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say, when they see the plagues of that land, and 2 And shalt return unto the LORD thy God, the sicknesses "which the Lord hath laid upon it; and shalt obey his voice, according to all that i

23 And that the whole land thereof is briin- command thee this day, thou and thy children, stone and salt, and burning, that it is not sown, with all thine heart, and with all thy soul; nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, plike 3 ? That then the LORD thy God will turn thy the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his will return and á gather thee from all the nations, anger, and in his wrath:

whither the LORD thy God hath scattered thee. 24 Even all nations shall say, Wherefore 4 b If any of thine be driven out unto the ulhath the Lord done thus unto this land ? what most parts of heaven, from thence will the LORD meaneth the heat of this great anger ?

thy God gather thee, and from thence will he 25 Then men shall say, Because they have retch thee: forsaken the covenant of the LORD God of their 5 And the LORD thy God will bring thee into fathers, which he made with them when he the land which thy fathers possessed, and thou brought them forth out of the land of Egypt: shalt possess it; and he will do thee good, and

26 For they went and served other gods, and multiply thee above thy fathers. worshipped them, gods whom they knew not, 6 And the LORD thy God will circumcise thine and r whom he had not given unto them: heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the

27 And the anger of the LORD was kindled LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all against this land, to bring upon it all the curses thy soul, that thou mayest live. that are written in this book:

7 And the LORD thy God will put all these 28 And the LORD u rooted them out of their curses upon thine enemies, and on them that land in anger, and in wrath, and in great indig. hate thee, which persecuted thee. nation, and cast them into another land, as it is 8 And thou shall return and obey the voice of this day.

the LORD, and do all his commandments which 29 The secret things belong unto the Lord I command thee this day. our God: but those things which are revealed 9 d And the LORD thy God will make thee belong unto us, and to our children for ever, that plenteous in every work of thine hand, in the we may do all the words of this law.

fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, CHAPTER XXX.

and in the fruit of thy land, for good for the Gracions promises are given to the penitent, 1-6. The Lord will circumcise their Lord will again rejoice over thee for good, as

he rejoiced over thy fathers:

10 If thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the

LORD thy God, to keep his commandments and ANI

ND "it shall come to pass, when his statutes, which are written in this book of

w all these things are come upon the law, and if thou turn unto the LORD thy God thee, the blessing and the curse, which I have with all thine heart, and with all thy soul. set before thee, and thou shalt call them to 11 | For this commandment which I commind, among all the nations, whither the LORD mand 'thee this day, 'it is not hidden from thee, thy God hath driven thee,

neither is it far off.

if , keep his testimonies, 7–10. The wond is near to them, and easy to be understood, 11-14 Lite and death, a blessing and a course, are sot kufore them, and they are Eshorted to love the Lord, obey his voice and cleave unto him, that they may inherit

the land promised to Abraham, 15--20. An. Exol. Isr. 40.

Serat.

n Heb. wherewith the LORD hath made it sick.-- Psa. 107. 34. Jer. 17. 6. Zeph. 2. 9-p Gen 19. 24, 25. Jer. 20. 16 -9 1 Kings 1. 8, 9. Jer. 22 8,9:-Or, who hind not given to them any portion.-s Heb. dirided.- Dan. 9. 11, 13, 14. - 1 Kings 14. 15. 2 Chron. 7. 20. Pra, 52. 5. Prov. 2 22- Lev. 26. 40.-w Cb. 28.

x Ch. 4. 29. 30. I King 8. 47, 48-y Neh. 1. 9. Isaj 55. 7. Lam 3 0 Joel 2 , 13.-2 Pea. 106. 15. & 19.1, 4. Jer. 29. 14. Lam. 3. 22, 32.--a Pa 147.2 Jer. 29. Ezek 31. 13. & 36. 21.-- Ch. 28. 64. Neh. I. 9.-- Ch 10. 16. Jer. 32 33 E IL 19. & 36. 26.--d Ch. 28.11.-- Ch. 39. 6. Jer. 32 41.- Isai. 45. 19.

expression, denoting the utmost indulgence in all sensual importance to them, and have affixed marks to the original, gratifications.

Verse 26. Gods-whom he had not giren unto them] 1203359135 lanu ulebaneynu, to us and to our CHILDREN, This is an unhappy translation. Houbigant renders the in order to fix the attention of the Reader on truths which original words Ons pin 15 oclo chelek lehem, et quibus affect them individually, and not them only, but the whole cum nulla cis societas: “And with whom they had no of their posterity. society," and falls unmercifully on Le Clerc, because he had translated it, from whom they had received no benefits.

