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David I will save my people Israel out of the 28 | And afterward, when David heard it, he hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of said, I and my kingdom are guiltless before the all their enemies.

Lord for ever from the blood of Abner the son 19 And Abner also spake in the ears of Ben- of Ner: jamin: and Abner went also to speak in the 29 Let it rest on the head of Joab, and on all ears of David in Hebron all that seemed good to his father's house; and let there not a fai) from Israel, and that seemed good to the whole the house of Joab one " that bath an isene, or house of Benjainin.

that is a leper, or that leaneth on a staff, or that 20 So Abner came to David to Hebron, and falleth on the sword, or that lacketh bread. twenty men with him. And David made Abner, 30 So Joab and Abjshai his brother slew Aband the men that were with him, a feast.

ner, because he had slain their brother - Asahel 21 And Abner said unto David, I will arise at Gibeon in the battle. and go, and will gather all Israel unto my lord 31 1 And David said to Jonb, and to all the the king, that they may make a league with people that were with him, o Rend your clothes, thee, and that thou mayest dreign over all that and a gird you with sackcloth, and mourn before thine heart desireth. And David sent Abner | Abner. And King David himself followed the away: and he went in peace.

rbier. 22 || And, behold, the servants of David and 32 And they buried Abner in Hebron: and the Joab came from pursuing a troop, and brought king lifted up his voice, and wept at the grave in a great spoil with them: but Abner was not of Abner; and all the people wept. with David in Hebron; for he had sent him 33 And the king lamented over Abner, and away, and he was gone in peace.

said, Died Abner as a fool dieth ? 23 When Joab and all the host that was with 34 Thy hands were not bound, nor thy feet put him were come, they told Joab, saying, Abner into fetters: as a man falleth before wicked the son of Ner came to the king, and he hath men, so fellest thou. And all the people wept sent him away, and he is gone in peace.

again over him. 24 Then Joab came to the king, and said, 35 And when all the people came to cause DaWhat hast thou done? behold, Abner came unto vid to eat meat while it was yet day, David sware, thee; why is it that thou hast sent him away, saying, 'So do God to me, and more also, if I and he is quite gone?

taste bread, or aught else, " till the sun be down. 25 Thou knowest Abner the son of Ner, that 36 And all the people took notice of it, and it he came to deceive thee, and to know thy go- pleased them: as whatsoever the king did ing out and thy coming in, and to know all that pleased all the people. thou doest.

37 For all the people and all Israel under26 And when Joab was come out from David, stood that day that it was not of the king to slay he sent messengers after Abner, which brought Abner the son of Ner. him again from the well of Sirah: but David 33 And the king said unto his servants, Know knew it not.

ye not that there is a prince and a great man 27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, fallen this day in Israel ? Joab ftook him aside in the gate to speak with 39 And I am this day weak, though anointed him 6 quietly, and smote him there hunder the king; and these men, the sons of Zeruiah, : be fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of i Asahel too hard for me : the Lord shall reward the his brother.

doer of evil according to his wickedness.

bi Chron. 12. 23.-c Ver. 10. 12-11 Kings 11. 37.-e I Sam. 29. 6. Isa. 37. 33. 1 Kings 2. 5. So Ch. 20 9, 10. -- Or, peccrably. Ch. 4. 6.-- Ch. 2 21.--k Heb. Moods --! | Kings 2 32, 33 --m Heb. be cut off -- Lev. 15. 2.- Ch.2 2.-- Josh. 7. 6. Ch. 1.2, 11.

9 Gen. 37. 3.- Heb. bed. - Ch. 13. 12, 13.-- Hleb. children of iniquity12'17. Jer 16, 7.-- Ruth 1.17.- Ch 1. 12. - Heb. was good in their cose y Heb. tender - Ch 19. 7.-a See Ch. 19. 13. 1 Kings 2 5,6, 33, 34. Psa & 62. 12. 2 Tim. 4. 14.

Thy hapxls were not bound,

able is the lot of a king, who is governed by the general The murder, however, was one of the most unprovoked of his army; who may strip him of his power and dignity and wicked : and such was the power and influence of whenever he pleases! Witness the fate of poor Charles I. this nefarious general, that the king dared not to bring of England, and Lewis XVI. of France. Military men, him to justice for his crime. In the same way he murderabove all others, should never be intrusted with any civil ed Amasa, a little time afterward. See ch. xx. ver. 10. power; and should be great only in the field.

