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Anno ante

AND these are the countries which


neh the Kenezite, said unto him, Thou knowest Elcazar, Joshua, and the heads of the fathers, distribute the land by lot to the poo

the thing that the LORD said unto Moses, the The Levius Toive no lond, but cities to dwell in, and suburti for

man of God, concerning me and thee Pin Kadeshtheir cattle, 1, 5, Caleb requests to have mount Hebrou for an inheritance, bem cause of his former servicea, 6-12 Josillua granus his request, 13--15.

barnea. An. Exod. Isr. 47.

7 Forty years old was I when Moses the serI. Olymp. 663 the children of Israel inherited vant of the LORD I sent me from Kadesh-barnea in the land of Canaan, h which Eleazar the to espy out the land ; and I brought him word priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads again as it was in mine heart. of the fathers of the tribes of the children of 8 Nevertheless ' my brethren that went up Israel, distributed for inheritance to them. with me, made the heart of the people melt:

2 i By lot was their inheritance, as the LORD but I wholly followed the LORD my God. commanded by the hand of Moses, for the nine 9 And Moses sware on that day, saying, tribes, and for the half tribe.

Surely the land 4 whereon thy feet have trod3 * For Moses had given the inheritance of den shall be thine inheritance, and thy children's two tribes and a half tribe on the other side Jor- for ever, because thou hast wholly followed the dan: but unto the Levites he gave none inherit- | LORD my God. ance among them.

10 And now, behold, the LORD hath kept me 4 For the children of Joseph were two tribes, alive, as he said, these forty and five years, Manasseh and Ephraim: therefore they gave even since the LORD spake this word unto Moses, no part unto the Levites in the land, save cities while the children of Israel w wandered in the to dwell in, with their suburbs for their cattle wilderness: and now, lo, I am this day fourscore and for their substance.

and five years old. 5 mAs the LORD commanded Moses, so the 11 % As yet I am as strong this day as I was children of Israel did, and they divided the land. | in the day that Moses sent me; as my strength

6 T Then the children of Judah came unto was then, even so is my strength now, for war, Joshua in Gilgal: and Caleb the son of Jephun-both y to go out and to come in.

h Nurob. 3L 17, 18.-i Num. 26. 55. & 33. 51. & 31. 13.-k Ch. 13.8,32,32 - Gen. 46. 5. I Chron 5.'1, 2-m Neunb. 35.2 Ch. 21. 2- Numb. 32. 12 & Ch. 15. 17. 1. 36.- Numb. 11. 23, 21. Deut. 1. 36. Ch.'13-u See Numb. 13 22- Neal 14

o Numb. 14. 24, 30. Deut. 1. 36, 38,-p Numb. 13 26.

30.-w Heb. rralku.-x Ecclus. 46.9. See Deut. 34. 1-y Deut 31 2


portion was written on a separate slip of parchment, Food, Verse 1. Eleazar the priest, &c.] ELEAZAR, as being &c. 4. That the names of the claimants were also writthe minister of God in sacred things, is mentioned first. ten on so many slips. 5. The names of the portions, and JOSHUA, as having the supreme command in all things of the tribes, were put into separate vessels. 6. Joshua, civil, is mentioned next. And the Heads or Princes of for example, put his hand into the vessel containing the the twelve tribes, who in all things acted under Joshua, names of the tribes, and took out one slip; while Eleazar are mentioned last. These heads or princes were twelve, took out one from the other vessel, in which the names of Joshua and Eleazar included: and the reader may find the portions were put. 7. The name drawn, and the por their names in Numb. xxxiv. 19-23. It is worthy of re tion drawn, being read, it was immediately discerned what mark, that no prince was taken from the tribes of Reuben the district was which God had designed for such a tribe. and Gad, because these had already received their inherit- This appears to be the most easy way to determine such a ance on the other side of Jordan, and therefore could not business. be interested in this division.

Verse 4. The children of Joseph were tuo tribes) This Verse 2. By lot was their inheritance] Concerning the was ascertained by the prophetic declaration of their grandmeaning and use of the lot, see the note on Numb. xxxvi. father Jacob, Gen. xlviii. 5, 6. and as Leri was taken out 55. and concerning the manner of casting lots in the case of the tribes for the service of the sanctuary, one of these of the scapegoat, see the note on Levit. xvi. 8, 9.

