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14. Ezek 35. 2.- Job 29. 6. Psa 81. 16.-g Psa. 81. 16. & 147. 14-h Geo. 49. 11.

11 . As an eagle stirreth up her nest, futter- / fields; and he made him to suck ' honey out of eth over her young, spreadeth abroad her wings, the rock, and oil out of the flinty rock; taketh them, beareth them on her wings:

14 Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat 12 So the Lord alone did lead him, and there of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan; was no strange god with him.

and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat: 13 · He made him ride on the high places of and thou didst drink the pure "blood of the the earth, that he might eat the increase of the grape : a Exol 19. 4. Ch. 1. 31. Iai 31. 5. & 46. 4. & 63. 9. Hos. 11.3.-e Ch. 33. 29. Imaj. 58. probation of the wise and good in all countries, and formed rael through deserts of the like nature, was through the basis of the political institutions of all the civilized na such an extent and variety of country, and in such circumtions in the universe.

stances, as to multitudes and incumbrances, as to make diNotwithstanding the above gives the passage a good vine interposition necessary. The openmgs through the sense, yet probably the whole verse should be considered rocks seem to have been prepared by Him to whom all more literally. li is certain that in the same country tra-things from the beginning of the world were foreknown, vellers are often obliged to go about in order to find

pro with great wisdom and goodness, to enable them to acper passes between the mountains; and the following ex-complish this stupendous march.”-See Harmer's Obser: tracts from Mr. Harmer will illustrate this point, vat. vol. iv. p. 125.

“Irwin farther describes the mountains of the desert of He kept him as the apple of his eye) Nothing can exThebais, (upper Egypt) as sometimes so steep and danger- ceed the force and delicacy of this expression. As deeply ous as to induce even very bold and hardy travellers to concerned and as carefully attentive as man can be for the avoid them by taking a large circuit; and that for want of safety of his eye-sight, so was God for the protection and proper knowledge of the way, such a wrong path may be welfare of his people. How amazing this condescension ! taken as may, on a sudden, bring them into the greatest Verse 11. As an eagle stirreth up her nest} Flutters dangers: while at other times, a dreary waste may extend over her brood to excite them to fly-or, as some think, itself so prodigiously, as to make it difficult, without as disturbs her nest lo oblige the young ones to leave it, so sistance, to find the way to a proper outlet. All which God by his plagues in Egypt obliged the Israelites, othershow us the meaning of those words of the songs

of

wise very reluctant, to leave a place, which he appeared by Moses, Deut. xxxii. 10. He led him about, he instructed his judgments to have devoted to destruction. him, he kept him as the apple of his eye.

Fluttereth over her young] 97 yeracheph, broodeth “Jehovah certainly instructed Israel in religion, by de over them, communicating to them a portion of her own livering to him his law in this wilderness: but it is not, I vital warmth : so did God by the influences of his Spirit, presume, of this kind of teaching Moses speaks, as Bishop enlighten, encourage, and strengthen their minds. It is the Patrick

supposes, but God's instructing Israel how to avoid same word which is used, Gen. i. 2. the dangers of the journey, by leading the people about Spreadeth abroad her wings, &c.] In order not only to this and that dangerous precipitous hill, directing them to teach them how to fly, but to bear them when weary. For proper passes through the mountains, and guiding them to this fact there seems an allusion, it having been gene

hrough the intricacies of that difficult journey, which rally believed that the eagle, through extraordinary affecmight, and probably would, have confounded the most con tion for her young, takes them upon her back when they summate Arab guides. They that could have safely are weary of flying, so that the archers carinot injure them, enough conducted a small caravan of travellers through but by piercing the body of the mother. The same figure this desery, might have been very unequal to the task of is used Exod. xix. 4. where see the note. The wa nesher, directing such an enormous multitude, encumbered with which we translate eagle, is supposed by Mr. Bruce to cattle, women, children, and utensils. The passages of Ir mean the rachema, a bird remarkable for its affection to win, that establish the observation I have been making, fol- its young, which it is known actually to bear on its back low here. Ai half past eleven we resumed our march, when they are weary, and soon came to the foot of a prodigious hill, which we Verse 12. So thc Lord alone did lead him] By his unexpectedly found we were to ascend. It was perpen- power, and by his only, were they brought out of Egypt, dicular, like the one we had passed some hours before ; but and supported in the wilderness. what rendered the access more difficult, the path which we And there was no strange god] They had help from were to tread was nearly right up and down. The cap no other quarter. The Egyptian idols were not able to lain of the robbers, seeing the obstacles we had to over save their own votaries; but God not only saved his peocome, wisely sent all his camels round the mountain where ple, but destroyed the Egyptians. he knew there was a defile and only accompanied us with Verse 13. He made him ride] 1933 yorecebehu, he the beast he rode. We luckily met with no accident in will cause him to ride, All the verbs here are in the fuclimbing this height,' p. 325. They afterward descended, ture tense, because this is a prophecy of the prosperity they he tells us, into a valley, by a passage easy enough, and should possess in the promised land. The Israelites were stopping to dine at half past five o'clock, they were joined to ride, exult on the high places, the mountains and hills by the Arabs, who had made an astonishing march to of their land, in which they are promised the highest deovertake them, p. 326. We soon quitted the dale, and gree of prosperity; as even the rocky part of the country ascended the high ground by the side of a mountain that should be rendered fertile by the peculiar benediction of overlooks it in this part. The path was narrow and per-| God. pendicular, and much resembled a ladder. To make it Suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty worse, we preceded the robbers, and an ignorant guide rock] This promise states, that even the most barren among our people led us astray. Here we found ourselves places in the country should yield an abundance of aroin a pretty situation! We had kept the lower road on the matic flowers; from which the bees should collect honey side of the hill, instead of that toward the summit, until in abundance: and even the tops of the rocks afford suttiwe could proceed no farther. We were now obliged to cient support for olive trees, from the fruit of which they gain the heights, in order to recover the road, in perform-should extract oil in abundance: and all this should be ing which we drove our poor camels up such steeps as we occasioned by the peculiar blessing of God upon the land. had the greatest difficulty to climb after them.

