strove against the LORD:

the family of the Jeezerites: of Helek, the faa 10 5 And the earth opened her mouth, and mily of the Helekites; swallowed them up together with Korah, when 31 And of Asriel, the family of the Asrielthat company died, what time the fire devoured ites: and of Shechem, the family of the Shetwo hundred and fifty men: 5 and they became chemites: a sign.

32 And of Shemida, the family of the Shemi11 Notwithstanding the children of Korah daites: and of Hepher, the family of the Hedied not.

pherites. 12 | The sons of Simeon after their families: 33 And - Zelophehad the son of Hepher had of Nemuel, the family of the Nemuelites: of no sons, but daughters: and the names of the Jamin, the family of the Jaminites: of Jachin, daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, and the family of the Jachinites:

Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. 13 of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites: 34 These are the families of Manasseh, and of Shaul, the family of the Shaulites.

those that were numbered of them, fifty and two 14 These are the families of the Simeonites. thousand and seven hundred. twenty and two thousand and two hundred. 35 | These are the sons of Ephraim after

15 1 The children of Gad after their families; their families: of Shuthelah, the family of the

• Exo). 4. 12 88 33, 3. C 1 2–6 Ch. 1. 3 V. 3 Ch. 2 là 3112 & 33. & 35. 1.- Chile Gen 46.8 Exol. 6.14. 1 Chron. 5. 1.- Ch. 16. 1, 2- Ch 16. 32, 35.- Ch. 16 38 See 1 Cor 10.6 2 Pet. 2.6.-i Prod. 6. 211 Chron. 6. 22- Gen. 16. 10. Exod. 6. 15, Jernue.- 1 Chron. 1. 24. Jarib.-m Gen.

46. 10. Zohas.--- Gen, 16. 16.ZizkionOr, Erbon Gen. 46. 16.- Cher 16., 16. u Or. Phupah. - Or, Job.w Gen 16. 11. Gen. 46. 20.- Josh. 17. 1. I Chron. 7. 14, 15.- Called Abieser, Josh. 17.2 Judg. 6. 11, 24, 34. -a Ch. 27. 1. & 36. 11.

Verse 17. Vex the Midianites, &c.] See this order fulfilled, pany died; and the fire devoured Korah with the 250 chap. xxxi. 1—20. 12,000 Israelites attacked the Midian- | men, who became a sign. ites, destroyed all their cities, slew their five kings, every Verse 11. The children of Korah died not.) It is diffimale, and every grown-up woman, and took all their spoils. cult to reconcile this place with chap. xvi. 27, 31–33. NOTES ON CHAPTER XXVI.

where it seems to be intimated, that not only the men, but Verse 2. Take the sum of all the congregation) After the wives, and the sons, and the little ones, of Korah, Da38 years God commands a second census of the Israelites than, and Abiram, were swallowed up by the earthquake; to be made, to preserve the distinction in families, and to see especially ver. 27. collated with ver. 33. of chap. xvi. regulate the tribes, previously to their entry into the pro- But the text here expressly says, The children of Korah mised land; and to ascertain the proportion of land which died not ;--and on a close inspection of ver. 27. of the should be allowed to each tribe. For though the whole above-mentioned chapter, we shall find, that the sons and was divided by lot, yet the portions were so disposed, that the little ones of Dathan and Abiram alone are mentioned. a numerous tribe did not draw, where the lots assigned so they gat up from the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, small inheritances. See verses 53, 54, 55, 56. and also the and Abiram on every side ; and Dathan and Abiram note on chap. i. 1.

came out--and their wives, and their sons, and their little Verse 10. Together with Korah] The Samaritan text ones. Here is no mention of the children of Korah, they does not intimate that Korah was swallowed up, but that therefore escaped, while, it appears, those of Dathan and he was burnt, as appears in fact to have been the case. Abiram perished with their fathers.--See the note on chap. And the earth swallowed them up, what time that com- | xvi. 30." VOL. 1.-55

433

53 ."

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> Ch. 3. 54. & 34. 13. Josh. 11. 2. & 14. 2.

Shuthalites: of Becher, the family of the Ba- | Jesui, the family of the Jesuites: of Beriah, the chrites: of Tahan, the family of thé Tahanites. family of the Beriites.