Joab was a cool-blooded, finished murderer. "Treason Verse 13. E.rcept thou first bring Michal] David had and murder ever keep together like two yoke-devils.” already sir wives at Hebron; and none of them could have Verse 29. Lct it rest on the head] All these verbs may such pretensions to legitimacy as Michal, who had been be rendered in the future tense : it will rest on the head taken away from him, and married to Phaltiel. However of Joab, &c. This was a prophetie declaration, which distressing it was, to lake her from a husband who loved sufficiently showed the displeasure of God against this her most tenderly, (see verse 16.) yet prudence and policy execrable man. required that he should strengthen his own interest in the Verse 31. David said to Joab) He commanded him to kingdom as much as possible; and that he should not take on him the part of a principal mourner. leave a princess in the possession of a man, who might, in Verse 33. The king lamented orer Abner] This laher right, have made pretensions to the throne. Besides, mentation, though short

, is very pathetic. Ii is a high she was his own lawful wife; and he had a right to de- strain of poetry; but the measure cannot be easily ascermand her when he pleased.

tained. Our own translation may be measured thus : Verse 14. Deliver me my wife] It is supposed that he

Died Abper as a fool dieth ? meant to screen Abner; and to prevent that violence which

Nor thy feet pot into letters. he might have used in carrying off Michal.

As a man falleth before the wicked, Verse 16. Weeping behind her] If genuine affection did not still subsist between David and Michal, it was a

Shall Abner die pity to have taken her from Phaltiel; who had her to wife from the conjoint authority of her father and her king. Nevertheless David had a legal right to her, as she had

Nor were the letters to thy feet applied

Like as one falls before the sons of guilt, never been divorced : for she was taken from him by the hand of violence.

He was not taken away by the hand of justice, nor in Verse 18. The Lord hath spoken of David) Where is batlle, nor by accident: he died the death of a culprit, by this spoken? Such a promise is not extant. Perhaps falling into the hands of a villain. means no more than, "Thus, it may be presumed, God This song was a heavy reproof to Joab: and must have hath determined.”

galled him extremely, being sung by all the people. Verse 21. He went in peace.) David dismissed him in Verse 36. The people took notice] They saw that the good faith, having no sinister design in reference to him. king's grief was sincere, and that he had no part nor device

Verse 27. And smote him there] Joab feared that, after in the murder of Abner: see ver. 37. having rendered such essential services to David, Abner Verse 39. I am this day weak) Had Abner lived, all would be made captain of the host: he, therefore, deter- the tribes of Israel would have been brought under my mined to prevent it, by murdering the man, under pre- government. tence of avenging the death of his brother Asahel.

Though anointed king) I have little else than the title:

So hast thou fallen!

Or thus,

A death like to a villain's 7
Thy hands not bound,

So bast thou fallen!

mandle thean to be sain, 9-12 An. Exalls.

43. Anno ante


8 And they brought the head of Ish-bosheth

unto David to Hebron, and said to the king, BeSome rocount of Rechabnn Baanah, two of Ish-bosheth's captains; and of Mephibusheth, le son of Jonathan I Rechabarn Baanah murder ish-bosheth, and hold the he:ud of Ish-bosheth, the son of Saul, escape, and bring his head to David, 5-8. David is greauy irritated, and com

thine enemy, 'which sought thy life; and the AND when Saul's son

heard that Saul

, andhavenged my lord the king this day of 1 Olymp. 22 hands were feeble, and all the Israel- his brother,

the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite,

9.1 And David answered Rechab and Baanah ites were troubled. 2 1 And Saul's son had two men that were hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity,

and said unto them, As the Lord liveth, m who captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the d other Rechab, the

10 When "one told me, saying, Behold, Saul sons of 'Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children is dead, thinking to have brought good tidings, of Benjamin : (for · Beeroth also was reckoned took hold of him, and slew him in Ziklag, P who to Benjamin;

thought that I would have given him a reward 3 And the Beerothites fled to 'Gittaim, and for his tidings:

11 How much more, when wicked men have were sojourners there until this day.)

4 And 6 Jonathan, Saul's son, had a son that slain a righteous person in his own house upon his was lame of his feet. He was five years old bed? shall I not therefore now 9 require his blood when the tidings came of Saul and Jonathan of your hand, and take you away from the earth? hout of Jezreel, and his nurse took him up, and

12 And David 'commanded his young, men, Aed: and it came to pass, as she made haste to and they slew them, and cut off their hands and flee, that he fell, and became lame. And his their feet, and hanged them up over the pool in name was i Mephibosheth.

Hebron. But they took the head of Ish-bosheth, 5 And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and buried it in the sepulchre of Abner in Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the

Hebron. heat of the day to the house of Ish-bosheth, who

CHAPTER V. lay on a bed at noon.

The elders of all the tribes of Israel came and anointed David king over all Israel,

I---5. He goes against the Jebrites, and takes the strong-hold of Zion, and after 6 And they came thither into the midst of the ward the city itself; which is called the city of David, 6.-9. David's prosperity, house, as though they would have fetched

and friendship with Hiram, king of Tyre, 10.-12. He takes more concubines, and

begets several song and daughters, 13.-16. The Philistines gather together against wheat: and they smote him kunder the fifth rib:

him in the valley of Rephaim; he defeats thein ; they abandon their wols, and Da.

vid and his men burn them, 17-21. They assemble once more in the valley of and Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped. Rephaim, and David siniles them from Geba to Gazer, 22-25.

