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captains of the hundreds, the officers of the host, 2 And Jehoash did that which was and said unto them, Have her forth without the right in the sight of the Lord all his B.C. se ranges: and him that followeth her kill with the days wherein Jehoiada the priest in- 1. Ongemang sem sword. For the priest had said, Let her not be structed him. slain in the house of the LORD.

3 But 'the high places were not taken away: 16 And they laid hands on her; and she went the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in by the way by the which the horses came into the high places. the king's house: and there was she slain. 4,1 And Jehoash said to the priests, AMB

17 1 1 And Jehoiada made a covenant between . All the money of the dedicated Anke ! OL. the LORD and the king and the people, that they u things that is brought into the house Arch Athes should be the Lord's people; between the of the LORD, even the money of every per pei a king also and the people.

one that passeth the account, * the money that 18 And all the people of the land went into every man is set at, and all the money that the house of Baal, and brake it down; his *comethinto any man's heart to bring into the altars and his images m brake they in pieces house of the LORD, thoroughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal 5 Let the priests take it to them, every man before the altars. And the priest appointed of his acquaintance: and let them repair the • officers over the house of the LORD.

breaches of the house, wheresoever any breach 19 And he took the rulers over hundreds, and shall be found. the captains, and the guard, and all the people 6 But it was so, that in the three and twenof the land ; and they brought down the king tieth year of King Jehoash • the priests had not from the house of the LORD, and came by the repaired the breaches of the house. way of the gate of the guard to the king's house. 9 • Then King Jehoash called for Jehoiada And he sat on the throne of the kings.

the priest, and the other priests, and said unto 20 And all the people of the land rejoiced, and them, Why repair ye not the breaches of the the city was in quiet: and they slew Athaliah house ? Now therefore receive no more money with the sword beside the king's house.

of your acquaintance, but deliver it for the 21 p Seven years old was Jehoash when he breaches of the house. began to reign.

8 And the priests consented to receive no CHAPTER XII.

more money of the people, neither to repair the

breaches of the house. Jehonsh reigns well under the instructions of Jehoiada the priest, 1-3 Medirects the repairing of the temple; the account of what was done, -16.

9 But Jehoiada the priest took a chest, and Gathi and proceeding to haninge beralem, i, presented by Jehoash, who lives bored a hole in the lid of it, and set it beside the mervants of Jehoash conspire against him and slay him, 19-21.

altar, on the right side as one cometh into the In the seventh year of Jebu Jehohouse of the Lord and the priests that kept the 1. Olymp. 102 reigned he in Jerusalem. And his into the house of the LORD.

mother's name was Zibiah of Beer 10 And it was so, when they saw that there sheba.

was much money in the chest, that the king's i 2 Chron. 23. 16.-k 2 Sam. 5.3.-1 Ch. 10. 2.-m Deut. 12 3. 2 Chron. 12 17. n 2 Chron. 23. 18, &c.- Heb. offices,-p 2 Chron. 21. 1.- 2 Chron. 24. 1.-1 eth upon the heart of a man-y Exod. 35. 5. 1 Chron 29.9.- Het is the Kingu 15 14. & 22. 43. Ch. 14. 4.-Ch. 2. 4.- Or, holy things.-u Heb. holiness. twentieth year and third year.- 2 Chron. 91. 6.- 2 Chron. 24. 6-2 Chroe.

Haznel takes

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w Heh. the money of the souls of his estimation, Lev. 27. 2- Hets second.

Exod. 30. 13.

21. 8, &c.-d Heb. threshold

Verse 15. Hade her fourth] She had pressed in among the

NOTES ON CHAPTER XII. guards into the temple.

Verse 2. Jehoash did-right in the sight of the LORD) And him that followeth] The person who takes her While Jehoiada the priest, who was a pious, holy man, part, let him instantly be slain.

lived, Jehoash walked uprightly: but it appears from 2 Verse 16. By the way-which the horses came) They Chron. xxiv. 17, 18. that he departed from the worship of probably brought her out near the king's stables. It has the true God, after the death of this eminent high prest; been supposed, from Ezek. xlvi. 1, 2. that the east gate of lapsed into idolatry; and seems to have had a share in the the inner court was that by which the king entered on the murder of Zechariah, who testified against his transgres. sabbath day; whereas on all other days he entered by sions, and those of the princes of Judah. See above, i5. the south gate. And there was another gate, called the 20—22. O how few of the few who begin to live to God, horse gate, in the wall of the city, Jer. xxxi. 39; this was continue unto the end! for the king's horses to go out at from the stables at Verse 3. The high places were not taken away) WithMillo, and is therefore called, 2 Chron. xxxiii. 15. The out the total destruction of these there could be no rahorse gate towards the king's house.