36 And these are the sons of Shuthelah : of 45 of the sons of Beriah: of Heber, the faEran, the family of the Eranites.

mily of the Heberites: of Malchiel, the family 37 These are the families of the sons of of the Malchielites. Ephraim, according to those that were num 46 And the name of the daughter of Asher bered of them, thirty and two thousand and five was Sarah. hundred. These are the sons of Joseph after 47 These are the families of the sons of Asher their families.

according to those that were numbered of them; 38 • The sons of Benjamin after their fami- who were fifty and three thousand and four hunlies: of Bela, the family of the Belaites: of dred. Ashbel, the family of the Ashbelites: of d Ahi 48 T * Of the sons of Naphtali after their ram, the family of the Ahiramites:

families: of Jahzeel, the family of the Jahzeel39 Of Shupham, the family of the Shuph-ites: of Guni, the family of the Gunites; amites : of Hupham, the family of the Hupham 49 Of Jezer, the family of the Jezerites: of ites.

Shillem, the family of the Shillemites. 40. And the sons of Bela were ? Ard and Naa 50 These are the families of Naphtali accordman: of Ard, the family of the Ardites: and of ing to their families: and they that were numNaaman the family of the Naamites.

bered of them were forty and five thousand and 41 These are the sons of Benjamin after four hundred. their families : and they that were numbered of 51 These were the number of the children them were forty and five thousand and six hun- of Israel, six hundred thousand and a thousand dred.

seven hundred and thirty. 42 T & These are the sons of Dan after their 52 | And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, families: of Shuham, the family of the Shu Unto these the land shall be divided for hamites. These are the families of Dan aster an inheritance, according to the number of their families.

names. 43 All the families of the Shuhamites, ac 54 To many thou shalt P give the more inhecording to those that were numbered of them ritance, and to few thou shalt ' give the less inwere threescore and four thousand and four heritance: to every one shall his inheritance be hundred.

given according to those that were numbered 44 T i Of the children of Asher after their fa- of him. milies: of Jimna, the family of the Jimnites: of 55 Notwithstanding the land shall be divided bi Chron. 7. 20, Bered.-c Gen. 46, 21, 1 Chron. 7. 6.- Gen. 46.21, Eri. 1 Chron.

Chron. 7. 13.-) 1 Chron. 7. 13. Shallum.-m See Ch. 1. 46.-n Josh 11 2. & 14 L 8. 1, Aharah-- Gen. 46. 21, Muppim and Huppim-fi Chron. 8. 3, Addar. o Ch. 33. 54.-P. Heb. multiply his inheritance.-r Heb diminish his inheritance & Gen. 46. 23.-h Or, Hushin.- Geo. 46. 17. 1 Chron. 7. 30.-k Gen. 46. 21. I

Verse 51. These were the numbered of the children of causes. But proportion, harmony, and order, distinguish Israel, 601,730.) The following comparative statement all the works of God, both in the natural and moral will show how much some of the tribes had increased, and world. others had diminished since the enumeration in chapter 1. Verse 55. The land shall be divided by lot] The word

Sou goral, translated lot, is supposed by some to signify

the stone or pebble formerly used for the purpose of what 37,100 decrease

we term casting lots. The word hlot, hlot, ia AngloSaxon, from hleotan, to divide or portion out, i. e. for

tuitously: it answers to the Greek ***Pes, which, some Ephraim

think, comes from xxxv, to break; because the lot being a Benjamin

sort of appeal to God, ("The lot is cast into the lap, but

the whole diposing thereof is of the Lord,". Prov. xvi. Naphiali

8.000 decrease.

33.) broke off all contentions and litigations, relative to the 601,730 603,550

whole in 38 years

matter in dispute. From this original division of the

promised land by lot, to the children of Israel, all portions, Increase in all 69,200.

appointments, offices, shares, or divisions, in spiritual and Let it be observed, 1. That among these there was not a ecclesiastical matters, were termed lots. So, in the New man of the former census, save Joshua and Caleb, see ver. Testament, the word sampos, lot, is used to signify a por64, 65. 2. That though there was an increase in seven tion of spiritual blessedness, and ximpeves, a division tribes of not less than 74,900 men, yet so great was the de- by lot, an inheritance: and saaps, the lotted or appointed crease in the other side tribes that the balance against the persons to different works, shares, &c. hence our word present census, is 1,820, as appears above; thus we find, clergy, xangos, persons appointed by lot, to a lot, portion, that there was an increase of 601,723 from 603,550 in the or inheritance; see the case of Matthias, Acts i. 26. Perspace of 38 years.