NOTES ON CHAPTER XXX. I must differ from both these great men, because I think Verse 1. When all these things are come upon thee, the they differ from the text, psn chelek, signifies a portion, blessing and the curse) So fully did God foresee the bed lot, inherilance, and God is frequently represented in use these people would make of their free-agency, in re. Scripture as the portion or inheritance of his people. sisting the Holy Ghost, that he speaks of their sin and Here, therefore, I think the original should be rendered, punishment as certain; yet, at the same time, shows how And there was no portion to them; that is, the gods they they might turn to himself and live, even while he was served could neither supply their wants nor save their pouring out his indignation upon them because of their souls; they were no portion.

trangressions. Verse 29. The secret things belong unto the Lord, Verse 3. Gather thee from all the nations] This mus &c.] This verse has been variously translated. Hou- refer to a more extensive captivity than that which they bigant renders it thus: Quæ apud Dominum nostrum suffered in Babylon. abscondita sunt, nobis ea filiisque nostris palam fucla Verse 5. Will bring thee into the land) As this proroise sunt ad multas ætates—"The things which were hidden refers to a return from a captivity in which they had been with the Lord our God, are made manifest to us and our scattered among all nations, consequently it is not the children for many generations." I am not satisfied with Babylonish captivity which is intended ; and the repossesthis interpretation; and find that the passage was not so sion of their land must be different from that which was understood by any of the ancient versons. The simple consequent on their return from Chaldea. general meaning seems to be this—"What God has thought Verse 6. God will circumcise thine heart] This promise proper to reveal, he has revealed: what he has revealed is remains yet to be fulfilled. Their heart, as a people, has essential to the well-being of man; and this revelation is never yet been circumcised; nor have the various promises intended not for the present time merely, nor for one peo in this chapter been ever yet fulfilled. There remaineta, ple, but for all succeeding generations. The things which therefore, a rest for this people of God. Now, as the lar, he has not revealed, concern not man, but God alone; and properly speaking, made no provision for the circumcision are therefore not to be inquired after." Thus, then, the of the heart, which implies the remission of sins, and things that are hidden, belong unto the Lord; those purification of the soul from all unrighteousness; and as that are revealed, belong unto us and our children. Buit circumcision itself was only a sign of spiritual good. conpossibly the words here refer to the subjects of these chap- sequently the promise here refers to the days of the Mesters, as if he had said, "Apostacy from God and his truth siah ; and to this all the prophets and all the apostles give is possible. When a national apostacy among us may witness; for circumcision is that of the heart, by the Spirit, take place, is known only to God: but he has revealed and not in the letter, Rom. 11. 29. and the genuine followers himself to us and our children, that we may do all the of God are circumcised with the circumcision made with words of this law, and so prevent the dreadful evils that out hands--by the circumcision of Christ, Coloss. ij. 11, shall fall on the disobedient." The Jews have always con 12. Hence we see, these promises cannot be fulfilled to the sidered these verses as containing subjects of the highest ! Jews, but in their embracing the Gospel of Christ. To

ANPOs sentent andet

12 m It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest

CHAPTER XXXI. say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and

Moses being one hundred and twenty years old and about to die, calls the people to bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it ? gether and exhorts them to courage ali obrience, 1-6. Delivers a charge to

Joshua, 7, 8. Delivers the law which he had written to the priests with a solemn 13 Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou charge that they should real it every seventh year, publicly to all the people, 9.-13.

The Lord calls Moscu anul Joshua to the tabernacle, 14. He appears to them, inshouldest say, Who shall go over the sea for us,

forins Moses of his approaching death, and delivers to him a prophetical and his and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and torical song or poem which he is to leave with Terael, for their imetruction and re

prvo, 15-21. Mon writes te song de sune day, and teaches it to the Israelites do it?

22 gives Joshua a chirge, B3. finishea writing the look of the law, 24. Commands 14 But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy the Levites to lay it up in the side of the ark, 25, 25. Prelicts their rebullions, 27.

Orders the ellers to be there together, and show them what evil would belall mouth, and in thy heart, ihat thou mayest do it. the poople in the latter days, 25, P. and repeat the song to them, 30. 15 | See, " I have set before thee this day ND Moses went and spake these an. Exoil. Is. 40.

Schat. life and good, and death and evil:

16 In that I command thee this day to love 2 And he said unto them, I am an hundred the Lord thy God, to walk in his ways, and to and twenty years old this day; I can no more

b keep his commandments and his statutes, and go out and come in: also the Lord hath said his judgments, that thou mayest live and mul- unto me, Thou shalt not go over this Jordan. tiply : and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in 3 The LORD thy God, d he will go over before the land whither thou goest to possess it. thee, and he will destroy these nations from be

17 But if thine heart turn away, so that thou fore thee, and thou shalt possess them; and wilt not hear, but shalt be drawn away, and Joshua, he shall go over before thee, as the worship other gods, and serve them :

Lord hath said. 18 o 1 denounce unto you this day, that ye 4 And the LORD shall do unto them as he shall surely perish, and that ye shall not prolong did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites; your days upon the land, whither thou passest and unto the land of them, whom he destroyed. over Jordan to go to possess it.