sons of Joseph came in his place; and Joseph was treated On this subject, Dr. Dodd has selected some good obser as the first-born of Jacob, in the place of Reuben, who bad vations from Culinet and Musius, which I here borrow. forfeited his right of primogeniture. "Though God had sufliciently pointed out, by the predic With their suburbs for their cattle] For the meaning tions of Jacob when dying, and these of Moses, what por of this passage, the reader is referred to the note on Numb. tions he designed for each tribe; we readily discern an XXXV. 5. admirable proof of his wisdom, in the orders he gave to Verse 5. They dirided the land] This work was begun decide them by lot. By this means, the false interpreta- some time before at Gilgal; and was finished some tune tions which might have been given to the words of Jacob after at Shiloh. It must have required a very considerable and Moses, were prevented: and by striking at the root of time to make all the geographical arrangements that were whatever might occasion jealousies and disputes among necessary for this purpose. the tribes, he evidently secured the honesty of those who Verse 6. Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite) In were to be appointed to distribute to them the conquered the note on the parallel place, Numb. xxxii. 12. it is said, countries in the land of Canaan. Besides, the success of Kenez was probably the father of Jephunneh, and that Je. this method gave a fresh proof of the divinity of the Jew- phunneh, not Caleh, was the Kenezite: but still, allowing ish religion, and the truth of its oracles. Each tribe find-ihis to be perfectly correct, Caleb miglit also be called the ing itself placed by lot, exactly in the spot which Jacob Kenezite, as it appears to have been a family name; for and Moses had foretold, it was evident that Providence Othniel, uis nephew and son-in-law, is called the son of had equally directed both those predictions and that lot. Kenez, chap. xv. 17. Judg. i. 13. and 1 Chron. iv. 13. and a The event justified the truth of the promises. The more grandson of Caleb is ålso called the son of Kenez, 1 Chron. singular it was, the more clearly we discern the finger of iv. 15. In 1 Chron. ii. 18. Caleb is called the son of Hezron, God in it. The portion, says Masius, fell to each tribe but this is only to be understood of his having Hezron for just as Jacob had declared, two hundred and fifty years one of his ancestors; and son here, may be considered tbe before, in the last moments of his life, and Moses imme same as descendant; for Hezron, of the tribe of Judah, diately before his death; for to the tribe of Judah fell a having come into Egypt one hundred and seventy-six years country abounding in vineyards and pastures; to Zeeu- before ihe birth of Caleb, it is not at all likely that he could Lun and IssACHAR, sea coasts: in that of Asher was be called his father, in the proper sense of the term. Be plenty of oil, wheat, and metals : that of BENJAMIN, near sides, the supposition above makes a very good sense; ann to the lemple, was, in a manner, between the shoulders of is consistent with the use of the terms father, son, and "the Deity. EPuraim and MANASSEH were distinguished brother, in different parts of the Sacred Writings. with a territory blest in a peculiar manner by Heaven. Thou knowest ihe thing that the Lord said In the The land of NAPHTali extended from the west to the south place to which Caleb seems to refer, viz. Numb. xiv. 24. of the tribe of Judah. Since, therefore, the lot so well | ibere is not a word concerning a promise of Hebron to him corresponded to these predictions, would it not be insolence and his posterity: nor in the place (Deut. i. 36.) where and stupidity in the highest degree, not to acknowledge Moses repeats what had been done at Kadesh-barnea. But the inspiration of God in the word of Jacob and Moses; it may be included in what is there spoken. God promises, the direction of his hand in the lot, and his providence in because he had another spirit with him, and had followed the event ?”

God fully, therefore he should enter into the land whereHow the lot was cast in this case, cannot be particularly into lie came, and his seed should possess it. Probably this determined. It is probable, 1. That the land was geogra- relates to Hebron, and was so understood by all parties at phically divided into ten portions. 2. That each portion that time. This seems tolerably evident, from the pointed was called by a particular name. 3. That the name of each reference made by Caleb to this transaction.

12 Now therefore give me this mountain, Kirjath-arba ; which Arba was a great man whereof the Lord spake in that day; for thou among the Anakims. And the land had rest heardest in that day how ? the Anakims were from war. there, and that the cites were great and fenced:

CHAPTER XV. a if so be the Lord will be with me, then I shall The lot of the tribe of Judah describea], . 'Their south border, 2-4. Their east

bonder, 5-1 Their west borter, 12. Calet's conquest, 13-15. Proinizea his be able to drive them out, as the Lord said.

daughter to the person who should take Kirjath-pher, 16. Othniel, hie kineman, 13 And Joshua blessed him, and gave unto

Her request to her

father to get a well watered land, which is granted, 18, 19. The cities of Use Caleb the son of Jephunneh, Hebron for an in triue of Judah are enumerateci, 2-3 heritance.

VIIS then was the lot of the tribe an. Exod. Lar. 14 Hebron therefore became the inheritance

1. Olyinp. 667. of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto families; i even to the border of Edom, this day, because thai he ' wholly followed the the k wilderness of Zin southward was the utterLord God of Israel.

most part of the south coast. 15 And the name of Hebron before was 2 And their south border was from the shore

rewers himself mister of it, and gets Acheal to wife, 17.


Anno ante

Numb. 13. 233-a Pra 18.32, 31. & 60. 12. Rom. 8. 31,-- Ch. 15. 14. Judg. 1. 20.--e Ch. 22 6.- Ch 10.37. & 15. 13. Julg. 1. 20. See Ch. 21. 11, 12 I Chron

6. 55, 56.-e Ch. 21.12 1 Mac 2. 55.- Ver. 3.9.--g Gen. 23. 2. CA. 15. 13.-h Ch. 11. 23. --i Numb. 34. 3.- Num. 33. 36.