song thus appointed were by accommodation termed inNotwitstanding the amazing increase in some, and de- heritors, because originally, when there could be no claims crease in other tribes: the same sort of proportion is pre- of exclusive right, all lands, where a wandering tribe chose served in the east, west, north and south divisions, as be to take up its residence, were divided by lot, as the promfore; so as to keep the division of Judah, which was al ised land in the case before us. So Judah says to Simeon ways in the front or van, the largest ; and the division of his brother, Judg. i. 3. "Come up with me into my lot." Dan, which was always in the rear, the next in number. And as God was ever supposed to be the whole disposer in But it is worthy of remark, that as they are now, properly such matters, whatever fell out in the course of God's pro speaking, to commence their grand military operations, so ridence, was called a lot. “This is the lot of them that their front, or advanced division, is increased from 186,400, rob us.' Isai. xvii. 14. "Thou hast neither lot nor part to 201,300. And their rear, from 157,600, to 163,200. in this matter." Acts viii. 21. A lot in the promised The first division is strengthened 14,900 men, and the last land, was evidently typical of a place in eternal glory. division 5,600 men. The reasons for this are sufficiently “That they may receive forgiveness of sins, and an inobvious.

heritance (rampov, a lot) among them that are sanctified.” Mr. Ainsworth has a curious remark on the number of Acts xxvi. 18. “Who hath made us meet to be partakers families in the twelve tribes. “Here are families, of the inheritance (rampou, of the lot) of the saints in light." 1. OC Manasseh

7. Or Reuben

"Which is the earnest of our inheritance, (za-premiss of 2. Of Benjamin

8. Of Issachar

our allotted portion.") Eph. i. 14. "What is the riches 9. Of Ephraim

of the glory of his inheritance," tamporopsies, allotted por4. Of Simeon

10. Or Naphtali

tion.) Eph. i. 18. As therefore the promised land vas 5. Of Judah

11. Or Zabulon 6. Of Asher

12. Of Dan

divided by lot to the believing Israelites, God determining

the lot as he saw good, none of the people having any "In all 57: to whom, if we add the 12 patriarchs, and claim on, or right to it; so the kingdom of heaven is a lot Jacob their father, the whole number is 70: the exact num- given by the mere good will of God to them that believe ber of the souls in Jacob's house, that went down to Egypt, and obey him; for as unbelief and disobedience threw Gen. xlvi. 27.” In a variety of things in this ancient 600,000 people out of the inheritance of the promised land; economy, there is a most surprising proportion kept up, so none who disbelieve God's word, and rebel against his which never could have been a fortuitous effect of general authority, shall ever enter into the kingdom of heaven.

2,770 decrease.

Reuben
Simeon
Gad
Judah
Issachar
Zebulon
Manaakeh

Now 43,730 2,200 40,500 76,500 61,300 60,500 32,700 32,500 45,600 61, 100 53,400 45,400

Before
46,500
59,300
45.650
74,600
51,400
57,100
32,200
40,500
35,100
€2,700
41,500
53,400

5,150 decrease.
1,900 increase.
9,900 increase

3,100 increase
20,500 increuse.

8,000 decrease. 10,20 increase.

1,700 increase. 11,900 increase.

Dan
Asher

Total

decrease on the

1,820

Decrease in all 61,020.

4

3. Of Gad

8
7
7
5

4 4 3 1

before the Lord, 5. He allows their claim, 6, 7, and a law is made to regulate the

family more the Libnites, the family of the Hebrene THEphenad, the son of Hepher, the

by lot: according to the names of the tribes of was not left a man of them, save Caleb the their fathers they shall inherit.

son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. 56 According to the lot shall the possession

CHAPTER XXVII. thereof be divided between many and few.

The daughters of Zelophchaiclaim their inheritance, 1-4 Moss brings their cause 57 T. And these are they that were num inheritance or daughters, 3-11. Mom is commander to go up to Mount Abarim, bered" of the Levites after their families; of

an) view the prounind land, 12. is apprised of his death, 13. and because he did not

Sanctly God at the waters of Meribah, he shall not enter into it, 14. Movses reGershon, the family of the Gershonites; of Ko quests the Lord to appoint a person to supply his place as leader of the Israelites,

15-17. Gol appoints Joshus, commands Moses to lay his hands upon him, to set hath, the family of the Kohathites; of Merari, him before Eleazar the privat, and give him a charge the sight of the people, 18

20. Eleazar shall ask couns for him by Urim, and at his commari hall the Is the family of the Merarites.

raelites go out and come in, 21. Moses does as the Lord commanded him, and 58 These are the families of the Levites: the

consecrates Joshua, 22, 2.

of An Exod. Ier. ites, the family of the Mahlites, the family of the Mushites, the family of the Korathites. And son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Kohath begat Amram.

Manasseh, of the families of Manasseh, the son 59 And the name of Amram's wife was u Jo. of Joseph: and these are the names of his daughchebed, the daughter of Levi, whom her mother ters; Mahlah, Noah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, bare unto Levi in Egypt; and she bare unto Am- and Tirzah. ram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister. 2 And they stood before Moses, and before

60 'And unto Aaron was born Nadab, and Eleazar the priest, and before the princes, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

all the congregation, by the door of the taber61 And Nadab and Abihu died, when they nacle of the congregation, saying, offered strange fire before the LORD.