We were

Verse 14. Fat of kidneys of wheat] Almost every perunder the necessity of leaving them to themselves; as the son knows that the kidney is enveloped in a coat of the danger of leading them through places, where the least purest fat in the body of the animal, for which several false step would have precipitated both man and beast to anatomical reasons inight be given. As the kidney itself the unfathomable abyss below, was too critical to hazard. is to the abundantly surrounding fat, so is the germ of the We hit at length upon the proper path, and were glad to grain to the lobes, or farinaceous parts. The expression find ourselves in the road of our unerring guides, the rob- here may be considered as a very strong and peculiarly bers, after having won every foot of the ground with real happy figure to point out the finest wheat, containing the peril and fatigue,' p. 321. Again: 'Our road, after leaving healthiest and most vigorous germ, growing in a very the valley, lay over level ground. As it would be next to large and nutritive grain; and conseqnently the whole an impossibility to find the way over these stony flats, figure points out to us a species of wheat, equally excelwhere the heavy foot of a camel leaves no impression, the lent, both for seed and bread. This beautiful metaphor ditlerent bands of robbers have heaped up stones at unequal seems to have escaped the notice of every commentator: distances for their direction through this desert. We have Pure blood of the grape.) Red wine, or the pure juice, derived great assistance from the robbers in this respect, of whatever colour, expressed from the grapes without any who are our guides when the marks either fail, or are un- adulteration, or mixture with water: blood here is synonyintelligible to us. The predatory Arabs were more suc mous with juice. This intimates that their rines should cessful guides to Mr. Irwin and his companions, than those be of the best kind, and their wine in abundance, and of he brought with him from Ghinnah; but ite march of Is the most delicious flavour.

15 | But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: 20 And he said, I will hide my face from I thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou them, I will see what their end shall be : for art covered with fatness ; then hem forsook God they are a very froward generation, children which " made him, and lightly esteemed the in whom is no faith. • Rock of his salvation.

21 They have moved me to jealousy with 16 P They provoked him to jealousy with that which is not God: they have provoked me strange gods, with abominations provoked they to anger b with their vanities: and I will move him to anger.

them to jealousy with those which are not a peo17 They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; ple: I will provoke them: to anger with a foolish to gods whom they knew not, to new gods nation. that came newly up, whom your fathers feared 22 For da fire is kindled in mine anger, and

shall burn unto the lowest hell, and I shall con19 Of the Rock that begat thee thou are un sume the earth with her increase, and set on mindful, and hast u forgotten God that formed fire the foundations of the mountains. thee.

23 I will & heap miechiefs upon them; I will 19 9 And when the LORD saw it, he wab- spend mine arrowe upon them. horred them, because of the provoking of his 24 T'hey shall be burnt with hunger, and desons and of his daughters.

voured with 'i burning heat, and with bitter de

not.

1 Ch. 33. 5. 26. Isai. 41.2--- I Sam. 2. 29.-1 Ch. 31. 20. Neh 9. 25. Pan. 17. 10. Jer. 2 7. & 5. 7, 28 Hus 13. 6. -in Ch. 31. 16. Isaj. 1. 4.-n Ver. 6. Isaj. 51. 13. o 2 San. 22. 47. Psalms 89. 23. & 93. 1.-pl Kings 14. 22 I Cor. 10 22.-r Lev. 17. 7. Pst. 105. 37. 1 Cor. 10. 2. Res. 9. 20.- Or, which were not God. Ver. 21. t Isai. 17. 10.-u Jer. 2 32- Judg. 2. 14.-w Or, despised. Lam. 26

x Isai. 1. 2.- Ch. 31. 17.- leiah 30. 9. Matt. 17. 17.- Verse 16. Palas 28 58-b 1 Sam. 11. 21. 1 Kinga 16. 13, 2. Psa 31. 6. Jer. 8. 19. & 10 & 14 22 Jana 28. Acts 14. 15.-c Hos 1. 10. Rom. 10. 19.- Jer. 15. 14. & 17. 4. Lan 11. e Or, hath burned.- Or, hath conaumed. - lsai. 3. 15.- P. 7. 12, 13. Ezek 5. 16,-i Heb. burning coale. Hab. 3. 5.