Verse 7. As it was in mine heart) Neither fear nor general wars; the inhabitants of Canaan, collectively, favour influenced him on the occasion : he told what he be could make no longer any head, and when their confedelieved to be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the racy was broken by the conquests of Joshua, he thought truth.

proper to divide the land, and let each tribe expel the anVerse 9. The land whereon thy feet hare trodden] This cient inhabitants that might still remain in its own territoprobably refers to Hebron: which was no doubt mentioned ries. Hence the wars after this time were particular on this occasion.

wars—there were no more general campaigns, as it was Verse 10. These forty and five years] See the note on no longer necessary for the whole Israelitish body to act chap. xiii. ver. 1.

against an enemy now disjointed and broken. This apVerse 11. Eren so is my strength now I do not ask pears to be the most rational meaning of the words, The this place because I wish to sit down now, and take my land had rest from war. ease; on the contrary, I know I must fight to drive out the The Jewish economy furnishes not only a history of Anakim, and I am as able and willing to do it, as I was God's revelations to man; but also a history of his proviforty-five years ago, when Moses sent me to spy out the dence; and an ample, most luminous and glorious comlaud.

ment on that providence. Is is possible that any man can Verse 12. I shall be able to drive them out] He cannot seriously and considerately sit down to the reading even mean Hebron merely, for that had been taken before by of this book, without rising up a wiser and a better man? Joshua: but in the request of Caleb, doubtless all the cir This is the true history which every where exhibits God cumjacent country was comprised, in many parts of which as the first morer and prime agent, and men only as subthe Anakim were still in considerable force. It has been ordinate actors. What a miracle of God's power, wisdom, conjectured that Hebron itself had again fallen under the grace, justice, and providence, are the people of Israel, in power of its former possessors, who, taking the advantage every period of their history, and in every land of their of the absence of the Israelitish army, who were employed dispersions! If their fall occasioned the salvation of the in other parts of the country, re-entered the city, and re Gentile world, what shall their restoration produce! Their stored their ancient domination. But the first opinion seems future inheritance is not left to what men would call the best founded.

fortuitous decision of a lot : like Caleb's possession, it is Verse 13. Joshua blessed him) As the word bless often confirmed by the oath of the Lord; and when the end shall signifies to speak good, or well, of or to any person, (see be, this people shall stand in their lot at the end of the the note on Gen. ii. 3.) here it may mean the praise be- days; and shall again be great to the ends of the earth. stowed on Caleb's intrepidity and faithfulness, by Joshua;

NOTES ON CHAPTER XV. as well as a prayer to God, that he might have prosperity Verse 1. This then was the lot of the tribe of Judah) in all things; and especially that the Lord might be with The geography of the Sacred Writings presents many difhim, as himself had expressed in the preceding verse. ficulties, occasioned by the changes which the civil state

Verse 14. Hebron therefore became the inheritance of of the promised land has underwent, especially for the last Caleb] Joshua admitted his claim, recognized his right, two thousand years. Many of the ancient towns and viland made a full conveyance of Hebron and its dependen- lages have had their names so totally changed, that their cies to Caleb and his posterity: and this being done in the former appellations are no longer discernible---several lie sight of all the elders of Israel, the right was publicly ac buried under their own ruing, and others have been so long knowledged, and consequently this portion was excepted destroyed, that not one vestige of them remains. On these from the general determination by lot: God having, long accounts it is very difficult to ascertain the situation of before, made the cession of this place to him and his de many of the places mentioned in this and the following scendants.

chapters. But, however this may embarrass the commenVerse 15. And the name of Hebron before was Kirjathtator, it cannot affect the truth of the narrative. Some of arba) That is, the city of Arba; or rather, the city of the principal cities in the universe, cities that were the the four; for thus yan op kiryath arbâ, may be literally seats of the most powerful empires, are not only reduced translated. It is very likely that this city had its name to ruins, but so completely bloured out of the map of the from four Anakim, gigantic or powerful men, probably world, that their situation cannot be ascertained.' Where brothers, who built or conquered it. This conjecture re is Babylon, where is Ninerch, Carthage, Thebes, Tyre, ceives considerable strength from chap. xv. 14. where it is Baalbec, Palmyra, and the so far-famed, and greatly-celsaid that Caleb drove from Hebron the three sons of Anak, ehrnted Troy? Of the former and the latter, so renowned Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai: now it is quite possible by historians and poets, scarcely a vestige, properly speakthat Hebron had its former name, Kiriath-arba, ihe city ing, remains; nor can the learned agree on the spot once of the four, from these three song and their father, who, occupied by the buildings of those celebrated cities! Should being men of uncommon stature or abilities, had rendered this circumstance invalidate the whole history of the anthemselves famous by acts proportioned to their strength cient world, in which they made so congpicuous a figure? and influence in the country. "It appears however, from And can the authenticity of our sacred historian be imchap. xv. 13. that Arba was a proper name, as there he is paired, because several of the places he mentions no longer called the father of Anak. The Septuagint call Hebron exist? Surely, no: nor can it be called in question, but The metropolis of the Enakim, unsporodis to Evarıy. by the hecdless and superficial, or the decidedly profane. It was probably the seat of government, being the residence Although some of the cities of the holy land are destroyed, of the above chiefs, from whose conjoint authority and and it would be difficult to ascertain the geography of seva power it might have been called man chebron, as the word eral, yet enow remain, either under their ancient names, an chabar, literally signifies to associate, to join in fel- or with such decisive characteristics, that, through their lowship; and appears to be used, Job xli. 6. for " new names, their ancient appellatives are readily discerniciated merchants, or merchants' companions, who travel ble. On the general information we have, the Map accomled in the same caravan.” Both these names are express-nying this book is constructed. ive, and serve to confirm the above conjecture. No notice It is natural to suppose, that the division mentioned, need be taken of the tradition that this city was called the here, was made after an accurate survey of the land, which city of the four, because it was the burial-place of Adam, might have been made by proper persons accompanying Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Such traditions confute the conquering army of the Israelites. Nine tribes and å themselves.