dical reform. The toleration of any species of idolatry Verse 17. Jehoiada made a covenant) A general cove in the land, whatever else was done in behalf of true relinant was first made between the Lord, the Supreme King, gion, left, and in effect fostered, a seed, which, springing the king his viceroy, and the people, that they should all up, regenerated in lime the whole infernal system. Jebe the Lord's people ; each being equally bound to live hoida did not use his influence as he might have done ; fz, according to the divine law.

as he had the king's heart and hand with him, be might Then, secondly, a particular covenant was made be- have done what he pleased. tween the king and the people ; by which the king was Verse 4. All the money of the dedicated things] Froma bound to rule according to the laws and constitution of all this account we find that the temple was in a very ruthe kingdom, and to watch and live for the safety of the inous state: the walls were falling down, some had perpublic. And the people were bound, on their part, to love, haps actually fallen; and there was no person so zealous honour, succour, and obey the king. Where these mutual for the pure worship of God, as to exert himself to sluose and just agreements are made and maintained, there can up the falling temple! be nothing

else than prosperity in the church and the state. The king himself seems to have been the first sbo Verse 18. His altars and images brake they in pieces] noticed these dilapidations, and took measures for the new It is probable that Athaliah had set up the worship of Baal cessary repairs. The repairs were made from the follos. in Judah, as Jezebel had done in Israel; or, probably, it ing sources :-1. The things which pious persons had dedhad never been removed since the days of Solomon. It icated to the service of God. 2. The frecuill-offerines of was no wonder that Jehoiada began his reform with this strangers, who had visited Jerusalem; the money of every act, when we learn, from 2 Chron. xxiv. 7. that the sons of one that passeth. 3. The half-shekel, which the males Athaliah, that wicked woman, had broken up the house were obliged to pay from the age of twenty years Exod. of God; and also all the dedicated things of the house xxx. 12. for the redemption of their souls: which is here of the Lord did they bestond upon Baalim.

called the money that every man is set al. All these Verse 20. The people rejoiced] They were glad to get sources had ever been in some measure open ; but, instead rid of the tyranny of Athaliah.

of repairing the dilapidations in the Lord's house, the And the city was in quiet] She had no partisans to priests and Levites had converted the income to their own rise up and disturb the king's reign.

Verse 21. Seven years old was Jehoash] The first in Verse 6. In the three and twentieth year) In what year stance on record of making a child seven years old the Jehoash gave the orders for these repairs we cannot tell; king of any nation ; and especially of such a nation as the but the account here plainly intimates that they had been Jews, who were at all times very difficult to be governed. I long given, and that nothing was done, merely through the

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# Or, Beth-millo.- 2 Chron. 24. 4. Znbad.- Or, Shimrith.-p? Churon 24

scribe and the high priest came up, and they that he did, are they not written in the book of

put up in bags, and told the money that was the Chronicles of the kings of Judah? found in the house of the LORD.

20 And r his servants arose, and made a con11 And they gave the money, being told, into spiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, the hands of them that did the work, that had which goeth down to Silla. the oversight of the house of the LORD: and they 21 For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and 6 laid it out to the carpenters and builders, that Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, wrought upon the house of the LORD,

smote him, and he died; and they buried him 12 And to masons, and hewers of stone, and with his fathers in the city of David: and Amato buy timber and hewed stone to repair the ziah his son reigned in his stead. breaches of the house of the LORD, and for all that was laid out for the house to repair it.

CHAPTER XIII. 13 Howbeit there were not made for the Jehoahaz reigna in Israel seventeen yenns; his various nets, and wars with the Syri

ans, IX He dies, and Joash reigns in his stead, and does evil in the sight or the house of the LORD bowls of silver, snuffers, Lord, 9.-13. Elisha's last sickness; forcells a threefold defeat of the Syrians, and basins, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or vessels dies, 14-21. A deal man raised to life by touching the boues of Elisha, 21. 'Ha.

mael dies, having long oppressed Israe; tut Jeboash recovers many ciúes out of of silver, of the money that was brought into the hands of Ben-badad, his successor, and beats him three times, 22-25. the house of the LORD:

IN a the three and twentieth year of

A M. 3148. repaired therewith the house of the LORD. Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu An. Pberecli,

15 Moreover they reckoned not with the began to reign over Israel in Samamen, into whose hand they delivered the money ria, and reigned seventeen years, to be bestowed on workmen: for they dealt faith 2 And he did that which was evil in A. M. 3148 fully.

the sight of the LORD, and followed B. C. 856–839. 16 The trespass-money and sin-money was the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, 1.Olymp.so not brought into the house of the LORD: m it was which made Israel to sin; he departed the priests'.

not therefrom. 17 | Then • Hazael king of Syria 3 [ And the anger of the LORD was kindled Ante 1. 01. m. went up and fought against Gath, and against Israel, and he delivered them into the Adr Aripturomis, took it: and · Hazael set his face to go hand of Hazael king of Syria, and into the Perpet. 5. up to Jerusalem.

hand of Ben-hadad the son of Hazael, all their 18 And Jehoash king of Judah P took all the days. hallowed things that Jehoshaphat, and Jehoram, 4 And Jehoahaz e besought the LORD, and the and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had Lord hearkened unto him: for he saw the dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all oppression of Israel, because the king of Syria the gold that was found in the treasures of the oppressed them. house of the LORD, and in the king's house, and 5 ( And the LORD gave Israel a saviour, so sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went that they went out from under the hand of the away from Jerusalem.

