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° and I will make of thee a nation mightier and

CHAPTER X. greater than they.

Moe is commanded to make a second set of tables, 1,?. He marle an ark, prepared 15 p So I turned and came down from the

the iw tabletio writer on then the sun commandments, au Moses lays thes

up in the ark, il-5. 'llarvenue journey from Beeroth Moses, where Anton mount, and the mount burned with fire; and des 6. ant froin thence to livudan, and Jothat', 7. Al that time it separat the two tables of the covenant were in my two

the rise of Lesi, for the way of the sanctuary, I long is marad

the second time it the mount, 10. 11. Wha: God requirre of the Israchter, 12. hands.

Their hrurt must be circumcil, 15. Go's character and coolac, 17, lk. They

are cruelto lore the oner, 19.1) fars, 1 serve Gol, becanse be 16 And I looked, and, behold, ye had sinned hai doue such great tanga for them and their fathers, 21, 22.

T

10.-Sebat a molten call: ye had turned aside quickly out i Hew thee two tables of stone of the way which the Lord had commanded you. I like unto the firet, and come up unto me into the

17 And I took the two tables, and cast them mount, and make thee an ark of wood. out of my two hands, and brake them before 2 And I will write on the tables, the words your eyes.

that were in the first tables which thou brakedst, 18 And I fell down before the Lord, as at and thou shalt put them in the ark. the first: forty days and forty nights: I did nei 3 And I made an ark of mshittim wood, and ther cat bread, nor drink water, because of all hewed two tables of stone, like unto the first, your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in and went up into the mount, having the two tathe sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger. bles in mine hand.

19 · For I was afraid of the anger and hot 4 And he wrote on the two tables, according displeasure, wherewith the LORD was wroth to the first writing, the ten P commandments against you to destroy you. u But the LORD 9 which the LORD spake unto you in the mount, hearkened unto me at that time also.

out of the midst of the fire ' in the day of the as20 And the LORD was very angry with Aaron sembly: and the Lord gave them unto me. to have destroyed him: and I prayed for Aaron 5 And I turned myself, and came down from also the same time.

the mount, and put the tables in the ark which 21 And I took your sin, the calf which ye I had made; "and there they be, as the LORD had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped commanded me. it, and ground it very small, even until it was as 6 [ And the children of Israel took their joursmall as dust: and I cast the dust thereof into ney, from Beeroth of the children of Jaakan, the brook that descended out of the mount. to w Moserah: *there Aaron died, and there he

22 And at Taberah, and at Massah, and was buried; and Eleazar his son ministered in at y Kibroth-hattaavah, ye provoked the Lord the priest's office in his stead. to wrath.

7. From thence they journeyed into Gudgo23 Likewise ? when the Lord sent you from dah; and from Gudgodah to Jotbath, a land of Kadesh-barnea, saying, Go up and possess the rivers of waters. land which I have given you; then ye rebelled 8 1 At that time the Lord separated the against the commandment of the LORD your tribe of Levi, a to bear the ark of the covenant God, and a ye believed him not, nor hearkened of the Lord, to stand before the LORD, to mito his voice.

nister unto him, and « to bless his name unto 24 Ye have been rebellious against the LORD this day. froni the day that I knew you.

9. Wherefore Levi hath no part nor inherit25 • Thus I fell down before the Lord, forty ance with his brethren, the LORD is his inheritdays and forty nights, as I fell down at the first; ance, according as the LORD thy God promised because the Lord had said he would destroy you. him.

26 - I prayed therefore unto the Lord, and 10 1 And I estayed in the mount, according to said, O Lord God, destroy not thy people and the first time, forty days and forty nights; thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed and & the Lord hearkened unto me at that time through thy greatness; which thou hast brought also, and the Lord would not destroy thee. forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand.

11 - And the LORD said to me, Arise, i take 27 Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, thy journey before the people, that they may go and Jacob; look not unto the stubbornness of this in and possess the land, which I sware unto people, nor to their wickedness, nor to their sin: their fathers to give unto them.

28 Lest the land whence thou broughtest us 12 | And now, Israel, k what doth the LORD out, say, 'Because the Lord was not able to thy God require of thee, but I to fear the LORD bring them into the land which he promised thy God, m to walk in his ways, and " to love him, them, and because he hated them, he hath and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart brought them

out to slay them in the wilderness. and with all thy soul. 29 6 Yet they are thy people, and thine inher 13 To keep ihe commandments of the LORD, itance which thou broughtest out by thy h mighty and his statutes, which I command thee this day power and by thy stretched-out arm.