half were yet to be accommodated ; and the land must be The land had rest from war) There were no more divided into nine parts and a half. This was no doubt



of the Salt sea, from the i bay that looketh | looking toward Gilgal, that is before the going southward :

up to Adummin, which is on the south side of 3 And it went out to the south side m.to the river: and the border passed toward the • Maaleh-acrabbim, and pasted along to Zin. waters of En-shemesh, and the goings out thereand ascended up on the south side unto Kadesh- of were at En-rogel: barnea, and passed along to Hezron, and went 8 And the border went up by the valley of up to Adar, and fetched a compass to Kar- the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the kaa:

" Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the bor4 From thence it passed o toward Azmon, der went up to the top of the mountain that and went out unto the river of Egypt; and the lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, goings out of that coast were at the sea: this which is at the end of the valley of the giants shall be your south coast.

northward: 5 And the east border was the Salt sea, eren 9 And the border was drawn from the top of unto the end of Jordan. And their border in the the hill unto the fountain of the water of north quarter was from the bay of the sea at the Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of mount uttermost part of Jordan:

Ephron; and the border was drawn * to Baalah, 6 And the border went up to p Beth-hogla, and which is Kirjath-jearim: passed along by the north of Beth-arabah; and 10 And the border compassed from Baalah the border went ups to the stone of Bohan, the westward unto mount Seir, and passed along son of Reuben:

unto the side of mount Jearim, which is Chesa7 And the border went up toward Debir lon, on the north side, and went down to Bethfrom the valley of Achor, and so northward, shemesh, and passed on to · Timnah:

I Heh, tongue.-M Nurh 31, 1,-- Or, the aning up to Arrabhinn.-o Numb. 31. 5- Ch. 18. 19.-- Ch. 18. 17.-1 Ch. 7. - 2 Sam. 17. 17. 1 Kings 1. 9.-- Ch.

18. 16. Eingy 23. 10. Jer. 19. 2, 6.--u Ch. 18. Judg. 1. 21. & 19. 10.-12. La 16 w Ch. 18. 15-x1 Chron. 13 6.-y Judg. 18. 12-2 Gen. 36. 13. Julgeo 11.1.

done with the utmost judgment and discretion : the advan- from the punishment of Achan. See the account, chap. tages and disadvantages of each division being carefully vii. 24, &c. balanced. These were the portions which were divided En-shemesh] The fountain of the sun; it was castby lot; and it appears that Judah drew the first lot: and ward of Jerusalem, on the confines of Judah and Benjamin. because of the importance and pre-eminence of this tribe, Verse 8. The valley of the son of innom! Whó Hinthis lot is first described.

nom was is not known: nor why this was called his yalBy their families] It is supposed, that the family di- | ley. It was situated on the east of Jerusalem; and is often visions were not determined by lot. These were left to mentioned in Scripture. The image of the idol Moloch the prudence and judgment of Joshua, Eleazar, and the appears to have been set up there; and there the idolatrous ten princes, who appointed to each family a district, in Israelites caused their sons and daughters to pass through proportion to its number, &c. the general division being the fire, in honour of that demon, 2 Kings xxvi. 10. It was that alone which was determined by the lol.

also called Tophet, see Jer. vii. 32. When king Josiah To the border of Edlom! The tribe of Judah occupied removed the image of this idol from this valley, it appears the most southerly part of the land of Canaan. Its limits to have been held in such universal execration, that it beextended from the extremity of the Dead sea southward came the general receptacle of all the filth and impurities along Idumea, possibly by the desert of Sin, and proceed which were carried out of Jerusalem : and it is supposed, ing from east io west to the Mediterranean sea, and the that continual fires were there kept up, to consume those most eastern branch of the river Nile; or to what is called | impurities, and prevent infection. From the Hebrew the river of Egypt. Calmet very properly remarks, that words ovan je nu gei ben Hinnom, the ralley of the son of Joshua is particular in giving the limits of this tribe, as Hinnom, and by contraction bun Ni gei Hinnom, the being the first, the most numerous, most important, that ralley of Hinnom, came the Sécura, Gehenna, of the New which was to furnish the kings of Judea-that in which | Testament, called also récvva tov rupos, the Gehenna of pure religion was to be preserved, and that from which fire, which is the emblem of hell, or the place of the the Messiah was to spring.