5 And b the LORD shall give them up before 19 PI call heaven and earth to record this day your face, that ye may do unto them according against you, that I have set before you life and unto all the commandments which I have comdeath, blessing and cursing: therefore choose manded you. life, that both thou and thy seed may live: 6 i Be strong and of a good courage, « fear

20 That thou mayest love the Lord thy God, not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy and that thou mayest obey his voice, and that God, he it is that doth go with thee; n he will thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, not fail thee, nor forsake thee. and the length of thy daye; that thou mayest 7 | And Moses called unto Joshua, and said dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto unto him in the sight of all Israel, thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, and of a good courage: for thou must go with to give them.

this people unto the land which the Lord hath

n

Be strong

ra Rom 10.6, e-- Ver. 1, 19. Ch. IL 26.-0 Ch 4.2 & 8. 19.--p Ch. 4. 35. & 31. 2.-- Ver. 15 - Pa 27 1 & 669 John 11. 25.-- Ch 4. 40 & 11. 9. & 12. 10. --a Exod. 7. Ch. 31. 7.-- Numb. 27. 17. 1 Kings 3.7.-c Nurnb. 20. 12. & 17. 13.

Ch. 3. 27 Ch 9.3.-e Numb. 27. 21. Ch. 3. 29. Ch. 3, 21.-e Numb. 21. 84, 33 hCh.7.2 -- Josh. 10. 35. I Chron. 22. 13.-- Ch. 1. 29.& 7. 18.- Ch 20. 4.-- Josh. 1. 5. Heb. 13. 5.--n Ver. 23. Ch. 1. 38. & 3. 28. Josh. 1. 6.

look, therefore, for their restoration, is idle and nugatory, constructed on this ground: that is, they all necessarily while their obstinacy and unbelief remain.

suppose the freedom of the human will: nor could it be Verse 11. This commandment is not hidden] Not will if it were not free; because the principle of freedom too wonderful or difficult for thee to comprehend or per or liberty is necessarily implied in the idea of volition.form, as the word so niphleth, implies,-neither is it See on chap. v. 29. far off ; the word or doctrine of salvation shall be pro Verse 19. See the note on the preceding verse. claimed in your own land; for He is to be born in Beihle Vetse 20. That thou mayest love the Lord] Without hem of Judah, who is to feed and save Israel--and the lore there can be no obedience. Prophet who is to teach them, is to be raised up from Obcy his roice] Without obedience, love is fruitless and among their brethren.

dead. Verse 12. It is not in heaven] Shall not be communi And-cleare unto him] Without close attachment and cated in that way in which the prophets received the living perseverance, temporary love, however sincere and servent, oracles, but the word shall be made flesh, and dwell temporary obedience, however disinterested, energetic, and among you.

pure, while it lasts, will be ultimately ineffectual. —He Verse 13. Neither is it beyond the sea] Ye shall not be alone, who endures to the end, shall be saved. Reader, obliged to travel for it to distant nations, because salvation how do matters stand between God and thy soul? He is of the Jews.

cannot persevere in the grace of God, whose soul is not Verse 14. But the word is very nigh unto thee) The yet made a partaker of that grace. Many talk strenuously doctrine of salvation preached by the apostles-in thy on the impossibility of falling from grace, who have not mouth-the promises of redemption made by the prophets, yet tasted that the Lord is gracious. How absurd to talk forming a part of every Jew's creed, -in thy heari—the and dispute about the infallibility of arriving safely at the power to believe with the heart unto righteousness, that end of a way, in which a man has never yet taken one the tongue may make confession unto salvation. In this hearty step! It is never among those that have the grace way it is evident St. Paul understood these passages. See of God, but among those that have it not, that we find an Rom. x. 6, &c.

overweening confidence. Verse 15. Life and good] Present and future blessings. Death and evil] Present and future miseries, termed,

NOTES ON CHAPTER XXXI. ver. 19. Life and death, blessing and cursing. And why Verse 2. I am an hundred and twenty years old] The were these set before them? 1. That they might com life of Moses, the great prophet of God, and lawgiver of prehend their import. 2. That they might feel their im- the Jews, was exactly the same in length, as the time portance. 3. That they might choose life, and the path of Nonh employed in preaching righteousness to the antedibelieving, loving obedience that led to it. 4. That they and luvian world. These one hundred and twenty years were their posterity, thus choosing life, and refusing evil, might divided into three remarkable periods. Forty years he be the favourites of God in time and eternity.

lived in Egypt, in Pharaoh's court, acquiring all the Were there no such thing as free will in man, who could learning and wisdom of the Egyptians, see Acts vii. 20. reconcile these sayings either with sincerity or common 23. Forty years he sojourned in the land of Midian in sense! God has made the human will free, and there is no a state of preparation for his great and important mission, power or influence, either in heaven, earth, or hell, on this Acts vii. 29, 30. and forty years he guided, led, and govside the power of God, that can deprive it of its free voli- erned the Israelites under the express direction and autions ; of its power to will and nill, to choose and refuse, thority of God. In all, one hundred and twenty years. to act or not act-or force it to sin against God. Hence Verse 3. Joshua he shall go over before thee) See on man is accountable for his actions, because they are his Numb. xxvii. 17, &c. were he necessitated by fate, or govereign constraint, they Verse 6. Be strong] pin chizeku, the same word that could not be his. Hence he is rewardable-hence he is is used Exod. iv. 21. ix. 15. for hardening Pharaoh's punishable. God, in his creation, willed that the human heart. See the notes there. The Septuagint, in this and creature should be free, and he formed his soul accordingly; the following verse, have avopicov kat 10 Xve, play the man, and the Law and Gospel, the promise and precept, the de- and be strong: and from this St. Paul seems to have munciation of wo, and the doctrine of eternal life, are all borrowed his ideas, 1 Cor. xiv. 13. SNKETE ev on RISE"