3 Our father died in the wilderness, and he 62 - And those that were numbered of them was not in the company of them that gathered were twenty and three thousand, all males from themselves together against the LORD & in the a month old and upward: y for they were not company of Korah; but died in his own sin, and numbered among the children of Israel, because had no sons. there was no inheritance given them among the 4 Why should the name of our father be b done children of Israel.

away from among his family, because he hath 63 | These are they that were numbered by no son ? i Give unto us therefore a possession Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered among the brethren of our father. the children of Israel - in the plains of Moab, 5 And Moses à brought their cause before the by Jordan near Jericho.

LORD. 64 But among these there was not a man of 6 | And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, them whom Moses and Aaron the priest num 7 The daughters of Zelophehad speak right: bered, when they numbered the children of Is- ! thou shalt surely give them a possession of an rael in the wilderness of Sinai.

inheritance among their father's brethren: and 65 For the LORD had said of them,. They thou shalt cause the inheritance of their father shall surely die in the wilderness. And there to pass unto them.

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Gen. 16. 11. Exod. 6. 16, 17, 18, 19. I Chron. 6. 1, 16.-- Exol. 2 1, 2 & 6. 2).

Ch 32-* Lev. 10. 1, 2 Ch. 3. 4. I Chron. 2 21.-x See Ch. 3 39.-Ch. 1. 49. 2 Ch 18 2 23, 2. Deut. 10. 9. Josh. 13. 14, 33. & 14. 3.-a Ver. 3-5 Ch. 1. Deul

2 14, 15.-c Ch. 14. 28, 29. I Cor. 10.5, 6.- Ch. 14 30.- Ch. 26 33 & 36. 1, 1). Josh 17.3.- Ch. 14. 35. & 26. 61, 65-8 Ch. 16. 1, 2-h Heb. diminished.-i Joak. 17. 4-k Exo 18. 15, 19.-- Ch 36.2 Jer. 19.11. Gal. 3. 2

See Ainsworth. These things happened unto them for jecture. Now the plain truth is, that the masculine is, in examples-see then, reader, that thou fall not after the same ihe present printed iext, a mistake for the feminine. The example of unbelief.

Samaritan, which many think by far the most authentic

copy of the Pentateuch, has the feminine gender in both NOTES ON CHAPTER XXVII.

places; so also have upwards of fourscore of the MSS. Verse 1. The daughters of Zelophehad] The singu- collated by Kennicott and De Rossi. Therefore all the lar case of these women, caused an additional law to be curious reasons for this anomaly, offered by interpreters, made to the civil code of Israel, which satisfactorily ascer are only serious trifling on the blunder of some heedless tained, and amply secured the right of succession in cases copyists. of inheritance.' The law, which is as reasonable as it is While on the subject of mysterious reasons and meanjust, stands thus. 1. On the demise of the father, the es- ings, some might think it unpardonable, if I passed by the tate goes to the sons. 2. If there he no son, the daughters mystery of the fall, recovery, and full salvation of man, succeed. 3. If there be no daughter, the brothers of the signified, as some will have it

, by the names of Zelophehad deceased inherit. 4. If there be no brethren or paternal and his daughters. “1. Zelophehad's daughters, claiming uncles, the estate goes to the brothers of his father. 5. If a portion in the promised land, may represent believers in there be no grand uncles, or brothers of the father of the Christ, claiming an inheritance among the saints in light. deceased, then the nearest akin succceds to the inheritance. 2. These five virgins may be considered as the five wise Beyond this fifth degree, the law does not proceed, because, virgins, Matt. xxv. 1-10. who took oil in their vessels as the families of the Israelites were kepi distinct in their with their lamps; and consequently are types of those who respective tribes, there must always be some who could be make a wise provision for their eternal states. 3. They called kinsmen, and were really such, having descended are examples of encouragement to weak and destituto bewithout interruption from the patriarch of the tribe. lievers, who, though they are orphans in this world, shall