for thy good ? o Numb. 14. 12.- Exol 32 15.-- Exod. 19. 18. Ch. 4. 11. & 5.2-r Exod. 2. n Exo 34. 4.-o Exod31. 2 -p Het noords.-- Exod. 21.1.- Exo 19. 17 19.- Erod, 31. N. Ps 106. 23. -- Exc. 32. 10, 11.-u Exol. 32. 14. & 33. 17. Ch. Ch. 9. 10. & 18.16.- Exol. 31. 29. -- Exod. 10. 20.-U1 hingga 31 18. 10. Psa. 106. 23.- Exol. 32. 30. Isai. 31. 7.--W Numb. 11. 1, 3, 5,-- Exo), 17. 7. w Numb. 33. 30.- Nomb. 30. 2 & 33.38.-y Numb 38223-Num. 2660 Numb. 11. 4. 34. -z Nurnb. 13. 3. & IL 1-a Paa. 106. 21, 35.-6 Ch 31. 27. & Ver 13,- Exot. 32. 11, &- Gen. 41. 57. 1 Sam 14. 85.- Exo), 32 12 Numb. 21.5.-- Neunb. 18. , S. Ch. 18. 1, 2 Ezek. 44. - Exol. 31 Ch 916 14. 16. - Ch. 4. 3. I King & 51. Neh. I 10. Pea. 95. 7.--h Ver. 26. Ch. 4. 31. f Or, fariner day..- Exod. 32. 14, 33, 34. & 33. 17. Ch.9. 19 h Exot 32 3. & Exol. 7. 8. 9. 13. 3. - Exod. 34. 1, 2-k Exod. 25. 10.- Exol. 25. 16, 21. 33. 1.-- Heb. go in journey.-- Mie. 6.4.-- Ch. 6. 13.-in Ch. a 38-as m Exod. 23. 5, 10. & 37. I.

$ 11. 13 & 0 16, 4. Matt 2 31-0 Ch. 6. 2i. Verse 21. I took your sin, the calf which ye had made] 5. and succeeding verses; and on the parallel places in the See this fully explained, Exodus xxxii. 20.

margin. Verse 22. At Kibroth-hatlaavah] See the note on Numb. Verse 4. Ten commandments) See the note on Exed. xi. 18.

xx. 1, &c. Verse 27. Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac,

Verse 6. And the children of Israel took their journey, and Jacob} As if he had said: "These are their descend &c.) On this, and the three following verses, see Kenniants; and the covenant was made with those patriarchs in cott's remarks at the end of this chapter. behalf of these." God bestows many blessings on com Verse 12. Nou, Israel, what doth the Lord-require of paratively worthless persons, either for the sake of their thee An answer is immediately given. God requires pious ancestors, or on account of the religious people with 1. That ye fear him as Jehovah your God; he who whom they are connected: therefore union with the church made, preserves, and governs you. of God is a blessing of no common magnitude. The reader 2. That ye walk in all his ways; that having received will find the grand subject of this chapter explained at his precepts, all of which are good and excellent, ye obey large in the notes on Exod. xxxi. and xxxi. to which he the whole: walking in God's ways, not your own, nor in is particularly desired to refer.

the ways of the people of the land. NOTES ON CHAPTER X.

3. That ye love him, have confidence in him as your faVerse 1. Hew thee two tables of stone) See the notes ther and friend, have recourse to him in all your necessities, on Exod. xxxiv. 1.

and love him in return for his love. Yerse 3. Shittim wood) See the note on Exod. xxv. 4. 'That thou serve him; give him that worship which

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4. & 8. 14. & 16. 9.-- Nurob. 4. 15.5 Ch. 18. 5.-c lev. 9. 9. 22. Numab. 6. 23. Ch

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14 Behold, P the heaven, and the heaven of therless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in heavens is the LORD's thy God, the earth also, giving him food and raiment. with all that therein is.

19 Love ye therefore the stranger; for ye 15 - Only the LORD had a delight in thy fa were strangers in the land of Egypt. thers to love them, and he chose their seed 20 - Thou shalt tear the LORD thy God; him after them, even you above all people, as it is shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, this day,

cand swear by his name. 16 Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your 21 He is thy praise, and he is thy God, that heart, and be no more e stiff-necked.

hath done for thee these great and terrible things, 17 For the Lord your God is God of gods, which thine eyes have seen. and Lord of lords, a great God, wa mighty, 22 Thy fathers went down into Egypt 'with and a terrible, which *regardeth not persons, threescore and ten persons; and now the Lord nor taketh reward:

thy God hath made thee as the stars of the 18 y He doth execute the judgment of the fa- heaven for multitude. Pikings X. 27. Px. 115. 16. & 148. 4. Gen. 14. 19. Exod. 19. 5. Psa. 21.1. 9. Col. 3. 25. 1 Pel l. 17.--y Psa. 08. 5. & 146. 9.-7. Lev. 19. 33, 31.--a Ch. 6. 13. rth 4. 37. - See lev. 3.41. Ch. 30. 6. Jer. 4. 4. Rom. 2. 28, 29. Col. 2 11.- Ch. Matt. 4. 10. Lake 4.8.-b Ch. 11. 22. & 13 4.-e Pea. 6. 11. Exod. 15. 2 Psa. 9. 6, 13.-u Jour 22 22. Psa. 136. 2. Dan 2 47. & IL 36.-v Rev. 17. 14. & 19. 16. 24.3. JA. 17. H.-e1 Sun. 12. 21. 2 Sam. 7. 23. Psa. 106. 21, 22-1 Gen. 46. 27. w C 7.21. ---x 2 Chron. 19. 7. Job 34. 19. Actu 10. 31. Roin 2 11. Gal. 2. 6. Eph. 6. Exod. 1. 5. Acts 7. 11-8 Gen. 15. 6. Ch. 1. 10. & 13. 62. he requires; performing it with all thy heart, the whole of mount Sinai, receives the two tables; and is there 40 days thy affections; and with all thy soul, thy will, understand and nights. In chaps. xxv. xxvi. xxvii. God appoints ing, and judgment, In a word, putting forth thy whole the service of the tabernacle. In xxvini, separates Aaron strength and energy of body and soul in the sacred work.