Syrians: and the children of Israel dwelt in their 19|| And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all tents, as beforetime. . Or, secretary - Heb. bound up.--Heb. brought it forth. Heb. ident forth. i See 2 Chron. 24. 14.- Ch.22 7.-1 Lev. 5. 15, 18.- Lev. 7. 7. Numb. 18. 9. 21.-a Heb. the twentieth year and third year-b Heb. walked after.- Judg: D Cb 8. 12.- See 2 Chron. 21. 23.-p 1 Kings 15. 18. Ch. 8. 15, 16.-- Heb. went up. 14.- Ch. & 12 - Psa. 18.31.- Exod. 3. 7. Ch. 11. %. --Sec Ver. 25. & Ch. 14.

25, 27.-h Heb. ax yeaterday and third day. inactivity and negligence of the priests : see 2 Chron. sures, was obliged to hazard a battle, which he lost, and the xxiv. 5.

principal part of his nobility, so that Judah was totally It seems that the people had brought money in abun- ruined, and Jehoash shortly after slain in his bed by his dance ; and the pious Jehoiada was over the priests, and yet own servants; 2 Chron. xxiv. 23. nothing was done! Though Jehoiada was a good man, Verse 19. The rest of the acts of Joash) We have he does not appear to have had much of the spirit of an already seen that this man, so promising in the beginning active zeal ; and simple picty, without zeal and activity, is of his reign, apostatized, became an idolater, encouraged of little use when a reformation in religion and manners is idolatry among his subjects, and put the high priest Zechanecessary to be brought about. Philip Melancthon was riah, the son of Jehoiada, his benefactor, to death: and now orthodox, pious, and learned; but he was a man of com God visited that blood upon him by the hand of the tyranparat ive inactivity. In many respects Martin Luther nous king of Syria, and by his own servants. was by far his inferior; but in zeal and activity he was a Verse 20. The house of Millo] Was a royal palace, flaming and consuming fire: and by him, under God, was built by Solomon; see 2 Sam. v. 9. And Silla is supposed the righty Reformation from the corruptions of Popery to be the name of the road, or causcway, that led to it. effected. Ten thousand Jehoiadas and Melancthons might Millo was situated between the old city of Jerusalem and have wished it in vain: Luther worked; and God worked the city of David. by him, in him, and for him.

Verse 21. For Jozachar] This person is called Zabad, Verse 9. Jehoiadatook a chest] This chest was at in 2 Chron. xxiv. 26; and Shimeath his mother is said to first set beside the altar, as is here mentioned; but after- be an Ammonitess, as Jehozabad is said to be the son, not ward, for the convenience of the people, it was set without of Shomer, but of Shimrith a Moabitess. the gate : see 2 Chron. xxiv. 8.

They buried him with his fathers in the city of David) Verse 10. The king's scribe and the high priest] It But they did not bury him in the sepulchres of the kings: was necessary to associate with the high priest some civil this is supposed to express the popular disapprobation of authority and activity, in order to get the neglected work his conduct. Thus ended a reign full of promise and hope performed.

in the beginning, but profligate, cruel, and ruinous in the Verse 13. Howbeit there roere not made-borols, &c.] end. Never was the hand of God's justice more signally That is, there were no vessels made for the service of the stretched out against an apostate king, and faithless people, temple till all the outward repairs were completed; but, than at this time. Now Hazael had a plenary commisafter this was done, they brought the rest of the money sion: the king, the nobles, and the people, were food for before the king and Jchoiada, whereof were made vcssels his sword; and, by a handful of Syrians, the mighty ar. of gold and silver ; 2 Chron. xxiv. 14.

mies of Israel were overthrown: For the army of the Verse 15. They reckoned nol with the men] They Syrians came with a small company of men, and the placed great confidence in them, and were not disappointed, Lord delivered a very great host into their hand, because for they dealt faithfully.

they had forsaken the Lord God, 2 Chron. xxiv. 24. Verse 17. Hazael-fought against Gath, and took it) Thus, as righteousness exalteth a nation, so sin is the disThis city, with its satrapy, or lordship, had been taken grace and confusion of any people. Sin destroys both counfrom the Philistines by David; see 2 Sam. viii. 1. and 1 sel and strength: and the wicked flee when none pursue. Chron, xviii. 1. And it had continued in the possession

NOTES ON CHAPTER XIII. of the kings of Judah till this time. On whai pretence Verse 1. In the three and twentieth year of Joash] The Hazael seized it we cannot tell: he had the ultima ratio chronology here is thus accounted for: Jehoahaz began his regum, power to do it; and he wanted more territory. reign at the commencement of the twenty-third year of Verse 18. Took all the hallowed things) He dearly Joash, and reigned seventeen years;

fourteen alone, and bought a peace which was of short duration, for the next three years with his son Joash: the fourteenth year was yoar Hazael returned ; and Jehoash, having no more trea- 1 but just begun.

r Ch. 14. 5. 2 Chron. 21. 25.

perpu 7.