Verse 7. Thou shall give them-an inheritance among not be deprived of their heavenly inheritance. 4. Their their father's brethren) There is a curious anomaly here names are mysterious ; for Zelophthad, 17058 TSELOPHEin the Hebrew text, which cannot be seen in our transla- Chad, signifies the shadow of fear or drcad. His first tion. In Hebrew, they, them, and their, you, ye, and your, daughter, abno. Machlan, infirmity; the second, nys are both of the masculine and feminine genders, according Nôan, wandering; the third,"CHOGLAH, turning as the nouns are to which they are affixed; but these words about, or dancing for joy; the fourth, 350 MILCAH, & are of no gender in English. In this verse, speaking of queen ; the fifth, non Tinteay, well-pleasing or acceptathe brethren of the father of those women, the masculine ble. By these names we may observe our reviving by termination on hem, THEIR, is used instead of the femi- grace in Christ: for we are all born of the shadow of fear, nine, in heh, governed by ni:a benoth, daughters. So On5 (Zelophehad) being brought forth in sin, and through fear lahem, to THEM, and onion abihem, THEIR fathers, mas of death being all our lifetime subject to bondage, Heb. ii. culine, are found in the present text, instead of 175 lahen 15. This begets (Machlah) infirmity, or sickness, grief and 1793x abihen, feminine. Interpreters have sought for of heart for our estate. After which, (Noah) wundering a hidden meaning here, and they have found several, about for help and comfort, we find it in Christ, by whom whether hidden here or not. One says, "the masculine our sorrow is turned into joy, (Choglah.) He communigender is used, because these daughters are treated as if cates of his royalty, (Milcah) to us, making us kings and they were heirs male.” Another," that it is because of priests unto God and his Father, Rev. i. 6. So we shall their faith, and conscientious regard to the ancient cus at last be presented unto him, glorious and without blem toms, and to keep the memory of their father in being, ish, being ( Tirtsah) well-pleasing and acceptable in his which might well befit men.” Another, " that it signifies sight." This is a specimen of pious INGENUITY, which the free gift of God in Christ, where there is neither male has been endeavouring to do the work of an EVANGELIST nor female, bond or free; for all are one in Christ." And in the church of God, from the time of Origen to the so on; for where there is no rule, there is no end to con- present day.

8 And thou shalt speak unto the children of 1 before all the congregation, and give him a Israel, saying, If a man die, and have no son, charge in their sight, then ye shall

cause his inheritance to pass unto 20 And · thou shalt put some of thine honour his daughter.

upon him, that all the congregation of the chil9 And if he have no daughter, then ye shall dren of Israel y may be obedient. give his inheritance unto his brethren.

21 - And he shall stand before Eleazar the 10 And if he have no brethren, then ye shall priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the give his inheritance unto his father's brethren. judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word

11 And if his father have no brethren, then ye they shall go out, and at his word they shall shall give his inheritance unto his kinsman that come in, both he, and all the children of Israel is next to him of his family, and he shall possess with him, even all the congregation. it: and it shall be unto the children of Israel ma 22 And Moses did as the Lord commanded statute of judgment, as the LORD commanded him: and he took Joshua, and set him before Moses.

Eleazar the priest, and before all the congrega12 | And the LORD said unto Moses, . Get tion: thee up into this mount Abarim, and see the 23 And he laid his hands upon him, and gave land which I have given unto the children of Is him a charge, as the LORD commanded by the rael.

hand of Moses. 13 And when thou hast seen it, thou also

CHAPTER XXVIII. • shalt be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron All the offerings of God to be offered in their due season, 1,2 The contingal tarne thy brother was gathered.

ofering for the morning, 3-6. and its drink offering, 7.

offering for the evening, & The offerings for the sabbath, 9, 10 14 For ye Prebelled against my commandment for the beginning of each month, 11--15. Repetition of the ordinances Crucern

ing the passover, 16-25 Ordinances concerning the day of firs-fruits, peste in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctisy me at the water before their ND the LORD spake unto Moses, Bicol eyes: that is the 9 water of Meribah in Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin.

2 Command the children of Israel, 15 | And Moses spake unto the LORD, saying, and say unto them, My offering, and my bread

16 Let the LORD, 'the God of the spirits of all for my sacrifices made by fire, for ea sweet flesh, set a man over the congregation,

savour unto me, shall ye observe to offer unto · 17 · Which may go out before them, and which me in their due season. may go in before them, and which may lead them 3 | And thou shalt say unto them, ? This is out, and which may bring them in; that the con- the offering made by fire which ye shall offer gregation of the LORD be not as sheep which unto the Lord; two lambs of the first year withhave no shepherd.

out spot 6 day by day, for a continual burnt18 J And the LORD said unto Mosee, Take offering. thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man " in whom is 4 The one lamb shalt thou offer in the mornthe Spirit, and lay thine hand upon him; ing, and the other lamb shalt thou offer at

19 And set him before Eleazar the priest, and even;

The cost uncal burol.

The offering

coat, 26-31.