7 when they came into house, he on HEN- came all the tribes of Israel An. Exod. Isr. slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and 1. Olymp. 212 and gat them away through the plain all night. thy flesh.

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b Fora 1 Jeai. 13. 7.- Matt 23 Hebseconde Joah. 18. 3.- Neb. IL 33 - Ch.9.3--h 1 Sam. 2. 1, 11, --1 Or, Meribbaal, 1 Chron. 8. 31. & 9. 40.

(h. 2 B.- 1 Sarn. 19. 2, 10, 11. & 2 15. & 25. 2.

m Gen. 19. 16. 1 Kinga 1. 9. Pan. 31. 7.--n Ch. 1. 2, 4, 15.- Heb. he ran in his own eyes as a bringer, &c.-p Or, tehich was the revard I gave him for his tidinge. 9 Gen. 9. 5, 6.-r Ch 1 15.- Ch. 3. 32-a 1 Chron 11.1. & 12. 23.-6 Gen. 29. 14.

first, having only one tribe under my government; and, these men were accustomed to go thither for provisions for secondly, the sons of Zeruiah, Joab and his brethren, hav- themselves, their cattle, and their men. This supposition, ing usurped all the power, and reduced me to the shadow which is natural, renders unnecessary all the emendations of royalty.

of Houbigant and others. The LORD shall reward the doer of evil] That is, Joab, As these men were accustomed to bring wheat from these whom he appears afraid to name.

stores, from which it appears there was an easy passage to We talk much of ancient manners, their simplicity and the king's chamber, especially if we consider this a sumingenuousness; and say, that the former days were better mer-house, as it most probably was; no man would suspect than these. But who says this who is a judge of the times? their present errand, as they were in the habit of going In those days of celebrated simplicity, &c. there were not frequently to that place. 80 many crimes as at present, I grant: but whai they wanted Verse 3. They brought the head-unto Durid] They in number, they made up in degrec; deceit, cruelly, rapine, thought, as did the poor, lying, Amalekite, to ingrutiaie murder, and wrong of almost every kind, then flourish: themselves with David, by this abominable act. ed. We are refined in our vices; they were gross, and Verse 9. Who hath redeemed my soul out of all adverbarbarous in theirs; they had neither so many ways, nor sity) This was, in David's case, a very proper view of . so many means, of sinning; but the sum of their moral the goodness and watchful providence of God toward him. turpitude was greater than ours. We have a sort of de- His life was frequently in danger: murderers had often cency and good breeding, which lay a certain restraint on laid wait for it; but God, the living God, had always reour passions ; they were boorish and beastly, and their bad deemed that life from all adversity; and called on him passions ever in full play. Civilization prevents barbarity now to punish such evil-minded and blood-thirsty men. and atrocity; mental cultivation induces decency of man Verse 10. A reward for his tidings] '12 edel we dovrai ners : those primitive times were generally without these. cvayyedia, Septuagint. Here is a proof that svayyedcov, Who that knows them would wish such ages to return? erangelium, or Gospel, signifies the reward which the NOTES ON CHAPTER IV.

bringer of good tidings is entitled to receive.. See my pre

face to St. Matthew's Gospel. Verse 1. All the Israelites were troubled.) Abner was Verse 11. How much more). Here are several things their great support; and on him they depended; for, it ap- which aggravated the guilt of those wicked men. 1. Ishpears that Ish-bosheth was a feeble prince, and had few of hosheth was an innocent man, and therefore none could those qualities requisite for a sovereign.

have any ground of quarrel against him. 2. He was in Verse 2. Captains of bands] Principes latronum, his own house, which was his sanctuary, and none but the caplains of banditti, says the Vulgate: the Syriac is the worst of men would disturb him there. 3. He was upon

Whether Ish-bosheth kept bands of marauders, his bed, resting in the heat of the day, and so free from whose business it was to make sudden incursions into the suspicion that he was not even attended by his guards; nor country places, and carry off grain, provisions, cattle, &c. had he his doors secured. To take away the life of such we know not; but such persons would be well qualified a man, in such circumstances, whom also they professed to for the bloody work in which those two men were after- hold as their sovereign, was the most abandoned treachery. ward employed.