Verse 15. Jeshurun] you the upright ; this appella- vice, and running off from his master's pasturage. How tive is here put for Israel, and as it comes from u yashur, easy to apply all these points to the case of the Israelites ! he was right, straight, may be intended to show that the and how illustrative of their former and latter state! And people who once not only promised fair, but were really how powerfully do they apply to the case of many called upright, walking in the paths of righteousness, should, Christians, who, having increased in riches, forget that in the time signified by the prophet, not only revolt from God from whose hand alone these mercies flowed. God, but actually fight against him, like a full fed horse, Verse 17. They sacrificed unto devils) The original who not only will not bear the harness, but breaks away word D170 shedim, has been variously understood. The from his master, and endeavours to kick him as he Syriac, Chaldee, Targums of Jerusalem and Jonathan struggles to get loose. All this is spoken prophetically, and the Samaritan, retain the original word; the Vulgate, and is intended as a warning, that the evil might not take Septuagint, Arabic, Persic, Coptie, and Anglo-Saron, place. For were the transgression unavoidable, it must have devils or dæmons. The Septuagint has eðvcar laiędbe the effect of some necessitating cause, which would VIUIS, they sacrificed to demons: the Vulgate copics the destroy the turpitude of the action, ås it referred to Israel: Septuagint: the Arabic has ablu shecateen, the plural for if the evil were absolutely unavoidable, no blame of u lasio Sheetan, Şatan, by which the rebellious angels could attach to the unfortunate agent, who could only con appear to be intended, as the word comes from the root sider himself the miserable instrument of a dire necessity.waii shatana, he was obstinate, proud, refractory, See a case in point, 1 Sam. xxi. 11, 12. where the pre went far away. And it is likely, that these fallen spirits diction appears in the most absolute form, and yet the evil having utterly lost the empire at which they aimed, go! was prevented by the person receiving the prediction as themselves worshipped under various forms and names in warning. The case is the following:

different places. The Anglo-Saxon has deoflum, derils. The Philistines attacked Keilah and robbed the thresh New gods that came newly up] a apo Mikaro ing-floors; David being informed of it, asked counsel of baoo, "which came up from their neighbours." Viz. the God, whether he should go and relieve it—he is ordered to Moabites and Ammonites, whose gods they received and go, and is assured of success—he goes, routs the Philis- worshipped on their way through the wilderness; and tines, and delivers Keilah. Saul hearing that David was often afterward. in Keilah, determines to besiege the place. David finding Verse 18. Of the Rock that begat thee) 99 Tour, the that Saul meditates his destruction, asked counsel of the first cause, the fountain of thy being. See the noie on Lord, thus, “O Lord God of Israel, thy servant hath cer

ver. 4. tainly heard, that Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to Verse 19. When the Lord saw it, &c.) More literally, destroy the city for my sake. Will the men of Keilah de- | And the Lord saw it, and through indignation, he re liver me up into his hand ? Will Saul come down as thy probated his sons and his daughters. That is when the servant haih heard ?-And the Lord said, He will come Lord shall see such conduct he shall be justly incensed, down. Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver and so reject and deliver up to captivity his sons and me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the Lord daughters. said, They will deliver thee up. Then David and his men, Verse 20. Children in whom is no faith.) DO IPN ** which were about 600, arose and departed out of Keilah lo amen bam-"There is no steadfastness in them;" they and went whithersoever they could go: and it was told can never be depended on. They are fickle, because they Saul that David was escaped from Keilah, and he forebore are faithless. to go forth.” Here was the most positive prediction that Verse 21. They have moved me to jealousy) This verse Saul would come to Keilah, and that the men of Keilah contains a very pointed promise of the calling of the Genwould deliver David into his hands. Yet neither of these tiles, in consequence of the rejection of the Jews, threatevents took place, because David departed from Keilah; ened ver. 19. and to this great event it is applied by St. but had he continued there Saul would have come down, Paul, Rom. x. 19. and the men of Keilah would have betrayed their deliv Verse 22. The lowest hell] nunn 57 sheol tachtit,

Thus the prediction was totally conditional—and so the very deepest destruction; a total extermination, so that were all these prophecies relative to the apostasy of Israel. the earth, their land, and its increase, and all their proThey were only fulfilled in those who did not receive perty, should be seized, and the foundations of their them as warnings. See Jer. xviii. 8–10.

mountains, their strongest fortresses should be razed to The Rock of his salration] He ceased to depend on the ground. All this was fulfilled in a most remarkable the fountain whence the salvation issued; and thinking manner in the last destruction of Jerusalem by the Rohighly of himself, he lightly esteemed his God; and mans; so that of the fortifications of that city not one having ceased to depend on him, his fall became inevitable. stone was left on another. See the notes on Matt. xxiv. The figure is admirably well supported ihrough the whole Verse 23. I will spend mine arrows upon them.) The verse.-We see first, a miserable lean steed, taken under judgments of God in general, are termed the arrons of the care and into the keeping of a master who provides God, Job vi. 4. Psal. xxxviii. 2, 3. xci. 5. see also Fzek. him with an abundance of provender. We see, secondly, v. 16. Jer. i. 14. 2 Sain. xxii. 14, 15. In this and the this horse waxing fut under his keeping. We see him, following-verses, to the 28th inclusive, God threatens this thirdly, breaking aray from his master, leaving his rich people with every species of calamity that could possibly pasturage, and running to the wilderness, unwilling to fall upon man. How strange it is, that having this law bear the yoke or harness: or to make any returns for his continually in their hands, they should not discern those master's care and attention. We see, fourthly, whence threatened judgments, and cleave to the Lord that they this conduct proceeds ; from a want of consciousness that might be averted. his strength depends upon his master's care and keeping; It was customary among the heathens to represent any and a lack of consideration that leanness and wretchedness judgment from their gods, under the notion of arrors, must be the consequence of his leaving his master's ser- l especially a pestilence; and one of their greates: deities

erer.