and his sons, for the priest's office; by a statute for ever, Verse 14. Bchold, the hearen, and the heaven of hea to him and his seed after him. In xxxii. Moses, incensed dens] All these words in the original, are in the plural at the golden calf, breaks the tables; yet he prays for the number: D'oun vuopun in hen hashshamayim, ushe- people; and God orders him to lead them toward Canaan. mey hashshamayim ; behold, the heavens and the hea În xxxiv. Moses carries up two other tables, and stays vens of heavens ; but what do they mean? To say that again 40 days and nights. "In Numb. chap. iii. the tribe the first means the atmosphere, the second the planetary of Levi selected; viii. consecrated ; x. and xi. the Israelsystem, and the third the region of the blessed, is saying ites march from Sinai, on the twentieth day of the second but very little in the way of explanation. The words were month in the second year. In xii. spies sent. In xiv. the probably intended to point out the immensity of God's men are sentenced to die in the wilderness during the 40 creation, in which we may readily conceive one system of years. In xviii. the Levites are to have no lot nor large heavenly bodies, and others beyond them, and others still district, in Canaan; but to be the Lord's inheritance. In in endless progression, through the whole vortex of space! xx. Aaron dies on mount Hor. Lastly, in the complete Every star in the vast abyss of nature being a sun, with catalogue of the whole march (chap. xxxiii.) we are told, its peculiar and numerous attendant worlds. Thus there that they went from Moseroth to Bene-jaakan; thence to may be systems of systems, in endless gradation, up to the Hor-hagidgad; to Jotbathah ; to Ebronah; to Ezionthrone of God

geber ; to Zin, (which is Kadesh) and thence to Verse 16. Circumcisethe foreskin of your heart] A Hor; where Aaron died, in the fortieth and lasi year. In plain proof from God himself, that this precept pointed Deut. ix. Moses tells the Israelites (ver. 7.) that they had out spiritual things; and that it was not the cutting away been rebels, from Egypt, even to Jordan; particularly at a part of the flesh, that was the object of the divine com Horeb_(ver. 8—29.) whilst he was with God, and received mandment, but the purification of the soul ; without which the tables at the end of 40 days and nights-and that, after all forms and ceremonies are of no avail. Loving God breaking the tables, he fasted and interceded for his brethwith all the heart, soul, mind, and strength, the heart be ren, during a second period of 40 days and nights-and this ing circumcised to enable them to do it; was, from the be- ninth chapter ends with the prayer which he then made. ginning, the end, design, and fulfilment of the whole law. Chapter the tenth begins thus : Ai that time the Lord said

Verse 17. God of gods, and Lord of lords] That is, unto me, Hew thee two tables of stone, like unto the first, he is the source whence all being and power proceed and come up, &c. And from ver. 1. to the end of ver. 5. every agent is finite but himself; and he can counteract, he describes the second copy of the ten commandments; suspend, or destroy all the actions of all creatures, when as written also by God, and deposited by himself in the ark. soever he pleases. If he determine to save, none can de "After this we have now four verses (6, 7, 8, and 9,) stroy; if he purpose to destroy, none can save. How ab- which not only have no kind of connexion with the verses solutely necessary to have such a God for our friend! before and after them; but also, as they stand in the pre

A great God-mighty) 1337 San ha-d ha-gibbor, the sent Hebrew text, directly contradict that very text: and mighty God; this is the very title that is given to our the two first of these verses have not, in our Hebrew blessed Lord and Saviour, Isai. ix. 6.

Text, the least connexion with the two last of them. Our Verse 21. He is thy praise) It is an eternal honour to Hebrew text (ver. 6.) says, that Israel journeyed from any soul to be in the friendship of God. Why are people Bene-jaakan to Moserah. Whereas that very text, in ashamed of being thought religious ? Because they know the complete catalogue (Numb. xxxiii. 31.) says, they nothing of religion. He who knows his Maker may glory journeyed from Moseroth to Bene-jaakan. Again: Aaron in his God-for without him, what has any soul but dig is here said to have died at Moserah; whereas he died on grace, pain, shame, and perdition! How strange is it that mount Hor, the seventh station afterward: see Numb. those who fear God should be ashamed to own it; while xxxiii. 38. And again, they are here said to go from Besinners boldly proclaim their relationship to Satan! ne-jaakan to Moserah; thence to Gudgodah ; and thence

Verse 22. With threescore and ten persons And now, to Jotbath; whereas the complete catalogue says, Mosefrom so small a beginning they were multiplied to more roth to Bene-jaakan; thence to Hor-hagidgad; and than 600,000 souls; and this indeed in the space of 40 thence to Jotbathah. But, if the marches could possibly years; for the 603,000 which came out of Egypt, were at be true, as they now stand in these tuo verses; yet what this time all dead, but Moges, Joshua, and Caleb. How connexion can there be between JOTBATH, and the SEPARAeasily can God increase and multiply, and how easily dimi TION OF THE TRIBE OF LEVI! It is very happy that these nish and bring low! In all things, because of his unli- several difficulties in the Hebrew text, arc removed by the mited power, he can do whatsoever he will. And he will SAMARITAN Pentateuch. For that text tells us here rightdo whatsoever is right.

ly, that the march was from Moscrolh to Bene-jaakan ; On a very important subject in this chapter, Dr. Kenni-to Hagidgad, w Jotbathah, to Ebronah, to Ezioncott has the following judicious observations.