Verse 12. And they slew them) None ever more richly Verse 3. The Beerothites fled to Gittaim] Probably deserved death : and, by this act of justice, David showed the same as Gath; as Ramaihaim is the same as Rama. to all Israel that he was a decided enemy to the destruction

Verse 4. He fell, and became lame.) Dislocated his of Saul's family; and that none could lift up their hands ancle, knee, or thigh ; which was never after reduced : and against any of them without meeting with condign punishthus he became lame. Lovely Jonathan ! unfortunate in ment. In all these cases I know not that it was possible thy life, and in thy progeny,

for David to show more sincerity, or a stricter regard for Verse 5. Lay on a bed at noon] It is a custom in all justice. hot countries, to travel or work very early, and very late ;

NOTES ON CHAPTER V. and rest at noon-day, in which the heal chiefly prevails. Verse 1. Then came all the tribes of Israel] Ish-bo

Verse 6. As though they would have fetched w'eat) The sheth the king, and Abner the general, being dead, they king's stores were probably near his own dwelling; and I had no hope of maintaining a separate kingdom, and


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2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over 9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it us, thou wast he that leddest out and brought the city of David. And David built round est in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, d Thou about from Milo and inward. shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a 10 And David - went on, and grew great, and captain over Israel.

the Lord God of hosts was with him. 3 . So all the elders of Israel came to the 11 | And Hiram king of Tyre i king to Hebron; fand King David made a sent messengers to David, and cedar an Exo let league with them in Hebron & before the trees, and carpenters, and u masons: LORD: and they anointe David king over and they built David a house.

1. Olyra? 37. Israel.

12 And David perceived that the Lord had 4 | David was thirty years old when he be- established him king over Israel, and that he gan to reign, hand he reigned forty years. had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's

5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah i seven sake. years and six months; and in Jerusalem he 13 | And David took him more concubines reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come and Judah.

from Hebron: and there were yet sons and 6 1 And the king and his men went k to Jeru- daughters born to David. salem unto Ithe Jebusites, the inhabitants of the 14 And w these be the names of those that land; which spake unto David, saying, Except were born unto him in Jerusalem : - Shammuah, thou take away the blind and the lame, thou and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon. shalt not come in hither : m thinking, David can 15 Ibhar also, and » Élishua, and Nepheg, not come in hither.

and Japhia, 7 Nevertheless, David took the strong-hold of 16 And Elishama, and · Eliada, and Eliphalet. Zion: n the same is the city of David.

17 Ta But when the Philistines heard AS 8 And David said on that day, Whosoever that they had anointed David king An Evad. L. getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the over Israel, all the Philistines came up Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that to seek David; and David heard of it, 1. Diyena l. are hated of David's soul, "he shall be chief band went down to the hold. and captain. p Wherefore they said, The 18 The Philistines also came and spread blind and the lame shall not come into the themselves in the valley of Rephaim. house.

19 And David « inquired of the LORD, saying,

Anno ante

c 1 Sam. 18. 13.-1 Sam. 16. 1, 12. Pan. 78. 71. See Ch. 7.7.-1 Chron. 11. 3. (2 Kings 11. 17.-- Judg. U il, 1 Sam. 23. 18--h 1 Chron. 26. 31. & 29. 27.-i Ch. 2 11. I Chron. 3. I-k Judg. 1. 21.-- Josh. 15. 63 Judg. 1. 8. & 19. 11, 12-m Or, saying David shall not, &c.-n Ver. 9. 1 Kings 2. 10. 8. 1. - 1 Chron. 11. 6, 9. p Or, because they had said, even the blind and the lame, He shall not come into

the house. --- Ver. 7. - Heb. went going and growing.-Kingo 5 2 1 Chron 16 1.-u feb. herders of the stone of the wall. --- Deul 17. 17. i Chroo. 3. 9. $143 w I Chron. 3. 5. & 11.4.-x Or, Shimea, I Chron. 3. 5.- Or, ELLA131, 1 Carca 3. 6.-2 Or, Becliado, 1 Chron. 14. 7.- I Chron. 11. 16. 11. &-b Chap 815 c Josh 15. 8. Isaí. 17. 5.- Chap. 2. 1. 1 Sam. 2.2, 4. & 30. 8.



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of this city:

therefore thought it better to submit to David's authority. thinking, David cannot come in hither. Ver. & And they founded their resolution on three good argu- K. by saying, "Darid shall not come in hither." Ver. 8. ments :-- 1. David was their own countryman; we are thy

And David said-Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, bone, and thy flesh. 2. Even in Saul's time David had K. And David said-Whosoever smileth 'the Jebusites been their general; and had always led them to victory: and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind,

Thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel. K. and, through the subterraneous passage, reacheth the 3. God had appointed him to the kingdom, to govern and that are hated of David's soul, wherefore they said, protect the people-The Lord said to thee, Thou shalt K. lame and the blind, who hate the life of Darid, loefeed my people, and be a captain over Israel.

The blind and the lame shall not come into the Verse 3. They anointed David king] This was the K. cause the blind and the lame said, " He shall not third time that David was anointed, having now taken house. possession of the whole kingdom.