struction; I will also send the teeth of beasts two put ten thousand to flight, except their upon them, with the poison of serpents of the Rock * had sold them, and the LORD had shut dust.

them up? 25 i The sword without, and terrorm within, 31 For y their rock is not as our Rock, even shall "destroy both the young man and the vir- our enemies themselves being judges. gin, the suckling also, with the man of gray hairs. 32 For a their vine bis of the vine of Sodom,

26 • I said, I would scatter them into corners, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes are I would make the remembrance of them to cease grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter: from among men:

33 Their wine is the poison of dragons, and 27 Were it not that I leared the wrath of the the cruel e venom of asps. enemy, lest their adversaries P should behave 34 Is not this " laid up in store with me, and themselves strangely, and lest they should r say, sealed up among my treasures? • Our hand is high, and the LORD hath not done 35 - To me belongeth vengeance and recomall this.

pense; their foot shall slide in due time: for 28 For they are a nation void of counsel, the day of their calaniity is at hand, and the neither is there any understanding in them. things that shall come upon them make haste.

29 ( that they were wise, that they under 36 & For the LORD shall judge his people, - and stood this, that they would consider their lat- repent himself for his servants, when he seeth ter end!

that their i power is gone, and there is none 30 How should wone chase a thousand, and shut up, or left.

k Lev. 26. 2- Lam. 1. 20. Ezek. 7. 15. 2 Cor. 7. 5-m Heb. from the chambers. Het bereqce-Frek 20. 13, 14, 2.-p Jer. 19. 4- Pra. 140.8. - Or, Our high hand, and not the LORD, hath done all this.- Isai. 27. 11. Jer. 4. 22. u Ch. 5. 29. Psa. S1. 13. & 107. 43. Luke 19. 42-sluai. 17. 7. Lam. 1.9.-w Lev. 26. 8. Josh. 23. 10. 2 Chron 24. 24. Isai. 30. 17.- Psa. 41. 12. Isai. 50. 1. & 32. 3.-y I Sam.

2.2.-21 Sam. 4.8. Jer. 40.3.-a Isai. 1. 10.- Or, is worse than the nine of Sodom, &c.-b Psa 58. 4. - Psa. 140.3 Rom. 3. 13. Job 14. 17. Jer. 2 22 Hoe 13 12 Rom. 2 5. - Psa. 94. 1. Ecclue 31. Roun. 12. 19. Hebr. 10. 30.-- 2 Pet. 2. 3. g Psa. 135. Il-h Judg. 2. 13. Psa 106. 15. Jer 31. D. Joel 2 11.2 Mac 7.6.-i Heb. hand.-k 1 Kings 14. 10. & 21. 2. 2 Kings 9. 8. & 11. 26.

Apollo, is ever represented as bearing a bowo, and quiver rious days of the Messiah, who, according to the flesh, full of deadly arrows : so Homer, Il. i. v. 43. where he should spring up among them. Should they, carefully represents him, in answer to the prayer of his priest consider this subject, and receive the promised Saviour, Chryses, coming to smile the Greeks with the pestilence. they would consequently act as persons under infinite ob

Ως εκατ’ ευχομενος του δ' εκλυε Φοιβος Απολλων ligations to God; his strength would be their shield, and
Βη δε κατ' Ολυμπoιο καρηνων χωομενος κηρ,

then,
Τοξ' ωμοισιν εχων αμφηρεφεα τε φαμετρην.-

Verse 30. How should one chase a thousand) If, thereΕζετ' επειτ' απανευθε νεων και μετα δ' ιον εηκε

fore they had not forgotten their Rock, God their Author Δεινη δε κλαγγη γεννετ' αργυρεοιο βιοι», κ. τ. λ.

and Defence, it could not possibly have come to pass, that

a thousand of them should flee before one of their enemies.
Thu Chryse pray'd: the favouring power attenda
And from Olympus' lofty top desceule.

Verse 31. For their rock] The gods and pretended
Bent wis his box, the Grecian bearis to sound;
Fierce as he mos'd, his silret chasis resound;

protectors of the Romans.
The Mest in view, le trang'd his deally bow.

Is nol as our Rock] Have neither power nor influence
Ant hi sing ly the feathered fates below.
Op mules an dog ch'infertion first begun;

like our God.
Aal last, the vengeful arrows Az'd in man.