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6 Nevertheless they departed not from the sins 14. I Now Elisha was fallen sick of Ansati of the house of Jeroboam, who made Israel sin, his sickness whereof he died. And Jo-Arch Abgabe but i walked therein : kand there remained the ash the king of Israel came down unto grove also in Samaria.)

him, and wept over his face, and said, O my 7 Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoa- father, my faiher, " the chariot of Israel, and the haz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and horsemen thereof. ten thousand footmen: for the king of Syria had 15 And Elisha said unto him, Take bow and destroyed them, and had made them like the arrowe. And he took unto him bow and arrows. dust by thrashing.

16 And he said to the king of Israel, "Put thine 8 | Now the rest of the acts of Jehoahaz, and hand upon the bow. And he put his hand upon all that he did, and his might, are they not writ-it; and Elisha put his hands upon the king's ten in the book of the Chronicles of the kings of hands. Israel ?

17 And he said, Open the window eastward. 9 And Jehoahaz slept with his fa- And he opened it. Then Elisha said, Shoot. Ante ! OL 63. thers; and they buried him in Sama- And he shot. "And he said, The arrow of the An Ariphronia, ria: and Joash his son reigned in his Lord's deliverance, and the arrow of deliverperpel. 6. stead..

ance from Syria: for thou shalt smite the Syrians 10 | In the thirty and seventh year in *Aphek, till thou have consumed them. B. C. 811-895. of Joash king of Judah began PJehoash 18 And he said, Take the arrows. And he 1.org map. 6. the son of Jehoahaz toreignover Israel took them. And he said unto the king of Israel,

in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years. Smite upon the ground. And he smote thrice, 11 And he did that which was evil in the sight and stayed. of the LORD; he departed not from all the sins 19 And the man of God was wroth with him, of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel and said, Thou shouldest have smitten five or sin: but he walked therein.

six times; then hadst thou smitten Syria till 12 · And the rest of the acts of Joash, and thou hadst consumed it: y whereas now thou • all that he did, and his might wherewith he shalt smite Syria but thrice. fought against Amaziah king of Judah, are they 20 | And Elisha died, and they buried A. M. 19. not written in the book of the Chronicles of the him. "And the bands of the Moabites Anle i o.fl. kings of Israel ?

invaded the land at the coming in of the Archiwum 13 And Joash slept with his fathers; year. Ante 1. 01. 19. and Jeroboam sat upon his throne: and 21 And it came to pass, as they were burying Arch. Punemis Joash was buried in Samaria with the a man, that, behold, they spied a band of men; perpet 20. kings of Israel.

and they cast the man into the sepulchre of

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1 Heb. he walked.-k 1 Kingo 16. 33. – Heb. stood.-m Amos 1. 3.- Ver. 10, Je

hoash - Alone. -p In consort with his father. Chap. 14. 1.- Ch. 14. 15.

. See Ver. 14, 25.-t Ch. 14. 9, &c. 2 Chron. 25. 17. &c.- Ch.212-Feb Maica

thine hand to ride-w Ecclas. 13. 13.-* 1 Kings 20. - Vers

Verse 5. And the Lord gave Israel a saviour] This ver. 51.) represents Turnus as giving the signal of attack, was undoubtedly Joash, whose successful wars against the by throwing a spear: Syrians are mentioned at the conclusion of the chapter.

Ecquis erit merum, 0 Jurenes, qui primus in hosten) Houbigant recommends to read the seventh verse after the

En, ait: et jactuam intorquena emittit in auras.

Principium pugne; et rampo sese arduus infert. fourth ; then the fifth and sixth ; and next the eighth, &c.