geber, to Zin, (which is Kadesh) and thence to mount The book of Deuteronomy contains the several speeches Hor, where Aaron died. Again: as the regular deduction made to the Israelites by Moses, just before his death; re of these stations ends with mount Hor, and Aaron's capitulating the chief circumstances of their history, from death ; we have then, what we had not before, a regular their deliverance out of Egypt, to their arrival on the banks connexion with the two next verses; and the connexion is of Jordan. What in this book he has recorded, as spoken, this—That when Aaron, the son of Amram, the son of will be best understood by comparing it with what he has Kohath, the son of Levi died: neither the tribe of Levi, recorded, as done, in the previous history; and this, which nor the priesthood, was deserted. But God still supported is very useful as to the other parts of this book, is abso- the latter, by maintaining the former: and this, not by allutely necessary, as to the part of the tenth chapter here to lotting that tribe any one large part of Canaan, but sepabe considered.

rate cities among the other tribes; and by allowing them “The previous circumstances of the history necessary 10 live upon those offerings, which were made by the to be here attended to, are these: In Exod. chap. xx. God other tribes to God himself. These four verses therefore, speaks the ten commandments. In chap. xxiv. Moses, on (6, 7, 8, and 9.) in the same text, stand thus : (ver. 6.)

The , keep ,

CHAPTER XI.

4 And what he did unto the army of Egypt, The people are exhorte i to che lience from a cooki leration of God's goodness to their unto their horses, and to their chariots; how father in Egypt, and what he did in the wilderness, 5. aw the joignent on he made the water of the Red sea to overflow Dathanand Abiram, 6. and trom the mereies of Gol in general, 7-9

A comparative description of Feypt air Canaden, 10-12 Promise to obalience, 13-16 them as they pursued after you, and how the Disasives from idelarry, 16, 17. The words of Golto be laid up in their hearts, LORD hath destroyed them unto this day; made a sign of on their baruls, forcheale, gates, &c. 19. tanght to their chillen, made the subject of frequent conversation, to the end that their days may be mul 5 And what he did unto you in the wilderness, tiplie1, 19.-21. It ote dich, bolshall give then possession of the whole land, and not one of their enenues thall be able to withstanxi them, 22, 25. Life and death, a until ye came unto this place; blessing and a cure, are set before them, 26.-. The blewings to be put on

6 And P what he did unto Dathan and Abimount Gerizin, and the curves on mount Elai, 29, 30. The promise that they • should pass over Jondan, and observe these stalues in the promised land, 31, 32.

ram,

the sons of Eliab, the son of Reuben: how Ano. Forse THEREFORE thou shalt - love the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed charge, and his statutes, and his judgments, and all the 9 substance that 'was in their posand his commandments, alway.

session in the midst of all Israel: 2 | And know ye this day : for I speak not 7 But your eyes have seen all the great acte with your children which have not known, and of the Lord which he did. which have not seen the chastisement of the 9 Therefore shall ye keep all the commandLORD your God, i his greatness, his mighty ments which I command you this day, that ye hand, and his stretched-out arm,

may be strong, and go in and possess the land, 3 And his miracles, and his acts, which he whither ye go to possess it; did in the midst of Egypt unto Pharaoh the king 9 And that ye may prolong your days in the of Egypt, and unto all his land;

land, ' which the LORD sware unto your fathers b Ch. 10. 12. & 30. 16,2)-i Lech. 3. 7.-k Ch.85.-1 Ch. 5. 24.-m (h. 7. 19.-n Paa. 3. Pira. 106. 17.-9,05, living substance which founded then. - Hled us at the 78. 12. & 135.9.- Exol. 11. 77, & 15.9, 10. Paa. 106. 11.-p Numb. 16. 1, 31. & 27. feel. - Ch. 5 3. & 7. 19.- Joah. 1. 6,7.-u Ch. 4. 40.& 5. 16. Prov. 10 37.-C. 5 When the children of Israel journeyed from Moseroth, “Chap. 2u begins thus:- Then we turned and took our and encamped in Bene-jaakan; from thence they journey-journey into the wilderness by the way of the Red sea, as ed and encamped at Hagidgad; from thence they journey- the Lord spake unto me: and WE COMPASSED MOUNT SEIB ed and encamped in Jotbathah, a land of rivers of water : MANY DAYS. Now, the many days, or long time, which (7.) from thence they journeyed and encamped in Ebro- they spent in compassing mount Seir, that 18, going round nah ; in Ezion-geber; in the wilderness of Zin, which is on the southwest coasts of Edom, in order to proceed Kadesh; and then at mount Hor: And AARON DIED northeast from Edom, through Moab to Arnon, must inTHERE, and there he was buried; and Eleazar his son, clude several of their stations; besides that eminent one at ministered as priest in his stead. (8.) At that time, the mount Hor, where Aaron died. And as part of their road, Lord had separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of during this long compass, lay through Ezion-geber, the corenant of the Lord, to stand before the Lord, to (which was on the eastern tongue of the Red sea, and the minister unto him, and to bless in his name unto this day, south boundary of Edom;) thence to Zin, (which is KA(9.) Wherefore Levi hath no part, nor inheritance, with DESH, that is, MERIBAH Kadesh) and thenee to mount Hor, his brethren; the Lord is his inheritance, according as they marched to the northeast : so it is probable, that the Lord thy God promised him. But however consist the five stations preceding that of Ezion-geber, were on ent these four verses are now with themselves, it will be the extremity of mount Seir, to the southwest. And if still demanded, what connexion have they with the fifth their first station at entering the southwest borders of verse before them; and with the tenth verse after them? Edom, and beginning to compass mount Scir, was MoseI confess, I cannot discover their least pertinency here: roth, this gives the reason wanted, why Moses begins this because AARON'S DEATH, and Levi's SEPARATION, seem passage at Moseroth, and ends it with Aaron's death at totally foreign to the speech of Moses in this place. And mount Hor. And this will discover a proper connexion this speech without these four verses is a regularly con between the four dislocated verses, and the context here. nected admonition from Moses, to this purpose—that his Deut. i. 46. So ye abode in kadesh (Barnea) many days. brethren were for ever to consider themselves as indebted ii. 1. Then we turned and took our journey into the wil. to him, under God, for the renewal of the two tables; and derness by the way of the Red sca; as the Lord spoke also to his intercession, for rescuing them from destruc-unto me: and we COMPASSED MOUNT SEIR MANY DATS. tion. The words are these: (x. 4.) The Lord wrote again "For the children of Israel journeyed from Moseroth, the ten commandments, and gave them unto me. (5.) and pitched in Bene-jaakan: from thence they journeyed And I came down from the mount, and put the tables in and pitched in Hagidgad: from thence they journeyed the ark, which I had made. (10.) Thus 1 staid in the and pitched in Jotbathath, a land of rivers of raiet: mount according to the first time, 40 days and 40 nights: from thence they journeyed and pitched in Ebronch: and the Lord hcarkened unto me at that time also; the from thence they journeyed and pitched in Ezion-geber: Lord would not destroy thee. (11.) And the Lord said from thence they journeyed, and pilched in the wilderunto me, arise, take thy journey before the people, that ness of Zin, which is Kadesh: from thence they jourthey may go in and possess the land, &c.