Our enemies themselves being judges.] For they often How frequently the same figure employed in the Sa- acknowledged the irresistible power of that God who fought cred Writings every careful reader knows; and quotations for Israel. See Exod. xiv. 25. Numb. xxiii. 9—12—19, need not be multiplied.

20, 21. 1 Sam. iv. 8. Verse 24. They shall be burnt with hunger) Their land There is a verse in Virgil, Eclog. iv. ver. 59. very simishall be cursed, and famine shall prevail. This is one of lar to this saying of Moses. the arrows.

Pan ctiam Arcadia mxum si juice certel,

Pan etiam Arcadia dical se judice mctum. Burning heat} No showers to cool the atmosphereor rather, biles, blains, and pestilential fevers; this was a

"Should even Pan contend with me” (in singing the second.

praises of the future hero, the deliverer, prophesied of in Biller destruction] The plague; this was a third.

ihe Sybilline books) “were even Arcadia judge, Pan Teeth of beastswith the poison of serpents). The

would acknowledge himself to be vanquished; Arcadia beasts of the field should multiply upon, and destroy them;

herself being judge.” this was a fourth ; and poisonous serpents infesting all Verse 32. For their vine is of the vine of Sodom) The their steps; and whose mortal bite should produce the ul Jews are as wicked and rebellious as the Sodomites; for most anguish, was to be a fifth arrow. Added to all these, by the vine the inhabitants of the land are signified: see the sword of their enemies-terror among themselves, Isai. v. 2, 7. ver. 25. and captivity, were to complete their ruin, and Their grapes) their actions, are gall and wormwood; thus the arrows of God were to be spent upon them. producing nothing but mischief and misery to themselves There is a beautiful saying in the Toozuki Teemour, and others. which will serve to illustrate this point, while it exhibits Their clusters are bitter] Their united erortions, as one of the finest metaphors that occurs in any writer, the well as their individual acts, are sin, and only sin conSacred Writers excepted.

tinually. That by vine is meant the people ; and by grapes "It was once demanded of the fourth Khaleefch (Aaly,) their moral conduct, is evident from Isa. v. 1-7. It is on whom be the mercy of the Creator, 'If the canopy of very likely that the grapes produced about the lake Asheaven were a bow; and if the earth were the cord there- phaltites, where Sodom and Gomorrah formerly stood, of; and if calamities were ARROWS ! if mankind were the were not only of an acrid, disagreeable taste, but of a delemark for those arrows; and if Almighty God; the tre terious quality; and to this, it is probable, Moses here al. mendous and the glorious, were the unerring ARCHER ; ludes. to whom could the sons of Adam flee for protection ?' Verse 33. Their wine] Their system of doctrines and The Khaleefch answered, saying: "The sons of Adam teaching, is the poison of dragons, &c. fatal and destrucmust flee unto the Lord.""

tive to all them who follow it. Verse 27. Were it not that I feared the wrath of the Verse 34. Scaled up among my lreasures?] Deeds or enemy) Houbigant and others contend, that wrath here, engagements by which persons were bound, at a specified refers not to the enerny, but to God; and that the passage time, to fulfil certain conditions, were scaled, and laid up should be thus translated, “ Indignation for the adversary in places of safety: so here God's justice is pledged to deters me, lest their enemies should be alienated, and say, avenge the quarrel of his broken covenant on the disobe. The strength of our hands, and not of the Lord's, hath done dient Jews: but the time and manner were sealed in his thig." Had not God punished them in such a way, as treasures, and known only to himself. Hence it is said, proved that his hand, and not the hand of man had done Verse 35. Their foot shall slide in due time, &c.) But it; the heathens would have boasted of their prowess, and Calmet thinks that this verse is spoken against the CaJehovah would have been blasphemed, as not being able naanites, the enemies of the Jewish people, to protect his worshippers, or to punish their infidelitics. Verse 36. The Lord shall judge his people] He has

Titus, when he took Jerusalem, was so struck with the an absolute right over them, as their Creator; and authoristrength of the place, that he acknowledged, that if God ty to punish them for their rebellions, as their Sovereign: had not delivered it into his hands, the Roman armies yet he will repent himself, i. e. he will change his manner never could have taken it.

of conduct toward them, when he seeth that iheir power is Verse 29. That they would consider their latter end!) gone, when they are entirely subjugated by their adversa. Onunn achareytam, properly, their latter times; the glo- I ries, so that their political poucer is entirely destroyed : VOL. 1.-61

505

37 And he shall say, Where are their gods, 45 And Moses made an end of speaking all their rock in whom they trusted,

these words to all Israel: 38 Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, 46 And he said unto them, Set your hearts and drank the wine of their drink-offerings ? let unto all the words which I testify among, you them rise up and help you, and be m your pro- this day, which ye shall command your children tection.

to observe to do, all the words of this law. 39 See now that " ), eren I, am he, and othere 47 For it is not a vain thing for you; d because is no god with me: ”I kill, and I make alive; I it is your life: and through this thing you shall wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can prolong your days in the land, whither ye go deliver out of my hand.

over Jordan to possess it. 40 For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, 48 T e And the Lord spake unto Moses that I live for ever.

selssame day, saying, 41 If I whet my glittering sword, and mine 49 Get thee up into this mountain Abarim, hand take hold on judgment; I will render ven- unto mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, geance 10 mine enemies, and will reward them that is over against Jericho: and behold the. That hate me.