"Who, first," he crial," with me the foe will dare ? Verse 6. The grove also in Samaria] Asherah or

Then burild a dart, the signal of the war. Astarte, remained in Samaria ; and there was she wor- Servius, in his note upon this place, shows that it was 8 shipped, with all her abominable rites.

custom to proclaim war in this way: the pater patratus, Verse 10. In the thirty and seventh year) Joash, the son or chief of the Feciales, a sort of heralds, went to the of Jehoahaz, was associated with his father in the govern- confines of the enemy's country; and, after some solemment, two years before his death. It is this association that nities, said, with a loud voice, I wage war with you, for is spoken of here. He succeeded him two years after, a such and such reasons; and then ihrer in a spear. It little before the death of Elisha. Joash reigned sixteen was then the business of the parties thus defied, or warned, years, which include the years he governed conjointly with to take the subject into consideration; and, if they did not his faiher. Calmet.

within thirty days, come to some accommodation, the war Verse 12. Wherewith he fought against Amaziah) This was begun. war with Amaziah may be seen in ample detail, 2 Chron. Thou shalt smite the Syrians in Aphek] This was a xxv.; it ended in the total defeat of Amaziah, who was city of Syria, and probably the place of the first battle; taken prisoner by Joash, and afterward slain in a conspi- and there, it appears, they had a total overthrow. They racy at Lachish. Joash took Jerusalem, broke down four were, in the language of the text, consumed, or ertermihundred cubits of the wall, and took all the royal trea nated. sures, and the treasures of the house of God. See 2 Chron. Verse 18. Smile upon the ground] As he was ordered xxv. 20—27.

to take his arrows, the smiting on the ground must mean Verse 14. Now Elisha was fallen sick] This is sup- shooting arrows into it. posed to have taken place in the tenth year of Joash; and, He smole thrice, and stayed] The prophet knew that if so, Elisha must have prophesied about sixty-five years. this shooting was emblematical: probably the king was

O my father, my father] "What shall I do now thou not aware of what depended on the frequency of the acart dying? thou art the only defence of Israel.” He accosts tion; and perhaps it was of the Lord that he smote only him with the same words which himself spoke to Elijah, thrice, as he had determined to give Israel those three viowhen he was translated: see chap. ii. 12. and the note tories only over the Syrians. Elisha's being uroth, because there.

there were only three instead of five or six shots, does not Verse 15. Take bow and arrows] The bou, the arrows, prove that God was wroth; or that he had intended to and the smiting on the ground, were all emblematical give the Syrians five or sir overthrows. things, indicative of the deliverance of Israel from Syria. Verse 20. And Elisha dicd] The two prophets, Elijak

Verse 17. Open the window castward] This was to- and Elisha, were both most extraordinary men. Of the ward the country beyond Jordan, which Hazaei had taken former it is difficult to say whether he was a man, or an from the Israelites.

angel in a human body. The arguments for this latter The arrow of deliverance from Syria) That is, as opinion are strong; the objections against it very feeble. surely as that arrow is shot toward the lands conquered His being fed by an angel, is no proof that he was no: an from Israel by the Syrians, so surely shall those lands be angel incarnate ; for God manifest in the fiesh was fed reconquered and restored to Israel : see ver. 25.

by the same ministry. Of him, the following, from EccleIt was an ancient custom to shoot an arrow, or cast a siasticus, chap. xlviii

. 1-11. is a nervous character. spear, into the country which an army intended to invade. Ver. 1.—Then stood up Elias the prophet as fire, and Justin says that, as soon as Alexander the Great had arrived his word burned like a lamp. on the coasts of lonia, he threw a dart into the country of Ver. 2.-He brought a sore famine upon them, and by the Persians. Cum delati in continentem essent, primus his zeal he diminished their number. Alexander jaculum velut in hostilem terram jacit. Ver. 3.-By the word of the Lord he shut up the heaven, Just. lib. ii.

and also three times brought down fire. The dart, spear, or arrow, thrown, was an emblem of Ver. 4.-0 Elias, how wast thou honoured in thy wonthe commencement of hostilities. Virgil, (En. lib. ix. I drous deeds! and who may glory like unto thee!

860

years old

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-34.

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An. Ariphronis, stead.

Elisha: and when the man'' was let down, and ? He was twenty and five touched the bones of Elisha, a he revived, and when he began to reign, and reigned B. c. 29-310. stood up on his feet.

twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. Olyanp.com 22 | But Hazael king of Syria op- And his mother's name was JohoadB. C. 536–539. pressed Israel all the days of Jehoa- dan of Jerusalem. 1. Olymp. 80. haz.

3 And he did that which was right in the 23 ° And the LORD was gracious sight of the Lord, yet not like David his father: unto them, and had compassion on them, and he did according to all things as Joash his father d had respect unto them, because of his cove- did. nant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and 4. Howbeit the high places were not taken would not destroy them, neither cast he them away: as yet the people did sacrifice and burnt from his presence as yet.

incense on the high places. 24 So Hazael king of Syria died; 5 | And it came to pass, as soon as Ante 1. 01. 03. and Ben-hadad his son reigned in his the kingdom was confirmed in his Ante 1. 01. 62.

hand, that he slew his servants " which Arch. Athens 25 And Jehoash the son of Jehoa- had slain the king his father.