damned. See Mait. v. 22, 29, 30. x. 18. xviii. 9, &c. Verse 2. From the bay that looketh southward] These The same is Jerusalem] This city was formerly called were the southern limits of the tribe of Judah, which com Jebus, a part of it was in the tribe of Benjamin ; Si menced at the extremity of the lake Asphaltites or Dead called its citadel, was in the tribe of Judah. eea, and terminated at Sihor, or the river of Egypt, and The valley of the giants! Of the Rephaim. See the Mediterranean sea; though some think it extended to the notes on Gen. vi. 4. xiv. 5. Deut. ii. 7, 11. Nile.

On this subject, a very intelligent clergyman favours me Verse 3. Maaleh-acrabbim! The ascent of the mount with his opinion in the following terms. of Scorpions, probably so called from the multitude of “The boundary between Judah and Benjamin went tip those animals found in that place.

from the valley of Hinnom on the east, to the top of the Kadesh-barnea] This place was called En-mishpat, hill southward, leaving Jebusi (or Jerusalem) to the northGen. xiv. 7. It was on the edge of the wilderness of Paran, west adjoining to Benjamin. This mount (Jebusi) lay be and about twenty-four miles from Hebron. Here Miriam, tween the two tribes; which the Jebusites possessed till the sister of Moses and Aaron, died; and here Moses and the time of David. At the 63d verse here, it is said Judah Aaron rebelled against the Lord; hence the place was could not drive out these people; and in Judges i. 21. the called Meribah-Kadesh, or the contention of Kadesh. same is said of the Benjamites. Each tribe might have

Karkaa] Supposed to be the Coracea of Ptolemy, in attacked them at various times. There were various mounts Arabia Petraa. Calmet.

or tops to these hills. Mount Zion, and Moriah, where Verse 4. Toward Azmon) This was the last city they the temple stood, was in the tribe of Judah; Psal. lxxvuL. possessed toward Egypt.

68, 69. İxxxvii. 2.) The river of Egypt] The most eastern branch of the “In Deut. xxxiii. 12. it is said of Benjamin, the Lord river Nile. See on chap. xiii. 3. But there is much reason shall duell by him; i. e. near him, or beside his borders: to doubt, whether any branch of the Nile be meant, and between his shoulders : the line might be circular between whether the promised land extended to that river. On this the two hills or tops, so as in part to encompass mount subject it is impossible to decide either way.

Zion in the tribe of Judah, on which the temple stood. Verse 5. The cast border was the Sali sea] The Salt Benjamin's Gate (mentioned Jerem. xxxvii. 12, 13. and sea is the same as the Dead sea, lake Asphaltites, &c. xxxv11. 7.) was the gate leading out of the city into the And here it is intimated, that the eastern border of the tribe tribe of Benjamin, so the gate of Ephraim (2 Kings xiv. of Judah extended along the Dead sea, from its lowest ex 13.) was a gate which led toward the tribe of Ephraim. tremity to the end of Jordan, i. e. to the place where Jor We give names to roads, &c. in the same way now. dan falls into this sea.

“Mount Calvary (which was on the outside of the gate) Verse 6. Belh-hogla) A place between Jericho and the seems to have been in the tribe of Benjamin. Quere. Dead sea, belonging to the tribe of Benjamin, chap. xvii. Whether Calvary or Golgotha, was so called from skuila 21. though here serving as a frontier to the tribe of Judah. being scattered about there, (as say some,) or rather from

Slone of Bohan) This must have been some remark- the figure of the rock being shaped like a man's skuil, able place, probably like the stone of Jacob, which after- with one face of it nearly perpendicular? I incline to this ward became Beth-el, but where it was situated, is un latter opinion. I believe the Jews did not suffer human certain.

bones, even of malefactors, to lie about.”—J. C. Verse 7. The valley of Achor] Debir mentioned in this Verse 9. Baalah, which is Kirjath-jearim] This place verse is unknown. The ralley of Achor had its name was rendered famous in Scripture, in consequence of its


11 And the border went out unto the side of 21 | And the uttermost cities of the tribe of * Ekron northward: and the border was drawn the children of Judah, toward the coast of to Shicron, and passed along to mount Baalah, Edom southward, were Kabzeel, and Edur, and and went out unto Jabneel; and the goings out Jagur, of the border were at the sea.

22 And Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah, 12 And the west border was b to the great 23 And Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan, sea, and the coast thereof. This is the coast of 21 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth, the children of Judah round about according to 25 And Hazor, Hadattah, and Kerioth, and their families.