land of Canaan which I give unto the children 42 I will make mine arrows drunk with of Israel for a possession: blood, and my sword shall devour flesh: and 50 And die in the mount whither thou goest that with the blood ol'the slain and of the cap- up, and be gathered unto thy people; as & Aaron tives, from the beginning of revenges upon the thy brother died in mount Hor, and was gathered enemy.

unto his people. 43 w Rejoice, * () ye nations, with his people: 51 Because hye trespassed against me among for he will savenge the blood of his servants, the children of Israel, at the waters of Meriand will sender vengeance to his adversaries, bah-Kadesh, in the wilderness of Zin; because and a will be merciful unto his land, and to his ye k sanctified me not in the midst of the chilpeople.

dren of Israel. 41 | And Moses came and spake all the words 52 Yet thou shalt see the land before thee; of this song in the ears of the people, he, and but thou shalt not go thither unto the land which b Hoshea, the son of Nun.

I give the children of lerael.

I Ju lg. 10. 14. Jer. 2. 2-m Hell a hiding for you.-. Ps. 102 2. Izai. 41. 4. & 18.12 -o Ch. 4. 35. lau. 15. 5, 15, 22-p 1 Sam. 2. 6. 2 kings 5. 7. Job 5. 19. l'at. 6.1. Hox6. 1. Tote 132 Wial 16. 13 -- Cien. 14. 12. Exo 6. 8. Numb. 14, 30-I. 27. 1. & 31.5.06.16. Ezek. 21. 9, 10, 14, 20,- lei. I. 241 Nah. 1 2. u Jer. 46. 10.-v Job 13. 21. Jer. 30. 14. Lam. 2 5.-w Or, Praise his people, ye

nations: or. Sing ye.-- Rom. 15. 10.-y Rev. 6. 10 & 19. 2-2 Verw. 41- Het 85. 1.- Or, Joshua.-c Ch. 6. 6. & 11. 18. Ezek 40. 4.-Ch 0.19 Le. ISS Prox 3.2, 22 & 4.22 Rom 10.5.-e Numb. 27. 12, 13 - Numb 31 17, #CL 34 1.-g Numb. 2. 25, 28. & 33. 34-6 Numb. 20. 11-13 & 27. 14-i Or, sirve als deah.-k See Lev. 10. 3.- Numb 27. 12 Ch 31. 4.

And my swori shall devour flesh:

and there is none shut up or left, not one strong place un nacle where God had given him this prophetic ode, and he taken, and not one family left, all being carried into cap-rehearsed it in the ears of the people. tivity, or scattered into strange lands; or, he will do justice Verse 46. Set your hearts unto all the words] Another to his people and avenge them of their adversaries.-See proof that all these awful denunciations of divine wrath, ver. 35.

ihough delivered in an absolute form, were only declaraVerse 37. He shall say] He shall begin to expostulate tory of what God would do if they rebelled against him. with thein, to awaken them to a due sense of their ingra Verse 47. Through this thing ye shall prolong your titude and rebellion. This may refer to the preaching of days) Instead of being cut off, as God here threatens ye the Gospel to them in the latter days.

shåll he preserved and rendered prosperous in the land, Verse 39. See now that I-am he] Be convinced that which when they passed over Jordan, they should possa. God alone can save, and God alone can destroy: and that Verse 49. Gei thee up into this mountain Abarim) The your idols can neither hurt nor help you.

mount of the passages ; i. e. of the Israelites when they I kill, and I make alive, &c.] My mercy is as great entered into the promised land.-See the notes on Numb. as my justice, for I am as ready to save the penitent as I xxvii. 12. was to punish the rebellious.

Verse 50. And die in the mountas Aaron] Some Verse 40. For I lift up my hand to heaven) See con have supposed that Moses was translated; but if so, then cerning oaths and appeals to God, in the note on chap. Aaron was translated, for what was said of the death of vi. 13.

one, is said of the death of the other. Verse 42. From the beginning of revenges] The word Verse 51. Ye trespassed against me-at the waters of niyno perâoth, rendered revenges, a sense in which it never Miribah] See note on Numb. xx. 8. appears to be taken, has rendered this place very perplexed Verse 52. Thou shalt see the land before thee) See and obscure. Mr.' Parkhurst has rendered the whole Numb. xxvii. 12, &c. How glorious to depart out of this passage thus:

life with God in his heart and heaven in his eye! his work, I will make my arrows drunk with blood :

his great unparalleled usefulness ending only with his life. With the blow of the sinn and captive

The serious reader will surely join in the following pious From the hairy lead of the enemy.

ejaculation of the late Rev. Charles Wesley, one of the Probably mynd un mirosh perâoth, may be more best Christian poets of the last century: properly translated, from the naked head, the enemy shall

so that without a lingering groan have nothing to shield him from my vengeance; the crown

I may the welcome wond receive,

My body with my charge lay down, of dignity shall fall off, and even the helmet be no protec

And cease at once to work and live !" tion against the sword and arrows of the Lord.