neyed and pitched in mount Hor, and Aaron died there, But then, if these four verses were not, at first, a part and there he was buried; and Eleazar his son ministered of this chapter, but are evidently interpolated : there arises as priest in his stcad. At that time the Lord had

sepaanother inquiry. Whether they are an insertion entirely rated the tribe of Levi; to bear the ark of the covenant spurious; or a genuine part of the Sacred Text, though of the Lord, to stand before the Lord to minister unto removed hither out of some other chapter. As they con- him, and to bless in his name unto this day. Wheretain nothing singular or peculiar, are of no particular im- fore, Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; portance, and relate to no subject of disputation, they are the Lord is his inheritance, according as the Lord thy not likely to have arisen from fraud or design; but perfect- God promised him. ly coineiding in sense with other passages, they may safely "And this paragraph being thus finished, at the end of be considered as another instance of a large transposition the first verse, the second verse begins a new paragraph, [86 words) in the present text, arising from accident and thus : And the Lord spake unto me, saying, Ye hare want of care. And the only remaining question therefore compassed this mountain long enough; turn you northis, Whether we can discoter, though not to demonstration, ward-through the east side of Seir (or Edom) towards yet with any considerable degree of probability, the origi- Moab on the north.-See verses 4, 5, 6, 7, 8."-Kenninal place of these four verses : that so they may be at last cott & Remarks, p. 74. restored to that neighbourhood and connexion, from which These remarks should not be hastily rejected, they have been, for so many ages, separated.

NOTES ON CHAPTER XI. "It was natural for Moses, in the course of these several Verse 1. Thou shalt lore the Lord] Because without speeches to his brethren, in Deuteronomy, to embrace the this there could be no obedience to the divine testimonies, first opportunity of impressing on their memories, a matter and no happiness in the souls for the heart that is destitute of such particular importance, as the continuation of the of the love of God, is empty of all good, and consequently priesthood among the Levites, after Aaron's death. And miserable. -See the note on chap. X. 12, the first proper place seems to be in the second chapter, after Verse 6. What he did unto Dathan, &c.] See the notes the first verse. Atchap. i. 19. he speaks of their march from on Numb. xvi. Horeb to Kadesh-barnen, whence they sent the spies into Verse 8. Therefore shall ye keep all the commandCanaan. He then sets forth their murmurings, and God's ments) Because God can execute auch terrible jadgments; sentence, that they should die in the wilderness; and he and because he has given such proofs of his power and ends the first chapter with their being defeated by the Amor justice; and because, in similar provocations, he may be ites, their wecping before the Lord, and abiding many expected to act in a similar way, therefore keep his charge, days in Kadesh, which is KADESH-BARNEA, near Canaan. that he may keep you unto everlasting life.

to give unto them and to their seed, wa land and when thou liest down, and when thou that floweth with milk and honey.

risest up. 10 | For the land, whither thou goest in to 20 " And thou shalt write them upon the doorpossess it, is not as the land of Egypt, whence posts of thine house, and upon thy gates : ye came out, where thou sowedst thy seed, and 21 That your days may be multiplied, and wateredst it with thy foot, as a garden of herbs: the days of your children, in the land which the

11 » But the land, whither ye go to possess it, LORD sware unto your fathers to give them, ' as is a land of hills and valleys, and drinketh wa- the days of heaven upon the earth. ter of the rain of heaven:

22 || For if u ye shall diligently keep all these 12 A land which the LORD thy God ? careth commandments which I command you, to do for; 4 the eyes of the LORD thy God are always them, to love the LORD your God, to walk in all upon it, from the beginning of the year even his ways, and to cleave unto him; unto the end of the year.