A saying

An Exu kr

cir. 40

m Ch 35. 29.-n Ch. 33. 17. Deut. 3. 27. & 32. 49. & 31.1-o Ch. 20. 24, 28. & 31. 2. Deut. 10. 6.-p Ch. 2. 12. 21_Deut. I. 37. & 32. 51. Paa. 106. 32. -- Exod. 17. 7. r Ch. 16. 22. Hebr. 12. 9.- Deut. 31. 2. I Sam 9. 20. & 18. 13. 2 Chron. 1. 10. tl Kinga 22. 17. Zech. 10. 2 Matt. 9. 36. Mark 6. 34.-u Gen. 41. 39. Judg. 3. 10. & 11. 29. 1 Saun. 16. 13, 18.- Deut. 31. 9. - Deut 31. 7.-x See Ch. 11. 17, 28.

1 Sam. 10. 6, 9. 2 Kings 2 15.-y Josh. 1. 16, 17.-2 See Joch. 9. 14. Judg. 1 1 & 2 18, 23, 26. I Sam 23. 9.& 30. 7.-a Exod. 'N 30.- Josh 9. 14. 1 Sam. 22. 10, 13, 15. c Deot 3 29 & 31. 7. Lev. 3. 11. & 21.6, 8. Mal 1. 7, 12-e Heb a srder of my reet -- Exod. 29. 38.--. Heb. in a day.- Heb between the two everringa Exod. 126.

Verse 12. Get thee up into this mount Abarim] The Lord, as to his mediatorial office and divine appointment mountain which Moses was commanded to ascend was as man, to the work of our salvation; and to this circumcertainly mount Nebo, see Deut. xxxii. 49, &c. which was stance of the appointment of Joshua to this work, and to the same as Pisgah, see Deut. xxxiv. 1. 'The mountains his receiving of Moses' honour and glory, St. Peter seems of Abarim, according to Dr. Shaw, are a long ridge of to refer in these words, 2d Epist. i. 16, 17. “We were frightful, rocky, precipitous hills, which are continued all eye-witnesses of his majesty; for he received from God the along the eastern coast of the Dead sea, as far as the eye Father, honour and glory, when there came such a voice can reach.

As in Hebrew, ny ābar, signifies to pass to him from the excellent glory: This is my beloved Son, oder, Abarim here, probably signifies passages; and the in whom I am well pleased ; HEAR HIM.”- See Matt. xvi. ridge in this place had its name, in all likelihood, from the 5. But one infinitely greater than either Moses or Joshua, passage of the Israelites, as it was opposite to these that is here. they passed the Jordan into the Promised Land.

NOTES ON CHAPTER XXVIII. Verse 14. Ye rebelled against my commandment) See Verse 2. Command the children of Israel, &c.] It is the notes on chap. xx. 8.

not easy to account for the reason of the introduction of Verse 16. Jehovah, the God of the spirits of all flesh] | these precepts here, which had been so circumstantially See the notes on chap. xvi. 22.

delivered before in different parts of the books of Exodus Verse 17. That the congregation of the Lord be not as and Leviticus. It is possible that the daily, toeckly, monthsheep which have no shepherd.) This is a beautiful ex- ly, and yearly services, had been considerably internipted pression, and shows us in what light Moses viewed him- for several years, owing to the unsettled state of the people Belf among this people. He was their shepherd-he sought in the wilderness; and that it was necessary to repeat no higher place; he fed and guided the flock of God un these laws for two reasons : 1. Because they were now der the direction of the Divine Spirit; and was faithful in about to enter into the Promised Land, where these ser. all his Master's house. To this saying of Moses our Lord | vices must be established and constant: And 2. Because alludes, Matt. ix. 36.

the former generation being all dead, multitudes of the Verse 18. In whom is the Spirit] This must certainly present might be ignorant of these ordinances. mean the Spirit of God; and because he was endued with In their due season) Moses divides these offerings into this Spirit, therefore he was capable of leading the people. 1. Daily. The morning and evening sacrifices; a How miserably qualified is that man for the work of God, lamb each time, ver. 3, 4. who is not guided and influenced by the Holy Ghost. God 2. WEEKLY.' The sabbath offerings, tuo lambs of a never chooses a man to accomplish his designs, but that year old, ver. 9, &c. one whom he himself has qualified for the work.