K, come into the house,) shall be chief and captain. Verse 6. The king and his men went to Jerusalem] This city was now in the hands of the Jebusites : but how K. So Joab, the son of Zeruiah, went up first, and they got possession of it is not known; probably they took it during the wars between Ish-bosheth and David. After K. was chief. Joshua's death, what is called the lower city was taken by Verse 11. Hiram king of Tyre] He was a very the Israelites : and it is evident that the whole city was in friendly man; and no doubt

, a believer in the true God. their possession in the time of Saul; for David brought He was not only the friend of David, but also of his son the head of Goliath thither, 1 Sam. xvii. 54. It appears Solomon; to whom, in building the temple, he afforded to have been a very strong fortress; and, from what fol- the most important assistance. lows, deemed impregnable by the Jebusites. It was right Verse 13. David took him more concubines] He had, that the Israelites should repossess it: and David very pro- in all conscience, enough before: he had, in the whole, perly began his reign over the whole country by the siege eight wives, and ten concubines. That dispensation per:

mitted polygamy; but from the beginning it was not so: Except thou take away the blind and the lame) Scarcely and as, upon an average, there are about fourtcen males a passage in the Sacred Oracles has puzzled commenta born 10 ihirteen females, polygamy is unnatural, and tors more than this. For my own pari I do not think that could never have entered into the original design of it is worth the labour spent upon it; nor shall I encumber God. these pages with the discordant opinions of learned men. Verse 14. These be the names) Eleren children are From the general face of the text, it appears that the Je- here enumerated in the Hebrew text; but the Septuagint busites, vainly confiding in the strength of their fortress, has no less than twenty-four. I shall insert their names; placed lame and blind men upon the walls, and thus en and the reader, if he please, may collate them with the deavoured to turn into ridicule David's attempt to take the text-Sammus, Sobab, Nathan, Solomon, Ebear, Elisus place. Thou shall not come in hither, except thou take Naphek, Jephies, Elisama, Elidać, Eliphela!', Samal, away the blind and the lame; nothing could be more Jessibath, Nathan, Galimaan, Jebaar, Thcesus, Elipso cutting to a warrior.

alat, Naged, Naphek, Jonathan Leasamus, BaaleDr. Kennicott has taken great pains to correct this pas math, and Eliphaath. There is, no doubt, some corrip. sage; as may be seen in his First Dissertation on the tion in these 'names: there are two of the name of Hebrero Tert, pag. 27 to 47. I shall insert our present Nathan, two of Eliphelath, and two of Naphek; and version with his amended text, line for line; his transla- probably Sammus and Samaé are the same. tion being distinguished by italics : and, for farther infor Verse 17. The Philistines came up to seek Darid] mation, refer to Dr. K.'s work.

Ever since the defeat of the Israelites, and the fall of Saul Verse 6. And the king and his men went to Jerusalem, and his sons, the Philistines seem to have been in undisK.--And the king and his men went to Jerusalem, turbed possession of the principal places in the land of

unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land; who Israel ; now, finding that David was chosen king by the K. unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land; who whole nation, they thought best to attack him before his

spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the army got too numerous, and the affairs of the kingdom K. spake unto David, saying: Thou shalt not come in properly settled.

blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither ; Verse 19. David inquired of the Lord] He considered K. hilher; for the blind and thelame shall drive thee away | himself only the captain of the Lord's host; and, there

David, hearing of


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Shall I go up to the Philistines ? wilt thou de

CHAPTER VI. liver them into mine hand? And the LORD said David goes, with tirty thousand men, to bring the ark from Kirjath-Jearim to

Jerusalem, 1-5. The oxen stumbling, Uzzah, who drove the cart on which the unto David, Go up; for I will doubtless deliver ark was placerl, put forth his hand to save it from filling; the Lord was disthe Philistines into thine hand.

pleased, and emote bim si that he died, 6, 7. David, being alarme), carries the

ark to the house of Obed-edorn, 8-10 Here it remained three months, and Gorl 20 And David came to · Baal-perazim, and prosperci Obed-edom, in whose house it was depox ted, 11.

ihs, bring the ark, with sacrifices and solemn frjoicings, to Jerusalem, 12-15. David smote them there, and said, the LORD Mich), setting Davil dance before the ark, despises hiin, 16. He offers burnthath broken forth upon mine enemies before

offerings and peace-offerings, and deals anong all the people, men and women, a

cake of bread, a good piece of Hesh, and a flugon of wine each, 17-19. Michal, me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he coming to meet hun, at seing him dance extravagantly before the ark, repreaches

him for his conduct: he vindicates himsell, reproves her, and she dies childless, called the name of that place' Baal-perazim.