499

sworn unto their fathers to give them; and thou 16 | And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, shalt cause them to inherit it.

thou shalt 8 sleep with thy fathers; and this peo8 And the Lord, o he it is that doth go before ple will rise up, and go a whoring after the thee: P he will be with thee, he will not fail gods of the strangers of the land, whither they thee, neither forsake thee: sear not, neither be go to be among them; and will & forsake me, and dismayed.

b break my covenant which I have made with 9 T'And Moses wrote this law, and deliver- | them. ed it unto the priests, the sons of Levi, which 17 Then my anger shall be kindled against bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and them in that day, and I will forsake them, and unto all the elders of Israel.

I will " hide my face from them, and they shall 10 And Moses commanded them, saying, At be devoured, and many evils and troubles shall the end of every seven years, in the solemnity befall them; so that they will say in that day, of the year of release, u in the feast of taber m Are not these evils come upon us, because our nacles,

God is not among us? 11 When all Israel is come to appear be 19 And I will surely hide my face in that day, fore the Lord thy God in the place which he for all the evils which they shall have wrought, shall choose, w thou shalt read this law before in that they are turned unto other gods. all Israel in their hearing,

19 Now therefore write ye this song for you, 12 * Gather the people together, men, and and teach it the children of Israel; put it in their women, and children, and thy stranger that is mouths, that this song may be pa witness for within thy gates, that they may hear, and that me against the children of Israel. they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and 20 For when I shall have brought them into observe to do all the words of this law:

the land which I sware unto their fathers, that 13 And that their children, y which have not floweth with milk and honey; and they shall known any thing, may hear, and learn to fear have eaten and filled themselves, ' and waxen the LORD your God, as long as ye live in the fat; 'then will they turn unto other gods, and land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it. serve them, and provoke me, and break my co

14 | And the Lord said unto Moses, Be- venant. hold, thy days approach that thou must die; call 21 And it shall come to pass when many Joshua, and present yourselves in the taberna- evils and troubles are befallen them, that this cle of the congregation, that "I may give him a song shall testify against them as a witness; charge. And Moses and Joshua went, and pre- for it shall not be forgotten out of the mouths sented themselves in the tabernacle of the con- of their seed: for I know their imagination gregation.

" which they go about, even now, before I have 15 And the LORD appeared in the tabernacle brought them into the land which I sware. in a pillar of a cloud: and the pillar of the cloud 22 Moses therefore wrote this song the same stood over the door of the tabernacle.

day, and taught it the children of Israel.

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o Exod. 13. 21.22 & 33. 14. Ch. 9.3.- Josh. 1 5,9. I Chron. 29. 20.-r Ver. 25. Ch 17. 18. Nunb. 4. 15. Josh. 3. 3. 1 Chron. 15. 12, 15.- Ch. 15. 1.- Lev. 23. 31. - Ch. 16. 16. --W Josh. 8. 31, 35. 2 Kings B 2 Neh & 1, 2, 3, &c.--Ch. 4. 10. Ch 11.2. - Psa. 78. 6,7-a Nunb. 27. 13. Ch. 34.5 - Ver. 2. Numh. 27. 19. C Exod. 33. 9.- Hcb. lie down. 2 Sam. 7. 12

e Exod. 32 6.- Exod. 31. 15. Judg. 2 17.- Ch 32. 15 Jogg 2 12 & 16,13 h Julg 2 20.- 2 Chron. 15. 2-k Ch. 32. 20. Fin. 104. 29. Isai. & 17.4 54 7. Ek 9. 2.- Heb find them. Neh. 9. 32-m Judg. 6 13 - Numb 11 12o Ver. 17. p Ver. 26.-r Ch. 32 15 Neh. 9. 25, 26. Hox. 13. 6.- Ver 16.- Va 17.- Het before.-v Hos 5. 3. & 13. 5,6.-W Amos 5. 25, 26 - Hebrew, de.

aydpescade, xpariovode. Stand firm in the faith ; play the mentioned Joshua vin. 30. at which time this publie read. man, act like heroes; be vigorous.

ing first took place, till the reign of Jchoshaphat, 2 Chron. Verse 8. The Lord-doih go before thee) To prepare xvii

. 7. there was any public seventh year reading, a pethy way, and to direct thee.

riod of 530 years. The next seventh year reading was He will be with thee) Accompany thee in thy journeys; not till the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah, 2 Chrou. and assist thee in all thy enterprises.