Hezron, which is Hazor, 13 1 ° And unto Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, 26 Amam, and Shema, and Moladah, he gave a part among the children of Judah, ac 27 And Hazar-gaddah, and Heshmon, and cording to the commandment of the Lord to Beth-palet, Joshua, even d the e city of Arba, the father of 28 And Hazar-shual, and Beer-sheba, and Anak, which city is Hebron.

Bizjothjah, 11 And Calebo drove thence ! the three sons 29 Baalah, and lim, and Azem, of Anak, & Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, 30 And Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah, the children of Anak.

31 And - Ziklag, and Madmannah, and San15 And – he went up thence to the inhabitants sannah. of Debir: and the name of Debir before was 32 And Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Kirjath-cepher.

Rimmon: all the cities are twenty and nine, 16 1 1 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kir- with their villages: jath-sepher, and taketh it, to him will I give 33 And in the valley, 'Eshtaol, and Zoreah, Achsah my daughter to wife.

and Ashnah, 17 And Othniel, the son of Kenaz, the 34 And Zanoah, and En-gannim, Tappuah, brother of Caleb, took it: and he gave him Ach- and Enam, sah his daughter to wife.

35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh,and Azekah, 18 m And it came to pass, as she came unto 36 And Shiraim, and Adithaim, and Gedehim, that she moved him to ask of her father a rah, rand Gederothaim; fourteen cities with field: and " she lighted off her ass; and Caleb their villages : said unto her, What wouldest thou?

37 Zenan, and Hadashah, and Migdal-gad, 19 Who answered, Give me a blessing; for 39 And Dilean, and Mizpeh, " and Joktheel, thou hast given me a south land; give me also 39 Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon, springs of water. And he gave her the upper 40 And Cabbon, and Lahmam, and Kithlish, springs and the nether springs.

41 And Gederoth, Beth-dagon, and Naamah, 20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the and Makkedah; sixteen cities with their vilchildren of Judah, according to their families. lages :

A Chup. 19. 43.- Ver. 17. Numbers 31. 6.7.--c Ch. 14. 13. Ch. 14. 15. Or, k Indg. I. 13. & 39,- Nurnb. 32. 12. Ch. 14. 6.-m Jag 1. 14. 2 Sam. 7. 29. Kirjaihariki - Judg. 1. 10, 20.- Nurub. 13. 22.-- Ch. 10. 38. Judg. 1. 11. n See Gen. 44. 61. 1 Sam. 15. 2.-- Gen. 33. Il.--p1 Sam. 21.6.- Namb. 13. 23. i July 1. 12

r Or, 9r.-- 2 Kings 11.7. being the residence of the ark, for 20 years after it was Verse 24. Ziph] There were two cities of this name sent back by the Philistines; see 1 Sam. v. vi. and vii. 1, 2. in the tribe of Judah: that mentioned here, and another,

Verse 10. Beth-shemesh] The house or temple of the ver. 55. One of these two is noted for the refuge of Dasun. It is evident that the sun was an object of adoration vid, when persecuted by Saul: and the attempts made by among the Canaanites; and hence fountains, hills, &c. its inhabitants to deliver him into the hands of his persecuwere dedicated to him. Beth-shemesh is remarkable for


See 1 Sam. xxii. 14- 24. the slanghter of its inhabitants, in consequence of their Verse 28. Beer-sheba] A city famous in the book of prying curiously, if not impiously into the ark of the Lord, Genesis, as the residence of the patriarchs Abraham and when sent back by the Philistines. See 1 Sam. vii. Jacob, chap. xxii. 19. xxviii. 10. xlvi. 1. See the note on Verse 12. The great sca] The Mediterranean.

Gen. xxi. 31. It lay on the way between Canaan and Verse 13. And unto Caleb-he gave a part] See the Egypt, about forty miles from Jerusalem. notes on chap. xiv. 14, &c.

Verse 30. Hormah] A place rendered famous by the deVerse 14. The three sons of Anak] See on chap. xiv. 15. feat of the Hebrews by the Canaanites. See Numb. xiv.

Verse 15. Kirjath-sephers The city of the book. Why 45. Deut. i. 44. so named is uncertain. It was also called Dcbir, and Verse 31. Ziklag] The Philistines seem to have kept Kirjath-sannah. See ver. 49.

possession of this city, till the time of David; who reVerse 16. Will I give Achsah my daughter) In ancient ceived it from Achish, king of Gath, 1 Sam. xxvii. 6. after times fathers assumed an absolute right over their children, which time it remained in the possession of the kings of especially in disposing of them in marriage: and it was Judah. customary for a king, or great man, io promise his Verse 32. All the cities are twenty and nine, with their daughter in marriage, to him who should take a city, kill villages] But, on a careful examination, we shall find an enemy, &c. So Saul promised his daughter in mar- thirty-eight; but it is supposed, that nine of these are exriage to him who should kill Goliah, 1 Sam. xvii. 25. and cepted, viz. Beer-sheba, Moladah, Hazar-shual, Baalah, Caleb offers his, on this occasion, to him who should take Azem, Hormah, Ziklag, Ain, and Rimmon, which were Kirjath-sepher. Profane writers furnish many similar afterward given to the tribe of Simeon. This may apexamples.