haz & took again, out of the hand of 6 But the children of the murderers he slew Ante 1. 01.60 Ben-hadad the son of Hazael, the not: according unto that which is written in the An Arpitenis, cities which he had taken out of the book of the law of Moses, wherein the LORD

hand of Jehoahaz his father by war. commanded, saying, "The fathers shall not be . Three times did Joash beat him, and recovered put to death for the children, nor the children the cities of Israel.

be put to death for the fathers; but every man CHAPTER XIV.

shall be put to death for his own sin. Amaziah begins to reign well; his victory over the Elomites, 1-7. He challenges Jehoash, king of Israel, 8. Jehorsh's parable of the thistle and the cedar, 9, 10

7 1. He slew of Edom in P the valThe two armica meet al Beth wheneat and the men of Judah are benten, 113 ley of salt ten thousand, and took Ante 1. 01. 58. treasures of the king's bouse, and of the temple, and takes hostages, and returns 9 Selah by war, "and called the name

An. Ariphronis, to Samaria, 13, 11. The beach and burial of both these kings, 13. Azariahof it, Joktheel unto this day. the son of Amaziah, raaste king; he builds Elath, 21, 22. Jeroboam the second is wade king over Israel : his wicked reign and death, 23-29.

9 T Then Amaziah sent messenIN [N the second year of Joash son of gers to Jehoash, the son of Jehoahaz, Ante 1. 01. 50.

Jehoahaz king of Israel reigned son of Jehu king of Israel, saying, Arch. Athen.

k Amaziah the son of Joash king of Come, let us look one another in the perpet. 6. Judah.

face.

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perpet. 19.

lleb. went down.-a fcelus 48. 11.- Ch. 8. 12.-c Ch. 14. 27,-- Exod. 2. 21, 3.- Exod. 32. 13.– Heb face--g Heb. returned and took. --h Ver. 18, 19. i Ch. 13. 10.

k 2 Chron. 25. 1. - Chap. 12. 3.-m Ch. 12. 20.-- Deut. 24. 16. Ezek. 18 4, 20 0 2 Chron. 25. 11.-p 2 Sam. &. 13. Pra, 60, title.- Or, the rock.--r Josh. 15. 39. $ 2 Obron. 25. 17, 18, &c - Joseph. Ant IX.

Ver. 5.- Who didst raise up a dead man from death, and my bowels troubled ; I will surely have mercy upon him, his soul from the place of the dead, by the word of the saith the Lord, Jer. xxxi. 20. Most High:

And had respect unto them) vaiyipen, he turned Ver. 6.-Who broughtest kings to destruction, and ho- his face toward them; he received them again into favour; nourable men from their bed:

and this because of his covenant with their fathers : they Ver. 7:—Who heardest the rebuke of the Lord in Sinai, must not be totally destroyed ; the Messiah must come and in Horeb the judgment of vengeance:

from them; and through them must come that light which Ver. 8.—Who anointedst kings to take revenge, and is to enlighten the Gentiles ; and, therefore, he would not prophets to succeed after him:

make an entire end of them. Ver. 9.-Who wast taken up in a whirlwind of fire, and Neither cast he them from his presence as yet.) But in a chariot of fiery horses :

now they are cast out from his presence; they have sinned Ver. 10.-Who wast ordained for reproofs in their times, against the only remedy for their souls. They sit in darkness, to pacify the wrath of the Lord's judgment, before it brake and the shadow of death : the veil is upon their face : but, if forth into fury; and to turn the heart of the father unto the they yet turn to the Lord, the veil shall be taken away. son, and to restore the tribes of Jacob.

Verse 25. Three times did Joash beat them. The Ver. 11.-Blessed are they that saw thee, and slept in particulars of these battles we have not; but these three love ; for we shall surely live.

victories were according to the prediction of Elisha, ver. Elisha was not less eminent than Elijah: the history 19. That these victories were very decisive, we learn of his ministry is more detailed than that of his master'; from their fruits; for Joash took from the Syrians the and his miracles are various and stupendous. In many cities which Hazoel had taken from Israel: viz. Gilead, things there is a striking likeness between him and our the possessions of Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Mablessed Lord; and especially in the very beneficent mira- nasseh, and the country of Basan: see chap. x. 33. cles which he wrought. of him the same author gives Thus God accomplished his word of judgment, and his this character, ib. v. 12–14. Elisha was filled with his word of mercy. The Syrians found themselves to be but spirit: whilst he lived, he was not mored with the presence men, and the Israelites found they could do nothing withof any prince; neither could any bring him into subjec-out God. In the dispensations of his justice and mercy, tion. Nothing could overcome him; and after his death God has ever in view, not only the comfort, support, and his body prophesied ; i.e. raised a dead man to life; as salvation of his followers ; but also the conviction and we learn from the following verse--He did wonders in his salvation of his enemies : and by his judgments many of life; and at his death were his works marvellous: perhaps these have been awakened out of their sleep, turned to God, referring to his last acts with Joash.

learned righteousness, and finally become as eminent for The bands of the Moabites] Marauding parties ; such their obedience, as they were before for their rebellion. ; as those mentioned chap. v. 2.