3. MONTHLY. At the beginning of each month, 1100 Verse 20. And thou shalt put, &c.) inno mihodca, of young bullocks, one ram, and seren lambs of a year old; thine honour or authority upon him. Thou shalt show to and a kid for a sin-offering, ver. 11, &c. the whole congregation, that thou hast associated him with 4. ANNUAL. 1. The passover to last seven days: the thyself in the government of the people.

offerings, two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of a Verse 21. Éleazar the priest -shall ask counsel for year old, and a he-goat, for' a sin-offering, ver. 16, &c. him] Here was a remarkable difference between him and 2. The day of FIRST-FROITs. The sacrifices, the same as Moscs. God talked with Moses face to face: but to on the beginning of the month, ver. 26, &c. With these Joshua, only through the medium of the high priest. sacrifices were offered libations, or drink-offerings of

Verse 23. He laid his hands upon him) 'As a proof of strong wine, ver. 7. and 14. and minchahs, or meal-offer his being appointed to, and qualified for, the work. So, at inge, composed of fine flour, mingled with oil, ver. 5, 12, the word of Joshua, they were to go out ; and at his word, &c. For an ample account of all these offerings, see the to come in, ver. 21.' And thus he was a type of our blessed I notes on Lev. vii. and Exod. xii.

with oil

for a meat-offering unto one lamb; for A Midstillater the month, ye shall have

5 And I a tenth part of an ephah of flour for 25 And 'on the seventh day ye shall have a ak meat-offering, mingled with the fourth part holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work. of a 'hin of beaten oil.

26 ? Also y in the day of the first-fruits, when 6 It is ma continual burnt-offering, which was ye bring a new meal-offering unto the LORD, ordained in mount Sinai for a sweet savour, a after your weeks be out, ye shall have a holy sacrifice made by fire unto the Lord.

convocation; ye shall do no servile work: 7 And the drink-offering thereof shall be the 27 But ye shall offer the burnt-offering for a fourth part of a hin for the one lamb: " in the sweet savour unto the LORD; ? two young bulholy place shalt thou cause the strong wine to locks, one ram, seven lambs of the first year; be poured unto the Lord for a drink-offering. 28 And their meat-offering of flour mingled

8 And the other lamb shalt thou offer at even: with oil, three tenth deals unto one bullock, two as the meat-offering of the morning, and as the tenth deals unto one ram: drink-otlering thereof, thou shalt offer it, a sacri 29 A several tenth deal unto one lamb, throughfice made by fireof a sweet savour unto the LORD. out the seven lambs :

9 |And on the sabbath-day two lambs of the 30 And one kid of the goats, to make an atonefirst year without spot, and two tenth deals of ment for you. flour for a meat-offering, mingled with oil, and 31 Ye shall offer them beside the continual the drink-offering thereof:

burnt-offering, and his meat-offering, (a they 10 This is the burnt-offering of every sab- shall be unto you without blemish) and their bath, beside the continual burnt-offering, and drink-offerings. his drink-offering:

CHAPTER XXIX. 11 | And Pin the beginnings of your months

LORD; ye shall offer a burnt-offering unto

The feast of trumpets on the first day of the seventh month, and its sacrifices, 1-6.

The fenst of expiation, or annual ctonement, on the tenth day of the same month, two young bullocks, and one ram, seven lambs

with its encrifices, 7–11. The feast of labernacles held on the fifteenth day of the

mme month, with its eight days' offerings, 12. The offerings of the first day, thirteen of the first year without spot;

bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs, and one kid, 13-16. The offerings of the 12 And a three tenth deals of flour for a meat

second day, twelve bullocks, two rame, fourteen lambs, and one kid, 17-19. Tho

offerings of the third day, cleven bullocks, the rest as before, 20-22 The offerings offering, mingled with oil, for one bullock; and

of the fourth day, ten bullock, the rest as before, 23-3The offerings of the

fasth day, nine bullocks, &c. 2-3 The offerings of the sixth day, eight bultwo tenth deals of flour for a meat-offering, Locka, &c. 29–31. The offerings of the serenth day, seven bullocke, &o. 32-34. The mingled with oil, for one ram;

offerings of the righth day, one bullock, one ram, seven lambs, and one goat,

35–34" These sacrifices to be offered and feasts to be kept, besides rows, free-will13 And a several tenth deal of flour mingled offerings, &c. &c. 39. Moses Announces all these things to the people, 40.