pear satisfactory, but perhaps the truth will be found to be Verse 18. As she came] As she was now departing from this : several cities in the promised land are expressed by the house of her father, to go to that of her husband. compound terms; not knowing the places, different trans

She moved him] Othniel, to ask of her father a field, lations combine what should be separated; and in many one on which she had set her heart, as contiguous to the cases separate what should be combined. Through this, we patrimony already granted.

have cities formed out of epithets. On this ground, we have She lighted off her ass) nosny Vatilsnach, she hastily, thirty-eight cities as the sum here, instead of twenty-nine. suddenly alighted, as if she had forgotten something, or Versc 33. Eshtaol, and Zoreah] Here Samson was was about to return to her father's house. Which being buried, it being the burial place of his fathers, see Judges perceived by her father, he said, What wouldest thou? | xvi. 31. These places, though first given to Judah, afterWhat is the matter? What dost thou want ?

ward fell to the lot of Dan; chap. xix. 41. Verse 19. Give me a blessing] Do me an act of kind Verse 35. Jarmuth] See the note on chap. x. 3. ness. Grant me a particular request.

Adullam] See the note on chap. xii. 15. Thou hast given me a south land] Which was proba Socoh] It was near this place that David fought with bly dry, or very ill watered.

and slew Goliah, the champion of the Philistines ; 1 Sam. Give me also springs of water.] Let me have some xvii. 1. fields in which there are brooks, or wells already digged. Verse 36. Gederah] See the pote on chap. xii. 13.

The upper springs, and the nether springs.] He gave Fourteen cities] Well reckoned, we shall find fifteen her even more than she requested: he gave her a district cities here: but probably Gederah and Gederothaim, ver. among the mountains, and another in the plains, well | 36. are the same. See the note on ver. 32. situated, and well watered. There are several difficulties Verse 39. Lachish,—and Eglon] See the note on in this account with which I shall not trouble the reader. chap. x. 3. What is mentioned above, appears to be the sense.

Verse 41. Beth-dagon] The house or temple of Dagon.

53 And Hanum, and Berhatia ppuan, Aphekadi AN

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ver. 9.

42 Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan,

57 Cain, Gibeah, and Timnah; ten cities with 43 And Jiphtah, and Ashnah, and Nezib, their villages:

44 And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; 58 Halhul, Beth-zur, and Gedor, nine cities with their villages:

59 And Maarath, and Beth-anoth, and Elte45 Ekron, with her towns and her villages: kon; sis cities with their villages :

46 From Ekron, even unto the sea, all that 60 2 Kirjath-baal, which is Kirjath-jearim, lay' near Ashdod, with their villages:

and Rabbah; two cities with their villages : 47 Ashdod with her towns and her villages, 61 in the wilderness, Beth-arabah, Middin, Gaza with her towns and her villages, unto and Secacah, the river of Egypt, and the great sea, and the 62 And Nibshan, and the city of Salt, and border thereof:

En-gedi; six cities with their villages. 43 And in the mountains, Shamir, and Jattir, 63 | As for the Jebusites, the inhabitants of and Socoh.

Jerusalem, a the children of Judah could not 49 And Dannah, and Kirjath-sannah, which drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with is Debir,

the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this 50 And Anab, and Eshtemoh, and Anim,

day. 51 w And Goshen, and Holon, and Giloh ;

CHAPTER XVI. eleven cities with their villages:

Borders of the children of Joseph, 1-4. The borders of the Eplarmimiter, S. 52 Arab, and Dumah, and Eshcan,

'The Canaanites dwell tributary among them, 100

ND the lot of the children of Jo- An Exal Is. -arba, which seph fell from Jordan by Jericho,

LOlup e. is Hebron, and Zior; nine cities with their vil- unto the water of Jericho on the easi, lages:

to the wilderness that goeth up from Jericho 55 Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Jutlah, throughout mount Beth-el, 56 And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah, 2 And goeth out from Beth-el to · Luz, and t Heb. by the place of - Ver. 4.- Sumb 31.6--w Chap. 10. 41. & 11. 16. z Ch. 18. 14. -- See Judg. 1. 8, 21. 2 Sam. 5.6.-- Judg. 1. 21. Het on xi, Janus.--y Chap. 14. 15. & Ver. 13.

forth. 1 Sam. 13. 2.-- Ch. 13. 13. Judg. 1. 35. This is a well known idol of the Philistines, and probably mentions them, so that we find they were in the comes he the place mentioned here was in some part of their terri used. Dr. Kennicott contends that they should be restored tories; but the situation, at present, is unknown.

to the text, and accounts thus for their omission.