xxiv. 30. a space of tico hundred and eighty-tico years. Ile will not fail thee) 'Thy expectation, however strong Nor do we find any other publicly mentioned from this and extensive, shall never be disappointed—thou canst time, till the return from the Babylonish captivity, Velu not expect too much from him.

viii. 2. Nor is there any other on record from that time to Neither forsake thee) He knows that without him thou the destruction of Jerusalem.-See Dodd. canst do nothing, and therefore he will continue with thee, Verse 16. Behold thou shalt sleep with thy fathers) 19 and in such a manner too, that the excellence of the power shoceb, thou shall lie down, it signifies to rest, take rest in shall appear to be of him, and not of man.

sleep, and metaphorically to die. Much stress cannot be Verse 9. Moses wrote this law) Not the whole Penta- safely laid on this expression, to prove the immortality of teuch, but either the discourses and precepts mentioned in the soul, or that the people, in the time of Moses had a the preceding chapters; or the book of Deuteronomy, distinct notion of its separate existence. It was, howeser, which is most likely.

understood in this sense by Jonathan ben Uzziel, who in Some of the rabbins have pretended that Moses wrote his Targum, paraphrases the word thus: “Thou shalt le Thirteen copies of the whole Pentateuch; that he gave one down in the dust with thy fathers; and thy soul (1905) to each of the twelve tribes, and the thirteenth was laid up nishmatac) shall be laid up in the treasury of the life to by the ark. This opinion deserves little credit.

Some

come, with thy fathers." think that he wrote two copies; one of which he gave to Verse 19. I will surely hide my face) Withdraw my the priests and Levites, for general use, according to what approbation and my protection. This is a general meanis said in this verse; the other to be laid up beside the ark, ing of the word in Scripture. as a standard copy for reference; and to be a witness Verse 19. Write ye this song] The song which folagainst the people, should they break it, or become idola- lows in the next chapter. Things which were of great imtrous. This second copy is supposed to be intended, ver. portance and of common concern were, among the ancients, 26. As the law was properly a covenant or contract be- put into verse, as this was found the best method of keep tween God and the people, it is natural to suppose that ing them in remembrance; especially in those times, when there were two copies of it, that each of the contracting writing was little practised. Even prose was sometimes parties might have one; therefore one was laid up beside The history of Herodotus was divided into Tax ihe ark; this was the Lord's copy: another was given to books, and each inscribed with the name of one of the TEN the priests and Levites; this was the people's copy. Muses, because these books were anciently sung. Homer

Verse 10 and 11. At the end of every seven yearsthou is reported to have sung his poems through different Greek shalt read this law] Every seventh year was a year of re cities. Aristotle observes, that anciently, the people sung lease, Deut. xv. 1. at which time the people's minds being their lars. And Cicero observes, that it was a custom under a peculiar degree of solemnity, were better disposen among the ancient Romans to sing the praises of their he: to hear and profit by the words of God. I suppose on this roes at the public festivals. This was the case among the ground also, that the whole book of Deuteronomy is meant northern inhabitants of Europe, particularly in Ireland and As it alone contains an epitome of the whole Pentateuch. Scotland; hence the Gaelic poetry of Ossian and others.And in this way some of the chief Jewish rabbins under. See Dodd; and see the note on Exod. xv. I, where the stand this place.

subject is largely treated. It is strange that this commandmens, relative to a public Verse 21. This song shall testify against them) Becans reading of the law every seven years, should have been in it, their general defection is predicted, but in such a way rarely attended to. It does not appear that from the time, as to show them how to avoid the evil-and if they did not

SUTI.

23 And he gave Joshua, the son of Nun, the way, which I have commanded you; and a charge, and said, 2 Be strong and of a good hevil will befall you i in the latter days; because courage; for thou shalt bring the children of Is- ye will do evil in the sight of the Lord, to prorael into the land which I sware unto them; and voke him to anger through the work of your I will be with thee.

hands. 21 1 And it came to pass, when Moses had 30 And Moses spake in the ears of all the con made an end of writing the words of this law gregation of Israel the words of this song, until in a book, until they were finished,

they were ended. 25 That Moses commanded the Levites, which

CHAPTER XXXI. bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord, saying, the prophetient and historical resolutions are in first the nature of God'adac

26 Take this book of the law, band put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee. neck : behold, while I am yet alive with you thi G peakyand hear, o earth, the 27 For I know thy rebellion, and thy 'stiff

IVE ear, Oye heavens, and I will An. Exod. Ise. day, ye have been rebellious against the LORD; and how much more after my death?

words of my mouth. 28 Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, 2 My doctrines shall drop as the rain, my and your officers, that I may speak these words speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain in their ears, and call heaven and earth to re- upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon cord against them.

the grass. 29 For I know that after my death ye will ut 3 Because I will publish the name of the terly 6 corrupt yourselves, and turn aside from Lord: dascribe ye greatness unto our God.

are called to remember God's kind, 7 and his tealing with them Juring wir uravels in the wil erneex, 8-11. Der ingratitude and iniquity, 15.-18. They are threatened with his ja tymenite, 19-23 A pathetic lamentation over them tedatuse of their sina, 31. Gracions purposes in their behalf mixeni with reproaches for their manifoldulatries, and thenitiunge agus le envues, 36-12 A promise of salvation to the Gentiles, 13 Music's havmg finished the song, warmly exhorts the people to obe lience, 13– 17. God calls him up to the mount, urat he may see the goou land and then die, 43-52.