23 Then will the LORD w drive out all these 13 | And it shall come to pass, if ye shall nations from before you, and ye shall · possess hearken diligently unto my commandments greater nations and mightier than yourselves. which I command you this day, to love the 24 y Every place whereon the soles of your LORD your God, and to serve him with all your feet shall tread, shall be yours; ? from the wilheart and with all your soul.

derness and Lebanon, from the river, the river 14 That d I will give you the rain of your land Euphrates, even unto the uttermost sea shall in his due season, the first rain and the latter your coast be. rain, that thou mayest gather in thy corn, and 25 a There shall no man be able to stand bethy wine, and thine oil.

fore you: for the LORD your God shall • lay the - 15' And I will send grass in thy fields for fear of you and the dread of you, upon all the thv cattle, that thou mayest heat and be full. land that ye shall tread upon, as he hath said

16 Take heed to yourselves, i that your heart unto you. be not deceived, and ye turn aside, and

26 T. Behold, I set before you this day a blessother gods, and worship them;

ing and a curse; 17 And then ithe Lord's wrath be kindled 27 A blessing, if ye obey the commandments against you, and he mshut up the heaven, that of the LORD your God, which I command you there be no rain, and that the land yield not her this day; fruit;, and lest "ye perish quickly from off the 28 And a 'curse if ye will not obey the comgood land which the LORD giveth you.

mandments of the Lord your God, but turn aside 18 I Therefore shall ye lay up these my out of the way which I command you this day, to words in your heart and in your soul, and P bind go after other gods, which ye have not known. them for a sign upon your hand, that they may 29 And it shall come to pass when the LORD be as frontlets between your eyes.

thy God hath brought thee in unto the land whi19 9 And ye shall teach them your children, ther thou goest to possess it, that thou shalt put speaking of them when thou sittest in thine & the blessing upon mount Gerizim, and the house, and when thou walkest by the way, curse upon mount Ebal. w Exod. 3. 6.- Zech. 14. 18-4 Ch. 8. 7.—2 Heb seeketh.-a 1 Kings 9. 3. p Ch. 6. 8-9 Ch. 4. 9, 10 & 6. 7.- Ch. 6.9.-$ Ch4. 40. & 6.2. Prov. 3. 2 & 4

serve

+ Ver. 22 Ch. 6. 17.- Ch. 10. 12- Lev. 23. 4. Ch. 8. 12- Joel 2 23. James 5 7.- PxL 101 11.- Heb gine.-- Ch. 6. 11. Joel 2 19.-1 Ch. 29. 18 Job 31. 27. k Ch. & 19. & 30.11.- Ch 6. 15. - 1 kings 8. 35. 2 Chron. 6. 26. & 7. 13.- Ch. 4. 3. & 8. 19, 20. a 30. 18. Josh. B. 13, 15, 16 - Ch. 6. 6. & 32. 46.

10 & 9.11. - P. 72. 5. & 89. 29-u Ver. 13. Ch. 6. 17.-v Ch. 10. 20. & 30. 20. v Ch. 4. 38. & 9.5.-x Ch. 9. 1.-y Joah. 1. 8. & 14.9.-2 Gen. 15. 18. Exod. 23. 31. Numb. 34. 3, &c.-a Ch 7. 21.-6 Ch. 2. 25.- Exod. 2. 2.- Ch. 30. 1, 15, 19. e Ch 28.2- Ch. 2. 15.-g Ch. 27. 12, 13. Josh. 8. 33.

Verse 10. Wateredst it with thy foot] Rain scarcely of heaven falls by particular direction, and the showers ever falls in Egypt; and God supplies the lack of it by are regulated by an especial Providence. the inundations of the Nile. In order to water the grounds Verse 13. Therefore shall ye lay up these my words] where the inundations do not extend, water is collected in See chap. vi. 4—3. and see on Exod. xiii. 9. ponds, and directed in streamlets to different parts of the Verse 24. From the river] Euphrates, which was on field where irrigation is necessary. It is no unusual thing the east, to the uttermost sea, the Mediterranean, which in the east, to see a man, with a small mattock, making a lay westward of the promised land. This promise, notlittle trench for the water to run by, and as he opens the withstanding the many provocations of the Israelites, was passage, the water following, he uses his foot to raise up | fulfilled in the time of Solomon, for “he reigned over all the mould against the side of this little channel, to prevent the kings from the river (Euphrates) even unto the land the water from being shed unnecessarily, before it reaches of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt." See 2 the place of its destination. Thus he may be said to water Chron. ix. 26.--See the note on Numb. xxxiv. 12. the ground with his foot. See several useful observations Verse 26. Behold, I sel before you-a blessing and a on this subject in Mr. Harmer, vol. i. p. 23—26. and vol. curse) If God had not put it in the power of this people iii. p.411. But after all, the expression, water it with thy either to obey or disobey; if they had not had a free will foot, may mean no more than doing it by labour: for as over which they had complete authority, to use it either in the land of Egypt there is scarcely any rain, the water in the way of willing or nilling, could God, with any ing of gardens, &c. must have been all artificial. But in propriety, have given such precepts as these, sanctioned Judea it was different, as there they had their proper sea with such promises and threatenings? If they were not sons of rain. The compound word bona beregil, with, free agents they could not be punished for disobedience, under, or by the foot, is used to signify any thing under nor could they, in any sense of the word, have been rethe power, authority, &c. of a person: and this very mean wardable for obedience. A STONE is not rewardable, being it has in the sixth verse, all the substance that was in cause in obedience to the laws of graritation, it always their possession, is, literally, all the substance that was un tends to the centre; nor is it punishable, because in being der their feel, D.75ina beregileyhem, that is, in their power, removed from that centre, in its tending or falling toward possession, or what they had acquired by their labour. it again, it takes away the life of a man.