It would require a dissertation expressly formed for the Verse 43. Rejoice, Oye nations] Ye Gentiles, for the purpose, to point out the general merit and extraordinary casting off of the Jews shall be the means of your ingath- beauties of this very sublime ode. To enter into such par ering with his people ; for they shall not be utterly cast off. ticulars, can scarcely comport with the nature of the preSee Rom. xv. 9. for in this way the apostle applies it. sent work. Drs. Lowth, Kennicott, and Durcll, bave done But how shall the Gentiles be called, and the Jews have much in this way; and to their respective works the criti. their iniquity purged? He will be merciful unto his land, cal reader is referred. A very considerable extract of what and to his people, 1999 yecipher, he shall cause an atone- they have written on this chapter, may be found in DT. ment to be made for his land and people; i. e. Jesus Dodd's notes. In writing this ode, the design of Moses Christ, the long-promised Messiah, shall be crucified for was evidently, Jews and Gentiles, and the way to the holiest be made 1. To set forth the majesty of God: to give that geaplain by his blood.

eration, and all successive ones, a proper view of the gloThe people had long been making atonements for them- rious perfections of the object of their worship. He there selves, but to none effect; for their atonements were but fore shows, that from his holiness and purity, he must be signs, and not the thing signified, for the body is Christ; displeased with sin: from his justice and righteousness, now the Lord himself makes an atonement, for the Lamb he inust punish it: and from the goodness and infinite of God alone taketh away the sin of the world. This is benerolence of his nature, he is ever disposed to help the a very proper and encouraging conclusion to the awfully weakness, instruct the ignorance, and show mercy to the important matter of this poem.

wretched, sinful sons and daughters of men. Israel shall be long scattered, peeled, and punished, but 2. To show the duty and interest of his people. To they shall have mercy in the latter times; they also shall have such a being for their friend, is to have all possible rejoice with the Gentiles, in the common salvation pur- happiness, both spiritual and temporal, secured; to have chased by the blood of the Savivur of all mankind. him for their enemy, is to be exposed to inevitable destrucVerse 44. And Mosos came) Probably from the taber- | lion and ruin.

CHAPTER XXXIII.

and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined Blower delivers a prophetical blessing to the children of lonely Is The introduction: forth from mount Paran, and he came with pten ing Levi, 14. concerning Benjamin, 12 concerning Joseph, 13–17. concerning thousands of saints: from his right-hand went 23. conceruing Asher, 24, 25. The glory of the God of Jeshurun, and the glorious 9 a fiery law for them. privileges of bus true tollowers, 25-29

3 Yea," he loved the people; "all his saints Au. Exol. Isr. 40. Adar.

Moses,of , of blessed the children of Israel before his death. 4. Moses commanded us á law, weven the

2 And he said, • The Lord came from Sinai, inheritance of the congregation of Jacob. m Gen 19.28. - Psa 90, title - Exol 19. 18, 20. Judg. 5. 4,5. Hab. 3.3- See Psa. r Exod. 19.5 Ch. 7. 7, 8. Psa. 47. 4. Hosea, 11. I. Mal. 1. 2.- Chap. 7. 6. 1 Sam. 68. 17. Dan 1. 10. Acix 7.51. Gal 2 19. Hetx. 2 2. Rev. 5. 11. 9. 16. - Hebrew, a fire 2. 9. Psa 50. 5.- Luke 10. 39, Acts 22. 3.-u Prov. 21.- John 1. 17. & 7. 19. of law.

AND this

is on the blessing, where are in thy hand : and they sat down at thy feet;

w Psal 119, 111.

2 Jehovah came from Sinai,

And he arose upon them from Seir;
He thone forth from Mount Paran,
And became from Meribah-Kadesh:

And he blessed Ibis punte:

And they received of his words.

3. To warn them against irreligion and apostasy-10 Verse 3. Yea, he loved the people) This is the inference show the possibility of departing from God, and the mise which Moses makes from those glorious appearances, that ries that would overwhelm them

and their posterity, should God truly loved the people—and that all his saints, 17p they be found walking in opposition to the laws of their ketoshaiv, the people whom he had consecrated to himCreator.

self, were under his especial benediction. And that in 4. To give a proper and impressive view of the prori- order to make them a holy nation, God had displayed his dence of God, by referring to the history of his gracious glory on mount Sinai, where they had fallen prostrate at dealings with them and their ancestors; the minute atten- his feet with the humblest adoration, sincerely promising tion he paid to all their wants; the wonderful manner in the most affectionate obedience. And that God had there which he led, fed, clothed, protected and saved them, in commanded them a law, which was to be the possession all their travels, and in all perils.

and inheritance of the children of Jacob, ver. 4. And to 5. To leave on record an everlasting testimony against crown the whole, he had not only blessed them as their them, should they ever cast off his fear, and pollute his Laugiver, but had also vouchsafed to be their king, ver. 5. worship; which should serve at once as a warning to the Dr. Kennicott proposes to translate the whole five verses world, and a vindication of his justice, when the judg- thus : ments he had threatened were found to be poured out upon Ver. 1. And this is the blessing wherewith Moses, the them : for he who loved them so long, and so intensely, man of God, blessed the children of Israel before his death. could not become their enemy, but in consequence of the And he said, greatest, and most unprincipled provocations.