NOTES ON CHAPTER XIV. Verse 21. They spied a band] They saw one of these Verse 1. In the second year of Joash] This second marauding parties; and, through fear, could not wait to year should be understood as referring to the lime when bury their dead, but threw the body into the grave of Elisha, his father Jehoahaz associated him with himself in the which chanced then to be open; and, as soon as it touched kingdom: for he reigned two years with his father; so the bones of the prophet, the man was restored to life. this second year of Joash is the first of his absolute and This shows that the prophet did not perform his miracles independent government. See Calmet. by any powers of his own, but by the power of God : and Verse 5. As soon as the kingdom was confirmed in his he chose to honour his servant, by making even his bones hand] No doubt those wicked men, Jozachar and Jehozathe instrument of another miracle after his death. This is bad, who murdered his father, had considerable power the first, and I believe the last, account of a true miracle and influence; and, therefore, he found it dangerous to performed by the bones of a dead man; and yet, on it and bring them to justice, țill he was assured of the loyalty such like, the whole system of miraculous-working relics of his other officers : when this was clear, he called them has been founded by the Popish church.

to account, and put them to death. Verse 23. And the LORD was gracious unto them] Verse 6. But the children of the murderers he sleud in raiyachon; he had tender afection for them, as a not] Here he showed his conscientious regard for the husband has for his wife, or a father for his own children. law of Moses ; for God had positively said, The fathers

And had compassion on them) Opam deairachamem, shall not be put to death for the children, neither shall bis bowels yearned over them; he felt for them, he sym- the children be put to death for the fathers ; every man pathized with them in all their distress : Therefore are shall be put to death for his own sin, Deut. xxiv. 16.

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d Ch. 13. 12-2 Chron. 25. 3. &0.- 2 Chron 95. 27 - Jante 1931.- Cha

Ezek. 282 6, 17. Hab. 2 4.-x Heb al thy house-y Josh. 19. 38. 21. 16.—2 Heb. was smil

begins to reign alone.-k Numb. 13. 21. & 34. &-1 Deirt. 3. 17.

9 And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to 16 And Jehoash slept with his faAmaziah king of Judah, saying, "The thistle thers, and was buried in Samaria, Ane i OL. that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that with the kings of Israel; and Jero- Adrerit was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to boam his son reigned in his stead. my son to wife: and there passed by a wild 17 T . And Amaziah the son of Joash A M2 beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the king of Judah lived after the death of B.c. 16-19 thistle.

Jehoash, son of Jehoahaz king of Israel, 1. Olympus 10 Thou hast indeed smitten Edom, and fifteen years. w thine heart hath lifted thee up: glory of this, 18 And the rest of the acts of Amaand tarry sat home; for why shouldest thou ziah, are they not written in the B. c 16. meddle to thy hurt, that thou shouldest fall, book of the Chronicles of the kings of 1. lymph even thou, and Judah with thee?

Judah ? 11 But Amaziah would not hear. Therefore 19 Now f they made a conspiracy M294 Jehoash king of Israel went up; and he and against him in Jerusalem: and he fled Antei a 34 Amaziah king of Judah looked one another in to & Lachish ; but they sent after him the face at y Beth-shemesh, which belongeth to to Lachish, and slew him there.

perpet 15 Judah.

20 And they brought him on horses; and he 12 And Judah was put to the worse before was buried at Jerusalem with his fathers in the Israel; and they fled every man to their tents. city of David.

13 And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah 21 | And all the people of Judah took Azaking of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of riah, which was sixteen years old, and made Ahaziah, at Beth-shemesh, and came to Jerusa- him king instead of his father Amaziah. lem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, from 22 He built í Elath, and restored it to Judah, * the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, after that the king slept with his fathers. four hundred cubits:

23 | In the fifteenth year of Ama14 And he took all • the gold and silver, and ziah the son of Joash king of Judah, BCS all the vessels that were found in the house of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of

I Olymo the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's Israel began to reign in Samaria, and house, and hostages, and returned to Samaria. reigned forty and one years.

15 T . Now the rest of the acts of 24 And he did that which was evil in the sight B. C. 811–825. Jehoash which he did, and his might, of the LORD: he departed not from all the sins I. Olymp. 65.

and how he fought with Amaziah of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel

king of Judah, are they not written to sin. in the book of the Chronicles of the kings of 25 He restored the coast of Israel * from the Israel ?

entering of Hamath unto i the sea of the plain, 1 See Jade 9.8.-9. Kinga 1. 23.-w Deut. 8. 14.2 Chron 32 5.

15. 13. & 2 Chron. 26. 1. he is called Urziah-i Ch 16.6. Crou 52 Xe la ten.-a Nel & 16. & 12 39.-b Jer. 31. 3. Zech. 14. 10.-- 1 Kings 7. 51.