40.- Sebat.

y Verse 11- Verve 7. Josh. 1. 6.- Ver. 9.-See 2 Kinge 22.8.- Ver. 19. d Ch 9. 21 & 32 20.- Exol. 32 9. Ch. 9. 6.- Ch. 30. 19. & 32 1- Ch. 32. 5. Judg. 2 19. Hor. 9. 9.

h Ch. 3. 15 –ỉ Gen 49 1. Ch. { 30,-4 Ch. 4 độ. & 30. 19, & 31, 3 Pha 5 4. Isai. 1. 2. Jer. 2 12 & 6. 19.- Isai. 55. 10, IL. I Cor. 3. 6, 7, 8.-c Psa. 72. 6. Mie. 5. 7.-di Chron. 29. 11.

avoid the evil, and the threatened punishment should come force of his body, but also the musical tones and moduupon them, then the song should testify against them, by lations of his voice. showing that they had been sufficiently warned, and might

NOTES ON CHAPTER XXXII. have lived to God, and so escaped those disasters.

Verse 1. On the inimitable excellence of this ode, much Verse 26. Take this book of the law) The standard has been written by commentators, critics, and poets : and copy to which all transcripts must ultimately refer: another it is allowed by the best judges to contain a specimen of copy was put into the hands of the priests.--See the note almost every species of excellence in composition. It is on ver. 9.

so thoroughly poetic, that even the dull Jews themselves Verse 27. While I am yet alive-ye have been rebel- found they could not write it in the prose form; and hence lious] Such was the disposition of this people to act con it is distinguished as poetry in every Hebrew Bible, by trary to moral goodness, that Moses felt himself justified being written in its own hemistichs or short half lines, in inferring what would take place from what had already which is the general form of the Hebrew poetry; and happened.

were it translated in the same way, it would be more easily 1. Never wag a people more fully and faithfully warned; understood. The song itself has suffered both by tranand from this very circumstance we may see, that they scribers and translators--the former having mistaken some were under no fulal constraining necessity to commit sin letters in different places, and made wrong combinations against God-they might have avoided it, but they would of them in others." As to the translators, most of them not. God was present to help them, till, by their repeated have followed their own fancy from good Mr. Ainsworth, provocations they forced him to depart: wrath therefore who ruined it by the most inanimate-rhyming version, to came upon them to the uttermost, because they sin ned, certain later poets, who have cast it unhallowedly into an when they might have lived to the glory of God. Those European mould. See the observations at the end of the who abuse God's grace, shall not only have that grace chapter. taken away from them, but shall punished for the abuse Give ear, Oye heavens) Let angels and men hear; and of it, as well as for the transgression. Every sin is dou let this testimony of God be registered both in heaven and ble, and must have a twofold punishment:-1. Grace is earth. Heaven and earth are appealed to as permanent resisted; and 2. transgression committed : and God will witnesses. visit for both.

Verse 2. My doctrine) ps Likechi, from nps lakach, 2. How astonishing it is, that with such examples of to take, carry away--to attract, or gain orer the heart by God's justice before their eyes, the Jews should be so little eloquence or persuasive speech. Hence the Septuagint affected; and that the Gentiles, who have received the translate the word anopocyna, an apophthegm, a sentenGospel of God, should act as if God would no more pun tious and weighty saying, for the regulation of the moral ish transgression; or that he must be so partial to them, conduct. Such, properly, are the sayings in this inimias to pass by iniquities, for which the hand of his justice table ode. still continues heavy upon the descendants of Jacob! Let Shall drop as the rain] It shall come drop by drop as them take heed, for if God apared not the natural branches, the shower, beginning slowly and distinctly, but increasing he will not spare them. If they sin after the manner of more and more, till the pleniiude of righteousness is poured the Jews, they may expect to be partakers with them in down, and the whole canon of Divine Revelation comtheir punishments. What God does to nations, he will pleted. do to individuals, who reject his mercy, or trample under My speech shall distil as the dew] npn Imrati, my foot his grace; the soul that sinneth, and returns not to familiar, friendly, and affectionate speeches, shall descend God hy repentance and faith, shall die. This is a decree gently and softly on the ear and the heart, as the dew, of God that shall never be reversed ; and every day bears moistening and refreshing all around. In hot regions, witness how strictly he keeps it in view.