6. To show the shocking and unprecedented ingratitude, which induced a people so highly' favoured, and so wondrously protected and loved, to sin against their God; and

From his right hand a fire shone forth upon then. how reasonable and just it was, for the vindication of his

3. Truly, he loved the people, holiness, that God should pour out upon them such judg;

For they fell down at his feet, ments as he had never inflicted on any other people, and so mark their disobedience and ingratitude with fresh

4 He commanded us a law, marks of his displeasure, that the punishment should bear

The inheritance of the congregation of Jacob. some proportion to the guilt; and that their preservation,

5. And he became king in Jeshurun: as a distinct people, might afford a feeling proof both of

When the beads of the people were assembled, the providence and justice of God.

Together with the lives of Israel. 7. To show the glory of the latter days, in the re-elec We have already seen, that Dr. Kennicott reads aging tion of the long-reprobated Jewish nation, and the final vyp Meribah-Kadesh, the name of a place, instead of diffusion of his grace and goodness over the earth, by vopnan Meribeboth Kadesh, which, by a most unnameans of the Gospel of Christ.

tural and forced construction, our version renders len thou8. And all this is done with such strength and elegance sand saints, a translation which no circumstance of the of diction ; with such appropriate, energetic, and impres- history justifies. sive figures and metaphors; and in such a powerful tor Instead of a fiery law, n7 un esh dath, he reads, followrent of that soul-penetrating, pure, poetie spirit, that comes ing the Samaritan version, » Un esh aur, a fire shining glowing from the bosom of God, that the reader is alter oul upon them. In vindication of this change in the orinately elated or depressed, filled with compunction or con-ginal, it may be observed. 1. That though ny dath, siga fidence, with despair or hope, according to the quick tran nifies a law; yet it is a Chaldee term, and appears nositions of the inimitable writer to the different topics which where in any part of the Sacred Writings, previous to the form the subject of this incomparable, and wondrously Babylonish captivity: onin torah, being the term constantly varied ode. May that Spirit, by which it was dictated, used to express the law, at all times prior to the corruption give it its fullest, most durable and most effectual impres- of the Hebrew by the Chaldee. 2. That the word itself sion upon the mind of every reader !

is obscire in its present situation, as the Hebrew Bibles

write it and esh in one word, noux eshdath, which has no NOTES ON CHAPTER XXXIII.

meaning; and which, in order to give it one, the MasoVerse 1. And this is the blessing wherewith Moses-rah directs should be read separate

, though written conblessed, &c.] The general nature of this solemn introduc-nected. 3. That the word is not acknowledged by the two tion, says Dr. Kennicoty is to show the foundation which most ancient versions, the Septuagint and Syriac. 4. That Moses had for blessing his brethren, viz. because God had in the parallel place, Habak. iii. 3, 4. a word is used which frequently manisested his glory in their behalf: and the expresses the rays of light, op kernim, horns, that is several parts of this introduction are disposed in the fol- splendours, rays, or effulgence of light. 5. That on all lowing order :

these accounts, together with the almost impossibility of 1. The inanifestation of the Divine glory on Sinai, as it giving a rational meaning to the text as it now slands, the was prior in time, and more magnificent in splendour, is translation contended for should be adopted. mentioned first.

Verse 3. Instead of All his saints are in his hand, Dr. 2. That God manifested his glory at Seir, is evident Kennicott reads, He blessed all his saints-changing 773 from Judg. v. 4. Lord, when thou wentest out of Seir, uchen beyndca into 79 barac, he blessed, which word, all who thou marchedst out of the fields of Edom, the earth trem- understand the Hebrew letters, will see might be easily bled, and the hearens dropped, &c.

mistaken for the other; the 7 daleth and then resh, being The next place is Paran, where the glory of the Lord not only in MSS. but also in printed books, often so much appeared before all the children of Israel, Numb. xiv. 10. alike, that analogy alone can determine which is the true

Instead of he came with ten thousand saints, by which letter: and except in the insertion of the yod, which our translators have rendered wp na Meribboth Ka- might have been easily mistaken for the apex at the top of desh, Dr. Kennicott reads Meribah-Kadesh, the name of the a beth, very frequently in MSS, both words have the a place : for we find that toward the end of forty years nearest resemblance. To this may be added, that the the Israelites came to Kadesli, Numb. x. 1. which was Syriac version has yio borac, he blessed. also called Meribah, on account of their contentious oppo Instead of 750mblerageleca, and 707270 midaberoteyca, sition to the determinations of God in their favour, ver. 13. The feet, and the words, Dr. Keonicoti reads the proand there the glory of the Lord again appeared, as we nouns in the third person sing. Soms lercgclair, and are informed ver. 6. These four places, Sinai, Seir, Pa 1370 midebaratair, is feel, his words, in which he tan, and Meribah-Kudesh, mentioned by Moses in the is supported both by the Septuagint and Vulgate. He also text, are the identical places where God manisested his changes no* yissa, he shall reccire, into ww yisscu, THEY glory in a fiery appearance, the more illustriously to pro- shall receire. claim his special providence over, and care of Israel. He contends also that nuo Moshch, Moser in the fourth

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