21 And there they left their images, and Da GAIN David gathered together all An Exod. Ier. vid and his men & burned h them.

the chosen men of Israel, thirty 22 T i And the Philistines came up yet again, thousand.

1. Olymp. 266. and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 2 And r David arose, and went with all the

23 And when David inquired of the LORD, people that were with him from 9 Baale of Judah, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a com to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose pass behind them, and come upon them over name is called by the name of the Lord of hosts, against the mulberry trees.

s that dwelleth between the cherubim. 24 And let it be, when thou 'hearest the sound 3 And they 'set the ark of God " upon a new of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinathen thou shalt bestir thyself: for then n shall dab that was in Gibeah; and Uzzah and Ahio, the Lord go out before thee, to smite the host the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. of the Philistines.

4 And they brought it out of w the house of 25 And David did so, as the LORD had com- | Abinadab which was at Gibeah, * accompanying manded him; and smote the Philistines from the ark of God; and Ahio went before the ark. Geba until thou come to Gazer.

5 And David, and all the house of Israel,

e lm. B. 21.- That is the plain of breaches.- Deut. 7. 5, 25. 1 Chron. 14. 12-h Or, took them away.-i í Chron. 14. 13.- Verse 19.-1 So ? Kings 7. 6.-ni Judg: 4.11- I Chron. 11. 16. Gibeon.- Josh. 16. 10.-p1 Chron. 13. 5,6.- Or,

Baalah, that is, kirjath-jearinn, Josh. 15. 9, 60.- Or, at schich the name, even the name of the LORD of hosts was called upon.-s1 Sam. 4.4. Pe 80. 1.- Hebrnade to ride. - See Nuinb. 7.9. 1 Sam. 6.7.- Or, Die hill.-W 1 Sam. 7.1.-x Heb. with.

fore, would not strike a stroke without the command of nical, if he please. The British alone gives no power of his superior.

this kind to the prince; by the constitution he is a patriotic Verse 20. The Lord hath broken forth] He very king; and, by the influence of those maxims of state properly attributes the victory to Jehovah ; without whose which are continually presented to his view, and accordstrength and counsel he could have done nothing.

ing to which all acts of government are formed, he becomes Baal-perazim] The plain, or chief of breaches, be- habitually the father of his people; and in this light alone cause of the breach which God made in the Philistine do the British people behold the British king. army; and thus he commemorated the interference of the David, by his own authority, without any form of law, Lord.

could slay the Amalekite who said he had killed Saul; Verse 21. They left their images] It was the custom and could cut off the heads of Rechab and Baanah, who of most nations to carry their gods with them to battle; in murdered Ish-bosheth: but, in the government of Britain, imitation of this custom the Israelites once took the ark, the culprit is to be heard in his vindication, witnesses are and lost it in the field. See 1 Sam. iv.

to be examined, the facts viewed by an upright judge in Verse 23. Fetch a compass behind them] When they the light of the law; and then the alleged criminality is may be had, God will not work without using human left to the decision of twelve honest men, the equals of the means. By this he taught David caution, prudence, and accused, who are bound, by a solemn oath, to decide acde pendence on the divine strength.

cording to the evidence brought before them. The IsraelVerse 24. When thou hearest the sound of a going) If itish constitution was radically good; but the British conthere had not been an evident supernatural interference, stitution is much better. In the former, while the king David might have thought that the sleight, or ruse de ruled according to the spirit of the constitution, he could guerre, which he had used, was the calise of his victory - do no wrong, because he was only the vicegerent of the By the going in the tops of the mulberry trees, probably Almighty; in the latter, the king can do no wrong, because only a rustling among the leaves is intended. The Tar- he is bound, both by the spirit and letter of the law, to do gum says, a noise; the Arabic has it, the noise of horses' nothing but what is according to the rules of eternal jushoofs.

tice and equity, laid down in that law: nothing is left to Verse 25. And David did so] He punctually obeyed mere regal power or authority; and nothing trusted to the directions of the Lord, and then every thing succeeded human fickleness or caprice. In all his acts he is directed to his wish.

by his nobles and commons; who, being the representatives How is it that such supernatural directions and assist of all classes of the people, are always supposed to speak ances are not communicated now? Because they are not their mind. Well may it be said, Blessed are the people asked for; and they are not asked for, because they are who are in such a case ! not expected ; and they are not expected, because men have not faith; and they have not faith, because they are

NOTES ON CHAPTER VI. under a refined spirit of Atheism; and have no spiritual Verse 1. Thirty thousand. This is supposed to have intercourse with their Maker. Who believes that God sees been a new levy; and thus he augmented his army by all things, and is every where? Who supposes that he 30,000 fresh troops. The Septuagint has 70,000. concerns himself with the affairs of his creatures? Who Verse 2. From Baale of Judah) This is supposed to acknowledges him in all his ways? Who puts not his own be the same city which, in Josh. xv. 60. is called Kirjathwisdom, prudence, and strength, in the place of God Al- baal, or Kirjath-jearim: see 1 Chron. xiii. 6.; or Baalah, mighty ? Reader, hast thou faith in God? Then exercise Josh. xv. 9. it, cultivate it, and thou mayest remove mountains.