dew is often a substitute for rain--without it, there could 3. The ode composed by Moses for this occasion, was, be no fertility in those places, especially where rain seldom probably, set to some lively and affecting air, and sung by falls. And in such places only, can the metaphor here the people. It would be much easier to keep such a song used, be felt in its perfection. Homer uses a similar figure; in remembrance, than an equal quantity of prose. The when speaking of the eloquence of Ulysses, he says, Il. whole would have the additional circumstances of cadence r. ver. 221. and tune to cause it to be often repeated ; and thus ensure

Αλλ' οτε δη ρ' όπα τε μεγαλην εκ σηθεος ιει, its being kept in memory. Poetry, though oflen, nay

Και επεα νιφαδεσσιν εoικοτα χειμεριησινgenerally abused, is, nevertheless, a gift from God, and

But when he speaks what elocution flows! may be employed with the best effect in his service. A

Soft as the fleeces ol descending snowvery considerable part of the Old Testament is written in on the manner in which dew is produced, philosophers are poetry; particularly the whole book of Psalms, great not yet agreed. It was long supposed to descend, and to part of the prophet Isaiah, the Lamentations, and much difier only from rain, as less from more ; but the experiof the minor prophets. Those who speak against poetic ments of a French chymist seemed to prove, that dew compositions in the service of God, speak against what ascended in light thin vapours, and that meeting with a they do not understand. All that a man hath should be colder region of the air, it became condensed, and fell consecrated to his Maker, and employed in his service : down upon the earth. Other recent experiments, though not only the energy of his heart and mind, the physical they have not entirely invalidated the former, have ren

compusaed him about.- Deul 4. 36. - Pal 17.6. Prov. 7. 2 Zoch 28

eousness.'

"

4 He is the Rock, ' his work is perfect: for , and he will show thee; thy elders, and they will & all his ways are judgment: ha God of truth, tell thee. and without iniquity, just and right is he. 8 When the Most High divided to the na

5* They have corrupted themselves, their tions their inheritance, when he separated the spot is not the spot of his children; they are a sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people perverse and crooked generation.

according to the number of the children of Israel. 6 Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish 9 For the LORD's portion is his people; Japeople and unwise? is not he P thy father that cob is the lot of his inheritance. hath - bought thee? hath he not • made thee, 10 He found him ? in a desert land, and in the and established thee?

waste howling wilderness; he led him about, 7 | Remember the days of old, consider the he instructed him, he kept him as the apple years of many generations: ask thy father, of his eye.

e 2 Sam. 22. 3. & 23. 3 Psa. 18.2, 31, 16. Hab. 1 12-f 2 Sam. 22 31.-g Dan. 4. & Ver. 13. Isai. 27. 11. & 4.2-1 Hel generation and generation - Exo 13. 14. 37. Rev. 15.3 -- Jer. 10. 10,-i Job 31 10. Pea 92 15.--k Heb. He hath corrupted Psa 411 & 78.3, 4.- Zech 9.2 ACS 17. 235-w Gen 11.8-- Exod 15 16. & 19. to hinweif-! Ch 31. 2.-m Or, that they are not his children, that is their blol. 5. 1 Sam. 10. 1. Pel 78. 71. -y Hel cord-2 Ch 8. 15. Jer. 2.6Hec 13.5.-a Ur, n Matt. 17. 17. Luke 9. 41. Phil. 2 15.-u Pwa 116. 12. --pleaj. 63. 16.--I PL. 74.2 dered the doctrine of the ascent of dew doubtful. Though repeated in our translation, is but once in the original; we know nothing certain as to the manner of its produc- and the marginal reading is greatly to be preferred.--He tion, yet we know that the thing exists; and that it is es hath corrupted to himself, that they are not his children: sentially useful. So much we know of the sayings of our

that is their blot. And because they had the blot of sin God, and the blessed etfects produced by them: God hath on them, because they were spotted with iniquity, and spoken, and the entering in of his words gives light and marked idolaters, therefore God renounces them. There life.-See the notes on Gen. ii. ver. 6.

may be here an allusion to the marks which the worshipAs the small rain] Onywa kesêirim, from nyu saar, to pers of particular idols had on diflerent parts of their be rough or tempestuous. Sweeping showers, accom- bodies, especially on their foreheads--and as idolatry is panied with a strong gale of wind.

the crime with which they are here charged, the spot or And as the showers) Diva Rebibim, from non rabah, mark mentioned, may refer to the mark or stigma of their to multiply, to increase greatly--shower after shower : idol. The different sects of idolaters in the East, are disor rather a continual rain, whose drops are multiplied tinguished by their sectarian marks, the stigma of their beyond calculation, upon the earth. Alluding perhaps to respective idols. These sectarian marks, particularly on the rainy seasons in the East; or to those early and latier the forehead, amount to nearly one hundred among the rains, so essentially necessary for the vegetation and per- Hindoos, and especially among the two sects, the worshipfection of the grain.

pers of Seera, and the worshippers of Vishnoo. In many No doubt these various expressions point out that great cases these marks are renewed daily; for they account it variety in the Word or Revelation of God, whereby it is irreligious to perform any sacred rite to their guli, without suited to every place, occasion, person, and state ; being his mark on the forehead; the marks are generally horiprofitable for doctrine, reproof, and edification in righi- zontal and perpendicular lines, crescents, circles, leares,