Verse 14. The rain-in his due season, the first rain That God has given man a free, self-determining will, and the latter rain) By the first or former rain, we are which cannot be forced by any power but that which is to understand that which fell in Judea about November, omnipotent, and which God himself never will force, is when they sowed their seed; and this served to moisten declared in the most formal manner through the whole of and prepare the ground for the vegetation of the seed. The the Sacred Writings. No argument can affect this, while latter rain fell about April, when the corn was well grown the Bible is considered as a divine revelation: no sophistry up, and served to fill the ears, and render them plump and can explain away its evidence, as long as the accountableperfect. Rain rarely fell in Judea at any other season, ness of man for his conduct is admitted; and as long as than these. If the former rain were withheld, or not sent the eternal bounds of moral good and eril remain, and the in due season, there could be no vegetation: if the latter essential distinctions between vice and virtue exist. If rain were withheld, or not sent in its due season, there ye will obey (for God is ever ready to assist) ye shall live : could be no full corn in the ear, and consequently no har- | if ye will disobey, and refuse that help, ye shall die. So vest. Of what consequence then was it that they should hath Jehovah spoken, and man cannot reverse it. have their rain in due season! God, by promising this, Verse 29. Thou shalt put the blessing upon mount provided they were obedient, and threatening to withhold Gerizim, and the curse upon mount Ebal.] The etymolit should they be disobedient, shows, that it is not a general ogy of these names may be supposed to cast some light on providence that directs these things-but that the very rain this institution. ovu gerizim, from w garaz, to cut

ollerings, &c 21, 27.

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30 Are they not on the other side Jordan, by heave-offerings of your hand, and your vows, the way where the sun goeth down, in the land and your free-will-offerings, and the firstlings of of the Canaanites, which dwell in the cham- your herds and of your flocks. paign over against Gilgal, “beside the plains of 7 And w there ye shall eat before the Lord Moreh ?

your God, and - ye shall rejoice in all that ye 31 For ye shall pass over Jordan to go in to put your hand unto, ye and your households, possess the land which the LORD your God giveth wherein the LORD thy God hath blessed thee. you, and ye shall possess it, and dwell therin. 8 Ye shall not do after all the things that we

22 And ye shall observe kto do all the statutes do here this day, y every man whatsoever is and judgments, which I set before you this day. right in his own eyes. CHAPTER XII.

9 For ye are not as yet come to the rest and

to the inheritance which the LORD your God All monumeots of Idolatry in the promised land to be destroyed, 1–3. And God's ". . giveth you. service in the wildernes, and in the promiser land, 8-11 The people are to be 10 But when ? ye go over Jordan, and dwell in happy in all the religious observances, 12. The offerings must be brought to the place which Ciwi npopvinu, and no blond is to be caten, 13–16. The tithe of corn, the land which the Lord your God giveth you to

de base de tot in die place that lived dull comments. The first one inherit, and when he giveth you rest from all your out before clue Lion) nud te caten on vo pretence whatever, 21.5. Of vows. tur enemies round about, so that ye dwell in safety ;

These precepus are to be carefully obeyel, 23. against the abominations of the heathen, 2.-31. Nothing to be added to, or dinin

11 Then there shall be a á place which the ished trota, the word of God, 32.

Lord your God shall choose, to cause his name judgments, which ye shall ob- command you; your burnt-offerings, and your serve to do in the land, which the Lord God of sacrifices, your títhes and the heave-offering of thy fathers giveth thee to possess it, m all the your hand, and all your choice vows which ye days that ye live upon the earth.

vow unto the LORD : 2 " Ye shall utterly destroy all the places 12 And ye shall rejoice before the LORD your wherein the nations which ye shall • possess God, ye, and your sons, and your daughters, and served their gods, P upon the high mountains, your men-servants, and your maid-servants, and and upon the hills, and under every green tree the Levite that is within your gates : forasmuch

3 And 4 ye shall r overthrow their altars, and as a he hath no part nor inheritance with you. break their pillars, and burn their groves with 13 e Take heed to thyself that thou offer not fire; and ye shall hew down the graven images thy burnt-offerings in every place that thou seest: of their gods, and destroy the names of them 14 ' But in the place which the LORD shall out of that place.

choose in one of thy tribes, there thou shalt 4 T. Ye shall not do so unto the LORD your offer thy burnt-offerings, and there thou shalt do God.

all that I command thee. 5 But unto the place which the Lord your God 15 | Notwithstanding sthou mayest kill and shall choose, out of all your tribes to put his eat flesh in all thy gates, according to whatsoname there, even unto his habitation shall ye ever thy soul lasteth after, according to the blessşeek, and thither thou shalt come:

ing of the Lord thy God which he hath giren 6 And " thither ye shall bring your burnt-offer- thee: hthe unclean and the clean may eat thereings, and your sacrifices, and your "tithes, and of, i as of the roebuck, and as of the hart.