ND in the An. Exod. . a burnt-offering of a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD.

a holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: 14 And their drink-offerings shall be half a it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you. hin of wine unto a bullock, and the third part 2 And ye shall offer a burnt-offering for a of a hin unto a ram, and a fourth part of a hin sweet savour unto the LORD; one young bulunto a lamb; this is the burnt-offering of every lock, one ram, and seven lambs of the first year month throughout the months of the year. without blemish :

15 And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering 3 And their meat-offering shall be of flour unto the LORD, shall be offered, beside the con- mingled with oil, three tenth deals for a bullock, tinual burnt-offering, and his drink-offering. and

two tenth deals for a ram, 16 1 • And in the fourteenth day of the first 4 And one tenth deal for one lamb, throughmonth is the passover of the LORD.

out the seven lambs : 17 · And in the fifteenth day of this month is the 5 And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering, feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten. to make an atonement for

„you: 18 In the first day shall be an holy convoca 6 Beside - the burnt-offering of the month, tion; ye shall do no manner of servile work and his meat-offering, and the daily burnt-offertherein :

ing, and his meat-offering, and their drink-offer19 But ye shall offer a sacrifice made by fire ings, according unto their manner, for a sweet for a burnt-offe unto the LORD; two young savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD. bullocks, and one ram, and seven lambs of the first 7 And 'ye shall have on the tenth day of this year : 'they shall be unto you without blemish: seventh month a holy convocation; and ye shall

20 And their meat-offering shall be of four afflict your souls: ye shall not do any work mingled with oil: three tenth deals shall ye offer therein: for a bullock, and two tenth deals for a ram; 8 But ye shall offer a burnt-offering unto the

21 A several tenth deal shalt thou offer' for LORD for a sweet savour; one young bullock, every lamb, throughout the seven lambs: one ram, and seven lambs of the first year;

22 And wone goat for a sin-offering, to make they shall be unto you without blemish : an atonement for you.

9 And their meat-offering shall be of flour 23 Ye shall offer these beside the burnt-offer- mingled with oil, three tenth deals to a bullock, ing in the morning, which is for a continual and two tenth deals to one ram, burnt-offering.

10 A several tenth deal for one lamb, through24 After this manner ye shall offer daily, out the seven lambs: throughout the seven days, the meat of the sac 11 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering; rifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the beside i the sin-offering of atonement, and the LORD: it shall be offered beside the continual continual burnt-offering, and the meat-offering burnt-offering, and his drink-offering.

of it, and their drink-offerings.

b

i Exod. 16. 36. Ch. 15. -- Lev. 21.- Exod. 29. 40.--m Exod. 29. 12. See Amo 5.5.-- Exod. 29. 12.-0 Ezek. 46. 1 - Ch. 10. 10. 1 Sam 20. 5. 1 Chron 23 31. 2 Chron. 24 Ezra 3 5. Neh. 10. 33. Tau. 1. 13, 14 Esek 15. 17. & 46. . Har 2 11. Col. 2 16.- Ch. 15. 4-12 - Ver. 22 Ch 15. 21. Exod. 12 6, 18. Ler. 23. &. Ch.9.3. Deut. 16. L. Ezek. 45. 21.-- Lev. 23. 6.--u Exod. 12 16. Lev.

23. 7.-- Ver. 31. Lev. 22. 20. Ch. 29. 8. Deut. 15. 21,--w Ver 15.---x Exod. 12. 16 & 13. 6. Lev. 23.8.-- Exod. 23. 16. & 34.22 Lev. 23. 10.15. Deut. 16.10. Acts 2 1. 1 See Lev. 23. 18, 19. -- Ver. 19.-- Lev 23. 21, 25. Ezra 3, 6. Ch 10. 1-10. I Chron. 13 * Psa 81. 3 & 89. 15.-- Ch. 28 11.Ch. B. 3.- Ch. 15. 11, 12 --- Lev. 16. 29. & 2. 2.-- Psa. 35. 13. Isai. 58. 5.-- Ch. 2. 19. - Lev. 16. 3,5.

Verse 7. Strong wine) Sikera: see the note on chap. answers to a part of our September. In imitation of the x. 9. where this is largely explained.

Jews, different nations began their new year with sacrifices Verse 26. Day of the first-fruits] Called also the feast and festivity. The ancient Egyptians did so: and the of weeks, and the feast of Pentecost; see it explained, Persians still celebrate their ;) i naw i rooz, or neu Exod. xxiii. 14. and Lev. xxiii. 15.

year's day, which they hold on the vernal equinox. The Verse 31. Without blemish) This is to be understood as first day of the year is generally a time of festivity in all applying not only to the animals, but also to the flour, civilized nations. wine, and oil ; every thing must be perfect in its kind. On this day the Israelites offered one young bullock, one NOTES ON CHAPTER XXIX.

ram, seven lambs, and a kid, for a sín-offering, besides Verse 1. And in the seventh month, &c.) This was the minchuhs, or meat-offerings. beginning of their civil year, and was a time of great fes Verse 7. On the tenth day) See the notes on Lev. xvi. tivity, and was ushered in by the blowing of trumpets. It | 29. xxiii. 24.

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