Whose name is called by the name of the LORD] That 'It is worthy of remark, that David was, by the appoint is, the ark is called the ark of the Lord of hosts. But this ment of God, to feed the people: as he had formerly the is not a literal version: the word Du shem, NAME, Occurs care of a flock of sheep, which he was to watch over, de- twice together; probably one of them should be read Ov fend, lead in and out, and for which he was to find pasture; sham, THERE. There the name of the Lord of hosts was now he is to watch over, defend, lead in and out, feed, and invoked, &c. protect the Israelites. He is to be the shepherd of the Verse 3. A new cart] Every thing used in the worship people; not the tyrant or oppressor.

of God was hallowed, or set apart for that purpose: a new In ancient times, among the Greeks, kings were deno cart was used through respect, as that had never been apminated folucres laov, shepherds of the people; and all plied to any profane or common purpose. But this was good kings were really such: but, in process of time, this not sufficient, for the ark should have been carried on the pleasing title was changed for Baoi Acus and rpparvos, sover- shoulders of the priests; and the neglect of this ceremony eign and tyrant ; in neither of which names does any thing was the cause of the death of Uzzah. of the original title exist. And, such are the different po Verse 5. On all manner of instruments made of fir. litical constitutions of the kingdoms of the earth, that it is wood] This place should be corrected from the parallel impossible that in any of them, the British excepted, the place, 1 Chron. xiii. 8.—"All Israel played before God, king can be the shepherd and father of his people. All the with all their migh, and with singing, and with harps, other regal constitutions under the sun, permit the sovereign and with psalteries, &c. Instead of "sy 52 becol etsey, to be despolic; and, consequently, oppressive and tyran-1 "with all woods," or "trees;" the parallel place is ry 533

played before the LORD on all manner of instru- | brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, ments made of fir-wood, even on harps, and on and with the sound of the trumpet. psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and 16 And 9 as the ark of the Lord came into on cymbals.

the city of David, Michal, Saul's daughter, 6] And when they came to y Nachon's thrash-| looked through a window, and saw King David ing-floor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark leaping and dancing before the Lord; and she of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen · shook despised him in her heart. it.

17 · And they brought in the ark of the LORD, 7 And the anger of the Lord was kindled and set it in his place, in the midst of the taagainst Uzzah; and God smote him there for bernacle that David had pitched for it: and his error; and there he died by the ark of David offered burnt-offerings and peace-offerGod.

ings before the LORD. 8 And David was displeased, because the 18 And as soon as David had made an end of Lord had made a breach upon Uzzah; and he offering burnt-offerings and peace-offerings, 'he called the name of the place e Perez-uzzah to blessed the people in the name of the Lord of this day.

hosts. 9 And David was afraid of the LORD that 19 w And he dealt among all the people, eren day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to come to me ?

the women as men, to every one a cake of 10 So David would not remove the ark of the bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of Lord unto him into the city of David; but David | wine. So all the people departed every one to carried it aside into the house of Obed-edom his house. & the Gittite.

20 | > Then David returned to bless his 11 - And the ark of the Lord continued in the household. And Michal, the daughter of Saul, house of Obed-edom the Gittite three months: came out to meet David, and said, How gloriand the LORD i blessed Obed-edom, and all his ous was the king of Israel to-day, who y uncov. household.

ered himself to-day in the eyes of the hand12 | And it was told King David, saying, The maids of his servants, as one of the vain felLord hath blessed the house of Obed-edom, and lows a shamelessly uncovereth himself! all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark 21 And David said unto Michal, It was before of God." So David went and brought up the the LORD, b which chose me before thy father, ark of God from the house of Obed-edom into and before all his house, to appoint me ruler the city of David with gladness. 13 And it was so, that when they that bare fore will I play before the LORD.

Pover the people of the LORD, over Israel: therethe ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sac 22 And I will yet be more vile than thus, and rificed m oxen and fatlings.

will be base in mine own sight: and cof the 14 And David danced before the Lord with maid-servants which thou hast spoken of, of all his might; and David was girded o with a them shall I be had in honour. linen ephod.