“The Verse 42. Libnah] See the note on chap. x. 29. same word 17779879 rechatsareyhen, And their rilages, ocEther! From chap. xix. 9. we learn, that this city was curing immediately before this passage, and at the end of afterward given to the tribe of Simeon.

it, the transcriber's eye passed from one to the other by Verse 41. Keilah] This town was near Hebron, and mistake. A similar accident has caused the omission of is said to have been the burying place of the prophet Ha two whole verses, the 35th and 36th of chap. xxi." See bakkuk. David obliged the Philistines to raise the siege the note there. of it, see 1 Sam. xxiii. 1-13. but finding that its inhabit Verse 60. Kirjath-baal] The same as Baalah. See on ants had purposed to deliver him into the hands of Soul, who was coming in pursuit of him, he made his escape. Verse 62. The city of Sall] Or of Melach. This city See this remarkable case explained in the note on Deut. was somewhere in the vicinity of the lake Asphcllites, the xxxü. 15.

waters of which are the saltest, perhaps, in the world. Mareshah] Called also Maresheth and Marasthi ; it The whole country abounds with salt: see the note on was the birth place of the prophet Micah. Near this Gen. xix. 25. Some suppose that it is the same as Zoar, place was the famous battle between Asa, king of Judah, the place to which Lot escaped, after the destruction of and Zerah, king of Cushor Ethiopia, who was at the head Sodom and Gomorrah. of one thousand thousand men, and three hundred chariots. En-gedi] The well of the kid: it was situated between Asa defeated this immense host, and took much spoils : Jericho and the lake of Sodom, or Dead sea. 2 Chron. xiv. 9--15.

Verse 63. The Jebusites dwell-at Jerusalem. unto Verse 46, Ekron] One of the five Philistine lordships; this day] The whole history of Jerusalem preriously to see the note on chap. xii. 3.

the time of David, is incumbered with many difñcuities. Verse 47. Ashdod] Called also Azolus, Acts viii. 40. Sometimes it is attributed to Judah, sometimes to BeniaSee the foregoing note.

min; and it is probable, that, being on the frontiers of both Unto the river of Egypt] The Pclusaic branch of the those tribes, each possessed a part of it. If the Jebresites Nile, or Sihor. But see on ver. 4.

were ever driven out before the time of David, it is certain The great sea] The Mediterranean.

they recovered it again, or at least a part of it, what is Verse 48. Socoh] See a town of this name, ver. 35. called the citadel, or strong hold of Zion, see 2 Sam. 1. Verse 49. Kirjath-sannah] See the note on ver. 15. 7. which he took from them; after which the city fell Verse 51. Goshen] See the note on chap. x. 41. wholly into the hands of the Israelites. This verse is an Giloh] The country of the traitor Ahitophcl, 2 Sam. additional proof that the book of Joshua was not written

after the times of the Jewish kings, as some have endeaVerse 53. Beth-tappuah] The house of the apple, or voured to prove-for, when this verse was written the citron tree. Probably a place where these grew in great Jebusites dwelt with the children of Judah, which they abundance and perfection.

did not after the days of David : therefore the book was Aphekah] See the note on chap. xi. 18.

written before there were any kings in Judea. Verse 54. Kirjath-arba) See the note on chap. xiv. 15. It is very likely that many cities have, by the lape of

Verse 55. Maon] In a desert to which this town gave time, not only changed their names, or have been totally name, David took refuge for a considerable time, from the destroyed, see the note on ver. 1. but that the names of persecution of Saul. And in this place, Nabal the Car- those in the preceding catalogue have been changed also ; melite had great possessions. See 1 Sam. xxiii. 24, 25. several of them are repeated that should have been meni xxv. 2.

tioned but once, and not a few confounded with the terms Carmel] Not the celebrated mount of that name, but a by which they are described. But we must not suppose, village, the residence of, Nabal. See 1 Sam. xxv. 2. It that every repetition of the same is through the carelesswas near Maon, mentioned above, and was about ten ness of copyists; for there are often two places which miles eastward of Hebron. It is the same place where bear the same name, which is frequently the care in EngSaul erected a trophy to himself, after the defeat of the land. But, besides this, villages are mentioned as being Amalekites, see 1 Sam. xv. 12.

apparently in the tribe of Judah, which afterward appear Ziph] See on ver. 24.

to have been in another tribe. The reason appears to be Verse 57. Timnah] A frontier town of the Philistines : this: many towns are mentioned which were frontier it was in this place that Samson got his wife, see Judg. towns, and when the limits of a tribe are pointed ouh such xiv. and xv.

places must neeessarily be mentioned, though allotted to a Verse 58. Gedor] See the note on chap. xii. 13. In different tribe. This consideration will serve to remove this place, the Alexandrian MS. of the Septuagint, and several difficulties which occur in the reading of this and the Codex Vaticanus, add the eleven following towns: the following chapters. Theca, and Ephratha, (that is, Bethlehem,) and Phagor, and Etan, and Kulon, and Talam, and Thebes, and

NOTES ON CHAPTER XVI. Karam, and Galam,' and Thether, and Manocho ; Verse 1. The children of Joseph) Ephraim and Mac eleven cities and their villages. St. Jerom, on Mic. v. 1. | nasseh, and their descendants. The limits of the tribe of


xv. 12.

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