h Gen. 12. & Jodgea 7. 1.-i Ch. 9. 1. Joah. I. II.-k Ch. 5. 32 & 12 32-1 Ch. 6.
1.- Ch. 4. 10. I kinzy 8. 40.-n Exol. 31. 13 Ch 7.5.-o Or, inherit. -p 2 Kings
16. L. & 17. 10. 11. Jer. 3.6.- Nurnb. 32. 32. Judg 2.2-r Heb break down. - Ver. 2016 2. &c & 17.8 & 19.6. & 2. 16. & 3 2&31 11. Josh 181. Ik

Paa. 78. 6$. - Heb. the choice of your vous. - Ver. 1.- Ch 10 .IL

w Ch. 14. 26. - X Ver. 12, 18. Lev. 23. 40. Ch. 16. 11, 14. 15 & 26. IL & 27.1. y Judg. 17. 6. & 21. 25.-- Ch. 11. 31-a Ver. 5, 14, 19, 21, 5. & Ch 14. 23 & 1-5

31.-t Ver. 11. Ch. 26. 2 Josh 9. 27. 1 Kinga 8. 29. 2 Chron. 7. 12 Pa 78. 68. u Lev. 17. 3. 4.--y Ver. 17. Ch. 14. 22, 23. & 15. 19, 20.

e Lev. 17. 4.- Ver. 11.-g Ver. 21. -- Ver. 22.-i Ch. 11. 5. & 15. 22.

cut off-cut down-hence onu gerizim, the cutters doun, proof of the declaration of Moses, chap. xxviii. 23. The fellers, and reapers or harvest-men--this mountain being hearen over their head is brass; the earth under their feet, supposed to have its name from its great sertility, or the iron. The land itself, in its present state, is an ample abundance of the crops it yielded, which is a possible case. proof of the authenticity of the Pentateuch. Should facts Savy cbal, or eybal, the root is not found in Hebrew; but of this kind be lost sight of, by any one who reauis the in Arabic is âbala, signifies rough, rugged, curled, &c. Sacred Writings? and whicl abalo, from the same root, signifies white stones ;

NOTES ON CHAPTER XII. and a mountain in which such stones are found, hall Verse 3. Ye shall overthrow their altars) Where unholy alabalo, the mountain of white stones.--See Giggius and sacrifices have been offered. Ye shall break their pillarsGolius. And as it is supposed that the mountain had this probably meaning statues and representations of their gods name because of its barrenness, on this metaphorical in- cut out of stone.— Ye shall burn their groces-such as terpretation, the sense of the passage would appear to be those about the temple of Ashtaroth, the Canaanitish Ve the following:--God will so superintend the land, and nus, whose impure rites were practised in difierent parts have it continually under the eye of his watchful provi- of the enclosures or groves round her temples.-- Ye stal! dence, that no change can happen in it, but according to hew down the graven images-probably implying all his divine counsel; so that its fertility shall ever he ihe images carved out of wood. And shall destroy the names consequence of the faithful obedience of its inhabitants; of them—which were no doubt at first graven on the and a proof of the blessing of God upon it. On the con stones, and carved on the trees, and then applied to the trary, its barrenness shall be a proof that the people have surrounding districts. In various instances, ihe names of departed from their God: and that his curse has, in con whole mountains, valleys, and districts, were borrored sequence, fallen upon the land.--See the manner of placing from the gods worshipped there. these blessings and curses, chap. xxvii. 12, &c. That Verse 14. The place which the Lord shall choose] To Gerizim is very fruitful; and that Ebal is very barren, is prevent idolatry, and bring about a perfect uniforinity in the united testimony of all who have travelled in those parts: the divine worship, which at that time was essentially nesee Ludolf, Reland, Rab. Benjamin, and Mr. Maundrel. cessary; because every rite and ceremony had a deterSychem lies in the valley between these two mountains. minate meaning, and pointed out the good things which

"That the land of Judea was nuturally very fertile, can were to come; therefore one place must be established scarcely be supposed by any who considers the accounts where those rites and ceremonies should be carefully and given of it by travellers: with the exception of a few dis- punctually observed. Had it not been so, every man would iricts, the whole land is dry, stony, and barren, and par have formed his worship according to his own mind, and ticularly all the southern parts of Judea, and all the envi- the whole beauty and importance of the grand representarons of Jerusalem : most of which is represented as abso tire system would have been destroyed; and the Messiah lutely incapable of cultivation. How then could it ever and the glories of his kingdom could not have been seen support its vast number of inhabitants ? By the especial through the medium of the Jewish ritual. For uniformity providence of God. While God kept that people under in every part of the divine worship, the same necessity his continual protection, their land was a paradise--they does not now exist; because that which was typified is lent to all nations and borrowed from none: what has it come, and the shadows have all fed away. Yet when it been since ? a demi solitude-because that especial blessing can be obtained, how desirable is it, that all sincere Chrisno longer descends upon it. No land, says Calmet, was tians should, with one mouth, as well as with one heari, more fertile while under the benediction of God; none glorify their common Lord and Saviour! more barren when under his curse. Its present state is a Verse 15. Thou mayest kill and eat fesh in all thy

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