23 Therefore Michal, the daughter of Saul, 15 P So David and all the house of Israel had no child d unto the day of her death.

y I Chron. 13. 9. he is called Chidon.- See Numb. 1. 15.-a Or, stumbled. b Sam 6. 19 - Or, rashness. Hebr. broken. That is, The breach of Oz. zar.- Psa. 119. 120. See Luke 5.8, 9.--I Chron. 13. 13.-1 Chron. 13. 14. i Gen. 30. 27. & 39. 5... I Chron. 15. 25. Numb. 4. 15. Josh. 3. 3 I Chron 15. 2, 15. --In See I Kinge 8. 5. 1 Chron. 15. 26. --- See Exod. 15. 20. Pe 30. 11.

o 1 Sam 2 18 I Chron. 15. 2.--p I Chron. 15. 28.-I Chron. 15. 19. -- Iran
16. 1.--I Chron. 15. 1. Psa 132 8. --- Heb. etreckerl.-u! Kings & 5,22
v I Kings 8. 55. I Chron. 16. 2 --w1 Chron. 16. 3. Psa. 30, ritle - Ver. 14. 16.
! Sam 19. 24. - Judg 9. 4.- Or, openly - 1 Sam. 13. 14. 15. 20x ofte
handmaide of my krvants. - See I Sam. 15. 35. lei. 2 1 MAL (28

bocol az,


we do.

archal age.

with all their strength;" this makes a good pears, by both David and Solomon, that it was the prerosense, the first makes none. The Septuagint, in this gative of the kings also. place, has the same reading: evitxvï, with might.

Verse 19. A cake of bread] Such as those which are Verse 6. Uzzah put forth his hand] In Numb. iv. 15– baked without leaven, and are made very thin. 20. the Levites are forbidden to touch the ark, on pain of A good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine.] The death; this penalty was inflicted upon Uzzah, for the first words of flesh, and of wine, we add; they are not in the time.

Hebrew. The Chaldee translates one part, and one porVerse 7. Smote him there for his error] Uzzah sinned tion ; but all the other versions understand the Hebrew as through ignorance and precipitancy: he had not time to reflect; the oxen suddenly stumbled; and, fearing lest the Verse 20. To bless his household.] This was according ark should fall, he suddenly stretched out his hand to pre to the custom of the patriarchs, who were priests in their vent it. Had he touched the ark with impunity, the popu- own families. It is worthy of remark, that David is called lace might have lost their respect for it, and its sacred ser-patriarch by Stephen, Acts ii. 29.; though living upwards vice; the example of Uzzah must have filled them with of four hundred years after the termination of the patrifear and sacred reverence: and, as to Uzzah, no man can doubt of his eternal safety. He committed a sin unto death ; How glorious was the king of Israel] This is a strong but, doubtless, the mercy of God was extended to his soul. irony. From what Michal says, it is probable that David

Verse 10. But David carried it aside] The house of used some violent gesticulations, by means of which some Obed-edom appears to have been very near the city : they parts of his body became uncovered. But it is very prowere about to enter it, but were prevented by this accident, bable that we cannot guess all that was implied in this and lodged the ark with the nearest friend.

reproach. Verse 11. The Lord blessed Obed-edom] And why? Verse 21. It was before the LORD, which chose me] Because he had the ark of the Lord in his house. Who- David felt the reproach, and was strongly irritated; and ever entertains God's messengers, or consecrates his house seems to have spoken to Michal with sufficient asperity. to the service of God, will infallibly receive God's blessing. Verse 22. I will yet be more rile) The plain meaning

Verse 12. So David-brought up the ark] The Vul of these words appears to be this: I am not ashamed of gate adds to this verse: And Darid had seven choirs, and humbling myself before that God who rejected thy father

calf, for a sacrifice. The Septuagint make a greater because of his obstinacy and pride, and chose me in his addition: “And he had seven choirs carrying the ark, a stead to rule his people: and even those maid-servants, sacrifice, a calf, and lambs. And David played on harmo- when they come to know the motive of my conduct, shall nious organs before the Lord; and David was clothed with acknowledge its propriety, and treat me with additional a costly tunic; and David, and all the house of Israel, respect; and as for thee, thou shalt find that thy conduct brought the ark of the Lord with rejoicing, and the sound is as little pleasing to God as it is to me.' Then it is said, of a trumpet." Nothing, this is found in any MS.; nor Michal had no child till the day of her death: probably in the Chaldee, the Syriac, nor the Arabic ; nor in the David never more took her to his bed; or God, in his proparallel place, 1 Chron. xv. 25.

vidence, might have subjected her to barrenness, which Verse 16. She despised him in her heart.] She did not in Palestine was considered both a misfortune and a reblame him outwardly; she thought he had disgraced him- proach. Michal formed her judgment without reason; self, but she kept her mind to herself.

and meddled with that which she did not understand. Verse 18. le blessed the people in the name of the We should be careful how we attribute actions, the reasons LORD) David acted here as priest

, for it was the general of which we cannot comprehend, to motives which may prerogative of the priests to bless the people: but it ap- appear to us unjustifiable or absurd. Rash judgments are


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