Hence the apostle says, that God, at sundry eyes, &c. in red, bluck, white, and yellore. This very times and in divers manners, spake in time past unto the custom is referred to in Rev. XX. 4. where the beast gives fathers by the prophels; and in these last times has spoken his mark to his followers—and it is very likely that Moses unto us by his Son: Heb. i. 1, 2. By every prophet, refers to such a custom among the idolatrous of his own day. evangelist, and apostle, God speaks a particular lan This removes all the difficulty of the text. God's children guage--all is his doctrine, his great system of instruction, have no sinful spots, because Christ saves them from their for the information and salvation of the souls of men sins, and their motto or mark is, Holiness to the Lord. but some portions are like the sweeping showers, in which Verse 8. When the Most High dirided to the nations, the tempest of God's wrath appears against sinners. &c.] Verses 8 and 9, savs Dr. Kennicott, give us express Others are like the incessant showers of gentle rain, pre- authority for believing, that the earth was early divided in paring the soil for the germination of the grain: and caus consequence of a divine command; and probably by lot ; see ing it to take root. And others still are like the de:r, mildly Acts xvii

. 26. and as Africa is called the land of Ham, and gently insinuating convictions, persuasions, reproofs, Psa. lxxviii. 51. cv. 23, 27. cvi. 22. probably that country and consolations. The preacher of righteousness, who fell to him and to his descendants, at the same time that wishes to handle this word profitably, must attend closely Europe fell to Japhet, and Asia to Shem, with a particuto those distinctions, that he may rightly divide the word lar reserve of Palestine to be the Lord's portion, for some of truth; and give each of his hearers his portion of the one peculiar people. And this separation of mankind into bread of life in due season.

three bodies, called the general migration, was commandVerse 4. He is the Rock] The word 94 tsur, is rendered ed to Nouh, and by him to his sons--so as to take place in creator by some eminent critics; and bor khalyk, is the days of Peleg, about two hundred years afterward. the reading in the Arabic version. Rab. Moses ben May- This general migration was prior to the partial dispersion mon, in his valuable work, Moreh Nebochim, observes, from Babel, by about five hundred years. that the word vs tsur, which is ordinarily translated rock, He set the bounds to the people according to the numsignifies origin, fountain, first cause, &c. and in this way ber of the children of Israel.] The Septuagint translait should be translated here : “He is the first principle, his iion is very curious, es now opła clvwv kata apiðpor ayyeur work is perfect.” As he is the cause of all things, he Tov Ocov. He established the bounds of the nations acmust be infinitely perfect.; and consequently all his works cording to the number of the angels of God. The meanmust be perfect in their respective kinds. Ás is the cause, ing of the passage seems to be, that when God divided the 80 must the effect be. Some think the word rock gives a ear:h among mankind, he reserved trelre lots, according to very good sense : for, as in those lands, rocks were the the number of the sons of Jacob, which he was now about ordinary places of defence and security, God may be meta to give to their descendants according to his promise. phorically represented thus, to signify his protection of his Verse 9. The Lord's portion is his people) What an followers. I prefer the opinion of Maimonides.

astonishing saying! As holy souls take GOD for their Verse 5. Their spot is not the spot of his children] portion, so GOD takes them for his portion. He reproThis verse is variously translated and variously understood. sents himself as happy in his followers; and they are intiThey are corrupted, not his, children of pollution. Kex nitely happy in, and satisfied with God as their portion. NICOTT. They are corrupt, they are noi his children; they This is what is implied in being a saint: he who is seekiare blotted. HOUBIGANT. This is according to the sa: ing for an earthly portion has little commerce with the maritan. The interpretation commonly given to these Most High. worde, is as umfounded as it is exceptionable. “God's chile Verse 10. Hc (the Lord) found him) (Jacob, in his dedren have their spots, i. e. their sins; but sin in them is scendants) in a desert land (the wilderness) he led him not like sin in others; in others sin is exceedingly sinful : about, forty years in this wilderness, Deut. viii. 2. or but God does not see the sins of his children as he sees the 1002220yesobebenchu-he compassed him about: i. e. God sins of his enemies," &c. Unfortnnately for this bad doc defended them on all hands, and in all places. He in. trine, there is no foundation for it in the sacred text, which structed him, taught them that astonishing law, through though very obscure, may be thus translated : He (Israel) which we have now almost possed, giving them stahath corrupted himself. They (the Israelites) are not his tutes and judgments, which for depth of wisdom, and children: They are spotted. Coverdale renders the whole correct political adaptation to times, places, and circumpassage thus : "The froward, and overthwart generation, stances, are so wondrously constructed, as essentialiy have marred themselves to himward ; and are not his child to secure the comfort, peace, and happiness of the individ. dren because of their deformity.” This is the sense of the ual, and the prosperity and permanency of the moral sysLet it be observed, that the word spot, which is tem. Laws so excellent that they have met with the ap

verge.

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