Verse 7. He slero of Edom in the ralley of sall] This unoffending inhabitants of Judah. The ravages committed war is more circumstantially related in 2 Chron. xxv. 5, by the army of Jehoash were totally unprovoked and &c. The Idumeans had arisen, in the reign of Joram they were base and cowardly; they fell upon women, old king of Judah, and shaken off the yoke of the house of men, and children, and butchered them in cold blood, for David. Amaziah determined to reduce them to obe all the effective men were gone off with their king against dience; he therefore levied an army of three hundred the Edomites. The quarrel of Amaziah was certainly thousand men in his own kingdom, and hired a hundred just, yet he was put to the rout; he did meddle to his thousand Israelites, at the price of one hundred talents. hurt. He fell, and Judah fell with him, as Jehoash load When he was about to depart at the head of this nume- said :-but why was this? Why it came of God; for he rous army, a prophet came to him, and ordered him to had brought the gods of Seir, and set them up to be kis dismiss the Israelitish army, for God was not with them : gods, and bowed down himself before them, and barnt and, on the king of Judah expressing regret for the loss incense to them; therefore God delivered them into the of his hundred talents, he was answered, that the lord hands of their enemies because they sought afler the gods could give him much more than that. He obeyed, sent of Edom, 2 Chron. xxv. 14, 20. This was the reason back the Israelites, and, at the head of his own men, why the Israelites triumphed. attacked the Edomites in the valley of salt; slew ten Verse 13. Took Amaziah king of Judah) It is plein thousand on the spot, and took ten thousand prisoners, all that Amaziah afterward had his liberty; but how, or on of whom he precipitated from the rock, or Selah, which what terms, he got it, is not known. See on the follorwas afterward called Joktheel, a place or city supposed ing verse. to be the same with Petra, which gave name to Arabia Verse 14. And he took-hostages) manna ha-taan

Petrea, where there must have been a great precipice; both, pledges, from any ârab, to pledge, give security, &c. from which the place took its name of Selah, or Petra. for the performance of some promise. See the meaning

Verse 3. Come, let us look one another in the face.) of this word interpreted in the note on Gen. xxxvi. 17. This was a real declaration of war; and the ground of it It is likely that Amaziah gave some of the nobles or some is most evident from this circumstance: that the one hun- of his own family as hostages, that he might regain his dred thousand men of Israel that had been dismissed, liberty ; and they were to get their liberty when he had though they had the stipulated money, taking the ad- fulfilled his engagements: but of what kind these were 9 vantage of Amaziah's absence, fell upon the cities of Ju- cannot tell ; nor, indeed, how he got his liberty. dah, from Samaria to Beth-horon, and smote three thou Verse 15. Hovo he fought with Amaziah) The only sand men, and took much spoil, 2 Chron. xxv. 10–13. fighting between them was, the battle already mentione; Amaziah no doubt remonstrated with Jehoash, but to no and this is minutely related in 2 Chron. xxv. purpose ; and therefore he declared war against him. Verse 19. They made a conspiracy against him) His

Verse 9. Jehoash-sent to Amaziah-saying] The defeat by Jehoash, and the consequent pillaging of the meaning of this parable is plain. The thistle that was in temple, and emptying the royal exchequer, and the disLebanon, Amaziah, king of Judah, sent to the cedar that mantling of Jerusalem, had made him exceedingly unp was in Lebanon, Jehoash, king of Israel, saying, Give pular; so that, probably, the whole of the last fifteen thy daughter, a part of thy kingdom, to my son to wife: years of his life were a series of troubles and distresses. to be united to, and possessed by the kings of Judah. And Verse 21. Took Azariah] He is also called izziah, there passed by a wild beast, Jehoash and his enraged 2 Chron. xxvi. I. The former signifies the help of the army, and trode down the thistle, utterly discomfited Lord; the latter, the strength of the Lord. Amaziah and his troops, pillaged the temple, and broke Verse 22. He built Elath] This city belonged to the down the walls of Jerusalem : see verses 12–14. Pro- Edomites ; and was situated on the eastern branch of the bably Amaziah had required certain cities of Israel to be Red sea, thence called the Elanitic gulf. It had probably given up to Judah; if so, this accounts for that part of suffered much in the late war; and was now rebuilt by the parable, Give thy daughter to my son to wife. Uzziah, and brought entirely under the dominion of Judah.

Verse 10. Glory of this, and tarry at home] There is Verse 25. He restored the coast of Israel] From the a vast deal of insolent dignity in this remonstrance of Je- description that is here given, it appears that Jeroboam hoash: but it has nothing conciliatory; no proposal of reconquered all the territory that had been taken from the making amends for the injury his army had done to the kings of Israel, so that Jeroboam the second left the king

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